Newspaper Page Text
I . I 41110NOth .. '
Whitfield is:rikto - say, , le tikkocotiee - whithe
DevO shetddlissie 41, ihitty. cominsH , :itio be, mar.
riad'lns4 of diii . . ~w-l.ntin*Ann we ,
to sanged 1 . 1 ' 0 04 4 0 10 ' ' 4l # 2611 0. 1 " Pf this
day, ware anetrtinh 4 at+ . * ls*? Ant an, Ido
n " See-*lliiiitadi of the iti!ii il,iiiiil44 be con-,
peastelkialßiOsoi, in..,jl ‘ .. _ nongs : , A. cold wa
ter Mai; *iingliii life ..,,,:, • bOll.l a lunch better
chance.,7eldra lynch be. , . ,.. • riStitl,' , ioe: meal than
the Waal • !tr . i , nersiiilltnY: Certainly,
that " harp of -r . ! "Ida 14Y 'aid men
tal *Mae, will etlit in . 0 . int4tletiserthan that of
a toiler. It • ' time then, to twin over . the Mu
ses Mien Cieir . , Alpo, 4 1 , _bandintahla to Bacchus,
:That: they can
on cold mster,:is proved
Mining 'ethen, by the
iken from a temperance
• A term or Music.
Ant—" Spar ftg and bright."
Ambling and bright liquid light, •
Is the rill from the • gfountain4
Clearly it gleams is • .rosy beams
Of the sun, that gill ite mountain.
Them drink your will or that crystal rill,
And lesvetbe efeortvei ;
irlt; 'sparkling to-tdju with deceitful light,
-4 1ifOlsting'thy soul Itimorrow
and enlist their in s
and irill sing quite
by many everi*ients ;
following parody, main'
Lilo a gem each aril cy l snies babbling up ;
Then forth from tho of spring flowing,
Baßects Heaven's ray, stid Innis on it s . wa y
• Bloom, peace, and le , bestowing, .
Then drink your tri ll a rke eArrfal rill, 4.c.
,'Poach not the wineO las , ' it brightly shine,
When Nature to given
A drink so sweet 3 , lips to meet— -
r A nectar that flowd ft)om heaven !
Thew drink your ~,ili, 4.e. -
The nevrapapers,l.s 4:,,rs ago, published the fol
lowing spirited song, wri t tpby Mr. (Philip T) Hone
of N. N.Y. I have neVerit one half so appropriate
to a deep carousal ; ever 4 toast invoking upon the
revellers the natural coo:kn nences of-their potations.
ST. *a. HONE. .
Come, fill the bowl, 4i fill the glass,
With wine and spiritt high ; - .
And we will drink, *lke round they pas,
',. To— Vice, and pilisery ! " .
rush quickly roundoo draught
And drain the goblei tow ;
AO drink, in rev'iniiivelling strain
iteason's owttlirow !
Posh round, push in quickest time ;
The lowest drop be tipent
In one loud sound, to Guilt and Crime, ,
And' C'rime'spst pairisluneut
Fill, fill again ! Fill to the brim,
loss of honesi fame '
Quaff, deeper quaff, while now we drink—
Cur wives' itudehildren's shame !
Push round and round; with loudest cheers
Of mirth and revelryi!
We drink to-- Wysnan's sighs and tears,
Mal children's low* !
: 1 ,
Once more !—wham Muer shall yet remain,
'.E'en with our hdeatlnetnh,
Drink—j— To ourselliei disease and pain,
Awl Infamy, and Dfill'il !
RE MAIM DUEL-TIIE STUDENT'S FUNERAL.
After_ the observa tions we have just made
upon the German iszstem of duelling con
trasted-with our own, t may seem somewhat
inconsistent to mutate the following story ;
but_as we could scarcely describe the touch
ing and melancholy ',- ne of the student's
funeral Without n ' g also the elf circum
stances connected wii his death, we prefer
incurring the semblanbeOf so serious charge
rather than diminish the interest of our nar
rative ; premising, hOwever, as we have al
ready intimated, thaij the pistol duel is of
very lire ocCurence -in Germany, taking_
place, When it does F J ur, only-iii easel of
real injury, where '.!, eiiCilt of a grievous
-- mnisni.katbsen.iiitantdfiungwe do not rec
ollect ever having
~ beard of an instance
which happened except the one we are about
to relate ; it is strictl4 prohibited both by the
university and the civil law, the p rincipals
and seconds being liable, acording to the
circumstances of the ease, to the punishment
of death or perpetual 'ba nishment.
Clara Von Rosenstein was one of the lov
best maidens not only in Heidelberg, , but
the whole principa lity of Baden. Tall,
and of matchless sybunetry, her graceful
figure was just expanding into the bloom of
womanhood ; her smile was like a sunbeam;.
