Newspaper Page Text
~ . .R•c01c.,,r.:2; • a.0:Ta,.4,,.
;,:i . C . !ii...; Y r 1 3 ,, , , ,,.. , Itl
...113.;. , -,
~r. 4-, _
, :iti); :: toptieTt abuocatc.
'"- lierb;l 4l o 4 Sii*
toss. SEPT. !LAMM
' 4— V I W. CARR; *Thislliiit;AA
•Aseastof Third .
kW* , oi*"d.'oo 6-65 * . ' 6 , 04144
>lllliCLUili 11011111110 i
NOR CANAL CONNLISAIONNN,
1 .15%• - • • ' •• • ' •
.31ORRIs.lioNGs.TRET.g, ' „
.• . •
- .ROBEItTIt.'I4II-TLE,. •
E . . P.: FARNHAM,
; 5 .` ?OR rit.p.wietze,
6 '."""'' HARVEY TYLER,
of Bridger ater
• rote . 06411111011,
. of Ceetere eo.
JOSEPH W. PATTON,
of Comber/mid co.. '
• of Semis. en.
of Wyoming co
AMOS B. MOTT,
PI LANDEIt LINES,
ELECTI9II-TUEBBIT, OCTOBER 1?, 1847.
The "Democratic' Review" for Sep
temher has been received, and under its new
management fully sustains its former good
reputation. Published by John W. Moore,
170 Broadway, New York, at $3 00 per
' rr We acknowledge tbereceif i lA„kb . . -
•-fmis-.4wift4"..-: 41 4 7 .**PJ :14 z.- 44 sw* ww. ... frario=
.„,;eN4t , .. - jeklitiseeNV,lry . C.: M. Saxton, 205
Broadway, New York, at $3 00 per year.
'Tbe " Architect" is conducted by an associ
. ation of practical Arebitscts of New York
City, with the avowed and laudable object
of improving the Rural Architecture of our
-Camay. Each of thcfair numbers on our
Contain c)epnt lithgraphic designs,
with apecificatio' ns, &c. for Cottages.
Cr An omission occurred in our paper of
burt week in the list of Premiums to be
-wweided at the Cattle Show and Fair to be
linliheit in this Borough on the 19th of °eta
`bee:text, to wit : $5 O 9 for the best pa r r of
Oxen, .and $3 00 for the best pair of Steers.
:We cordially inirite the attention of our rea- .
.aeis to the -notice of the Executive Commit:
c tee, in another column. it would seem that
every Farmer and Mechanic in the county
,would need noprompting to co-operate with
ai enterprise - designed expressly to advance
- 'their interests and welfare, and promote the
' prosperity of the community. Those of our
Citizens who have travelled over the North
:ern and Me.stern States within the hist few
years, may have seen and felt what Agrical
--tairaltssociition has done--ihat it may do.
The - Society recently formed in - this county
promises well—the names of the gentlemen
„connected, with it forbid the idea of a retro-
Apule movement—it must go °errant, increas
strength and usefulness.,
*lke Late Ba*Ues.
We g ive ur readers this week Bach ad-
slitismal parlietdois.stud details as we have
°-roeised of the late Woody affairs at the city
#'lifettico; also ibe tenntrof the'armistice,
:'ent . the ' .1111: of Santa Anne, giving
!Ailysiceontitof the hattlem It will be seen
thit.Snitilt Aim* is Obliged .to neknowledge
;..-aodereat this time, but'.exculpates • himself
"Os wind holm-all blame whatsoever, saddling
v lbe *We- upon Ifirie#Oit,'_ who, had cont
-I*i" of 4 .4- id
N. e.e.44,i,vii 4 4,. 4 :41Pliigi
fivoiltboitof the .. o.:Tirtbef up tint Vales-
Ististinte drunk .dming the engagement;' and
-, i :Ito mbar to wase aheit i - 1 1 6 dio4ki
.. 3f ,.. ' ''-
itiiii Si ef,iiii=Diviieliii. - fidi 4bt
,ts :iii,svii l i e urge iiiaiO6 -with 'lewd
V - r
. voiiifendato,itodlthimisidertles_ beset tie
ire Will"8/4-1612611r-1.111144.4/1/114nWit often.
"tk; lll ,'- i , :` ---;11--,..
