The Patton courier. (Patton, Cambria Co., Pa.) 1893-1936, September 09, 1897, Image 9

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NOT THE WAY IT WAS,
Things Had Not Changed at All Since Heo
g Was Young.
Three young men were sitting to-
gether ig.the rotunda of one of the big
hotels. They were discussing the prog-
reas of invention,
“It's strange,’ said one, ‘‘how com-
pletely old ways of doing thing have
been superseded. You may talk about
its being hard to introduce inventions,
bat if a scheme is any good it'll be uni-
versally adopted nowadays in no time.
Why, you'll find even middle aged men
who remember when everything in use
was different. There’s hardly a thing
now that’s done the same way or by ,
the same appliances as it was when
they were young. Why, my uncle can
remember the time when every kind of
goods was made by hand, and be isn't
very old either. It’s laughable to hear
him tell how they used to get along.
Everything, it seems, was done about
the slowest and hardest way on earth.
People used to think that they were in
the world to work, and it didn’t make |
much difference what they were at. 1
tell. you, boys, you don’t appreciate
what it is to live in these days.’’
At this juncture a man with entirely
gray hair foided his paper preparatory
to departing and looked at the crowd
near him. One of them, observing him,
ventured to ask what he thought about
it.
“Pretty nearly right, I guess,’ he
said.
“Now, J suppose,’ began another,
“you can remember when the horse car
was the only known method of metro-
politan conveyance, when bicycles were
a thing to come, when telephones were
an experiment, when they didn’t make
any ice in July, when most of the steel
in buildings was in the door locks,
when newspapers printed two sheets
and thought them heavy, when fountain
pens were an undisturbed dream, when
aluminium was a theory and when
harvesters were beginning to be talked
about. ’’
‘No,’ returned the person addressed.
‘I'd like to agree with you, but I can’t
do it. The facts are otherwise. When I
was a young man, business men used
typewriters. A good many were think-
ing about putting in a phonograph.
People who didn’t own any bicycles or
feel like paying for a cab usually trav-
eled around town in a cable or electric
car. Telephones cost 10 cents a try just
as they do now, unless you knew some-
body you could sponge on. Airships
would gc up and come down pretty
much as they do now. The Sunday pa-
pers were so full of ads. that it tock
till Monday to find anything to read.
Smoke consumers were making Chicago
a beautiful place to live in.’
The gathering was now looking in-
credulofis. Things seemed to need an
explanation. So he concluded: ‘‘You
see, I got this gray hair trying to make
a soda water manufactory pay in Kan-
sas. Then a beard will add afew years.
I was 27 last March. ’’—Chicago Times-
Herald.
Getting Married.
In “His Quest of the Golden Girl”
Richard Le Galliene, in one of his open-
ing chapters says:
‘Undoubtedly the nicest way to get
married is on the sly, and indeed it is
at present becoming quite fashionable.
Many young couples of my acquaint-
ance, who have had no other reason for
concealing ‘the fact beyond their own
whim, have thus slipped off without
saying a word to anybody and returned
full blown housekeepers, with at home
days of ‘their own and’ everything else
like real married people—for, as the
old lady d tome, ‘You can never be
sure of married people nowadays unless
you have been at the wedding.’ ”’
The author then further philosophizes
as follows:
“I don’t krow myself what getting
married feels like, but it cannot be
much more than watching
other ye » getting married. Indeed,
I alway t something like palpivation
of the heart just before the priest utters
the final fateful words, ‘1 declare yon
man gud wife.” Half a second before
you were still free. Half a second after
you were bound for the term of your
natural life. Half a second before you
had only to dash the book from the
priest’s hands and put your hands over
his mouth, and though thus giddily
swinging on to the brink of the preci-
pice you are saved. Half a second after
‘All the king's horses and all the king’s men
Cannot make you a bachelor again.
‘It is the knife edge moment betwixt
time and eternity.”
eiting
exciting
Scott’s Narrow Escape.
