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TEE =AXE IN THE GRASS.
BY JOHN O. SAXE.
Come, listen awhile to me, my lad;
Come, listen to me for a spell;
• Let that terrible drum
For a moment be dumb :
For your uncle is going to tell
. What befel
A youth who loved liquor too well.
A clever young man was he, my lad,
And with beauty uncommonly blest,
Ere with brandy and wine
lie began ko decline,
And behaved like a person .possessed,
The temperance plan is the beet
One evening he, went to thi l tavern, my led;
He went to a tavern one night,
And, drinking too much
Rum, brandy and such,
'The chap get exceedingly "tight,"
And was quite
What your aunt might entitle a "fright."
'The fellow fell into a snooze, my lad;
°Tis a horrible slumber he takes ;
Ile trembles with fear,
And Ras very queer;
My eyes! bow he shivers and shakes
When he wakes,
And raves about horrid great ~snakes."
'Tie a warning 'to you and to the, my lad ;
A particular caution , to
Though tin one can ace
_The mien; ' -
To hear the poor lunatic bawl:
" flow they crawl !
All over the.floor and the wall !"
Next morning he took to his bed, my lad!
Next morning he took to hie bed;
And he never got up
To dine or to sup,
Through properly physieked and bled;
And I read,
Next day, the poor fellow was dead !
You've heard of the snake in the grass r my lad—
Of the viper concealed in the grass;
But. nowr you must know,
Man's deadliest foe
Ls a snake of ' a different class:
PTis the viper that lurks in the glass !
A warning to you and to me, my lad—
A very imperative call;
Of liquor keep clear;
Don't drink even beer,
tlyoul mbun all occasion to fall;
If at all,
Pray take it uncommonly small.
And if you are partial to snakes, my lad,
(A. passion I think rather low,)
Don't enter, to see 'em,
The Devil's Museum!
'Tis very much better to go
(That's so !)
And visit a regular show.
Has s neighbor injured yout
You will yet conic off the hest;
He's lhe most to answer tor;
'Never, mind it, let it rest,
lias a horrid lie been told 3
It will run itself to death.
If kou will let it quite alone,
It will die for want of breath ;
Are your enemies at work 1
•t Don't fret—
They can't injure you a whit;
If they find you heed them not,
They will soon be glad to quit;
Is adversity your lot?
Fortune's wheels keep turning round
Every spoke' Will reach the top,
Which like you , is going down.
ea - When we find ourselves more in-
Alined to persecute
, than persuade, we
may be certain that our zeal has more of
pride in it than charity.
• Sp - 'n a ves another is to teach him
to vex ns again—injuries awaken re
venge, and even an ant can sting, and a
ei trouble our patience.
r A wag rose from his bed on the
31st of fast' August, and exclaimed,
" This is Pie is r st ;Op of summer."
113' Many pride themselves !von be,
iug wild young men, who are only wild
. . ;..
ii ....... ,
y a. Y 1-
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4 , ,
11 I *N'
1t 1 1 .
i l l
American Young Ladyism.
Mr. J. G. Kohl, a German traveler,
who has described more - than half the
civilized world, has recently written
what purports to be an account of the
young ladies of America. Our lady
readers will not agree with all be -says
of them ; bat nevertheless, we suspect
they will read every word with great
attention and interest. As for readers
of the other sex, we recommend - them
to believe nothing Mr. Kohl says, un
less it is substantiated by their wives,
sisters or sweetheart.
ALL AMERICAN WOMEN BRASAIPUL.
Our traveler begins by remarking that
our domestic institutions produce a
singular sameness :
That beauty, however, should become
democratic is a remarkable fact for the
observer. The fair sex in America bas
not only the same' universal feelings,
impulses and passions, the same educa
tion and requirements, which they have
obtained from institutions all of a like
pattern, but also the same charms.—
There is a greater national family re
semblance among American woman than
among those of any European country.
The general affinity in manners, comfort
and social, value has had such an effect
on the type of beauty, that they all ap
pear to have issued from the same
mould and school.
