Newspaper Page Text
THE Di Bffl IBM!
Ex-President Qrover Cleveland Nominated For President
on the First Ballot-
GENERAL ADLAI STEVENSON CHOSEN FOR VICE-PRESIDENT
An Exciting Session of the National Democratic Convention in
the Wigwam at Chicago. The riatform in full.
Sketch of the Nominees.
TnB FlKT HAY'S PnOCSRDlKOI.
PotivimoH Hah. Chicago, June 21.
At lL.Wth grest wigwam was the coolest
filac In Chicago. The planks of the floor,
be prcat timber standards, the roof, in
fort, the entire structure, was yet moist
from it recent drenching by furioii rain
on Saturday night. The result wan rool,
damp atmosphere, like that of country
At 121fl o'elork H heavy thunder storm
broke over the building, rendering the in
terior ol the Wigwam very clink. The ran
nn w.s let down over the upper window,
Tbe darknrsa increased and the interior w
shrouded in gloom. The audience yelled
loudly for liitht.
When light and order had been restored
the convention at 12:45 o'clock wns called to
arder by Senntor Hricc, Chairman of the
National Committee. After a brief speech
Hon. W. C. Owens, of Kentucky, was intro
duced aa temporary chairman. ' There wns
I great outburst of applause, and after it
bad subsided Chairman Owens made his
Tbe Rev. John Rouse then opened the
proceedings with prayer.
At it conclusion,' Chairman Ttrire said:
"Gentlemen of the Conventien. by direction
of the National Committees, the Cbair pre
ents to this convention as ita temporary of
ficers tbe gentlemen named in the following
list, which the secretary will read:"
Tbe Secretary read 'the list, as follows:
Hon.W. C. Owens, of Kentucky. Temporary
luiinuin; cecrctary, e. r. Piieenn, Indiana:
Assistant Secretaries. V. H. Doyle. Pennsvl
fania; H. Shrpnrd, Virginia: C. Tillcv. M"is
souri: h. A, Rowley, Michigan; K. K. Wil-
rn. Mississippi; C. H. Defreest, New York;
0. Hwaync. Illinois; l'rincipal Heading
Clerk, Hon. Nicholas M. Hell; Sergeant-at-Arma,
Hon. K. J. Bright, Indiana.
The list was unanimously approved, and
Temporary Chairman Owens was escorted
to tbe chair. The speaker's voire penetrated
to tbe farthest recedes of the galleries, and
bia remarks were cheered to the echo.
Gen. Bragg, of Wisconsin, then offered a
resolution that the rules of the last Demo
cratic Convention govern this body until
Otherwise ordered. Adopted.
Seven members of the Executive Commit
tee of the New York State Labor League are
here to place before the Committee on
Resolution of the Democratic convention
tbe resolutions passed last Saturday night,
by the workingmen of New York City,
favoring the t.MKiO.OOO appropriation by
Congress for the World's Pair. The visiting
workmen hope that these or similar resolu
tions will be adopted by the convention.
The New York men who bring these resrv
lutlons here are: James W. Kreigh, J. 1).
Sarsfeld, Kvan tleorge, James Casey, Jnnics
Hallsger, Ueoriid 1 Stiiuon and T. X'. Mast
trson. TIIK TAMMANY CACTI'S.
The New York caucus held this morning
t the Auditorium developed little new save
that Cleveland did not stein to the renre
tentativea of New York to iiave the neces
lary two thirds of the convention which
would secure his nomination. It was pro-1
posed that Hill's name should not be pre
sented and that the whole strength of the
anti-Cleveland forces should be concentra
ted upon Hoiea. Mr. Crokeria understood I
to have opposed this resolution, and to have
antil Mr. Hill had been directly beard from,
aa he would be tome time to-day.
This was finally agreed upon and commit
tees were appointed to see the Iowa and
Muryland delegations, and to invite them to
JLl'f!rr conference at the Auditorium this
Mr. Cable of Illinois, offered the follow
ing: "That this convention tender ita pro
found sympathy to thut distinguished
American, Jame G. Rlaine, in the many
afflictions which have befullen him."
