Newspaper Page Text
liteVeiglrdlte'tlAnk all the tv7iile if nie
fortune•Couldafforgit. Ah, poor Captain,
,/ knew kiln, *bilk. he was a man, ands'
braver nor a better*iger nivir stood in shoe
If ye'd Oeen him as I have, wid
.lis bunatiful wiro alongside ou him, his
bright soord by hill side, and his eye spark
, ling wid the bright hope, ye'd not laugh at
:10 1 4 now. The bk)ody Ingun Seminoles ru
,itied his meet lady- t ', if they'd murthered her it
mould ha' been t l / 4 . ifilessin' but, no manlier
he's nivir been thqstime min -since 1"
As nobk a hennas ever beart in man's
bOsom dwelt in the breast ofpoor Jabk Mo.
Nro 'D • " •
rim— • • e
News a oc totek.
From bie Public Leder er , Jan. 11.
From AO Arniy.
The news froth' Mexico, by yesterday's
triails, is import* provini, as it does the
determination of ttiti Mexican Congress, not
to twat Of peace until every hostile foot has
/eft their soil. ' Tito cost of 'the war, thus
tar; has been too gtbat ; the numberof troops,
present,.too hirke, and the success' of the
American arms Too brilliant to adinit the
*tight' of relin4ishing any of the advan
tages tilmady gain §d over our foe, or to with
dtaW from the coutitry until the object, which
tailed our troops4nto it, is completely ac
iiimplished and titience triumphantly eon
/Inered from Mc. co. The determination
of.the Mexican Ciingress then compels our
government to cltinue its 'offensive opera
tions,andove trusty with such force and vigor
as will eroWn those efforts with success.
The ten addition td regiments of regulars,
Which governmeu proposes to raise, will
augment our fors some eirht or nine
thousand men, 4ich Will increase the or
ally in Mexico to 3,000. This amountniay
tti-iswer the purpo t r ges of the war, hut fifty
thousand men wild not be too many and
would sooner sector a peace which 'has to
ile bought from th - V enemy by hard knocks
and a terrible Oirashing. The progress
of the till for ?lasing The ten regiments
is slow in the liotise. By the proceedings
ISt:Saturday we learn that Mr. Rathbun's
sitbstitnte to the 111 providing for the raising
of volunteers, instead - of regulars, was finally
'voted down after laving been carried. The
vote on the orginip Bill has not yet been
taken, though amendments have been adopt
ed prohibiting mOnbers of Congress from
being appointed otlicers in the'regiment, and
providing for the n.ppointment of a Linden
miat-Veßeral. Willi these exceptions the
Bill is as it came ,from the C4mmittee..
From the immosl:lc seat of war we have
a rumor that Sanra - Xnna is advuncinw' with
15,000 men upon Oen. -Worth, who is falling
back upon Monter§v. Worth's force at Sal
'Olio is only 1300;r but,even as small as this
• iti,.we do not belieie that he will retreat from
that city unless die odds are enormously .
"against him. Tli(1 rumor which speaks of
his falling back is)contraclicted by another,
Which says that Oen. Taylor, on being in
farmed of the factipf Santa Anna's advance,
despatched two reements to reinforce Worth
tit+ Saltillo, and intended to follow himself
with all his dispOsiible force.
Whatever mrtOie the fact, one timing is
eertain—that if SOnta Anna wishes a fight,
he can very easily be gratified ; and if he
eotaes as far as Saltillo he will he likely to
hare an opportunity to test the courage of
his troops and histown skill and generalship.
- We look with intOest. for the next accounts
front the army foe: a confirmation of these
reports. • .
Fro4)..the N. Y. Com. Adreitiser.
Approach tat the City of Mexico.
If a march Ate Mexican capital, from.
Vera Cruz as thealtarting point, is determin
ed on, we all hal an interest in knowing
what is to be enciaintered on the road. The
following itinerary, as it may be called, has
been made up fit, authentic sources, and
IS believed to be .cutate.
Vera Cruz.— he city of Vera Cruz is
walled round, with a fort at each extremity
o the water froni; the walls on the land
side are loophol4i for musketry. Parapet ,
guns have been •re.cently moanted on the
walls. The city walls are very thick, of°
coral rock ; the walls' of the houses are usu
ally 24, feet thick and the -roofs are flat.
Each house has tcistern or cisterns of rain
Water. The cityits well paved.
~ From Vera Cry: to /lexica—About ten
tidies from Veracruz is.astream2oo yards
wide, erotised 4„a ferry in scows, or by
swimming horses The next stream,
about 30 miles'ftitin Vera Cruz, is fordable,
and is also,spanned by a wooden bridge cull
ed Puente ; del 1?4, (the King's bridge,) and
also the national bridge. Near it on the
'right is an emince O of - about 60 feet, on
- Which is a fort, cmpletcly commanding the
approach and brilige.