her.cheek like the delicate hike of the rose ;
and her soft brown. Nair' witted in glossy
curls from a brow bright with intelligence,
and fairer than the sib; While her doie
like eyes, of the deepifst blue, fringed by long
dark lashes, beametk: with a gentle light,
which, in the days ogchivalry, would .have ,
sent half_the champions in christeudom into
the lists_ to shiver nispear ' for one single j
glance. She was On. of those rare beings I
which seem' almost too beautiful for the at- I
mini this evert-day world ; and ter
beauty *ail Oidy, to bkegitalled by her sweet
and amiable mind. of tonne, the students
had byfar too ravel' god taste not top half
mad for the lore of soieeriess a damsvl ; and
the untie Clara had,iin fact, tamed the
beads of half the. :ntnveisity. TO use the
words of Slieriihues -henna* , song:—
. - ~. •-q - riends in sll. Aged the et,
. ~..: - And lovers in ilir4yotig."', I ,
- ..Wheneveri ball was in prospect the youdg
iirelei--44e• even the ' ctroirOl Prince him
self, would,g4 to enga her; hand ., for the
dance a month,befixe , IfyaiiipasSed oloOg
of a sumer's night, ri ''` g from the old acacia
trees„ which , waver - ' 1 her mother's
4111E4 the silver ii4iiis nftlie , i*Tenade
btanigbt by some spnd lover, ivoiddbe„
sane to fell upon tbeelfr.,:! Many a lover had ` '
"Luiltedlokberin Taitr;linii , of all .tbe flamer
ii*,-, : AtAlFF•# l, fouillie' 6 ituit' ' Erna
vii* - :‘;- -„:' J, 'l,. : the
' only,., one who
.". ".'"-- : ofaileins j iii.': ::YeAng, •
adriNnidaiiii4 aid v *min**, n
of iiii - iitiegillood ou
- fiit' tai le tl live vein',
Volt,'ilksWentelfeira.' ;idol" 44 ,-- ,tkiio,
~ ,, , ,, .iji- ; ivrthe - ----,---- - ...- - linal. of .la • - .4kote.-
iiii7re.thiliami ,-. , IF . : , it the university,
his aim .at tlie3*.i 'r
'lir ' 2 ' 'ar unerring as kir
• gintidrot - eimidiseL - ' . riiiii4' . `zett the revel
Joie laugh was the -:: ; : --: iiii4:l4 wit* the
rhilligent•irldiehio l- '" " . '' : • - illtd open tent_
Via- anFiAle- ‘ ..: ~-, ,- ....40,. 1 ,_ ~,• of Us
'ilaallier* * d e' i it. ' - ..." li csOo lv !I 80 .
likrialilol, SW ,- , - ...
- iiiiettief..iti - Atitl4 . loe - . ;: ',1#:::0 0 10)A0 4!
tbase*iiimegi ; , . _itiOck l ':- --• -. :44onmpor.
mother . •,'faiseiten'llei
deight4f . O l -Aoflllk : . WOM 4,,,ire it*
.-. 440.1,14 . *: ,*.# 4l in -
• • -, ~,..,.- , - -r• : •-.. ; --, :,-. •.. .--. •_. -: -,.,,,- '' -- '
,tins • tiewerof the ," °den.
144*0 100 Pe**4,4 , gthe
Nowe • .
"have it; tbere,wns filen
- ,the" univsMitY, wed;it was.
An aspirant for ,the , ,smiles of
Clara, and who ids person as well
• r *as widely "different from- the
e' Was . , a SUabinn noble 'dark
his aspect, 'fierce and overbear
in every respect as opposite as
his more favoured rival was he
noWn by. the fornsdable appella-
Black: Baron. stormy_ pas
nevettritioked control ; and when
11 . 8 dismay, he learned that-the
, lam had blesied another with her
ssue t ;; intense ;
t ' of Von Newenberg seized pos
,..whole being, and he eagerly
e opportunity of fastening a quer
";; ; _ which Etast,,, though brave
}*nature,. yet being of a - quiet and
g temper, took : every precau
ill id.' Matters had been going' on
y (Or some time, when it was an
n papers that a ball would
int the Museum upon New Yeaes
s sooner was this fact made public
: akin, who, we suppose, wished
e chance more, repaired to Clara's
and requested her hand for a cer
• ;, and as it is not:the etiquette of
• in such cases fol• a lady to re
air Clara yielded' a reluctant as
fortunately, however, she made
ake, and accidentally marked the
tune down for the wrong; dance up
ttle karte der balk" which in
is furnishe d
. beforehand to every
to Master of the ceremonies. The
•Ved, and never did the " beauty
enwald" appear more bewitching;
a robe of snowy white, with no or
ve.a, - solitary rose in the silken
her dark hair. Those who saw
tight floating along in the graceful
bind that their eyes 'levet light&l
ore perfect vision of youthful love
he about to dance with
!, when the Blitck baron appeared
ominous and scowling brow.-
11,7 said he, " I think you promised
dance." " No," replied Clara
titp her little tablet, " I have your,
vn, for the next. This one I prom
e Count Von Neivenberg." The
•y es flashed fire as, he rudely repli
must certainly be mistaken. You
um the second .Sehottscit ;' thisis
not let you olf." " Well," said
as: the mistake must have been
•rr Baron, if the count will be good
ekuse me until the next dance,
objection to dance this with von."
Ni4ettberg," replied the Baron,
-oiee in the matter. If you (I() not
h 'ate now; you shall dan'ce with
:e to-night.' The blood mounted
,ottut's temples atithe savage rude
is speech ; but curbing his iudig
• quietly replied, :" The Fraulein
11. 1 me this ,time,. and ally' such
as, you have just
: used must net be
' The poor Fraulein was incon-
She entreated Erest to allow . her
w from the danee, but this the
old by no means permit. Gaily
music's voluptuous swell ; round
ante ; beneath the loving light of
cites beautiful eves, Ernst tOrgot
. e with the moody Baron ; but that
the last time he ever pressed the
• 'at of the beautifiti Clara, and lie
en to-the silver wines ofthat voice
nd upon, earth was never to greet
u. Upon arriving at his 'Mg
,: found one of the Swabian Chore
r him, with a cartel from the harem.
sped that the allitir was over; but
ew-the fierce and vindictive spirit
her that ,
upon a a!'
ed, " Yol
it, an d I
enough I . !
I have nj
" has no
no one e
nation ♦ h 1
floated t 1
his passe ;;
night or t'
slender • 1 !
whose soi l
w Ling 1 - 4!
Re had I
of leis ri !
