The Patton courier. (Patton, Cambria Co., Pa.) 1893-1936, March 29, 1894, Image 8

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    ther it became necessary for President
Ld alist tas be titurinl govesmERUSS. The
ol % WAY hil
' . House. Arriving there, he sent his name
of the Venerable ‘Hon. George Ww.
Jones — His Interview With President
. deckson—How He Outwitted Jobs C.
Calhoun—A Pleasant Sequel.
: [Special Correspondence.] 3
_ CHICAGO, March 22.—The Hon, George
, Jones, the first United States senator
BLS Mato SE Iova 00 8 Jat oon
delegate from the territory of
, is yet living, and though now |
in his ninetieth year his eye is still un- |
dimmed and his riatural force scarcely so |
thuch as abated. His political life began
with the administration of Monroe and
. did not end till the close of that of Buch-
_anan—40 of the most interesting years
in Ansarican history, Bomsof his manu-
seript recollections have recently come
“into my possession, and a few of them.
sre availed of as a curious illustration of
the political, methods under President
The territory of Michigan in 1835 cov-
ered all the country that is now com:
prised v-ithin the states of Michigan,
Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota and all the |
otlifyr sti:tes and territories that lis north
of Missouri and Califorpia and extend
westward to the Pacific. Mr, Jones had
no sooner taken his seat in congress than,
give this westerly portion the benefit |
orderly government, be drew up gud
to the honse of
‘a bill to organize the territory of "Wis.
consin. - The bill was made a law, and
: Jackson to appoint the officials to ad-
#0 called ‘“full tide of successful experi-
ment.” and under it the )
"in the territories, both executive and
judicial, had been filled by men from
“the older states, whrse chief merit had
been their service to the dominant party.
. A Letter fo President Jackson.
Mr Joneshad beer college mate with
Stokley Donelson—President Jackson's
adopted son-—and when a youth of 19
had served as sesguntiof he bodygnard
of “Old Hickory on the occasion of his
pug Sighs Resta yy won oh Ss
; ar elect from
a RE — for.
‘tunes. Mr. Jones keenly felt the injus-
tice that was being done to the west by
jac syetent hci, usd he acs og
: ties pid President Jackson
I germs,
offices | returned
pep Loc $i
To this Me, Jones rejolned; :
mas who put an end to the Black
war. {TF the Trost rement of the
! oolousl of the First 3 of the
: United States cavalry.”
“Oh,” be exclaimed, *is that the man
that you want?”
“Yes, sir; he is the man that my eon-
| gtitnents want.”
“Well, my son,” then said the
dent, “make me a list of all the offices, |
with the salary attached to each, and
bring them to me. I will give you some
of them, My cabinet will be opposed to
it, but I will give you some of the other
offices as weil as the governor,”
Old Hickory’s Fiat.
Mr. Jones then took his leave, mt ins
day or two he returned with the list,
: which he read to President Jackson, who
' thereupon remarked, “1 will allow you
{ to name the men to ill all these offices
except the judges. My cabinet say that
western men would take all the lands
from us, and we should newer get any
more lead rents from the mites. Bat;
yon may go into the state department
' and select such Democrats as have been
recommended from the states, and 1 will
appoint them.”
After thanking the president Mr, Jimes
went direct to the state department,
where he met John Forsyth, then the.
secretary, who curtly declined to show
him the lists. “But” remarked Mr.
Jones, “President Jackson has just told
me to come here and exvmine the lists
and the recotamendationa.”
To which the secretary replied, “Well,
if Old Hickory says that you musi see
them I cannot object.”
The result was that all the offices, from
that of governar down, were filled ou the
recommendation of “the yomng man
from Michigan.” This was strange, but
stranger won the fact that this domi- |
nation of the new man was submitted to
with the greatest good natare yt the
veteran politicians. -
An Interview With Calhoan.:
Early in the succeding year Michigan
was admitted as a state into the Urion,
and this act legislated Colonel Jones out
of his position as delegate to congress.
