Newspaper Page Text
which she had;; subjected tts.The preciorm
lives she has lierifteed cannot be restoredOun
can the &nets which must email' our itititu- -
dons growiugiinit of the circumstance, beta
voided. All at she can repair she-shonlil : _jhe ,
compelled to glair:: good; and this can j be ribrie
in the shape 4full-payment in money for Past
- debts, and an annual payment over the ex
pense of theJe t ecupying force sufficient tojpay
the interestiit full, and to form a sinkipg.fund
for the ultimate discharge of the debt created
by the war,—find this, hi addition to the terri-,.
tery acquired .1 3 As a Mexican govertnient un-P
(let such eimuMstaeces would hale ne military
of its own to pity, as none should be suffered
to,eist,ihe bfirden would not be heavy upon
Even this Inv& of settling the difficulty
would he accoripanied by great_ disadvantage
to, the United Mates, inasmuch is it would in
voke-the ,oat mauve of a largostanding army,
and greatly emend the patronage of theleder
al executiveoihile it would • foster that milita
ry spirit whielfhas already been 'developed to
eol great an extent; bat it apparently Presents
*vile of a less magnitude than any other mode
of arriving at settlement. Towithdraw troops
034 firie - or t ioOnce, would be first to sorrender
the military rePutation which has been so dear
ly lbonght, andtwhich, in view of our relations
with Europe, is invaluable, and still to require
itu immense sending army, fraught with all
.the evils whiehlauch an institution engenders;
toi surrender all the advantages which commor
cial i n tercourse with Mexico would confer on
both nations and on the world; to leave our
commerce in all parts of the world permanent
ly exposed to Mexican privateers ; and to im
pose a heavy apd useless expense on the peo
ple of the Uni(ed States—an expense of not
less than $20.400,000 per annum, or equal to•
the whole ortlifiary expenditure of the govern
ment—in add ion to past expense, and all
that Mexico ortes us. under 'treaty. Withorit
the force, the (render would be continually. ex-
posed to inroacis. Seel a -scheme is practies
ble on the ground that Mexico would forever
-remain inert —ibandon the project of recon
-quering TexasZ which has been the instrument
of reeolution for ten years—and tacitly pre.
serve the peaep which she refuses to acknowl
edge. To subjugate with the view to annexa
tion, is the gr . test of evils : hecause it is im
poisible to colter equal rights on eight mil
lions of vanquished people ; and what could
be done-with such a race - subject to the feder
al government ? Unless those people held the
same relation fp the government as do all "the
existing states - the nature of the federal gov
ernment woultilbe changed, and in their form
amurne a monarchical character. Under Such
cireumstanceN what sovereign tif,Europe could'
sway a power trial to that of an. American ex.'
volitive ruling exico with the support
United States irmy ? An army trained in such
- liter would thiow to the surface vigorous and
dangerous military chiefs, under whom the con
solidation of military strength, Vaud upon the
monarchiall ch4racter which the government
in Mexico muse, assume, wont& be fatal to our
institutions, he military vigor exerted for
the subjrigatiorg of Mexico, would, engrafted
'upon the form of government there, be easily
-turned againsOthe institutions which sent it
forth. The ba4k-ground of such a picture is
too fearful to contemplate.
An army of Occupation auxiliary to a purely
Mexican goveroMent, would present less of dan
ger,. because the - federal executive could not
get that hold of.the Mexican people which an
inerirporation of the governments would effect.
The soldier's .adeceeding each other for short
terins would mint of them, as they were dis
charged; rennin" in the country, and, gridually
infusing- vigor 'into the rape, regenerate the
Nrhole nation. it hey would lay the foundation
for that law-abNing population, on the growth
-of Which the Mexican government would rely
-for its support when the United States army
shell/ abe eitb4rawn- This mode of proceed
ing would invo4n no retrogardo movement of
our arms, which would promptly be construed,
whatever might be its • real motive, by all our
European frteroHir . into weakness and inability
to maktain a liar, and color with a 'shade of
truth those malignent predictions in which pub
lie amen and airites, especially in England,
have deli,ghtedtto- indulge in relation to this
ftnntry. • . 11
The great -ptoblem is to inoculate Metieu
with the commercial spirit, without awaiting, to
too great an eittent, the military spirit of the
tiros. Most assuredly this proneness to
martin entertain has been - powerfully stirred /
-- among us during the-past eighteen months.—
The temper of 1 the nation is now such, that
Ante the northeastern boundary question still
under discurain, the government would not
feel_safe in miiking large concessions for the
mike of settlement. To allay this feeling, and
yet 4pil meanslto make Mexico pay in full the
damage she hall done, and promote her own in
tenestalyi adoPting ir.free-trade policy, are the
objects most d&ired.
/S ...,, i
4 , ,
~..11.1 ETTLE or MOLENO DEL RET.-1' rom 1
110 official de `patches, now publishing in thei
journals, this battle; fought on the Bth of Sep
ber, nujderlhe immediate command of Gen.