4 ‘ Go ti
that in ith,
use of Ni
hale hr I ' l
k," he said, " and tell the Baron
's ease if :Inv message ought to
!II it should be from ; lie made
givage which felt- Others would
ed, but I forgave. him, I do not
th4t if yo
," replied the Sulibian, " the Bar
uned, and lie desires me to add,
show any disinelimition to meet
ill take the first oppartunity ()fin
it‘ Let t
' was eons - ,
Ply in 'f,
hao to s 4
tire °t i the
he knee t
ftdiy tais Ili
sides, the i
strength * i
heard of t
like a ma
Lia;if he dares," replied Ernst, and
..• t day, however,.a collison took
ecessaay for us to deecribc ;. stil
ihat the baron was so violent and
. -in his .conduct, i that a meeting
, e red- inevitable. !The Chan eng,ed
telt cases has alwitys his choice of
II nd the Count Von Newenberg
ct-between the pleasant alterna ,
1 + crooked sabre or the pistol;.-as
is opponent was at the very least
atch with the satire, and hOd,be
,•ilvantages of superior height -and
e choose the latter, and the; Black
1 t nearly mad with rage when he
c selection; he f stamped about -
'iac, cursed 'his stersilis st cond i
Hisy else. i - • .
I - had • him in Jay.power," said
ng . his teeth--"-but . this cursed
-spoil all. Von .Ncwcnberg nev
is mark, so that unless I can get ;
'it 1,.-am 'Woad .4fi."
I r wiwfuretlfor seven o'clock the
- theplace - I
~.,. , nil was the.
the castle; and the count . spent
. . 'iht . j , 'innon,g his friends, .not
, st himself. With .the sight -of his
! .: Morning dawned, the crisp
1 - d, pon the 'grotiUdobe- airloras
ing, every blade of grass hind
Ilk . di - ir
: i . e a anion in the dewy as
l' -friend wallteilijup the . avenue
. . : •:. which shills to titii.". Alte
.., i ~.. Tene -
h etfie -
iitid..l4 p a tty altitdjion
~. , :ktrtuAr - was
Owing m ily .
; :irk - his:hot - drahm• -down er
.• - ..eriiiiiieliie*iiion the - 80(m ds
1 le;r4lit!ltfg - 4 04 'hatli _ k 4 .1
e - - el, ii,,whieli the con Oat -ts
t• a •
t ! I i l .
a l I Viy
g i t _ 1 I 1 I i, tou r
•• , 7 - tiine thclAiiiiii, iiii thoto of
• Arhaliefier.i.iiii his'firei-if he
if hulled, 4 111 .4 1 0 - 14 of Aiii,' ' '
Theigrottml was mem' •:. ,
'thin-which eachloight - ad • ce,
14 - inut in•eited• 04, - -' , iirst 1 pistol
;piseed in. the hoimis of theliom-.
Eseihem . .. took gO llls
said my iiiformatit,
it Aiiriur now at the high
.. ” -
' . 4 "0 - 041 11. .'• on . iidlie - m4 .it ,
hooped up_tO till hio;
~. •- I
" I ho
er .rnisses 1
the rest 'or '
sharp - *UM
gethias ;1 ,
1 hie faee.'
is not hint
thei . space
not a vett* of any other - colour to be seen
upon mihi the eye could rest for an aim.
While the ,icount, flinging off his cloak, tip
peered in ' . ordinary. costume, his frock
coat tin loosely open, and_ discovering a
L" ta Le ing t him a
= he a ve
hi lig s hl ar cele c o , d ce' wai „ st tai -coa d
gold situfrpoz from his waistcoat pocket,
and handhig it to his secon d, who took the
in a whisper,
now °toPP°burtttuonuithis't of advising
in E g a in ch l* party
vanced sidivly in the direction.of the other,
the black baron coveringittll the while his
opponent With his pistol, now and then low
eringcount advAnced with firm and composed
it scqas to secure his aim. While the
step, with his weapon pointed to the ground ;
suddenly lie raised it -slightly ; the bright
barrel glanced for a moment in the sun, his
hand wa s steady, and his aim true—he fired;
a thin puff of blue smoke floated to leeward,
and the Black Baron's right arm, shattered
by a pistol bullet, dropped powerless by his
side. "•Biand your ground," thundered the
baron, witli a deep imprecation, as he saw
Von Newenberg coming forward as if to tis
sist him. fi Every one stood aghast—they
thought the duel was at an end. The count
threw aw4y his pistol, folded his arms, and
turned with a quiet smile to his second,
"Never mind," said he, "lie can't do much
harm now" • The count however had reck
oned withinit his host, for the grim baron,
with a sedwl of vindictive malice, taking up
the pistol in his left hand, advanced within
the nearelt limit—the count still retaining
t his posititin opposite. At last lie raised his
weapon everyheart was sick with anxiety
—long mid steady was his murderous aim—
he drew the trigger—and Count Von New
enberi, 1 ‘fitli one convulsive spring into the
air, fell tai the earth with a pistol bullet in
his liettrti The spectators could hardly be
lieve ti e senses, but, alas ! it was too true,
of the bratve, the generous, and the high
minded v'outig noble, upon whom the sun
•rose that tilorititor fall of health and hope,
all that riniaineSnow was a senseless lump
: of char-. iThe murderer gazed for one brief
moment inn his work=then turned to the
mounta.4, and never was the gloomy foetal
of the Bltt k Baron seen in Heidelberg again.