Between these tridges and Jalapa the road
passes near sevelal heights, from which`the
natives annoy invaders on the road.
City of Jalai.—This city stand on very
e p e
.. evated ground4yet for many miles the as
s nt . iii quite gratual. From the city; Vera
OrtiZ . :ii visible, a is also the sea, 90 miles
distant. The cifrvitself is upon a high hill;
highest in the ceiltre, so that the streets in
cline coasiderabty ; so much so that no
Wheeled vehiclepi pass along any ofthem
except th e imaisstreet, or road, which has
a considerable rap and descent. The city
is surrounded bypt wall, and has a strongly
built Church neattlie Western gate, which
could be convenOid into a citadel. The
streets are paved .1 1 The houses as in other
: Mexican towns, are of stone, with Sat roofs
iron.find barred Windows. Oppositethe city
rotstx the left of .theiOad, is a hill from which
ltbe road might biannoyed and shells thrown
iatu.the town- Sr the distance of six or
: antes- ftiiles bet* reaching the town, the
sasitis a handso and substantial structure
d checkered pav4,ment,andmast have been
; ,Perot..-At tip base of a high mount,
ame,some distance from
„able soadott , thelL is a cluster of houses
.1 . 01 10 4 at Chufeki ed Penite.
jeattle of Pero ...-Opposite, on the right'
atitheXttadeand mending it in everrdi
..rAFtkei•alands thit Ale: It is upon , a flat
aalidy Allot r built of stone and en
eitcied by. a deep fosse or ditch. The
asainmrtrance is; going.tiver a clievanz
,dersze.by a stilei,z .esccutlOg some twenty-.
. - .01`11411Y stone ' x/144(1114w of the
n lrb crossing the gatear WOO are
With a '
""egy of.. '‘votis woutisted
tfouted:-.: Ns: to € t o f.stoop a n ** fa ,
`arq!Ml ,fmtaine aboii juimpo.
inhabitants; here w r is abundant, bui
from the natiolialbridge to) this city no water
can be obtained; the l'.napves substituting
puique as a beverage.
From Jalap,a•to .P ehla there are occad•
sional !might. nearihe rind, wiach, if .forti
fled, might annoy invaders. In fact, from
Vera Oruz to Puebla this is the case ; the
travel being alternately over broad and un
obstructed roads and farrow passes, com-
mended, by heights. !. The road
through; Puebla . The Pueblanos have a by the arrival there of the stoat.
peculiar character; they are cunning and _iy LAC :"Outu.... --__
from tbd army, which reached
ma. She left the BrazOs oh
courageous and the m) ft, exert robbers and which date there was no newt
assassins throughout Mexico, whereihere is
interest from Saltillo, froth whicl
no lack Of such. If 84 ihrender'is brought red-thit'uthe danger of tut attar
before ati atcelde, anii where else, and is
!marine tires supposedi- When G
known or ascertained to be 'a Pueblano, hie express' was .despatchedt Th
condemnation is sure. Watson il Ridgley, and other B
Cordovti. . A stnallialled and garrisoned had anyed at New Orleans,
town through which ilie'read passes. Be - of Washington, died on the pa
yond Piiebla the road hrgood till it reaches
the mountain of Cordofa, about midway be, dates front Matatnoras are to
Since the lust dates rumor's of ba
tween the former and the city of Mexico,
es and Counter-marches, Wool's
Where the ascent is very rugged and steep,
off, iVdith's division drivim bac
thhugh Without defiles-:' Near the road, at
th i efoot °Nils nvountaini Passes the Rio Frio, rey froth Saltillo, that he and C
for were shut up in _Monterey,
oticold river, Which hatiits rise in the neigh- ed. "..': •
biking mountain of Popocatapetl, 17,000 Gen 2 Scott and his staff have
feet ahoVethe level,of the sea. A work en
some of the heights of Popocataped would! previous in great haste for Cat.
On going up the river, they at
command the road. ; ' with' a email, bringing intelliget
After leaving ;the mountain of Cordova the
of the corps of observation helot
road is food and unobstructed, with plenty
to Anna's Army had been ii
of water, to the !city of ;Mexico. For sever
al miles before reaching that city the road where Wool was,- and that it
Worth at Sandi°. TwiFgs an
is delightful, pa.4simg betweettparallel canals
and rotes of Lombardy poplars. as per 'previous accounts.. Gen
division: had crossed the river ,
The .Lake 01l TezpOo.—.This lake com- do five idaY-s previous, and wool
menceCon the right of the road near the his destination. Gen. Taylor, it
city, into which its waters arc carried by a I would,,ito doubt, return hoar
.canal, the latter serving also to drain the
Gen. Scott takes commend.
