The people's advocate. (Montrose, Pa.) 1846-1848, July 08, 1847, Image 2

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    FROM T
'Late and Inv
4111 . ranee of G. Sc,
Pillow from •Vera
ments— The:Sick
Santa Anna . : still i
Mission of Mr.
Despatches nublis
Troops at the cei,
• False Alarnts at
iEtten l
.The steamship P
New Orleans, bringir
the 18th, Tampico fo
to the 21st.
An express,•receis
Cordova inns)
had commenced his
the Capital on
Nothing is said in
of peace.
A thousand troops
the 17th, under Gen.
Nothing further ha.
All the sick startes
lapa for Perotel, Ge
the number.
'The dates frbni the
to the 9th. Santa A
power. His reSignat
ascertaining that the
,was anxious fdr its
ministration, iticottss,
changed, its policy, a.
to his arms. The p
greatly divided. A
cannot be colleked ;
archy never before ey
4)f Mexico.
'An important firm ciai measure Of Ana:
va's administration rid been surnintirily ab
rogated by Santa Ann►, in deference,lie says,
to public opinion.
This has !edit() the resignation of Poassan
toa and the nomination of Lapaqua at the
head of the State d artment„ causing dis
satisfoiction to ;the urns, but the result is
not yet known.; Alm 'nte was still in prison.
Tile State of Cliihuo hua had voted tinani-
Windy in favor of S• nta Anna for Presi
dent. The impressiin that Congress will
elect,and Herrera be chosen.
No mention in ma
defence of the Capit
deem Gen. Scott's i
the city a mere boast
of his men.
- The Vrovern men t i •
Puebla to fill upon
They say be has reall
he pretends td hay.
that he shOuld be joi
The propositions 1 r. Trist is authorized '
to make are said to be as follows by the
Mexicans :=Each r•public to name three
Commissionerli to di cuss the claims of - the'
United States, and i Mexico does not con
sent, the war is to be prosecuted.
E 1 Republic: mu, o the 7th, publishes the
intercepted despatch of Secretary Marcy to
Gen. Scott, dated the 30th April, in which
he says that thl Pre ident supposes that by
the end of. Tube, Gen Scott will have twenty
thousand and dener. 1 Taylor ten thousand
men. Gen. Sdott's iews are asked in vari
ous questions s'aggesked, and gives instruc
tions how to operate with:the disaffected
Mexican States. - Several other intercepted
letters are (riven. Santa Anna reviewed
the troops under Alvarez on the 6th. They
have not all arrived,] but were expected to
reach 5000 in m few days.
The Vice GOvern
and fal;e alaims co;
party of dragoons h.:
the interior without
taus, and the people
There was nothin.
Late tro
The Guerillast—Pa
tack'vn Cot Mac!
By the steamship!
on the 22d, letters f
received, which, as
-link with' the series
transpired in that q
Vera Cruz.
tliculars of the late At-
From the .!
Letters 'tverEi rect .
from the city 'of Me.;
24 inst., mentioninmi
xtrithdrawn his4ate l;
der the appreittnsion
ed. This only goes
which sincerity formi
ter of this ,rederubtedl
boasting of hivantor
readiness to-lar do
himself as a viOtiin
The Capitaltis re
state of complete co
and as the letters do
steps have been tali
against the approach
sumo that Greni Scot
the Montezioits an
We comment than
pondent's lettet relal
ne'Froad throlgh 0,
rile'*iteittion o our
•-_ r;:
II his life and immolate
I. r his country's welfare.
resented as being in a
fusion and anarchy ;
not mention that any
en to fortify the city
6 of our troops, we pre-
I will find-the Halls of
leasy conquest.,
portion of our torres
lling_to the o ening - of a
ozaba and rdova, to
i f
f the Commeteila Times. ,
.trz, June 11th, 1847.
el Banks came in yes
party' from the train,
d was hOurlrexpecting
, ck from the ,Mexicans,
1 the road and chap
,,force. , .
:PMe4 l l 3 9l4 , ence
: l ' i+L CA
, v, Greatlenteuotel
' tqrdi k v etjth .i:isseaii 1
which, hodb god, a
a ganewal of ihelatta
who_ were gathered.