Clumsy, coarse features, striking de-
formities, original and characteristic
ugliness, are found neither among Amer
ican men or women. The great majori
ty of women are moderately pretty, very
passable, or pleasingly pretty. Still
their charms are concentrated more in
their features than in their demeanor,
figures or corporeal shape. A classical
bust, rounded arms, and well-developed
limbs are the greatest rarity among
them. ; Yon may gaze on a, hnntired
and not discover one shapely waist.—
The effeminate manners of these any
thing but Spartan republican ladies,
their horror of bodily movement and
physical exertion, produce a defect and
decay of the entire muscular system.—
Walking in the open air is something
quite unasual with them, for in their
country, where there are no footpaths
or promenades, they move about in
carriages, and rarely on horseback.—
The • rest of the long day they spend,
after the fashion of ladies in Eastern
harems, on softly cushioned sofas, or in
their favorite rocking-chairs by the fire
side. Full beauties a la Rubens are
never found among them, and equally
rare are those graceful, well-rounded,
elastic, Junonic forms, which may still
be seen in Italy and other European
countries. The ladies of Kentucky
alone offer an exception to this, but the
rest all resemble tulips, in whom only
the head delights. Their laces, tog, use
pleasanter through the delicacy of the
outline than in the color or expression.
Their complexion is hardly ever rosy,
arid rarely lively and fresh. They are
all somewhat pallid, like zealous ro
mance readers among ourselves. They
seem to be hothouse plants, and their
entire education .and formation in the
fashionable ladies' academies is on the
forcing system. These pretty, delicate,
pale faces are met with not only in the
capitals, but far away up the Mississippi,
in the new settlement, and• in the prai
ries among the Indians.
Even the farmer's daughter looks ex
actly like a denizen of the towns, reads
romances, insists on dressing in silk, and
dresses her hair with artificial French
flowers in contempt of the natural child
ren of Flora. Ladies in the larger
towns are so proud of their pale, inter
esting complexion. that they disguise
and try to drive away the natural roses
on their cheeks as something coarse and
vulgar. They veil themselves carefully
from the beams of the burning sun,
drink vinegar, and employ other artifi
cial measures to develope still further
the moonlight on their faces. An Eng
lishwoman, or any other fresh beauty
arrived from Europe, resembles among
American ladies the accompaniment of
flutes by a key-bugle.
DEMAND FOR SUPPLY OF WOMEN
The necessity for female society runs
through the whole history of American
colonization side by side with the Indian
wars. At a later date the " Pioneers
of the West" who crossed the Alleghe
nies and settled on the Ohio and the
Mississippi, wanted wives, who at all
times have been, and still are, a rare
14nd valuable article in the United States.
Just as the first emigrants attracted
them from Europe by all aorta of prowls
arde # .thmt Iltanstilintuia 4ournal for f
MARIETTA, FEBRUARY 1, 1862.
es, the later emigrants returned to the
eastern cities, chivalrously paid court
there to young girls, and worked hard
to fulfill their promises. This, in my
opiciou, is the main basis of woman's
position in America, and she has been
garripered, caressed, dressed in silks and
satins, till she gradually beCame the
tender, pretty, delicate, capricious, fash
ionable puppet she now is.
INDEPENDENCE OF AMERICAN WOMEN
The intercourse of American gentle
men with these pretty, pale, elegant
ladies is—so long as they are unmarried
—of a nature that would not be tolera
ted in England. They stand in far too
bold and confidential a footing for our
notions. English parents, it is known,
grant their daughters far more liberty
than the French do, who keep theirs in
a convent till it is time to marry them.
Among the Americans, where the re
publican feeling of Independence' is
added to that inheritance from English
habits, and is born with children of both
sexes, this liberty has necessarily de
generated, just as you find much across
the ocean which in England would press
out of the ground like a tender, -sweet
tasted asparagus head, but in America
has shot up wildly and luxuriously into
a long hard stalk, with multitudinous
side shoots and seeds. The emancipa
tion of young women in America is as
perfect as it well can be ; they hardly
allow their parents the right of guardian
ship. They take care of themselves ;
they are allowed to receive the visits of
young gentlemen, who again introduce
other gentlemen without consulting the
parents. The young ladies . make ap
pointments with these gentlemen, and
ask them to call in the morning, or to
take tea, even should papa and mamma
not be at home, or happen to be engaged
in another part of the hbtise.-
THE BEAUTY OF TEE FA3fILY
If there be any especial beauty among
the daughters of a family, she assumes
mastery so utterly that, so to speak,
everything is done in her name. Even
though the official invitations to balls
and parties are made in the parents
name, the daughter has most certainly
selected the candidates. She win also
invite any one she pleases, or may be
introduced to, without asking papa or
mamma. When young people arrange
to visit any house in the evening, they
do not say, as in Paris, " shall we pay
a visit to Madame N. to-night?" but,
" Shall we go sad call on Miss A. or
Miss S?" The good papa, some rum
bibbing member of Congress, or Senator
bothered with political committees, is
not at all ta.ken into consideration. On
entering the house, the daughter is
naturally seen sitting in the centre of
the sofa, and the conversation is ex
clusively addressed to her. In many
cases the mother is quite passed over.—
If she be at all old and wearysome she
generally sits with grandma, warming
herself at the fire. It often happens
that a stranger may stand on very inti
mate terms with the daughters ere he
has been introduced to the mother.