But he was promptly chosen as delegate
from Wisconsin, and in this capacity he
‘was, in 1837, called upon to organize
the territory of Iowa from so much of
Wisconsin as lay west of the Mississippi
river. This was no easy task, for John
C. Calhoun, who was then all powerful
in the United States senate, had set his
face inflexibly against the formation of
any more free territories, to be soom cre-
ated “sbolition states” and thereby dis
turb the balance of political power.
‘To every approach of Colonel Jones he
a uniform answer, “I would be
glad to serve you in any way except
when you ask me to sacrifice a great po-
litical principle.” Therefore to over-
come his opposition Mr. Jones was forced
‘the pension
A Visit 10 the United States Pension Office.
Leceding—Averags Age at Which Vet.
: postal Corieepondanes)
WasamaroN, March 22.—On the north
side of Judiciary square, on the tract
bounded east and west by Fifth and
Sixth streets and north and south by F
and G streets, stands the largest brick
building in the world. It is 400 by 230
feet in extent, cortains, with the galler-
jes, 198,000 square feet of standing room
snd would serve as standing space for
$0,000 soldiers in line. In its walls are
6,000,000 bricks. From the tiled floor
to the odd looking roof (which was to:
have been a dome; is 180 feet, and each
‘of the galleries surrounding the central
court is hth of & mile in circuit.
It is the best lighted, best heated, best
ventilated and ugliest of all the public
buildings in Washington and is known
derisively as General Meigs’ red barn,
It contains 2.009 regular officials and
employees snd is the central point of
more people's interest than any other
place probably in the United States.
From it more money is granted and to
it come more applications for money
‘than froma or to amy other building in
the workl, and the man who is at the
head of it sees moro persons than any
other official of this government except
the president. This is the United States
pension office, which has been under un-
interrupted fire for ome year and still
‘has to run the gantiet of what promises
to be one of the hottest political cara-
paigus ever known in an off year.
The Waning Femsion Rell.
These facts and roany others in this
article have been published bere and
thero at different times and are extant
in many documents, but it is well to
summarize them occasionally for popu-
lar reading, that the American people
may realize how big and how generous
their government has grown tobe. From
floor to roof the building is full of curi-
osities, living and documentary. And
first it is to be noted that the current
year marks the recession of a tide which
has been constantly rising for 83 years,
or since the civil war Bret begun to swell
Only a little while ago experts gave it
as their opinion that next year pension
payments would reach $180,000,000 and
‘that the annual appropriation would
amount to $200,000,000 before the decline
bégan. But the highest expenditures
were for the fiscal year 1898, when they
were $156,740,46%.14. For the current
year the appropriations were $185,000,
000, but it is now certain that not over
$140,000,000 will be expended, and so
to resort to 8 new order of tactics. He EF"
was at the time a leader of Washington
sociéty. He had a most attractive and | |
accomplished wife and was himself--as |
am’ told by an aged lady who was then
one of the belles of Washington—-*‘ex-
ceptionally fine looking, and with a high-
ly cultivated intellect, and manners fit
| to grace any court in Europe, and, 1more-
over, the finest dancer on this continent.”
It happened that Mr. Calhoun bad a
daughter, beautiful and accomplished
and the idol of her father. Colonel
Jones got up a party at the house of
Senator Linn of Missouri, and to it Miss |.
Calhoun was invited. He was of course
{ very attentive to her at the party, and at
Ronresi- its close he escorted her to her father's
lowing a wher he was approach-
or ed by Colonel Andrew Jackson Donel
son, the private of General
Jackson, with the remark that the. presi-
dent desired to see him. Considerably
; Mr. Jones inquired for what he
was wanted, and then Donelson, noting
‘hia Ee Eg a ot |
Cc lied, id yon Jot
S § a
0 call on him. He wants to seeif you |
ay talk to him as you have written.
3 Sugered
0 ans ake us wane?
ci dneiking a Corneob Pipe.
With no doubt the thought in his
d that his whole political future was
stake, Mr. Jones hurried into a hack
was driven rapidly to the White
up to the president and was told by the
: , who soon returned, that he
. was alone in his room. Entering this
: sbode of n royalty, he found
tt seated with his back to the
both feet elevated upon a table nd
y smoking a cornicob pipe witha | her
"cane stem some Supe or four feet long.
