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SATI "TtliAY 111()Ii,NINC-7r.
AT ONE DOLLAR A-YEAR, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE,
OR, $1:25 AT THE END OF TILE YEAR.,
OFFICE: CRULT2S ROW, FRONT-ST.,
AUV ERT ISE M EDITS AT THE USUAL RATES
A large addition to the JOB PRINTING depart
ment of "THE MARLETTIAN " establish
ment enables us to do everything in the Job
line with neatness and dispatch, and at very
The Columbia Insurance Company,
Of Columbia, Lancaster County, Pa.
THIS Company continues to idsure Build
ings, Merchandise, and other propel ty,
against loss and damage by fire, on the mutu
al plan, either far a cash premium or premium
The success of the Company has far ex
ceeded the most sanguine expectations of the
Directors, and it will be noticed oy, the follow
ing statement that its affairs are in a healthy
and flourishing condition.
WHOLE AMOUNT INSURED
Balance of Cash Premiums unexp
ruary Ist, 1861,
Cash Premiums received during th
last year, less agents' coin missiot ,
Interest received on money Wane
Losses and Expenses paid the .1a
Baiat of Cash Premiums uie
pended, Feb. Ist, 1862,
It will be seen from the
money paid in advance for p.,
sufficient to pay all losses a
leave a surplus fund of over
Dollars, and that the Direr I
levied any tax upon the meni
C. S. ICA UFF
GEORGE YOUNG, Jr., Ses ,
M. M. STRICKLER,
C. S. Kauffman, Abra
John Fendrich, H.
Samuel F. Euei lein, H. '
111. AI. Strickler, Mir,
George Young, Jr., Ni i/das Mc Donald.
Amos S. .Green.
REFER EACES.-1 ( following persons
are alt embers of this C tpany:
Bainbridge—lt. H Jo 0. John H. Smith,
Joseph Kuitz. CoZombi' Geo. Bogle, Hiram
Wilson, F. S. Bletz, " p er. Yeager, H. C.
Fondersnizth, John She ger, J. G. Pollock,
Frank Shillot, John Go. , J. J. & P. S. Mc
'rogue, Michael S. SI an, it. Williams,
John Cooper, Geo. IHeise, Washington
Righter, Samuel Sho Robert Hamilton,
Eckert & Myers, Th as Welsh, Win. A.
Martin, Casper Seibert . W. Cottrell, Philip
Huebner, Ephraim 1.1 hey, Philip Schalck,
David Hanauer, John e uttuer, Jacob Stacks,
Jacob Strine, Benj. F. polo, Win. Whipper,
John Q. Denney, Juhnelix, Silvester, V ogle,
Samuel Arms, A. Ura . Co. East Hempfield
—Simon Minieh. Fa outh--Abraham Col
lins, Samuel Hurst, Xthael Hess. Lances
ter—John Rankin, B. i Shaeffer, Henry E.
Leman, Wm. T. Coopi, John Slieulfer, Geo.
fteede. Marietta-64 W. Mehattey, John
11. tiummy ; Frederick lahling, E. D. itnath,
Calvin A. Schaffnerohn Naylor, Samuel
Hopkins, Martin HildCandt, H. & F. Fletch
er. Mount Ay—Jacc7Myers, Israel Barn
hart, Michael 13ratu4 John Breqeman.—
illonhetm—Johp Host r, J. E. Cross, Sam'l.
Long, Geo. Weaver, ha M. Dunlap, John
Him, Philip Arnt, ob H. Kline., David
Fisher. Maytomn— Lin Beatty, • George B.
Murray, Samuel Pen --;
Simon F. Albright.
