The people's advocate. (Montrose, Pa.) 1846-1848, August 19, 1847, Image 2

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From the 14lie I..4ger of the
'ite mad Isaisoraust fl oti Meileo.,
Arrival of the Fashion-6* Slott eau at
Flab/a—Failure of the Peace PrePosalis
-L-Action at the National Bridge—Conn
'ea of &oda Anna's s—Deternsina
tion to stand another Battle—The Cap
ital Fortified, 4c.
llscassiian, Aug.:l4.
The New Orleans papers received this
morning announce the arrival of the.stearn
et Fashion, with Vera Cruz dates to the 2d
- Gen. Scott was at Puebla on the 30th of
July, but there was a probability of an im
mediate advance. -
' Gen. Valencia was reported to be in the
vicinity, with 4000. . p
Gen. Pierce had airived Perote after
art action - with the guerrillas dear the Nation
al Bridge. •
' Lieutenants Tipton, of Indiana, and Sur=
goon, of Pennsylvania, had died.
The Courier of the - Britisl6 Legation ar
rived at Vera Cruz on the gist, With corres
pondence from the capital the 29th, Nie-
Ida to the.3oth. l,
Mx. Kendall represents ihe chances for
peace as unfavorable, but Says Scott will
marchimmediately on the atitivet of General
Pierce, certainly in the first Week in August,
and more than probably the hardest fight
yet will - tiSke place at the city 'of Mexico ;
that the Mexicans are p*pared. to meet
him, having all their ,fortiflaations comple
ted and twenty-five thousited men as the
lie also statea .that the '',British legation
were secretly exerting *evei -influence, to
keep' - the Americans out of t he capital.
Other letters in the Picakune, represent
the chances of peace as more favorable, and
think that the resistance to ;Scott's advance
will be almost nominal. _I
The Mexican Congress had referred Mr.
Buchanan's letter back to The Executive,
and thrown on him the reSponsibilities of
the War. The peace party in the capital is
strong, and increasing rapidly. _They have
no faith in their Generals,
The Sun of Anahuet 'say's, in describing
the guerilla- attack upon Geti. Pierce, that a
body of 600 Americans approached under
a brisk fire until within a 'hundred yards
from the Mexicans, when ii . deadly fire was
Opened upon the enemy, &ming them' to
commence a hasty retreat. 1,
At this moment a , spirited charge was
made upon the retreating Mexicimp by the
American cavalry, in whieh at least one
hundred of.the Mexicans were cut to pieces.
The position occupied by the Mexicans was
one of the strongest in the cgiantry, but the
Americans passed the Bridge after this en
gagement and arrived in safety at Perote.
Gen. Scott despatched Gen. Smith's brigade
from Puebla to meet - him at Perote.
The Commercial Time considers the '
news a full confirmation 4 the failure of,
Mr. Trist's mission, and that all prospects
of peace were dissipated. ' , lts correspon
dence states that there has been a contest of
etiquette about constitutionalirights between
Congress and Santa Anna, each charging
the other with the responsibility of making
It is however shrewdly ,supposed that the
latter personage sincerely—desires the patch
ing up of the difficulties between the two
countries, as the sole means of obtaining
the grand object of his ambition, the Dieta
torship. When Congress wis dissolved, it
was done by the withdrawal Of such a num
ber of the members as to leaSe the • remain
der too few to form a guarani.
Santa Anna held a council of his general
officers, when it was resolved to try the effect
of another struggle, either by marching out
'to meet Gen. Scott at PueblaJor;rejectinethe
propositions of Mr. Trist, calmly to await
Scott's advince, and act upon the defensive.
In order to be free to act,;the government
has issued a decree, suspending the publica
tion of all the newspapers'except the gov
ernment organ.
The Delta says that Congress had met
and adjourned without acting on the peace
propositions of our Gtweriiment ; that all
their letters agree - in expreiiiring the belief
that Gen. Scott can take the: city of Mexico
.without difficulty, and the foreign residents
there are anxious for his ariival.
' Lieut. Whipple bad -arOved there ; he
was treated well, and expected to be ex,
changed shortly.
Coin. , Perry has witbdtawn his forces
from Tobasco, in consequence of the sick
ness prevailing there ; he expects, to re
turn when the sickly season is passed.
The Sun of Anahuac attributes his with
drawal to an overwhelming force of the en
emy being in the vicinity, :kind the fear of
an attack.
Gen. Almonte was in confinement at Tul
amingu. Gen. Alvarez was at the capital
the middle of July, and had: severallong in
terviews with Santa Anna.. ',
Mr. Trist had been ind ilposed, but had
become convalescent.,
From the Public edger, Aug. 14.
