Newspaper Page Text
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'A Fierco and Fatal Battle
Between Strikers and
T CARNEGlfsTEEL WORKS.
Bombardment of Two Unrgen
Containing GOO Private
' ' Detective?,
tONa LIST OF KILLED A? BOUNDED
Cannon, Musketry, Dynamite and Firs
TJed With Deadly Effect.
Fix strikers and fen rinkcrton detec
tives are ilrail, twenty striken are in
jured, some fatally, ' and forty other
men, distributed among the two sides
re badly hurt. This Is the list of fatalities
and casualties due to the great iron-worker'
strike that caused the battle between Pinker
tona and strikers at Homestead, 1'a.
mi i,i ii.
.Tons E. Monitis, !is years old, laborer:
Hrsnv Sthkhilk, 'JO years old. driver: I'Rrui
Frr.iUK, aged 'it yearn; Sii.as Wain, aged
Tears, an Fnglishmnn, laborer: Thomas
Wki.don. aged in, laborer; .1. V. Klein, of
Chicago, a I'inkerton niiin: Joskpii So.
Tak, of Austria, a striker; M. A, Con si to",
aged 40, a I'inkerton man, of New York.
Amonc twenty-five mill men nnd sympa
thiser who were wounded dtiriiiK the day
re: Richard Dcrhuni, Mart Murray.Joai'pli
rVhido, Miles l.aujjhlin, David I', Davis und
The others wounded are: Cnpt. Fred W.
Hlnde of the l'itikeiton detectives, ape 41
years, New York; David Lester, need 40
years, Chicago I'inkerton detective: l!ii""ll
Veils, aged) years. Chicago; J.fS. Hoff
man, aged M years, a Chicago I'inkerton de
tective; George W. Hotter, aired HI years,
Homestead, a mill worker;l'harlea Snothrun,
aged 1!8 years, Chicugo I'inkerton deterlive;
K. H. Speer, nged 40 years, ( hit-ago. lieut
enant ot I'inkerlon ileteetives: .lohn II.
Kisbnell, aped Xi years. New York Tinker
ton detective; 1'iilrick (Irow. aged 10 years,
Chlcngo I'inkerton detective; F.dward Mc
Govern, aged iil years. I'lillndelpliiu I'inker
ton detective; Miles Louuhran, aged 21. mill
worker. Homestead; Joseph Zsibo. aged '21,
millvforker. Homestead: John Curry, aged
04, Allegheny, was boatman on the stciincr
Little Hill. "Win. Kov. coal dipper; ( has.
Lamb, Philadelphia: l'atrick McGuire, Hub
tiinorc; Win. A. lieeur, l'liiliulelphia; John
fmitli, Chicago; H. W. McGrcgory, Phila
delphia; tieorge Hall, Chicago; l'rc'd Asoury,
Chicago; James Mtirpbv, llrooklyn; 1 J.
Ziegler, I'hiladclpliiii; James Maloy, Chien
go; Charles Northrop, Chicapo: K." A. Co
Vert, Hrooklyn; l'atrick McGnfl, Chicago;
Lewis Finger, Chicago; John I.utz, New
York; Anthony Callner, rhiladelphla;
George Wright, New York; William Me
Kinuon, New York: Fred Oerhurt, New
Yoik; James H. l'ugb. Hrooklyn; F.dward
Mi Mead, Chicago; J. F. Hcotield, Chicago;
William Johnson, Chicago: tiikcGougb,
Chicago; John Gridden, New Y'ork.
THE BIO BATTLE.
Bloodshed Follows ths Finkertons' At
tempt to Land.
At 2:4,1 o'clock Wednesday morning the
(lumbering workers in the I lirnegie mills at
Homestead, I'a., not on picket duly were
wakened to ihe consciousness of imminent
danger by a long continued blast from the
whistle of the electrio light plant. It wni
the signal for a general alarm. Word had
been received an hour earlier that two boat
loads of rinkertons were on the Wav to the
work. The barges carrying them had been
lighted fnr,up the river and u horseman rid
ing at full speed had brought the inlelli
cence to the headquarters of the workers.
The general alarm was sounded in cons
quence. ' It was responded to with such
readiness and alacrity at to show that it wul
The visit of the deputy sheriffs the day
before had prepared the men for liveliei
work later on, llefore the last discordant
notes of the whistle had died away hundred!
of the mill men and their svinpnthizert
were luirrrylng to the river front. Hy tiM
o'clock 1,000 men were posted at the various
approaches to the town from the stream.
ft was nearly 4:30 o'clock when the Little
Bill and her tows passed under the I'emickey
bridge. Three hundred l'inkertons wen
aid to be on board, It took half an
hour to maneuver the barges intc
position along the sloping shore. At (
o clock a gangplank was thrown out to tiled
On the banks above 800 mill-men anil
Others were silent spectators of the pn
feedings. They had cleared the decks for
action, as it were, by pulling down the
fence, and thev stood in a line several doen
waiting a challenge from the enemy. It
came in mis wise, as tne pianK was piaceu
in noslll.vn 1m.1i r.f ,ha 11 ln.rt.tn
Capt. Hinde, stepped on to it and addressed
xne crowu on tne uaiiic.