Alunideille—A. S. Bo rs. Munoi Township
—Jacob B. Shuman, pristian Miller, Julius
.L. Shuman. Penn 7 ww , h ip—Daniel Frey,
Henry B. Becker, 11y Nett, John E. Bren
ner. Ropho 'lawn ..=Christiatn Greider,
Edward Givens, 11 , mei W Union. West
JlempJield Township -E. Wolf, B. A. Price,_11....1.,
M. A. Reid, J. H. S .aler, Amos S.. Bowers,
Jacob Rullthan. W. ick Township—Daniel
B. Erb. .. .
WI to appoint an Agent
the Agency can apply
tom- The compan
for each Township 1 ,
l'erSollB wishing to ;
in person or by lett
LEE & BRO„
N AND BRASS
'Mists, Second street,
make all kinds of Iron
And General ill
They are prepare
Castings fur Rollin 'tills and Blast. Furnaces,
Pipes, for Steam, ter and Gas ; Columns,
Fronts, Cellar Do Weights, &c., for Buil
dings, and castings every description ;
STEAM E, is G !;'S, AND BOILERS,
IN TIIE MIST ERN AND IMPROVED
Manner; Pumps, ck Presses, Shafting and
Pulleys, Mill Gear , Taps,-Dies, Machinery
for Mining and liming ; Brass Bearings,
~team & Blast Gat4; Lubricators; Oil Cocks,
Valves for Steamiis, and Water; Brass Fit
tings in all their v4ty; Boilers, Tanks, Flues,
Heaters, Stacks, lilts, Nuts, Vault Doors,
Washers, &c. f
BLACK VIIII 'NG in GENERAL.
Fr.= long experie in building machinery we
,flatter ourselves t e can give general satis
faction to those may favor us with their
orders. ilite,pa g promptly attended to.
Orders by mail iressed as above, will meet
with prompt atteuk. Prices to suit the times.
Z. S UPPL EE,
f 2'. R. SUPPLEE.
Columbia, Oct()) 20, 1860. 14-tf
A Tit D'EOPLE'S
HAT A . N . CAP STORE.
N 0.20 NORTH ':EN STREET, LANCASTER.
rii H E Subsoil]) re desirous to inform their
customers a l lthe public generally, that
their preparation, a large assortment of
FINE SOFTELT Sr, SILK HATS,
ADAPTED FOR ING AND SUMMER WEAR
have been con). d the same compricea the
richest and mos utiful shades of color and
style, which to and long experience could
produce. In o sortment will be found all
THE REST STYLES OF
Silk, Oas er and Soft Hats,
8 w HATS,
Every style ahuality for Gentlemen and
Boy's hr. A full line of
CHILDEENSTRAW GOODS, AND
SUNER STYE CAPS.
In conclusion; would return our sincere
thanks for 9 favors, and trust by varied
exertions, ttOon and dispatch to merit its
hurt A. SEW] [HENRY A. SHULTZ.
Lancaster, 4 24, 1862-If
tt, FRONT STREET,
and Elbow I
generally, t , l
;laving leased the old "Stack
1. t the
.corner of Front street
would most respectfully
en and the traveling public
icithitig shall be left undone
ruing of a liberal support.
SAMUEL G. MILLER.
brands: - --guartanteed gen
4exander D. lieese.
Chewing Tobacco. A large
iety at J. M. Andersen's.
0 and go
.hose beautiful S 0 F T
via.% 92 Marhei-st.
jj HAT '
all brands- 7 guarran ted
Benjamin k C.o.
The following is an extract from the
Life of John Randolph, by Hugh A.
Garland :—Next morning, (the day on
which he died,) Dr. Parish received on
early and an urgent message to' visit
him. Several persons were in the room,
but soon left it, except his servant, John,
who was much affected at the sight of
his dying master. The-Doctor remarked
to him, "I have seen your master very
low before, and he revived ; and perhaps
he will again."
"_John knows better than that, sir."
I add Feb
-1 0 1 65 Is
r 54,21 0 07
tbove that the
icies has oeen
,rs have never
ers of the Corn-
He then looked at the - Doctor' with
great intensity, and said, in an earnest
and distinct manner.
" I confirm every disposition in my
will, especially that respecting my slaves
whom I have manumitted, and for whom
I have made provision."
A ir I am rejoiced to hear such a declara-
Vn from you, sir," replied, the Doctor,
and soon after proposed to leave him
for a short time, to attend to another
m Bruner, Sr.,
~ e 1 H. Moore,
"You must'nt go," was the reply; "you
cannot, you shall not leave me. John!
take care that the Doctor (Ides not
leave the room."
John soon locked the door, and re
ported, "Master I have locked the door,
and got the key in my pocket; the
Doctor can't go now."
He seemed excited, and said, "If you
do go you need not return."