gutters, ! de. into the hike The so-called
Patterett reaches Victoria, all
hike is a large, long and ' very irregularly , Sari LMs yid! be shut up.:
shaped basin, sliallow;* and containing nu- ! Adv i l a es Troy, been „„i ye d i
nierous . small islands and covered by myri- •
co to the 30th alt. Every tliit
ads of wild ducks.. The depth of water ye
et and orderly. The baroue I
ries with the season ; in the rainy months New York, had arrived at Tani
the basin is filled i and then it assumes the ! company of artillery under Cat
appearance of a large lake. Being the re- der, and Were at once marche
ceptaele of all the, drainage from the city it i Mr. Chase, the former Cons
is very 'filthy. 'l l, ' he canal front the city' appointed Collector of thp Cust
passes through it, ifed fly its waters, five or pie°. 'The rumors of attacks t
Six miles in a Seuth East direction to the' co were considered as only 31
small fort of Chalet', at the. extreme margin* --
Great competition exists among
of the basin in that direction. This canal rates are i 45 per foot in and 1. - . 4 •
is used for transporting produce into the . associations of pilots are' in e!
city and for pleasure excursions in gondolas, : MeXietin and the other Americ
&c; - .: A slip from Norfolk has •b
City of litezico.-4LIe all other Mexican here, dated yesterday Th
cities this. has wa11.4. and houses of stone, MissisSippi had arrived from Ar
with flat roofs, &c. his well paved; a girt- w hi c h oh,„ s h e l e ft mi , t h e .2
ter four' feet wide passes through the centre the 20th' December Com. Pert
of each 'street, covered by broad flag stones, i eral vessels, took possession of
removable at - pleasure.: All the gutters are destroyed the guns end munit
drained into the canal or lake,' The city found in the port and town.
has many large and strong Chtirches and with two vessels, had been le
other great buildings, easily converted into Off the' Alvarado, the Mississi
fortresses. If its walls were repaired and the Melicati sehr. Ametia, am
mounted with cannon, and well garrisoned, , New Orleans. - Purser Crust):
it could -make a formidable resistance to . killed oh hoard the Vix:en by
falling from aloft. ,
Santa Anna has been de.
new Clingress as duly 61eeted
the Republic. From a further
of the files of Mexican -paperi:i
that no direct action was had I
by the -Mexican C'angress. '1
papers convey the impreission . i
is to bathe great battle groan(
The official accounts of event
gelos, an the Pacific, in reknit
tion of the•trth September, 'r
Americans were made prison
mounded. One Mexican hi
Americans. The conquerors tl
to the city of the Angels, an
September in the town capituli
The-terms of the surrepder
with AS. much deliberation as
terev, and are detailed at lengt
Gem Jessup, and his staff,
'240 sick And discharged. soldi
sengers m the Alabama.
During the festival days, which arc very
numerous, the haciendas for twenty or thir
ty miles around, send into the city not less
than 10,000 mourned peatiantry of the. bet
ter class, most expert horsemen. They are
courageous #►nd skilful in the use of the lance,
lasso. and machete, which is a large and
heavy knife" Nothing more would be ne
cessary than for the padres to go forth into
the streets of the principal cities, particular
ly Puebla and Mexico, elevate their crosses
and appeal to the bigotry of the population
to rally an immense force of bold, active
and desperate men, who would make fierce
resistance to an invasion.,
Freaks of Electricity.
During the storm on the Bth inst., there
were some curious phenomena exhibited in
the effect. produced upon the wire of the
Telegraph, and the instruments of the ope
rators in the. office.
On commencing to use one - of the instru
ments in the morning, it was found' to be
unmanageable, from the great surplus of
electric fluid, which, of itself, put the pen in
rapid motion, "writing dots," as the term is,
in style worthy of an. Old hand at the instru
If. being found impracticable to do any
thing with such an erratic and. self-willed
agent, the operator turned the current of the
fluid' to the ground, and Ipt it work off the
extra Steam as fast as it pleased.
One of the. wires, when disconnected with
the instrument, was discovered emitting from
' its point a most brilliak flame, of the inten
sity peculiar to electric fire, and as large as
the blaze of a candle. This striking ap
pearance being caused by the passage of
the fluid from the termination of the wire
' into the plastered brick Wall of the building,
which is but a dull conductor. A newspa-
I per on Which the wire was laid, was scorch
' ed by the passing fluid.
~Mr. Partridge, the
operator, received two pretty severe shocks
'in arranging the wires, so as to,.put every :
' thing out of harm's way, that the lightning
could play its freaks after its own fashion ! :
Similar results have been before produced
in The summer, during he4y thunderstorms,
but this is the first instance we have beard
of, When they have occurred in winter.—
' Bulalo Courier. .
