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THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 2, 19 13.
WAITS Ml SHIPS
Secretary of Navy Daniels
fssues First Report.
fAVOKSBiG BUILDING PROGRAM
Recommends Construction of Ten
Dreadnoughts, Eight Destroyers and
Threo Submarines Comments
on the Reduction of Arma
ment For Army and Navy.
Washington, Dec. 1. Josephus Dan
lels, secretary of the navy, haB made
public bis first annual report, one of
the chief features' of which 1b the an
nouncement df his '''building program"
for the navy and. his recommendation
of the authorization by the present
congress of the construction, .of two
Dreadnoughts, eight destroyers nnd
three submarines. He admits that it
will be observed that thiB is not o
large program, but says that 'It 1b n
progressive one" and meets the de
mands to go forward in tho continua
tion of "an adequate and well propor
Mr. Daniels says that wo now have
under construction six battleships of
the largest and most approved type
"With the authorization of two of
the largest battleships ever construct
ed before tho closo of the present ad
ministration, the United States will
have enough ships to have always a
creditable and capable floet In both the
Pacific and tho Atlantic oceans. These,
together with the smaller ships under
construction, will make the American
navy one of strength and power, ready
for the protection of American shores
and American interests.
"A steady building program of ad
vancement from year to year will be
necessary to glvo us 'an adequate
navy,' tho goal of American needs and
Those Who Can't Be Pleased.
"Those who bid against us stand still
as to construction and will not approve
this conservative program," tho secre
tary continues. "Those who wish to
hasten more rapidly In construction
will not give it their approval.
"It bos been recommended, after
mature consideration, as a middle
course of wisdom. It is a condition
nnd not n theory that confronts us
Tho revenues of the country do not
permit so largo an expansion In narnl
building as tho department might de
eiro to enter upon nt this time."
As to the reduction in armament the
"I trust that this country will take
tho initiative and that steps will be
taken by a conference of all the pow
ers to discuss reduction of tho heavy
cost of the nrmy and navy."
Secretary Daniels says that "the
time has como when the department
should bo freed from excessive prices
charged by private manufacturers of
armor plate, guns and gun forcings,
powder, torpedoes nnd other supplies
and munitions," nnd recommends that
appropriations be made for an armor
plate factorj-, tho powder factory and
tho torpedo works.
"Tho ability to mako part of tho
powder used has effected some reduc
tion," ho declnres, "but tho depart
ment Is still forced to buy too largo a
quantity from tho powder trust at an
In urging a sufficient appropriation
to begin tho construction of n govern
ment armor plant to relieve a situation
which, ho says, "Is intolerable and at
total variance with tho principle of
economy In spending government
money," Mr. Daniels says that It was
sufficient to mention that only throe
firms in tills country can manufacture
armor plate "and that these firms have
put in bids for armor plato seldom
varying over a few dollars and in many
instances being Identical to the cent"
"It Is evident that without an armor
plant of its own," tho secretary adds,
"tho government In time of war or Im
pending war would be entirely nt the
mercy of these three manufacturers
and obliged to pay practically what
ever prices they asked."
DIVES--TO HIS DEATH.
Fearing Sanitarium, John Churchill,
Inventor, Takes Fatal Plunge.
New York. Dec. l.--FearIng that he
would bo returned to tho King's Park
sanitarium, where ho had been ror
two years, John Churchill, an Inventor,
Hilrtv.four vears old. committed sui
cide, by leaping out of the' window of
tho homo of bis urotner at, jzu bt
John's nlaco. Brooklyn.
Churchill had patented a number of
inventions, but hud concentrated his
mind on making, an absolutely nonre
fillable bottle. So hard had he labored
on the Invention that his nifnd Is said
to linvo become affected, and two years
ago he was sent to the sanitarium
where ho was kept In confinement
I IS I M I T I W I IT I F1S
11 1213,14; 56
14 15 6 17 18 19 20
FACES FINAL CRISIS
Huerta Tottering, Is the Re
port From Gapital.
AMPiGO MENACED BY REBELS
apturo of Mazatan, on West Coast,
Leaves Sallna Cruz the Only Port
Through Which Arms From Ja
pan May Bo Landed.