Wertls,aliet4 seem to be one of the most
brilliant schie*ements of the war. With a force
consisting of only three thousand one , hundra. I
moo, in the short space of two hours, an ene-
Any f our teen tip . lnaba strong, commanded by
Santa lima bitiselt. strongly entrenched, were
• eararely,rotited, with the loss—to them--of
three thousand in hated and wounded, eight
bind* •prisoners, including fifty-two commis
,three of the four of their guns
and a large ,miantity of small anus, and gum
and mnl i ketaMmunition. Five to one, with
strong entrenchments. was the...propcirtion of
la z uli
.f • a gain ten. Worth's division, yet more,
o f epeuti*gice blain, wounded and made
_ . .
than,. American force toga- '
god. The an of modern warfare sear;
,„ to the . Ethierementi of '
- ufiur.A ith:L=o:4-r•lx Y Eveni ng P ost . ,
A Ibiair anr.—An officer - in the British ',
iiiiibillniquited - a suit in the: Courts of
igife**faitida - posiessiou of a imge -taut of
ha * ills in Kinelkee,.Vtheoln and
t' ile f e lk/I ° 4-01 4' 610 g 25014 acres in
eitfestfiiritlig - - IXgentleman of Washington
t*,'llidenitiiiiiiisiiiv. W e trust th a t neither
111 0 : Illieiliali 'filiiiik: unless Ilia' title 11 a
,de,i.4la,, .iii,44:itin'ai' noondi): 'lt
`neemi'ai ' ' ' th itifififii acres ot eultivit.
fit 14a iii - ' iiiiiiiimid *in its 'Present On=
' saneta*l444 to bilAveiti,"o oneoittio - Me&
2 i4P'lAtliiii**4iiii;:liciiih 'Vie
itiiirlieli4r_ Taith ' th aft'inififot ‘biiiii
ikl,,,ait' - • ',-.,
• ~4 --=:, ;). t 0. - -- - - _
. 4 „p..itiarijoiptlieadrial -- imicoilhedoti.
dims flje the ftronelog of teams, drown, Ate: i
4 _ - Al:, , r jc i ~.,4
:. ~ , 1 '74 -i '
'( hi lr ; ; ' - lig ,4 . i . ii
I ... 11111.1.7:x7 % , f'' - . i.i I .
4- ' ~•-•• ••04 , , "A, ‘
z - ,'•, ,!; , , ---
~,,, 1 - sit i
7." , '`,' J-
, I i 1
THE' DEMOCRAT .
!RegardMle, T 1011454431 . 110 V. 94, 1441.
gar; Attention to the very able and iler
esfing artitle-Eoni t4;. - Deiatic Review, oie •
the " Occupation of Mexico," on ourfirst page,
is earnestly solicited. It is written um?, a
‘sUbject irhicli is - nOw:leigiiiil4 to ittia'
great deal.of interest, and - CantaTUp'seniee*c*
ltnt iiiels,Ss, well as fUrnishes a Strong
went in vindication of the government in Tali-.
don to tile origin of the war. Just at this time
it is trelily - opportune.. '..c
Itir;We trust no apology is neceasszY: for
having devoted so largo'n.spece imetiecobimna
to-day to the expression of opinion, froth ail
quarters, upon the subject, of the late prolun'r
ciame4 of Mr. Clay. I - The position hoi ban
heretofefe occupied in the catalogue of Stites.
men, and his recent eccentric and suicidal dec.
liratioris!!, render the subject one of ,de ep '
meat, sating aside, even, the strong prohabill
ty that he will be the , next•candidate of his
party folk the Presidency, and fullj-justify, as
we.thitk the expression and space. we have
OFFICIAL DESPATCHEB.—We shall com
mence the publication ot the late Despatches
of Gen. SCOTT and his subordinate-Generals in
our neat paper. Although they contain nothr
Ing new in relation to the brilliant epgage
vnents of the campaign, yet they will OW; in
,teresting and authentic chapters in the History
of the present war that will' be highly worthy
of preservation. •
44 Whom the Gods would Destroy
they first make Mad."
In the late Lexington speech of Henry Clay
we have a clear and unequivocal illuistrntion of
the adage wrhave chosen as a caption to this
,article. If any one doubted, at any tim vilith
in the last few months , that Mr. Clay was ;tut
ambitious; and that the popular pulse ; of his
ifirty beat high for him for the Presidency in
1848, we did not.. We have, on the contrary,
1 regarde d his nomination as almost a 'ft fixed
fact," while we have overrated his 'patriotism
and misapprehended entirely the platform on
whichte would predicate his - claims.. As hos
tile to the Democratic party and its measures
as we have long beli ved him to be, We *Mid
not, ;without much -reproach, bare imputed
to him such gross inc nsistency, such bitter an
tagobism to his count , •as his' late manifesto
has shown him to poiiess. Waled looked for
better things of Mr. 'Clay. Who could bare
believed that the man, who, at New, Orleans,
scarcely a year ago, in an able, patriotic speech,.
took strong Amerie n ground upon the sub
ject of the war, and dared, in language most
emphatic, that Ina al est coveted " some little.
nook or corner tcher Ile might aid in. AVENG.-
LNG ma COLONTRY'S RO ros , and slay at /mai
one Mexican," wo now be so inconsistent I
as to act the part a utter the ! sentimental*
did in hie Lexington resolutions, with which,
of course!, his speech must coincide ? We mar
rel not Int reflecting men of all parties are ta
all if aback ; that his enemies are over
whelmed with surprise and his idolaters with
disappointment and dismay! It isnot aston
iShiing that the whole neutral press of the land'
' beak fob in unequivocal denunciation of his
sentiments, or that the North American, tri
bane, aid many other of the leading organs of
1 his own 'party, alarmed at the doctrines that
he is made to propagate, and their cool reap
tion, den t Y that he bas been correctly reported !
Yet suct is the fact.