We learn with pleasure khat a bill is about
beingbninglit before Congress by the ap
propriate, committee, providing for the con
atruCtion pf tbur War Steamers. This is a
subject which we regard as interesting to
every section-of the Union, and more par
ticularly to Pennsylvania, at this juncture of
our affairs. seems to us that uur govern
ment has:been' rather remiss in. providipg
this inosretfieient means of defence and. at
tack. Miss heretofore been regarded more
in the light of an experinientiltan.otherwille.
The day, , however, Las gone by when 'War
Steamerii are to be regarded as experiments,
if they are
* properly eonatructed, and we
trust the bill may speedily ibe passed:l The
maekiniSta Arid iron wen jof
have heretofore exhibited - their unrivalled,
skilkin the construction Of MaelliAlerY 9f the
description necessary for thasesterunera, and
we trust if this bill pease& they may - again
have an opportunity-ofila:ming their ability
to fit out ft war steamer of the very first or
gir lifaata Anna .tip. , administered an
0 411140 the officers of his troopo, not tol take
the, Byes d aal,Americium :who night fall
into.4 l o.T*o l s ll ,,bat tu lietOi " th em into the
ine4oo alktrimOnen of war,
' "LaiOr from 1lIeh1c• A
Santa 4nna Elected Pi;esiden , of the Re.
publii.—capture of Liiguna . y Comma:.
dore:Perry—The Official Account of thi
*tit* ...at Los Angclh—Gen. Wool at
Balt~lla—Safety. of Gen. Woith—Geri,
Taylor about to return home— Letter from
the Southern mail we hay,
A most terrible accident
Thursday evening, on the Rea
near ➢dill Creek, by which se
The fatal catatroph
by the explosion of the bpiler
tive atixiched to k train of he
the way from Richmond to t
It occurred about eight o'cl
part of the train passedi the r
at Milt Creek, and is rittribu
on theOart of the engiueer, i
up a proper supply of :Water;
den introduction of the tenter i
when, as it is supposed', the
tensely heated. The lotoino
nne mid is a complete wreck;
taking} effect upward Lind
throwitig.portions of it to a
Two pieces were found son
distant imbedded in theeartl
was a horrible one yesterda
the place around for many yar
with limbs and mutilaed
bodies; and pieces of torn and
As fatias is known, there w
persons on the loeomotitie, or:a
train, 0 of whom, from the
must have been on the llocom.
der at ,the titne.—Ledgir.
President's filesS. l
To the Senate and Houie of
In . order to prosecuM the
MeXico with vigor and isucce.
sary diet anthority should.be pi
by Cotigrer.:s to increatie the
and to;;retnedy existing defect:
.With this view', you
tentior is invited to the Minna
secret9ry of War, whWi ace
message of tht; Bth inst.,i in 'twit
mends that ten additionjil re!
ular tr4ops shall be ratsed til
th e war.
Of the additional regiknorkts
which 'have been aulle&forP,
the states, ionic have been pr
but thil has not been thq case
all, the existing law, ;requi
:hould lae organized by the ini;
tion of the state governinents,
instances occasioned conaidera
it is ye; uncertain when the tr
can be".rSady for serviColin th,
It itrnur settled policylto i
of peace,' as small a regnlar a
igencies of the public will - perm
of war, notwithstanding the
tages , With:' , whifili) OUT irolunte!
diers CAM toef intii the lii
tegulan*my'must be inierear
hers in order to render the wholeforee more
Additional , officers, as well as men, they
become indispensable. - Under the eiretim - ,
itrince of opr service; a peculiar prciprietr
exists for ipOreasing the officers, especially
in the higher grades. The' officers, who,
from age or other causes, are rendered in
capable of active service in the field, has
greatly Impaired the efficiency of the army.
From the report of the Secretary of War,
it appears that about two thirds of the whole
regiment field officers are either permanent :
ly or necessarily detached frOm their com
mands On other duties. The long enjoyment
of peacehns prevented us from experiencing
much embarrassment from this cause, but
now, in a state of war conducted in a for
eign country, it has produced serious injury
to the public service.
• later dates
l evy . Orleans
hip Alaba 7
the 3d, at
it is infer.
Was not so
he Ist lost.
av e prevail-
An efficient organization of the army,
composed of regulars and volunteers, while
prosecuting the -wnr with, Mexico, it is be
lieved world require the appointment of a
general officer to take command of all our
military forces in the field.
Upon the conclusion of the war, the ser
vices of such an officer would no longer be
necessary, and should be dispensed with
upon the reduction of the army to a peace
establishment. I .recommend that provision
be made by law for the appointment of such
a general officer, to serve during the war.