Mexico City, Dec. 1. There is strong
Urong feeling here that General Hu-
rrta Is close to his last stand. The
government has been forced to admit
the fall of imiwrtant northern strong
holds, and It was also admitted that
tho rebels had done such damage to
tho railroad nnd telegraph lines that
oncerted movements of federal troops
ire barely possible.
It is believed that the government
hns received word that Guaymas has
fallen as well as Mnzatlan, the other
Important western port If this Is true
the government will have hard work
sotting to the cnpltnl the big shipment
of arms and ammunition reported to
be on the wny from Japan.
If Guuymas has fallen the only Im
portant Pacific port remaining In the
hands of the federals is Sallna Cruz.
The rebels have further disorganized
tho federal cnmpalgn by the seizure of
all the vast oil property of the Cow
dray syndicate In the Tuxpan district
The only way fuel oil can be shipped
from the port for the use of the Na
tional railways Is by water.
The Constitutionalists under General
Candldo Agullar have threatened to
destroy the oil wells if the company
continues to ship oil for the use of the
railways. The company is reported to
have yielded to the demands that they
will supply no more oil to tho National
railways, that no appeal will be made
to tho Huerta government for protec
tion nnd that the taxes will bo paid to
tho rebel chiefs.
The National railways use only oil
for fuel, and the cutting off of the sup
ply means that any considerable mili
tary movement In that district must
be abandoned by the government
Tampico In Danger.
Tnmplco is said to be in grave dan
ger of capture. It Is reported that a
body of rebels In the oil district
left Xicotencatl presumably to cut the
railroad from San Luis Potosl, having
1 ready destroyed tho Tnmplco-Mon-
teroy road. This would completely
solute Tampico from any land ap
proach of the federals.
It was reported that General Huerta
had obtained a loan of 7,000,000 pesos
from some unidentified source. The
belief lur is that If tho report is true
the loan will serve only to delay tho
financial crisis a few weeks more nt
General Blauquet has assured Gen
eral Huerta that the war department
debt of 22,000,000 pesos would be paid,
but where these funds are coming
from has not been revealed. Instead of
being paid with cash on Saturday, as
Is customary,, the employees of tho Na
tional railways received checkB to be
cashed today. The obligations of the
National railways must bo met this
month, which causes much concern in
government circles. Tho government
finds it more difficult dally to raise
Tho Japanuso minister has requested
Nelson O'Shaughnessy, the American
charge d'affuirs, to protect Japanese on
the west coast After consulting with
Washington Mr. O'Shaughnessy replied
that Amerlcun protection would bo ex
tended to Japanese subjects.
FATAL SCALDS FROM ENGINE.
Engineer on Colorado Train Pinned
Under It Against Mountain.
Denver, Dec. 1. James Duffey, en
gineer of n passenger train bound hero
du tho Colorado and Southern railway,
was scalded to death when his engine
ran Into tho side of a snow covered
mountain opposite Blnckhawk, near
Central City. The fireman, Charles A,
Russell, was hurled through the cab
window and landed seventy-five yards
down the mountain sldo. Ills right ear
was torn off.
Duffey was pinned under the engine
for two hours before rescuers could
reach him, but they were helpless until
a ditch had been dug through tho snow
and frozen earth, through which he
was taken out
Uoth the englno nnd the smoking car
rero overturned. Tho express messen
ger, Francis Noonan, 'wns burled under
tho car. but escaped Injury. The pas
senger cars remained on tho track. No
passengers were injured.
HUSBAND SLAYER TO PRISON,
Mrs. Wasserleben Fails In Appeal
Against Alabama Conviction.
Mobile, Ala., Dec. 1. After a legal
fight lasting nearly two years against
her conviction Mrs. Virginia Theresa
Wasserleben. found guilty of tho mur
der of her husband. Frederick Wasser
leben, a pollco officer. In December,
IWl, nnd sentenced to life Imprison'
pent, wns taken to the state convict
arm to begin her sentence. Sho pro
fessed to believe that "spirits" would
Her motherMrs. Mary T. Godou, a
cripple, ijdlso serving a life tei;m for
tho murder, which was committed to
obtain life insurance to the amount of
Gouldsboro, Nov. 29. Flags are
being rapidly placed in all the school
rooms in this section. Last Saturday
evening the P. O. S. of A. at Toby
hanna presented all tho schools In
the townBhlp, including three high
schools, with not only a large flag
for their pole, but with a flag for
each room and introduced the flag sa
lute at tho opening exercises. Prof.