The Doctor appealed to him, as to
the propriety of such an order, inasmuch
as he was only desirous of diScharging
his duty to another patient. His man
ner instantly changed, and he said, " I
retract that expression." Some time
afterwards, turning an expressive look,
he said again, " I retract that expres-
The Doctor now said that he under
stood the subject of his commanicatiOff;
and presamed the Will would explain
itself fully. lie replied in his peculiar
" No, you don't understand it; I know
you don't. Our laws are extremely
particular on the subjb.ct of slaves—a
Will may manumit them, but ,provision
fur their subsequent support requires
that a declaration be made in the pres
ence of a white witness, after hearing
the declaration, should continue with
the party, and never lose sight of him,
until he his gone or dead. You are a
good witness for John. You see the
propriety and importance of your re
maining with me ; your patients must
make allowance for your situation.—
John _told me this morning—'master
you are dying.'"
The Doctor spoke with entire candour,
and replied, that it was rather a matter
of surprise that he had lasted so long.
He now made his preparations to die.
He directed John to bring him, his
father's breast buttim ; he then directed
him to place it in the bosom of his shirt.
It was an old-fashioned, large-sized gold
button. John placed- it in the button
bole of the shirt bosom—but to fix it
completely, required a hole on the oppo- .
site side. " Get a knife," said he, " and
cut one." A napkin was called for, and
placed by John over his breast. For a
short time he lay , perfectly quiet, with
his eyes closed. He suddenly roused up.
and exclaimed—" Remorse ! remorse !"
It was thrice repeated—the last time,
at the.top of his voice, with great agita
tion., Be cried out—"lat me see the
word. Get a dictionary, let - me see the
"There is none in the mein, sit," •
"Write it down, then—let me see the
The Doctor picked 'up one of his
cards, Randolph of Roanoke—"shall
write it on this card ?"
" Yes, nothing more proper."
The word remorse was then written
in pencil. He took the card in a hurried
manner, and fastened his eyes on it Wiih
"Write it on the back," be exclaimed.
It was so done, and handed him again.
He was extremely agitated:
"Remorse i you have no idea what it
is ; you can form no idea of it whatever ;
it has contributed to bring me to my
present situation ; but I have looked to
the Lord Jesus Christ, and hope I have
obtained pardon. Now let John take
your pencil and draw a• line under the
word," which was accordingly done.
"What am I to 'do with the card ?"
inquired, the Doctor.
" Put it in your pocket—tate cars of
it—whenl am dead, look at it."
The Doctor now introduced the sub
ject of:milting in some additional wit-.
nesses to his declarations, arid suggested
J tcv 1 ((Tit tc•irt+
I. Baker, Proprietor_
A Death-Bed Scene
lukytithtnt Voinsvlbauia 3aurnal for Ike (firtit.
sending down stairs for Edmund Bad-'
He replied—" I have already commu
nicated that to him." •
The Doctor then said—" With your
concurrence, sir, I will send for two
young physicians, who' shall remain and
never loose. sight of you until you are
;dead, to whom you can make • your decla
rations—my gut, Dr. Isaac Parish, and
my young friend and late pupil, Dr..
Francis West, a brother of Capta , in
He quickly asked—" Captain West of
the Packet ?"
"Yes', sir; .
"Send for him—he is the man=-I'll
Before the door was unlocked, he
towards'a bUreae, and requested
the Doctor to take from it a remuner
ation for his services. To this the
Doctor promptly replied, that'he would
feel as though he were acting indelicate
ly to comply. He then waived the sub
ject by saying—"iu England it is always
customary." • :
The witnesses were now sent for, arid
soon arrived. The dying , man Was prop
ped up in the bed, with pillows ; nearly.
erect. Being extremely sensitive. ,to
cold, he had a blanket over his head and
shoulders; and he directed John , to
place his hat on, over the blanket, which
aided in keeping it close to his head,—
With a countenance full of sorrow, John
stood close by the side of his dying
master. The four witnesses—EdmUnd'
Badger, Francis West, Isaac Parfsh,
and Joseph Parish—Were placed in •a
semi -circle, in fall view. He rallied all
the axpiring energies of mind and body,
to this last effort. ‘"His whole soul,"
says Dr. Parish, "seemed concentrated
in the act. His eyes flashed feeling and
intelligence. Pointing towards Us. with
his long index finger, he addressed us."