It is respectfulrysecommended that early
should he had by Congress upon the
suggestions submitted for their considera
tion, as necessary to ensure active and effi
cient service in prosecuting the war, before
the present favorable season for military op
eration in the enemy's country shall have
passed away. • JAMES K. POLK.
Washington, 29th Dec., Ir'46.
ieft two days
•t a steamer
Ice that part
;ging to S:to-
The busine t ss of the Sena ! kites not been
of much iutefest. • i ►
The Cominittee on Printing, reporteA
against the printing of then memorials of the
Sugar Plant#rs of Louisiana, for the _repeal
of the Tariff‘f 1846. " • I.i.
The bill foi the sale of the Lake Sopertor,
Copper Min+, afeer sundry 'artiendmet4s
was ordered to be printed; The coitside
lion of the bill was postponed until Friday. ,
The bill giving the assent of Congress ttri .
certain State* to tax public lands, as soon:ilis
bold, was paled.
A bill to grant lands tothe State ()MO !
igan, in aid 0 internal iMpiovements, *AS!
The great topic of the week has been passed. . 4 1 E
slavery—the subject which, sooner or later, A resolutidn was passed to ask the Pre4ie -
is destined to become the all-absorbing theme dent what is Oe expense Of the Exectit*e
of political, religious, and . social discussion department tinder the new pOstage bill ; id•i
and action in this country, until the master so, a resolun4U calling on; the Secretary '`..eif
evil from which it springs, is removed. The the Treasure; for a statemOt of the amount
House of Representatives is fairly involved of public mt4ties in the public tlepositori§si
in the discussion, and with a spirit and ap- and to inquit, why a monthly statement itiaS
parent earnestness that give the best hopes no t been pubaislied. • ' • 1
for nit auspicious result. The resohition of Mr. Catheron, directin g'
The 'discussion, it will be remembered. the Secretary of the Treasury to report int ,
has thus far been only uptai the hill for in- what articlessembruced ini the tariff Of '444 i
'creasing- the army, and voting supplies. Mr. on which dui duties might be increased !se
King's resolutions, whieli have been referr- as to nugnierit the revenue. On this !a lekg;
ed to the proper committee, gave direction debate ensinfti. Mr. Niles denounced the !
to the discussion ; and when introduced will Minuend nieir , ures of Met Government, ;Os
open the whole subject, whether •we are to utterly unfit for the preseth situation ,of die
have any more slate territory, for consider , : country. Several slight eimendmentS we're '
ation. The position taken by the Northern made to thetesolution, andit was pass 4 •
members. has thus far been firm, kind, and Mr. Bentce:t introduced a bill encoUragittg
uncumproinisinz. If the proverbial want of the enlistment of soldiers, and streanouil3 l :
principle iti politicians did not suggest a urged its ad:option. Mr Crittenden libd
doubt whether this bold front will he main- Mr. Clayton made pretty decided Wier
tattled, nothing but the best results could be speeches. •; ,
looked for. Let 'us hope that neither bribe- The Vice !President being absent, left
ry, intimidation, nor party interests, will sue- request withlMr. Atchison, of Mo., to ttike
ceed in weakening the resolution of the the chair. The Senate refused to aCknorl-
North. odge Mr. Daillas' right to Choose a success-
The principal speakers who have taken er, but appointed Mr. Atchison chairtriaii,
this ground, are Mr. King, of N. Y. Mr. pro km. t ,
Grover, of N. Y., of the Democratic party,' We tegre to announce the death of ilie.
Mr. Winthrop, and several Whigs. Mr ! Hon. ISAAC ).'ENNYBACKETL, member`. of Pie
Grover congratulated the iouth on the lin- U. S. Senate froin Virginia. He ,W11..4 it
provemeut m their tactics which a willing- Democrat; xix:til__ his term .of service; wcitild
ness to discuss this subject indicated : and have continited till the 4th of March; 18 . 411.
rejoiced in the calm and reasonable manner
.Jan. l5-4 o'clock '
i .., ,
in which it had been done. The House SENATE-4A communidatien was rece iv e d.
ought to declare at the rery earliest uppor- ..from the Wilt. Department, with cepiei Of
tunny, whether slavery was to be tolerated the instructi'On to the Cherokee Chmittitt
in the territory that might be acquired. It - ; i• ,
' s t one rs.
is now time for those representing the free The Cm4nittee on thei Fost-o ffi ceireport-
Northto take their stand, and maintain it ed a hill to Provide for th; transportatioti? iii .
unflinchingly. The gentlemen of the South , the mail to Oregon. - , • 1••
should understand that there existed thro'- Mr. Benton asked the; unamineotis *t
out the entire North; but one feeling ; and sent of the Senate to introduce a bill to grant
that was never to submit to the intro- land to the non-commissioned' officers a'nti
duction of slavery by any act of Congress, soldiers serving during the war with Mexlee.