The world had a narrow escape of
never having known a Sir Walter Scott.
When a tiny babe, he was left in-charge
of a maid, but the girl’s heart was in
Edinburgh, whither she wanted to go
to rejoin her lover. She was, however,
compelled to stay and look after the
infant at Sandy Knowe. The girl re-
garded her charge as an obstacle to be
removed, and afterward confessed that
she carried young Scott up to the Craigs
(under a strong t mptation of the devil,
as she expressed it), fully intending to
cut his throat vith her scissors and
bury him under the moss.
The Discovery of Iron.
According to the traditions of the
Greeks, the first discovery of iron by
the human race was made on Mount
Ida, by a tribe called Dactyles. It is
said that the friest was set on fire by
lightning, and -o intense was the heat
of the great 1:0 ses of fallen trees that
the bed of iron . oneath was melted and
trickled in sm:..l streams down into the
valley.
Iren :a Architecture.
The use of 1: on in architecture is not
80 new as pple are accustomed to
think. At D2l. isa forged iron colamn
60 feet high. 151816 inches in diameter
at the base wud 13 inches at. the top.
Its weight is estimated at about 17
tons. From ri cords extant it is reason-
ably certain that it was already in ex-
istence 900 yeurs B., C.
A MYSTERIOUS RACE.
A SETTLEMENT OF WHITES WHO
HAVE LIVED 300 YEARS UNKNOWN.
Cut Off From the World In Their Moun-
tain Home — Beautiful, Fair Haired,
White Skinned Girls Clad Im Snowy
Linen Garments.
That white races of mysterious origin
and of an advanced grade of civilization
exist in certain of the as yet unexplored
plateaus of Africa has long been a mat-
ter of tradition among all those who
have devoted their attention to the eth-
nographical and geographical science of
the dark continent, and Rider Haggard
and other English novelists have found
in reports bearing upon the subject the
theme of many of their mest popular
stories.
But no attention has been drawn as
yet to the fact that in the interior of
San Jago, the largest of the Cape Verde
islands, which pestle in' the Atlantic
off the most westerly pcint of northern
Africa, there exists a strange people
known by the name of the Cantadas,
who for 800 years past have been abso-
lutely cut off from all intercourse with
the outer world, and who are fair
haired, light complexioned and blue
eyed, whereas the remaining population
of the Cape Verde islands consists of
negroes and of Portuguese, who are
almost as swarthy and somber in colar
as full blooded Africans.
Clear and’ sharp against the sky line
of San Jago the mountain of San An-
tonio towers aloft in a pinnacle to the
height of some 8,000 feet. In form it
conveys the impression of an ancient
volcano, with its sharp slope on the
side toward the sea, but on the inland
side the declivity is broken by a sort of
cup shaped interval, at the farther end
of which there is the stump of what
seems in times gone by to have consti-
tuted a second peak, of equal height to
San Antonio, but which, through some
great cataclysm of nature, has been
broken off some 4,000 or 5,000 feet
above the common base.
Strangely enough, the peak of San
Antonio is accessible to clever “e:0un-
taineers, whereas the sister mountain—
that is to say, the broken off peak—is
quite the reverse. From the point where
it rises from the surrounding desert
table land there is nothing but a steep
wall of volcanic rock, not merely hun-
dreds but probably a couple of thou-
sand feet high. Indeed the only point
whence access could ever be obtained
to the summit of the sister mountain of
San Antonio would be from the cuplike
interval which divides the two, and
mention of which has been made above.
This cup, however, is filled with
water and is known by the name of the
Cantadas lake. It is a great sheet of
water of marvelous depth and clearness.
On this farther end of the lake, and
in the interior of this sister mountain
of San Antonio, dwells the mysterious
white race known as the Cantadas. Dis-
trustful, apparently, of the gaze of stran-
gers, these people of #he mountain sel-
dom leave their habitations during day-
time, and on the slightest alarm of
visitors they seek the shelter of the rock.