, Zia Attack i.e. i
eekill- ,:parxy,,,itijooel
ailigolotik). twill'
towinnittem ofibe 4
aload 4. tke t:w
sufmtVe4 awl 414.
bapirt,:upp, the main i
or o fsfge4 Morteater
0441044iNtiog the
hoptgoey, be * 4
b)(plactrilli,; - -thu
deuce, took advantag
;de suddenly aid by a
Si -advanced party of
ZokAliackimosh, the
art, were, half a mile
Thia ,-, patty; well
retteedwi s or Telt
supeastreatii tbe first
lwar, -, sad t-ileowely
From the Hedger,
ant from *exit..
!tt—D4arture of Gen.
Cruz with It inform.
ransferred to erote- r -
Power-Res nation
Ision and An rehk—
.st—The int rceptid
ed—Eight T ousand
;ital—ifore r#iected—
' ample°.
Imetto has rived at
a Vera Cruz 4ates to
the 20th, and Brazos
led at Puebla 1 by the
ncs that GM). Scott
oral from thence to
. th.
egard to the overtures
hbd left Vera Cruz on
Pillow to join General
been heard 4m Gen
on the 15th from Ja
. Shields wa among
- city of Mexico were
nna was then still in
on was withdijiwn, on
majority of' ongress
acceptance. he ad
4:pence this,lentirely
d has thrown itself in
blic opinion there is
quorum of illongress
such confusion. and an
isted even in ithe city
e of melsures foi• the
1 in the poper4. They
tention' to march on
to keep up the spirits
urged by letters "from
con and crush him.—
l• but :,>OOO men, .though
7000. It is dreaded
ed by Gen. Taylor.
r, Bajaca r has resigned,
tinue at Tampico. A
d gone forty miles into
g nding any armed Ilex
appeared to be friendly.
new at the Brazos.
'Edith, at New Orleans
m Vera Cruz have been
hey form a connecting
f events that have lately
arter, are not without
martial Timis , 233 ult..
•ed in town yesterday
ieo, 'under date of the
that Santa Anna had
• tter of resignation, uit
that it would be accept.
•to show the extent to
a pirtion of the charge
hero, who is continually
de la patria, and of his
inspiret 001111-•
of the costusi vrigt on pro-.
duc • . ,' so aveltinra k e, troops: 4i _in ueb as
possible, fen upon tbe IW.lgoi,li ind mules,
whiCh were stretched alaea dikance of
some teat Miles, and garded' iiktng their
whole lipi by a number of troops not ei
ceeding - four hitndied—many of these, of
comae clashed forward for their share of the
fight, icsaving large sections of the train en
tirely unprotected. The consequence was,
that twenty-eight wagons, and between one
hundred and two hundred pa* mules, be
came theifiroPerty of tke guerillas.
The train left Sinta ',Pe wiith one hun
dred and ;tbittk-two waus; 'and from - five
to six hundred pack m ule s—so you will see
that the loss forms a v large percentage.
I am glad to learn by "getter which I have
seen from Maj. Bennett, the paymaster who
had charge of the mon, which went up in
the train, that not one l ot' the wagons con- ' ,
taining the govemmentfunds was taken; al- I
though a considerable aim belonging to of
ficers was
T aken in tie R different baggage
Wagons. , e
The mOstlimportant Of our losses was the
ordnance i steres, with which some of the cap
tared tvagotis were loaded. About six or
eight of our 'pen had been killed, and some
fifteen oritwOnty wounded, during the en
gagement, and the- Meiican loss was sup-.
posed to be much greater. What has hap
pened. since Col. Banks left, and before
Gen. Cadwallader readied the ground, is a
matter of deep intenest—pot to say—appre
hension. ;Te confidence naturally spring
ing from thediscovery that the Americans
are not invincible, hhs doubtless induced an
early renewal of the attack, in which case
I am not without hope that the reputation of
the Americas arms Iwill,be fully sustained.
- A great• fault hag been committed with
reference to), these ;trams. It left the city
with an insdfficient escort, while two hun
dred eavalrit were lying here, ready, ,or
nearly read Ato move on the same road. If
not exactly iCady, their; preparations could
have been IChastened at least twenty-four
hours, and he train could have been ;de
tained an equal length of time. That this
was not donii, will, I fancy, become a matter
of fount accountability. Unpleasant sto
ries, too, ant current, touching the habits
and conditioh at a particialar juucture, of an
important p e rsonagee attached to the escort.
This,.with other matters, will,- I presume,
form a subject for the investigation of a cant
martial, nnit,a more direct reference to it in
my letter would •be improper. The attack
was made at El Paso 'de las Ovejas, this
side of the National Bridge, not beyond it.