1 • <.,- ; ;Z: : v ,' ,
.r-0 NOLM I IO 4 .O a- Stilliibus..
vallilltlitalifet.H,Pell- Seat ;11440
0 14! 1 ,"1,1 : :11, 'i!isiseiat — D4- ., 'of
, # l *S.*:, l o l,i ,ci;# o # °46 0 1*
4 " ***4 l : l i i t:**o4il,l 4 4 4° P* 4 :':a
;I#44 l4 ****o 4 0111 A 0 # 4 ‘* 140 -we
ii 6 1 01 ,* 0 a11e0 11 .041 11114 - -0 a- 6 -
-4 . 1 0 00 . 111, A .02 40 000 161 00istetn•
to*, iiiik"frio OM *Orsifibilk#l4ow
3===fl==M:= l ==
, • vir----T-qvi- . > ----- gi , ----.
ally before the ptyitc.pli : /hk u
ve serclied Os
the public eiiittiti,,Owhi ::: 'iwith fearful eg
fusion of itioi pßitt...:lPo•olo 6 of *
capital. Tliiiiitile trid'aiti : o oigio 11/-Inattiii
ofvenoltititnii with mangy!
,but we hoe no
doubthut thiit the carer teneis tufty
ranted hint i n the emir" e eho*Uitignie.
The - piellusititilfailtiiiiiii AiiiiiriAstite to
tVb`F i n i r li * writt:iiiielill *ion the midst
oittife'bloOdiuld4ietik l l4 the struggle
1 .04 1 _4 11 1 4 :4 4 44 1 +- . . - -40rii.sOutw 1 00 -41 *
'more iiiteleite , thlwaely;efficial correspon
dence we • hittoltera ; silaaestho commence
ment of the Way. ' 11Hatti commanding . t -it - • t
era's of the pppOpg:# . tatas.toeeteed• over
whehtteAl wick ;the sa i d ~ lercirk. they' were do
ing, e*tise4pirit ofietiacFssicat manifested
in the eorremixtedente, - t" Adhered! . to, will
,certainlrreselt in a pea 1 , '
..The tiv4ie:i,',Orthe 1 tiilinit.,p6iblishes a
complete list of the ki ell, wounded and
missing - in the armyunder*enAiiiiott at the
late battles before the City !of Mei4co. It is
a fearful' reakin • roll, au' would' occupy
if published ' nearly a page 4. ptir i paper.—
The killetl -semi -tnartally w l isueded 'lin prob
ably not fall: far short 0f1300.--From . the
published list we condense the following ag
gregate : 1
Gen. WO 611 1 ii division; 37 266 10
Gen. Twiges do. 19 M 12
Second firignde 23 '126, - 4
Engineer Company, ,! 14 1
Com. 11...15t - art. 2
Pillow's division , 12 135 4
Volt'r co's. • 26
S. C. Regiment, .• 13 3 124
Quitman's division, 16' 1 SS
Total; 7 18 i, .....
Making a !total :aggiegtqe of 1,027 killed,
wounded and missing. ; -
.CatECTION.•-•10111 the returns, it
seems probable that the Democrats have
carried alt four of the COngressional Dis
tricts, in wbieti case the I State will stand
represented Ly 1 Whig .4pd 4 Democrats,
same as non. Gov. Dana, Democrat, is
probably re-nlected. The Legislature ex
hibits large Democratic gains.. •
IMPORTANT larasott.—Peace with Mezi
co.—The New Orleans La Patria, the Del
ta of the 9th says, has late news from the
City of Mexico to the effect that articles of
peace had been signed by Mr. Trist and the
Cot.. Men:o.w, who was badly wounded
at Mexico, was the same gallant officer who,
at thi,hend of the Second Ohio volunteers,
defeated Urrea lass winter. He is quite a
young man and of great military talent.—
Col. Dickinson, of the South Carolina Regi
ment, who xras,womided, is the same officer
who was the'. first one wounded at Vera
Cruz; . ,
we„...t1 7 1,0-0, 9 2 the ,A I MIPAP -, i!.. d frO --
aitgei4aifig"..itbt -- Jerre , Get r Bopping
died striker on the Ist inst and his bri
gade hes in consequence been :broken Cip.
Gen. Luntiss 4 14igade would ',probably em
bark on the Elth inst., at the *axes, for Ve
ra Cruz. Get 4 Cushing waacconcentrating
his brigade at khe camp near Pilo Alto.—
the loss of tbeiMezicans at the late battles,
is now ascertained to be 15,00, killed, woun
ded and atissing—probably the latter casu
[ covers. the greater part orthem.
13P The New York Stant Agricultural
Fair commeheed at Saratoga on, the 14th •
inst. The Heporter of the. N: Y. Herald
gives a, lengt iy and spirited description of .
the doings at the. Fair tiuring„thei first three
days. Among. the great men-there,' besides
the 'members•of the Legislature and the nu
tnerhos distinguished citizens of New York,
he mentions 'eiii'residents Van Buren and
Tyler, Li0n..03. 1 L. Elisyortb, Thee. Sedg
wick, J. R: Livingston, Geo. Tom Thumb,
cuddle " Razor, Strop Kan.:"'Oa the 16th
Senator .Dislreid the Address prePared by .
tbelatnentediGnv. Wright, , prefacing it with
a'sbort but raostexcellent speech. , We will
find room for this speech and address in a
future atittitiertorour paper. Thel . collection
of stock, ilic l HfOr exhibition, is *said to- ave
been .on a magnificent 'scale. ,
, From the PAblic Ledger.
