Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1913.
The number of good customers who order
by Bell Telephone is growing daily. Keep
the channel open and the way clear by
Individual Line Service, so that YOUR
tide of telephone business may be at its
flood always; costs only a little more
a month than Party-line Service. Call
the Business Office.
"Practice the Telephone Smile."
The Bell Telephone Co. of Pa.
T. A. Garvey, Local Mgr.,
lS A GEN. CUSTER SCOUT
niiW. 11. 11 luiJitvm tt;io r
DEATH VALLEY BATTLE-FIELD.
Other AVnyne County Boys, Be
came ii Member of a Lot of Scouts
AVas With Wild Kill, Buffalo
Kill, Texns Jack, Dashing Charley
and Other Famous Scouts Says
tho Body of Cien. Custer Was Not
Scalped Tells a Citizen Man All
Ahout tho Massacre.
HE other day
ing a gray
m o u s tache,
no f inro nis inco wn c u was almost
' 1 - ' 1 t x on
iome of those years embrace scenes
Tin lnninRnrs lis SLranirii as vuu
C r LI1H1I LI1U I11U U II Lill 115.
West of a generation or two ago.
AVUliams Born in Old "Wayne.
Georgo Washington Williams was
,1.1 mUnn urn. 1(1 , 1. n 117(1
Ifims famllv. anil Iih is tho last fine
pft. His Inst, rplativfi. a sistor. was
iMr. Williams remembers much of
Cms, DICC1CU UlUll lUliO UUtYii IUU
.nntfdtifflvnn " ' 1 nlon lin.1 enmn nv
IIH I JK I ilWJLrH. IIIIII WIITKHII IIIILI1V IL
ijlv Willi ft I iRiti:iinHr. wnn nnn inn
scorer unu oroaa-ax man in an
- j - - - j
Makes Trips to tho West.
Much impressed with the stories
uujjk men in nit? wesieui diulcb.
A STITCH IN TIME
loncsualo l'eoplo bhouiu ot neg
lect Their Kidneys.
No kidney ailment is unimportant.
n I n..nnlnnlr ilin crllrvrt.aat lm lr
icho or urinary irregularity. Nature
lropsy, gravel or Brlght's disease.
Kidney disease is seldom fatal if
rnntflii in t mo. out nemecL mav
liLVtl Lilt, WilV. UUU L IIUKICLL .1. 1UU1D
?nlnriiil lirfnn hinrlnnhpfl. wpnrinftRS
)r depression. If you feel you need
UllH-iriHIl Ilfllll'llV. Illlllll K IV1I1I1HV
Pills. For 50 years. Doan's have
Peter Hall, 230 Terrace street,
Doan's Kidney Pills from A. M.
.pinA'R uriicr srnrn una ninv rpiinvnn
( was then able to attend to my
emne or mv oxnerience. anu 1 now
Doan's Kidney Pills. They were of
Timifir iirTifiir ifi him iiiiiii iiiiv iiiiihi
;Idnoy medicine I ever tried."
Prlco 50o at all dealers. Don't
44 If I .V UUlk A. W A u Ak m 44 VIUJ
fit rinnn'a iTIrlnov PHIr Hia RJimft
hat Mr, Hall had. Foster-MUburn
o Props.. Buffalo, N, Y,
Christinas Is Coming
Colorado. While there he worked at
tho carpenter's trade, helping to
build houses in Butte City. Ho did
not remain very long in the West on
those early trips, soon finding his
way back to the friendly faces and
familiar scenes of his native county.
Mr. Williams had ample opportun
ity in those days to observe and
study the characteristics of the In
dians. He tells of one Sam Case, of
New York city, a professional boxer,
whose delight was in "doing things"
to the noble red men when he could
get up a little boxing and wrestling
tournament with them. The chief
would order his braves to face him
in cambat; but they knew nothing of
the science of sparring and did not
stand any chance of defending them
selves at all. Case knocked them
down, and then as he was brutal in
his make-up, he would kick them
about, tho ring, while the old chief
would grunt, laugh, anu ueciare,
" Braves no good!"
When Williams would remon
strate with Case for his ill treat
ment of the Indians, the boxer from
New York would swear and declare
that he wished he could kill tho
whole lot of them.
Scouting "With Custer's Men.