" I confirm all the directious iu my
Will, respecting my alaves, and direct
them to be enforced, particularly in re
gard to a provision for their support.
And then raising his arm as high as he
could,'he brought it down with his open
hand on the shoulder of his favorite
John, and added these words—"espe
cially for this man." He then asked
each of the witnesses whether' they un
derstood him. Dr. Joseph Parish ex
plained to their' what' Mr. Randolph
had said in regard to tho laws of Virginia
on the subject of manumission—and
then appealing to the dying man to know
whether he had stated it correctly.—
" Yes," said he, and gracefully waving
his hand as a token of •dismission, he
added—" the young gentlemen' will. re
main with me." The scene. was now
soon changed. Having disposed of that
subject most deeply impressed on his
heart, his keen, penetrating eye, lost, its
expression,,his powerful mind gave way,
and his fading imagination began to
wander amid scenes and with frieuds
that he had left behind. In' two hours
the spirit took its flight, and all that
was mortal of John Randolph of Roa
noke was'hushed in death. On `the 24th
day ofJune, 1833, aged sixty years, he
breathed his last, in Et chaniber of the
City Hotel, No. 41, Mirth Third Street,'
fir Among , those brought to White
House; was a rebel colonel who had been'
shot through the lungs. As he appered
to be dying, Mr. Barclay asked him if he
wished anything done. He said "Yes,"
and gave the Commissioner* the names
and dddress of his• wife . aud
"Anctitow," said'he, "ask 'God to forgiee
me for ever having. anything to do`ivith
this wicked rebellion:" Mr. Barclay a 4 : ..:
ed if he desired him to . Pray with him.—
He answered in the affirmative, anffafter
a prayer petitioning the forgiveness of
Almighty God for his sins, and His
fatherly interposition on behalf of the
soon to be widowed. wife and orphaned
children,,the penitent Carolinian raised
his trembling arms and. threw them,
about the neck of Mr. Barclay, and kiss
ed him again and again. The bystand
ers were all in tears as they turned from
the affecting scene and . walked silently
away,` iMpreised with • a feeling that
surely,' sooner or later, God's terrible
vengeance will fall `Upon the heads of
those leaders 'who haie imbrued their
arms to the elbows in the blood cif thei r
own misguided , followers.. '
To 1/ASE HENS LA.v.:—Put the ben in
a tub of water—the water to come abog
three inches overber head-leavo in thi s
condition fOrU, TOW minutes oily, then
remove her and she'will lay tdcessantly
Dollar a 'Y'ear.
THE JUNE .01LONY.--PerlOy,, Of !CIO
Boston Journal, writing from Washing
ton, under date of June 8, says :
Mr. 'Redpath, , yesterday, cleare , 'd
from Alexaddria the E. Wright, Jr., for
Hayti; With one' hundred and twelve
(Voiitrabandi,' who go 'is
Each otie' of thdm had two'sniig'Of cloth
ing supplied bythe Abolitionisig of Bos
ton, a Testament from the Bdstbn Bible
Society, a spelling book from the Baton
Tract-Society, cotton, tobacco, and vege
table seed, kfac. . There , were interesting
farewell •execcises on board, in which
Mr.'Redpath, Mr. Van Vilet, editor of
the Republiggen, . and. other gentlemen
participated'." • , • - • : .
—The New York Tribune's correspon
dent also reports that.:
" The E. Wright, Jr., C'apt. Z. S.
Doane, a bark of 270 ' tons„ burden, has
sailed for Aux Cayes, Hayti, having on
boar&One hundred and twelve colored
emigrants, who go out lender the auspi
ces of the Haytian Emigration Bureau.