: It is only to students who have distinguish
-1 ed theins4ves at the university that the honor
of a public funeral by torch-light is ever tic
corded, altd that. by special leave of the au
thorities;? and as the mortality among them
is very slight, it is a spectacle which rarely
occurs, aid is not often seen by an Irish
. man. Tile sorrow for the death of Von
Nevvenbelig was deep and universal—his own
intimate Companions and the whole of the
chore to which he belonged were inconsola
ble at liii loss ; and when the family of the
unfortunate young nobleman, having been
apprised ! . :if the sad event, at length arrived,
a darwalC fixed tier conveying his remains,
. with politic honours, to the grave. Every
student or the university, and most of the
. professori, inadelt a point to attend. The
scene wad fraught with melancholy interi:st,
and was One which made a deep impression
. upon us. i.
• At the ?distance of little more than a mile
; from the ilown lies the new burial-pl a ce of
Heidelberg. It is a quiet spot, enabosomed
by trees, ppon a sunny slope on the moult
tam's side.. We have seldom seen a place
'. in which idle stiirit, shattered by the disap
, pointmein's and torn by the storms of this
~- weary wdrld, could find a calmer repose,
Far oft , --so far that its noise can scarcely
reach the t ear—roll on the bustle and toil of
• life ; the plaintive and soothing manner of
the Neckfl.r is heard in the distance, as with
-a sound like breakers in a dream, it ripples
• past, swekt.and musical enough in fancy's
ear to sic#lie even the still repose of death ;
wild .flowftrs bloom in rick profusion, and
tall trees past their shadows across the quiet
, graves; -?!tot these alone, but the Too., the
lily, and the violet, planted and tended by
careful hinds, mark where the loved and the
lost ones !sleep. A Gummi burial-place is
indeed alt; instructive study, and one NVlliell
, till the nund with sad but pleasant thoughts.
• No marble monuments, once rich with car
ving and decorated by the curious tracery of
; art, but mouldering and neglected by the
hand of ti iiie, arc there; no emblazoned stock ,
1 fresh frotit the artist's hand, tells in letters
of tlii! hi-aory of the life and the many
gild_,- ; • - ..
virtues offthe dust which lies beneath it ; no
rank we4ils ware -over neglected graves ;
but a squiire place of earth, amid the green
turf, smodth its velvet, with a rustic cross
and a weeping willow at its lead, planted
with tbosc sweet flowers, afford a simple
and touching proof that they who sleep be
neath nrefnot forgotten, nor even remember. ed us whilti, struck by disease, they lay pale
' and wast4tl upon the bed of death : but that
they are still associated in the minds_ of the
survivors kith the fresh and beautiful things
of earth, While the bloom of'the annual, re
i turning main with-the breath of spring,: is
• planted as i if to testify that the s brit has quit
ted its tenement of clay for a l a
. id where die
summer 4 its life shall never, fade. The
dull and silemii tone of ail! futierl-bell conies
floating fziOni the old grey tower of the ca
-1 thedral, a the mournful train which accont-
I pealed thi departed student to his resting
i place draWs near. It is preceded . by a band
of music, land the trumpets fall with a wail
ngliar.t c e om thro ett u i— gh
the il C ain 'lde i li tit:to u r p c o h l es th east a
car fi . fitful
the darkupas--now lighting up the fuses of
with an titie!er
tain gleani upon the " Todteu baltre," . or
hearse, which, drawn by six poises clothed.
in black, With white plumes nodding at their
heads; swaps -slowly past. It is a long i llong,
• itnhethcOeffiaurtst,tcoisvelaread w ith tis blackcloth trailing
funeral car without a canopy, upon which
by if d e d
a comitimy of torch-bearer& CrosswiCe
upon the gran were laid two ' 5r.,1114,,44rs ,'
fattened tifgether with the chore band and
the cap onthe young noble, thec hore
-colours of the basket-hilts be ing ' closely,inuf-
Ilea will) Wick crape. The Senior 'of the
Chore,ltti+d in full dress--a hat, with white
plumes, ddie, p . white leather glorel, , and tkith .:
his sWnril h ailing behind him on the griitul, ,
followedrtkis funeral car. Then comes ' 'tite '
whole Cho+, 'drawn up in two lines, mare : Li- 2 '
ing . in single file, each ntan clad.. in.hlaCk, '
and earryi4g:hia drawn sword, With itaPoitit ,
turned tattle ground. The remainder df
the studentsimaishalled in, sieptirati'liore ' ''
come nextlevery onnearrying ' his hand.,
In ... ;
~ .. pine.
" &Ail ':ol'oand. if their nieatiared 64 .
As glen , 'and dow-they follow the deed:" . '
Garlands or llOw.ers ate laid , on the coffin
and as. the procession passes on its way, the
wa4, afftheitrumpets, -the strange costume of
the *Student!, the blue steel glancing in the
torelAglit, formed altogether a 8 i . le not
inferior in interest to anything. Wer , ' :ever
seen, though-wanting thelitt aftleti: . ~ and
the well-arranged trappings Of martial , I s nip ;
it lis even a more touching ifight,than, la sol
dier's funeral. - The train reachediat ast the
choi rs e
Fredhof,; or churchyard, and • the of the
flaparted'student, assembling round e open
grave, lowered the coin with , clio to its
laic resting place -; each man then wpi
handful of earth upon it ;: a shoat addrets
was pronounced by the • clargymap,leuloga
sing the many virtues : of tbe de d, se! ,
ting forth his simple and Wanly v 1:: es, aud
deprecating the act by whiph he metihis tin
tiniely end. The companions or the chore
then lowered their swords an the grave, and
cashed them together twice or thire,l a burst
of music rose from the band, and every voice
jtined in singing tle beautiful, wards of
§ehiller's song— ,
TIIE - GRAVE: •
" Met) yawns the grave to mortails—i
Qn its brink dark horrors stand
A black veil sltronila thajportals '
Of that tualiseovereil Witt.