“Without changing hi position the smo
| gaid, #Take a seat, my son,” and at this
point Mr. Jones naively remarks, “1 did
80 becanse my knees trembled, and I
ald scarcely stand upright, for Colo- |
nel Donelson had made me believe that 1
had offended him.” Then Jackson went !
on: “I haveread your letter, my son, and |
it does honor to your hiead and your heart, |
Bat it has always been the custom to fill |
"the offices in the new territories from
citizens of the states. The office of gov-
ernor is £'véry important and responsi- |
ble one, for ‘he is nob only commander |
in chief of the militia of the territory, }
‘but also ex-officio superintendent of In.
dian affairs. Have yon any man quali- |
fied to fill tHat
“Yes, sir,” answered Mr, Jones. “I:
: bave the best qualified man in the coun. |
“What is his name?” asked Jackson.
“Greneral Henry Dodge,” replied Mr. |
Looking up to the cing nd poting | ]
house. As he was about to bid her good
night at the doorway she thanked him
for his great politeness and expressed
in} the hope thas she might be able to in
-| some way return his kindness,
can,” he answered. “Yon can render m4
a most important service by putting yout
lovely arm about your father's neck
when he comes down to breakfast in the
morning and 1 that he shal vote
for my bill for the admission of Towa, It
has passed the house and will come SF
in the senate tomorrow.” “I'll do it,” she
replied. - “I surely get his assent.”
A ceessful Ruse. :
Early on the following morning Mr,
o| Jones called at the house to learn the re-
sult but the young 1ady met him with a
ate 1a Clonl Jom,
“vofisenit to the creation of
tion states and should do
to defeat the organization of
Towa. Be aint
| of tactics, and “the young man from
arréinged with the
young lady .
a carriage to conduct her to the senate
+ before the Fows bill should come up for
consideration. Arrived there, she was,
on a given al from him, to invite
her father into the library and to keep
him there until the bill had passed the
senate. She did so, and thus it was
that Iowa became a territory and in due
time an important state of this Union.
A sequel to incident was the mar-
riage of Miss Calhoun to Mr. Clemson—
the messenger sent by Colonel Jones to
ly died, the mother of 10 children.
Jaxis R. Git.uon (Edmund Kirke).
Only One Peduction Fosaible,
A member of a well known elab in
London Jost his umbrella in the club
and was resolved to draw attention to
i the circumstance.
lowing notice to be put in the entrance
ball, **The nobleman who took away
« an umbrella not his own on such & date
Tis requested to return it.’ The com-
mittee took nmbrago at this statement
and summoned the member who had
composed it before them. ‘Why, sir,’
they said, ‘should you have supposed
' that a nobliman had taken your um-
' brella?’ ‘*Well,”" ho replied, “the first
article in the club roles says that ‘this
club is to be composed of noblemen and
| gentlemen,’ and since the person who
: | stole my umbrella conld not have been
{8 gentleman he must have been a noble.
| man."
He caused the fol-
thes ‘will be 8 surplus of $25,000,600,
Every month there are fewer claims filed,
.and for the last two ‘weeks the falling off
has been noticeable daily by the excess
of deaths and expirations over new claims
allowed. And ail this, be it noted, in a
natural result and nt that of any ruling
or policy of the department. With in-
creasing age soldiers and elderly widows |
div in increasing proportion, younger
figure om two or three occasions.
‘Deducting these and adding those now |
in the District of Columbia, but origi |
nally from the south, we have abont
84,000 for the lste olin states,
Of these there are 16,342 in Tennessee,
| which had 81,000 white men in the Un-
ion army and has received & great many
immigrant veterans from the north.
Arkansas comes next with nearly 10,000; |
then Texas and Virginia have today just |
abotit 7,500 each: North Carolina sad |
Louisiana, abont 4.500 each; Mississippd, |
sometimen a iittle shove and sometimes |
a ligtle below 4,000; Alabama and Gleor-
gin, something over 3,000 each, and 80 On |
down to South Carolina, which hasnever |
quite got ap to 1 800. Of courses ma
jority of those from the far south are
colored, and the law in regard to colored
widows is perhaps the most technical
and difficult of any part of the general
act. This grew out of the social condi
tion of the colored people in slavery, ro
quiring a peculiar adjustment of the
laws as to proof of marringe.