TEE WORD "ELEGANT."
The American ies have also receiv
ed into their ever ay English,language
many other Frenc ' expressions which
the English employ rarely, or give a
different meaning to. Thus, they have a
remarkable propensity for the term "ele
gant." It has grown one of their favor
ite words, which they incessantly repeat,
and whose broad and various application
is no little characteristic of them. Eng
lish ladies generally apply this word,
borrowed from the French, to articles
of luxury, to products of the lower
branches of art where it is in its place,
and means so much as "pleasing in ex
terior and form." English ladies would
never think of expressing their pleasure
with things of greater internal value,
which must be guaged by a higher stand
ard, by employing the trivial expression
“very elegant." Only American ladies
do this ; they describe as elegant the
toilette and amiable behavior of their
beaux, equal with the garnish furniture
of a room all glistening with ormolu and
enamel. For the pretty verses an ador
er lays at their feet, they have, too, no
higher praise than that they are "very
elegant, very elegant indeed." They
also call the speech of a high standing
political orator "very elegant." A flow
er in a garden bed, the fragrant lily, or
the regal rose, is only called by them
"an elegant flower." Even a picture by
Rafaelle or Correggio receives,in the
outburst of their enthusiasm no other
attribute ; if they return from Switzer
land and are asked what they have Been
3D116 - 1.,r a -Year_
amid the Alps, they praise the "elegant
scenery" of the mountains. This un
lucky word, and the mare unlucky pre
dilection for the elegant, which is met
with at every step among American
ladies, is, so deeply rooted in them, that
they have extended the territory of the
word to extraordinary lengths, both up
wards and downwards. For instance,
going downwards, thei will talk of an
"elegant dish" they have eaten ; and
going upwards, what we call a good or
classical taste, is generally characterized
by them as an ''elegant taste."
LADIES IN PUBLIC.
The Americans, comparing themselves
with other nations, are very proud of the
fact that "ladies" hold so high a position
among them. But to. obtain this repu
tation and praise for their country is of
ten attended with very unpleasant con
`sequences. The ladies tyrannize over
the whole land, and interfere in every
thing. They can in no way be escaped,
and a man can scarce ever dispense with
their protection. Everywhere they take
the first and best places for themselves
and their proteges. That they should
play the prominent part in social circles
and parade' like birds of paradise by the
side of their husbands, whom they cast
into the shade, is not only natural, and
they cannot be blamed for it, but they,
extend their influence far beyond their
natural and domestic circle.
In the public popular lectures, which
gyre so,admired in all the cities of Amer
ica, the ladies almost entirely set the
fashion. A lecturer who displeases them
is a ruined man, even though he were
backed up by an army of men ; if on the
other hand, a handsome, smart lecturer,
fall of anecdote, gain their favor, he can
make his fortune with a few courses.—
,For what the fashionable ladies of one
"tattoo lave heard those of anther also
wish to hear, and such a lecturer re
ceives invitations from the most remote
The town libraries, museums, observa
tories, and other public scientific institu
tions are visited by crowds of ladies, who
flutter through them. They are the ter
ror of librarians and friends of literature,
who wish to bury themselves in their
studies. To please the ladies all such
public institutions in the United States
must, like the ladies themselves, assume
a very elegant garb, and much money
must be laid out for striking curiosities,
which are speedily brought into a
wretched condition by the numerous
fingers, and by the ladies digging valu
able specimens with their parasol fer
rules. Very naturally they bring with
them their beaux, and carry on their
flirtatious there, as if they were at an
evening piirty, They take the observa
tories by storm, and compel the polite
astronomer, who is prevented from mak
ing serious observations, to point them
out Jupiter's satellites or Saturn's rings.
But even in the presence of the planets
which should fill them with sacred awe,
they do . not break off for a moment the
thread of their flirtations, Unhappily—
and this is even worse—those lovely
ladies hare interfered - by Hocks in the
labors of literature, The European
discovers on the banks of the Ohio
or Mississippi an astounding number
for celebrated poetesses and roman
cers whom he never heard of before,
and this American crinoline literary
cohort constantly pours fresh water on
old tea-leaves, and swamps the book
market with a fearfully inspied beverage.