"Gentlemen," he said, "we have been sent
here to occupy and take charge of the works
no we propose to do so in just fifteen
Dinutce from now."
"Well, the works are here; come and take
Hhem," was the answer returned from one
of the men. There was a pause of few
minutes, the silence only broken by the low
muttering of the workers and the noise of
the steamer's crew as the barges were
moored. Some of the men bad crowded
Jown to the water's edge and but a few
yards separated several of them from the
axxupau's oi lum nances, une oi mem,
William Foy, a coal digger, stumbled and
jfell across the gangway. A big Hungarian
Humped forward to help him up to his feet.
(As he did so a I'inkerton. taking deliberate
aim at Koy's prostrate body tired, thu bulJut
.Judging in the man's tide.
This was the first shot In tha camnnten.
It was the signal for a general fusillade. The
crowd on the bank broke ranks and sought
cover behind piles of Iron, etc., the l'inker
tons sending a volley after (hem. The re
sponse from the men was Immediate, nnd a
rattling fire from both sides was kept up.
The mlllmen hail but few rifles, being arm
ed mostly with revolvers, and Ibev stood
but small chance apainst the deadly messen
gers from the Winchesters of the rinker
tons. The men fell back, taking Foy with
them. The wounded man was carried to
Dr. . I. Osborne's olllee on Dixon street, bad-
y Injured. Mart .Murray, n rougher on the
leant mill, was shot above the ear. hut not
seriously hurt. In this engagement there
were several casualties, but there is much
dilliculty in obtaining particulars.
vt nen t lie worker leu imcR tinner tun
heavy lire from (he barges the general ex-
icctatton wast lial (he I'liikerlon force would
e landed and the position carried hv as
sault, lint this seemed to be very far from
tile Intention of the Invaders, and thevevi-
lenllv i, referred toietiter their adversaries
from In hind the cast iron sides of the
barge, to taking chances in the open. After
the llrst general fusillade a desultory lire
from each side was maintained for two
hen the llrst shots were heard in the
town the trestle carrying the I'emiekev
tracks through Ihe mill' was thronged w ith
an excited crowd that ipiickly gathered.
Tin: si:oxn kxiiaokmcxt.
The t.lttle Hill had sheered off when the
flrlnp bepan. hut niter u time came alonp-
side Ihe barges again. Klin remained Ihere
until i o clock, when another sharp engnpe
incut look place. The captain of tlie invnd-
Tin: sri i:i. Mil l,
ing fore?, as the rinkertons may be st vied,
determined on carrying the position w ith n
rush. He succeeded in lauding half a hun
dred or so of his men, but the bullets of the
lefenders fell so last and thick In their
midst that a retreat was ordered, and the
P nkcrtons sought shelter in their barges.
Tills airair cost both sides losses, and a good
many of the I'iukertoiis were hit hard, and
nmoiig them Cnpt. llinde. The milluieu
suffered H'rious losses too.
At this time the Utile lllll lind evidently
bud enough of the warfare, hhc headed no
Jtrenin. taking with her four of the I'iuker
toiis who had been wounded. The steamer
ran up to 1'ort I'crry. where the wounded
were placisl on ho.ird a lliiltimorc it Ohio
train for l'ittsburg.
As the bright midsummer sun pursued Its
course to the zenith, shedding light and heat
on the battlefield, It became apparent to the
strikers that tho I'inkerton forces would not
make a sortie. This encouraged the men
and preparations were made to light the
kittle to n finish. A ten-pounder belonging
toaOraud Army of the Republic post was
mounted in position to comniauu toe mints,
while another was sent across Ihe river to n
point near the I'einlcky bridge. Hold pieces
wern nroiigtit to ocarupou the oarges. Mir
n lime little execution was done, tho scrap
iron, old nuts, and pltichitips with w hich
the pieces were charged fulling harmlessly
from the Iron sides of the barges. The mill
men had not thellght all theirown way. how
ever, ns the rilles of the l'inkertons continu
ed spitting forth bullets every time n mini
showed himself. Many of the workers ills
pluved the coolness of old soldiers.
'r,.l 1 ..I. t-. ..!..!. : 1 1.. .1...
i iironiiuiik inn, nhi(iuiniiiii)f mm lit ill
MUX HANI AT
subsequent closer encounters the mlllmen
fought with a determination and skill, con
sidering Ihe circmustunccs and their poor
equipments, that was remarkable.
