The star. (Reynoldsville, Pa.) 1892-1946, August 24, 1892, Image 3
LAND OF THE CZAR. vwat nvssiA in not no to the. VKNT A FA MINIS IN 1808. The Famlnn HunYrera Have lie- colved 9:lftO,O00,OO0 Wonderful Irlvate Qlits of the Noble k Peculiarities ol the Pcoplo. JSftJ HE reports which are receive tiauj uere from the famine dls- 1 trlcts, aayt Frank G. Cnrnontcr In a Bt. Petersburg letter to the Wellington Star, are very encouraging, ami though the fam ine in atlil raging, the tlflrklinnn nf ttin .In. mmi of Russian star- L. Tat inn will, it is be- ,! lieved, bo broken by the llrst ol Septem her, when the har vest will have been gathered. Great want and much suffer ing, however, must continue to exist for tlie next renr or to in ninny of tho fitates, anl tho drought may preclpl lata a lecond iamino equally as tcrrl l)lo ni the present one. Notwith standing all that has been published concerning tho famine, we in the Unit ed States have but little idea of Iti terrible extent mid of the wonderful manner lu which tho l!usinna havo bandied it. No country in tho world, with perhaps tho exception of tho United States, could withstand auch a strain aa Russia la now undergoing, and there la no Nation in the world, except Ill'SSIAX perhaps one, that would riso to tho emergency and do so much for ita peo ple aa Russia ia doing. The contribu tions America has made have been of great good, and they are most thank fully, and, I might also say, tearfully re ceived, but they are only a drop in tho bucket to what Russia herself is doing. Our and other outside gifts amount, all told, to perhaps three-quarters of a tnillion dollars. The donations of the Government and tho people represent in the neighborhood of $350,001),. O00, and the Czar himself has given about ten million dollars out of his privato fund. Tiie Govern ment loans to the famine villages amount "to more than one hundred million dol lars, and these loans uo one ever expects that the peasants will repay. It is a physical impossibility for them to do to, and, as one of the thiol officials of the sQovcrnmont said to mo latterly, the Czar sdoet not expect repayment, lie always ivet a present to the people upon certain occasions, tuch as the coronation of a grand duke, and at the next event one of his presents will probably be the forgiv ing of this debt. This one hundred mil lion dollars was given almost outright by the Government, but in addiion to it numerous schemes have beeu favored and authorized by the Czar to get money for the sufferers, and the bulk of the gifts iave come from the people. Consul General Crawford estimates that tho gifts of private citizens in Russia to this famine have been not less than 350,000,001) roubles or the enormous sum of 1175,000,000. The gifts almost urpiss comprehension, and all told, not withstanding the vast population of Cussia, they amount, including those of riASAirr woman. the Government, to 13 for each man, woman and child in the whole Russian Umpire, or to 15 per family. When you r mat oi we iwanir oaa nuiuou families that make tip the Ituaatan people not many more than one million of them probably hat ever had $15 at one time in its possession you get some idea or trie mighty strain this bat been on tboae who could give and have given. The nobilitv have in all cases led the Hat, and hundreds of well-educated girls and women of the beat families of this and other Russian citfea are now In the famine districts fighting the demons of ttarva tlnn, typhus fever and the smallpox in behalf of tho peasants. A number of these ladies have caught the diseases of the peasant!, anil a Husalan countess who went from St. Petersburg was among those who took the smallpox. Almost all of thn great landed proprietors in the famine districts are doing what they can to help their people. I hear of men who havo been feeding and cariug for five, ten and in some cases even twenty and twenty-five thousand peasants, and Count ISobrinsky, who ia at the head of the transportation of fainlno relief here, Is, in connection with his family, support ing nearly thirty thousand people out of his own means, and at the same time aid In In the distribution of the foreign and Government relief fund amoug the people outside of his estntca. This relief work is not done spasmod ically nor without system. There ia a thorough organization, and as good brains as you will Mud anywhere in the woi Id aro managing It. Tho peasants themselves are like children, and they require tho advice and the care of chil dren. These people of Russia of the highest classes go and stay with them. They viait them in their huts, take care of the sick for there are but few doc torsand nurse them. With then, is the Kusslan Ited Orosa which has raised about t3.",0"U,0U0 for the sufferers, and FARMERS. which works, as do nil ontsido institu tions, directly under tho Government. The Government of Russia it planning great works to provent the recurrence of tuch a condition as now exists. A fund of $10,000,000 has been set asido to build elevators and places for the stor age of grain in all of the various districts, aud through our Consul General, Dr. John M. Crawford, tho Interior Depart ment has investigated our system of crop reports and has just now decided to adopt this system for Russia. Socretary Rusic forwardod full information and from now on the tame organized system that we have constructed will be in force here. Heretofore Russia bus had no agricultural statistics and the peas ant have lived frjna hand to mouth. They are not