A:Th.ll4 *nate iteasslalip Britansata.
The atettritship '-' Britannia arrived it Bos
ton on the 10th about 4 o'clock,' and' in the
course of the day the following deepatch Was .
received F§Y• telegraph !front our Hondo cOr
reaponde4 ' t •
A gradittlarnward tendency is Percept
ihielh, th e • • market; with but little hope*
of reanitniti4t 1 A large busineei, bitwerer,:
continues tO l he.doee in wheat and flour, but;
*at declin't g : rates,' mainly influenced by
large ii! ' titi•both 'of (the lime arid fareilei
-daeri s, i- The 'home birreitsie !Oohed
tifon - a 0 seCnii. and, the Crops generally are
ttititidertd S' ' be'' a 'fall'averegec and other'
iiirideeitt'it tilt deffipient either' iii quility Or .
iiiii&tt i Th# Oe.lielit TiortgtiOnigion'orbe .
,regarded ditilii,..._)nininut, *int- l''" ' ' "
,' ' The' iinithi ' - errrihte. - Wed , i'fr, Cof/tof
'which" 'tall** was of WedO#ViY;'4o-...
iiiteir,?foOKOY' l3, rtna;Gtiosey dr; Co.,
'wereihn Tiiitialirry, that &tile:
`Or =P rim e , Il i flirrit. OW" Xotwibiitithefing
'that die ' . ' bike ".. — god ably.
-ay iiii - " "-, " Ofthw last iKumilbiti,,
$ 'fa* - - ALIO Weil :l4 o 16410 . 111 .
:efiaMiate ' ,7 4"tedeefloiluiktirejr,
.1 4 iititilig t— 'bralidc ' *ale Od 4 1 iiiu-'
ikii i aisin
i"' l4 '
M mt O w.
`4 'Or --.-
it ,ii)k - il4
.1 . 01 f r:
tinteptinwio aid the; ponti6Cial
war Must. jinni
-100 the'kustiiin driality i 4 Italy.
-- ---.! ! • ' Fmm the N: Y. Herald.
I FURTOIE I I FIN* BIE.XICO.
1;i , ,' r ' i ' ' ' ' :' ' •
The Nostr Odeon, 'Picayune of tne- 9th
jthOsoto,q o l,4l.l. 4..vrieit. of A,Wira EPA) 10 1 z...
TiOnitill, together. filth the list of kilted and
ini,tirded - inulaith'battles: . i '
-''The,li:e Voii tigiinent of voNnteers
iiiiid one h ul itd and three men killed and
itt- ° ik h, didl gi: otiC
Te eof lasi' of the. Amitricans was
Suitable(' in'the attack upon "what Santa
called' hts ' Isitotid , rifle. No Yeefinnoisance
of i this - stran i g ' poiiition . of the enemy having
been Madeil anti the brilliant' sticeess of the
miiinink hitting inspired. our troops to the
'utmost' deee, of enthusiasm, they rushed
pei M l melt in ii ibe position inast riXposed, and
were ow' Own by hundreds:
Out of he six .thousand Americans en
gaged in ' fight; the loss , f 4113 but little
shot. of &Pm , kindred. - , g
. ' When thh works of the enetni came to be
person naturally wonders that '
Gin. Scott' entira force was notiswept away. '
Howeier; Place them in the slime position
in' , which ' t e enemy was, and there 'were
never end 1
'Mexicans born to drive them
A seCon&letter front Mr: Kendall, dated
Tacubitya,lAugust 25th, states that the ar
mistice had produced universal dissatisfac
tion in the Isrmy ; it being regarded as one
orthe old tricks of Santa Anna;to gain time,
-forthe purposti of planning some "new scheme
of trickery and dissimulation.
Mr. K. ii natibf the opinion 4hat.ab hon
orable_ pea! , Will groW out of if, and in this
belief he is)oined by many (deers in the ar
my. Be alleges that the who% matter was
planned by' the British Minister; who backs
Santa Anna in his course.
It is reported that . Generals !Paredes and
Itustamente, are both approaching the cap
ital from different directions, ;each with a
strong force, and breathing death and de
strcoiton to the Americans.