1 We hve said elsewhere* that his speech bee
.not yet Ile' en-pnblished, owing to his desire,• to
Bate it go out !with the sanction of his own re
-Vision. l'rbe resoledions ha offered, however,
,ire.pubh'shed, l as !well as a synopsis of his
;speech, #hich ;are 'anything but creditable to
bimj as aleitiren, a statesman or a patriot. He
eta* 4 with 'the declarations that the prima-'
1 ry dans4lof the war was the annexation of Tex-
I . the erd
Oat its immellit' te cause . * r
;of iresident for the removall of the array
to the *io Grande—assertiona which are .as
Awl anolidelibemte falsehoods, as we shall show.
hereaftef, as could well be ( cencocted) These'
il tut he follows ttpl ' with the assertion!
:that li order .was unconstitutional ; and lie;
!ine ' the Executive with impeachment for
iit. He hnixiins both branches of Oonh:
,kress, 4ich, he avers, in voting for the reelolu.
ttionithat "war 'existed by the act of Hr.s.ico."„
,ioteil f ' a gran " lie," although the resol e .;
iticol sipp er .W by every. member of either,
~ i . .
branel4 • irting. here and 'there a stragglmg
;toren'll ‘ln ' o ' nu ' tin' p) butlisir ' ' &men"'
- -s, g . a . er''
AL in i a word. :4 : rewilutiorli o • tlin t earkeetA
Oessor pither goonmeness of *Web 'is nc4slis-i,
rated, *Oimt iiMPby to.a eotemisition of tite l ,
jiar,4b4abrawelitiJa die ', natty; ocoiplea
itith a silioirt asiontiling find h ' . ting irop
fititutpiq give up 4 1/ :00• 41 4-1'. 1 /4 0 . !re) l ,"
llNUffe4 TXMORCE.OIgI V . •k . , Our; old Ae.ht,
, the costir4 #izi, lad TO34ogly Toth* bej i
' itaitq 4, 4 1,,1, 1 1 ,4 1. 1 , 1 rT:!11L;.,
1 pi, ' a rt- ll, iitthe*Alrtplairi:gei4lol
litehtli l 4 ti t iriihe.i , thitnixs;',o4.#4s4
;Jim; Moileas .to nais 'leo% OrliM il ' Will AIL 4 4.
imerieig6igeopie , ' , ft,r,..ii - wont. 4,csiime
'i; io l 4,llii t Wili4 resieetib _
is poi ~l e sof "
1.. , , -.
.' 0P,1.' , Al ~ _.., , ( q , ,-, • If 01 4 1°1 !: 11 r) ,t 1
, *PI:. . • , . - - - T i, :4 :;;re- - ) 1 014 41 .11. 4 .PA1-,
0 1 4 A CI S -4,. i:::Ak ' efai' 4l44 l4 o - 1 , , , .
** i t 'll * "1 " -. •,' : .; '
- -.' - V r i '•
o s i c q c -,. - d ri ii i ukii ii: ii ir ii
', :, 1
hafilsard mast of Alte part i their re
", ` : , :i4 1
411 1144.1112 ;Ea
Pu,C ol° . ., ell
.4 -, , , MI .. al e l *
me wilt nopeppon4'bpt tiniitly down
to itiviCiOi - tbe l offirl of ' eiritiemind,
r k. 4 4 , ,r, 3' , - ' E
tiIIePWIRIMOViIg; 0 1 O 4l 1 i
lietlierjuswkier,ipiipsee'p ' rip 41;id mei
'.. , position Diri''' . ; hi, fihl i uP"'
theOie;Wori it 414 . ihei ig rational
. Codierntitmi,. is frotl s; robin ; F th ou we are
Ptiltiiielihed to Fs bi - mill a Odndidate.
Biiii4Ail tidniiieqie'it;riidn, ' Vaiiiievei :
beTreaident unleti_ba. repudiatea.bia _nofint_
deMnity dopes., ' The massep of his ona par
ty svill /ever 14ctfoti . iiiiiiiiiithati /and
tmlta of their own country,,-, He has evident
ly Mistakewthe prOses 4 the American people
in this partienlar,Aand calculated at random
wbOn ho anticipates their apProtatiO., , ' '
• !iDtr.. Wllmotts APeecitia -,
According to TiOtio6. lie.: Wilmot addressed
Our'ileitisetis at'thi3 'catirt Mese•on Tuesday
wli4h are no,/ aglistekbeginaingwith the war,
wh4'h he,:of course,. defended ins; fewbrief but ,
pettint 'remarks. He nest 'spoke .npow , the
graduation of the plices , of ;the Puhlki Lands,
which-be Strongly approved,' re-tisseited his
oppointion • to a tss Tea
_and. Coffee, giving
!his easons therefor, andithen proceeded to dis
cols e upon the Proviso; which he defended
wit!,l his usttal :arid clearnesi; for the
Ispae of about three quarters: Of an'bom:,
sio4, with a deserved eritieistn.opon the recent
manifesto of. Hr. CliY. Although the evening
'wasieiceedinily unpleasant, the audience was
very large r and, if we may 'judge from .the
th*ing be received, well satisfted.with the ef
Effect of Mr. ears Speech.
