The people's advocate. (Montrose, Pa.) 1846-1848, July 22, 1847, Image 2

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    if this canal bad been
it - Would . not haire stuk,
amount of $5OO, thou
This ii Att. iniptutatit 1:
improvement.. While
ion, sixty_ miles lcMg,
amount of thirty thou
have a line of ninety-f.
rind thui far constru
from the -highest fl..
within the past silty y
—Another important
cost of completing the
should not be omitted
Thelands to beoccupie
released to the Cotnffi
and occupancy of ca
by, or "under the oath
Pennsylvania." This
tious and costly one i
public works, is marl
so far as concerns thi
maining cases, where
tamed, present no; se
way of its progress; a
ixens and owners of In
this improvement is so
tion, that 1 do not ap
, barraument or difficull
Tun Uspllvisazio L
The-connection of the
with the Cheroung C.
Elmira, being essentia
tire line of inland Hari ,
terto the great Lakes,
advantages to 'be !de
will be but partiallyirea
it not improper to :brid
although not emhnines
North Branch Canal
fora canal from the s•
pursuance to an ,act
- State of New York in
Allen, Civil Eagineer
its cost mode at the tij
the Board of Cnnal
State. I have before t'
Allen, in which the di
viding line of Pennsyll
and the termination o
at Elmira, is stated by
32-100 miles—the Loc
and the estimate cost t
ty-seven thousand six
1 have myself,-
ground along the vall
surveyed by Mr. 411 e
favorable to the etins
have alsaexaminetl th
him for that work, and
expressing the opinion
for its completion.
Eaws for the incorp
to construct this con
that by the north-ea
quehanna with the Chl
hamton, a distance of ;
lately passed by the
York, containing ver
and no d?ubt is en i e •
these connections sf
as the North Branch C
have finished their *or'
If, however, neithpr
should immediately be
Branch Canal Cornpan
terred from pushing vig"
project; as nthout ei
havers most valuable a'
York and Brie Rail R
located within a few . 'r
the State line, and p
cured by law, for_crinn •
Having considered
work, and the cost of
now proceed to brief
upon which it Must 4e . 1
ance, and for prqducl
stockholders, will be 1
Anthracite and Shorn •1 1
sum, Salt, lime, Stave
chandize, Agricultural
cellaneous Freight, fne
upon; but as before rem :1
Bence of large rerwine
be a mineral tonnage wl
The Wyoming Coa
known, that it is Oar
more than to mention
ness of the veins, the q
the facilities for mining
the canal, are not in an
if equaled, in any othe
sylvania. Indeed, as '
advantages beyond ,all
it is a fact, that no in
of Wyomin , 7 coal are n
hundred mile s, to tide u
market of the Atlantic i
with coal transported
but half that distance fr
If, by opening an 'pv,
northward, where no o
bly - enter into coin petit
their charter, the North
pan); have the exclOsiv
of the Susquehanna; a
as that 41 . 0 W going on
Schuylkill can spring
such an avenue, a war
1 200,000 tons ofcoal--i
ted; that in this one art
and reliable towline,
eight per cent. ' iiphn
complete the work i
judgment, the ams ' ini P
pal in the manufacture
)dries and oilier matiuf
*estic purpies, thriing
led,* on- the lakes, 'We
'"would amount to mu
Pei:jaw out of the 'es#,M
`be aped at bsiregO
'markets on the lakes,
she 40'4 steamboats.
1,, iiieffitioilit by R. W.
;ROisisio 7 ihi - Manage
-litiirigatiok , oo4any,
liii:jiad seen in
`St LawretipiiNnoVv
%rougbt by . iii*iiitilti
<Wake - Ity l th r eliiiiiki
, 'lnom ~ sa
Lake irjoieffm,Aiir kii
401 r. -,:' 'Sidi Siou)d'ihei
Witlisi:ind NeliToiC I
•' l .' .-. Dr;:r. s .,x. - .ll.iifris.',l3f ]
„WiterSeiteilAir" 4 0. 0
;61.144 , 'i - Oillii0*: oiilia
,% ir ::,
Iwo* iiiiai ,
eV 4 ' .. - : 1 1301te00 4 4ndr
'IA i*, , ,,vok; : rwini. ,0 4
4 16! 411114 a Ohio - (bitiis
Anithed and i
l ined dimage;
' n the, river, .1
hout its entire
r et in reference
the- Delaware
was daMaged
d dollars,
I r miles, so '1
ted, as to be
d that has oc
I,y t hi s s
:0 the
o the
; re we
• ted
ict in referen
orth Branch
n the , presen
.._ , h aye nearly a
.nwealth, for t
al, to be cons
',it!, of the S
item, often
the construe.
out of the q
work. The
I. eleases were
ious obstacle
the desire of
.ds Moor , the
, 0
strong for its
irehend the lea
from this so
E is NEW Y
North Branch
nal of New 2 1"
to complete t
:ation, from Ti
ud without wit
!'ved from the
1 ized-1. have d
i y notice this
1 in the charter
1 ompany. A. line to Elm
of Assembly
1839, by Jose
and an esti ..