LATER. FROR t .111 CO.
The Late Report of a Battle believed to be
True at Matantoros--MoVemext of Heti
can Troops—Murder of epeans by In
• &calcium, Aug. 13.
The Picayune an Peltal r nf the 6th inst:,
contain intelligence ifroughtiby the *rival
,at New Orleans of the stainer Ohio from
The Matamoros .Flag states that is bad
Inen-nimored these for a week that General
Scott had reached the city o(Me*CO, with,a
low chimp hundred tien,tend it now learnt!,
on gninkAuthority, that; po siti ve, intelligence
.had been received to that COO; but whethr
" the, fif**urred RialFrici or at Ae
„city itsi 0r. 1 00.. iiMo Ged: oeo4 arrive d there, are matters uncer t a in . • •
Itwas also appeond •that r fueti..
. ; Valencia
had left San .I.oi Withlijne s e
force. Gen. Hopping noised information Urrea was this side oF, mountains
with 4000 - 'meet.gimmediatc.
sent ip-Matamorostir nititidton of d ra .
but only late - coot soy - w as meet
C i l i n ima i al ; '* ) th-' 5 46 0 5 9 1141 4 1 i11a been
1 ft6leagueibpyondlfititheininAnndbad -
`&114 - led!
*Milt*** beside, Itteniftid; ear;
Nit. "A* "`"
I It wu ntraore4[aCilueoty Vint darit_ Gen;
Russ, with kircloif threor;: thousand men;'
Sims on his marcii,Vaid that:rave:were alp
So moving On pitiai:
I A company of armed 'men 'lad bee
Stationed at the . pass below Saltillo,andpick r
is posted on the Oad to Nueva, and other
Measures taken tt . guard against say raiddei
movement. Capt. Mocker, with two pieceS
of artillery, was seattonsconnoitre, but nothl-
Ing bid been disciivered.
InformatiOnhad been received from Mer.”'
Scans at Parris4thit the Indiums had des
rayed three Rusehos and killed 300 kftmi:
bans. \ i
Appreheosionsoxiaie4 of an attack being
bade upon the; 49* at the mouth of du!,
Rio Grande, wharf,: there are some seventy
loads of public (pro perty, guardedbyonly 15
ben. • .
Latierpeal BlLexice.
I The followini . 4 1tetter , in the Zanesville
(Ohio) Courier,"i ated Rio Frio Pim, July
16, two days .beftorel the reported battle stales
that the writer - , AM officer in the ..,45th regi
ment U. S. !tenuity, was within fifteen miles
kir the city of Mexico, in the advance Older
Oen. Worth. qint Scott was expectedithat
levening with the *ain force when the *hole
force would be.. fifteen thousand men', ten
housand regular! ;and five thousand v4lun
eers; Mr. Trist, :our Commissioner, wasto
me with Gen. Scott.
This letter contains the only authentic ac
lcount of the movements of the advance and
lit is so interesting that we;copy it nearly en
tire. The write r says :
On the 9th, we left Peyote and came out
i ght miles to SaniAmpnin, a large hacien
da, where we remained 'Until the morning
Of the 1001, when we marched at 7 A. M.
for Tepe Agualcci, a villa of some 1000
inhabitants, a distance
often miles. The
next day we marched 22 Miles, and-encamp
ed - at a hacienda called ojo del Ague, over
a very desolate looking country, with the
Sun broiling us all the day. On the 12th
we marched with the whole divisiOrtconcen
frated, so as to prekent a hold front, and af
ter_passing through a very pretty meadow
near the pass of El Pinal, where we encam
ed about 4 o'clock, P, M.
Sometime during the night .two of our
sentinels fired ; the long' roll was beaten,
.and we were in hopes that the enemy was
in our vicinity, but nothing More was heard
'and we went to bed again concluding that
the sentinel did not see any one. The next
aorning at• 6 A. M., we started; again, and
ter passing throngh the pass, we came up
on a most beautiful country—Cultivated to
the very tops of the mountains—indicating
near approach ? to a rich city. At about 2
r . M. we arrived at a large village called
mazoqua,, where we were quartered in
me large stables, and informed that we
ould remain there until the arrival of Gen.
P uitman's brigade. In these two days we
ravelled about 24 miles.
About half-past S on the 14th we beard
he drums beating and soon the information
ame that 4000 Mexican cavalry were in
ight. My regiment was immediately or
ered back to the edge of the town, and our
illery ordered forward. • Soon emerging
om the rear of the house, we saw the whole.
tlexican force, about a Mile off, mooving
. vet a side hill, and entleavering to get in our
ar.l' We expected, of course, soon to see
t e infantry and artillery make their appear
rice, but none•came. Oqr artillery was or
ered back to the rear of the town, and as
'loon as the enemy came in range we open
ed on them with shot and shell, which threw
them into great ciinfusion, and they 'scam
'red Out of tbe way as soon as passible.