where it had previously no existence. He Mr. Cann:iron objecteq4 as the bill Was
believed every Northern member, with one calculated ter destroy the eliect of the amehcl
exception, (understood to be Mr. Douglass. meats he hail offered yesterday.
of Ill.,) was agleed on that point. With , Mr. Ashley Was excused from serv+ingiob
what face could the• South ask of the North t h e Committee on French Spoliatiotts, bind
to give up the just and holy principle of Mr. Spirgetfti appointed 0 his place. - El
keeling; slavery •where It is, when she had ' The bill to increase the - army was qien
generously opened her arms and received • taken up, tOci pending the question tilted t,
Texas with all ber ;ayes ? He would like the amendrdent of Mr.- Cameron was c,to
the Singh to, abide by her own principle's. sidered. . ; ; . 1 I
California is nowt free—for even barbarous Mr. Badger offered -a> substitute for illie
Mexico had abolished slavery—and the I amendmenti! i ! MI
South held that Congress had no power to Mr. Benthn offered his bill as a .'sultiiti
act in any manner on the subject of slavery. I tote, but, di& Vice Presiddnt ruled it iotlf, of
Very Well: whrit, then, was to be rule, ac- order.,
t • I
cording to the !law" of nations? California Several oilier amendments were Offer, N
is now a conquered territory; and the law which weretirderedto bet printed, crud 31c
of Mexico, to whom it had belonged, remain- bill was po4poned till to:morrow. , 1 ;,,;
ed the law of California, until changed by Time Lietitennut-Geneol hill was 't n
, • .. . .
' soon be at
i vas thought,
• us soon as
le passes to
r was. then
ico with the
I, had been
pon Tam pi- ,
pilots ; their
tit ult. (hi
I agai], and
'inns or war
't in chartze.
11 sent her to
1- had been
lared by the
pori the war
nt o at) LUIS
at Los An
, ti to - the ac
tates that '2.7
Hrs• and three
led, but i)
en laid seige
on the 30th
we drawn nl,
that of Mon
t in the New
in., came rib-
en wen were
of a loconio
den ears, on
C coal mines.
, just as a
ed to neglect
and the sad
nto the boiler,
dues were in-
ve was a la rgre
;rest ltl' r i ' s j t ' a n a e h e d .
le -'>)O yards
s Wks streivii
rtions of the
re hut seven
tached tb the
tin: and tan-
the sovereign pOwer of the cotiqueror. That
conquering sovereign is Codgress; and if
Congress should do nothing about slavery,
how could rlavery conic into California
This day, if Northern -men would but do
their duty, disiniss all idle fears, and come
up, (as the smith always did) shoulder to
shoulder—if they would meet the question
boldly, like men, and declare that slavery
should remain where it is, and never by
their act go an inch further, the thing
would be done !'
Mr. Winthrop *poke as if there was no
question about the 'subject. The minds of
the Northern representatives, said he, are
made up. They will not argue the ques
tion. They do not want Mexican territory,
either free or slave; but if it is insisted that
this territory shall come in, then the proviso
which shuts out slavery frourall of it, will
be insisted on.
The southern, pro-slavery side of the de
bate has as yet been indifferently•managed.
Mr. Dargan, of Alabama, made a temper
ate, but unequivocal speech, that the South
Would submit- to in) restrictions in this mat-
p ao r ioa i r t ir
t l inr y a i
eb u oa
in its organ
eh he reoni
eats of rag-
tre. Mr. Seddon', of Va., also 'spoke, in a
more southern-style, and took ground equal
ly decisive. Mr. Toombs, of Ga., and Mr.
Ligon, both spoke temperately and ably.
The vote laying that part of the Primal
dent's"Menage relating to the, appointment
of a Limit, General, on the table, was re
fin several of
in regard ,to
ing that they
as in some
considered, on • motion of Mr. Hamlin, of
Me., by a vote of 86 yeas to 84 nays. , The
subject was then referred to the Committee
of the Whole on the state of the Union.
A notice , to close the debitte on the bill for
increasing the army, was on Saturday last
adopted,add then re-considered.
Mr. Seaman, of Miss. gave notice of a bill
to prevent , the importation of foreign pau
-The_bill for erseourul
!e delay, nod
'ntain in time
t. In a state
t. , reat advan
Id, this small
In its nant-
Iging en istments in
the regular army, passed, with an amend
lireoiniNGTON, Jan. 4, 1847
•ment,-so that Government ;
charge soldiejs at any timej. '
In tkepftikregal of the•delbat on the War d,
bill, Mr. IL*. of Mi - nritu ' poke in fut'f
k i —lll7 a r- -e -11 f
of the we, `elnd
'alto Mr;;::?Ficklin, of 111.;i
who attacked Gen.. Taylor-I:and Gen.. Sc4t,l
- with great latteraesi. - Mr. - Thomption,!of
Miss. advocated the war, and insisted On
the neceptitylfor a Lt. Gen. He afterwedsp
moved an atilendment to le bill, providine
for the appointment of sue an office. Thel
motion was list by a vote nf 120 to 00,,
- Mr. RathbUn moved a elubOitute for the
bili, making It a bill to rai‘e 10,006, voltin- ]
teers, to be officered by the Stales. Tfii.4l:oa4,
lost by 104 t 103.