6 , e, and submi
lommissioners I
c this report .
tance between
9 ania and New
1 the Cliemung
him at sevetne
age seventy-fii
, ree hundred as
undred and fit
I to the
I been
e use
te of
on of
w re
of ob
n the
e cit
me of
rk at
e en
e wa
ch the
n and
1 e feet ,
I d d for:
l e dol-
-ntly examin;
•y of the Che
, and found i
action of a ca
!ti the
l al. I
I de by
ion in
• estimates m.
have no hesita
that they ate
ration of a coil
l ecting link, al
branch of th
ango canal at I
, rty miles, bay:
• • Mature of
liberal provi
fined that one o
II be made, as
al Compan •
I f these conue
rosecuted, the
-1 their
/L still
should not b l
•rously forwaril
er, they woul,l
I , ciliary in the
d, now in pre'
I. s of the can'
A ll uaons has be:
cting with it.
Ihe condition
ompletingit, I
f the
:itra.—The tol
• nd for its tnai
g dividends
hiefly minera
us Coal; Iron,
' roductions, ani
safely be ealei
rked, the chief d
Ming dividends
deb it is destiu
region is .so
-ly necessary'
here, that the
ality of the coa
and shipping
I . respects excE
coal region iii
acing these sui
possibility of
siderable gum
.w carried ore]
ater, and go in
ities, in comp(
rom other rel
orn the sea boa
nue frohi this n
her work can
on, (by the ter
Branch Canal
o do
1, and
lit on
F enn-
l itities
I to the
In looking at the probable revenue - of the
North Branch Canal, one 6f the most irnpdr
tent considerations which ?occurs, is that ll
lcatrated by reference to the „map ; and Its
also graphically sketched 'in an_article froM
the Philadelphia North American, given in
the App'endik to this Repdrt. ' I refer to the
extended and unbroken chain of canal nav
igatiod, of Which it forms a central and uni
ting link; and the immense routes and in
lets with which it will be Connected. Shan
and insolated improvements are seldom pr -
ductive ; ' btit always, in,thiscountry, alwell
as in Europe, long canals', and railways fif
ford the reheat returni fdr the cost and 1-
bor of construction'. It there be any exce -
ons to this , rule, it is in rdgard to those Tines
upon which the coarser minerals are trans
ported. Now it is upon !these minerals
coal, !hilt, iron and gypsutn, that the North
Brandt' improvement will;mainly rely. It
has "b o tcdrne ,Cotla*u-p!alpe to refer to the
extra dittaiiinerease in the value of the
stock dr tlie,Englisii canals engaged in - the
coal trade . - : All of them 264 an enormous
advance equal in some instances to tide
hundred , per tentual. "In stir own cOuntp't
li f to
the. Schuylkill Na lati n, the - Reading
I' Raitroart thabsta are; iitE 'Hudson, iO lko l
the Lehigh canals',ha ve been construct.
ed solely liii . the ii se fifths coal trade Of
their respeCtife ragi ns. ;mai* Bikini'
a`brielinmitiiiian . ,ct - i tose - Or 'rheas
itninnteuien* -- and ti so e` Ottei::pifticii.
lam' With the Work tinnitler le.cirmaderttioo.
The Ar4 . 'latent i to - *ration - 1i 182 8 ;
the. toll s Iraisived n Cosa the ' :first y ear,
iimoini*d'a onl y 4 00 0 .1 Ii I €44lafierja
steady 'fittlira ye:air, - 4
had:*44 fifi..'i ' art'fi,4-144,ati - -iii
qt:fieved#io - 04414 six' h4ittliiiitand eighly
atne'dollarlil 'Wit'', nine - ' *nil T :_This lac
provenient is , 109 ]miles OW leiigth . ; coating
$4,801, 4 270!4!" an, a crap! of' $ .14,456 per
i .. 1
right to the
d po such aliey
n ite
up , ) if, by op
et can be 'fou
is easily demo
le, we have
ufficient to p
capital neces
question. I
ion of the anti)
of salt, in iron
ctures, and f.
out the county
tof Utica , incl
h 'Endre than .
tes the quanti
nd Buffalo fo
tt Canada, au
I t • uce
ry to
,,, do
;. fir
: sire,
_t s 4
rte, E,l
of the Selo+
ade ie Mita;
els anthracite!