-The nightingale 4 sweet singing,
In it; breast can never sound
N.tr love, her macs flinging,
Break through the nuntsy groutuli
"Nor eau the bride formken,
..ks she wrings ki- hulas in Avne, !
Nur the wuiliug orpiran waken
The dw.t that sleeps. i.whor .
" Bah still, in that Once s wt ; .
ran the peace we havit sought fur i come
Alta man through its tialt gates ORIT,
Re't in a quiet inane.
' the lwart that wit ( griof
ever that stilt
Froto the storms of life ti haven, '
11 here its pulses bent toe
This soup concluded, did part• then' bent
their steps homewards, and left !hint whom
they had seen among; damn hut yestdrdny, in
the full flush of youth and happintw, itloue
When we reached the town, we proceed- ,
ed to theMusenin Plntz, Or grand t` place"
of the town, when the whole array was mar-
Simile(' into a hollon , g square, the sqniors of
the respective chores occupying the differ
'eat corners. The spectacle was ne w truly
magnifieent; one vast sqoare of I glut was
formed by the blazing torches whi4 tlasbed
strangely upon the fanciful costume, the
white plumes, and gleaming schlagers of the
Students. The trumpets rang-forth i ta plain
tive music—a thousand voices ljtetred in a
niagnifieent chorus---a tlelmsand s‘Vords in
the pauses of the music clashed , tokether—
at a given signal every one Hung liis torch •
on high into the air ; whirling allou through
the deep darkness of the night, thex looked
like so many fiery meteors, each emitting, .
in its descent, a shower of sparks; ;crossing
each other in the air they all fell together,
forming in the centre of the square a bril
liant pile, which flared foe one brief Moment,
up into a blaze of light, and thein \Suddenly
died away, no untitting embleni or the a
reer of hum a hose light of life they bad' so
lately seen cvingotshed. The nssembly
then dispersed. This sad story; dui featttrcs
of which are doubtless lataihar to tiny one
who has happened to be a travtiller in Ger
many wiiltin the la 4 two years, : will be ree
ognised- by many a reader. Two ii o hsk fam
ilies-were plunged into the deelicsonffliction
by the mournful event, and in the course of
the lasystomner, at Berlin, a bqinAiful girl,
in whose faded 'cheek the. lints cif sorrow
were still recent, was pointed Out ito us as
the once celebrated ". flower of the Oden
From thv NCNN
Revolt iu Poland: its Elrerts •on V.prope.
Preliminary obserratians.-14ir A Russia,
Avstria, and Prussia goreen, Poland.—
. Anattempted national insurreetioni.—.llfro
cities committed by the Russian and ,:l us-
Irian gorernments.—lmporta+cif the late
erents.—Sympathy of .europeifor l Poland..
One topic has absorbed, fur Sonie weeks
the of France. and of a gi,eat part
of Europe: the revolt which has occurred
in Cracow, and in sonic outer proviinces of
Poland. This new attempt of an tojtappy
nation to recover its independen'ce,lis indeed
a sight deserving of universal symPatliv. 'I
do not intend to examine now ay.! iriF . ht of
revolt in an abstract point of view.l Chris
tians are divided in opinion in this,i respect.
otite say that, in no case t i in no eirdtmistun
cps, does the Gospel allow a-nation; to resist
the established I.,rovernuten3 011ieti answer
that it is :sometimes a ditty to 4eftind their
rights, lieu with arms, alai thin; it is lawful
to .break - the yoke of tyraats, W , ho' l reSpect
neither divine nor human iaws. . Much can
be said on both sides ; brit, I repeat it, I
shall not now examine thetleory, a ul I add
that. if ever a nation was ainhoriket to fight
against its oppressors; Poland is tit; nation:
I An idea can hardly he formed 01
' ferings the Poles endure: Cornict
information is lacking, because die
and Austrian governments exerebie tir
est scrutiny over newspapers and dc
lair to the inhabitant : mite liberty; oil
The police agents penetrate even
tick circle, prevent all conAdenee r ,
uwuth of .the boldest:and tro:uld 1. 10
very thoughts, if the sanctitary. of
were notinviolable. All classeS tl
!anon are subjected alike :to this t
IL noble ns : well as the peasant mus
crucl.chastisemetits, if Its
of independence. Still 'Rime nth
re dies the rest of Europe, in spite
.do ble barrier of soldiers and poll
nna I shall attempt to describe tb y
Poland is governed.
I 'nu know that this country , tvli
ac puireil so glorious a name in the]
of nodern times, was basely and! rui
vi ed, nearly 'eighty years ago betwei
'sii,,,Anstria and Prussia: The (Altai
n powers raised no remonstinficel
tlii odious ntettsure..: England was t
Cu • ied With ',her' colonial quarreler'
. 11•1 s, king Viheitt( . 4ioity, oe' jars
w, sted in"low s pldititOnfhe : brae be
to laid . given to business; :Thus tl~
, at Stites a thii'Dlitirth - did askilie l y pl
an - sinidered a generous 'nation' wF
nt of thek sword, -s„
h4l thi.sOldef part in, s thort
tOir, for teraelf abotit *Ai
sin had die, 01Y*1.:dili,Ai
of. these. i:lrentnienta
prOiincea which :fell to :hal -
SArit, and lairs ; and hence the 'duff
'which it ip well to ! pointitni:At frsti t
Rt ssia'reetneit tat respect
the '-intitieutiOnii of antient.Pnlandi
• -.-- r
' the suf
it not 4 7
t e min-
of Pe t
p rut i,
a i fiwn
. he al-
to eil the country trL i' .0( national - rep'',
sentation. At the .i, , , IViii , •cof Yierla, ip
105', it was even .:iirmallY,-,stip ied that
Peland should have :_ttepainte,
time - she should ret.t. ,herOttatic!, .. .0 . , ,b4T
1 1 94uaget'schOolgf ,' .**T , , cl 9,.and
should be, phieed tin. • r the Ortitectibn of 'a
representative assembly. :Thei,eniperor Ai:
exander, it is but j ' tto say respet#ed the.
prtimises which had; Made to tlte Poles.