Their object seemed to be not to attack
s but to get into oiir rear and attack Gen.
uitman, as his Volunteers were marching
carelessly along.l They were too late to do
inhis however, at4te heard our firing and hut
up' e
before' as fast ! possible,
4""thegible ,
enemy arriving
able within t
a o
et around us. The'Mexicans were so much
noyed with the artilleiy, that they got
and the hill as aeon as possible and retreat
ed on Alibi place by another road. The in
fantry_and artillery were` left bete, and as
"soon as the cavalry returned, the whole force
Imadeli precipitate retreat. At early dawn
!yesterday we weie under - Way again and ad-
Ivanced in the city of Loretto.
The night before; however, a deputation
!arrived at our camp to surrender the city,
land reported thee Santa 41, nn a had retreated
towards Mexico. After a march of ten mi
les we arrived abbot 10 (*lock on the edge
1 ftb ' '
i o e city, wheie. we hilted and left our
wagons. The troops wine then marched
!into the city, with drums beating and colors
!flying. The streets,_ houie tops, windows
land doors, were nompleteiy lined with peo
iple, and every one 'Seemed to consider it'a
feast day. The idea of nien marching into
la city of 70,000 people, *here we could see
;men enough amply able th eat us up, if they
,'only had the Courage to do so ! Not an ad-
Icident happened.- 1 ,- We were marched to the
main Plaza ; stacked Marl arms, and remain
led untilluarters were prOared for us, when
we all filed off L and:repaired for our resioec
five quarters. 1 l . L.-4e
1 ,. The sth Infaniry and the heavy guns are
'n Castle
,Loretta, situated outside of the
sty, an eminence' form' w hich we can look
own on the entire ci ,! and for miles a
und. We haul our' gems mounted and
can at the proper; time knock the city into
ins if they atteMpt at soy rebellion. An
er Guide called Guadislope on our left, is
hio °copied by; ArtillelY. So we are in
kreat security, and can hingh at any oppo
lsition. The remainder if the troops-are
lullquartered in Mini, butt have not been down
see hOw they get ekng. Our quarters
e very goad and we have excellent - water,
e air and a very beautiful vitrivtifthe city,
fficiendy -distant* avoid dust and , noise,
d plenty of room to ezeptise ourselvim:
The street" are all Win paved with - broad,
at stones. . The ',Muses are wen built, some
.f.them being fiiiir or fivekstoties high; the
.üblic blinding' tire onsaintagnifieent scale;
, e Aurelia veryrieh ;' ' ' 'every thing indi.
1 .
_MI wealth a n d ' . : ..' As soon as 1 ,
~,,,,..,..... viitit 'the " litipte - place of
, iitii,iiiid Write lop a , "tition. 4 A visit to
fifolulii . is cogisidMet v - dangerous even
titiimeiple beilWee I - ' ' Ilrill aer
'f: be alai( to" seeilt. '''li '• ' 'ay small I
liiiiiiajiit;tbie'filte' ' _ The iiarket ,
tided • , hil t , Li i it A ii
iii„,...,beliii ry - quantitti slid
:' in* 4 i4P0 01411 , Peilik cher,riestiiiifteg,
' moss" #l*llidorks, , l i ,t IN korliskr 14
Id II Viiir 'lee are_lieviee
lila . iiii*Pr'" ';'74104 1 1 ' Liay tit biiit'sa
: tsospbßb.
. . • 1 1
IlliEtC01: •
~ • ~,.. , 3, s
-,11 attar:nee itllailtexpeoted • i , MO=
that the.AmeriCiut emit ha l t puratiott . of
tune- city, and it seensClo IM this geperiliM";
pression that that event will /mid t 4 the int
dement of a pence. It is no Calamity to :a
Mexican town to be captunsd by an Ameri
can army. "After' it il taken W' police is es
tabli=ie payment of taxes is suspend
ed, tidies beotaneschatiper, ia market
is created for cinamodititio; and ..the . condi...