About 10 o'clock the ten-pounder on the
opp 'sile bunk was hrotipht across to the
mill. It hud, unfortunately, caused the
death of one of the workers, one of the pel
letsstriking and killing Hi las Wain, an
F.iiglishmun who hud been hut twelve
monl lis in the country nnd employed ns a
laborer in the mill, lie was shot through
tho neck and Instantly killed. When this
piece had been mutinied in position addi
tional impulse was given to Ihe light, and us
last us the cannons wero loaded the barge
was bombarded with every variety of mis
sile that would enter the 'Ji-illrh muzzles.
As midday approached the firing on both
sides slackened. The l'inkertons wero evi
dently dcsiuiring of gaining a lauding. As
thu fusillade from thu barges grew less the
determination of the men to obtain a com
plete victory increased. Mince bullets would
not discomfit the enemy other means were
resorted to. A tank of oil was run down to
the water's edgu und sot lire to in the hope
it would burn the hnuls.This was unsui cess
iu'. b t the old pump-house was tired from
nd made, it hotter still for the
.. alter U o'clock the Little Hill
cuiiie down stream from Itraddock. As she
nulled the barges she slowed up with the in
tention of running in to them. A rapid dis
charge of musketry from the men, supple
mented by the practice of a dozen murkes
men from the opposite. bunk. mude the Hill's
skipier change lus mind, and he continued
down stream. As the steamer passed thecitv
farm man on the Baltimore & Ohio side of
the river took a pot-shot al the steersman
and be dropjied where he stood. It could not
be ascertained how much he wus injured.
The fusillade at the Hill continued until nho
bad passed Homestead.
- boon alter this incident a white flag was
run up at the peak of one of the barges. The
l'inkertons had evidently bud enough of it;
but the mlllmen had not. They wanted an
unconditional aurreuder and were hound to
The Finkertons were very much bore de
combat, and their warring bau become
tirely passive. Three times they ran tin
the while flag of truce, but were answered
with derisive cheers and more ofTenvencs.
The strikers had a cannon, which they tried
to train on the boats, but each shot flew
wide of the mark. Finally the cannon
bursted, ami then they resorted to dynamite.
Hreut chunks of It were thonn at the boat,
the most of which only splashed In the
water. Occasionally It struck the roof, lint
exploded upward and only left while
breath of smoke. Une lucky shot struck
the stem end of one the barges and made a
gaping opening, which served as an objec
tive point for future throws, but was always
missed. Other shots ripped up great sec
tions of the deck. Then they took a long
section of hose and tried to pipe tho Car
negie Company's gas to the bouts to blow
up tho companv s protectors. Time and
again they tried It, each proving a failure,
w hile the spectators and strikers awaited Ihn
result, with bated breath. All knew that it
meant death to the deputies. If not blown
up or burned to death they would bo shot
down like dogs. For behind Improvised
breastworks of abandoned machinery,
buildings, scrap Iron, etc., sharpshooters
were ready to mow them down, while men
with revolvers wero ready to take them If it
became a fight at short range. F.ven tho
sllpht hope of swimming to the oilier shore
ami escaping was lost, us pickets wero over
there ready to pick them off.
Meanwhile the l'inkertons wero huddled
uniler deck, dragging In their dead and car
ing for their wounded, waiting for what
seemed their certain doom, as nil overtures
of surrender had been refused. Thev dared
lint act on the defense, as it would have
brought that wild crowd of men down on
"They pave no quarter, we will glvn
none, 'was grimly passed trom up to up.
Meanwhile the body of an unknown striker
lay on the river hank, bis brethren being
nfrnid to venture near enough to even iden
tify It, let alone attempt n rescue.
Al this jiincturcthcgiiint form of William
Weihe. the President of the Amalgamated
association, loomed in view. lie was ai
coiupanie'l by I'residcnt-elei t llarlaud and
Vice President McKrcv. Mr. Weihe came
with a trin e proposition from Sheriff Mc
I'leiiry. He offered to send n boat nnd tow
the barges away if the men would stop Ihn
liring. For once he failed to inllileni e the
men and they angrily renewed hostilities,
finally they aircfd to accent the lirooosit on
if the I'iukertoiis would agree to givo up
their puns and ammunition. After n con
ference with the other Amalgamated leaders
President Weihe left lor Pittsburgh to again
collier with the slicnll.
At ,ri::io, after being penned up like sheep
and undergoing lire since morning, thu
l'inkertons iigniu for the fourth time run in
the whitn Hag. This time cooler counsel
prevailed. The I'iukertoiis wero marched
off the boat to the rink and locked up. 'I he
strikers then set lire to the barges nnd burn
ed them to the water's edge.
About ft o'clock In the afternoon a small
white Hag was hoisted through the window
of the b.irge, and this evident token of sur
render was received with veil after yell of
delight and howls of derision. The strikers
in turn hoisted a Hag of truce, and under
Its protection a messenger was ent to the
boat. Ho passed inside, whiic the great
army oi striKeis came Irom uelumi tne iron
bulwark and stow! waiting with almost
oreiiiuiess suspense. Alter a watt of five
minutes tne truce-hearer came from the
boat and ipiickly running up the bunk in
formed the commandant of the fort that
Ihe I'inkerton naval forces were willing In
surrender provided they would be guarded
to a place of safety.