But Nicholas, after '; le revolutienttf 1.830,
trampled under footi; all the - stittulatunts of
treaties, and governtyl thisUation by brute
fo e. No deliberative body ; no. -itidipep
d nt courts of law, tio respect for the most
sacred rights ; religion, justice and humani
ty outraged : in a *Ord a geiertuneiit more
despotic than that . tif the, l ancient hings bf
Alsia or Constantin ple:
, The Muscovite car built at the iatis :Of
Warsaw a cifadel b tied Stith canon ; and
tcione day, theinhabi ts 'or thiS 'town ! coining
td offer hinr their re, pecti,, he said to thin
angrily : u Beware! make - ,nOt the least
Movement, spoil nOt the ; least resistance , ;
Air on the first attempt' at insurrection, I
have guns *hick will reduce Warsaw to a3li
eo, a n d I forewarn ou that I shall not tv.-
haild it." The po 'r Poles ' went away, bio
kbu-Itearted, with t ears_-in their eyes, nud
iroatiing over the liruins of , their country.
Wit-tt coull they re illy to this ferocious ty
riitat ? li •
It w;:tild be long a o relate all- theacts of ,
injustice and. oppression-committed by jhe
czar Nicholas. Alvell-informett Writer has ,
published a list of then
. of -good conditiOn,
who have been oh iged to go info exile, or
been driurgtil to; .
iberia; there pre more
thou six thousand mames on this dark cdta
herue. The value hf 'their 'property which
the emperor has co diseated amounts to filar
hundred millions () dollars. This is not all.
' The Russian , mvetininent tries to introdtice
the Russian rangaage hitothe schools and
1 colleges of Poland.; Itl employs bribery and
other means to make conve,rts (what con
verts !) to the Greek - religion. •Naftunily is
safe. The ill will 4 . tr caprice of subordinate
agents, the mere suspicions of a • Russian
magistrate may- brihg upon a whole !toast!
the most terrible treatment. A-mother dare
not ask the news o her exiled sot!, for fear
of being suspected. - A sou dare notbseud to
his mother testimonials of his affeetion, jest
they should endanter her. , The emissaries
of the'Muscovite tylraut respect neither the
rights of nature no family-tics, nor the obli
ontions of conscience, lair honor, nor shaine.
They desire, it natiOn of slaves ; and means
• of punishment arc ever at hand for the ; re
fractory. Such is p fair account of hest
stall government. ' - : . .
• The cabinet of Vienna showed till lately
more moderation and reserve. That astute,
; adroit man, ti-rtile . in expedients, Skillful to
conceal his secret designs, prince de Miller
; nick, (for I sPeak not of the emperor Ferdi
: nand, who is only a )crowned autornaton),=---
Mr. de Metternicki I say, had succeeded in
' persuading Europe that lie governed G.,illicia
with mild and paternal' laws. No bloody
punishments ; no acts of etrocitir. But by
zi , shameful perfitlyt which excites now I dle
execration of the World, he had
1 indirect means to nourish the hatreds of one
part of the populPtion _against the other;
and his measures had been so jesuitically
I calculated that he Could; at a critical ino
meat, instigate the peas,ants to botcher the
;ambles and the landholders. Besides, te ae
j complish mare surely his plans, Its had kept
die lower classes in the most complete i0o
ranee. Schools were few, books Still fewer,
; and thick darkneSstshroaded the whole eau*-
trv. The priests were even foritidded to
preach without leave of the government
against drunkennesi ! Mr. de. Metterniek
I tried thus to form p degraded populace..ad
, dieted to the lowest vices, in order to use
them in a day of revolution.
j Prussia treats betterjhan the other pow
ers the provinces Which Tell -to her lot iu ;lite
! partition. There . are in , the Grand dtieli
. of Posen some menus of instruction, Minor-
Mil justice in ordinary affairs, Intinane laws,
. and even something ,tesembliog o political .,
. constitution. But;this last is ontyappat-e in.