. t the very-moment; says the' Pennsylvani
sn,lchen the Mexicans are Scltttered,. dieheart
ened, and dismayed, by the incredible soccess
es oi' v the American arms, Mr. Olayls speech
breiithes new life into their dying' cause, and
oncil more invigorates them with energy and
hope. He not,Only makes 'a sweeping attack
,upeit the origin, of , the war—be. nqt only tells
theta that they had not ddermined to invade
rei,tre before - Gen. Tanks marched to Cor-,
Christi—but he "eneeurages them to re
fustilaccedieg to the just offers of liar govern
petit, by saying, first, that we should and can
Oki no territory as. indemnity .from Mexico,
.tuni!that, after our victories we can afford to,
lio+agnaniinons-L-that is,. 'close the war by
backitig out, from:itce' The 'Voice
that!utters these infamoits sentimentsis known
in Mexico as that of a great leader in this corn
try;iiteretofore famous for his eloquence and
his liatriotism. That,VOice will reach the dis
comfited sr - dere of p'pistrate 11texico-*-will fill
the 4 with new vigor—make them eager to
raise new armies, and , resolute in :refusing to
comb to terms with the United States. - ;Verily,
Las Mr: Clity concluded. to 'close his po'htical
eat* by an act that ; may be productive of the
inosi fearful consequences !
News of Peace!
*rumor which is well authenticated, reach
es by Way . of New York, that : Commissioner
Tui4 . l.r- but again succeeded in opening Degotia-
Itionirwith the Mexican Congress, -whether by
,4wn motion or tbelis, iersains
• to be seen:
At any rate this pew stepdif taken, was taken
ne iloubt before his despatches recalling him
'leo* have been received.
Mikes tvrogsr IlosxpoN.--The Mercantile
friends of the late &Las WILIGIIT e of the City
of New York, h testimony of theithigh respect
for its public and private cbaracteiJ, presented
a service of elegant aver' late to his Lady, at
the ;Stnyveisant Institute,, on Thursday evening
leak . valued at $1,900,. consisting of one hun
dred and twenty-five pieces. It was projected
tie4ve been presented to the illustrious `States
man and benefactor of his country, during his
life] but deatlytuddealy, removing those
whir; were instrumental in the desiguthought it
highly proper to Convey the same - to bis esti
mable, Lady. Senator Dii spoke in' behalf of
,Waraur, paying an appropriate eulogy to
theiehatucter of Mr., WRIGHT, and an eloquent
trib!lte to those of his friedds 'who were learn
theOtal in getting . , ab splendid a compliment.
Tin SerxxrtrtcAstsurcaw.=Will the pub
lisher of that . excellent 'paper inform ILS what
00 ; reason is that we do not geette eOpies due
us f r We have now published tho.Prospeettus
seflpral weeks, and forwarded a copy each week
to Plat 'office, but froth soma unexplained cause
ha received but barely one. number of the
.I)4eut Yelunic, -iVe Air: ll 4, 014 tali good
traMtment. , ; , : .;
the publisherls .diiposed to deal justly
"10 us, will he a* send W.Ohe back numbers
(dile current velume ;
isoors . ios Gus Scorr:=There willeoon
be.' 7 a largeMimi:4ll'oo'e eitj blezi
-011! CoLC l'l 4 4 iik Ma j o c: La tY
.1;44)0 ; Gen. •Lane .8,000. , Mat Patterson,
5 40; in all 114030,'. NUM :Ofutrhitilrhave ere
thii joined ilin".! . f . ocoq. l !' gthilitiOir,' by the
end of the'ioiii4:ztinth,Ad jOikbry reehb
4 . 4 *P 4 Alliti' s l o6 l , 40 M'P'1 1 .14c° 4 1 8 FIT
atunberibuy 55,00 **wet eaough.4 9:ver;
wiii*thteMeadeant iieveryalbreetion.l ,
, n 1
pusuqmik 4 , ), Airwpron,r-114xiiii r 4rigus
gap beirted ofAs amount
Of M 4 busiaeiitt 1'101601014.11.th/ ire ttlitel
si r tliali/iP t s 444o l otoig *lt; ablla
eelitea spa 'Esiiiitot btilikAoinge tboAnuf
goo; A the 'AklettiiveitThelinfi l re "me n
' . , 111V i t..,
V i t tV ti 11 Y 1 1 146"4 ".# 4 *
N e ge.
'' lieliv Cre' ea of -ICRIds *aki: ~1
Udder dii' *4 , i 4 Nei York Evening
Post ;thus ably ' dissect, and )exposes the Anti
. American iiropositionti or Oki " Sage of Ash- i
land, 4 ' in his late Lexiligtonl manifesto. T 4
article need l net a yeti o icommendation oti
qualification front us :1. • . ;
If these resolutions frare to be regarded "
the platforlif et the wig party for the next
sessien of congress,ind;as embodying the lead
, ing yiews tOliq taken by the.' l ,whigs in the next
presidential 'earcip . aignj they possess an impel.-
Lance ..whiatt, no inherent merit of their own ,
cold eber , give them. That such w il l be the
pain $ to a certain ettent talready apparent, ,
and' ny will feint an nroffietal declaration of
mitres to be pursued by the Clay portion of 1
the ,big party. i ' i
WO cannot refrain from expressing, at the
outset; our regret that these resolutions are
not narked by those broad, Manly and states
manlike views which the whig party is capable
of •expressing, or by that strong adherence to
the honor and welfare 4 the country which is
certain to carry it_safely and proudly through
The first position to ; be taken is that of an
attaet upon the Government . This is to be
clone ri 'a wilful-and viOentintanner and carried.
if , neeessary; even to an inipeachment of the
Psesident. The mede , in which this is to be
bijou& about is certainly set forth with con
siderable ingenuity. ;It is to be assumed in
the Outset by the wilco; majority in Congress.