economical or thrifty nor accumulative in our sense of the word, and it requires a study of their character and their condition to understand the situation. No one who visits Russia can be un impressed with the strength of character seen in the facet of the people. X tirst stw these Russian peasants at Jerusalem about four years ago. It wot at Easter time, and they bad come by the thou sands on pilgrimage to the holy eput cher, and of the polyglot humanity which wot gathered there from the four quar ters of the world there were none to strong In feature and in frame at these Slavs. I see here every day walking the streets of St. Petersburg with bundles on their backs, driving cabs or droschkiet and working on the streets, men whose nobility and strength of features would create remark in the American crowd, and at every corner you meet men whose facet are tuch that you would be proud to acknowledge them if you found them amonar vour ancestral Dortraltl. Their forebeadt are high and broad, their eye ttralaht, honest and kindly. Their note A DltOSCBKY DRIVER. are targe and clean cut, and their cheek bones often rather prominent. Nearly all are bearded and many are long-haired and part their hair in the middle. Their frames are at strong as their faces. They are big-boned, well-joined race, and they look at though they were made to HOWIHrt TUB SEED. ttny. The women are of the tame char acter as tho men. They are not hand some nor pretty, but they look kind and motherly and what we would call fine looking. They lack taste in dress, have no ideas of the hnrmnnv of colora, and wear I mean the peasants handkerchiefs of all brightest colors of the rainbow upon their beads. Their .Irenes are of red, blue or other gav colors, anil they are gathered in at the neck and waist, ami fall to tho feet in ungraceful folds. They are sturdy of frame and rather dull and quiet in manner. Tney do as much work as the men, and the meu and women work in tho fields side by slilo. Tho mon nf tho lower classes, as I see them here, aro more picturesque in their dress than tho women. Russia is the land of the cap, the lung coat and the top boots', and the peasants wear couts of homespun, with locg trucks, and even such as dress in sheepskins, with the fur turned in, have their coats reaching to below tho knees. Hero in St. Peters burg I seo few without overcoats, but further aoutli the peasant man's dress is of red calico, shirt and pantaloons, the shirt coming outsido the pants an I belted at the waist, and his foet are cov ered with a aort of coarsely woven atraw ahocaud his ankles are swadllcd in rags. The better class of poor people or the ordinarily well-to-do men hero wear long coats, with top bo its, and tho Na tional cap is woin by nearly every one. This ia to a large extent the costume of the rich, though the wealthy all over tho civiliiod world dross much the same as we do. Tho diiljrcncu here is largely iu the quality of goods woru, and St. Petersburg may bo said to bu a city where the people wear ulsters, ci and high boots the year round, no mat ter whether it be as hot as Tnphet or as cold as Alaska. These Russian boots are worth looking at. They aro about the only cheap thing in Russia, and you can get a pair uiudo to order for llvu dollars. I he same leathor and the sa no work in the United States would cost you twenty-live dollars, and the finish of tho host leathor is as tine at that of a portfolio or pocket book. Thosu boots reach to the knees, and tho bast of them shine liko patent leather. The panta loons are always tucked inside of them nnd theie is a fancy section about tix inches wide above the anklo of every boot, in which the leather lios iu wrinkles with the regularity of a wash board. It takes at least twice as much leather to make a p tir of Russian boots as it does an American pair, aid the same may be said ol tho Rusiiau over coat. The uroschky drivers wear moro cloth than any other cabmen the world over. It takes more of good cloth for tho blue goods they wear seem to bo of ex cellent material to mako a droschky driver's coat ttaa to rua.ie a ladies' trained ball dress, and this coat has to be padded and quilted. This coat hui long skirts, and it is made very largo so that the cabby can stutl bit bodv ouc, and especially bis back, to give himself the appearance of prosperous fatness. Nine- teuths of tueso drivers aro pauueu in tuts way, and no well-to-do man would own leau coachman. Lieutenant Alloa, the military attache of our legation here, told me yesterday that his coachman ap peared to be of dime-museum fatness when be engaged him, and that ho tup posed bis great frame was that of nature, until one day he met him before he had put in his pads nnd he was as thin at a rail and looked so dillerent that it was some time before he knew him. Sptaking of Russian caps, the officers whom you see here by the thousand all wear them, and the most o: the soldiers have capt as a part of their uniform. Every servant or messenger wears a cap and the boys from tne age of four wear long visored caps aud little overcoats just like their fathers, Even the little girl wear caps, and the favorite head covering of the little maidens of from two to six or seven years, whom I see running about with their nurses in the parks, it a jockey cap of the brightest red, blue, yellow or greeu tilk. The color of the capt of the meu are usually dark, though they are trimmed with all shades of borders and bauds, and each color denotea tomethiug. The police men, as a rulo, have red bands about