Lion of the people is improved. ' The Mexi
can, hive' not yet been injuritiuslr affected
by their loss of towns or territtiq. and they
will not be seriously affected if the city of
Mexico is taken. If the government could
not be fotind thepeople would , suffer noth
ing. Our armies are distributing . money
through the country. The Millions we are
sending to Meiico are expended there, and
the war, instead of impoveriehing, is enrich l
ing her. The evils of war ire filtby those
in office, by the killed and erdunded, and
by their families and friends, but th'e masses
are in general benefited. Utffier such cir
cumstances the people are Cot!likel to wish
for peace. ' ! -'
Notwithstanding the Civil! Wdvan ages de
rived from the war, the Mexicans' seem to
be sensitive to thelinvasion of their territory,,
and the disgrace which attaches toitheit-de.
feats, and their resentment bims !as hotly
as if they suffered severely. A peciple who
suffer bat little and feel much, will not be
chastised into submission by; our !mode of
carrying on the war, especially suCh people
as the Me:leans, who appearlto pciisess the
character •of thieves—subdued only when
-under actual restraint or imminent !dread of
danger. Fi e States,Talislo, San Luis
Potosi, Pitexi o, Zacatecas and i4utretaro
—have formed a coalition, an y havle declar
ed that they will not be boun by boy trea
ty made by their general gov rinent' with
the United States. This league, ! and the
conduct of the leading men in Mexico, de
monstrates that the people are oliposed to
peace. . .
If the Mexicans are to be fo ced into
terms, the war must be carried o in a ve
ry different manner from any' . that has been
pursued. They must feel the evils of war.
They might be mede to pay its ex-lenses as
it progressed, by levying upon all lconqiier
ed places sums 4ifficient for the purpose ;
andlhe territories under the control of the
armies, might, 171 proclamation; bd declared
conquered and under the juritdictibn of the -
United States, and all armed resistance of
its inhabitants be declared treason. Such
measures as these, or others that Will oper
ate on die people ;and their interests, must
be adopted, or nof peace is to be expected to
result from populer feeling.
There is an bbjectiou to _use
measures. townrs the Mexican:
from considered° sof the future. V
always treat an enemy as if he wer
time to be a frien, and the future
of the two countries might never E
if we left upon their minds impress
we had employed a tyrannical sere
Although there' is not much pro',
our preent model of Warfare, of •i
the minds of the Mexican people, ;
cy seems to forbid thause of hers 1
urea, yet there ate, reasons for 2'
that a peace may be conquered.
it niay tle antic:gilded early. The'
of the Mexican government are e.
its revenues greatly impaired, t
office that depend on it for ,subsis
distinction require , means, and'
means the administration canna.
ducted. DistingOtshed leaders, in
of disaster and defeat, lose the
their ambition, pOwer, reputation,
and emolument. if the city of M ? :
the present ruleri may fall with
new set of men, not disgraced by
tion with the national dishonor,
in their places. If the war is ca
walls, the men in power may find
tial to their personal. safety and
that peace- should be made. The
not onlrbe ready, bqt anxiods t 1
about. T hey are at this time nea p
quite, in a condition to make a tre:
wiry to them, and no doubt desire
should be 'established, but dread
Jar sentiment. But if the city is
there will be a reason, if not enti
factory to the people, yet so ire
that they may slit upon it as su p
They may then, as they have I
done in the course of their nume
lutions;persuade or coerce the p:
submission to their decision. Th!
then, reason to believe, that when
have been carried to the walls of
and peace is thus made compatibl -
safety of the administration, we ad
a speedy settlement, and an end t
—Public Ledgei.
From the Publi
Free; Washington !
We are still without further n
from Gem. Scott For Mr. Trist, co
without the means of positively
bow far either the war or the u -
for peace, and the kindly offered
of Mr. Bankhead, the British . .1
Mexico; may hatie progressed. '
opinion now seems to be, the
Scott, with the eiefen or twelve
Men under his command, is now i
unless it-shall appear that 'ne _ .
peace shall have been.prerviouslye;
to, and been sucdcessful. No ap
Whatever was felt for his safety,
what force the Mexicans under S , I
or any other General may hare :
to' the geld against him. The ap 3
of the troops under Scott is perfee I
or to &effete the. United States .
tallied in the fie!, and probably .!
any that Vas eve seen on .this 3
the British itself of excepted.
riority of the appointment of ou
Wits considered a 4 certain would .
Colinpeptate - for y inhviority. of. !
so tbat no doubt Xould beentertai.