1 that the hostilities between : this country mid
Mexiro arose out of an'order of the President,
for the movement of troops which was • " im-,
provident and unconstitutional," although ti e
President is commander-in-ehief of the army,
and is the only person authorized by the Con
stitution to give these orders. But the omen - -
atitutionality consists in the neglect to ask per
missien of Congress for this order. Baring
thus established the guilt of the administration
it is entirely removed by setting forth the sub
sequent sanction of Congress. Thus it, is as
serted that the President is the immediate
cause of the ova no declaration of its objects
and ends has ever been made,and that it is the
'duty .of - Congret a •toinsist upon one at once ;
land if the President refuses to conform to this
in the conduct 0 the wer,then Congress should
adopt most efficacious measures to arrest its
iAny one can penetrate thin' the thin glosi
1 with ;which it is here attmtpted to cover the
objeet intended. It presents the only even
plausilde ground upon which the author of this
resolution believes the whig party can secure a
shadow of apparent jestification for commen
cing immediate, open and direct opposition to
the measures of the administration in the con
duct .of the yar, and for - defeating to their ut
most all the efforts of the patriotic citizens, to
secure its " vigorous prosecution" until peace
is obtained. Planting: themselves upon these
assertions, whether true or false we need not
i stop tottonsider,theyhig majority in Congress)
rand the party throughout the country will in-1
tend to demand a suspension: of all further hoses
. Ent let us see what they will next ask for: '
The annexation!of all Mexico is unhesitatingly
denounced. What portion of the country then
is this, new creed in favor of obtaining or re- '
ceiving ? The: sixth resolution reads thus ai
the Close, "We have no desire for the dismem
berment of the i epublic of Mexico, but wish
only a t just and roper 4djustruent of the limits
of Texas"On y a proper adjustment of the
limitt9lof Texas 113 asked for; What are those
limits 1. Are• they to be confined to the Nue
ces ? 1 to the Rie G.rande? -or to extend even
to tbnishores of the Pacific ? A candid expo
sition 'of the resolution's and remarks of Mr:
' Clayi so far as reported, lead to the conviction
that the Nueces is the limit intended. This is
confirmed by the preceding resolution, Thfit,
asserts. it to be the duty of-Congress to take
meaSures and effectivemeasures to arrest the
further progress of the war if the President
should , decline or refuse to carry out the objects
i of the war which maybe specified in the deo
Now if the declaratiOniiihich the whips may
put forth, calls for the . Nucees as a boundary, I
of course the President would refuse to widen
vor to accomplish such an object. The alter
native is here thrown in, that if Mexico shoulif
refuse to come to terms when we-have declared I
the objects and ends of the war, then it should'
be prosecuted with vigor until its ends were at-
tained. We might add further, that Mr. Clay,
in his remarks,states that_ he would "undertake!
in sixty hours to setae all ',difficulties in Tao.- I
tion Ito, a boundary line."
I.l' such a position Is taken by a powerful
party in this country, it will afford such aid
land comfort to the Mexicans that they will lis
ten to no terms.of peaee that will ever he of—
fered by us to'them, ;and the war will not be
ended until the whole country is in Our posses
sion, Such poOtions its these are evidently in
conflict with the spirit : of this nation, and• it is
altogether too late to look for their success.
Having taken this - '! - grouod of opposition to
any further annexation of territory, the resolu-
I Pons next assert what. almOst every person in
the dountry would assent to. They disavow
any desire to acquire any foreign territory for
the purpose of " propagating slavery, or intro
ducing it from the United States into such ter
*oil.," This is not he Wilmot Proviso, by
aormeans. The •Proviso assumes that territo
ry be anneied i and forbids the introduclion
:of slaery into it. ' •
These resolutions ase opposed to any, annex
ation of territory, and, also disavow an desire I
to propagate slsvery fiom this eountry nto airy
other. This was disavowed' by Congr ss years
ago, when the law was poised probi iting the
slaVe trade. This resolution does not touch
either the northern oft the Southern side of the
Proviso question. -
Such is the substance of these resolutions
and of tide speech. We hepe the wills party
will have the good sense to!reject t'oem, as not
expressive of their views or feelings,. or in,har.
Withlhe spirit lof the country. What
their fate; woul4 be, if ever submitted to the
!de side of the nation; no man could have any
Ilheinta ion in Ileielitrine.
. . 1
i:. tie Suicito* YP.T . .,—. l Fhe 'Legislature •)f
Telenessee , has not yet - sneeeeded in 'electing ,a ,
11* Senator,_it Mr. oattering prevailing,ovo
the, several, eaididstes in the fleld: About
thirty ballots bad beettl taken up ito the Jut
ndWdefi. , " Trinnwsitus *higgery 1" I'
:,....,„_........., - i". .
Let the, Federalists dare to bring Men.
0 1 014140 re the pe . Ple fcir Preisideht in 1:4, I.
rtioto9tn B e ec tiFili) ; _ bis 46, P - On•
#piseoiib : lio_tdd 'an d ,' '
give #41,000, Joasjoiil3;
spine, him. He never waS born to ruin siren
people and be never twill, fL ::. I - 7-
trOtporolartty 111 , 2.1 :. ,g00r • rtiili o *.