The nuniber of deserters and other for
eigners found fighting against us, and now
taken prison ers; is seventy-two. A court
martial, with Col. Garland as President,
was in session for the trial of these precious
rascals, and it was thought that full justice
would be meted out to them. Ki ley, the
Irish deserter who commanded them, open-'
ly unikes his boasts of what he has dune,
and says that he expects no mercy ;
Gen. Scott was himself wounded by a'
grape shot, which struck him on the outside
of the leg, below the knee. He experienced
so little pain from it, however; at the time,
that he said nothing about it, but it has since
become inflamed, and caused him mueh un
Three members of the Mexican Congress
Were taken prisoners, but they were libera
ted, in order that they might take part in the
deliberations of that body, relative to the
question of peace. . •
Another letter from. Mr. Kendakilate4
the 26th ult., states that pOsit w ukttiforik aid ation
that Gen. Valencia, had, ith his de
o sp, , Arrived *O. Toluca, and was in a state
kintiebrltitinti. - It is also averred, that he
was even drunk at the time of his engage
ment with the Americans. •
The prospects of peace looki more bright
than previously. The 'Mexican: ildiers have
returned, crest fallen, to their 4 mes, many
of them having fled from the Id like pol
troons, before they received a shot.
The panic of the enemy was so great on
the 20th ult., that . the weakeit American
regiment could haVe entered the Grand Pia
in of their capital, without any fear of op
There are many rumors from the city,
one of which re - present Santa Anna to be ,
huffily engaged in throwing up breastworks
and Constructing batteries. Borne imagine
that these are to be manned by the Ameri
can soldiery, -who will defend him against
the attacks of those of his own countrymen,
who may ,be disposed to oppose him in his
endeavors to effect a peace.
6eneral Sahib acknowledge* that he was
totally routed, but blames Torrejon with
hating fled the field, and by such conduct
causing his defeat. He also says that Gen.
Valencia ran off at the commeotement of the
The banners Of the Foreign Legion were I
captured by the 13th infantry.: Referring to
one of the banners, Mr. Ketidall thus de
scribes its appearance :--It is of green silk,
'and has on one tide'il harp, surmounted by'
the Mexican coat of arms, with a scroll, in '
watch:is painted " Libertad par la republica
*xicaria,' underneath a harp, with the'
Motto, Erin go Bragh." On 'The other side
is a painting of a badly executed figure,
made to represent' SC.Patrick; who holds
in 'his left hand 'A key,' and his , right
crook, or staff, resting on a Serpent. Un- '
d'erneath this is painted " Saa'Patricio.".—
To the credit of 'the in the .Atnerican !
ranks, be it said, that they are the inudest
in' denunciation of 'the' Miserable "wretches
wbb 'fought alld killed do many Americana
under the-abgre flag! Mr. K., says be does
not know whet disposition'willhe made with ,
the_prismiers 'taken belonging to this "For
eign Legion," hut he supposes hey will get
off rather, easily.
Mr. Tr)st *said to be much pleised with
I We - Peace negotiations far 'as they &ire
gre°!o" 4 • •
' said bS , ticinie - thaferei r i thing is o
. , g
smoothly the peeee,Cwqrniggion
.et;f ;' but by others , a 'very different opinion
irks expressed. " ' 'a•
' In 'the City 1:;4f Mekico the hope id indulged
I that t h e Commissioners will agree upon the'
tlfueced Sir a &punditry . line - *Title two god erninetits
"" A trans Of r . ,ar . noni entered. the capita] on
Ise 20t6i.0tt.w . . to -
1? *here' - they
atiickail ), a iabble , with rilarieri;'and
Aliien7Oatiiir Sie Thi **Win guard;
1 - 410,iitihatilieyhdid a' run lltititiledge 'of
i 0 , 46' aimistice. i , Anna
. to n. Scott for'
ter. filth iiiiii ihtirthe mat.
who Meanly's:coped from
itairof Cie* Haig' in the
4masikageii Wu in. that
snide lila • aid
Cassius, MK 'Clay 4 all thcfother tt-_,
..._ , , • , . ,
era were 444 ta be elute& •••••
The Picayune recalla\the opiniim w hich
it • eOreased; that the ' .ettpliat wits at the
mercy of}-Gin. Sceit,!itutsajta it memo • tit
have been entirely optional with him wheth
er he marched in and took possession of not.
The following are the terms of the sritni•
sties agrePd f G by the commantling Generals
of the opposing Armies at Mexico :
—the three first by Major General Witifield
Scott, cninmander4ii-chief of the armies .of
the United States'; 'and the two Last by his.
excellency 'D. Antonio Lopez de Santa An
na, President of the Mexican; republic and
'commander-in-chief of its armies, met with
full power, Which was dilly verified in the
village of Tacubaya, on thee.. 24 day of Au-
Anst, 1847, to enter into nn armistice, for
the purpose of giving the Mexican govern
ment an opportunity of receiving proposi
tions for peace from the commissioner up:
pointed by the President of the United
States, and now with the American army ;
when the following articles were agreed up
Art. 1. Hostilities shall instantly anti ob
solutely cease between the armies of the
United States of America and the United
Mexican States, within thirty leagues of the
capital of the latter States, to allow time for
the commissioners appointed by the United
States and the commissioners to be appoint-
ed by the Mexican Republic, to negotiate.