•inkeestfof Gen. Scott and Me .. '
l e ploir,
the city of Me u ,if he desiredit: I
. particular,' of his ntry, the nuns
'sad irolinded, brew which .;. o'
end die piker ' th e alleged
to have been`' ' ant:all ,
itplele iilaiiii t IlrhiCkliiill ant:.
tai iiliikik rated* in - gial , /
• 'Gee:A* iiinigeWandir ,' • 1
require dieiliple 7 of wino da I
tit - 61 ;'**giiivilliOet Pillow.
marina Of Scott to OWeio---ot
(6411441 1 g dist id finites b 1, - , to . ,
rivernmenudiersVready to
iefrinsanothft islinkseU§ l / *bell tea
ry to papsi our army oath. moiKefltaient fact,
ing for.wor, aid theesseepletis
s ubjugation'
of all iMezicrk It isbelieyedthet.Geb. Wtl
haw iteillvit- the cotn-,
mind of a brigade, (two regiments, to be'
from New York,) and that his talents as a
topographical engineer would' be employed
to survey the isthmus of Tehuantepec, and
to report thereon. capital appointment, I
think, andifor capital purposes:-
No difficutty Whatever as- I- wrote you
yesterday)has occurred between .Qenerals
Pillow and Pierce and General Worth, and
no protest whatever has, or could have reach
. the War Department. The question 'of
sernorjty, and as to win; ranks .the other and
is entitled to command, however, may arise,
in which case its decision will depend on
the fact whether General Worth commanded
under Scott by his brevet title or merely as
Brigadier. His commission as Brigadier,
Major General by b et, dates from the23d
September, 1846, an • he commanded
since under his brevet title Major Gener
al, ,he ranks both Major Genera ierce and
Pillow by the rules of the arroA in the op !
poSite, case, he would undoubt4dly be rank
ed by either. lam inclined to believe that
Gen. Worth has commanded under his bre
vet title, and that as far as the settlement of
the question may depend on Gen. Scott, to
whom it would probably be referred, it will
be so decided.
The great number of letters which have
lately beeepublighed from Gen. Taylor, all
of which are declaratory of his resolution
not to serve as the candidate of a party, are
puzzling the wire-workers on both sides,
and some of the ncting men of the opposi
tion are free to avow that the old hero will
not receive the nomination of their party,
and that, if elected, he must becotne Presi
dent by the Notes of the Independents.—
" The independant press," they add, " will
have to raise his name, to the head of their
columns, for the party press will not do it."
My 'own opinion is, the independent press
of the country preserves its power and influ
ence best by discussing' principles, not men,
an'd keeping aloof from political partisan.
ship. Men are afterwards discussed by it
as . far as they are the exponents of those
principles. - OBSERVER.
P. S.--Gov. Marcy has partially recover
ed from his severe attack of fever and ague.
Mr. Walker is expected to return 'here in' a
couple of weeks and Gov. Marcy to take a
tour North, occasioned by the' death of a
near relative. •
Two Months later from Oregon and
Tide of Western Emigration—Route of the
Mormons—Colonel Fremont Arrested for
Disobedience of Orders—Sent Home for
Trial—Movements of the Pacific Squad
rim—Return of Kearney and Stockton—
Suferings of Emigrants--Canibalism
and Starvation—Com. Drake, R. N.,
g harsh
, arising
e should
at some
l ions that
Coming Overland.
ZANESVILLE, August 11, 1847.
We have re .leived from our attentive Cio
cinnati correspondent, via Telegraph, a
Zanesville, the following interesting news :
I pew,- by
bj eet n
nd p
er mess-
if it ea n .
e men in
nee and
I without
Messrs. Shaw and Bolden arrived at St.
Louison Thursday last, direct from Oregon,
having left the frontier settlements on the
sth May, end made the trip to St. Joseph's
in eighty-three days.
'I h e party met but little difficulty on the
rou The various parties of emigrants to
Oregon and California were making rapid
*progreis. Davidson and his reompany were
met at the Big Sandy, and two other com
panies at Green River. -
be con
the midst
bjects 4f
xico falld r
t, and a
The Mormons with their immense train
of wagons were met near the Forks of the
Platte River, on their route to California,
and the rulers, the " Twelve Apostles," as
they are called, were met at Fort Bridges.
It was understood that the Mormons would
not proceed this season further than Salt
eon nee.
I ay be pu
led to its
it essen
will then
bring it
ly, if not
•ty neces
hat peace
a popu-
, At Fort Hall, Messrs . Shaw and Thomp
'Kin met Samuel Brannon, and from him
they obtained news from California down to
the 25th May.,
' Lieut. Colonel Fremont bad been arrested
fei• disobedience of orders by Gen. Kearney,
aid bad been ordered home to the United
Siptes to take his trial before a Court Mar
ti i. This difficulty grew out of the ill feel
ink and contradictory movements of Gen.
Kiarney and Com. Stockton, and the ques
tion of authority which existed between
theln. It was announced some days ago
by col. Russel, who came with despatches,
that Gen. Kearney was about to arrest Col.
Freinont, and have him hung as a rebel.