their caps. Some of the private soldiers wear caps of white. Other wear capt like Tain O Shaater, and ttio cavalry have as many dillerent kinds of headgear at the Infantry. Some officers have green bands about their capt and othort blue, and in thort there It every possible cap combination from the thaggy fur of the peasant from the wild 'Of north Russia to the brlmlei astrakhan, which, with it red silk crown, cover the head of the cartridge breasted Caucaasiau soldier. The overcoat of the people from the different parte of the country are also different, and the officers wear coat of different color and of different grade of length, ranging from the feet to the top of the boot in lize. All told the dress of the men it the most picturesque one of Europe, and the crowds which throng the ttreett of St. Petersburg are like those of no other capital of the world. The men are naturally large and line looking. These long Ulster make them look bigger, and the general effect produced is that of a Nation of giants. Milking by Machinery. Numerous arrangements have best: ui posted for lessoning the labor of milking, but the latest product of Inventive genius in this direction Is shown In the accom- panyinr illustration. The device was shown in operation at the recent Agri. cultural Show held in England, where it attracted considerable attention on ac count of ita novel features. In this machine all four of tho tests are milked simultaneously by two pairs of elastic ami feathering rollor segmeuts, having rocking, aniiroschln ami reced ing movements. The teats are squeezed from the upper ends down to the bot tom and while one pair of rollers ap proach each other, squeezing the teats on the right side, the pair on the left side rece le. Tho machine rests In a self-adjusting frame, suspendod on the cow, and is not affected by any movements that may be ma le by the animal during the milking. The operator turns a handle situated at arm's length from tho right side of tho cow, and connecto 1 with the main shaft by a flat link chain. The milk flows through a funnel into the millc-can, and the operator is thus able to seo wnon the cow is milked clean that is. wheu no more milk Mows. It is claim') 1 tuat t in machine willma'te milkin acletner nn I easier work, and, as it does not require any special training, any person will bi able, after a little practice, to milk a laruo number of cows quicker aid bettor tnan trained milker by hand. From practical experiment, covs appear u Ilka the process, and keep perfectly quiet during tho operation. St. Liuis il-'pu j. lie. A Jelly Palnco for tho World's Fair. The women of California are going to build a jolly palace at the fair not a shivering, unsteady structure li!;e a new custard pie, but a solid building, with sides of glasses full of jolly, says the Chicago Time!. Tlieso glasses will be of transparent and of rainbow hues.' The building will be thirty-ono feet high, surmounted by a glass bull, tw.t fees in diamo'.er, full of jelly. The four TUB JKM.T PAT.ACE. arched entrance will form u surine twelve foet square. The fra na oi the structuro will be the lightest possible steel. It will cirry pla'.o gWss shelves it entire height. Oa these shelves the bottles contains jelly of every olor will be arranged. So na of them will be sec upright and others horizontally, accord ing ta the ellects to be proliuol. in the decoration of this novel palace 2311 glasses, 2, iucUes iu diameter, will bo used; tfoo four inches in diauuter, and 1018 of assorted sizos, making a toul of 4U8S. The women estimate that this pntaco will cost $2100, of which $10JJ will be for the steel frame. Elizabeth Wore an Amulet. Queen Elizabeth, during her last Ill ness, wore around her neck a charm made of gold which had been bequeathed her by an old woman in Wales wno aeclarei that so long a the queen wore It the would never be ill. The amulet, as was generally the case, proved of no avail; and Elizabeth, notwithstanding her faith In the cburm, not ouly sickened, but died. During the plague in London, people wore amulets to keep oil the dread destroyer. Amulets of arsenio wc re worn near the heart. Quills of quick silver were hung around the neck, and alto the powder of toads. Detroit r ree Press. "A Swell Tura Out." Lift. ft U ITV r 7 IB t v r. 1M ill n rirrr- i i r i THE REALM OF FASHION WHAT TO Wit All AND HOW THET HAH IT. Fashion I About to Kebel Against tht Btrsst Sw spine Trail. OOI) taste It so strongly In revolt against the nasty style of wearing a train upon street dresses that although women are very tub missive to the orders of costume designers, it is quite likely that the decree will soon go fortli from noriul leaders that bell skirts must be the only wear and tliey must absolutely clear the ground. The season is now too far advanred for (he introduction of any novelties. The summer girl must be content with the plcturevuo effects which she can attain by the use of wide folded sashes, Swiss belts Slid deep corselets. It Is usual to have the Alt KXQt'lSITR I.1DOO TOII.KT. sash or corselet match the skirt. The wis maiden will be careful how she wears a blouse finished In sailor style with singlet. Only a very shapely and smooth white neck can stand such a garment. Hhe had better make choice of a style less trying, say cor selet, belt and co'lar to match, covered with lace. For instance, take the charming blouse pictured In my Initial, the material being a striped and dotted satin inerveilleux, trimmed with crocheted laco of an ecru tone. This blouse should