Alter a short consultation this was agreed
to, nnd then shout after shout of "They
have surrendered" were heard on all sides
undpus-ed along the line und taken no
again and allain until they bail spread
lully two miles away. fly this
time a great crowd' of women,
young ami old, all shouting, laughing
and groaning by lurns, lined thu; Ivor bunk,
intermingled with the strikers, watching and
waiting for the hated "l'inkertons" to come
out of their nest. Many women carried
brooms, which they afterwards used with
good effect in belaboring the backs of the
uniorr uiiHte prisoners of w ar.
In the menu time excited men were run
ning to and fro in all parts of both bouts
dragging forth tho occupants and starting
tueui iiowu iiiu guug-piuiiK lor ine snore
where thev were compelled to run a vaunt.
let of kicks, curses and cuffs on their wuy
Into the mill yards. The strikers on board
the barges were also busy ut work throwing
overnoaru cooking utensils oi various kinds;
together with ull Ihe bed clothing, eatables.
furniture and (wrsonul baggage of the lata
occupants, which could bo found. The
wounded men found on either craft were
removed to the Homestead hospital on
stretchers. Winchester rifles, which were
found by dozens, were "appropriated" as
spoils of war, and an were a large number of
revolvers. The "I'lnka" were completely
disarmed before being permitted to land,
and the boats stripianl of everything port
able. From the large yawl being launched and
put in service came the words: "r.verynouy
got ashore: we are going to have little
light on the subject," in commanding
voios f rom amidships. All obeyed except
two or three men, who were seen to pass Ill
side the outer barge bearing a torch.
A few momenta later smoke and flames
were seen curling1 from the roof of both
barges. The fire spread rapidly and twi
light now being about ended, the entire
river front was lit up, while 2.000 throats
shouted: "Hurrah for Homestead."
While the boats were burning a small
army of women visited the shore and claim
ed as their share of the trophies of victory
all the bed clothing, cans, kettles and other
tinware in sight.
rho I'inkerton mfn were later escorted to
l'ittsburg, and then sent out of the city to
their respective homes.
At this writing nil is quiet at Homestead.
The saloons are closed, and tho striking
workmen arc guarding the company's prop
erty, and keeping the pence. The strikers,
however, refuse to allow any person to en
ler the company's proierty, and declare that
none but Homestead workers will be per
mitted to work In the mills. In what man
ner the plant will be turned over to the
companv is not yet determined, fending
such action both sides are awaiting devclop-
THE COMPANY S BIDE.
a. Statement From the Carnerle Com
pan? In Regard to the Trouble.
The Carnegie Ptrcl Compnny, limited,
issued the following statement:
"Our Homestead steel works were, on July
1, taken iosseslnn ol by a mob, which was
immediately thereafter orpanired by the
local representatives of the Amalgamated
Association of Iron and Ptcel Workers, and
all our mechanics, mill men, and even fore
men and superintendents of departments
were forcibly denied admission thereto. Wo
were also notified by self-styled advisory
committee that no fires would be permitted
at the works, lest the men become excited
to further unlawful acts. This continued
until yesterday, when we called upon the
sheriff of Allegheny eounly for protoctior,
and assistance in regaining possession of our
"The sheriff went to Homestead, and on
his return sent deputies to the works, and
posted a proclamation ordering the men to
tlispersn. His deputies were routed and his
proclamation torn down. Thesheriff then,
through his chief deputy, attempted to
take .'ion of our watchmen, who were sent Hi
I lie works by boat last night. These men
were met more than a mite below the works
by an armed mob' of Amalgamated men,
w ho followed along Ihe river bank and lirej
rilles and revolvers at the hoals. This (hoot
ing was continuous for tweiilv-live minutes
liefore oueshot was returned from the boats,
which was not until the bouts were tied up
at our landing.
"On the arrival of the hosts the mob tore
down n large portion of Ihe fence ahout the
works, ami tilled the bluff above the land
ing, keeping up a continuous fire, and
wounding threo of our watchmen. Then,
and not until then, whs the tire returned, re
sulting, we are advised, in some los of life.
The mob was so lurge us to prevent the
landing of the guards, who are nt this time
on the noats. awaiting orders from the au
thorities. We are not taking any active part
in the mutter at present, as we cannot Inter
fere with the sheriff in the discharge of his
duty, and arc now awaiting his further ar
NO MORE PINKERTOXS.
The Carnegie Co. By They Will Send
No Mote to Homestead. The Sheriff
Visits the 8eat of War and Falls to
Secure Deputies. The Plnk-rtons Were
Under Orders of the Sheriff. Another
Statemint by the Company.