At times, too, they make their aprear
ance as street preachers, and always
play a great part in the intrigues of the
VIE PRIVILEGED SEX
On board the steamers, and in the
other modes of communication through
out the country, the ladies have every
sort of privilige. On the railways they
exert a vigorous right of appropriation
over the gentleman, even should he
have taken his seat at a previous station.
On many other occasions, such as at the
theatres, in the galleries of the louse,
or whereever there may be anything to
be seen or heard, the "lord of creation"
can never feel safe in his seat, however
early he may have taken possession of
it. If any one tap him on the shoulder
and whisper in his ear the words of ter
ror, "A lady," he must spring up at once,
and is swept aside like dust by the cri
noline, to seek another seat where he
And yet it would not be impossible to
enduie all this, and more, if the ladies
united with their authority, gracious
ness ands pleasant ehoW of gratitude,
and if they—the petted and the blames
—did not regard all the services and
indulgence of the men with such indiffer
ence, and as a tribute necessarily theirs.
Generally, however, they behave as if
the men did 'nothing but their duty.—
You may dislocate your spine in pick
ing up anything a lady has let fall, or,
like Raleigh, lay down your coat before
her—so that she may pass dryshod over
a puddle—and rarely will, you be re
warded even,by a smile. And all this
robs the weaker sex of its• sweetest
charms, the gentle and irresistable pow
er by which it elsewhere enchains and
thralls the heart of man. Among us
the stronger being bows to woman, and
the weak darling, conscious of her need
and support, rewards him with her
gratitude. But, in America, Fridolin
does his duty like a negro slave, and, of
course, now and then grows weary of
the affair. It is not unfrequent to hear
the chivalrous Americans, when out of
their wives' earshot, indulge in the most
awful declarations of rebellion.
THE roOD. iiusßaxDs
In America this terrible degenerated
reverence for women, Which might be
called more truly pampering and spoil
ing, is naturally felt most by the hus
bands, who have entered upon a life-long
slavery. If a lovely American girl sinks
into the arms of a man, to be bound to
him for life, she does so much in the
same way as she throws herself into her
easy chair. Marriage is her pillow, her
sofa, on which she intends henceforth to
repose, Upon it she , confidently throws
all the burden of her cares and troubles ;
she regards the husband as her factotum,
who has to provide for all her wants.—
fie must procure her a house according
to her fancy, he must furnish this house
exactly as she wishes it, he must arrange,
and administer kitchen and cellar—and
even go every morning before breakfast
to make the necessary purchases for the
day's meals. Even in Washington you
may at times see Senators, statesmen
renowned in the world, and influential
in the papers, hurrying to market at an
early hour, with a basket on their arm,
and carrying home salad, parsly, green
peas, strawberries, or other vegetable
produce. Even farmer's wives often
hold themselves much too high for busi
ness of this sort, and scenes of the fol
lowing nature may be seen at market
A young farmer's wife I once saw sitting
in a little one-horse chaise and holding
the reins. In her elegant dress she
could not, of course, be expected to go
into the dust and con lesion of the market,
so she had sent off her husband. He
was busy among the stalls, like a swol
low collecting insects for its young,
and presently appeared again laden with
all sorts of boxes and parcels. These
the farmer's wife naturally could not
take on her silk lap, so the husband had
to hold them carefully in the chaise.
The author says in conclusion
" I have mainly kept in sight .the
upper strata of society, which, sink very
deep, as will have been seen, in Ameri
ca. I need hardly add that in this
great land, though it is extremely uni
form, there are many shades of character
among rich and poor, in towns and in
the country, into which I cannot enter
so fully as I could wish. There are
entire districts—as, for instance, in the
smaller towns of New England—where
the female population, although some
what infected by the general tint, is
most respectable, pious and domesti
cated. Moreover, this pampering of the
women, which I have criticised, bas its
good side, as, for instance, this : that
American women who display so little
innate reverence for old age or for talent,
or for other things elsewhere highly es
teemed, have in their wives at least'
something they venerate, and which,
under given circumstances, may hold
them in check."
Need we say to our lady readers, who
have carefully perused Mr. Kobn's criti
cism, that we dont believe a word of it?
ga - Learn in childhood, if you can,
that happinnss is not outside, but inside.
A good heart and a clear conscience
bring happiness, which no riches and
no circumstances ever do.