'2. This armistice shall continue as long
as the commissioners of the two governments
may be engaged in negotiations, or until the
commander of either of the said armies sh'all
give formal notice to the other of the cessa
tion of the armistice, and for forty-eight hours
after soch notice.
3. In the meantime, neither army
within thirty leagues of the city of Mexico,
commence any new fortification, or military
work of offence or defence, or do anythi ng
to enlarge or strengthen any existing wort:
otfortifilatitin of that character, within the
'4. Neither army shall be reinforced. with
in the same. Any reinforcements of troops
or munitions of war, other than subsistence
now approaching either army, shall he stop
ped at the distance of twenty-eig h t leagues
from the city of Mexico.
5. Neither army, nor any detachment' tented !which the commissioneriof the Pres
from it, shall advance beyond the line it at ! ident of the United States may make for the
present occupies_ • ; honorithie terminatien of the war.
6. Neither nrmy, nor any detachment I Accordingly, the President, commander
or individual of either, shall pass the neutral •directs the to say to you that he
limits established by the last article, except i accepts the propositions to enter into an or
under flags of truce bearing the correspon- ntistice, and for this purpose he has appoint
dence between the two armies, or on husi-led the .Brigadier Generals D. Ignacio Mo
ness authorized by the next article ; and in- I ray 'Vihanti! and D. Benito %niacin, who
dividuals of either army who may chance to ! wilt he present at the time and 'place which
straggle within the neutral limits, shall, by ! may be designated. I • I
the apposite party, he kindly warned off or I • His Excehency also instructed ate tocorn. I
sent hack to their own armies under flags of munieate his satisfaction that yOu should oc-
truce, I cupy • convenient. and fitting, quarters, trust-;
7. The ,American army shall not by vin- im.tand hoping that they will be out of reach
hence obstruct the passage from the open (tithe Mexican fortifications_ i.•
country into the city of Mexico, of the cirdi- I I -have the honor to be, withihigh consid
nary supplies of food - necessary to the con- ! eration and respect, your Excellency's mu s t
sumption of its inhabitants, or the Mexicali Obedient s.ervant, At,CORTA.
army within the city ; nor shall the Mexican Tbfrsame day, Seno - i- Pacheco, Secretn,
civil or military , d " t. I ry ksited , the_Xplio.whor.stuthlootta.
obstruct the passage of supplies from til4.!. t for the assyttiblintt ttrratittressi:—
city, or the country, needed by the Ameri- AhNISTRT OF INTERNAL AND: FOREIGN
R MATO - NS, Mexico, Aug. 21,'47. lI
Most Excellent Mexicans, but
8. All American 'prisoners of wilt remain
inir in the hands of the Mexican arniy, and
tint heretofore exchanged, shall immediately,
or as soon aS‘racticatile, be restored' to-the
American army against alike number, hat--
ing regard to rank, of Mexican prisoners
captured by the American ermv.
9. All American citizens who were estab
lished in the city of Mexico prior to the ex
isting war, and who have since been expe•ll
ed from that city, shall be allowed to return
to their respective business or families there
in, without delay or molestation.
10. The better to allow the beligerent nr-
Mies to execute these articles, and to favor
the great object of peace, it is further agreed
between the parties, thut any courier with
despatches that either army shall desire to
send along the line from the city of Mexico
or its vicinity, to and from Vera Crtil, shall
receive a safe conduct from the comtimnder
of the opposing army.
11. Tla. adrninistratiOn of justice between
Mexicans, according to the general and
state constitutions and laws, by the focal au
thorities of town's and places occupied by the
American forces shall not be-obstructed
13. Persons and property shall he respect
.ed in towns and places occupied by the
American forces. No person shall be me : ,
tested in the exercise of his profession ; .no .
shall the service of any one be required with
out his consent. In all cases ivhere services
are voluntarily rendered a just price shall he
paid, and trade remain unmolested. • -
13. Those wounded prisoners who may
desire to remove io some more convenient
place for-the purpose of being cured of their
wounds, shall be allowed• to do so, without
molestation, they 4611 remaining prisoners.
14. Those Mexican medical officers Who
may wish to attend the wounded, shall have
the priv ilege of doing so, if their servineli are
required. ; . .
15. For the more Perfect execution of:this
agreement, two commissioners shall be ap
pointed, one by each party, who in ease of
disagreemenxshall appoint a third.
16. This convention shall have no force
or effect unless apprOved by their excellen
cies the commanders respectively of the .two
armies within twenty-four hours, reckoning
from the sixth lour , or the 23d day pf ;Au
gust, 1847. A. QUITMAN,
hlaj. Gen. U. S. A.
'• PERSIFER F. 5h1.13.11.
Bet.,Brig.,Gen. U. S. A.
. FRANKLIN PIERCE„
. • ' Brig Gen. U. S. A.