A few orthein were enfranchised by the
law abotishing b'lavery in the District of
Columbia, , hutmostnfthem . were freed
by the operatiOn oethe war upon the in
stitution. About one half of the emi
grants are active young men. Theyare
generally intelligent, and are pleased =at
the - prospect - of going to a country where
there are no whites: They have been
provided With sChool-bocilts and 'testa:'
ments, as well'as clothing, and; withoiit
having,• the fear of Gev. Stanley before
their eyes, are learning, their lettei.,s.—*
The Boltian . Government, offer geoer
ous inducements to emigrants, of - whom ,
2,20,0 have already gone from this coun-•
STRAWBERRIEL—The editor of the
Germantown Telegraph maires the fol
lowing recommendation on the manage
.ment of striWberries r
" When the fruit is fortning, and es
pecially When it hail commenced to ripen,
the be'ds should be plen'tifially watered'
once a day; at least: You need not' be
afraid of putting on tob ranch; the' more
the better." It will repay'the above ten-•
fold. We find that , rather IoW , moist
ground, not glaringly exposed to the sun'
and mulched, is far to be ; preferred to
high, exposed ground, without, any pro
tection. :klittle shade does not .hurt
strawberries, and moist .soil, artificially
or naturally, is decidedly to, be chosen.
The best uniform crops we ever raised,
or saw, were produced under such cir
cumstaitdes. If properly' , treated; there
is nc; erdp more certain "'than the straW
berry, or easier; to obtain."
" CORRECTION " IN 41,1x0t5.---kiratri
Hester, a blatant,. Secessionist of Iro
quois; county, was whipped by one K,ig
gins, the other day, for giving ntterranee
to his disloyalism. Hester had Kiggins
arrested for 'ass'atilt. The trial was to'
cane' off befOre a justieti -i in Al iddleport.
When'the day waireand 'a large num
ber of Union ineh frein wariona Parts'of
the country were in atteridanc,e,. carrying
the old flag, and accompariTed - bY martial
bands.:. Some , parties had, coils ,of rope
conspicuously displayed. There was
significance aboilt,this whicb Hester was,
at no loss to : understand. 'He accarding- 1
ly wilted, , , begged ; everybody's pardon,
withdrew, his actin; paid the costs, took,
the oath of allegiance, and nailed np the ,
old flag, and 'promised to keep it up.,...
A RIGIITEOUS , MalletteS- ,
ter, Vermont, resides a man namedijole,
who isaviolent Secessionist. , Recently,
while he was-expressing hisl sentiments
in favor of the rebellion, and hoping that
every Federal soldier at the, South would
be shot or struck dead, with lightning,
Mr. 11 1 . 4 ,E. Miner, editor of the Manches-,
ter Tomrod, knocked him down. pole'
had Mr. Miner arrested, and the base was
tried before a jury., While the plain- .
tiff's counsel was summing up for his
client, one of the-jurynien' quietly`wrote
the folloWing verdict: "'Not guilty . ;
and' the jury; *bind recommend all foYal
citizens to go and do' likeW Ise:" • The '
other members endorsed the verdiet,
and, without leaving their seats, .return-,
edit to the court, by whom 'it was:re
ceived,, and the prisoner discharged.
WONDERFUL COW STea . Y.—A Valuable
cow lielongink, to Mr.Waniel Tilton, of
East•Fiirley,. Township,' died a few days
since fiom cause •so.inexplicable as to
lead r the owner .tciliave a. post-mortem
examination, Ann eight perfectly-formed
bixt rattisi small-alied'chlvealiere found
in the , stom'a'ch-two of them without
halt. '•ThiS is aliedd of ansthrog 'the
ever met with:—Wask
ington (Pa.) Ethaniiner.
WRECKS O.F" HUMANITY.-- May should
sink ? , The exc i itement of "the chase"
has ollvays been supposed to have a
healthful tendency . ; but there is a kind
of chess which breaks dow,n the consti
tution, debilitates.the frame; ,and short
ens life. We mean - the ,headlong, un
intermitting bunt ? ; fter , "the almighty
dollar,; ; which is the great . business
characteristic of the present day.--,
It "begeis other evils,. (unnecessary .to
name) which precipitate the fate of thou
sands. , There.is, however, 'a .posSibility
of recovery from. the prostration pro
duced by these causes, long after their
victim has ceased:to hope for it. if we
are rightly: informed, the most astonish
ing cures of What is called general weak
ness and debility,..whiph have, ever been
known:in this country, bavelkeetr 'effect.
ed through the agency of Dr. Holloway's
inestimable; remedies. • Mere skeletons
of, men, out of whom the •very principle
of vitaility seemed to have'been drained,
have been restored to health and vigor
by the:operation of the Pills.; and of
the Ointment, in cases of paralysis, rheu-.