J. A. Kunkle, principal of the Toby
hanna schoolfe,- acted as chairman
of the ceremonies. Ira LaBar, dis
trict attorney of Monroe county, gave
a very fine address, that was greatly
appreciated. Mrs. G. A. Kerllng,
the department patriotic instructor
of the W. R. C, talked on patriotic
work in tho schools. The school had
very fine exercises and closed by re
peating the flag salute in unison.
Flags have 'been ordered by Miss
Clare Foley, teacher of the Lehigh
Glen school, Miss Spicher, teacher of
the Fayette school, Miss Grace
Crooks for the Lehigh school, Miss
Ruth Thomas of Dalevllle, and Miss
Propst of Hazard Home school. All
of these and several others are to 'be
presented in the year. Chaplain T.
P. Swartz, W. R. C, of Moscow, is
to present four large bunting flags to
the Moscow school in the near fu
ture. The Corps recently presented
tho Gouldsboro schools with flags.
While many of the schools have
flags on the poles outside of tho
school buildings, a geat many, es
pecially in the small district schools,
have not had the flags in the school
rooms. The patriotic societies
throughout are endeavoring to have
a flag placed in every school room in
the United States and the flag salute
repeated at the opening exercises
every morning. Flags are also be
ing placed in many Sunday school
Cards have been received here
announcing the marriage of Miss
urace mizaDetn uowie, or uaston,
to Harry Wllmer Markel, of Greens
burg. The ceremony occurred at the
home of the bride at noon Wednes
day, Nov. 25. The bride was at
tended by her sister, Alpha Bowie
and the groom by his brother. A
wedding dinner and reception was
held immediately afterwards. The
bridal party departed for an extend
ed trip through the South. . The
bride, who lived here for several
years with her grandmother, Mrs.
Etna Staples, has many friends here
who wish her a long and happy mar
ried life. The groom, a, graduate of
Lafayette College, 1910, Is principal
of tho high school at Bollver, where
they will make their home. Mrs:
Staples, who was at Easton to at
tend the wedding, has returned
Dorothy Mae O'Boyle, youngest
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James
O Boyle, and Fred Hager Rhodes,
son of Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Rhodes,
were recently married at Bingham-
ton, N. Y. The Ish Ki Bible class
gave the bride a variety shower.
Many pretty and useful gifts were
received. The following were pres
ent: Misses Mabel and Llnnian
Hawke, Mabel and Annie Flower,
Minnie Courtney, Annie Kintzer,
Florence Gruver, (Mildred Sebrlng,
Messrs. Dennis Shay, George Se
aring, Howard Flower, Arthur and
Russel O'Boyle, Mr. and Mrs. Jnmes
O'Boyle, and Mr. and Mrs. Fred
Rhodes. The young couple are very
popular and are receiving the hearty
congratulations of their many
Rev. Clarence R. Hickok, pastor of
the Court street M. E. church,
Scranton, will preach In the M. E.
church Tuesday, Dec. 4th, and ad
minister the Holy Sacrament.
A largo number from here attend
ed tho lecture given by Rev. Wa
man, of Philadelphia, at the Dale
vllle M. P. church Thursday eve
Gouldsboro Lodge, No. 298, I. O
O. F had as their guest Wednes
day evening tho Grand Master of the
State, Fred C. Hanyen, of Scranton.
Mrs. S. S. Hager is spending some
time with her son, Mr. Hager, at
Rozolle, N. J.
Tho next regular meeting of Chap
lain 'T. D. Swartz, R. R. C, will bo
held Wednesday, Dec. 3, at which
time the election of officers will be
held for tho coming year.
Mrs. Hager of South Sterling who
has been spending several weeks
here with her daughter, Margaret.
returned home the last of the week.
Her daughter is now he're. Margar
et underwent an operation- at the
Stajo hospital a couple of months
ago for appendicitis and has since
been at the home of Ernest Eadler,
whero she has been critically 111.