IGNACIO DE-iItORA Y VILAMII., -
, BENITO QULIANO. , • 1 ,
t. • A true of the original. • -. i - 0
, • - . G. , W..LAY-, U;Si '., 1. -
1 • . . .I: Mil.Bec. to the Geoertil-in•C let,
iiironiriwr rtrauc zoctilIZIVTl4-IrriC 'Milli
Tri'thelreper' eiticidition of theligtirit
'with Which the recent atintitice was ehtered
into before General Scott and Santa Anna,
`we - annex' "eyeful i in pane it' deennien ie.
• - Thielolletihig aro this fetter addreetwed by
'Gen. Scottwi Santa-Anne; tendering lin 'ar
,i - - - ' ' • 'j ...;- • 1
~ : lizApektArit4el 01P TN* Alan U:131 :A4
. - COYPlialis . Atigtlirt2lll4 1 18417 r 4 .'1
To his ExcollorictiloetraidatinsitOtor•
erishitltEltiefa tl dlirepablic
Sir; Too mu ch .:tililiod"::4lll•already been
shed in his nnatittiril war betWeett the two
greet Republica dulls estiotineat. It is time
the differeaCes lastsieen diem skould•be am:
icably and honorably settled, and it is known
to your Excellency that a Comitiissidner on
thtt Part cif the United States, Clothed. with
full power to, that end, is with tke army. To
enable the two Republica to enter on nego
tiations, I aro irillingtto? sign;. ret 4 sio9able
terms, a she'll armistice. • '
row morning 'for a direct auswerto this. com
munication ; f but shall, in the meantime,
seize and occupy such positibus Outside '4f
the capital ad I deem necessary to the shel
ter and comfort of this army. • •
' I huvie l the :honor to
, rernoin i. rith high
consideration; and respect, your excellency's
most obedienl. servant,
To this letter a-reply was returned by•the
Mexican Secretary , of War, 4 . which the
following E is a hasty .version;
MINISTRY OR WAR AND 111ARIND,
Mexico, Aug. 2lst, !SO.
To Hjs Excellency, Gen. Winfield Scott, .
Cori/mender-in-chief of the Artny of the
U. $ 4 America. •
Sir The undersigned, Minister of War
and *rile of the Govertuncollotthe_pui
ted Stales of, Mexico, is instructed by his
Excellency the President, Cothmander-in-
Chiefoo reply to your commonication, in
whichlyou propose to enter into an armistice,
with is view to avoid the further, shedding of
blood between the two grearrepnblicaor This
continent, fur the purpose of ;hearing the
propositions which may be mode .for this
purpose by the commissionerjot hisexcel
lency the President of the United States of
Atneriba, who is at the headquarters, of the
• It is certainly lamentable, that in conse
, qence oh the disregard of the nights of the
blextedn Republic, the shedding of blood
I h as Wqoine inevitable between the-first Re
publica; of the A merican continent; and your
Excellendy with g reat propriety qualifies this
I war as • unatural, as well on ancount of . its
origin as the antecedents of two,peopleiden
tified by their relations and their interests.
The propositions of an armistice has been
I received with pleasure by his :Excellency
the President, Commander-in4Chief, as it
I wily enable the propositions to be enter-
especially the inhabitants of 'This• capital,
have been witness to the extraordinary ex:
ertiolea whidh have helm made by his :Excel
'Niel, the Provisional President to colleetan
Army 'capable of meeting that bithe United
States, and restoring the lustre• of the arms!
of the republic.. They are witness also that,
he has fought with intrepidity, exposing his
awn life, until the moment when the victory I ;
was lost, and the -enemy was Ot the Mites of 1
In these eireumstances, and When. the nu
merous inhabitants of Mexico have made
every kind Ik" sacrifice to cant on-'the war,
it is One of the most imperious duties of "the
First Magistrate to prevent the calamitiei
ihseperable from an assault, add to,avoiet all
the consepiences of a violent Occupation 'of
the city. - To this end, and, in the ere ercise
df his constitutional powers, and is conform ,
ity to the wishes of Congress communicated
tb him on the 16th July last, Ibe has deter
mined to hear the propositions 'which-Mr.
Nicholas Trist_hasi to make tin the part of
the Coked States, - 'and to consent that in the
Meantime there shall be a sitspiinsinn of hoe-
As the question is of the utmost, interest
to the republic, His Excellency deSires that
tit national Congress should take their ap
propriate part, and .accordingly lie directs
me to notify your Excellency . t hat you may
take measures ditligently to isummon the
Deputies to assemble at 12 o'clnek to-day. ,
• 1 reiterate the assurance my distin
guished consideration. God mid fAiherty.
JOSE RAMON P4CHECO.•
From the 11i. Y. Herald.
Santa A nna'sn Nianifesto'i-411s 'Ex
, Pllassistioss, of this ir ecent !ilevenes.