York ; .an -
. - bomight 1
, 1 ,ch Canal,' !
!' "eta be deli . '
.0 pee
7 ' .4;:-,,,
i 454, 44,01 r-,
- .1000:,*".:!
al in:.
an .
!Il an
~+~w~X ~~,y:
!I - Weni
~ i nfius) coal is
ploy.. for mehtutac erin e g iitirPosei : enthri
cite is used,in connection with" it.'_:, Alts 'cent.
sumption it _Bufillol'ie increasin g, and lb'
reaSon why ii iiinot more ittensivelY ., used;
is its thigh 4l ice; ''teirtir beyond the re ach' of
most Of our citizens. If the Pennsylvania
North Branch Canal be extended to the
New York improvements, coal could then' e
Midi here at a profit at $6 50 per ton."
• In •conseluence, of the superiority of this
species of coal in many' branches' of manu
factures, as Well as for the ordinary purposes
of fitel,it• is iiifficult to'set any limits-to the.
probable •extent of its consumption. An in
telligent kiln-aster of Monmouth county,
New Jersey, "a late publication describing
4 ti
the " iron-m untain" of Missouri which he
had visited,Mentkins that. he saw Peornkfl-
vania anthracite used-at Springfield, Illinois,
one hundred mileii north orSt. Louis, which
cost„twp j cents per pound, or $44 80 per
ton ; and used too, by a tt practical -matt,"
with advantageous results.
At pres ent, in Western New York, and
throughtnit the thriving and populous region
bordering on the great lakes, anthracite coal
is not in use, except in carrying on a few
branches of manufactures. Yet no country
needs a Substitute for wood, ns fuel, more
than this. ' Twenty years since, Governer
Clinton, with characteristiC sagacity, lament
ed the failing forests of that ,beautiful and
fertile region, and pointed out the necessity
of securingnn access to the Mineral coal of
Pennsylvania. There is now no avenue
1 through which an adequate supply can be
1 1 procured ; but complete the North Branch
Canal, and the object is at once attained.—
This done; and we could at the very least,,
supply all the country west of Utica, inclu
sive, comprising a geographical area Of
more than one Half of the State of New
York. There being no duty on this descrip
tion of coal in Canada, it would be introduc
ed there, and find its way throbgh the Wel
land canal, upon all the upper' lakes. I
have' no doubt when this work shall be com
pleted, Pennsylvania anthracite could be de
livelid in Buffalo forss 56 per ton, and at
Oswego, on Lake Ontorio, for $5; paying
at these priceS a better profit duin it now
sells for in the Atlantic cities. At Elmira,
as will be seen by reference to a schedule in
the Appendix,!' the price would be short ,of
$3; at Geneva, $ 3 50; at Syracuse and
other :ialt villages $4 ; and so on at Roches
ter, Utica, Canandaigua and other large
towns; so profusely scattered through West
ern New York—its prices would i be in pro
portio).l to their respective Instance from El
mira, and the price here stated for timepiece.
Now, .these are but little more than the aver
age prices . of seasoned wood in the towns
mentioned ; and the *. ost • of preparing the
wood for stoves and of additional attendance,
is to be added to thelaecoant. -
Including what 4ould be used in mann
lecturing establishments, by steamboats, in
smith's forges, and for theordinary purposes
of fuel, I feel the utmost Confidence that not
less' than 500,000' tons of anthracite coal
would, in a short space of time, find every
year a ready sale in the:region of country
to Which :1 have referred. A committee of
the principal citizens at Geneva, published
an estimate ten years since, itt which the an
nual consumption of coal at the,salt villaes
alone, is set down at 30,000 tons. There is
now consumed in the -saki manufactures of
Syracuse and other salt villages, not lest:
than 400 cords Of wood per day ; and it is
brought, in some cases, a distance of twenty
or thirty miles.