. .
, -
It said thit the road !is now to be forti
fied in all iti more .difficult passes, by the
Mexican troops. Don Thomas Marin, an
intrepid officer of the old Mexican stamp,
well known for his gallant .deTence of Alva
rado, is reported to have eight hundred men
under him, with whom he intends to-occupy
Cerro Gordo again; assisted, as he expects
to be, by guerillas, who 'can be gathered
around him at a few hour's notice, in cases
of emergency. But even if these reports
prove true, that road Cannot be closed by
Mexican troops. General Scott can detach
a division at any hour, which would sweep
all such obstacles ;away fur the moment ;
and, if he had fhe troops which figure so
satisfactorily in the Adjutant General's re
port, he could guard the road effectively, by
occupying with his own men the passes re
ferred to. This, it is true; would require a
good many soldiers, hut it is a matter of ve
ry great importance, at4l the service suffers
from inability to do it_: ;
I am inclined to begive that the General
intends to open the rotid to Puebla, leading
through Orozaba and Cpodova, as it seems
to offer some advantag4l over that via. Jalapa.
By taking possession Of ; these two cities be
would strike at the rixit . of the guerilla evil,
by controlling, to a great extent, the moun
tain hordes from which ;this class of soldiers
is principally taken- -
)<t is believed that the: best results would
follow the occupation a this road, and the
General has received assurances that the
feeling of the farmers and wealthy citizens
is strongly favoralde to the Americans, hav
ing been tendered so by, the depredations of
the native bands of guerillas. The country
along this road is extremely rich, and its
products, most varied arid cheap. The cli
mate is healthy and delightful, after leaving
San Juan and Palmillas; and the roads are
good at all seasons of the year. It is also a
shorter route to Puebla than that through
1 Jalapa. ' ), •
A great quantity of Tobacco is produced
in the neighborhood of•Cordova and Oroza
ba, the Manufacture of which, into cigars,
is a government monopoly, the - leaf being,
purchased of the growers at a fixed price.
This l season, the quantity taken by the gov
ernment officers at Cdrdova, amounted to
eight thousand' bales, but, as government
property, it is liable to• seizure by the Amer
icani, while private property is held altered.
The tobacco has been returned to the pro
ducers, to hold until ito manufacture can be
safely commenced. These eight thousand
bales are worth nearly half a million of dol
lars, and. ould find
.a I ready • sale. They
are bona fide Government property, and as
such would belt legal prize to our arms.—
In Orazaba, too, is an immense quantity of
paper, very valuable, and like the tobacco,
the property of the government. Thus you
will observe that 'Oen-Scott might pick up
a million of dollars,: or so, incidentally, by
changing slightly his line of communica
tions, while such, a change i would, secure
permanent advantages over that at present
There is alreport juit in &Om the mule
pens that -a party of inerillai have made 'a
descent upoO them, sei and hanged the
keepers;: , 'MO. made o .I with l one hundred
I Wales. • ;I , h a v e - mit ti . to• go out and as
certain the trinh!of thOlniatter, as the Edith
is nearlyready tomovei.ind Imust get my
letter otilboarld Is scion is posiible. , The'
pens areialf . Wriiiie from the city walk .
• Yours, leery' spectfullY, l, . ' INDICATOR.
From the Clulashus AillOSsion, - Muth 0 4,
JI I C/490, 1 0 1 . AMONG i 1 1.1 ..*:, , ANB.--.,
IWhO, loronlci have. thought . ibaC "Jackson.
sem i ' had made itS, way to ..chilliainka 1.. Ent
iszoAii. toy* * . 10, thOiiille,.. of Sacra.
me' icii' ti ic 4 1!ni4 1 4,4ce,**14.t . .40 1 i R this
city P. Frne P4lo4l:4oo*wioirke..,pra)c
-ti, . Al s# l to, Stlield ! I #.f ll . l 4l4o9 l oiers
ca l
et***A4Maricigk :*illielli.- )fit _:was, -
e•P.01 1 04. - ..reirSeti#44:2ool).4aoo9o4 :
be . 210 u4etured , ic' b11.P.44 1 .*#4 , 09.
1 wh4144 6 . joidigi . 4.1 1 44, 11 .10% ,PoAleir
- . ii:l44 -7 44riut tbe4, l 4, 4 rii:
i• tli: A50p.4( •,, e*15 . 4 - -ibe imidir.