I'lTTsiit'itnrt, I'a., July 11. During an in
terview vt iih set'ietury l.ovejoy of the Car
negie Co., he suid: "We do not expect to
bring liny more I'inke'tons lure. 1 will
lepeul the statement of the company, that
there wss nil iiudcr-tanding with the Sheriff
that those .'I'SI men on the barges were to
nave oeeu sworn in as deputies, when it ie
cauie necessary. The ;iou were under the
getutrul diwliou of Captain Hcin. The
Chieairo contingent whs comuiundeil by
Captain Kline. Had these two officers not
been shot down by the stiikers nt the first
lire, the day might have ended differently
"We acted entirely within the law and
propriety in Inking these watchmen to
Homestead. It was our desire to uvert
hloodshrd. For thu. leason we took the
men up quietly in the night. We expected
lo put tlie iiicu in l lie plant wiinoui any
disturbance. '1 hose murders of the watch
men were committed on our own ground.
The barges hud been tied up. When they
touched Ihe landing Captain Ib.dgers him
self Jumped on shore, with a rne, and moor
ed the craft. Within ten fm of htm stood
a striker emptying u revolver at the plucky
riveriiiun. Captain Hoilgers escaped un
hurt. None of Hie men who took part in
that shooting will ever work ill the Home
steud inilis seniu. We helive that about
about two-thirds of the men bad no bund in
the shooting and these will likely be given
their old positions, under the conditions
which the linn thinks irosr. At present
we want our w orks. unit is tne great con
Sheriff Mcl'leary was asked whnt truth
there win in the statement that the l'inker
tons had been sworn in us deputies nnd were
under charge of Deputy Sheriff (Iruv when
they left l'ittsburg for Homestead. He
answered emphatically that the story was
absolutely without foundation. "Of course,"
he said, "I knew that the I'inkerton men
wern coining, aisl I was notified of their ar
rival. Then Mr. (Iray was sent down to
join the purty and act "as a representative of
the Sheriff In maintaining the pence. He
wus not instructed to sweur ill tee i nmer
ton men or to leud them, and he did neither.
He was there simply to accompany the par
ty in tho interest of the county. We were
not usked to make the I'inkerlon men deputy
sheriffs, anil had not the slightest intention
On Friday. Sheriff McClenrr visited
Homestead to scan the situation of affairs
and if possil e appoint deputies (hare to
t protect tho company's interest. His visit
wuswiuidllt rcsilll, HUM fill inn return i'i
l'ittsburg he murio the f illowing stutement
"I went to Homestead lo swear ill some of
the citizens i f the town as deputies. Thev
were selected o:i account of their being well
known to the people of Homestead us re
sponsible ard respected citizens who could
have no desire except to keep the peace and
maintain the law. Of the 17 whom I sent
for 4 wero out of town. 3 could not he found.
4 refused to come to are me and 0 came and
absolutely refused to serve. '
CONFIDENCE IN HIS MANAGERS.
Mr. Gamngle Says Ttislr Aotlons Have
His Full Approval and Sanation.
Andrew Carnegie was interviewed his
hunting cottage in the Scottish Highlands.
The report oi the Interview follows:
When Mr. Curnegie entered the room,
your correspondent usked him if he cared to
mv anything in regard to the troubles at his
mill, und Mr. Carnegie in a content ptiious
manlier replied: "I have nothing whatovei
to sav. I have given up all active control ol
the business and I do not cure to interfero in
any way with Ihe present management
conduct of this affair.
"Hut do you still exercise a aupervislon ot
tne uffuirs of the compuuv." was usked.
"I have nothing whatever to say on thst
point. The business management is in the
hands of those who are fully competent
to deal with every question that may
Have you beard from Homestead since
the riot occurred?"
"I have received several cable", and
among them several asking my interference
with the parties in control."
"Hut you must have some opinion In the
matter that von are willing to express?"
"No, sir; I am not willing to exp ess any
opinion. The men have chosen their courso
and I am powerless lo change it. The hand
ling of the case on the part of the com puny
has my full approval and sanction. Further
than this I have no disposition to say any
thing." When Mr. Carnegie bad thus delivered
himself he turned abruptly and left the
THE FENNSYLVANW 'TROOPS
ORDERED TO HOMESTEAD TO
Preserve the Peace. The Whole Division
la Directed to Move. It la Com
pond of 8,600 Men.
llAnmsnt tin, Pa., July 11. Governor Pnt
tlson at 10 o'clock Saturday ordered the en
tire National Guard to move to the snpiort
of the Pherlff of Allegheny county In pre
serving peace at Homestead. The following
corronpondcncehns been made public :
. Ptrrsscnii, Pa , Julv I", lrj.
To ItoSRRT PATTISOS. 'Im r u.suft, II ARKIsst-11,1, Pa.
Trie situation st Hrminsioml tins nni Improrcl.