The bill finally passed, nearly in its °qv
inal shape, viz., adding tecr regiments to y
army, by a vine of 171 to 34.
Mr. C. J. lligersol remarked, in the cots se
of the debate that. this question must be Ole
only question of the session. CongrOsS
cannot be better employed.;
The tea and coffee tax bill has not 'bdini
renewed • it
The Oregcn Territorial 13111 is now
• I •
fore the Houk.. An amendment to thelillj
reported by the committee; Wasmadeto the
effect that nothing should be construed toin- .
terfere with the Missouri, compromise Eini
slavery—t. 4 shutting outislavery from the
territory. Iti tas not yet been voted on. fi •
taken up, geld Mr. Badger spoke in opin.,
lion to the Measure, whi§h he said spas 4th
of injustice to Generals 'gay* and-seoo.F
When M. Badger concluded, Air, 14,14
gum movedl us a test question, to lay ;herp
upon the table, when his i motion Koval):
by 28 yeas 41'21 nays. I* g
This defg3its the propoOtion for the
pointment a LientenaUt 'General.
The Gr aduation bill wits then taken
but before tiby action,wa4 had the Setiti
Howse.-0 ibsolution offered •by
Hanlin was4:Tead, asking' the Presifieni
state the nuinber and ply of niettiberil
Congress ncitv serving in MexicoJ
On motion of Mr. Donglass, the 110
went into Climinittee of the Whole on 11 ►
Oregon Terlitorial Bill, pelt. Cobb in 't
Amendmfints were adopted, limiting it e
pay of the delegate to COngress to $2 ,
requiring thit he shall be* citizen or 'Ott
ritory, andkrve for the session only to wlO h
be is elected,
An additiimal section was adopted,ieeqiiii
• , 't• i 7 -
ing the officers of the terr tory to give quic k
rity. The C ommittee th rose, and thein
as amendedwas reportedlo the Howie. 6
Mr. BurtOoved to anipad, , !by inaerge
the . amendnient recognizi g the line !of If
Missouri cotnprontise-1 t, 82 to 114. I
The. ametidtnents in committee was the
agreed to, and the question being on
passage, Mrs Leake gavel, his reasons v4h
he should receogainst theibill. He said Pi
South cannel and will nOt submit In lin
further interference with heir rights in th,
deliberate iiolation of the Misseurt•cat
promise. - .
Mrs Henlatly t ofindiiitia, said- lar
ted deliberaly s and ever alsoUld dehl
erinely agairiiitany - furth extension 'of ;i1
moils of slaw
evils of slavils4.
Mr, 'DosOiss Wet- , reioly uleisi 'll
quettionnt the 'proper time; end -444116-tht
Mr. K ing; p rohibiting: slavery in the teirke
ry'aciluired came -up, be should move to
amend, byinstrting, the prietiptes of the -
Missouri comkOrmae. - ' , - ' "
\ Mr. Clernand, Of Elie ', " ,
same side of the qticsoo
M. Rho!, delivareit a constittiiiimars
gunflint in defence of the doctrine of State
Mr. Petit againt ontended that the sover
eignty in regard to ,the new territory; rests
with the general g overnment until - reliesqu ished. .
Mr. Thunman gave.his views at length,
and without taking any vote adjoitkoed until
Senate oecnpied with l u o e c a l i t dj.
0 1 r 2 Li e . - .
titions, and resolutions. • No business of gen
cral impOrtaiice transacted. \
4 IOOSE OF REIPRESENTATIVE.I3,\:
a Rciolittions '
Mr. Bull, offered a resolution,, that\the
Committee on the Judiciary; be instructedto .
enquire into the eipediency, of reporting ii.,
bill to enable citizens to vote for the Presi
dential electors on ten days residence, insitead
' of twentk;-as now provided— Agreed to.
Mr. Blair: one that the Committee of
i Ways and Means enipiire intothe expediency
i of bringing in a bill repealingthelaw.which
Iprovides forthe taxation of WA debis and
certain other eVidences of debt: Agreed to:
The Tariff Risolutions;
On motion the House went into Commit;
tee of the Whole, on the, following resolu
tions relative to the tariff hy'Mr. 'Leyburn;
(Mr. Holy in the chair,) Which weretaketi
up on a second-reading. ' .