3_ -.. •
.... - 4*,*,.40,:1iii ***a,
'aiti*i*.i l• Ill'id* OntiVlCA'!;
days since a Mexi .. ~ -officer dischised:touf:,
thell'inysteriouriob* I. .
..='!=, :.: ..' -_,
' ' I.llairs Lids' 'CIO otalrelleiis
pars, &c., sent to us
In a package'of ',
i pa
by Mr. Kendall fro , Puebla, we find fuller 1
details of affair,ing :on in the city of
Mexico, though Sti ll
nothing later ?than the
29th of May. I 1
Le Courier Francis translates a powerful
articterfrom the R onador. The greater
a l
part of it is written u show that the guerilla
system will be a thousand times more disas
trous to the good citizens of Mexico than to,
the armies of the United States ;-: that the
inevitable tendency of the system - will be to
leave the honest, well disposed and thriving
inhabitants at the mercy of lawle*s, needy
desperadoes; and that such worthy indivird=
uahr, will inevitably apply to the Americana
for protection, who are too sagacious not to
grant itin full.
To prolong the war by a guerilla system
the writer deems, therefore, suicidal for Merc
ier,. The only other practicable triode, he
says, is the levee en masse of the inhabitants,
attacking the Yankees in front; in rear,
and upon their flanks. Such a !rising, if
executed with spirit, vigor and courage, he
thinks would be successful, although the
Americans might
,gain advantages in the
outset. Such a rising the editor :fully ap-
proves of and still advocates, but i 0 will nev
er take place, he says ; not because it is
impossible in itself, but because the Mexi
cans do snotheartily , desire it and have 'an
intention of making it. Such being the
case, he calls upon his countrymen not] to
solicit a.peace, but to listen to theovertures
which may be made to them. He writes
with great clearness arid forte, and had we
room we would re-produce the article. Sirch
appeals must tell powerfully in Mexico for
peace. The people are unused to them.
One of the last acts of Gen. Bravo while
he remained in command was to .4anction a
plan for the preservation of order in the city,
which was adopted by the municipal coun
cil. We should give the plan at length had
it not been ultimately rejected by the gov
ernment, but the design was to enroll the
citizens, foreigners as well as natives, for
the single pupose of watching oven the'secu
rity of private persons and property, and
maintaining public order. Of theie citizens
companies of thirty or forty were to be
formed, who were to elect their own offi
cers; &c., &e. The project was approved
by Senor Annya, by the Governer of the
city, and finally by General Bravo. When
it was submitted to Senor Baranda. the
Minister of the Interior, it was rejected by
,him summarily as beingscandaloos, impru
' dent and detestable in every respect. The
council, nevertheless, promulgated the plan,
when the government arbitrarily interfered
and 'suspended the operation of it. It re
ceives no praise for this act from the Moni
tor ; quite the reverse.
The resignation which Gen. Riiicon ten
dered of his office, as second in corriniand to
Gent Bravo, had not been accepted by the
government on the 29ih ult.
In the Courier Francais we find an ex
tract from the Boletin de la,Demotratia, the
organ of Farias. It is a witty, caustic re
view of the defence of Santa Anna at Cer
ro Gordo,- made by Senor Jiminez. We
can nuderstand that Santa Anew finds his
position uncomfortable with a few:papers of
this kind, as witty, as remorseless, pouring
hot Shot into him all the while, and he una
able to defend himself by pointing to a sin.
gle net of successful gallantry ih this war
by which to deprecate the contempt excited
against him.—N. 0. Picayune.
The letters which the Picayune has re
ceived do not confirm the late reports that
peace proposals had been offered General
Scott. That paper filinka Gen. S cott was
! vet at Rio Frio.
A correspondent of the Nevi' Orleans
Times, , says that Jarauto, the priest who
headed - the latefuerilla attack, be returned
to Vera Ciuz. The Governor wa l informed
'of his arrival, and immediately thok meas
urel for his arrest, but se far without sue
cesti. His horse and accoutrements, and
some other small articles, have been found,
and hopes are entertained of discovering
his place of concealment. He is supposed
to be in some one of the vaults Or,,recesses
of the Cathedral, which is surrounded with
soldiers to preventerircommunication with,
or egress from its interior.
4 large sum of money has heed, found in
some secluded vault in the castle of San
Juan de Ulua. It is uncertain Whether it
beltings to the Mexican Government or to
some individuals.