Nor shall the bituminous coal of Bradford
county be left out of view.;' This coal-field is
much less known than it( deserves. Its po
sition on the north-easterd verge of the bitu
minous cotil region of Pnsylvania; within
twenty-fiv* miles of the Sate of New York
is extreme y favorable.he area occupied
by it is no less than one hundred and fifty
square .milies ; and intertermingled with coal,
are rich deposites of argillaceous carbonate
of iron. I have often wondered that a re
gion of this description, should as yet have
escaped the eagle-eye of capital ; and thht
it has not, long ere this, been filled with far
naces and forges. The coal of this field, for
every purpose,.is said to he eqtial to any bi
tuminous Coal in the United states. eon -
pared with the ordinary English coal, it,con
tains a much larger proportion of carbon ;
the former contains 58 pet cent., while the
average of the Towanda coal is stated to be
68. The volatile matter of the latter, ac
cording to a n analysis of Professor Johascin,
is if compared with must i other coal, of the
same variety, in th is country ; and adds en
other proof'to the positiciri taken by many
geologists, that the quantity of volatile mat
ter in bituminous coal, gradually increases
as we advance from - the; Atlantic region,
across and beyolid the Alleghany, over the,
great coal fields of the western arid north
western 1
I c 1 •
1 . •
mile.: •'P us n i r ßeading Railroad, from? the_
gaine c oal colt in `. -=round numbers, - '
5iN500,000,1 0r2599,425 per mile ; 'making
tife ainotinfex*deii: for 'the accommeida-]
do n of the Schuylkill coal trade, $13,301,-
270. Yit such is the enormous increase of
thii trad e both , of these works will probably
be Predu five investments.
The Delaskre and Hudson Canal was
conime4ed in. 1825, and finished 1829.
It is 108;miles in length, to which shguld be
added a radii* , of 15 miles, having five in
clining Planes. These' improvementi cost
$3;910,658,‘ an average of $23,412 per
mile. %!lie amount of coal sent to market
by this route, in 1846, was. 224,121 tons.—
The profits of this Company must be very
great; and ,there .are doubtless very good
teaaons why none of this stock can be pur
chased. am aware that this company
mines nail markets its own coal, as also does
the, Lehigh Company. But it should be
remembered, both Companies have repeat
dee)ared in their Reports, - that • could
they be assured of a requisite tonnage fur
nislied by others, they would abandon min
ing altogether.
The Lehigh improvements, (connected in
the estimate. for the purpose of illustration,
with the Delaware Division of the Pennsyl
vania Canal as far down as Bristol, the
whole distance being 152 miles,) cost in
the aggregate, $7,197,206—an average of
s47,34o r per mile. By these improvements,
522,9901t0ns of. coal were brought to market
in 1846., •
The length of the North Branch Canal
Company's works will be 107 miles, costing
to complete them, only $1,106,0002-42r an
average of $10,336 per mile ! And the sev
enteen . miles in the State of New 'York,
where no wqrk has been done, will cost on
ly $20,000 per mile. -
' There, is another particular in regard to
which, lideeni it fair to extend the compari
son. In order accurately to compare'capa
city, as "'dims to ascertain the expense of
transportatiUn on canals, reference should
be had to the amount of lockage; In length
of time, (in,' the otdinary sense,) the Dela
ware and Hodson, the Schuylkill, the Mor
ris Canal, and the North Branch, improve
ments are all about the same ; but reduced
to a level, allowing twenty feet of lockage to
be equal to a mile in distance, which is a fair
ratio for ; crowded canals, the account would
stand thus: : The Schuylkill navigation is
103 milCs long, and has 588 feet of lockage.
Reduced to :a level in the above mentioned
Ratio, and disregarding fractions, it is 137
miles. the, Delaware and Hudson is also
108 miles in length, has 1037 feet of lock
age ; and istherefore equal to 161 miles of
level canal. Bringing the Morris Canal in
to the seine tategory-101 miles in length,
with 1674 - feet of lockage equals 184 miles
of'level canal. The North Branch:improve
ment, say 108 miles long, has not more than
'3OO feet bf lockage ; extended by the same
rule, its length is only 118 miles !
I will .nor take up time in pursuing this
conipari4on wall the Lehigh improvements.
It must be sufficient for any farther illtistra
tion of the value of those canals in this
country,!wWch forms avenues for the coal
trade, to: adtert to theAzre Division of
the Pennsylvania Can • solar, the wily
productiye ; canal (regarding the original
cost) belonging to the State of Pennsylvania.
It would 10-Clay, sell at
.public sale for mote
money than it cost the State ; because it is
a coal carrying canal, and connected with
the cod region.
One o' the most surprising features in the
rapid prOgress our country exhibits in•ev
ery. departmnet of human enterprise, is the
increase in the consumption of coal; and es
pecially cif the anthracite coal of Pennsylva
nia. In 1820, there was taken'from the Le
high coal region 365 tons. Within the past
year there has been taken from the same re
pion 0ver520,000 tons. In 1825; the Schuyl
kill coal trade amounted to 6,500 tons. In
1846, it had reached 1,300,000 tons. The
aggregate increase in the whole State, is in
the same,' ratio. Prom 365 tons in. 1820, it
has amounted to upwards of two millions
four hundred thousand tons in 1846: The
increase of the last year over that of 1845, is
370,000 tone„ and the supply is short of 'the
It wotild swell this report beyond any
reasonable limits, to refer in detait;_to the
trade in iron, - salt, plaster and lumber, which
the North Branch improvement would facil
itate, and which would add largely to its
revenue. lt must be obvious to every se
fleeting mind, that an immense, increase in
the sale of Pennsylvania iron would result
from the completion of this work. We
could send bar and pig iron from the Sus
quehanna valley to Buffalo, at a less price
than it now costs there, brought from Lake
Champlain,' , a distance of three .hundred
miles ; and we could also supply all the
country iliterveningbetween the Susqflehan
na and Lake Eric i the State of Now York-.