• As anacidOcs( of , hisatioltiv4
on the govermnetiOnstitutiOis and d'eso4: a ii
well las -rights of hiti - l*ryr4 bOvel awaliehA I
. , ,
welave only to, c,lte tolmfoft thOt thaieroZ ire
neut f.al press of ',the *mutt", so;: , fihi• ua they
haverspoken, is : ;'-irettir;general; hits to
ken otrong and decisive,. : ::grouir" againtit 4hem:
An article below,iwhicir'; is copied ft:, the.'N.
.-Stm, neutron, to jOurnar irielditica-potent
influence whichever way
,it goes,, and ;having a
circulation of upWards ii 50,000, is Voth
eloquent, and overwhelming.. Another which
follows it from the N..X.Hertad, elotineutral.
of.the same City; and anOther-from the N. Y.
True' Sin, are true reptesentatives Of public
sentiment, and show: hcry widely of the mark
the 4reat Whig grade has shot 'hula effort to
slide into the current forithell.residency. Ev
ery neutral Daily 'press in - Neir York city is out
radically opposedjto his diatribes and , proposi
From the 24 It. Fop. ,' ' ,
MEXICO, on .io Mnicreo.,,-- The . lone- ofl
Henry Clay's voice have; scarcely ceased ring
ing from the political platform, at Le.xington,
yet their sound his vibrated oi'er the Union,
scattering confuston throngh th&great pdlitical 1
party of which . boil has been called the ernbodi-
went, and creating astonishment among gip' in
telligent masses of American people of allpar
ties. His speechis the political death-knell of
millions who pinned their faith to his skirts, but
who at length hate found him, abandoning -his
country in the
_proudest and moist perilous mo
ment of her destiny, and advoCating , a policy
that would brinig her peerless name to dishonor
and contempt amongst the nations of the world.
Whilst a few of our countrymen and &outcrop- I
rary journals have been breathing treason to
their birth-right, we hoped that, the voice of
Henry Clay—he,kvho fOr,forty years • has bat
tled nobly for, his ,country and the extension of
freedom and huMan rights, would strike them
dumb in the midst of their reviling and defama—
tion. We. and not only, we, but the nation is
disappointed. The man who, up to- :Ithis !no
u cut, has defended theintereSts and ;integrity
of his country whoarrned and sent his favor
ite son to die fordier, now proposes h'cr ,aban
donment and dishonor. • , Mueb.as we regret his
error or madnesit,,we are; glad that Henry Clay
has spoken at•this time and upon.tho question
of Mexico or V.O 'Mexico. It has brought the
Subject Closer Heine to ;the ,Anierican people,
who will now arise and 'utter , iheir Will. We
wish it distinctly understood that we are net
partizans. We 'fina nurselves opposed ,to thp
stand Mr. Clay has taken, and to all :who may
adhere to his propositions, from a love` of our
copitry, its liberty and institutions—from sym
pathy for the future weal of the clown-trodden
millions of Mexico, and from an earnest con
viction that providence has willed this war to
unite and exalt both nations, 'which result we
nUM" believe, is as certain and inevitable as any
event in liemaa destiny. Can it be that there
is an intelligent American so blind and mad, as
to calmly propose that the United States, after
;being forced by the act of Mexico, to enter her
territory, defeat her armies and hordes of mer
e eiless rubbers,— scatter the eluud of despotism
: that bung . ever her people and 'plant our pro
tecting banner ever her ports, - fortresses and
,capital, at the expense of thousands of precious
lives and millions of treasure, shonkt at once,
, without indeMnity for-the past; present, or in
, ture—without accomplishing peace or justicej
abandon the splendid prize that has bt•eu thrust i
into our bands. Yes, lieurY Clay proposes all'
1 this ! He asks that Mexico and thd Califur
; nias be at once abandoned without indemnity
or specification. He `aks the Cengress which
'noted men and snppliesto assert the tights and
' defend the honor of the nation, to impugn its
I own deliberate act, sty Witluirawing Our armies
from the field where they hays coveted them-'
- selves with glory and threatens the Preaident,
whose patriotism will fill a .proud page in
1 American historyi—should he resist such action,
• with impeachment. • Before what tribunal does
•he think such impeachment can be made ? Ts
it the people? Already from.the hills and val
of Maine tot Oh dpltas of the Mississippi 1
!we hear the vole of the people and the press
denouncing the i snit and dishonokoffered and
;pi oposed, with ones of- i thunder. 'lloliticians
i may connive, or uake and tremble ap.theywill'
i —Wilmot Prov . cos, Abolition; and isruption
1 of the Union, are lost in, the tiremendous shout
1 of.the, American peoplef i Mexico most'fat—
;hall not be aliti,ndone I Her- tyrants 'hare
trampled cn the olive branch ;that crowned our
banners—have rejected the hand . that • proffer
-led peace, proteetion, and bletisiug÷and now
conquered and seattered,ldezien, by
,11 her in
terests, asks Mt ito bind her to, the Union to
I save her from the revolutions.. and oPPres ens
, that- have drained her blood and treasure, and
raise her to the level of!peaeeful, and prospe ous
nations. Considerntiens of interestiaside; we
are morally bound not 0,.f0r.54e her., and we
, never will. Congress tray, it' A dare, defy. and
belie its mastera, the, peoplo- r . the President
may falter :from,his • tryst, ! but „their . treason
would he brieE , The destiny.,of
kr the bands of the Pelle, and tho but ,elee
tion turning upon this- oint,,not all the poierai
of earth can alter their dacisioti Their u t
1 ruination• is made - and 'neither lienrs;Clay, nor
the combined ; ,politiciani of tbatniort, can /welt
it. The glorions 'sierras amid ,valleys of. Mexico'
are fated ,to -be lie!iedi:ta t ,..tba,. mountains and
prairies the ; United 1 States:- , Th 4, sPft; .4e ,
Edens, breath of her. orange-scented air; must?