Major Gen. Gideon Pillow arrived in this
city on Monday hist, and proceeds immedi
ately to the'proper organization or his com
mand, a large portion of which has already
From the St. Louis Revilloi, 23d oh.
Sad News from the Plain*.
Capture of a wagon Train—Murder of
Teamsters—Stampede of Cattle.
• A gentleman arrived in town last eve
ning from Westport, who informs us that
just before his departure a Delaware Indian
had- arrived from. the Plains, giving an ac
count of a wholesale warder of teamsters,
by a combined force of Arrapahoes, Coman
ches and Pawnees. The Indian is a son of
Naomi), the principal, chief 'of , the Dela
wares, and is generally considered a man of
veracity. He was found a prisoner at Taos '
when-Vol. Price took that place,s and was
liberated. His story is, that having started
homeward, he fell in with a 'large 'body of
Indians,. of the tribes mentioned, on the
Arkansas. They made him prisoner,, and
only spared his Life on condition -that he
would join them j against the wfriites. He
set their , number down at two hundred files,
which would make the total number of the
force about Imo thousand men.
Near Widnut Creek, he states, this formi
dable party met land attacked ai train of
t hi rty wagons, drawn by mulls teittns, and
accompanied only . by the drivers 'and eight
or ten.horaemen. The Indians surrounded
them, and charging suddenly, drove the
teamsters from their saddles, and Massacred
every Asian -of diem The wagons were
loaded.withgovet i ntnent storm,: which, with
the mules, the Indians appropriated to their
own um, • .
The day succeodifig this maseaere v , you ng
Naeomo was permitted , to depart, baying
bete preipeated,with a fioe,large, •4xneritan
to - 4._..,:Thie oda*, boom the tea* “lil„
oodt,:box-booeiAecogaized .es- one of
thew. elepgiug gotornolent irain rbar.
left Yon-Learenwortb. stew weelo glace.
- When our jaforment left Westpart i Maj.
&fiat Dougherty, w o iteetttly started" front
Santa Fe, with head of cattle,'wlis
there' ibr the pur tlfemploying mote
men.. Near Council diove, his ;herd wadi
a. stampede, and one hundred and fifty es
caped. -It was to go in search off' these that
the additional aid would be required.,!Coun
cil,Grove is a hundred and forty miles, dig
tent from Westport.
We furtherlearn that the Delawares are
preparing to send a war party against , the
Osages. The latter•tribe has recently taken
three Delaware sc a lps. The Indian who
gave the information respecting the. team
sters; says there were a few Osages among
the murderers. •
Important from CouncillßlOlfa
We had the pleasure last evening of a half
Hour's conversation with Maj. J. Miller, In
dian Agent at Council Bluffs; who arrived
from Weston on the Tobacco Plant..
Maj. Miller inforMs us that a good deal
of apprehension was felt by the Otoes and
Mahas; and not a little by the whites,
from a threatened' visit from the Yancton
Sioux. Early in the spring a party 'of , the
above named band of Indians came down
into the Mahe village and murdered two
squaws. The Mahas and Owes arei neigh
bors, and though aticientenemies, htive lat
terly united for the purpose of mutual de
fence. On this occasion a party, composed
of the two tribes, went in pursuit 'of the
Sioux, and killed eighe; losing on their own
side one Malta and one Otoe. They return
ed to their villages with the scalps of:the en
emy, and subsequently some of the traders
among them were so impolitic as to expose
these scalps to view as trophies of the brave
ry of their friends. This latter act led to
a threat of vengeance from the Sioux, and
hence the apprehension that the ivhitesmay
be included in any hostile ,demonstration.
To guard against the threatened descent ;
the two tribes near Council Bluffs will remain
at home and unite as much as possible.—
Their villages are but some five mileri distant.
About one hundred of the Yanctons, it is
said, have taken up the hatchet, and they
were in expectation of being joined by some
two hundred more from other bands,:
able to make their demonstration : by the
15th inst.
Major Miller informs . tis, also, that the
Grand Pawnees, living on the south.side of
the Platte, about one hundred miles west of
the Missouri river, were very hostile to the
whites. These are the Indians who :robbed
the United States wagon train last kill
ing one man and driving off one hundred
and sixty head of mules. Recently, in a
talk with Major McElroy, the overseer of
the Pawnee farm, Siracherish, the principal
chief, informed that gentleman that if his
great tather, the President, desired' to get
his mules again, he should send a great many
rum, and a great mnuy guns; else the red
men would kill those sent to get th'e mules
and take their guns away from therri.