Ai !some inconvenience to lourielves - 'live
4 1 .
lay before our. readers a 'rens) tion of Santa
Annaf,s Minifesto to the nun n; giving ing
version of the causes of hil eeent detest,'
ivhiett he does not affect to deny, and scarce.
ly extenuates. It is an interesting-document,
end Will'amply reward perusal '
Manifesto of the Provisional resident
4'onttnaader-in , Ciiief of t e Army. -
In Moments so critical and lentn, it be
comes the duty of him who resides over
the destinies of the republic, to give publici
ty to the recent events, rind I ' utoply With
pleastre, as candorhas at all ti es been the
I ebaraeter of my administration The inci
dents uf 190 i and 2,oth are teciotorinits,
bavitt* been ' disastnios ; but .I ion bound to
p i resevitacreVieW .of them, lest; liei should'
be misriiiresenteil lis much 17 the spirit of
deiratiitiini "itild mulevOlence, illy
'W,hiehltnay '' 'result front' a fel ' tinaliiic`of
ItitbliAtraire and•tssOtendent a mint. ''‘.'
f i Tint atitinn 'that whitened t '' , grent`'itnd
OirtieHlitar*'"eirorts with w ielii'; in'' the
`tip' ace ifif thine incintlii; I #repa f 4 for the de:
'fiitie of the ' capital , Which iiViti: on the . poivis
,'lmiionitereCtollte get tkr without
l i n
"risistionce. hive 'formed, S' ' i.ol - and 'e-
Iniped an a 7 of rafilli than ' 'veiny - thou;
41 4101' . 4iii ;'' haie'Provided 'it . - it- rnsferial
liii.!itti , 'l aim fii have fortified , 7 jot:lines,
c'tii ' inineTrian Meslnt e: ravage.
i" " ' tante etWated - ' ' ',._
.1 1 / 1 14p,iti ,
i . COnifitinif to '4l6 * knit - awn- 1
'. - itik.: Mid fir* . ''''' 404
,u , i. a capare I
and nti,lahor in order. to make - Otyliegilidl7,
appear - with dignity and .firmaneesaitlisiOo.
test to which it-was-,alitletiustlteirotoked.l
In, tear, en aceident,e thing,4,,,,,.
trifling, overthrows-the-',beii fors64 aistilii
nations.- -'A &oncost the 'difi i iiceii,ljiWalli I
estahlishedll:lUnd.theciti, in 00106* Nal&
coverihe'pleti,whinh 'I had Oi'iiii4lll4 :=A•.
.self, .TherfOices.whieliAl.hedilii4ll' ' -IP II %
one of the flanks, supptiried , -hrods66i i iisi
tioned at.:eoneerient diettiiivhavilattiiiint
to fall back„,49p
no ,`,)tiil kiiiiiiii - tot6litif: 4
Of which `I tieeiftliiiiiiWeiriti` .
To one general!. iihnr.,liiid command o a
strong division of 5.000 men, with; twee ;.
four pieces, of ,artillery, • and whole hesi
quarters were at the 'Plage of San, ittAL
sent Orders at 11 o!eloek.on themorniee .
the 18th, to fall
,beek upon iiii.coliiltlii,-,
yoacan, in order to,' ;form
ifir.cet, following the milvenietili! Otri*keztt
inulyar'lywit'oicuhnwfoelrdelna'llrPitn'e:fidaif 11:114: But
Pcrg,i...mvthis general,,forgettingthat no3Wato_ ell.; *
command in a field . of battle, and' flint; o r
the, execution of a plan sioobiertiititin'w el .
may annul or retard it can he adinititit''
upon himself to .. object
,to the ordeis;v - Pitill
lie had received; and tut,ite, liad: t *ni t atie.il
from among us obedience and,di.olo ll *tv
iudispensable in military matters, Lbitdito
be tolerant in order to, avoid greater.‘,6Vdp,
and let him, to my great regret,- nett__,O.4w
ing upon him the responsibility qf .whateicr
The result result was as fatal as I had &treaty?.
. . .. . „
He advanced, of hii own acctird,More,tkitio
a league; and selected, a positionvaneett.4e
enemy, without givin g notice ortis*e
meat or , of his .iptentions. . The refu sal
which he , gave -to my advice was the firs‘
news I had of his temerity, and soon after
the roar of cannon
_showed me his position,.
and gave'ine notice that an action had cqm
mencetd. Although overwhelmed ,with a
presentiment of what: was to -happen, r l put
myself at the head of a 'brilliant.. diyision, of
4100 men and five pinces of artillery. I ar
rived at the moment whet? the enemy had -
cut off by the rear, the position of the HI-ra
ted general with a, respectablc,force, and I
was hardly able to check, his operations, as
the night,was alariningly setting in.