j The deputies of the' duchy of Posen lim=e
only the right to bring their complaints; to
the ,ki n g of P russia, who decides -then as he
i thinks proper. YO, coMpared With what-
I exists in the other prininces of ancient Po
i land, the sitootionls' tolerable: -So dtiri no•
the late insurrection, the defenders of Ate
national liberty testified very special regard
I for the Prussian innuistrates. ; Shute jr
1 tints assert that the, werc•disposed to older
to the king of PruSsia the erowin of Poland,
if he would accept!it.' •. • .' 1 I
! - Such were the respecttve poSiticins of ',the
parties interested, ilien the -e.4 'of- Cracow
raised the standardlof. the Jagellons. era.,
, cow is a petty repothe,Whieh ;belongs iiei-
I titer to Russia, norkustria, not riussia, be
-1 Cause these three pOwersthave *them able
,to agree to whom it! sliallbcossigaed; But
its itulepeadenee kin* nominal. In refill
ty,--Oracow is governed by The , embassadors
or residents, as theyi are Called,lWho inapiise
on this people the laWs ofitheirgOveraments,
' ;. ;
and the &nate ()ICendotit is a kiglisounding
name which concenjsl.conaptete,sidljeetion,
The Polish con.spiiittey had been plotted It long - time.. The -, . exiled 1 nodes' Who
Jived -in PariS and i - in,..LOndoni• have - neier
abandoned the hope of their Cohn- -
- try. ' They .pablisltjonrnals -and 'pamphlets,
Which thettry to eireulate , seintedy. in --- ilte
provinces of Poland: , 1 They halve activetind
devoied emisntrios,*o i in-spije - of litusiitia
'and Austria, pene 'at iia t o .thii;cOttage!Lof
the peasant, the ship . the ;nieelinitte, Ile
dWelling e ' fiof the - gent n; rerivC 'their droop=ti
ing spirits, and held- - ip the prospect:llo a
better fortune. Iltu the;-phin- jiad , been'
prepared for' several' ears"'lle - icii4gdOite,
of Poland,- thillicia; theArand . ue iy-olgo.:
Fen had formed and : e*tensive :Orgainization,
Ile, Members otwhic wee ltept *nor] jot
-- i . '‘ ' i '
one another, in order t avoid betraysA. The
whole'conspiracy We, s hi ihe luindsi:of a aw
skilfully chosen. leade .i . - ;' , i„,..,. •.:1
. Two...things shouid'. . Itre, marketWic, this'
plan of insurrectiori -T u* dud the .nobjes
generously sacrifice - 'eizi.t l etidal . Privileges,
an appears in - the P . ni4tiowpublishedlw
the revolutionary ' v rnMent,,, , They can=
sensed to give 'to tint , • siiiillz the rights
of free citizens, mid ' ii , esmbliih.. complete'
civil , egnalitt.' • This- &cif- shows..a= haPPY
pintoes' of opiiietin one.- the;miatocraihi
families of Polantl. ~ tniiiig the Itlolotion,
to emancipate their.
. t am111...1. Now;‘A their, j*" . •
claim themselves thkg imoncipation t -gener
' °in' CP ll4lllo 'l' w4inh' , l l ol sooner or laic! Yi., ,n l d :
itslrtiits. ' The 1144 fact - *Orthy; Of not ice,
is that the conspiral4' l't4ilnaced;' tt(4-11111.i
Poland p!operly- called,i bur, hey countries
inhabited.:llY,the Sktioitiaes ra e,lthat is to
say; KitliptitstA4 AO s tikrafie; unary, Bo
hemia, rind' ev6f lfatutania: • II! these de
scemlaineof' the Slavonians f ' ' a popula
don of more than thiriy miiiiom. They
have been separated, parcelledlout by pobti.
cal events, but noW they inch* to come to
gether. Theyfind that they have one origi..-
gm, the same ~ notioris, the &One manners,
and that they speak nearly e le mine lan.
guage. I wrote you, two y i ago, a letter"
on dtiginternalmoveinent amnngthe,Slav o .
nians. PoliticaLsiien in- EuOpe arc now
watching its progress ; - they call it signa
candy panstavomaisurai. . When the king of
Prussia learnt the' basurrectio4 of Cracow,
he, said: ",The Slavonian epoch is begun ;"
and all Germany echoed the )vonls of t hi s
monarch. , , i ?
It cannot , -be known what will b e . th„
changes produced in Europe by the union of
the Slavoniatis. It will be one of the .great.
est events which . has Occurred sin c e l h,
world's origin.. Austria and gusi , ia willlmc
their-largest.provinces; the bOlanee- of Eu
rope:will be - destroyed ; and eine* rue a• .
mitted into the. family of natkre.i.• The Sla.
vonians lay themselves that they will end..
lisp a liberty such as inankin4 never vet has
seen. Perhaps the union of ell the Slava-
Mans into one national body his slill di,tain.
Vre cannot pry into the mysteries of Prot:.
Bence; but when the monierit shall corn.,
free nations- willlitiil with entliaiaitie me,
the appearance of - this - heroic • ram , , ult.. h
ha s preseri,ied. itg manly virtues ander -11. ,
chains of despotism. I •
No wonder'tlien that, at thk, Hears of lit:.
insurrection I' iof Cracow, the Nixirtherie power.
called out their military finer 's, iuui took Om
most rigorous Steps to ccimpier the rem i..,
Only Prussia forms an honorialdi• exmilii.....
' RaSsia,called'onOregiments rif enssartv n. 4
Circassians : barbarous solders, who ~..mit
' to have nothing human but • IC form, curl
who do not know what civil ze me
These wretches took pleasure in in Betio_
oa the vanquished the most cruel ean:.6
ments and were ready to renew 1110 tkr a i.l 4 .
tions.of Attila, and of the hordes of Pim ,
and Vandals who ravaged the lloman em
pire ia the fourteenth century, and 1.11 ti.,. :
all to fire and sword, i i
. . 1
The-Russitai government lO,deelarvil:b
whole kingdom of Paland - taltii4 i n a Nio'r „f
seige : that is - to say, that mi lUtv new' v
ists there but !,the - mvord. Military trilntn .1.
arc established: The prisonsl and .e:1411,-;
are crowded; private house are taken 1,,
hold these thou/fmds of viCtiins. Sl•vvrl;
nobles have been beaten with!' ro.ls, oth!• r :
hung, and very Many - trundled to the fr)-
zen deserts of Siberia. Thelpe!Yph• flarP not
utter a word Of complaint. Gat: ta!( : 1 v, 11 h.-
some generous citizens we re ati4 nit It) be p: ,,
to death in_the public slitta rd of!. SV:INI•%, :? !,
immense crowd attended. acrd' at :h. , r. 1.,:
moment, sub!iine sight). the i - llp!.1:11::•i!!:.!..
fell,on their knees, .silent mid
' ;•olli:0,..1 3 ,
"if witnessing ,the death of In firar!r! ! Aii !
there is-justice in heaven; Ith.ere i. ,
mighty and luily God, 'whi ipuni.:l:- , , Il
„cmes of tyrantS, and the mar wt!; c.);;1,;
when this unfortanate nation ii ill tat I!).ig.r
he pained' to behold her nobled sun- -.Lt 12',
1 tered, without liNting,even'tlit.. 'iglt•I.!':11!'