These bravadoes, in connection with the
fact that the Pawnees have in their posses
sion a large number of American horses,
saddles, &c., have an injurious effett upon
other frontier tribes, who are learning to de
spise the authority of the United States„
We learn further from our inforn4t;that
a few days before - he ,left Council 11141111.,
Pawnee, belonging on the north side of the
Platte, and a member of a friendly band, re
turned from an expedition he had made with
the Grand Pawnees, the ostensible Object of
which, at starting out, was warfare affainst
their enemies, the latans.
He reports, however, that instead of going
against the latans, they followed the trail of
the Oregon emigrants, who recentlyi left the
'Western frontier, overtook them on the head
waters of Kanzas river, and :demanded a
parley. They told the whites; they wanted
presents, which they must have, or they
would attack them. The emigrants gave
them some presents, with which the Indians
were dissatifted, and demanded more. •
The emigrants then prepared to defend
themselves, but could not succeed in i gather
ing in their stock. The Indians thereupon
fell upon the cattle and killed more than fif
ty head, besides taking, a number of: horses.
Major Mctlroy reports to Major Miller, that
seven of the horses had been brought in.—
The friendly Indians state that numerous
small parties of eight or ten warriors are
hanging on the rear of these emigrants, to
strik when opportunity offers. '
In view of the foregoing facts, it seems
very evident that unless a strong Military
force be speedily sent into the hostile, region,
serious difficulties may tie anticipated.—St.
Louis Reveille, 20th inst.
The New York Post compares Co, Doni
phan's expedition from Missouri through
New Mexicoto the mouth of the RiotGrande
with the famous expedition of the five
hundred Greeks under the renowned leader
of nearly similar name, Col. Xenophon.—
The last has become classic because it was
told in so charming anianner by Xenophon,
and all Doniphan has to do is to write as
perfect a , history of his expedition to Make it
be read with admiration two thousand.years
hence. The Greeks were led near Bablyon
through Amenia to the Black Sea, thence
to Chrysopolis, three thousand four hundred
and sixty-five English miles. It wasaccom
plished in fifteen months, and a !erg pea of
it through an unknown mountain4ani and
hostile coiintry, and in an inclementlseason,
the Greeks losing every thing exc*pt their
lives and arms. Doniphan and the Nisson
rens travelled over six thousand rhiles in
twelve months, neither receiving 4upplies
nor money, but living exclusively ;on the
country through which they pas4ed, l and
supplying themselves with powder and
balls by capturing them from the
They fought three battles, in each of which
they were victorious, over greatly superior
numbers. These are the two tupst
markable expeditious that have ever; ' occui.-
large and respectable Meeting Was , held At
Harrisburg, n few days since, in favOr 4f
Gen. Taylor es our next candidate! for the
Presidency. Judge . Dock, of 'Hairtisliurg,
presided at the meeting., ;The Hori.!Elimoti
Cameron introduced to the audience JohO
M. Read, Esq,, of Philadelpha, late Atto
ney General of Penis* ia ' , 41r0 addres•
a d the, meeting in an . 3 . uent' mailner.÷
The•meeting wag , it hi mm e, eitch .
s u r e ly of dernotrata; and morns' klf , thesit
the most distinguished democratsllof thir,
state. • /
414e', pelvic's "Absoctite.
. • .•.
" Here tihisH the Pieta , the Peofiltes rights maintain,
Unwed If3r infhiettce, aniiunbrihed by gain."
mONtrtiosz. JuLT
*"1.141.1 , 1C1S R. SaIUNK.! '
of Allegheny co.
of Montgomery.:co.
For Governor,
of Centre co.
Canal Comthissioner,
of Cumberiand,co.
It is vdry desirable that the People of this
county should be awake to the important
interests ;which they have at stake in the
approaching election. Believing as we do
that every well informed readet (and we
have but t few who are riot 'so,) has made up
his mind! whether he will vote fOr Shunk or
Irvin in October next, we conclude to leave
the question whether Gen.' Irvin voted for a
tax on tea and- coffee', or not, to our-neigh
bors of :the " Register" and " Democrat,"
who hate incessantly debated the subject
through ;their columns for the last !two or
three months Past, and allude to subjects of
a more local nature. j In respect to what
offices to be supplied this next fall, then, are
we most
; immediately and' especially inter
ested ?