She is slowly gaining.
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Grac-
er Saturday, Nov. 22, a son.
Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Grover
Johnson of Sunnysido on Saturday,
Nov. 22, a son.
Cards have been received here an
nounclng the birth of a daughter to
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Latham of Phil
Mrs. Schott of Lackawaxen, was
a guest of her son George several
days of last week.
Charles Brown, of Scranton, spent
a few days of this week with his
uncle, George Ordnung, and other
Susa Moser is spending this week
in Brooklyn, N. Y., as the guest of
her cousin, Edith Ulrlch
Elizabeth Moser spent a few days
of last week with friends at Forest
Marie Martwlck is snendlng a few
days of this week with relatives at
Scranton and Clark's Summit.
Mrs. William Swartz of South Ca
naan spent Saturday with her uncle
and aunt, Mr. and Mrs. John Shu-
Ross Thomas of Carbondale spent
Saturday and Sunday with friends
Allco Doney spent Saturday and
Sunday with her sister, Mrs. Gun-
sauls of Forest City.
Mrs. Walter Moules and Alice
Ma tch ell spent a few days with their
parents, Mr, and Airs.- Jacob Match
eji of south Canaan,
Allen Bryant, of Carbondale, was
a guest of his parents, Mr, ana Mrs,
Edgar Bryant, over Sunday.
dale is home Buffering from a frac
tured wrist. She is much Improved
at this writing.
George Evans and Wife left' here
on Friday to attend the funeral of
their cousin, Mrs. John Johns at
Henry Owens of Carbondale, spent
the week end with relatives and
Waymart, Nov. 29. A Thanks
giving entertainment was given by
the pupils of the Dwyer school,
Canaan township, on Wednesday af
ternoon, Nov. 25. The program
was as follows:
Nine Littlo Pumpkin Faces
Exercise by Nino Pupils.
Tho Reason Why ....Robt. Gilpin
The Thanksgiving Turkey
Sara J. Sncdeker
The Turkey's Soliloquy.
November Joseph Snedoker
A Thanksgiving Wish
, .Anton Lautenschlager
The Story of the Pilgrims (reading)
Sara J. Snedeker
Thanksgiving . Albert Lautenschlager
A Mutual Mistake ...Robert Gilpin
Tho Cat's, Thanksgiving Soliloquy
The Kitten's Thanksgiving
Tho last number on the program
was a laughable one. A large pa
per turkey was pinned to the curtain
and each pupil given a paper turkey
head to put in place, the pupils to
be blindfolded while doing this.
Many patrons and friends of teach
er and pupils attended.
Pleasant Mount, Nov. 29. On
Wednesday evening, Nov. 2G, at 6
o'clock, at the parochial residence,
occurred the marriage of Miss
Teresa F., daughter of Garrett Kier
nan, to Irving W. Bunnell' a busi
ness man, both of Herrlck Center.
The ceremony was performed by
Rev. T. J. Crogan, pastor of St.
James' church. The bride was hand
somely attired in a blue coat suit
with a white picture hat. The
bridesmaid, Miss Mary Kiernan, a
sister of tho bride, wore a blue
coat with hat to match. The groom
was attended by Mr. William O'Hara
of Pleasant Mount. After tho cere
mony the bridal party was driven to
the home of the bride, whero a re
ception was held for the immediate
friends. Mr. and Mrs. Bunnell left
on the 10 o'clock train for their
honeymoon. They have a host of
friends who extend their heartiest
congratulations and wish them a
happy wedded life.
"I tell my wife all I know."
"Yes, she told ,my wife that you
hardly say a thing to her." Answers.
THE CITIZEN OFFERS YOU
THIS ILLUSTRATED BOOK
tins great uook wnicn contains over 050 nnery illustrated pages and is (handsomely and sub
stantially bound in cloth. Now, then it is up to yon. It is your move.
The Citizen" Publishing Co.
'! Did Not. Know You Gould Buy Such Nice
Things In a Hardware Store."
That's what one of our lady customers said after she examined
our big line of useful holiday gifts, and sho might havo truthfully
added that our kind of holiday goods are always doubly appreciat
ed because they are not only fine in appearance but always use
ful and a constant pleasure to the recipient.