No iody, of course, believA the latter part
.of thi statement ; but the arrest of Fremont
prove," that the quarrel between Gen. Kear
ney and Com. Stockton was more serious ' ,
than belt at first apprehended.
Co. Stockton had left and was on his
i t
way me.
'Th American fleet was off Lower Cali
fornia, ogaged'against Mazatlan, Acapulco
i tind °diet towns in that quarter. The troops '
%ad alkheen ordered to concentrate in . the
`same direction. There is no detail given of
contemplated moveiiieats, but it is doubtless
to enfctt.e the bhicliade proclaimed by:Com.
Biddle. I . . .
Gen. came) , was about to leave Califor
nia,-an 4xpected tit reach the States in the
month Sept:
The airs of California generally appear
to be in very unsettled conditibn.
life Shaw and Thompson learned
from 11 non additional details 'of the slit
feeings t erienced by the parties of emi
grants w h failed to reach' California be
knetbe Atter came upon them. They add
to Abe ho&ors 'of the previous accounts ;
seieOtatirperished from cold and exposure
to :tite,snoleand fromsstarvation ! The sur
vivor" were duced to the dresdful alterna
tive, of sub . 'ng upon the' dead bodies of
their goat;.; ions ! ! •
y satis
us revo-
ple into
-re seems
our arms
the city,
with the
y expect
the war.
the wli•
"with that of
dement' in, •
: 4111
# III 1 111 !
with a limn
it*lleod by
2 '4isur =
int to, the St.
ii*slitt into,
ald • has
at the latest'
all: n et
• w the
diatties: 'remit
is !wipe tli
to - au
better then It
Reed 'family, in -connection
onotereached the sutler's Bet
e", flier induring incredible
,of British - ship Modesto,
,tisetroited States, *wetland,
hp, Us. will probably be
- Peloileel6-
•e three wasks ago, lecoid ,
is, Now , ' tba ~w ater
cloak south
. . 4runisinc Weser since ;
the water ia tite - eaail was
only ton Wishes swim s
lit lot ;:tl4 Water coatimasisu
slavbaiki4-4•,4This prairsi
itatlasi! bicamiatliado'
t!*',l),Oie . : . .., 14; boo 'a;ti
a*. i*Dil'illtriuonza.
" Here right! mini*
Hawed by inliseilee, anti nnbrlied by pia."
lizoprneolm. Ave. Is. 14s:.
• 'it* 00i16161014'
of Allegiry
of MinagOssery co, 1 •
For Governor,
of Cot re -
Canal Commissioner, ;1
of Cumberland ea
The. Fews Palma Mesicii). I
We last week received intelligence, after
our paper had; gone rto press, drat den.
Scott had taken, the City of Mexieb, *Fit a
loss of 300 men: Late and authentic intel
ligence from the army proies the report to
be unfounded In fact. ' On the Ist ; inst.; on
ly eighteen der: since, as we learn . by the
Ledger of Monday last , Gen. Scott Was still
at Paellas, though it was generally belieied
that he would move in abbut a week &elfin: I
capital. Xi is reinforce Meas, including tliose
under Gen. Pierce, would reach. .him aliout '
that time. -.A battle is, expected, of course,
for the Mexicans seem, determined to' cem
plete the measure of their folly and bing
additional disgrace uponethemselves. ois
the worst species of infatuation that these
people should still persist in theirrstubbpra
determination to wage a war in which grey
have received nothing but defeat, and from
which they have nothing to expect but toss
of territory and possibly national ,anniktla
tion. Fair offers are thrown away upon
such a miserably deluded people, end it is
time that our government had ceased to mCke
them. The idea that the United States siall
be kept at war for years with such a nat on,
in the-end to relinquish the best part oft eir.
and to pay the expeusestif a Con
test which Mexican folly has prolongeci, is
a little too preposterous,. and we hope . i Lhas
been so entirely eradicated by thislast re)ec
tion from the minds of the administration,
that it will never enter it again.
The followitig\extract from a- San Luis
Potosi paper shoWs how much theMexiCans
arc disposed fur peace. This is doubtkiss a
fair expression of the popular Ifeelin in
Mexico : - ,
"Peace with the odious Americans! Peace
with our assassins and hangmen !, 'Peace
with the slave dealers and the authors of in
fernal crimes ! ' Peace with those'whohave
brought death and desolation among Us—
with those who, have Sacrificed to, their hru-_
tal sensuality the honor of our women !
Peace with these citimihals, these Caiihs,
this 'horde of savage, beasts ! Peace frith
those, who have outraged liumanity,'
have in so many wayi trampled on the reli
gion; who have in every form violated the
rights of nations ! Peace withr those 4rho.
have conquered us and seek to ditihonorius!