The counties of Susquehanna, Wayne
and Wyoming, together are. to elect a Sen
ator to ',represent them tor three years.—
This is tin office, which, in view of its long.
tenure and the important interests to , be pro
moted competent incumbent, is of first
importance to the electois of those three
counties.; Especially is it so with the Peo
ple of Susquehanna county, which lies be
tween the North Branch canal and Ni Y.
R. Erie :Railroad Improvements, with tile
prospect; of both being completed '
three ye(trs, and a connection being present
ly formed by a Railroad from Tunkhan
nock to great Bend—a connection which is
now eliciting no little attention among capi
talists both of this and adjoining States.-,-
Sound policy we think will readily suggest
the kind,: of man needed tinder such eircum F
stances tor that office, and; if in the field,
we prophecy he will be elected triumphant
ly by the People.
Though this is an Office of comparatively
minor, is of considerable imphrtance:
It is too t frequently used for rewarding party
.hacks, tore at the expense than to the piTi
fit or convenience of the People. .To ob
serve th.iit this has been too frequently the
case, and that it is the policy of the •Fire
proof Clique to have a usable man nomina
ted, needs but little reflection. Capability
Well as honesty is an importazit qualifica
tion, hoWever obzioxinus when coupled with
independence it may be to the wire:pullers
in office] whO yearn so eagerly to exercise
politicaCpower and influence over the Peo
ple for their own private advantage.'
The People are resolved to elect, a man
Avho is in favor of •reduciis the expenses of
the CoMmissioners' Office by severa)
red dollars per year, and they will have
The - ,F l eople have concluded to ;elect a
man who is able and willinkfaithfullyip aud
it the accounts of the CoMmissioners next
year, awd not leave it with them co audit
their own accounts, in their own way.
'OE NORTH AND TOE 80111 1 11
Senatnr Benton, in a recent splech in
Missouri, had the magnanimity toiexpose
the designs ot southern politicians for the
extension of slavery, and. zrges his southern
political friends to yield to the just et:aims of
the North in the selection iofti candidate for
the next Presidency. Mr. Benton appears
very anxious for concessidn and -coinprom
ise betwCen the North an d South, end he
prophecies, ifsuch a coneiatory spiiit does
riot prevail, a dissolution of the Union. The
North have already compinmised.toli much
—they have yielded whertiit was thtiir right
and duti to stand firm--but if we c4o read
the sigrui of the times, the People }of the
North are now settling baCk,upon a firm ba-•
sis—a Plymouth basis--With a stert4 deter
minatiopi not to coropromiio or toler4t e any
thing tlait will serve to • sivead widar and
broader: the. blighting cubikof.elavert.
. We tire told that among politicicias front
the slava Statesi - two pa 'es exist- in ion=
gretis ; One in favor of ad ering to. tie Mis
souri cO43promise, and of,, xtendingiheline
of N. Lat. 36, 30, to t e Pacifiq as , the
Northern boundary of sh4ery ; the Oh!! in, -
favor of, l'estraining this' issouri fxbipretn7
ise within the Rocky Mou tains, tote ter-,
•, •
ritory aoually in possess' nof the Ppited i
States 0 the date of th . cornproznise in,
li ii
/818, a ; leaving the wh e region be ; raid,
them, u 1 to Lat. 42; oriel* to'slavery.:- The'.
reader ill perceive shit : eh, a thetl:forl
ties seeh t i the extension . ;slavery . mer, ill
toniteriAguth :, of ,Lat:3o Mk as 4. in the;
mspeciire lionexatiOn ofl irsieocovw th at
greater - liortion of the - Un
. .
vvilf aboverceive that in - seeking tj t ice,
er against " Northern encroUchment," the
Smith asks nothing More, 0, no! nothing
more; than an -overwhelming preponderance,
that will enable it to. control forever the na
tional legishtion. Each of these parties is
quite modesi in its demands, 'though the last
is rather the most so!
We know of but two Compromises in
slavery ; one in the Federal Constitution,
the,other in the act sif Cong i reu for admit.
ting Missouri. The first merely provided
for leaving slavery es a Stine institution,
where it then existed, but did not contem
plate" its extension, or anything else than its
ultimate extinction. The,,,itecond, which
thoroughly violated the spirit of the first,
provided merely for the extension of slavery
South of Lat. 36, 30, over tirritory then in
actual possession of , the ttnion. Neither
contemplated the extension or slavery over
an inch of Territory that might be Subse
quently acquired. Then if the spirit [9f the
Constitutional coinforomise Were ,violeted by
the Missouri compromise, how enormously
would the latter be violated hy the extension
of slavery over any territoryl acquired from
Mexico. - ' •
Well, the 71st Anniversa*of American
Independence has phased or, it'd the record of
accidents by gun-pOwder exidosions, &c. re
mains to be made, with an Occasional copy
ing of sentirnenth" spiced with wit, and
perlhance - seasoned with ardent patriotism.