Curious Facts.
And how many men, excinding reen-
listments, wera there in the Union army,
and how many men wers in battle, and
what are the chances for the future of
those not now ~All these
things can bs and sre calculated with
much greater exactness than is generally |
apposed. Taking counties here and |
there over the United! States, the percent.
age of re-eplistments can be calculated
to a minnte fraction. Thus it is kaown
bow many of the three month mien re-
eniisted; how many of the otie year met:;
bow many of the. three year men who
were disabled early in the war
and re-enlisted; bow many of the 90 day
men of the emergency calls and of the
six montE men and 100 dey men had
served before or afterward enlisted.
Taking the percentage th
it isshown that, excluding re-enlistments,
the number of actual men in the Union
army was not far from 1,550,000. Of
these it is estimated that nearly or quite
one-third never saw a battle. It is als
estimated that between 1 and 2 por cent
of the entire riumber never stood a picket
guard or fired a gun even at & target,
and a surprisingly large number, but of
course less than 1 per cent, never did any
kind of military daty at all. Of course
it was not the fault of these, either of
the third or the lesser per cent, that their
case was as it was,
It appears from the rion that regi-
ments began to Jose men by actual disa-
bility immediately after they were sworn
‘in, and of thess losses the percentage of
kinds of accidents can be estimated.
Thus a few men were accidentally shot
and disabled when the raw companies
first drew their arma. A few were shot
by nervous sentinels om gnard for the
first time; a few more were thrown or
i kicked by army mules, run over by ar-
tillery wagons, run down by escapal
horses, knockod off bridges or disabled:
in any ome of 50 ways too numercas
1 to mentioh. Some men lost toes or fin-
gers by the queerest possible of acci-
dents. A few bad an eye put out, and
othérs bad their teeth knocked cut by
the awkwardness of men who were han-
dling cannon or other arms. :
; ‘Havoe of the Maasles.
But as near as can be determined by
examination of a few hundred cases at
random, it seems that the measles played
more havoc at the start than anything |
widows marry again. and young children | gq Along with the measles were oth- |
rench the age of self support. It is there-
| fore figured that by the close of this ad-
| ministration the annual expenditure will
but Kttle, if any, exceed §130,000,000.
At the head of this concern is Commis
sicmer William Lochrén, a veteran of the
First Minnesota and one of the few sar
vivors of that famous charge at Gettys-
burg, where his regiment lost 213 in
killed and wounded out of 262. His two
deputy commissioners are Dominick L
Murphy, wi wis too young for a sol-
dier, and H. C. Bell of Clark county,
Ills, who jan away from homie at the
age of 15 and volunteered in the Twenty-
ninth Indisna infantry.
Cases Put Through Quickly.
Therv sre 12 chiefs of divisions, each
with two assistagts and enough clerks
to mak» nearly two regiments, their pay
ranging from $000 to $2,000 per year, so
the total payroll of the office is over §2,-
000,000 per year. It isa treat to see a
new application come in and watch it
through all its changes. I can compare
it only to the exhibit occasionally made
at the Chicago stockyards, where a fat
‘bullock is put in in the morning, his car- |
cass in out meat shipped soon after noon
and his hide turned out in boots late in
the evening.
First the application is classed, for
there are 22 kinds of certificates, ranging
from those known as “old war widows”
| down to the latest from the regular army.
| Then the expert of that class goes hnr-
| bring her to the senate chamber—and -riedly through the case, and if any nec-
her long and happy life with him on his |
estate near Baltimore, where she recent- i =
. the applicant's attorney notified at once
! of the point of proof thatis lacking. But
' should the case be a good one and all the
»ssary proof under the law is lacking the
pase ia ‘‘jacketsd,” as they call it, and
proof ready, it goes trough not quite so
{ast as the hide anid carcass of the bul-
lock before mentioned, but still with re-
warkable speed. The recent apd pres-
ent slowness of the department is very |
largely due to the fact that it is dealing
with the micst diffienlt cases under the
law, the guick cases, uieaning those vasy
of determindtion, having been made spe-
cial anid put through rapidly under the
former administration,
Border State Pensions.