be made up over a titled lining, the latter being cut away under the lace yoke. You can't net a prettier gown for this time of the year than a crepnn. For a young lady, a pink tone, if becoming, may b charmingly set off by the string-colored Irish lace now so much In vogue; the skirt being finished with a silk ruche. Tnit DANCING FAD. It is wonderful what a hold white has on popularity, so much so thut many women wfur it who should leave It severely alone, White is a most try in color, not only for the complexion, but for the figure; and yet when you do sea the best figure for a white gown, I'.umf : tall and slender, wearing t white foula ! trimmed with fichu and epaulets of Uce, you can't help being do lighted with it. It makes an ensembio ci' such charming purity and perfection. The exquisite indoor toilel shown in tht picture U in omp idour foulard, made princess. The bottom of the skirt has a flounce of the material box-pleated and covered, with lace headed by a narrow pleated silk band with bows set as indicated, they being triuur.ed with lace. The bodies is covered with luce which forms very small basques. There is a draped ell'ect in foulard on the corsage and riboon braces. Already plans ure maturing as to what w shall do this winter. What uovelties shall we have. Whut will be the latent fud, the newest sensatWu? As you have doubtless Xuird. we have taken to skirt dancing. I uun't lueun that sVirt dancing hat super Vied the waltz or even the luncers, but that certain fashionable ladies have discovered that they can do a skirt dance quite at wel' at the professionals, and they take the op pr ftimity offered by private theatricals and tnine entertainments to exhibit their grace- flues. 1 ha"'" ' ' wever, tlmou young married ladles or even our single ones will take up skirt-dancing seriously. They will most probably let the children have the monopoly. Anyway, it will be a pleasant diversion for little maids, and In some casrs quite worth seeing, for children take to dancing very naturally, their (lender, lithe figure tilting them particular ly well for it. In the illustration is present ed a spirited sketch of a skirt dancer. Of course much depends upon the costume nd upon tb colored light thrown upon the performer. Tb accordion skirt ha usually been mad u of for parlor nUr M 1P mm. V. . 4 . KliW4ffsAt,i. 12 2zr. m FOR A OAM1E PARTT. laininents, but whatever style of skirt I chosen the greatest care should be taken in the selections and make-up for the under skirts. They should be filmy and delicate and clinging, following the motion of the limbs like white crested wave. The illustration represents a very charm ing gown in gaufred crepe in a shade of heliotros, the stripes being velvety and reddish brown. The yoke is of gulpufo Of old luce color, embroidered with gold. TheT dress must be lined with changeable taffeta and there must be a balayeuae. The corsage hooks at the back. This is a very original and striking gown, but to bring out all ' It possibilities the draping must be artistically , done, making use of a dress form for that purpose. White Is everywhere and especially with variations in ecru and creamy tone. Af for the rage In scarlet and crimson which was predicted early in the season on ac count of their success In the old world, it has not come, the reason no donbt being that with our almost trnphicul sun, the glare would be too trying, both to the wearer and the looker-on. A very piquant toilet for a garden party i the one shown in the picture, the material being white foulard set off with a lac bertha. Above the latter there is a yoke of pleated lace. There is a garniture about the sleeves which would be very becoming A CALMNO COSTCM. to some young girls. The belt and the bot tom of the skirt are trimmed with whit velvet ribbon. This make-up could be ap plied to many other materials; for instance, to a stamped veiling, blue ground with white flowerets, and trimmed with white lace. The woman of fashion Is no doubt regret ting that she can't make her sleeves so wide that she would require a seat in the cars all a pKi.Trr aow!. to herself. There is no telling what width sleeves will attain by the end of the season. It is the only portion of her costume that admits of exai?gerat:-d size, and she is deter mined to make the most of it. Hats, too, will increase their proportions a summer draws to a close, and the dahlias, peonies, ho! v hocks and August flowers will come in for their brief day of favor, only to give ' pluce to fruit and grain during the supple mental season, which has now become the thing to puss in quiet mountain towns so that the devotee of fashion may recover from the strain and drag of the season be fore she goes back to town. The illustration shows a charming call ing costume in pink silk or crepon with a guipure plastron, having the form of a yoke fiont and back. The crossed ribbons meet at a point iu the buck. There is a ribbon braceK t at the elbow and deep lace cuffs. The plastron should be gathered oa itriipbt collar. Bstallatloa on Canada. In accordance with tho recent act of Con gress President Harrison on Saturday issued a proclamation imposing a tax of 20 cent a ton on all freight of whatever kind passisig through theSault 8te. Marie canal. Tbi tax will be continued until the Canadian government makes the tolls for the Wetland canal the same on American as upon Cana dian freight. The Canadian ' government had decided that the rebate of W cent a ton shad be repaid on Canadian freight un til the fad of the ceaaon.