As the 4th came on Sunday, the Ist", 2nd,
3d ind sth days have each in different pla
ces been observed as fit occasions for cele
brating our nation's birth-day. Indeed the
wish of a zealous patriot of sable hue, as ez
preised by him at an " Abolition Celebm
don" of the 4th in Ithaca not long since
seems this year to have been most admira
bly answered. It was this:
"'De fort of jqy—might it come four
times a year." -
It so happened here, by the bye, that neith
er day referred to was appropriately obserV
ed,,except by the colored population of our
town, who resorted to their usualretreatior
such occasions in Forest , Lake; where they
discoursed of liberty, fin— which, it was
agreed, if they had not fought, most of them
had run most stoutly. As to the toasts read
after the cloth Was, removed, we have beard
but one repeated—it was thil:
De brack faiesek—May dey neber be
more 'noyed by de impotent ''dresses ob de
white folk." •
By the way, tve have rather unintelligent
and enterprising black population in this
community. - They have in Montrose two
churches, "Zion'!;" and "Bethel," with
Seminaries of learning, &c.. With all, for
the improvement of their' argumentative
powers, to enable them to arrive at logical
and correct conclusions upon given premi
ses, and that they mhy render efficient ser
vices to the abolition society of this place
when called upon to take part in their dis
cussions, they have a debating society. The
following among other questions'have been
seriously debated by them we are told :
" Which - is most useful to man, the hog
or the sheep ?"
"Which is lawful Motheeof the chicken,
the hen that laid the egg, or. the hen that
hatched it 2"
" Which is the strongest; fire or water"
The last question Aye understand was de
cided in favor of fire, as it. could "run up
The boys in and about town, in the ab
sence of all Sabbnth School Holiday obser
vances, celebrated the , evening of the 3d by
firing crackers, throwing fire-balls, &c., to
the amusement of some and the alarm of
others. On the night of the sth their dis
position for fun - and frolic being again arous
ed, and to heal all mistakes 4 any had been
committed in selecting the proper day, tbeir
fire operations were resumed. Theirgrand
entree was a torch-light procession. This
was performed with much 1 regularity and
appeared very well. IThen followed the
throwing of fire-halls which I were: furnished
to them quite liberally. This exhibition
would be interesting and comparatively
without danger, would the buys content
themselves only 'to 'throw them up into the '
air within the Public Avenue. But as there
are usually fo'ur or five bkick sheep in a
flock, so we generally find in a large assem
bly of boys.four or l five ill-brd, lawless; di&
agreeable and vicious creatures, Wheisbould
never be permitted to leave home save un
der the eye of their parentS . Ar masters. So=
was here and these reckle ss boobies could'
not be fully satisfied without _now and-then ,
throwingi a ball of" fire - upon the dwellings
and otheri i ibuildings of our citizens, and thus , .
as the . roofs were! „extremnlY dri, intlipon
,them to destruction by fire.
s j Some of those'
boys should have been apprehended by the ,
High Constable, aken ,direetly before the.
Burgess and fined for it viol ionof the Bor
ongh Ordinance it'l ;??11:et4g' i th
71ie public orn
aments. ikruayiyet hed one. ,
A qUestion for solntiOu bab bee
n raised like
this--,6 Should theimented itrepertY ef 'Per' -,
sons furniiihini*ititeir spir t d ofteirpoustine
for se datigernus'isebe consum ed its maw
qnence of such owe, would n • the Sompany
insuring lie refeased *ow libbility r - Me
will not undertake to ' answer !this query,bnt
baring: heard IC ' sties 4 by the emu' of 'ett'
... ~ ' 1 !I . , ... ~
eeeelfeet,rompanr which h many imam-
WS -iisika,jn,ibis. eifinin: , we ,l l l l# it ProPr
or to repeat it thus pulgiely.f theaonsider4
ail - 4444e ieecriled -
rip6lile, ' atmosphere; forkitilsot WO*
three dity bas. Neil; like it , heated . °stew
the mercury ranging about
. 10,io tbeAkide.