Whereas, the happiness and prosperity of
a country. depends upon th protection af
forded to the industry , of it citizens: And
whereas, experience the be t tealier, has
shown dot tip citizens of tit United Suites
' have always been: most hap y and prayer
' ous under a tariff that afford • direct---Eirotect
ion to the farmers, laborers, manufacturers,
' mechanies, &c.; therefore ;
Resolved by the Senate and House of Re- .
presentatires ofthe Commonwealth of Penn
sylrania in,Geneiat Asiembly met, That our
Senators in Congress be instructed and our
Representatives requested to use every hon
orable means in their power to repeal the
anti-American Tariff bill of 1846, and
stitute in lien thereof, the glotionsAinerictin
'Protective Tariff Bill of 1542.
Resolved ; That the Speakers of the Sen- •
ate and 'House of Representatives of this .
Commonweal* be • directed-to - forward a .
copy of the resolutions to each quilt Sena
' tors and Representatives iu Congres4.4.ith
a request to lay the same before the respect
ive bodies of which they are members.
Mr. Boughner offered to amend, by strik
ing out all- after the word resolved, tend .in
serfing a provision that our Congressional
' delegation be retinest&l to use their exertions
to. procure an increased duty to be levied on
; coal and iron if they deem that the same.
would produce an increased revenue to the
government. On this amendinent the yeas
' and nays were 'celled, and were As' follows:
Yeas 38, nays 54.
Mr. Moreton' Moved - to amend 15y striking
out the words "Anti-Ameriean,"'ana insert
thd words “free-trade." The iisebtionWeits
amended - 1n verbal fibrasedOiy' - anct, ilea
passed by yens "55, nays 39.' ' - '
The resolution - fequestinethe . 'Spetiker of
the flouse to transmit copies, ' &c., ris
amended so as tai request the Governdr, to
transmit the,same, and was then passed on
The Tention then reenrring on'the pre
Mr. B. ~_-
..ou g hner offered to l 'ainend by insert
lug, "that . it is die opinion of the House that
the ad valorem principle secures sufficient
revenue and just; protection."
Mr. Hilands offered to amend the ntriend
ment, by inserting, .a clause reOgnizing 'a
- contrary doctrine, and on this aineddtfieile
the vote stood, yeas 55, nays 39.
Wednesday, Jan.-1 1 ,1847. : ''
Bills Read in Place. .
Me D - arsie : e supplentept to the act to'
create the office Of State printer: '
• Air:Sanderson itibflement td the aft
Committee - of Ile Whole. '
I • -On motion of Mr. Dtiriie;the Semite Ott- -
Fsidered, in eoinniittee of the wholi; the sti
plement to the netid create the
printer, and then the same was rend a'steond•
and third time and paSsed.
Mr. Striith- offered the fallowing rescd& -
Resolved, That the Committee on the
Militia be instructed in ingnire into the 'ax- -
pediency of so eh - lending the militia
to render the' syStem no longer ridraitipolr
Mr. Johnson-Moved to amend bystriking
out all after the word "resolved," and:ln
serting: That Mile Committee on - 100 Militia'
he instructed to inquire' into Itlie iipedieney
of abolishing the!militia systeni Of the Coat=
mon wealth, by r4etilingtdi the law's in three.-
, After a few Words from' lteisrs: , Ci;tibir,
and Diitsie, Mei:question win; to the'
amendment, and it was negatiyedl ' iiii The'
resolution was agreed to. • . '
• nouse , 'or nienestmrsTives.
The Spenkcrlaid before the Hnhse
•contimunientitin froin the State Treasurer,'
in answer to the' follouing resolution
• Satfirday,'JanAth,llBo. )
On motion of Mr. Lawrefino i .
Resolved,: Th'ut the State • TtieliPt:::
requested to inform this netilerivhether
will bei a sfifficietilinnotrtit iictivailahle funds - ,
in the Treasuiy en the'lst.FebrunrytOntee e,
the interest then ffilliligduis ; and ifso, tri g rpe- -
from-what siareen he extteeti,
the nmnant; butt if there should 'be
cieney in the Treasury oh the Ist - nr.rehhit-•
cry_ to meenha, interest, thew 'Whet ine*ii ,
he would -suggest to nieet theepiergeh4
and preseve the- Csith of the, Commonwealth:
. ; 11 ,4 1 11 13 1 t i r .,
In tins ,edinrilunicatton
stated,. that, there mill be ,
su ethat f want
of funda,itk_ the Treasury,to, thleo),;ped-7
ditures, redLieeth debt, and leavit:Chidtineet
of 1479,119'91 lit therTf,eatr,ust,94•:l;fit,
of the habil, year it tho'•Y**Of 'life NOV
aid iigoroullY .501,44490 Pt