Just a Few Suggestions:
Rogers new pattern knives and forks, 21 dwts. silver, $4.50 per set.
Gloves and mittens in Christmas boxes,. $. 25 to '$3.00 pr.
Electric flashlights, always acceptable, '$1.00 to $3.50 each.
Aluminum war for the kitchen, $.25 to $5.00 each.
Driving Lamps and Lanterns, for those who need them, $.75 to
Keen Kutter Shears and Pocket Knives, $.25 to $1.50 each.
Horse Blankets and Robes make real gifts, $1.50 to $15.00 each.
Watch This Space for More Suggestions
Home of Useful Christmas Gifts. Honesdale, Pa.
Siko, Dec. 1. Mr. and Mrs. T. H.
Ridd spent Thanksgiving at Port Jer
vis as the guests of Mr. and Mrs.
A son was born to Mr. and Mrs.
E. Plntler an Nov. 29.
Tho Pleasant Valley W. C. T. U.
will meet with Mrs. Lizzie Eldred,
Carley Brook, on Thursday after
noon, December 4.
.$1,000,000 TO BOOST PAItTV.
Prohibitionists Plan to- Elect
Congressmen Next Year.
Columbus, Nov. 29. Plans to
raise a fund of $1,000,000 for the
Presidential campaign of 19 16 and
to elect 10 members of Congress
next year have been outlined by a
" Concentration Committee " of
Prohibition party leaders.
The "Concentration Committee "
will decide later what 10 districts of
the United States they will select as
battle ground in the effort to ob
tain representation in Congress for
Shop early and help the clerk
in the stores.
AVIIAT IS IMPUKE AIR,?
The Smithsonian Institution has
recently published a revolutionary
memoir by Prof. Leonard Hill and
several collaborators, entitled " The
Influence of the Atmosphere on Our
Health and Comfort in Confined and
Crowded Places." A main purpose
of the memoir is to show that the
chemical quality of the air in crowd
ed and stuffy -rooms has nothing to
do with its 111 effects, and that, apart
from tho influence or infecting bac
teria, the ventilation problem is es
sentially one of the temperature, rel
ative humidity and movement of the
air. Tho ordinary tests of air for
carbon dioxide are declared to be
worthless. The percentage of car
bon dioxide in the worst ventilated
room does not rise above 0.5 or, at
most, 1 per cent., whereas the norm
al concentration of carbon dioxide in
the lungs is from 5 to 6 per cent, of
an atmosphere. Tho writers adduce
a great number of experiments and
observations to prove that percent
ages regaded as deleterious or
deadly by hygienists are quite harm
less. They claim that it is also a
fallacy to assume that a diminished
amount of oxygen is harmful. At
noted health resorts in tho Alps the
barometer stands at such a height
that the concentration of oxygen is
far less than in the most ill-ventilated
room. One unfortunato result of
this fallacy is that tho laws regard
ing ventilation of mines Insist on a
high percentage ' of oxygen, and
thereby increase the danger of mine
explosions. Finally, the widespread
belief in tho presence of an organic
poison in expired air is equally er
roneous. The smells of crowded
rooms and the like are no indication
that the air is deleterious. " The
deaths in the Black Hole of Calcutta,
the depression, headache, etc., in
closo rooms, are alike due to heat
stagnation; the victims of the Black
Hole died of heat-stroke." Scienti
Dr. Cook's Book
is just out, spic and span new.
In it he tells the complete story
of his journey to the top of the
Earth. It is a thriller, and The
Citizen is going to sell it. A
lot of the books are on the way
hot from the publishers. Al
though the book sells for a dol
lar, and is as large and fine as
fcS MJ 4. 11V V V IT "J
i i :i
lii in'i'rv new NTTiisrniir.r wiiu
vonr'c cnhcrrtntinn T")rm't
wait for a Citizen representa
tive to call on you, but call at
the office, or send in your sub
scription at qnce so that you
will bep-in rip-lit awav to receive
ucr in vvavne cuuiiw in vuur
nome twice a weeK, ana at tne
same time get a FREE cony of
er. a teacper at Palls