ISAAC P. GRAY, OF INDIANA.
After the resolution had been adopted
without uissent.tvdwaru u. Hwetl.oi Maine,
got the floor and briefly thanked tbe con'
vention. Said he:
"On behalf of the Maine delegation, and on
behalf of tberitiiens of Maine, irrespective
of political arliliations, I desire to acknowl
edge this graceful expression of sympathy
from thia National Democratic Convention
to our moat distinguished fellow-citizen in
this, hia hour of acre aflliction. The
Democracy of Maine, more than that of any
other State, haa experienced the political
and official ostracism which tbe Xtepublicun
party, in the daya of ita supremacy, tenders
to ita political opponents, but Uod forbid
that the Democracy of Muine, or any HlaU),
ahould heaitute to tender ita sympathy in
the presence of that grim tyrant who heeds
not paity lines,
"Levsls all rank.
And lays tfcs absiinerd's oraok barlde tbe soeptre.
(Tremendous and long continued ap
plause "Of of the many misfortune and be
reavement that have com upon the dis
tinguished gentleman within the past two
7re, it might truly be said:
M ua woe doth Iraaa bsob soother's heals,
last is follow.
"Only in the Democratic National Con
vention ran we extend to him the sympathy
which goes out from every section and from
every Hate." ITremendon cheeri.J
After the Ttlaine Incident, General Brapg,
of Wisronsin, moved that tho convention
adjourn to 11 o'elork tomorrow. Hefnre
the motion could be put the delepatea were
intheaislrs. The band at ruck up "When
Johnny Conies Mnrching Home ' and tbe
Second Day's Pnocr.F.rJiJiog.
Precisely at 11 30 o'clock the temporary
chairman rapped the convention to order
and called upon the Hev. Alfred Henry, of
the Methodist Kpiscopnl Church of Chlrnen,
to offer prayer, after w hich the Temporary
Chairman announced that the first business
W10WAM AT CIUCAOO.
of the convention would be the report of the
Committee on Credentials. Home delav oc
rnrred until the Committee was ready with
At exactly 1 o'clock the rommittee sub
mitteil its report and it hrrume manifest
that the work of the Convention rould now
he proceeded with. The rommittee report
ed in favor of seating John T. Caine and
Henry B. Henderson, as delegates from
Vtah. The report was adopted.
The report of the Committee on Perma
nent Organization was then presented and
adopted, and ofter a selection bv the hand
Hon. W. L. Wilson, of West Virginia, the
1'ermanent Chairman, was introO Jced, amid
FOR VICE-PRESIDENT GENERAL ADLAI STEVENSON, of Illinois).
Permanent Chairman Wilson concluded
hia speech at 12:45 p. m., amid much ap-
f louse. In fact great enthusiasm wus mani
ested while he waa adrcssii.g the conven
tion, and all his pointa drew plaudita from
the delegates and spectator.
Martin L. Clardy, of Missouri, was recog
nized to present a resolution thanking the
Temporary Chairman. It was adopted.
Mr. English, of Indiana, chairman of the
Committee on Rules and Order of Business,
then took the platform and read the com
mittee's report as follows: report of Com
mittee on Credential; report of the Com
mittee on Organization; report of the Com
mittee on Resolutions and Platform; report
of tbe Committee on Nomination of
Iresident of the , Vnited States, report
of Committee on Nomination of Vice
Jreaident of the Vnited States. T e com
mittee further recommends that the rules
of tbe last National Democratic Convention
be adopted Tor the government of the con
vention. The report was adopted.
Mr. Phelps, of Missouri, then presented
gavel of iron to Chairman Wilson aa a pro
test against excessive protection on that
which Missouri produces.
The crowd commenced calling for Car
lisle, who waa not present, and ex-Governor
uamoneu aciuresseo tne convention.
itiei iutiorm roniiniuee sun oring no
sent, the delegations, at (he request of tbe
Chairman, sent up the names of members of
the jvationul committee una committee on
Mr. Dickinson, of Michigan, moved that
the convention take a recess until 5 o'clock.