minor s with an temper the cold broses of:the'
north. gur liberty, .matitntiOna, alt,, Flom*
and esterprisavtill tritiU4Orta h,rx..seitif I Plifili;'
happy, and vigorous ppoPle. :,;Icler liold, iiilver .
precious WOO 4 dYe. staffs, oir ; ritill.*opical
fruits freely .e changed :for 'Our,-grains,. iron,
manufactures, a d, ar4, - 4,i1l fill, the.',treitsuries
of, both, in!! w en a passage kiiept.tlfrough. ; lter
soil from the Gulf _ton the ; Pac:4.itha North
4meriCanlppOlio will h0t011i , 443,8,0t yelp , .
~, , i11 .1°. 1 . .4 - tli ,4i1h4440,.. of
poitrer i in the;- . ita.. f i att:fnylf.lolAll4llopliC
.1118 two Re publics tf, gOlkii" 4, COF I RPO
Va l4 B 'in d; P i a 6rl 4=-IY.lltilkct,":4 .Tit, e..iliifiFeßtie
of angnage, habits_ A 4*( 1 4 1 01 4 140. 1 . 1714 ,4..
son f ade -0 1 1 k - be the nw.O., 11. Or, , ißtorir.i!e'
awl: civins4tiq • ~ . :,7 cip.)4( 40* .W-._:-
wa 7Pti!"l l/ ' 4l ! t C'- , *4, ,9133.149zit.iehPPlit -,M*
Saionme,Mexiactia,kk.tbaa o,li .Iffe, timPi l .l
Henry,Oilii. W!i:lhe#o43 , -coo iMi 11 -99. 1331 '.
°lCOltiPn tt!a.r.-0.,:9 9f,t, 1 4+11044- $4O, t f
4 - 0, 1 10 6 i "4 15 9.0, 1 4/ 4, tt itelt,S*,linooo•.,o . 615, ,
cuss the. que4ion, ~skiat i pc-44cliorogpfaut o u
itkpc,e,ti 1§1,41). wit stop the: career of freedom,
that 4cqPPPini, 01, 31 4 0 -•'5.4144.*"1.u, say -;e"
asserts it4 ' . 0 " 4 1'" o,',Hilk: ef 14tePOli° t
81 1041 . e rfsi4lll9:‘lll. Plitt4:4lBl.4o***
, - I t 4
cf. tiois; and refirsoier save-and blegs
,f3rairtipled tellow-men t Shall' our soldier '
rei:frOrn the: field witiiont laurels, our
coofy,be shamed and - dishonored in the eye s
otthetworldl These are questions for the A.
ugeriCps to diseuss—BOnry Clay says, ye w
reilrniit the people say n6l .;we stand where
eie,lrrive Stood—we have isaid, a cm/myrrh ?
freeilopi •,•• its. boundary 41te ice-beige on th e
portk tl4. oceans on the !test, and Central 41.
thericit;'Wail we need it on the south, and short
Of that 'boundary no human power can stop the
current of thi Anglo Sawn raCe.'
- 1 From the N. t. Herald.
NU. laud s Itesolhatious.
gr. clay's speech andiresultnsprliesentQ
at the loxingtoe mectitig on Saturday li st,
mutiny: Jrutprotioidani - teriibandon all the
hrilliatittAulYantages : &bed int ; thee:war—t o
throw, npLealifereia tujkl)otlx.sidesuf the Rio
Grande—to beat-tlieimker for Mexico:with.
out asking indemnityint the fuel used in the
operatioe r -ure beginning, to.be.consideretth e
emanation of a mind oppressed. with-years; or
with misfortune:- Among the Democrats, such
a yolkcy is, of course, laughed at and ridiculed
among xemeiortiOns ,Of the **liiijoarty (helps*
re'elinvaUltnost displayed, lie.sides ginning, the
great mass of independents and 'stragglers be
longing to every camp!' i c ln short, every party
seems , tiPbe hstimished, confounded,: pareyzed
at the ilropositions and. the 'movements of Mr.
Clay,'witifit4eiceptitinrof it - "Certain' branch
of the Whig purl}; amiable
soplic branch -winch Ul!rocate abolition, anti.
rentism„ short,pantaloons, long hair, white
hats, and_other Muire indicationscinwards and
Mr. Clay'sfesolntions are plain and distinct
propositions, speeeh, such has been
received.; corresponds with the resolutions, and
we have , no dianhti when n full repOrt reach' s
ns, it will be
,elovent,iinipressive and star
ling. But no . eloqUenee; no:years, no wisdom,
can sanction Coursoof policy winch will throw
ridieUle inl:ecinteMpt:upOn the two brilliant -
eampaignsin Mexico:=the one by Gen. Tay-,
lor, and the tither by Gen. Scott. In eighteen
months an ; army of .American Volunteers, fresh
from their ; ; mountains 'and their valleys, and
without 'any. : previous discipline, have met in
nearly fifty battles ; five or six times their num
ber of a nlilitaryrace,- conducted hi military
officers thirty years in the field, and have de
feated them - in' levery engagement,—in Jewry ,
campaign-L-and ended by taking possessipn of
all their principalsea . ports, and their magnifi
cent Capital. Thia campaign exceeds,. cer
tain points of importance, any military opera.
tions that:the World has ever seen in its put
Now, after such a campaign as we hare
l;rick indicated—after an expenditare of fifty
millions' of dollars, and a loss of. tat' to fifteen
thousand of as brave men and generals as.ever
fell—arter , reacbing th&capital of Mexico, and
possessing all 'her sett'Ports—is itipoSsible that
any man, , pretending to be a States Man, claim
ii ii , g to be an American; and willing o stun by
his country, can come forward, and. wit the
Lord's prayer on his lips,' and " a .grace b Toro
moat" on his tongue, calmb-, propose t tall
these advantages—all til.is blood and tre. sore
- -that all these fruits, , sbonld lre aban anvil
and thrown away, and:that We should cal back
our armies, evacuate the counfry:aed retire ti!
011;,owtt„borilero withopt.exiacting „indemnity
for, Om past and - security, for : the future l I t
would he children's plaY. We do 'not, belie‘e
there is •a fraction of the people of this country
' that would sanction such a course of action on
' the Tartnf their novernotent„ their ,Pre.sideto,
or Congrese. - There is, to .be sure, a small
- faction of fanatics who din the .workl about the
colored race,,that .would .satietion..the, wildest
notions, wider the name of latmanity and no;d
ern tion ; ihtit - beyond.that *lump, it is ()oriole
belief there exists among the .Anierieas people
not the - 'slightest "clispoSition , to-: adopt!' snch a
policy as that indicatedby Mr. Clay. j , , '
On - this part: , of the country,' therefore, 'the
speeeh and resolutions Of Mr. Clay: hate fallen
on 'the piablie mind like- a hand:grenade. The
first effect of it. will be to rend into two factiots
the whig party, just flushed' with the Nieto!) ,
it has accomplished in this State. . There is a
portion ;of the Whigs, Who -will adhere to Mr.
Clay,iim,their candidate, up to the day:ofjude
merit; - 'but there-is 'el-large section of them,
with:Atnerican - feelings', Americiar principles - ,
who• will notlollow ' the. conrse pointed oat by
biin ;- and Who. will - epptort., any other candi
date for-the' Presideneyon mference tia a man
who Wonld-take such et;outse. ;
':l' . :F, ; ,. ' ' ' 'iioni Ilie !liu6 r :pan. . , '
"Italie - first refectians on the
'citlielizct,of 'ease Whigs in ConeiresthOo hare
in l stainid the Saar;
andttng nerons. yo t iridOnerons and
riatriotte . fe.elingi thnee'4entlementbrew asiae
the obligations of paityAo'sustainitheir coun
try thei,, , kere. actuateti .-by. motives that did
thetri honor, ana . we"re:int to bear such a man
as Mr. 014 inid(declatung he =Wilhelm died
&Pre - hi vouldfollowthsuch, an example."
- - ittr. , Clay. simian In. the Field.
. Mi. , C r layimi again apPearedhetOrotbe Ds
twrto:PreOtt, l an- iistut for the Presidential
campaign: 841'4-fiat issue stems , who the old
Federak'ery - Of nurnore tonatory.T, This is the
same ,!-err Which Was raised e wheat; Louisiaaa
was parehased`by Mrt leTefferson, when Florida
was ati)uire — a hy:,,,mr: iqoaree, , and when Texas
ionwanneied. by the election of:Rreeident Polk.
liniebki pieven the .wisdom of these three sc
ijniiitiOna v few if ans , :eould be found willing,T
re4teado.nei of - this aehuired ,tenitory. and if
the Califoniias are acquired from :Mexico, two
ty,....eiiii wijii prove net:: asr. poptdar is the
acquisition •of Louisiana: .= Mark the prediction.
-, ...Dentecratio, Unimr4 .1 , 7 71:. g 'lf'.
.^ . ; Tilit r 'lt i l i fr i Ulli *pits oftile.iffogn9L"
tu,the.,nontra,q;lo4 Nwcrital'el,* ,En la nd
the tevenuebmreaset!illac3l l .4.,#ew. ..14. - ' l u"
the receiptain theirs* two-Weeks of this month
heingffearliAsUo,4lloo inorellunk the nieipts
in theilantet'timailase, iiear..l li:lduch ieterest a
fe_iti:o`feWth,. ii-lapost;:et he Semtery of Os
Trtiii***hieve'woliesitationia saying ,
_iv i,iiillMill . al, , in arraykifActi ina,slma
Urgenie4 any; rteportls*eiliaTereato-kcesgrms
'Viral- AOhibit.tha - uiStrailainereiraing •resour
oh! 'of tbevednritrvitaipeciniary: - AWRY 'm a '
• bt.idi — kii klOsuieei aCowiefeeiet and itolipg ,
otheirwigkf.wbitnver isisoutit'ire way. ;Me* f or
theteideetnaill the aosuitOi iths thegue
'height g/sterelAndiSther4lointil'Of aasakrew
ilittiek - tin4i ciakeTmoilitleittiOniiiabe'rt"a'
welbenitt; t * pereeivixelliesdeep,eossidera
tkiwilt ' ' " t.bfbilibmbNltinred hy..tbe See
retarTl4l3 tit . subject', ins ',4he high estimate
*job thir ertr Okiiirir , tr467l4l l o k le"'
--,v-. , - ~.!-,