matism, &c., we hear an equally favora
ble account. If men will break deln
their energies by over exertion— if in
their anxiety to "go ahead," they 'will
override the most precious of God's
blessings, health—it is well they should
know how to repair the mischief, when
they come at lase to realize the fact or
their premature debay. The wreckrof
humanity who without any particular
disease; appear to be sinking from mete
exhaustion, would find without doubt,
immediate relief from Doctor Hollo
ws* rernedles,- 7 Phit. " Tribune'
H 0 RRIB LE TRAGEDiES.—B tTal o is ex
cited ovens series of horrible tragedies.
A woman', 'calling herself Mrs.'Lealcoil,
an Indian doctress, was arreaed , on Fri-.
day•for - causing the death :of young girl,
named Maty Hamilton ; by proddcing
abortion. She had,seat the .body away
in the night to be buried, and thelpolice
followed it and thensearched the 'slaugh
ter house.' Two pther girls were found,
there in dying condition from , similar
criminality. All these young women
were, victims of the seducer's sit and xe
spectaly connected. The woman Leah
coil has once been tried for causing an
abortion and acquitted. She can hardly
escape again. Tyvo.of her accomplices,
a negro named John Craig, and a young,
man named Robert Hared, an assumed
physician, are also in jail. While the
Buffalo police were in possession:of the,
"slaughter house," last Friday, not less'
than twenty women, married' and . single
called and inquired for the proprietress.
CAUTION TO 80v5.,-In Milwaukee, a
few days ago, some, boys were playing
with marbles, which had' been bought,
in the city, and which were nicely paint
ed. The day was very-hot and the hands
of the boys got min,' in consequence 'of
which the paint dissolved - and attached
to thetitgers. One the boys wiped with
his hands'hisloreheall,::Wheroby the pois
on contained in the paitni detached from
the marbles' was' cdin t inVactited 't6 the
face. In two 'horii.s hii`e;yes beg-an to
swell, and continued to swell; so that
after two days he could not ..see through
the swollen face, and it w,as.twelve-days,
before he was able to use,hia eyes.
THE MORMON ,EMIGRATION.--,A'oCrrels
pondent gives the following as-a correct
report .of Mormon ethigration from the
ports under Mentioned',. frOM April 9,'
1862, to May 20, inclusive': From Liv- ,
erpool theresailed[onthe 25th of April
702 "saits';':' on 'the 6th of May, 376 ;
the 20th of the same month, 807.. From
Hamburg the exodus was extensive. On,
the . 9th of A.Pril,'323 Mormons left that
port for Utah ; 413 on the 15th and 820
on the 21st. On the 15th of the same
month, 100 set oat from-Havre.
PiENiNT HENS t. the
hen in a tub, fill it with water so that
her feet will touch the 'bOttorn; add her
body be at the top of the Water ; - then
cover the'tub up, so that it 'cabriet f fly
out. AB she cannot sit' down Without
getting wet, and will have. tb Amid •up,
leave her in this position two, or three
hours, and then let her out. She, will
not sit anymore.,—Exchange.
Mrs.' Gen. Beauregard and Mrs.
Gen. Lee are both within our lines, and
the very liberal suggestion is made that
we consent to' exchange ' them 'for their
,What can the ,poor rebel Confed
eracy now—moneyless, saltless, rainless,,
hopeless, lawless, and Godless !
Don't cry, little, boy. .Did he
you on parpeee ?" " To , sir,; - bil,pap
on the head.''
NEVER SULK OR FROWN
My darling, darling little girl,
And what's the matter now ?
Why wear your lips that angry curl !
What clouds your open brow?
" Because mamma won't let you do
Exactly as you please?"
And so you think 'twill help you through,
To pout, and fret and tease?
Ma loves you dearly—that you know;
And if she thinks not best
To let you with the others go,
Why, let the matter rest. •
Come, clear your troubled brow, my dear ;
Put off that sullen look, .
And we will read together here
A leaf from nature's book.
What say the gentle, gentle flowers ?
In,ineekness bending down,
All pale .beneatb, the chilling showers,
They never, never frown.
Andl when the wain' a'n'd cheerful sun
Givesyplace,to cdioudi and rain,
He waits until his foes are gone,
Then skineth out again..