But I perceived, with sorrow that thepii- '
sition was isolated; t , aleep ravine, and ,a
wood occupied by, the \.eneiny,•heing inter
poied between us,it was impossible fqe'Alte
troops under my • immediate comm . _
advance by the only road there, was,,, th
out exposing -themselves as were aireadttbe
others, and only one battery,which arrieed
hue, could do any injury. The firing hav
ing ceased, our brigade took up itwguartera
in the neighboring, village of San Angeli be
cause, as it rained'uy.torrents, it would have
been equal to a defeat to have kept the troops
in the open field. - 1 -
Previous to this,
however, I had ordered
my aid-de-canitt„ Col. .Romiro, to pais the
terrible ravine which was in our froutd,and
guided by Don Jose Maria del Rio, , ,well ac
quainted with the eoutitry, , to reach the camp
of the general, and. advise him to withdraw
that very night to San. Angel with his infan
try and cavalry, by the i only road. whichlwas
left to him, spiking, previously, the artillery
' which it was not possible to save. Mytaid
1 orders between ton and eleven o'clock - that
(night ; but instead of being obeyed frith
punctuality, the above-named general hard
, ly allowed my aid to speak;_ interrimted him
I by stating that,he wanted 6,000 menPand
ainunitioti, and sent hi'm off with two de
-1 sit:itches, already signed and sealed, in ;one
, of which he gives a .report of the action of
the evening, stating that he had beateniand
put thek enemy to a shameful fl ight,' and
that, in consequence; he conferred prOmo
clops on. the generals, chiefs, and officers.
' Early the next morning I presented 'imp;
self again in , the same camp, reinforced by
ir brigade which I haddrawn from the Op
i tun, and with the intention of forcingtthe
pass at any cost ; but when i was- abdit to
commence, the enemy , made' his attack,
1 which lasted ten minutes,. awd -I' witheitsed,
i overwhelmed with despair, the defeat of
1 those troops won thy of a better fate, because
l the general who 'unfortunately commanded
i them had cut himself off. The consequences
of this success' appeared terrible to mysight:
The enemy could arrive by a rapid Move
': meta at the capital before it: would be la' my
~ power to render assistance ; 'the enemy could
1 by a flank movement , cut off my detached
forces ; the enemy had obtained as the fruit
of his victory the power of bringing the whole
of his forces against a part only of Mine;
and, finally, the enemy, owing to the insub
-1 ordination and went or, skill of one general,
I could turn to his profit the advantagei of
The advanced fort of'Stin Antonio e,quld
not be maintained, because our line hadiren
cut, and I gave oideiS 'fur the garrison to
withdraw whilst Uni7atected the fort nnditerc
de pont of Churubutteci.'..' The enemy 'ndfan
ced and cut off pari 61 . 1 the Iroopithat *ere
retreating, and appeared in (rant of our near
est flefetteii, —. TlMie kigidn'l plenid'iolielf
at the' head ;of unr tr ry! nod my.efforts gout
the enemy lEgood deal of brood.- Tbe less
es, although much to beliontntid, natarally
proceeded frotifthe. retreat, Which was has
ty, unespectedind'donfised','ciiiing to ]the
trains that had - to ; 'pass through a narrow
!a no, .danked in its:whole extent, he;de-:-
1 fencelwae made front lies' to tin e ntilwe.
Came l to the third; -where , ! peril, allylire
strained the enemy' , saved , t =Oil,.
whicli had been' so unexpectedly .0 acetti . ini
. , „
-danger. ' • - ' ' 'l'
When I was occupied on the in - le
organizing the forces, and atetiaing l this'llat ,
teriel,l having placed inyielf , ageiivat ;th e ,
held Of a column :whit:* should offer tiiiist
:Dike ea' the litsteittretnity, l ,l- - minsitind it Siii*
:inutiicatioo from: the •Generid4n•Ghiefofithe
enekny, propratiag ' an irtnistiOwthat -might
-give time to listen to-the:preji(T#Ottet *Mph
likOtboltinde 'llythe Aiontensuoners otpe
Government Of ' thir gaited Otlitelklirlutlan
-etid to Art contestbettleaothee.tisa sisi,i#s•
'`accepted thei.' aiiiiistiew nod after keying
'had a-meetingot thwaiinistersit macilveitto
' The fiuspensiiiw oflhosiiiiiies is sillsili . a
'blessing, beettuSW.witiiii odOlifissisraltilPS''
tieularly after. th;cisillirs 4 v" t ' a s *O a , '
L ', TO 4 riC B:4ltpiti it, its hofOrs,for,
at least to Otardt them , ; eras an eantriltdieY
i 'Which - Eel:Mid' Anti tesisti':• and , tkii• - 4tre Imo
when it.iiretiontedithroliins !A('`egtitt.,at :',
•,,,,l ; '
ri! , Whessitihus' nations is'.!k l atliiii it w a r '
.Shkrioijiyi ;the atakifij',
'propoeitioo' i whisis T niu l i i mehl*lli. .