Mr. Williams said ho went to Ne
braska in 187G along with Levi and
Everett Thayer, two young men of
Smith Hill. They went to Nebraska
to take up government land, and in
those days there was much choice
land open to actual settlers.
When the three Wayne Counteans
reached Nebraska they found condi
tions very much unsettled. Indians
were stealing and running off the
cattle, and life there was very excit
ing, to say tho least. In order to bo
protected from the depredations of
the Indians companies of scouts were
organized, and Williams was at
tached to one of these bands, doing
work in that capacity for several
The leaders of these companies
of scouts were such famous men as
Wild Bill, Buffalo Bill, Pawnee Bill,
Texas Jack and Dashing Charley.
When the massacre at Death's
Valley, on tho Little Big Horn oc
curred tho company to which Wil
liams belonged was about 10 miles
away from the scene. News reached
them soon, and In about 3 hours af
ter the 'battle, or massacre, ended
they were on tho scene. Tho Indians
had all disappeared. Tho ground
was strewn with evidences of the
terrible conflict. Dead men were
lying all about, the majority of them
having been scalped. Strange as It
may seem, tho body of Custer Had
not been mutilated or his scalp re
Mr. Williams only lived in the
west about two years. In conjunc
tion with two others they took up
4 sections, or a solid mllo of land.
Williams took one section and was
given another for setting it out to
umber. During his two years rest
dence ho novor gathered a crop from
his land. It was during this time
that the grasshoppers were such a
plague. They destroyed three grow
ing crops for Mr. Williams. The
vegetation grew rank and flne, but
the hoppers got It all. Thoy were
so thick that when they How they
were like a cloud and the sun was
darkened. They ate down trees, and
oven board fences were eaten by
Finally he sold his team to the
Thayer boys and came East; but his
wife would not go West with him,
and he remained hero in the East.
At present ho resides in Luzerne
county, near Harvey s Lake.
Progress cannot halt for a single
instant. He who is silent is forgot
ten. He who does not advance
falls. He who stops is over
whelmed, distanced, crushed. He
who ceases to grow greater be
comes smaller. He who leaves off
gives up. Henri Frederic Amiel.
Nettly affectionate barber
Who massacres dally my mug,
Can the preholkfay manner
I am a Spugt
Janitor dusky that maketh
Steam pIpeB to gurgle and glug,
Tour change to respect Is too recent--I
am a Spugl
Walter, last summer you served me
A fly with the cream In the jug.
So spare mo pre-Chrlstmasy antics
I am a Spugl
I formerly fell for your blackmail;
Into my pockets I dug.
Thlsyeniyou will waste your devotion-
I am avSpugl
New York Sun.
TWELVE PUPILS IN EVERY
100 "MENTALLY UNUSUAL."
Need Special Treatment, Says Dr. Ge
sell Advocates Child Classification.
That twelve out or every hundred
pupils at tho threshold of the public
schools are "mentally unusual" and
need special treatment, If possible
apart from other children, is the con
clusion reached by Dr. Arnold Gesoll'
of Yale university In a publication just
issued by tho United Rfates bureau of
"Take an ordinary kindergarten and
first grade with a combined enrollment
of n hundred pupils," says Dr. Gesoll.
"Atnomr this number we may expect to
find at least one child feeble minded,
one child who stutters, two or three
who seriously lisp, another extremely
anneinlc, a bndly spoiled child, another
babyish (a year or two retarded in
mental or moral growth) and still an
other morally weak. There will be one
'negative' child passive, colorless; one
oversensitive, nervous child; ouo su
perficially precocious child, another
distinctly superior eager, ardent, Im
"For some of these children there is
no better disposition than prompt as
signment to a special class, the special
class method having been put into suc
cessful operation for thirteen different
types of children. But even tho spe
cial classes, particularly tho so called
ungraded classes for backward chil
dren that have been established in our
large cities, are greatly in need of in
ventory. "Tiie diversity of the ungraded class
membership Is often pathetically pic
turescpie. Here is tho roll call for ouo
such class In a large eastern city:
Twenty-four boys, sixteen girls; na
tionalitiesNorwegian, French, Irish.