No ! a thousand times no ! The blob'," of
our martyrs is yet wet upon the battle field ;
the flames whidh have destroyed our cities
are not yet extinguished ; our banners and
cannon are exhibited in the American capi
tal ; our peopte:have dot yet, come forth to
the strife; our internal discords yet exist.—
Lamentations and the, voice of woe, milting
from so many Mutilated, are now heard ien
etrating tbe \ profoundest depths of the Mex
ican heart. -With a voice of thunder, "IS•ith
a voice which is beard from Palo Alto and
Cerro Gordo, every thing cries accurselliof
God be the peace which insults us: l °War
without a truce, war vrithoitt ceasing, tinti
our territory is restored, our independebee
assured, onr injurietkindemnified, our unities
triumphant and victorious, our fortresses,
our flags and our cannon delivered. up, /the
honor of the country Sindicated, all foreign
ers chastised, the pride of the cowardly
Americans bunibled, *ho have treacherous-.
ly conquered us only because we have been
fighting one another in our domestic cpner
rels. War and nothing btu war , , ustiii see
have our poicer alf the artilery of ithe
Americans,until Gen. Scott, a pristmer,sitall
on his knees ' kiss the t and of Gen : Santa
Anna, until Zachary Taylor is fastened by
a chain in the stable o Gen. Vakncia
The Convention of Dernocratic Delegates
held at the Court-houSe on Monday fuelling
last, appointed Senato 'al Conferees to inset
others from Wayne at d Wyoming, andre-
commended the nomi ation of it Street
er, Esq., of MoPtrose,i tea the office of Sena
tor front this district. , Mi. :Stil?..ler ii a
young man of *eil balanced min 4 good H.
ucation, and aside fkom a propensity I. to
"abase hirfri*b" TOO may honestly end
' righifully: diffefram 'him in apinlon.:l4itia
questions of ev a coMparatively mine! 'tn
portance, is a soy clet•er fellow, Hod would,
.we tbink, make] a vet* respectable Semler.
Samuel Tag a rt, Esq., of Middleton,
IMO nominated ,or RiKeientati*' Be g
unacquainted tab hup, we ciattat Il
whether he I ro4 l 4'irohawf 11 40:,,,f,ttide
and acme ' ' " a liembeiraf hie wor*Y
thnt'luf • ie - Oiy: isioar ll .? reOpoell - EV is)irs
koo* and ' well' iiiime#,Olzen inibe, 01 16 " 1
*Rhona of bis: • , Of* : - ‘ : 3-1.
nosnioo . doo for the (deo Of Tnieseimir. ' Ile
i a a n Il44sto?#` and t i t*, 1 , 06 0 - 4'f4 l-
b: vilified to perforiO ' &A ids a( thi9f,
Ail 1 , 0 r0t4 . -' 1
. il . ,
--11.. Pa t Dol.-was neamaieed foi
the dime( County Coeitais 'lt ho
wig 141Mililii.# 49.11”'Eedf.,.":1*_41
the cape nee of printing F os , he' !county mei
haffi ca the pewit nom; hi giving it withal
".Ad ta," and tbmiloy - !aave-the Caul
one or tw o liandredliollarsibm year, beauty
be elmitoC-4311terwiii Mai People will coa l
WON te dm ' l ,tomVtif the-Cipuleta." 1
Jahl SMiley, of Guan o 1 94! 'dicta 1
be a eiadidate for the -aflli of Auditor.—. l
This 4 4 good nomination; eie we believe!
Mr. Siniley to be , not oali conmetent e tai
f t
willii ' to pert4o As - reelionsiihki dales' of
the o ea Under a IpPorepr mem of their im.
mom.? •
i -
t 1
. . WIWI Ili
The Whip convened at.the Court-hois
on Titesday evening and hotninated afu
ticket Fir Senator, dui) , reeUmniondedi
the n ination, by a SenaiorialiConfereneeti
of Jo ph T. Richardi; Big., of Mon
0 .1
He is ;a gentleman of rood tahmts,
.. r
disciplined mind, and would make abls
Sena Mr. He is en out andout radical hig4
and would,. if elected, be
si n ardent ads to
of his p arty', princiidem. He would recsir4 1
a full party vote. i
Fo Representative, thei nominated Abe!
Cassidy, Esq., - oft,Dimock His is a bigh) .
respectable farmer of thattownship. 1
' Philander Lives , %Atone; is the Whit
candOate'fair Treasurer, : He too, is an lei
dustrinus arid worthy mechanic , aud - wouki
fl --
makei an excellent officer.! - .; I'7
F9t Cor-niinior,---
1 1
i i
nl Connnissioner, we . understand Mil
Penufl CarOenter was nominated. We have
no neguaintance with the nominee. 1
. Aniios B. Mon, of t i riendsville, i theist.
ough !business man, received the nomination
for Apditor.
Tsie TX.LEGamrit AT Bi l mill i e*ToN.—Thi
Binghamton pipers azinosincei that the M
neticlelegraph will be Completed to t 4
place* the lat of September next. 10
view 1 . 1 13 f this important enterprise, thir easy.
of thy " Republican'? hasissutbd a prospe4
•tus t 4 publish a daily , paper; inlthat place
be milled the " Binghatintin Telegraph ."4
We 4111 look with anxiety' for arrival q
the telegraph—not the/ nuteetie, for we
venture to predict that Montrose will never
1 •
rec ire a lightning despittch,l except frogs
the clouds—but Mr. Cook's " Telegraple -
T4 e magnetic Telegraph is- rapidly eX; r •
tending in the remotest portionS of our cou+
'try. MontreaPand New Orleans . will soon
be within whispering distance. Mr. O'Reil
ly, the indefatiguable Agent, shaving poti
plete,a the lino "to Columbus, (Ohio,) se
by the wires the following note, dated C
'lutetium, Aug. 11:
." the Capital of Ohio . presents its,
plimCnis by lightning to the ",Quaker City'
this ivening for the 6rsi timga Cineinna
and 1 Steubenville will join in the crimplt.
menu ten days from thisitime, making 6*
huntlred miles of Telegraph on one coati-a
nent • route, built in the ithort'apace of slay
-en weeks."
I The twelfth and lasi. No. of Moon ;
deni " Treasury of Hist Or e, was - receive?
this horning. We havri repeatedly called
the ittention of the public *this valuable
work, and now having seen tlte4hole of it,
we *re fully satisfied of its substantial zeol
ite. 'iltublished by Daniel Adee, 107 Fui
ton-titreet, New York, at 05 cts. per No.
. ,
rifr The " DemocratiC Rev i ew" for Au •
-is on our table, filled as third with good
i t ng for the i million .; PUblished by ~,, .
W. awe, 170 BrioadWai, New York,
s3,op per annum.
TIE Nun. Costnnass.--4Thelection
fron6he -West . settles pretty ankh the ch 1
act 4, Of the next House Ofßepresentative '
. t is pretty 'certain that the Whip wift
have* sniall.majority in i it—enough, prod
-4 bly li
to elect their speektrand all the Dili
cersor the Muse. - Matthew St. Ckii.
Clare, Esq., - the firrmerOerk; and.' Olivei•
.oldsphool, (Mr. Nathan Sargent,) are tht
far•cnnsidered the two most fonnidable ch
, ffidates for the office. 'Tha i Whip *Mimi
the responsibility'of the skingn of the sex„
'Congress, and especially ;that :of . peace 'ae
war,jand a vigorous orlake prosecution Oi:
the linter. I 'i 1
, i
Kiterecat &Aortas:444 Ds' asecrati
laaveiielecteditwd oat of the ten member, 14-
lieittcky ' !Ina Boyd
Judge i
• .• • French
io dif4st a d 9 t h, district. . . Cox, Franck,
oppoitent; less innointe4. as elected, bek
the fl tarbe - prove that the latter was the svai
eesef4l, eanOdata. Kentucky ion! stand tit
,:it '1 Al ttiorkEtatc.rtos...—ReobOn Chipostuf-
Xhuniutat, is supposed to have house Nicki
Was *Wig' Whig Gorernot some OK
ote*Hess thon'the State given tut iui
.ucket t `
et many ptailt.,:Tolcou
gremOillierd old 'Gay* Yriiiipts . satit,llll4a
tisi **Um, powden
'ftatiOireileated: Aiwgt. "
; i r*Wionliiiißee**lo4week. we's .
tk*,; . taatimaaa,olAibl *aw l aaw itime,
to ;
hat, ii Obiobas T*44* tbe 401:4
ikit 'Lithe,' Ailkhst,* ' ' ti ll ii i,
' ili pifflaimikw.,,Afikir,"<visdiw
tor list oudi t isti *lmo two_ wtookih . all*
fela t
_if!gral"filli. "Nliallat° B 4 : lad .
Ail iio*".:" lee *bilk 'tide *INV Eit, -
ciiiiiiot:thi - iiiitier:4 •Ptimiii. Thi Oat 'ilial
P l f 1 ,IW/ 11 4 11 AhaL -PC 4144 41! 1 0. , MI
fr_ali laill'ealety to briag Bask, -,alicts Irsi
f, .!
•,,` A , t
!rr. :