Wlille ail ts quirt there, th striker nre In control
snl ors-nlr rk,n-s t me anil thr public thstr nVt-r
iiitnbtl'm thai the n,rk shall bu l- qp-mtrl an
less ty IheniM-lvps. After making Mil efforts 111 my
swpr have fnllert to serum n wse respe'-lnblil
enough In DtimtH r to ntts.mtaish anrthtn. anil f
nin satlrflad that no n-w. ral.eil bv civil authorities
can do anything to chimp- tin? condition of affairs
ann flint any attempt by nn Innrtcntistc force lo re
Morn the rlcht of law will only result In further
ariusil refttsttinr, anil roii-o.rtent loss of llfn. only
a large military force w ill enable me to control mat
ters. believe if aura fore,, la aent Ihe disorderly
rliiment v, 111 b over nne,l ami ordrr "III ba reator.
cU. 1, therefore, all upon von for assistance.
v. ii mas II. inruini, Hlicrlff.
fiixmor. fl. Rsowdrs, Majou Or-sgnii. CoMMasnise
N .. p.
Put the division under sniis-snd move st once,
with ammunition, lo Ihe support of the eherlff of
Allegheny county at Homestead, Maintain Ihe
pears, protect all persons In their rights under tho
constitution ami laws or the atnle. L'omraunlcate
with me. HosrRT K. I'attisos, (lovcrnor.
IIaskisbi-ssi, July 10. IWi
wit ma If. McCi.runr, Sheriff.
Hove ordered Major (lenrrat Oeorgs B. ".nnwden,
w ith the division of the Nntlonul (fuard of Pennsyl
vania, to your support nt onee, put yourself In
eommiiiili-ntton wlih htm. ComtniinleAto vvltb me
HosrnT R Pattisos, Oovornor.
Adjutant Oeneral W. W. Greenland re
turned from l'ittsburg Saturday morning,
and shortly ufterwurrMaior (leneral Snnw
tlen came up from I'bilsdelphia. Tho two
were in coiiferenco with Governor l'utlison
nt fmpieiit intervals throughout the day
nnd evening. General Greenland gave the
Governor a very full report of the iiinulnea
ho had made ut Pittsburg, and expressed
the opinion that the proper course to pursue
was to order tint the troops. It was plum,
lift suid, that Sheriff Mef'lcary could not bono
toseciiri! order with deputy sheriffs, as the
situation had so changed at Homestead
since the introduction of the l'inkertons
that the usual course of procedure ill such
cases would not avail.
The parly went over Ihn history of thn
Pittsburg riots of l.i years ago nnd read over
carefully the Supreme Court reports cover
inglhesuils for damage which followed.
The opinion was that Ihe Governor's duty
was clear in the matter savo one point. l:p
to Saturday no formul demand had been
made by Sheriff MeClcury for troops. It
was held Ov tlie Governor' that it would not
be proMT for him to do anything until this
demand bad been made. This bad been in
timated to Ihe Sheriff before, and lie was
also advised of it by telegraph to-dav. The
result was that about 8 o clock Saturday
evening Sheriff Mi-Cleary sent the telegram
printed above. Kven then the Governor felt
reluctant to take thu step which to him ap
Messengers wero dispatched for the Ad
jutant General and the Major General and
another consultation was had. The first in
timation of the Governor's intention cunio
at lio'cbvk, when he sent word to the news
paper men that he wanted to see them at 10
o'clock. At that hour thu correspondents
repaired to tho F.xecntive mansion. The
Governor met them at the foot of the stairs.
He looked worried und nervous, but lost no
"Hoys." lie began, "we have ordered thedlvlslon
to move nt oie-,., the tel, -grains t,, orders muv bo
had Itt the Kxccullvi- ortlee. '1 but 1 all 1 cuu suy
lo night, "
f'llprns TO TIIK IlItlCAPFS,
Immediately after receiving thn general
order from tho Governor. Major General,
Snowden, accompanied by (Quartermaster
0. K. Meflcllan. repaired to the room of
Private Secretary 11. D. Tate and began is
suing orders to' brigade commanders. JV
General Hubert P. Dechert lie sent the fob
In compliance with orders from the fvinimnmlr-r-ln
chx-r, you M ill cotit-c titnee your tiri-.i'le In eaioi,
at Ml. Uri ttin by .MoihImv eftc riitsui, Ituuery hor-ed.
There await farther orders.
Take with you ihrs duv' ratlnn. nnd nil Pie am
munition In band, rlr-t troop, mounted, will move
t.u nrt train Hs liable ott I lie t'-liu-vl virus railroad,
liy euinliliilcl of lieorge H Niciwleii.
OC'ilt o: H. Noktii,
Asni-talit Adjutant lleneril,
To General J. P, .". Gnbin, of tho Third
Jlrlgade, General Snowden sent an order di
recting him to concentrate his command at
1. ewisiown. moving west.