After standing soine time in the neigh
borhood of #68;000, the number on the
rolls has receded a little within a fow
days. It will, however, increase again
in the next stage of the work, but will
probally never again equal its maximum
last year. Another very interesting fact,
and to me 8 vTy great surprise, is the
number of pensioners i in the south, which
at first calculation appears to be a little
| er “seasoning” sic] knesses, and thes came
the regular carp sickness, winter fever,
mumps, whooping cough and a variety
of cortagions ailments. Numerous cases
are shown of recruits who were fine speci-
mens of perfect physical manhood just
from the farm and acenstomed. tothe so
verest labor who were taken sick in s
few days after reaching camp and never
entirely recovered. Add to these the 100
guarded railroads, and it is easy to be
lieve that one-third of all he enlisted
men never fired a shot in batth
It further appears that the average
age at which veteran soldiers have died |
is a fraction less than 57 years, and asap
overwhelming majority of the survivors |
have either passed that age or are very
near it the ratio of deaths must increase
rapidly. It is darkly hinted about Wash-
ington that the departinent has & great
in store for the country, and it
‘is occasionally alleged by the opposition
that they will spring such surprise abous
the time the campaign of this year gets
It is said that this surprise is to consist
of a general series of prosecutions which
will rival those of the whisky frauds of
1876 and create a sensation equal to that
created by the Credit Mobilier. It is
probable, however, that this is only talk.
But since the beginning of this year 7
persons have been convicted of fraud,
and many indictments are being found |
and convictions secured every week, A
large majority of these are attorneys,
‘who are the chief sinners, the pensioner |
in such cases being generally a mers
pase s instrument,
-The Nution’s Liberality.
An amusing feature of the case is that
under the recent order forbidd ing any
guspension witho ut 80 days’ notice and
restoring dll the pensions so far suspend.
ed some men will get back pay on two
pensions which they have been drawing
illezally, ard in a few cases pensions
will be paid to men who are 1a the peni-
tentiary. But to the honor of the veteran
it is also a well established fact that the’
percentage of such criminals is exceed:
ingly small—sinaller perhaps than that
of criminals in any other ¢lase. Iashort,
there is nothing in the records of the
pension office but what is well calculated
to herzhien the patriotism of Agpericans,
to justify the nation’s liberality to the
soldiers and make every veleran more
proud than ever that he was one of those
who ¢ 1:u2 to the rescue of his country
when it was bagirt on every side. by ite
foes. J. H. PrapLx,
mir Ko ;
i “It is & singular
‘people who visit our r &
[curious questions they ask with regard
to railroad rates, ofc.,
| they have no notion whatever of
the city and as a matter of fact
| traveled any worth
years there has been a very
séter who has made an sanual visit fo
' thin office. | have no ides from whenoe
| he cometh or whither he goeth, but be
| always asks the selfsame questions and
I goes away spparently satisfied with the||
information he has received. always}
| expect him in the springtime, generally
{about the Ist of April, when the san's
rays grirw wirmer..
“Then my quaint old friend comes to
© manner. He invariably Spel SY With)
“What's the rate to Boston? 1 tell him,
anil his eves light up ss be waddies out
| with always the same observation. “Well, |
by gum, that's cheap! cheap? If theold
man would tell his story, it might have
a tings of pity in it
son or danghterin the Hub City whom it
i hast been hia cherished hope to see for
thise years.
kEave todgal with ars persons who
bere with no other intention than £6 col
lect all the railroad literatures they can,
They have no notion of going sway, but
of time tables and other inf
bearing on tourists’ poiats in the
east, south and west,
lets treating on climate snd resources,
I don't know what these collectors do
them mast have a prize assortment. |
“Then the man who travels from one
end of the country to the other is the
person who invariably pushes into
office and in a brusk manner asks for
time table of the line he is about
take. It is given him, of course,
schedule it is stuffed into his pocket,
and his next question is, “When does my
first train leave” It never seema to
cur to bim to look on the time table.
it goes. Sometimes péople ask me
tions until I'm afraid ths buttons will
drop off my coat, but after all we
‘age to get along with our
markably well,” —Pittabarg I
of English clergyman. He was on ag
ovcasion to meet the bishop
L at dinner, and as it was
able that a favorable §
pod pple tm orden
and do kis best to draw kim out, as he
was anusnally ‘strony in Biblical lore.