Idle executioners t.• . '' 1
Austrial'as gone even farther th :•1 11 i.•-
slit in acts of vengeance, f will not r.l i•••
to you all that has transpir:al 'lin tin pr. , . •
ince of Taranto; von have Ire;tif it in ih - -•
' newspapers, and the pen WO; ifil fill t:..'::: , ;
hands, if - I - shun:ld try to:describe :h'-A, en e• ..:
which hardly a name iii tiny I 111,.. ; ;;•• • •:•.
You must , M, back .several cletiltnri): , t ) ll• •
1 night of St. e ...Bitrtholcany, to ilia i1izi., , ..5.•:.. . I
Ithe Albigenses to - find aiiyiJiifag, like it.
Twelve to , fifteen hit mired 1 lain dlitilde:-A :::
, Gallicia binchered ; butcher'od'iiii tle•ir (..1
• 'Louses, butchercil by imasaii i i4 eruct!; r. ilii
rage and blood, buteliceett bY the lintl,or)! .
perhaps the formal orders of Anktria, 1,!1:-
curs of giivernment, who ..„Onvi.) i stint ofilifm
,ey for each head brought tit 1;m. 1) . .),.: , •••
and children 'Were included .1
- iii) this iii.oi).•-
I , ere led bodies everysillicfrej stet-am: e.
' filocid wllierfitiriliw--rkdos -13 Y di" w•'''
side; mid -then, pillage, hill ; i'';'rY' 1 : - "li.l. -1 •
unknown even' among saval...; 1 .---rci.X..l.•;:,' ;
Tarnow! execrable name, illieli will r: -
main in the Memory - of 'mll "ill tit- 1.1:•••!
posterity, Which will be repqated - ::, Ow
watchword, 'When Poland :•11411 im-ali, .0
,regain_ her independence! 7 „ •
' The insurrection was stopprd . by du- ,
cruet measures. A few, bands of ia,,ilr
gents only mini - fin, according tO the (term''`:
newspapers, Still wandering . in the l'aresC)
and inaccessible retreats'of the earpathimi
mountains. Cracow Is tapture;il and 0...e1:-
pied by the nraties of the three poivjN.
But if the late. - coiispirs• icy' lias - !Thiled; it i 4
:yet ofinuch ituportance. - Poland - Im.; given
new signs of iire,.., .While we regarded 11-• ;
as sleeping iiillialonib i and said t " She . 1).
dead ! she is: dud! 10, she is •up, faring Ir•r
opicres.se* ; ' - unit ikiis , to the wondering worll - :
" See I tirii . aliiiC still !' • 1 •!',,,
The faCt, tik:.;peat -it, is. inifilottant. b
shows tliato'.great nation eaninat now' -ink ;
into barbMliilai, that it guards liti nationality
as o stiefett Oast. • The Norilirra l'ov el l ,
have'sintitlieriAll,agged Poland; lint she l As
not dead: — She will- revive irk - -lay IP.t''
Greece; - ' hich has'resuinell fieil name nal
. after bi.inkr-for tour cell:uric ,
subjected' . to 111e ; litis - sulmaii yi4l:b.. '1 The cn- -
ilinginein Mink:tried - in Europ4 liy ; this 1'..-
lish itisttrrectiinvis great. (;ein t inay ln•re! l - ,
has jollied in fdiesc expresAmis cif symp; oh . , .
She seenisrci - nnderstinid that; time rioiA.• of
nations it; hericitkit; and that itlifive the i.,,--
terestantiirinkieS isto be placed:: that of i,—
tions. - ,' - in I.lerfin;' breslati, ii.lneniphorg,
Dre s silen r - coti*pe6, adminitiintlittid pity Sur.
lite' Pialei have been in every; fimit. ; 'l'h,-
fact is important. -If GermanY s, i is ( cll tll-
Posed in favor - of Poland, she, 4 open the
icily t6 . ?Filine,6* carry - succnr - h) dies.. o,i
Vressid;''' hiiroOk - -_ - . )France ,- CiM do nothing'
without' tOrbriOititi,lbitt:4lth her tinl, she can
'dniiiirytlitile, - . -IFAilililstep of ilti! ( r ierrolO's
'raii.'ordS''liWilr4'Aiiil :break - mm link iii i;,elitilli
`iif the, ridelfit -- ,niiit iiiieii the v oirc) oilfired:nil
1 'con..ljailenild'iii:•Bleilin; the cciu 4 try of SO
'bieskiiiiltlitiiiiin:ii. . ! :i -
''At - 2eirall these; inOvemelits is
theldea l iit "rhilit.'!: - The right, l The right-of
Poiour)ikik . i . loii of iiidepeadeb4;• liertlght
If loltiOliOl#:"htur..been- deSpi- by gorol'..:-
4: -- 'diriOitiOriii ' lint - it r emain ,Ibecatise :: •
does nitt;'bilittirtti'hings to ani illiltite tiLd/i.
beoitititit l it lit tint in M obliteraiY
it frtintitkii:eittisaielia: This Iribt - COTlnf't
liMiioii'l'ik .- kiii, . .er: l o . tilt • C - r . it will triOinpli ' !n
-lii iti t e ,ii:aitt-',oi!a' , 'Jlty-; right ' , .`16 forever.
":)••• :-• •-::-.••,. • -', ,-,,,,„.„ .;,;-. - - • I !..- 1,1 -.1,c,