There being 'no duties charged on American
iron' in the Canadas, we might miter even
into those markets. I have been assured
by a gentleman residing in the part of the
State of New York to which I refer himself
engaged in the iron business, and well ac
quainted with the subject, that not less than
40,000 nins of Pennsylvania iron would find
an outlet annually; through the North
Branch route, The boats taking coal and
iron to this region, would almost uniformly
find return freight in salt, plaster and water
lime. Oh the Schuylkill, on the 'Lehigh,
a6d on the Dealware and Hudson Canals,
very hull return freight is afforded. All the
country contiguous to the Susquehanna and
its branches, would derive their supplies" of
snit, plaster and water-lime, from the State
or New fork, through the Susquehanna and
North Branch improvements.
I connilt conclude this general view ofthe
piobablejiource or the levnue of these im
provemelisolithoutre&Tring to the fact, that
lumber will be for many years an impor
tant article ortranspoitation. The citizens
o r t he NOithein counties in their memorial to
the Legislature in, regard to the cOmpletion
ojr the *ph Branch . line, say "could
lhoie - who ire.thus, engaged have an '
a6d safe transport ation to an unikkrin mar
ket, (initial! of depeeding upon ihe'cOld 'and
dingeroui -freshet of the spring,)' without
hazard of life or loefof,property, they would
convey theii lumber seasoned" - end 'seaiona.
Wy to thelenost cOnimanditig market. had'
'the -addl)44r coMpleted ',during the last
Ilia 3011; we hoitate . not te 'say that the State
Would havii t ieeeiVed sixty thoulaiid dollars,
iii :tollelfrienilitiitier which lay 'over 'in`con
tesq-nenee of no' freshet last veer, and'
a large c*ticin . Of - Whifih' ii' now !Oaf- fore - ver
to "tile euteipeising . .dud hardy owners, by j
subsequent unp anted high. Water it is
estitriated athe Memorial, that'
000,009 feet of 1 l ibel.descent
the Susquehanna and Oat:- o_the value Of
shingles inandactOred, is 'rather more thnn
one third that of boards." Some idea can.
thus be formed of the amount of tolls which
may be received op the North Branch, from
the single articleOf lumber. The sum es
timated by the intelligent author; of this me
morial, is, of itself, nearly sufficient to pay
the annual interest of what it Would cost to
finish the canal. 1
Taking into Vier the peculiar advantages
which the work ifT question will possess, the
extent of country it will penetrate, the int
mense chain, of canal communication it will
unite—the valuable character, and variety
of trade fur which it will form an avenue,; I
am inevitably led I to the conclusion, that ;it
will almost immediately become one of tile
most productive lines of public improvement
in the country ; and that in a •very few years
after its completion, will be crowded- with all
the tonnage it will bear. I regard it as an
opportunity to capitalists of a safe and prop
er investment, suph as is rarely, to be met
with : and as a Peensylvanian, I regret Ox
trernely„the necessity which compelled the
State to part with it. I thus, speak confi
dently and earnestly, after the the fullest re
flection and most careful examination of the
subject in every ferm.
Respectfully submitted,
limuttsputto, January 20th, 1847.
From die Public Ledger.
Late from Mexico.
General Scott at Puebla, awaiting Rein
forcements—No Quorum of the Mexican.
Congress—Mr.: Trist with Gen. Scotti—
Every Avenue to the Capital fortifie4—
Obstinate Resistance to General Palmer
Advance—His: Loss Severe—American
Prisoners at Libertyln the Capital.
AirAsitINGTON, July 15th, 1847.
By the arrival Of the Steamer Alabama,
the Picayune hastdirect advices from the ci
ty of Mexico to the morning of the 26th tilt,
and Puebla to the 3%& Gen-. Scott still
remained at Puebla, awtiiftg the reinforce
ments on the road, under Generals Cadwal
ader and Pillow. The news from the Cap
ital was. indefinite. General Scott states
that he had infortried the Mexicati Govetn
meat that Mr. Trist was with him, and au
thorized to enter into negotiations.of peace.
Santa Anna had vainlyendeavored to pro
cure a quorum of the methbers of Congress
to consider Geb. Scott's proposition.