Durty the Jsuzly gust of the
pany was afl attention be thus
the bishop:
t 1 vetomy to ask your opdabi
5 goede relative to a pint men
in the
me 3 good deal
“Oh, certainly —quite happy.” n
the dignitary, feeling quite in his
went i
“Then 1 should be glad to have your
lovdship’s dpinion as to how long it took
Nebuchadnezzar ‘to get into econditi
after he had been outro grad .
: Elerald.
z Nervous fingern RE
‘The effects of nervousness are
snd snusing. One young mezzo
was preventud just in time from walki
ou to the platform in a huge pair of
lined overshoes, which were pat on
ber slippers, and which contrasted com:
jeally with her dainty gown.
Another songstress, who was
with a good verbal memory, was
without note. Duiring a rather
ber song FA chanced fly to glance
the book of words which she was bh
ing. Confusion followed. She could
link the melody with the poem. It
a terrible moment, but she stepped
ly to the piano, glanced at the accu
panist’s copy and finished her song co
smore. It appeared on at
Dy 8 printer's error two lines of ber ng
had been left cat of the book of word
This had confused her and was the cas
of her failure to blend words and mus
together.— Atalanta.
The Young Moon.
| The editor of The Popular Scie
' Monthly talres certain imaginative wri
ers to task for their unscientific and.
surd stateppents regarding *‘the youn
oon” and “the cresewnt moon” and ad:
vises them to leave it slone, because the
so often contrive to get it in the wrung
place. In a story which has come under
lis motive ke finds two friends described
ns sitting ons one suxaner evening look
lng over the Thames, and the writer
on to say, “By this time the young moc
had arisen, and its cold light shimmen
over Jie misty river,”
nfuded that the young woon goes to
ed early and can never be seen in the
process of rising.
Co FPulmy Days Fox Cats.
The paltuy days fir cats were in the
times of Egypt's power as a nation, sole
500 vears B, C. They were held then a4
nacred as Jugs ur crocodiles, and death |
BE a: for killing them, From
their nocturnal habits and glossy: fur, the
Egyptians deemed them symbolical of the
moon, and a golden cat was worshiped
3% Syene. ~New York Sun.
bohass |
“The bizgest out and out nuisance we |
thay grab everything i gent in the way
: They greedily |
gather pamphlets, circnlars and bookd |
with the st: they get bere, but some of |
without so much as glancing at the |
a foot ttre. |
d rE
symphony jreceding the second verse z
It The Tribune has the In
any Weekly
Such writers are +
: The
fa Rory. will be sent to every oie J
wim 38
hl 1h} Bl 3
2 I aasnannasuesyey
Suey ens SHEE
is suv gRRANRENR
EEN ER YE Sova veveen
Fon ah in od SESE ES
1335 Junction 1158
po : en ii
BR C June. 115
Iu Glen Campbell 158
Road 1045
Jamction WD
MR aw
| i
F 2
! o
guEztf Pp
rg wat tae dn
Er EEEEEEESevennal
iT iieeese
-w ;
Sublime, Patriotic nd Nous,
A for toe estinte
Hx Them wins ful 3
The a National a OL
LILA Jour oun
Reseive the Publie Lands
fise actual settlers snd save then: from ManoP
olives and speculators! Pron ant rneoarags
the sctunl settler!
No Intesiaretes
with the rogressive
party natty 4 te nw) of )
a New Navy; Protecting the Sean
Pensioning U Union veferans; Sxcibding the €
evive your spetion? The broad echumns sod
trpe pri of of The Tribune make [tthe coplest
i temtniiois of
mn the United Tom
the offfew of a Deity.
country for a year, with no takers,
“Washington's Farewell.”
of The N, ¥. 5
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