Tbe motion was put amid cries of assent and
dissent and the Chair declared tbe motion
-ins Kig-ni session.
The nicht aeaslon was opened with nrav-
er by Itev, Thomas Reed, of Cedar IUipius,
Delegate Dublcon. of Qeoruia. moved to
adjouru until 11 a. h. Veils of derision
met this motion, and tne motion wua
scarcely put before it was buried lu storm
At d:24 Delegate Charles H. Jones, of
Missouri, Chairman of tbs Resolutions
Committee, appeared on the platform. He
said: "X am instructed by tbs Committee
on Resolutions to present to you m a report
no move ttieir saoption."
Then e-8erretry Vila commenced to
read the resolutions at 6 28, but when he
reachet the phrase, "From Madison to
Cleveland," there waa a quick shout of one
yoice near the platform. It was lost, how
ever, in a flash, for it seemed aa with one
impulse the entire 20 oori people leaped upon
their chairs, and, with bata and handker
chiefs in the air, 20,000 throats let loose yells
and screams that shook the heavy air and
DAVID . nil.!., OF NEW YORK.
almost made the barracks quiver. In a flash a
white satin runner, heavy w ith gold fringe,
shot aloft and was moved to the center
aisle. It was carried by General Sickle, nf
Michigan, and one side was a picture of Mr,
Had the throne before shouted? Oh, no!
The first outbreak had been but a murmer
beside the outburst that rose then nnd swept
and rolled from side to side of the Wigwam
and around and around the amphitheater.
A man In the rear of the delegates hoisted
a picture of David H. Hill, tjuick as human
impulse moves, a hostile hand ripped it from
the standard and tore it up. while cheers for
nnd hisses aeninst the act swept in a wave
around the hall. Then came into view a
crimson banner. A sturdy lloits man bore
it aloft and waved it constantly while the
mass of sweltering people, if possible,
swelled the storm of sound. The tempest
flowed until (i 17 i. m., when Hon M.
Dickinson, of Michigan, earned the Michi
gan banner to be carried from view in order
that business might tie resumed.
There were his-es from the crowd that the
guidon ami baton of its applause should be
removed. Through all this Tammany's
men. in the centre aisle, sat grim and silent,
neither hissing Cleveland nor cheering Hill.
Its thnnderless disapproval, held perfectly
in leash, challenged admiration even from
thole who oposed them. Finally, at 0:4
Mr. Vilas ofam resumed the rcudiiiK of the
iilatform, and after he bad finished Col.
ones waived the adoption of the platform.
Before the motion wus put, Mr. Neul of Ohio
submitted the minority report, stating that
be gave notice to tbe committee that he
would move in open convention to strike
of the committal the following resolutions
THE DEMOCRATIC NOMINEES.
FOR PRESIDENT HON, OROVER CLEVELAND, of New Tore.
out of that section of the platform pertain
ing to the tariff all the words preceding the
denunciation of tbe McKinlcy set and sub
stitute there for the following.
"W denounce the Republican protection
policy a a fraud the labor of the irrest ma
jority ol tne American people lor me neneui
of tt few. We declare It to be a fundamen
tal principle of the Democratic party that the
r'eleral Oovemment has no constitutional
power to Impose aud collect tariff duties ex
cept for the purpose of revenue only ap
plause and cheers I. and we demand that the
collection of such taxes shall tie limited to the
necessities of the government when honestly
and economically anminiaterea.
After liMtjwl discussion the minority
report was adopted by a vote of 5t4 to Hi.
l ht rejected section reaas as ioiiows :
BORACV BOIES, OF IOWA.
action uwi rltrita tha oft-reneated
doctrine of tp Democratic party that the
BieveeMlJ VI turn uuisnmwia tm mi vw. juaM'
flcetten for taxation, and whenever a tax l(
snnecessary It Is unjustifiable; that when
Custom House taxation is levied nnon articles
of an; kind produced ID Ibis otunfry, the dif
ference between the cost of labor here and
labor abroad, when such difference exist,
tally measures any possible benefits to labor,
and tbe enormous additional Impositions of
tbe existing tarlfl lull with crushing force up
on our fanners and workingmen, and, for the
mere advantage of tbe few whom It enriches,
exact from labor a grossly unjust share ol the
expenses of the Government! and we demand
such a revision of the tarlfl laws aa will re
move their Iniquitous Inequalities, lix-hten
their oppressions, and put them In a consti
tutional and equitable basis. But In making
reductions In taxes, It Is not proposed to In
jure any domcsilo Industries, but rather to
promote their healthy growth, from the
foundntlon of this Government the taxes col
lected at the custom House have been the
chief source of Federal revenue Hucn they
must continue to be. Morever, many Indus
tries have come to rely upon legislation for
successful continuance, so that anr change
of law must tie at every step regardful of the
labor and capita) thus Involved. Tbe process
of reform mut be subject In the execution to
this plain dictate of Justice.
The platform was then adopted. The
full text of the platform will be found in
another column. Ko.
When Arkansas was called the delegation
f avt way for New Jersey, and Governor Ab
ictt. of that Stnte, nominated Orover Cleve
land in the following speech :
"In presenting the name to this conven
tion 1 seuk for the Vnited Democracy of the
Stnte ol New Jersey, w hose loyalty to Demo
cratic principles, 'faithful services to the
!nrty, and w hose contributions to Its success
entitle it to the respectful consideration of
the Democracy of the I' lilted Mates. Ita
electoral vote has always been cast In sup
port of Democratic principles and Democra
tic candidate. In voicing the unanimous
wish of the delegation from New Jersey, I
present as their candidate for the suffrage of
this convention the name of a distinguished
Democratic statesman, bom upon its soil,
for whom. In two itreat Presidential con
tests, the State of New Jersey has given its
"In presenting hi name to the conven
tion It is no reflection tion any of the
masterful leaders of the party. '1 lie candi
dacy of tirover Cleveland is "not a teflection
upon others; it I not antagonistic to any
great Democratic lender. He comes before
this convention not as the candidate of any
one State. He is the choice of the great ma
jority of Democratic voter. The Democracy
of New Jersey therefore presents to this con
vention in this, the teople's year, the nomi
nee of the people the plain,' blunt, i.unest
citizen, the idol of f lic Democratic uiuises
At the mention of the ex-!'reident s
name, the entire convent 'on and spectators
arose to their feet in a burst of unparalleled
applause. The sciacle of li'.ntsi persons
frantically cheering for Cleveland presented
scene suon as was never ueiure witnessed
in this countr
Newiork being reached, H. C. Pewltt
took the floor to nominate Senator David H
Hill. Colonel John It. Xellow. of New
York, seconded the nomination of Hill.
While the demonstration during the New
York Senator's speech was at It height one
of Chicago's thunder storm parsed over
the Wigwam. The delegate caught the
idea nnd out-thundered the thunder itself
with their how ls and yell. During the in
termission which was made necessary the
crowd amused Itself watching fhe glart of
lightning, and in listening to the swish nf
the ruin. Everybody bad yelled himself
hoarse and was content to wuit in compara
tive silence the passing of the storm.
The roll call continued till Illinois was
reached, when A. W. Oreen. of Chicaco.
seconded the nomination, of Cleveland. "Il
linois casts 41 vote for Orover Cleveland,"
were hie first words. This clear cut. terse
announcement brought forth loud cheers,
and then Oreen told why Illinois did so.
hen Indians wo culled. Hon. William
B. Knglish eloouently seconded the nomi
nal ion of Mr, t Icvclnnd in a few words, as a
substitute fur Hun. Daniel W.Yoorhees,who
had been taken ill. The clerk called the
State of Iowa, and Hon. John M.Duncorabe
took the platform amid applause, und ad
dressed the convention, nominating Horace
Henry Watterson seconded the nomina
tion of Horace Holes.
J. D. Smidlev. for Washington, seconded
Cleveland, as did U. K. Martin and John J.
Davis, of West Virginia, and Mr. Sum
merle, of Wisconsin. St. Clair, of West
Virginia, seconded Hill as a winner. This
closet! the roll call.
At 2:45 a motion to adjourn was voted
down, and the first ballot was then taken,
The result of the ballot was as follows:
Cleveland. UltU: Hill. 114: lioies. 104: Mor
rison, 3; t ampbell, 2: Gorman, SO; Steven
son, His; Carlisle, 14; I'attison, 1; Runnel!, 1;
Before the result waa announced many
delegates began changing their votes to
Cleveland. At a.vi a. in. tne convention
adjourned until 2 p. m., Friday.
Tbiiid Day's (and last) Proceedings.
At 2 55 p. m. Chairman Wilson called the
convention to order, and prayer waa offered
ty itev. i nomas ureene, oi lows.
The roll call for nominating speeches of
candidates for Vl- President began at A p.
m. Araansis yiemeu to Indians, and Hon.
John . I Jim b took tbs floor to place iu
nomination Isaac P. Gray, of Indiana.
When Colorado waa reached It yielded Its
place to Illinois and Mr. Nicholas K. Worth.
Ington, of Illinois put in nomination Adial
i'.. Stevenson, tbe candidate who won.
When riomiartiruL mmm Si.Mi-hiul 11?. VinM
tbt Chairman, seconded tbe nomination of
Gray. Idaho seconded the nomination of
When Iowa was called J. H. Shields an
nounced that Iowa had no candidate, he
said: "I wish to say that it i Governor
Hole' wish, united with the wish of the
delegation from Iowa, that be be not nomi
nated or named ass candidate for the Vice
Presidency of this convention." Hon. T.
Scott, of the same State, seconded the nomi
nation of ex-Governor Gray. John 8. Rhea
responding to the call of Kentucky seconded
Stevenson s nomination.
Hon. Kdwnrd K. I'hl presented a Michi
gan's candidate Hon. Allen XI. Morse, Its
present Chief Justice.
North Carolina, in the person of Ellas
Cope, seconded the nomination of General
Stevenson. Mr. Cunningham, of Tennessee,
the representative of the mnjority of the
delegation of thnt State, seconded the nomi
nation of Isaac l. Gray. Texns, also, sec
onded the nomination of Stevenson. Ver
mont seconded the nomination of Isaac I'.
Gray. Virginia seconded General Steven
son, and Washington thnt of Gray.
At this point the rain rnme down In tor
rents, the voice of the stieaker was entirely
drowned, nnd he waa obliged to await the
storm's subsidence. The band struck tip,
and the Pennsylvania delegation gathered
around Mr. llcnsel and sang the following
selection from a ha d bill which hud been
distributed through the hull:
Four ) rnrs mere of orover.
In lie s,
tut UVs o.
Then we'll u- lu clover.
The whole convention joined In the
unique refrain, and while the thunder roll
ed aud the rain smote the roof and dripped
through on the heads of the crowd, the vast
chorus rose and fell like waves of the sea in
a gale. When order wns restored Gen.
Kragg nominated John I.. Mitchell, of Mil
waukee. Oklahoma came tinder the Stevenson um
brella, and Alabama, which had been passed
at the end of the roll, came tip wiih a sec
ond for Morse, of Michigan. To the rail of
New Mexico J. H. Kiclder seconded the
nomination of Isaac P. Cray, of Indiana.
W. K. Vandivel, of Georgia, on behalf of
the soldiers of the South, seconded the nom
ination or Jtidgo Morse. Iteferritie to tbs
divisions of the late war, he said: "If these
issues ore left entirety to the old soldiers of
the South and the old soldiers of the North,
no dissatisfaction or disunion in sentiment
or principle can ever be recorded in this
ftrand union of our. Applause. As 1
ook through this Alabama delegation, I
see thote that wete niemheis of this grand
old Southern army, and I see the boy
now the men that were sons of noble
heroes in that rnuse."
The sprukcr here turned toGcncral Pettus
of Alabama, and then to George p. Harrison,
of the same State, and, placing a hand on
the head of each, proceeded:
"Mr. Chairman, I place my hand here on
one of the olilest generals in the Southern
army, and here I place my hand on the
youngest nnd declare that the vote of Ala
bama will becast forthe onc-nrmcd soldier
and jurist of the State cf Michigan. Great
J. H. King, of Alabama, also seconded the
nomination of the "one-armed hero" of
The Secretary of the Convention than
began to call the roll of States for the ballot,
and w hen It became apparent that Steven
son had the necessary majority, Delegate
Cole, of Ohio, moved that the rules be sus
iended and that General Adlai K. Ste en
son be nominated by acclamation. Mr.
Hensel, of Pennsylvania seconded the
motion, which was unanimously adopted.
The band then pluyed "Hail to the Chief,"
and there wns a universal howl from the
crowd, which, however, did not last lo g.
Everybody seemed to be satisfied with the
result of the ballot.
General Collins then offered the following:
resolved, Thnt the IiemocrBtlc Nstlnnnt Com-mltti-e
tic ttiatracleil to provide In tlie next National
t'onvriitlon the sceoniimHlntli'iis necessary for i lis
Uelei-iiti-s. the Bltt-mntcs, ttie prcNi, tne Nstlouul
Committee and boue others.
This resolution was met with a storm of
protest, but wns finally adopted. While this
resolution was under consideration, a fright
ful panic took p'lire.
Something had given way above, nnd It
appeared as If the numerous Interruptions
which had so ominously occurred at the
hands of nature were about to be supple
mented by one great catastrophe which
should wipe out the whole National Demo
cratic Convention of 1'2. The three light
immediately over the New York delegation
came crashing down upon the Hill men.
'f lie globes were broken and streams of
while electricity shot out from the curbon
In a twinkling everyone in the building
was on his feet und almost everyone wa
making for the exits. The delegates tum
bled wildly over one another, each striving
to get as la'r away from New York a jmssi
lile and In the shortest time. The cries and
veils and howl which had been sent up
from the various candidates during the cor
venlon vxere magnified tenfold, but now
wero turned into fruntic excluiiiutions if
I'nrtunatc'y, here nnd there a good head
remained on'i's shoulders, und witli braced
muscles a cordon of brave men surrounded
the panic-stricken crowd. The bandmaster
appeared to have his nerve and presence of
mind with him, for under his direction the
music immediately tturted in with a lively
The police and the sergeant at arm ral
lied at once in the cause of order. Men and
women were seized, ami with no gentle
bunds we re planted in their scats and held
there. A number of the delegates seined
other delegate and required them to take
their seat. A vild surge of humanity
which broke over the newspnr platform
wo promptly met by the warriors of tha
pencil, and was rolled buck aud held in
placs until ita comKnent part reguined
their semes. At length tbe panic was re
duced and the convention, after the usual
resolution of thanks were adopted, ad
journed sine die.
Mr. Cleveland Hears of Hia Nomination
and Isauea a Statement.
fll'MiAHP'S Bay, Mas., June 23. At 4:30
this morning Mr. Clevelund, through Gov
ernor Russell, sent from Gray Gables the
following statement to the press:
"I should. certainly be cbnrgeable with
dense insensibility if I -were not profoundly
touched by this new proof or confidence und
trust of the great party to which I belong,
and whose mandates claim my loyal obedi
ence. I am conlident that our fellow coun
try men are ready to receive with approval
the principles of true Iemocracy, and I can
not rid mvself of the belief that to win suc
cess it is only necessary to persistently and
honestly advocate these principles.
'Differences of opinion and judgment in
Democratic Conventions ure by no means
unwholesome indications, but it is hardly
coi Jeivable, ill view of the importance of
our success to the country and the party,
that there ahould ne anywnere among
Democrats any luck of hurmoniou aud ac
tive effort to win in the camiiuign which
opens before us. 1 have therefore no con
cern on that subject. It will certainly be
my constant endeavor to ueserve tue sup
port of every Xlemocrut."
Black U tbe almost universal
mourning color In Europe, but there
are a few exception. For Instance,
In Busaia black Is never used for cov
erlrj(i coffins, the cloth being of a pink
shade when the deceased It a child or
young person, a crimson color for wo
men, and brown for widows. Italians
do not use black cloth, white being
used In tbe case of a child and purple
velvet in tbe cose of adults.
Sketch et Orover Cleveland.
OsnvCt rvrt.wn wss horn M arch !. 137
In Caldwell, Kssex Connty. N. J. He was;
the son ol a l'resbyterian minister ana wa
christened Stephen Orover, hut always pre
ferred being called bv the second name. In
IM0 hi father moved to Kayettrville, N. Y.,
afterward to Clinton, then to a village
known a Holland Patent, a abort distance
above Ctlca. There hi futher died sudden
ly, and he, then a voung man with a good
education, went to New York City, anil fot
two years wa an nndertcacner in a nnnoj
asvlum. At the end of that time he con
cluded to quit teaching, and leaving New
iotk went to miiiaio, wnere ne scctin-u m
Cition a office hoy nnd a chance to study
' in the law olllce of Roge , Howen .t
Roger. He wa paid about H.M) n week for
lil services until ho was admitted to the
bar In 1H5H. After hi admission to the bar
he continued with hi preceptor for four
yeav, which, with the previous four year
served as a student, gave Mm eight rears of
the best kind of legal experience. Ho w
then apoiiited Assistant District Attorney
forthe county of Krie, which position he
filled with ability for a period of three
In November, 1W1, Mr. Cleveland was
nominated and elected Mayor of Hnffnloon
a reform platform nnd carried on hi ad
ministration on reform lines, obtaining
such prominence a to commend him to tho
notice of Daniel Manning and other party
lender who had come into power under
Tililen. In 1W2 be was nominated for
Governor and wns elected by a majority of
l'.fJ.KM over Charles J. Folger, the Republi
can nominee. During hi administration
be had frequent contest with Tammany
nnd vetoed a number of its measure. In
1M lie was presented by the party organisa
tion of In State as a candidate for Presi
dent. The delegation to Chicago was in
structed for him, although he had the opio
sition of Tammany Hall. The Tammany
delegatts made a vigorous contest against
unit rule, but nil amendment to the rules
providing that the vote of delegate in cais
of difference should he recorded in accor
dance with their individual preferences was
votsd don n, X3 to 4U2.
He was nominated on the second ballot,
his chief competitor being Hnynrd. The
Presidential election occurred on the 4th of
November, resulting in casting of 219 elec
toral votes for Cleveland and Ilcndrii ks and
IK! for Illuine nnd Logan majority for
Cleveland, 37. The popular vote w a 4,Mt,.
:f for Ulnine, 4.1)11,017 for Cleveland, 133,
Si'i for lien. II. V, Hutlerl "People Party"),
and l.M.wm for J. P.St. Jobnf 'Prohibition'')
a Democratic plurality of tfi.tlKt.
The leading event of hi term were the
death of Vice President Hendricks, the
President's serious vetoes. erinlly the
disapproval of the Dependent i ension bill,
his refusal to attend tne Grand Army en
rninpmeiit at St. Iiuis, the attitude of tho
Administration toward civil service reform,
anil the various imKirlant appointment
made by the executive to all brntiche of
the Government service. The Pan-Klectric
sunk transactions, in which some members
of his Cabinet were engaged, were the sub
ject of fongressionu! investigation and the
real estate speculations about Washington
in which Cabinet ofllcials took part were
also the subject of much iinitnadvi riion.
On June 2, 18U, he niurried Miss Frances
Hewn renominated for the Presidency
In IKSH. on a tariff reform platform, hut was
defeated by the Republican candidate, Gen.
Ilenjiimiii Harrison, who curried both New
York und Indiana against bim.aud won tbe
Mr. Stevenaon a Career.
A. K. Stfvfnson, of Hloomington, III.
the Democratirciindldotc for Vice President
of the I'nitud Stales, w as born in Christian
county, Ky., October 23, IWi, and educated
in the common school of Kentucky and at
t enter College, Danville, Ky. He removed)
with his parents to ltloominglon in 1 MM anil
began the study of law there in 157, being
admitted to the bar in 185N. He began the
practice of law in Chicago, remaining in
thut city for ten year.
He wiis unpointed to the olfiYe of Master
in Chancer v by the Circuit Judge, and after
holding that position for four years, waa
elected District Attorney, nn office which he
also held for four year. t the expiration
of his term lie returned to Illooinlngton.
General Stevenson was n delegate i.t large
from Illinois to tho convention which to
day nominated him to the Vice Presidency.
He was unanimously elected Chairman of
the Illinois delegation, and occupied his po
sition nt its head and made all announce
ments fur the delegation until his mime was
entered in the ice Presidential contest,
when he delicately retired to the gallery.
In 1HM Mr. Stevenson cativased Illinois
as a candidate for Presiilei;tiil elector on the
Democratic ticket. In 1H74 bo wus nominat
ed bv the Democratic; party for Cor grew in
the fllmimingtoii district. The district has
S.tKKi Republican mnjority, but alter a very
vxciting canvass Stevenson defeated his
tpponent, General John McNuItu, for re
jection bv over 1,2I majority. He served
In Congress during the Iloye anil Tildcn
!ectoriul contest, and was one ot the earnest
vtvocutes of a peaceful settlement i f tbe
difference in the Presidental controversy.
lie was defeated for re-election toCcingreas
In 1W70. the district at that time giving a
Republican majority of less than 2IKJ. He at
once resumed the practice of luw. hut was
once more renominated for Congress in 1H7K,
this lime defeating his optiorient, Congress
man Tipton, and being elected by over 2,B00
After the expiratinn of that term General
Stevenson resumed the practice of law, but
was a delegate to the Democratic National
Convention of ISM which nominated G rover
Cleveland for President. After the latter'
election, Stevenson was appointed First As
sistant Postmaster General, and held that
otlire during the entire Cleveland adminis
tration. His urbanity made him exceeding
ly popular with all classes of people, and
lie was probably the favorite of the Clew
land administration at Washing'on.
TO SAVE LIVES.
A Bill at Laat Agreed on for Safety
Couplers for Frsfarht Care.
Wasiiinotoo, D. C A bill to protect rail
road men in coupling freight cars has at last
been agreed upon by the house committee
on interstate and foreign commerce. Repre
sentative O' Neil of Missouri, was authorized
to make the report and will soon submit it
to the house. The essential requirement re
garding coupler for freight cars is tbut cars
sent to the shops for general repairs sball be
equipped with automatic couplers after July
1M5, and all curs must be so equipped after
July lrtiiH. The same dates are spplied to
providing continuous train brakes for
freight trains to be operated from the loco
motive. Other lection of the bill require
locomotives to be equipped with power
brake, new locomotives to be equipped
after July, lxf3, and all locomotives alter
Jul-, ieU5. The subject of the greatest dif
ference among the member of the commit
tee has been tbe manner of choosing tba
Standard automatic coupler for freight cam.
Some of tiie member wanted it left to a
commission appointed by the president
while other favored the selection of a model
bv the interstate commerce commission.
The scheme of a special commission was ob
jected to a opening too many opportunities
for jobbery, and the membera of the inter
state commerce commission were anxious to
escape the responsibility of making tiie se
lection themselves, aa it involved so many
practical questions on Which they did not
ireteud to be exsjrta. The method adopted
iy the committee in the bill agreed upon
this morning is to leave the decision to a
vote of the railroads. The votea are to be
based on the number of freight cars owned
or operated by the various roads, and 75 per
cent, of tbe votea cast will ba necessary to
aelect a standard automatic coupler, if no
sucb coupler receives a sufficient vote before
August, 1MU3. the inter-state commerce com-,
missiou shall, witbin six months, designate
coupler which shall be adopted as the
standard. It is probable that tbe master car
builder' type will be selected by tbe rail
roada, and if not selected by them will be
designated as the staucaid by tha interstate