Did you ever bear a nestling bird
Teasing its tender mother?
"Would you, not 4 ,wonder if you heard
Them fret and scold each other
And now goodbye. ' I Must depart—
Ere you the leaf turn down,
Get the lesson well:by heart;
And neyer sulk or frown.
MERtSCELAML—This famous substance
of Which many tobacco smoking pipes
are made is &hydrated sillicate of maz
nesia. When pure it is white, but when
it contains, sillicate : of iron it is yellow.
Good meerschaum can be indented with
the thumb nail, and is easily cut with a
knife, It, is• found of different degrees
of density--some .kinds will float on
water while others willaiuk. Those of
medium density are, preferred by pipe
makers,. Most of ,the genuine' Weer_
schaum obtained comes from Asia, but
it: is also foUnd in Greece, Spain and
Moravia. It is exported in, the form of
irregular blocks. In some cases meer
schaum is fashioned into rough pipe
bowls where it is dug, but it is mostly
sent to Europe. , The cities of resth
and Vienna were family celebrated for
their meerseimum manufactories. In
forming a pipe ,bowl . the material is pre-
Pared for the operation by soaking it
is a composition of beeswax and olive
oil. The wax and oil .absorbed by the
meerschaum are the cause : of the color ,
prodneed in such pipes ,by smoking.
The heat of khe burning, tobacco causes
the oil; of the, tobscco to mix with the
wax and olive oil in the meerschaum,
and these gradually, assume those dark
tints so much prized, by some inveterate
smokers. ,In some cases the bowls of
these pipes are stained artificially by
soaking them in a sol,ution of iron mixed
With dragon's blood., ,The.white meer
schaums however should always be
Tile scrapings of the blocks of which
the solid pipes are wade, are triturated
and reduced to powder, then boiled in
soft water until a thick paste - is formed,
which is molded into blocks, that are
dried, then cut out into pipes as from
natural blocks. There' are very many
pipes sold under the name' of meerschaum
which are spuriou&'couipesitionS, but
it is very difficult to detectthe false from
the true by mere inspection. Some
fancy meorschaum•pipes-are very costlx,
These are mostly to be found in Austria.
They are furnish - env - 4h amber ? mouth
pieces and studded With 'aver.
085"ATewldays ago; while 'the •Union,
prisoners. who were'released by the re
bels at Salisbury,' N. O." were being paid
off on Governor's Island, an incident oc
curred which is worthy of Lotice The
rebel prisoners, Who Were Captured at
Fort Pulaski, are alio quartered on one
portion of the i'srand, , which is guarded
by sentries, who refiire any one , to pass
their lin'esl' l One however a
memlbcr Oftlie 69th Ne Regim'ent,
anxiously gazed` at one of'the' rebels for
a considerable time,. and subsequently
addressed the . seigeant'of the guard' as
fchlOws : 1
`" Sergeant, won't you 'Me' pass, I
see lily brother' ie among the prisoners,
and-he'S if' the Southern army. Can't
you let me speak to him?"
The, sergeant, struck with the novelty
of the case, permitted the private inside.
A few minutes afterwards, the brothers
were engaged in a Cala-and-Abel en
conntei, and seonafipi, the rebel rolled .
iii the sand with the Union man uPward.
The " chivalry " soon gathered round
their fallen CoMrade ; hut the G9th man
beat a hasty yetreat, and was aeon lost
among the group of soldiers or his regi
ment, who witnessed the encounter. Ho
then told the, followingstory :
" I said the rebel blackguard was my
brother,. because that was the only way
I could to speak to him. I tell you what.
he did to me. While I was iipprisonek
at Richmond, he was guard over us, and,
hit me twice with the buteruiof.his
musket on the back. But yvejnet,,giv
en him harder cracks than` he gave. me.",
, c •A. rebel woman writes to us from
Nash vile, that, if we visit that; city,, she
will spit,in our:face upon. the street.--
She,adds that she will, if she can get a
charmer,-spit, in the face' of our friend:
Mercer of• • the Nashville Union. Mer-4
cer I if she spits in• your face, spit back
again—and see thatri have a, sizable
rinidiny4r mouth at the ti,nie.'—Pien'-