It is supposed that General Scott will
have to march into the city to secure pea Ce.
The censorship of the press prevents the
knowledge of what measures of defence are
contemplated. Santa Anna was to
three days from the 30th.
It is stated-that every avenue to the city
is fortified, but the success of the Americans
was not doubted Gen. Yilhnv, Wig said,
had to contest the ,road with Guerilla parties
until beyond Cerro Gordo. They took ad
vantage of every defile to arrest his progniss.
His loss is said to have been severe.
The Government of Puebla has been en
trusted-to Col. Belton, of the 3d artillery.
General Alvarez was at Alixco on the
14th June, with 300 cavalry.
- The American Star of Puebla says there
is three month's provisions for our troops in
the city, and that the fields around supply
the necessary forage.
A Mexican has been detected by his codn
trymen s=hile on the way- from the Capital
Ito Puebla, with drawings of the .different
fortifications around the capital. He was
tried and sentenced to die, but escaped.
The Mexicans use every Means to induce
our men to desert and then use them shame
fully. A party of eight Americans, not con
nected with the army, left Puebla for a ha
cienda on the road to Mexico, to purchase
mules, encountered a party of lancers, and
could not escape and were forced to fight
them. All the Americans were wounded
and it is supposed one was killed. Five are
believed to have been taken prisoners.
A, letter from Mexico to the American
Star, says the Atherican prisoners were at
liberty, and no one - troubles them. Tie
writer sees Major Gaines daily.
The decree ordering the Americans away
had not been extended to them. It is be
lieved they had been re-incarcerated atSan
tiago. Majors Gaines and Borland may be
at liberty but doubtful as to the rest.
The Prefect of Puebla recently decamp
ed to Alixco, with all the city funds.
Perry's expeditiOn to Tobasco was entde
ly successful. • -
A rumor was current at Vera Cruz on
the Ist, that Gen. Scott had entered the CO..
ital, and that General Pillow had been cap
tured by the guerillas. The former is &lie,
and no faith is placed in the latter.
N. 0. Commercial , Times, of the 30th ult,
says: " - We learn from the officers of the
Missouri, that the steamer Star SpangNd
Banner, Capt. Pearce, struck a snag on i the
29th inst., near Thomas' Point, 10 miles
above Baton bogi e, and sunk in a rely,
minutes. Four or Ave persons drowned.÷
A great portion of the cabin baggage saved
—nearly all elita , total loss. The cabin
floated from the hull, with a number of pei2 -
sons on it, and was ; landed some eight miles
below. •
A portion of the Third Indian a Regiment
was. on beard, bound home. Also, a large
number of Lerman emigrants, who, by this
l account are left qui,e destitute. A fireman
named Cbas. F. was kicked, over
board by a horse, and drowned, near Bayou
Goula. The St., Nlary ' brought from the
wreck some one hundred _ passengers, and
landed :them at BatOn Rouge.
Two -MEN Throwento..—On Saturday last,
John Sottrbeck, of Dauphin, and Thomas
Graham, of Newport, Perry county, were
drowned in the riv e r at'Dauphin, (a !mill
town above this ,) w h ile - on a fishing extol.-
viol. Sourbecklea a a wife and : fourteen
children-to mourn' untimely aid. Gra--
barnhas left a wife Slut three children to
- regret his loss. Th bodies of the drownid
men ' ' have -been retcovered.--HevrisNi4o
- Union. i ,
mit Poll
' Here ekeli. the People ' s
Unawed by i n fl uence and uniet naietebt,
WYROSE. JULY. U. 1647.
of Allegheny co. ,
CANAL comussNiNgs,
of Mcrneffbmiery co. •
For Governor,
. of Ce4are co.
Canal Commissioner,
of Cumberland eo
W . We acknowledge the,receirit of 14,
10 of" The Treasury of History,'.publish.
ed by Retie' Adee, 107 Fulton-street,iNeiv
York, and Nd. 13 of ",Chambers' Cycilopp
dia of English Literature," publish d by
Gould, Kendall & Lincolo;s9 Washin toit
street, Boston—both of which we cheFerfal
ly commend to the patronage of the public.
" Blackteoods Edinburgh Magaiine" fir
Jime, comes to us richly freighted with
good things. The reputation which'-this
periodical has built up and sustained in Eu
rope is a pretty sure evidence of its intrinsic
merits. The American edition, an exact
re-print, is published by Messrs. Leonard
Scott & Co., 79 Fulton -street, corner of
Gold, Neiv York, rit $3,00 per volume. •
HOUSE BURNT.—We are informed taut
the dwelling house of Mr. David. Bushnell,
in Rush township, was entirely destroyed
by fire on Tuesday morning lug.
not lenrned hOw the fire originated,. nor .the
extent of the. loss. At this. season of the
year when framed buildings- are es dry its
tinder, too much care cannot be taken to
prevent their destruction by fire.