Armenian, Italian, Austrian, American,
Chinese; names range from James Mo
larity and Ong Yung to Arcangelo
Chrlstinno and NIshnn ICalohadoarian;
ages range from six to eighteen; men
tality, from giggling imbecility to ambi
tious intelligence; morality, from tru
ancy, cigarette smoking and thieving
to good behavior; parentage, noted in
special cases, includes a drunken
mother, an insane father and in three
instances gypsies; physical condition,
from partial blindness and deafness
and spinal trouble and anaemia to vig
orous physical health. Think of the
problem before this teacher, who may
not even have a working definition of
feeble mlndedness In her consciousness
to nld her."
In tho opinion of Dr. Gesoll, the time
is coming when all our largo municipal
school systems and perhaps county ed
ucational systems as well will have the
equivalent of a department of child
classification and special classes.
ZIGZAG ROADS ARE BEST.
Federal Bureau Counsels Avoidanco of
Good roads In the future should be
built on the zigzag plan for the avoid
ance of hills and steep grades, says
tho federal office of good roads at
Washington. It is asserted that the
lives of horses and automobiles can be
lengthened thereby and tho cost of
hauling reduced materially. The ex
perts contend that "tho longest way
around often may bo the shortest and
most economical way home" and decry
tho natural tendency to build straight
roads whenever they must breast heavy
"According to the testimony of farm
ers consulted," tho bureau says, "where
a horso might be able to pull 4,000
pounds on a level road it would have
difficulty in pulling 3,000 pounds up u
steep hill. Tho size of the loads, there
fore, tends to be measured by the
grade of the largest hill on the road to
market. In a number of cases actual
experiment shows that tho relocating
of .roads around hills hfis been accom
plished with no addition in road length
in some Instances and with the addi
tion of only a few feet to the highway
Disinclination of communities and in
dlviduals to sacriflco rich and fertile
land to road purposes, the government
experts acknowledge, stands in the way
of carrying out thoi proposed reform
Thoy are seeking to 'impress on tho ru
ral communities, howqver, tho econom
ic advantages to bo gained by tho e'lm
Ination of steep grades from tho seats
of supply to tho markets.
Tree Sont by Parcel Post.
A tree recently was shipped from
Franklin, Pa., by parcel post. It was
collected by Albert Bunnell, a rural
carrier, from a farmer who desired to
send It to Ohio. The branches liad been
bound closely to the trunk with twine,
and the girth was only four Inches.
The tree was eight feet long, and Bun
nell, sawed it off to keep the parcel
(vlthln tho limitation.
An Aid in Increasing Xct Returns
From tho Farm.
Farmers' Week at the Pennsylva
nia State College will be held this
year December 29 to January 3.
Over 100 lectures and demonstra
tions of Interest and practical valuo
to farmers will bo given. Tho courses
aro open to women as well as men.
The department of Homo Economics
will conduct a section throughout tho
week which should be of special In
terest to women. Tho program is so
arranged that tho specialist as well
as tho general farmer can attend ex
ercises of interest to him through
out every period of the week.
Agronomy The soil is our great
est natural resource. Our prosper
ity as a nation depends upon main
taining the crop-producing power of
tho soil at a high point. It has been
demonstrated that soils can bo
profitably maintained if the proper
methods of tilling and fertilizing aro
followed. Knowledge of the charac
ter and needs of particular soils is
needed In order to know the best
methods of handling them. A chem
ical analysis of a soil does not dis
close the fertilizer needs of that
soil. Soil types are based on physi
cal rather than on chemical proper
ties. Tho soils of the state havo
been pretty well surveyed and . tho
types determined. Soils of similar
type have tho same needs and crop
adaptations. These types with their
adaptations and needs will bo dis
cussed. Improving soil fertility the
economic use of manure, buying
plant-food moro intelligently, the use
of lime and the growing of clover,
better seed, tho improvement of
rami crops, alfalfa, are other sub
jects which will receive consideration
during the week. Practical exer
cises in judging corn and figuring
iertuizer formulas will bo conuueted.
Director Charles E. Thorno of Ohio
Experiment Station, and Professor
Andrew Boss of the University of
Minnesota, will be present to take up
subjects upon which they are recog
nized authorities in this country.
Director Thome is a nloneer in acri-
cultural research and no one has'
done more than he for permanent
improvement in agriculture. Farm
Management is recognized to-dav as
an important factor in increasing net
returns irom the farm. Professor
Boss has given this question a great
ueai or attention and during the
week will outline the results of somo
of his Investigations.
Animal Husbandry The animal
husbandry program for Farmers'
Week includes in addition to lectures
on livestock subjects, practical dem
onstrations in judging livestock and
in meat cutting. Each lecture and
demonstration will be followed by a
general discussion upon the subject
under consideration. Beef cattle,
horses, sheep and swine will receive
consideration. The selection of an
imals of proper type for the produc
tion of beef Is one of the fine arts
which the farmer practices. Breed
ing of tho Aberdeen Angus and Short
Horn cattle as well as representa
tive types of Hereford and Galloway
aro kept by tho college.
The Most Expensive Item of Diet
To-day ,is Meat Since tho meat of
tho finished product depends upon
the cost of the raw material used in
producing that product, it is inter
esting and profitable for the feeder
to know what It costs to produce
beef. This subject is of special in
terest at this time and Pennsylvania
now offers apportunitles for tho pro
duction of beef cattle. The results
of experiments in fattening cattle
which have been conducted for a
number of years, will bo outlined.
Dairy Husbandry The production
of milk is an intricate business prop
osition. The demand for it Is gener
al. The cost of production, tho vol
ume of business, the weeding out of
unprofitable animals and the selec
tion of sires, are all factors which
will be given prominence in the dairy
program for Farmers' Week. The
work which has 'been dono by Doctor
Armsby with the respiration calori
meter is revolutionizing the business
of feeding. With the price that it is
necessary for the dairymen to pay
for those feeds the question of se
lecting those which will give the
most economic results is one of vital
importance. Practical exercises in
figuring dairy rations will be con
ducted. As an illustration of what
may be accomplished by the moro
careful selection of feeds, based up
on their energy values, one man who
attended Farmers' Week a year ago
states that as a result of his visit
ho was able to save his expenses in
his feed bill alone inside of two
months after his return home, These
things mean greater than net return.
Tho manufacturing side of the
dairy business will also recelvo con
sideration. The creamoryman as
well as tho patron of the creamery
has problems to solve. Some of the
more Important of these problems
will be discussed.
Horticulture The horticultural
part of the program will consist of
three sections: Ono on fruit, ono on
market gardening and one on flori
culture. Proper spraying, pruning
and fertilization are imperative if
satisfactory results are to be obtain
ed. Investigations conducted by the
Experiment Station havo shown that
the yield of fruit may be greatly In
creased by proper fertilization. In
somo instances such "increases havo
amounted to over 200 per cent.
These results will bo outlined. Cul
tural systems and diseases will be In
cluded In the program.
Realizing that the method of pack
ing fruit has an important 'bearing
upon its marketing, an apple packing
school will be conducted throughout
tho week. All who care to do so can
go into the, class and get practical ex
perience in packing apples.
Small fruits will also recelvo con
sideration, Market Gardening A section de
voted to the growing of vegetables,
Including such subjects as Insects
and Diseases Attacking Vegetables;
Tho Growing of Special Crops like
Tomatoes, Cabbage, Asparagus, Let
tuce, etc., Is planned. Co-operation
among vegetable growers will bo
Floriculture For those interested
In floriculture tad landscape garden
ing, a program of interest has been
arranged. The Care of Shado Trees,
Plants for Home and the Conserva
tory, are topics which will help In
making tho farm homo more attrac
tive. Home Economics Tho Depart
ment of Home Economics at Tho
Pennsylvania State College Is offer
ing this year special Inducements to
the women of the state during the
annual Farmers' Week. Lectures
and demonstrations will be given on
Food for the Farmer's Family, In
cluding a study of tho food require
ments of tho body, the selection and
combination of foods to meet these
requirements, and the preparation
of typical well-balanced meals. In
addition to these there will be spec
ial demonstrations on meat sub
stitutes, breads and other food pro
ducts, lectures on modern methods
of simplifying house work on tho
welfare of the child, house furnishing
and decoration, and extension work
in domestic 'science. An exhibition
of modern housekeeping appliances
and of house furnishings will be open
and an opportunity offered to inspect
the work of the Home Economics De
partment. A question 'box will bo provided
at each Woman's Session and dis
cussions conducted in housekeeping
problems. In this connection it is
hoped to have a loan exhibit of homo
products: sowing, hand work, canned
goods, bread and other foods. It Is
expected there will be a larger at
tendance than in any previous year.
General Special crops such as to
bacco will bo included in tho discus
sion. The rural school, tho princi
ples of co-operation, the principles
underlying plant breeding are of
fundamental importance and will bo
given a prominent place on tho pro
gram. Anyone Interested in any branch of
farming or farm life should plan to
spend this week at the coilege. For
Information or program address M.
S. McDowell, Department of Agricul
tural Extension, State College, Pennsylvania.
STOP CATARRH !
Unless Properly Treated With Hy
omoi Tills Disease May Become
If you havo catarrh, indicated by
sniffling, stopped up head, droppings
in tho throat and morning choking,
there is an irritated state of tho
mucous membrane which affords an
Ideal condition for the grpwth of dis
Do not allow these dangerous
germs to begin the destruction of
Tho easiest, simplest, quickest,
surest and cheapest way to check
catarrh Is by breathing Hyomei.
This wonderful medicated air treat
ment does not upset tho stomach,
but is breathed in through tho Hy
omei Inhaler, directly following and
surely destroying all disease germs
that may have been Inhaled the
tissues of tho throat, nose and lungs
are quickly healed and vitalized.
Money refunded by Pell, tho drug
gist, to anyone whom Hyomei falls
to benefit. A complete outfit costs
but ?1.00. Dec. 2&9
"Gentlemen of the jury," announced
tho nttorney for the defense, "my cli
ent Is accused of operating a speak
easy. I will have the defendant take
"Mr. Whistler, are you tho defendant
In this case?"
"Will you pronounce your namu for
And without leaving the box the jury
returned a verdict of not guilty. Cin
The Citizen for 1914 will bo
better than ever.
Forest City Dec. C. At a regu
lar meeting of tho L. C. B. A., held
on Tuesday evening, election of of
ficers for the ensuing year took
place, as follows: President, Miss
Evangeline McCloskey; first vlce-i
president, Mrs. llosa Fallon; second
vVe-president, Mrs. Mary Bell; re
cording secretary, Xlrs. Catherine
Fallon; assistant recording secre
tary, Mrs. Teresa O'Neill; treasurer,
Mrs. Catherine Hood; marshal, Mrs.
Mary Regan; guard, Mrs. Catherine
Haggerty; trustees, Mrs. Delia Jen
nings and Miss Mary Malia.
M. J. McGrath, M. J. Gorman, J.
M. McCormlck, Thomas Jennings, M.
Kano and S. Kane were Scranton
visitors on Wednesday evening.
Misses Jennie and Sarah Freedman
attended tho Burkett pianoforte re
cital at Carbondale on Tuesday eve
ning. Mrs. Julia Coleman and daughter,
Mrs. John Bevels of Archbald, are
visitors at the horiie of Mrs. Bernard
Miss P. Roonoy and Mrs. Joseph
Mannlon, of Carbondale, spent Wed
nesday at the home of M. J. Mc
Grath. Mrs. George Watklns of South.
Main street, Is ill at her home.
Mrs. John Murray, Miss Anna Pell,
Mrs. Alfred Bailey and Miss Kathryn
Melvln wero Carbondale visitors on
Mrs. F. M. Taylor, wife of Prof.
Taylor, who has been 111 at her homo
for the past three weeks, Is improving.
REPORT OF TnE CONDITION
AT THE CLOSE OF BUSINESS NOV. 1, 1913.
Stocks, Bonds and Mort
gages 108,0 19.40
Cash and Reserve .... 55,887.28
Real Estate 20,800.00
Surplus and Profits
COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF DEPOSITS.
Juno 1st, 1907 - - $ 24,308.54
May 1st. 1908, - - $100,800.20
May 1st, 1909, - - $101,077.58
May 2nd, 1910, - - $241,813.07
May 1, 1911 - - $272,500.08
May 3, 1912 - - $304,015.07
May 1, 1913 - - - - $340,038.40
Nov. 1, 1913 - - - - $382,001.37
"New Way" Air-Cooled Gasoline
No Water to freeze.
No weather too cold.
No weather too hot.
No pipes to burst.
Less Gasoline. More Power.
Have you seen our Reo delivery truck?
It's a dandy. Better look it over.
REO OVERLAND and FORD AUTOMOBILES.
No better cars made for nnywhero near the price. Place your
order right now.
Better times coining; help It nlong.
For sale at bargain prices: Auto Car Runabout, Liberty Brush
Runabout and Maxwell Runabout.
Get in the swim and own n car.
E. W. Gammell