But by hiding on the opposite cliffs un-
til evening and with the aid of glasses
it is possible to get a good view of them
when they begin at sunset to gather on
the grassy meadow which fronts the
opening of the caves and extends down
to the water’s edge.
Beautiful, fair haired, white skinned
girls, clad in flowing white linen gar-
ments, which scarcely conceal the sinu-
ous beauty of perfect grace and form,
come out to wash linen in the Jake and
to sport on the cool green grass. The
men, too, are simply dressed in much
the same way, their white linen gar-
ments being admirably suited to the
tropic climate. Many other signs of a
high degree of civilization appear, and
from certain points near the summit of
San Antonio it is possible, with the aid
of strong glasses, to catch glimpses
through fissures here and there in the
wall of rock of the twin mountain, of
sheep and cattle grazing, of green fields
and trees and of white, flat roofed houses
running parallel with one another, all
brilliantly lighted by the sun, and there-
fore leading to the belief that the inte-
rior of this sister mountain of San An-
tonio must be hollowed out into some
valley, possibly the crater of an extinct
voleano, which, through some freak of
nature, has been converted from barren
basalt and lava into grassy and fertile
| slopes.
An intrepid explorer would not have
great difficulty inreaching the Cantadas
| people. All that would be necessary
would be to ascend the San Antonio
| peak, to descend on the other side until
| one reached the cliffs that overhang the
Cantadas lake, to have oneself lowered
by means of a rope to the surface of the
latter and then to swim across the lake,
which may be anywhere from four to
six miles in length.
Certain scientists who have investi-
gated the tradition and rumors that ex-
ist about the Cantadas among the in-
habitants, African and Portuguese, of
the Cape Verde islands, are inclined to
the belief that they are of Cornish
origin, This theory is due to the fact
that what is stated to be their tongue
resembles the dialect of the natives o:
Cornwall more than any other known
language.—New York Journal.
Humane.
Hanson—I saw Winton on horseback
yesterday. You could see daylight be-
tween him and the saddle half the time.
Nanson—Yes; that’s because he is
such a humane man. As he is off tke
horse half the time, it gives the animal
a good deal of rest.—Boston Transcript.
At the French Crystal palace was
shown a lock that admitted 3,674,885
combinafions. Fichet was four months
in unlocking it,
According to the computation of Vil-
lalpandus, the cost of Solomon's temple
was $77,521,965,636.
i
THE
i
———
BUCK JUMPER.
THER PECULIAR TRAIT IS NATURAL
AND NOT ACQUIRED.
The Movements by Which They Dislocate
® Would Be Rider--Tricks of the Raiser
Who Has a Colt to Sell—Rough Riders
of Different Countries.
“How does it feel to ridea buck
jumper?"
Muny years ago we asked this ques-
tion of a well known rough rider on
first meeting him,
‘You'll be surprised when you try,’
was the reply. ‘‘The smash of his hoofs
on the ground is what you'll notice
principally. It comes like apistol shot,
and-it’s enough to make you? jaws crack.
Another thing is that his head goes out
of sight altogether, between his fore
legs. But the real job is when he goes
in for side work and tries to catch his
tail like a young dog. Even if you stick
to him then, you're lucky if he doesn’t
work the saddle over his head.”
* You don’t mean without breaking
the girths?’’ we exclaimed.
‘“Certainly,’” he replied. ‘‘Ask any
man who has broken wild horses whether
a bad one can’t ‘jump out of the saddle.’
If you can sit him till the third ‘buck,’
you are supposed to be able to sit him,
but let me say that you don’t always
get to the third.”
As we have sat (and also been thrown)
by buck jumpers since then we can 1n-
dorse unreservedly every word of this
authority on the subject. To say one is
surprised is a mild term to employ. On
our first attempt our chief astonishment
was at the infinitesimal time it took to
reach the ground after the horse began
to ‘‘go to work.”’
Many who know anything of riding
in this (so called) horse loving nation
of ours will think they have ridden a
‘““buck’” often and require no informa-
tion on the subject. Be assured, how-
ever, reader, that it is an exceedingly
rare thing. We bave known men who
have broken horses on colonial cattle
stations for 20 yeara and have never
seen a real buck jumper.
A reason for this is the fact, which
all do not know, that only horses of
certain strains can ‘‘buck.’’ A vicious
horse may rear and fall back on his
rider, or he may roll on the ground and
proceed to devour him—and these hab-
its are no doubt unpleasant and not to
be recommended (in a child’s pony, for
instance), but if he hasn’s got the right
breed he will never ‘buck. ”’
One of the innumerable popular de-
lusions about horses is that buck jump-
ers which are exhibited in public, like
Buffalo Bill's, for instance, have re-
ceived careful training in the art. Any
one who has broken horses will know
that in their wild state they require no
instruction whatever in this direction.
The whole art of breaking consists in
teaching them not to “buck.’’ This is
why our colonies supply the buck jump-
ers of the world. Time there is money,
and hands cannot long be spared for
breaking. The 2-year-old is driven into
the yard (having possibly never seen a
man before), roped up, cast, and while
he is on the ground a saddle and bridle
are worked on to him. A rough rider
is put up, he drives the spurs well
home, and there you have an inveterate
buck jumper for life.
Put yourself in the horse’s place, and
you will hardly wonder at it. He is by
nature morbidly nerveus, and man is a
thing almost unknown till now. The
horrid black object on his back is to
the final dissolution of the universe.
In Australia it used to be no uncom-
mon thing that a man who had a colt
to sell got him broken in two hours be-
fore the sale. The whole process cost
just 10 shillings.
The rough rider was hoisted up, and
the colt went through his repertoire of
contortions, being occasionally lashed
from behind with a stock whip to in-
sure all traces of vice being thoroughly
eradicated. By the time of the sale he
was naturally so exhausted that all at-
tempts at *‘playing up’’ were (for the
time being, of course) out of the ques-
tion. The mark of the saddle was point-
ed out as proof positive that he could
be ridden, and he changed hands, guar-
anteed theroughly quiet and broken to
saddle.
Unless he was a first class rider the
experience of the buyer on mounting
him next-day would Le both unexpect-
ed and exhilarating.
Who are the best riders in the world?
The Australians say they are, and they
are supported by most competent judges.
South Americans claim to be as good,
and they are certainly good riders, but
not so scientific. They are satisfied if
they can stick on and even resort to
putting the spurs between the girths for
a foothold. Australians would scorn
such means, If good riders, they will
sit correctly even under the most diffi-
Jult circumstances,
Can buck jumping be cured? It can-
not, or rather we should modify this
statement by saying that it can. It can-
not because buck jumping isan ingrained
vice, the result of fear, and, once learned,
is never forgotten. It can, like all other
vices, be subdued by steady work and
careful handling, but recollect that,
once these are left off, it may return.
At all events such a “‘reformed’’ ani-
mal can never be ridden by a lady.—
Chambers’ Journal,
He Knew Her Name,
The following funny dialogue recent-
ly occurred in an HKnglish country
church when the rector was catechising
the children. ‘“What is your name?”’ he
asked a strapping girl of 13, the only
daughter of the village boniface. He
received no relpy. ‘‘What is your
name?’’ said the minister, in a mors
peremptory way. ‘‘Nin o’ yer fun, par-
son. Ye kna ma neame verra weel.
Duon’t ye say, whon ye’re at our houss
on a neet, ‘Bet, bring me a pint o’
yell?” The congregation, in spite of
the sacredness of the place, was on a
broad grin.
THE NOSE AND THE
A Physical Culturist Suys Pigeontoed Peo-
ple Have Crooked Noses.
A professor of phyrical culture an-
nounces thut he hag discovered an in-
timate connection between deformities
of the nose and the perition of the feet,
His name is H. L. Piper, and he com-
municates his observations to the New
York Journal:
‘You can tell a pigcontord person
without looking at his feet or seeing
him walk. The discovery was made by
me in 1891 while teaching physical
culture. I found a stubborn awkward
ness in the movements of my pupils’
feet. Looking for the cause, I found
that many of them were pigeontced.
In others one foot was correct and the
other turned in.
‘In teaching correct breathing I had
to investigate the condition of the nasal
passages. Then I found that wherever
the person was pigeontoed in the right
foot the right nostril was stopped up or
otherwise deformed. It was the same
with the left foot or nostril. If both
nostrils were defective, both feet were
pigeontoed.
At one time I examined 26 persons,
and every one of them was pigeontoed
in the left foot, with a corresponding
defect in the left nostril. At another
time I examined over 40 with a view to
testing my discovery. Some of them had
well developed nostrils and were not at
all pigeontoed. Some had overwide
nostrils, with overwide angles at the
feet to correspond.
‘Girls I found more generally and
worse pigeontoed than boys. The per-
son who has a whining or snuffling
voice is usually pigeontoed.
“Another discovery is that with the
defective nostrils were found invariably
stooped shoulders and hollow chests, the
stoop and hollow always bearing a
direct ratio with the defect. In extreme
cases there was an ugly protrusion of
the abdomen, a tendency to draw back
and upward the upper lip, exposing the
tébth, that have also an unsightly pro-
truding tendency.
‘‘Tell your friend to walk from you.
Watch his feet. If the left turns-in, tell
him that his left nostril is smaller than
the right. That is, that he can take
more air atany given inspiration through
the right than through the left nostril
alone. If the right foot turns in, tell
him his right nostril is the smaller.
‘‘Conversely, tell him to place the
end of the thumb under and against the
nostrils alternately, breathing through
the open one each time, and ask him
which nostril admits the greater amount
of air. If it is the left, tell him be is
pigeontoed in the right foot and vice
versa. Demonstrate by having him walk
naturally.
‘‘Remember that the proper angle is
80 degrees on either side of the median
line, or 60 degrees with both feet. Do
not close the nostril from she side, but
gently from underneath,’
English Divorce Laws.
The children of the marriage are the
husband’s if he chooses to have them,
but if he does not care to perform a fa-
ther’s duty the wife must support them.
If he is unfaithful to her, she cannot di-
vorce him (in England) unless he has
also committed the ungentlemanly sin
of personal cruelty, and in all cases of
divorce and separation it is a man’s
tirely decides not only the case, but the
him the foul fiend incarnate, and the’
first step in breaking he supposes to be,
dog thoughtfully.
consequences, as to the custody of the
children and the amount of alimony.
And if, despairing of justice, the faith-
ful wife endures patiently through life
for the sake of her children’s future,
; the English law permits an unfaithful
husband and father at death to will
away every penny of his property from
his wife and children to a charity, a
stranger or a mistress, possibly leaving
those whom the law made his depend-
ents dependent on the ratepayers of his
parish. This is not possible in Scotland,
nor was it formerly possible in England.
The law of dower protected the widow
until this century, when men tinkered
the laws so as to gain a larger latitude
for themselves. The operation of this
masculine privilege often gives oppor-
tunity for cruel oppression not dreamed
of by right minded men. In fact, it is
only because the large majority of men
are better than the laws allow them to
be that society is possible. —Humanita-
rian.
Constitution and Guerriere.
The Constitution’s guns were double
shotted with round and grape. The
broadside was as one single explosion,
and the destruction was terrific. The
memy’s decks were flooded, and the
blood ran out of the scuppers—her cock-
pit filled with the wounded.
minutes, shrouded in smoke, they fought
at the distance of half pistol shot. In
that short time the Englishman was lit-
erally torn to pieces in hull, spa, sails
and rigging. As her mizzenmast gave
way the Englishman brought up to the
wind, and the Constitution slowly forged
ahead, fired again, luffed short round
the other's bows and, owing to a heavy
sea, fell foul of her antagonist, with her
bowsprit across her larboard quarter.
While in this position Hull’s cabin was
set on fire by the enemy’s forward bat-
tery, and part of the crew were called
away from the guns to extinguish the
threatening blaze. — Barnes’ ‘‘Naval
Actions of the War of 1812.”
Gone Over to Bacon.
‘I believe,” said the funny boarder,
‘‘that the landlady has been won over
to the anti-Shakespeare crowd.’’
Will you please elucidate?’ asked
the long armed.
‘Well, she gives us bacon for break-
fast every morning now, you will note.’
—Philadelphia North American.
Wise Animal,
‘Dear little Dumpsy!”’ said Mrs.
Torker. ‘‘I believe he has almost sense
enough to talk.”’
Mus, Torker’s husband looked at the
‘‘At any rate,’”’ he
said, ‘‘the brute has sense enough not
to. '’-=Chicago Post,
reading of the man made laws that en--
TOES. |
; additional corrections.
For a few |
DISHOXNING CATTLE.
Che Operation and Jts After Effects Pro.
ductive of Extreme Torture.
Professor McCall, 1or muLy gears
principal of the Glasgow Veterinary
college, sneaking of the practice of dis.
horning cattle, suid: ‘1 have heard the
evidence «f Professor Walley, and I
agree with him that the operation is
one of extrerue torture at the tine and
afterward. There must be mage or less
pain until the wound isentirefly Lealed.
Under the most favorable circumstances
it must be painful for ten davs. The
operation does not benefit the animal in
the least nor the flesh as food. But if
the animal is vicious I consider it suff-
cient to remove the tips of the horns, 1
have known of an animal from which
the tips of the horns had been removed
to take to butting again, but very rare-
ly. Even then he did not do much
damage,’
George Andrew Leper, fellow of the
Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons,
said: ‘‘l consider the practice of dis-
horning cruel because it causes fearful
pain and is absolutely unnecessary, I
have heard the previous evidence and
agree with it,’’
Professor William Pritchard of the
Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons,
London, and for 20 years préfessor at
the Royal Veterinary college, Camden
Town, bad heard the previous evidence
and agreed that the operuticn tortures
the animal and is cnnecessary.
Professor Cox, Fellow of the Royal
College of Veterinary Surgeons and for
some time its president, said, ‘‘In my
opinion dishorning is extremely cruel
and quite unnecessary,’
Professor J. Macqueen, for ten years
professor at the Glasgow College of
Veterinary Surgeons and afterward at
the Royal Veterinary college, Camden
Town, said: ‘‘The operation is not
necessary, and, if performed at all,
should be done on the animal before it
is 6 or 8 months old. That prevents the
horns growing, and the operation is
comparatively painless.’’—OQOur Animal
Friends.
DIAGNOSIS BY GESTURE.
Different Diseases Produce Characteristic
Movements of the Limbs.
A medical paper in a recent issue has
described the characteristic movements
of the limbs made by persons suffering
from different diseases. The gestures of
the patient when asked to locate his
pain not only indicate its seat, but de-
scribe its character. Thus, if the pain
be in the chest and distributed over a
large area the sufferer sweeps the palm
of his hand over his chest with a cir-
cular motion, but should the pain be
local he first draws his hand away from
the body and then, with the index 'fin-
ger outstretched and the others curved
cautiously, approaches the spot where
the trouble is. In appendicitis he holds
the palm of the hand over the diseased
area without touching the sltin. When
suffering from violent noninflammatory
pains, the patient slaps the abdomen.
A child who complains of continuous
pain in the stomach, when there is no
tenderness on pressure is probably
afflicted with disease of the spine. In
hip joint disease the pain will be re-
ferred to at a point inside the knee. With
violent diffused noninflammatory pain
in the leg the patient grasps the limb
affected. If it be a shooting pain, be
will point at the place with one finger.
The pain of hepatic neuralgia or
shingles is indicated with the thumb
or forefinger. In joint pains the patient
approaches the seat of trouble cautiously
with the hand flat.
A curious case is quoted of a patient
complaining of a severe headache. Be-
ing asking in what part of the head it
was, he answered, ‘‘The top,’’ and
when further questioned as to the exact
spot pressed his finger on the side above
the cheek bone. This hedid three times,
though declaring that the seat of the
pain was exactly on the top of the head.
The cause of the trouble was found to
be a bad tooth.
Richelieu as an Editor.
The first reporter of France was Louis
XIII. The National library possesses
the manuscripts of 86 articles written
by that king. Almost all are accourtts
of his military operations. These arti-
cles were published in the Gazette de
France. The ‘‘copy,’’ however, did not
go directly to the printer. Louis XIII
wrote abominable French, and he had
vague notions of orthography. His ar-
ticles were corrected and often entirely
rearranged by a secretary named Lucas,
who copied them, sending to Richelien
the new manuscript. Richelieu exam-
ined it in his turn and often introduced
At the siege of
Corbie the king wrote a fow lines eulo-
gistic of the cardinal, but afterward
crossed them out of his article. Riche-
lieu wrote them in again, and so they
appeared in the Gazette de France.—
Revue de Paris.
“he Man Fish,
Matthew Buchinger, mentioned in
old English wonder books as the ‘ ‘man
fish,’’ was the most remarkable mon-
strosity of his time. He had neither
hands, arms, feet nor legs. From his
shoulders grew two finlike excrescences,
and along liis back there were several
rows of scales. He had the lidless eyes
characteristic of the fish species and a
queer puckered mouth and ng ears.
Picking Oakum.
Picking oakum looks very simple,
but it is dreadful work. It scon wears
the skin off your finger tips, and the
monotony of it is perfectly maddening,
The usual amount a prisoner in an Eng-
lish jail has to pick ina day is 8%
pounds.
It is calculated from Revelation xxi,
16, that there is ample room in heaven for
297,000,000,000,000 people, or as many
as the world would produce in 100,000
centuries,
The population of the earth at the
time of the Emperor Augustus is esti-
mated av 54,000,000 15 is estimated
uow to be uhout 1,400,000, 000.
’
RIN BIBLES COI
What They Are and Why They Are So
| Cslled—890,000 For One Copy.
At the sale of the Ashburnham library
in London a copy of the Mazarin Bible
brought the good sized sum of $20,000.
The Mazarin Bible is so called because
a copy of it was first discovered by De-
Bure in the library of Cardinal Mazarin,
ih Paris, about 1760. Its value for book
collectors lies in the fact that it is the
first book of any magnitude printed
from movable types. It was issued by
Gutenberg at Mainz, in 1450-5, and for
that reason Henry Stevens salls it the
Gutenberg Bible. It is divided into two
volumes, the first containing 824 and
the second 317 pages, each page consist-
ing of two columns. The characters,
which are Gothic, are large and hand-
some and very much resemble manu-
script. Before the discovery of this Bi-
be the so called Bamberg Bible of Pfis-
ter was generally regarded as the first
printed book, but that honor is now
universally accorded to the former work.
According to Dr. Austin Allibone,
there are six known copies of the Maza--
rin Bible on vellum, one of which is the
volume found in the Mazarin library.
The copies on vellum, however, are later
than the copies on paper, 21 of which
are known to be in existence. Thera is
a vellum copy of the Bible in the BYit-
ish museum and a paper copy in the
Lenox library of this city. The present
value of a perfect copy of the Mazarin
Bible on paper is about $15,000, and
those on vellum are valued at about
$20,000. Practically, however, their
value is a variable guantity, depending
on what the book collectors are willing
to give for them. It has long been a
matter of dispute whether the typesem-
ployed in printing this Bible were me-
tallic or wooden, but the question is
still undecided. As a specimen of early
printing the work is magnificent, con-
taining richly embellished capitals im
blue, red and purple.—New York Ttib-
une.
A SMUGGLER’S TRICK.
He Carried His Wares Openly, Yet Fooled
the Customs Officials,
‘“All this talk about smuggling re-
calls some of the things I learned when
I was in the service,’’ announced a re-
tired crcok catcher the other day. ‘‘New
ways of beating the government are bes
ing devised right along, and many of
/
the tricks I discovered are old now. , .
There used to be more trouble with the
diamond smugglers than there appears
to be at present. I have found the
sparklers in women’s back hair, hat
ornaments, hollowed shoe heels and
sewed up in various articles of wear; in
dog collars, in horses’ hoofs, in fruits
and vegetables, in trunks with false
bottoms, in pipes and cigars, in canes,
on the necks of carrier pigeons and even
buried in men’s flesh after the manner
of the Kafiir didmond thieves.
‘‘But the man who did the slickest
business without ever being suspected
told me about it afterward. He was a.
retired detective who had served with
great credit. Shortly before resigning
he claimed to have received a beautiful
diamond ring with three very large
stones from a New Yorker for whom he
had been able to save a good deal of
money. It was certainly a magnificent
ring, and the matter was duly exploited
in the paners. “He professed to be doing
a private business that took him ‘aeross
the river frequently, and he would of-/
ten use the ferry three or four times a
day. He always wore the dazzling ring,
and I looked at it every day for months.
Yet that fellow was making big money
smuggling diamonds. :
“How? Why, be bad a paste ring
made exactly like the genuine one. He
would wear the paste one over, leave it
to be set with dismends, wear them
back, have them replaced with paste
and thus carry on the game right befora
our admiring eyes. \We never suspected
the rascal. ”’—Detroit I'ree Press,
A Great Shot.
The Duke of Malakhoff was at a bat
tue at Strathfieldsaye and shot nothing,
much to his disgust, and when" the day
was over it appeared that he would be
extremely put out unless he was allowed
or enabled to kill something. "So im
spite of all the gamekeeper could think,
feel or say a pheasant was procured,
tied by its leg to the top of a post, and
Malakhoff was put some 30 yards off
with a double barreled gun. It was
supposed that he would thereupon and
thence take two shots at the bird. : Not
a bit of it. He loaded both barrels,
walked close up to the pheasant, put
the muzzle close to him and discharged
both barrels into him, with ‘“Hel eo-
quin.’’ The next day the Duke of Wel-
lington told the keeper that MalakBoff
was a great man who had smoked to
death 500 Arab men, women and chil-
dren in a cave, to which the gamekeep-
er replied: “Like enough, your grace.
He’d be capable of supibing. = ttf
ters of Lord Blackford.”
The Vary Larliest Coins.
No one knows exactly when or whers
the original coin was ‘“struck’’ or what
metal was used. Certain passages in.
Homer woald lead to the inference that
brass was coined as early as the year
1184 B. C. Tradition affirms that the
Chinese had bronze coins as early as
the year 1120 B. C. But Herodotus, the
acknowledged ‘ ‘Father of History,” is
of the opinion that the Lydians ‘‘in-
vented’ coins some time during the
tinth century B. C. One of the oldest
coins now known isa gold darie, coined
by ihe Persians during the reign of
Darius. On one side of this coin is a
bust of Darius and on the other side a
figure of a kneeling archer.
Sir Robert Cary rode nearly 300 miles
in less than three days when he went
from London to Edinburgh to inform
King James of the death of Queen Eliz-
abet.
The heaviest bell in the world is that
at Moscow, which weighs 432,000
pounds. That in city hall, New Yorks
weighs 22,300 pounds,
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