We this week publish the Report of Will.
B. Foster, jr., of a late re-survey of the oh
finished part of the North -branch Canal,
made under the direction of the Company.
It will, be seen that Hitt Foster estimates the
amount necessary to complete the line to
Athens, Bradford co., at $1,006,037 . 00 ; he
alsa gives a most flattering and we belieie
just estimate of the probable dividends the
Company will receive on the completion of
the line. . •
' The importance of a speedy completibn
of the N. B. Canal has been so frequently
brought to the attention of the tkople and
Legislators of our State, and the great bene
fits that would accrue on mph, completibn
are so, well known, that it would seem-
Most superfluous to reiterate them ; yet the
able report of Mr. Foster presents the who e
matter in so clear a light, that its interest
will amply excuse the space it - occupies
our columns. •
The project of connecting the North
Branch Canal with the N. Y. & Erie Rail
road, thus opening a direct channel tojhe
New York and Eastern markets for the coal
and iron of the Susquehanna valley, is one
which, at this time, commands considerable
attention. Qf the speedy completion of the
N. Y. & Erie Railroad, at least as far :Hs
Binghamton, N. Y., there is now no douht,L
it remains to be seen whether the Canal
Company will push their work' so far that' a
Railroad connection with that improvement,
at some point, may become practicable.
Partizan Candidatcs.
The Br d .rd Reporter of week in
one column lishes the letter. from
Taylor to t kncinnati Signal, and in anO..
tber colum ys: " But • Whether Geh.
Taylor will .4 . . ' ntenance such a scheme •lif
rascality, (running as the candidate df the
People, irrespective of party,)'there can be
but one opinion—it seems to us that he will
promptly rebuke the conspiracy." It seers
then, according to the Reporter, that Gen.
Taylor's own determination to-have nothing
to do with the manouvreings and' corrup
tions of party, is a piece of "rascality"
that the " old man," notwithstanding his de
votion to his Country, notwithstandingll/s
having laredfrhis breast 'to the bullets arid
bayonets of a tbreign foe, is still a raseall'
And why 1 Biniply because, having been
annoyed with thd importunities of this
clique, and that faction to become the can
didate of such and such a party; he has
the patrioticfirniness to give them all a con!
shoulder, by peremptorily refusing to be the
candidate of any party or thane."
• There are 'partizan journals that can nit
see• any patriotism or purity outaide the pale
of party—they can not see that nny demott
stration the great mass of 'the People,
which has not the sanction of party guardi
ans, is anything but "rascality"--4 , a col-
But these pure patriots watch
with lese zeal the vaunted principleser their
party than they do the 'movements of the
People, 'lest thi:y should steislA march itpof
theirleadera, *mom petent talisotiat'thab
the, prin eiples which they profess to cheriO
prompts them 1 to.draw strict. partylines
Fat offices are to"-ba filled - -ffier five laws*
and tin fishei be diatittputed anion( ,
the taik*usaid,, all toldi_itti if a breaelt
00 0ltsitie-thetightly-stvetched.lines-iliat di
vides p#ty and , the ',People,: there z
knoiring iiPon .4 - 4 L
Hence theiveariety pieserre those lit*
unbroken end undacketnni4,the inneirtain-
pie, where the'tipiiite*edistributed, onus
not be polluted with . thelanVtread Off&
Democratic nsshiQe: If Gen; Taylo4
One of the PeOple, Witbeut the aid of , eatt.