General Snowden declined to give the en
tire order issued to tho Second llrigade, but
Genera: Wiley is instructed to arrange for
the safe and successful moving of ids com
mand. Where the brigade is to be concen
trated, the Major General refused to indi
cate. He said if, wus desirable to maintain
secrecy, especially with regurd to that bri
gude. A REPLY TO MR. FRICK.
The Workmen Issue Statement
Denying His Allegations.
, Last Saturday evening the locked-ont Iron
and steel workers of the Homestead (Pa.)
mill issued a statement in reply lo the one
inudc by If, ('. Frick concerning the points
iu dispute between the company and the
jnen. They say they do not waiit to dictate
what wages they shall receive, hut' they see
no reason whv they should not engage in a
'controversy with their employers over the
ijnesiion of wuges.
They nre prepared lo meet the represent
atives of the company and discuss tlie scale
with them. It is also held by them that the,
satisfaction pointed to by Mr. Frick as ex-'
isting in the non-union firuddock and Du
quesne mills is forced, and not voluntary.
While nil .the propositions in dispute do not
affect the men, they claim that few of the
workmen escue without being affected lo
Prs Representatives Bidvad-
The lncked-nut men at Homestead, Pa.,
decided to put an end lo vexatious mistakes,
and at the same time to protect themselves
against spies, under the guise of newspaier
reporters. There are about ho corresiiondentH
in Homestead, and several bnve been sub
jected to very severe examinations, under
the impression that I hey were agents of Ihe
Carnegie. -teul Company, Limited, in dis
guise. To avoid this badges were distributed lust
evening to all bona tide reporters, which ull
the locked-out men are ordered to respect.
These badges cn isist of white satin ribbons,
on which are written: "Official Press lladge.
Homestead," hen ihe number, and under
it the seal of the Amalgamated Association
of Iron und Steel Workers.
Action of ih- Trade Assembly.
The Trad'i Assembly of Western Penn
sylvania, at its meeting Saturday night, at
l'ittsburg. denounced in the strongest possi
ble lerms the importation of the I'inkerton
men who were sent, t i Homestead, in the
words of the preamble, "by the orders of the
Carnegie Hteel company through their heart
less agent, H. C. Frick." The resolutions
were quite lengthy, and expressed indigna
tion throughout atthe recent action of the
Carnegie company toward tlie iron-workers
THE EXPRESS THIEF DISGORGES.
Return of United States Company's
Money Deposited in Pittsburg-.
Edwin J. Ryan, the youth who robbed tha
tj. B. Express Co. of 115,000 at Washington,
D. C. two weeks ago, turned over $ I1,3H0,
which waa In a vault of the Safe Deposit
Company, of Pittsburg-, Pa., to Detectiva
John Byrne, of Buffalo. Ryan was return
ad to Washington tot trUl
WHAT CAVSKD TBS STRIKE.
Tha Workmen Wanted the Sliding Scales
Fixed Three Tsars Ago Renewed.
The trouble now existing at Homestead,
Pa., is not the first of the kind. There war
a strike at the Homestead works three years
ago which was also very exciting for several
days. At the time Carnegie attempted try
fnit 100 deputies in charge of thn mill to pro
ect non-union men. The deputies were met
nt the depot, hy men, women and children,,
whodrovcthctnoutof town. Similar meth
ods were used nt thn time, but there was no
lo-soflife. Alter several weeks a settle
ment was effected and a three-year sliding
scale arranged. This scale expired on last.
Thursday. June HO. It was tho pet scheme
of Andrew Carnegie to Introduce a sliding
senle. Tho scale agreed upon was readjust
ed at theexplrntion of every threo months..
'The scale was based on the price of steel bil
lets, which were taken as a fair indicator of
Ihe state of the msrkct, When steel billet
wore selling at a high price the company
was to share its increased profits with ii
workmen. When steel billets wero falling
In price, the workmen were to share the de
crcused prollts of the company. Hut while
there was no limit fixed as far as thn advance
of steel billets, and the consequent advance
of wages was concerned, a minimum basis
was agreed upon. The minimum basis wua
f)'i' per ton. That is to say, where steel
billets fell in price below t'A per ton, the?
workmen were still to be paid at the rate of
" n ton.
This scale was advantageous to the work
men. The past three years demonstnitert
this, as for a long period of the lut tor part,
of the three years sleel billets averaged
much less than i'i a ton. For the past lo
months the price of steel billets has beer
fluctuating netween ra.m ann f ij.oo. uiir
ing this time, however, the firm has paid
the Homestead workers at the rate of iJov
During the first part of the three years bil
lets were considerably above f and wnges
In the main, the workers demanded that
tho old scale be reaffirmed. They nlso asked
for some changes in the pay of tho orinor
platn workers, in this direction an Increase
was demanded. Some trouble ensued oyer
Ibis last January, and for somo timo t hero
was danger of ii strike. The trouble was
averted then, but not lost sight of. When the
firm presented itsscnle this year, a reduc
tion of the minimum basis from to f '
was demanded. The Carnegie steel compnny
also stated that they would hold conference'
until .lune 21, but not after that date. Prob
ably a dozen conferences were held with tho
Homestead men, who am organized a
eieht lodges of the Amalgamated a-Vociatioo
of iron 4.iid steel workers, llotb sides main
tuiued their respective positions without;
deviation. It was a (jiiestioti of 12 a ton,
nnd as the prospects, it was contended, are
for no betterment in tho steel market for
the next six months, it was a very practical
question for both sides.
The final rupture camo and the C'arnelo
steel company refused to confer any more-
This declaration was made publicly, and in
the same way the company, on lust Satur
day, declared that the Amalgamated associ
ation was not to be recognized hencefortis
nt Homestead by tno company. It was fur
ther declared that the mill would be an open
mill, where all men could work regardless)
of their ulliliation to or separation from any
labor organization. Kuch man who work
in tho mill hereafter, tho company says,
must sign nn individual contract. Tlie com
pany will deal with its employes ns indi
viduals only, they say. This is the substnnce
of tho information, given from day to day
according to the developments in the situa
tion. While only some hundred, of skilled
workmen would he directly nffected by the
cut demanded by the company, the men are
making common cause, believing that if a
hole is oneo made in their organization, tha
danger of its sinking will be greatly increas
ed. F.arlv last week it was given out that
about t'Ki millworkcrs mechanics and oth
ers had signed the company's scale, through)
foremen who acted as their representatives.
Thn Amalgamated leaders ut Homestead:
suid the signing was a farce. The company
still claims that these 7'MI men are under
contract to it. but have been forced to breatc
their contracts, having been intimidated by
threats of violence.
THE CITY DESTROYED.
A Fire at St. John's, New Foundland,.
Burns (25,000,000 Worth of Prop
erty and Causs the Loss of
St. Jon ns, X. F July 11. It is now es
timated that the great fire which has beem
raging here since Friday afternoon has
created a loss of property aggregating
i'i,0Ni,(.si, and has rendered 'lO.lssi person
homeless. The ruins are still burning and
the town is impassable. Tho Government
bos taken measures to house the destitute
in such few buildings us remain.
The forest tires still rage. Tho Catholic
Chapel ut Kilbride suburb was burnt yester
duv together with many farms. The men.
who have been fighting the fire since yester
day morning are cutting tire breaks through,
It is known that one man and six chil
dren have perished, but it is thought that
when the terrible excitement subsides it
will bo found that the loss of live is much,
The lire started Friday afternoon ora
Long's Hill where most of the houses were
old wooden ones, and Ibey caught tire audi
burned with great rapidity . Ijirgo burning
brands were caught up by the wind and cur
ried to the roots of other structures, which
were soon burning furiously. Buildings sit
uated some distance from the burning
structures caught fire from the burning em
bers and were dest royed without a bnnj
being raised to save t'nem. The firemen andi
the populace were completely parulyed.and
the lire did it work of destruction without,
stay. Men, women and children run about
in ierror, und thieves, Inking advantage of"
the contusion, entered houses that hud been,
deserted by their occupants und stole what
ever they could lay their hands on,
CONFIDENCE IN HIS MANAGERS- '
Mr. Carnegie Says Tnsir Actions Have
His Full Approval and Sanction,
Andrew Carnegie was interviewed his
limiting cottage in tlie Scottish Highlands.
The report oi the interview follows:
When Mr. Carnegie entered Ihe room,
your corresponnent asked him if he cared tot-ay
anything in regard to the troubles al his
mill, and Mr. Carnegie in a conlemptuoun
manner replied: "I have nothing whatovei
to sav. 1 have given up all active control of
the business ami I do not cure to interfero in
any way with the present management
conduct of this affair.'1
"Hut do you still exercise a siiorvision of
tne affairs of tho companv." was asked.
"I have nothing whatever to sny on thsfc
point. The business management is in the
hands of those who are fully competent
,to deal with every rjuestion that may
"Have you heard from Homestead since
the riot occurred?"
"I have received several cable, and'
among them several asking my interference
with tlie parlies in control."
"Hut you must have some opinion in tin
matter that vou are willing to express'.'"
"Xo, sir; I am not willing to express any
opinion. The men have chosen their course
and I am powerless to change it. The hand
ling of the case on the part of the company
has my full approval and sanction. FurtheK ,
than this 1 have no disposition to say any
thing." When Mr. Carnegie had time delivered;
himself he turned abruptly and left thr
A Mother and Three Children Perish.
At New York a lump exploded iu No, 07,
Euat 118th street and set tha house on Are.
The smoke Increased so fast that Mrs. Annas
Broderlck - and three children were suffo
cated before help could reach tbem. 11m
oldest of tha children was only S,