Congress has authorized the ap
pointment of two Assistant Secretaries
of War, at a salary of $3,000, for the
term of ono year.
gir He who puts a bad construction
upon a good act, reveals his own wicked
ness at heart.
com It is less pain to learn in youth
than to be ignorant in age.
Origin of Plants.
Celery originated in Germany.
The chestnut came from - Italy.
The onion originated in Egypt.
Tobacco is a native of Virginia.
The nettle is a native of Europe.
The citron las native of Gnaw.
The pine is a native of America.
The poppy originated in the East.
Oats originated in North America.
Eye came Offtilially from Siberia.
Parsley was first known in Sardinia.
The pear and apple are from Europe.
Spinach was first cultivated in Arabia.
The Sunflower was brought from Peru.
The mulberry tree originated in Per
sia. r: .7
The walnut and peach came from
The horse-chemint is a native of Thibet.
The cucumber came from the East
The radish is a native of China and
The quince came from the Island of
peas are supposed to be of Egyptian
The garden beans came from the East
Horseradish came fiom the south of
The coriander grows wild near the
The Jerusalem artichoke is txtrazilian
Hemp is a native of Persia and the
The cranberry is a nativd of Europe
The parsnip is supposed to bea native
The potato is a well-known native. of
Peru and Mexico.
The currant and gooseberry came from
Rape seed and cabbage grows wild in
Sicily and Naples.
Buckwheat came originally from Si•
beria and Tartary,
Barley was found in the mountains of
DEATH OP JOHN TYCER.—Ex-Presi
dent John Tyler died in Richmond, Vir
ginia, on Friday night 17th - ult. • He was
born in Charles county; Va.; on the 29th
of March, 1790, and at'the age of nine
teen was admitted to the bar. Two
years afterwards he was choseil a rriem-'
ber of Virginia Legislature. In 1815,
when, by the death of the Hen. John
Clopton, a .vacancy occnred in the re
presentation in Congress in the Rich
mond district, Mr. Tyler was elected 'to
that position, in which he continued
'tilll.B2l. In Dedernber 1825, the Gub
ernaterial term of Mt. Pleasants expired
and Mr. Tyler was chosen his successor.
He continued to fill that office till 1827,
when he was chosen by the Legislature
to fill the office of United Stetee Senator,
made vacant by the expiration of the
term of the Hon. John Randolph.—
He was very early noted for his oppos
ition to the principal, measures of Gen.
Jackson's Administration; and when the
Force bill was before the Senate,, he op
posed it in an animated speech. After
a lengthened debate, the bill was passed,
Mr. Tyler being the only Senator who
recorded his vote in the negative ;' the
other opponents of the measure having
absented themselves from the Senate
Chamber while it was being adopted.—
In 1833, he was re-elected to the Sen
ate, but he resigned before his term ex
pired, and returned to his borne in Vir
ginia. In 1840, he was 'elected by the
Whig party, Vice President of the
United States, and on the death of
President Harrison, in April, 1841, he
succeeded him to the office of President.
His disagreements with that party on
the bank question, are familier to all
our readers. At the close of his term,
he retired to his mansion, near Fortress
Monroe, where he resided when the
present rebellion broke out. In 1861,
Mr. Tyler was appointed ,by Governor
Letcher, one of the Virginian delegates
to the so-called Peace Congress, con
vened in Washington. He was elected
President of that body, and although,
during its sessions, he professed to be
an ardent friend of the Union; ho 'early
distinguished. himself as one of the most
active instigators of the existing rebel
lion. On the adjournment of the Place
Congress, be-repaired to Virginia, and
was elected one of her representatives
to the Rebel Congress. In that body
he exerted all his influence to keep
State in a hostile attitude to the Fede
al Government. He was seven, -4
years old when he died, and
wife and several children, byr.a..
his marriages, among whom a
Tyler and John Tyler, Jr., %z e d, and.
resided in this city.—Forneik Tea
j "Ple ba-
" BILLY" WILSON'S
" Billy Wilson's mem," were encanil
at Staten Island we one day visited the
camp, and heard the following narrative
by an officer : "I saw a fellow try. the
other day to break guard. The, senti
nal on duty remonstrated with him, but
finding that•the intruder' was obstinate
and persisted in breaking threugh,:he
carefully laid down his gob." " What !
was he afraid ?" " Not a tit of it. He
went to work with his•fiits and polished
off the fellow in grand styly. He hadn't
got used, he said, to military weepins."
cpbs A Tanner's Arousement.---"Hitio
and go seek"---for more.