cusses, committee!, scieret circulars a nd uB
the machinery of-party organizatkon,
be called "by the spontaneous action and
free will of the nationiat large"!te, the Cruel
Magi - Sir - ley of the Union, the preceilent
would be n death-linellte the hopes ortliose
cormorants who have thought, from fid4ity
to party only, they would be enabled toilet
in the spoils of office.:
. -
It is very - true that the principljes of a can
didate should be cleariy avowed and distinct-
understood, that thPeople in depositing
their votes maY • knovi what they are attain ;
yet it will not. be • tiUnied,- that among 'the
gaunt and grasping office-seekers of party,•
instances r are not rarii: where the practice of
the officer has been very different froni'the
promises of the'canAidate. That political
integrity is as requisite in a public officer as
capability seems to have beenlorgotten- in
the desperate struggles of party for the
pendency. It is of little consequence7to the
great mass of die People to whatp,arty a
candidate belongs, or what principles he
1 1 may profess, so long, as they have tie sure
'guarantee that he will not prove faithful to
his trust and' his Promises. The . People
'want to know the man as well as his prieci-
The various movements which have bro't
pen. Taylor's name Forward for the Presi
dency have been so Much like the tloor-or
ders of a dancing master, " forward two,'*
" back again," " cross over," &c., that we
scarcely know what to think of them. item
ocrats claim him, Whigs claim him, and by
each or them, , in primary meetings,' his
name has been brought forward—we can
Onlkliken it to ,a genbral mixing of waters,
prep ratory'to a grand' rush and roar, which
shall safely land she-old hero in the l'resi
dential chair. But, we can understand his
late letters—they aretoo emphatic to admit
Of a quibble—and for the noble sentiments
They contain we honor him quite as much as
we do for his heroic 'conduct on the ,battle
field. 3 • ,
I '
GEN. SCOTT'S -AbVANCE.—The intelli
ence, from Mexico; which we f/ÜbliSil to
day, renders it very uncertain that themitici
pined revels in the Halls of the Monteztimas
occurred on the 4th of July. Scott, i:Pr the
30th ult, was still at Puebla, nbout.lo}Miles
from the city of Mexico, waiting 're-Wince
ments under Cadwallader and-:„Pill9v0, - on
the road. Some of tbe papers state that the
former had arrived tit Puebla, on the l 3oth
!ult. He was at Perote on the 20th'ult.; which
!is SO miles from Puebla waiting for Pillow's
arrival, who .had to fight the guerrillas at
]every step until! he 'bused., Cerro Gordo.=
:The force under Scott was about 6000 rnen.
;The two Generals on the ioadwould I add
'3OOO to the number, ; making' a force of 9000
]men to march into the city of Mexico. ' On
;the 29th ult. there were 4 Vera Gritz' in
icamp 2500 men; wii,4 l 3 wekto .march in a
;few dqys to join Gen.': Scott. Some of the
Mexican journals are making merry. : at the
den that Scott will be disappointed in taking
, iis 4th of: July dinner in their capital: It
will only be postponed for a few days but
that will give him a better appetite for it when
t'does take place. . 1
I Mr. Kendall, yttikg from Ptiebla on the
Id ult., says :---sl i All the talk now is oilleace,
mmediately with tl4. great Mexican nation,
land those who talliCd but a short Week
6ince of revelling in this halls of the Montezu
as now appear to think they are just about
s near the aforesaid balls as they rirei. will
t a
be. What, the propaiitio'ns are that have
been made to the MeXican Government few
Mere know : but what with British lintirfe
rence, and the timidity' of the AtexiCitti' lea
ders they hare evide4tly been liatened to.
WEI.COME RAIN..4OI' the pest feiy dayi
Ithe atmosphere has been at a sciorching
h eat, , the earth paithod, and the streets and
roads filled with dust but this (Wedriesday>
horning an ever-mindful Profidence has
ahowered upon' us a plentiful and reviving
Fain. The crops in , this county generally
took well, and promise a more than , usually
bundant harvest. • .
The long talked of Convention for the mr--
provement of . Wester Harbors . nd Rivers,
issmbled at Chicago on the sth inst. Del
igates appeared , from (nearly all the States
iind Territories, which shows pretty' clearly
Oat public feeling is 1. awakened to die Ibis-
Portance of developing the indefinite resew.
Os of the giant West. i Ron:EdWard Bates,.
d' Missouri, was chosen to preside civerl the
Convention, assisted by a laigeinumber of`
Ticer-a t a'Secretar i es.'Leiters
i rest en s all I ,
Were read 1 from. Mri Xtin Boren, 4ork
Clay, Silas Wrigh4 - 4 . hoinas H: Benton.,,
Lewis bassi, aminthei distinguished*entle
men, all ofl whom. had been specialty invi- -
, ed , but were - prevented frOm atterding•
here seetiied ta be grent unaniinity of -
lag amoncall :With , ipgatd io,iir.t.-,a,v 4 iiritd!
'object °fibs - Convention. : Miiii,us.: Renton
nd Wright; il% .,tiris 'clig 4 ' . .l -t .: 14).
.10410' somewhat it-litielt„',4iiik#od.
1g !Imi,tfilip'jiriO(ifili!Pa!; , ??: * *l# 4 l:r"i)4 l ' -
on and R l ivers;inis strictly -withiiC*lii
d ad the_control of on ~u er
_., . _
elist Glivernmatit. - - -.' -.-. '.':- - 1' . .:.4 i• r.:.:1, , 1 , :•
Tke P9lll'ePti#P - wasinfilre tied : lits#o2-
at of the Delegatii,"iiidiiii-ifilibillilieeed,
: ,,,,,,, 4 , ;"' ,- . ,1 . , -,.?,,,,..%!',
The Chicago` Convention: