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THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, JULY 15, 1913.
Poultry and Hogs Bought Here
For Breeding Purooses.
TO MAKE EXPERIMENTS.
Dr. Walter Pruco, Chief of Government
Breeding Station and Experimental
Poultry Farm at Pergamino, Argen
tina, Considers American Strains Best
In the World.
Hogs and chickens of American
strains will be distributed among the
farms in the Argentine ltopubllc, Dr.
Walter Pruce, chief of tho experimen
tal station and poultry experimen
tal farm at Pergamino, Argentina, de
clared In a recent Interview. Dr.
Pruce, who Is now on his way to Ar
gentina, has with him a cargo of hogs
and chickens of various breeds which
he has collected from the farms of
Indiana, Ohio, New Jersey, Illinois,
New York and other states 'and 300
tons of American built sheds, hen
houses, incubators and other farm im
plements Incident to tho breeding of
i poultry and hogs.
"For some time the Argentine gov
ernmcnt has considered introducing
into that country certain strains of
American live stock and poultry which
are raised so successfully by American
farmers," said Dr. Pruce. "After con
eldering the matter carefully and be
ing advised that American farming
methods were in advance of those in
any other country of the world I was
commissioned to come hero and buy,
Purchased Much Stock.
"I have purchased more than COO
chickens, representing flfty-one varie
ties of breeds, and forty-six hogs of
sis different breeds. I also have
grounding and feed mills, Incubators
hog sheds and other equipment and
six experts who are graduates of lead
lng American agricultural colleges
whom I expect to send throughout Ar
gentlna to explain stock breeding to
"We expect to arrive in Buenos
Aires near the end of July or early in
August Tho poultry and stock will
be shipped from there to Pergamino,
where It is proposed to establish n
Will Give Lectures.
"Wo will invito the farmers to call
at the breeding station, where lectures
will bo given on the proper manner of
raising chickens and hogs. Later wo
may introduce certain strains of Ainer
lean cattle. After wo have raised a
sufficiently largo number chickens and
hogs will bo given by tho government
to tho poorer farmers, and our agents
will go through the country and tell
them of the proper methods of hous
ing, brooding and caring for their
Dr. Pruco said he had Berkshire,
Yorkshire, Poland China, Duroc-Jer-scy
and Tamworth hogs and White
and Brown Leghorns, Wyandottes and
other well known breeds of chickens.
BUG HUNTS MOSQUITOES.
Ferocious Chinese Insect Now Being
Propagated to Fight Pest.
Philadelphia is to get rid of its mos
quitoes by using tho praying mantis,
a ferocious looking Chinese bug of
four inches in length, which Entomol
ogist nonilg is cultivating In the
southern section of that city.
Recently he started 200 nests of tho
mantes, nnd each nest has produced
300 of these black beetles, which tho
mandarins use like fighting cocks, and
those which have been placed in trees
In mosquito infected sections have
devastated that region of all the mos
quitoes, which have become their prey.
Hornlg has asked tho citizens not to
kill tho mantes when they boo them or
think they will do harm, for they aro
only carnivorous and feed upon mos
quitoes. When this new Implement
of destruction is recognized as tho ofll
clal exterminator of tho Plasmodium
1 ( it. . .1. , 1 1 t.t.
lleves that ho wjll soon havo the city
clear of tho pests.
Tho mantes propagate rapidly.
HISTORIC DOCUMENT FOUND?
May Be the Original Draft of Leccnp
ton Constitution of Kansas.
In looking over a bundle of papers
which belonged to an uuelo who died
In Kansas, Justlco of tho Peace Joseph
A. noadley of Mllltown, N. J., found
what appears to him to be tho original
draft of tho famous Lceompton con
stitution of Knnsas, a document for
which tho authorities of that stato havo
been looking for tho past half century,
Mr. neadley has written to tli6 secre
tary of stato of Kansas telling him ot
Tho Lceompton constitution wasibo
first organic law of Kansas and pro
vlded for slavery. It was recognized
by President Buchanan, but afterward
supplanted with a new instrument that
forbade slavery within tho state.
Buy Baok tho Terra Nova.
Tho Scott antarctic expedition's ves
sel, the Terra Nova, will not, contrary
to expectations, bo sent to London for
exhibition purposes. Sho has been re
purchased by Messrs. Bowring, the
original owners, and will proceed short
ly to Newfoundland, whero sho will
again be employed in sealing.
STORY OF A FAMOUS SONG.
A Dismal, Rainy Day Moved Dan Em
met to Write "Dixie."
'Dixie" was written by Dan Emmet,
both words and music. It was sung
for the first time Monday, Sept. 10,
1S50, 011 tho stage of Bryant's minstrels
at 472 Broadway, New Vork. Tliere
has been much controversy over the
question of authorship and over tho
tnusic. Tho known history of the song
has been carefully compiled by Gus-
tav Kobbo In his "Famous American
S3hgs," as follows:
"On Saturday night, Sept. 17, 1850.
after the performance one of tho Bry
ants told Krnmot that a new walk
around was wanted in time for re
hearsal on Monday. Tho minstrel re
plied that, while the time was very
short, he would do his best That
night after ho reached homo ho tried
to hit upon some tune, but the music
wouldn't come. Ills wifo cheerily- told
him to wait until morning. DTo should
ave tho room to himself so that he
could work undisturbed, and when ho
had finished the walk around ho could
play it for her as a sole audience. If
Bhe liked It tho Bryants would and so
would tho average listener.
"Next day was rainy and dismal.
Some years before Emmet had traveled
with a circus as a drummer. In winter
tho warm southern circuit was a popu
lar route with circus people, and those
who were obliged to show north would
Bay when tho cold weather would mfike
them shiver, 1 wish I was in Dixie.'
The phrase was, in fact, a current cir
cu? expression. On that dismal Sep
tember day, probably tho beginning of
tho equinoctial, when Emmet stepped
to the window and looked out the old
longing for the pleasant south came
over him, and involuntarily he thought
to himself, I wish I was In Dixie.'
"Like a flash the thought suggested
the first line for a walk around, and a
little later the minstrel, fiddle in hand,
was working out the melody which,
coupled with the words, made 'Dixie a
genuine song of the people almost from
tho instant it was first sung."
LISZT AND HIS CIGARS.
Why the Great Musician Said He
Would Quit Smoking.
Liszt was in the habit of smoking
one cigar a day. But that one cigar
was an exceedingly choice one. When
he was starting on a journey he told
his valet how many days he would be
away, and his valet put into the valise
a corresponding number of those ci
gars. Once wlicn Liszt was going to Italy
the chief customs officer at the frontier
post of Chiasso asked him if he had
anything to declare. The musician,
with his. thoughts centered on his mu
sic rather than his cigars, made signs
to the effect that lie had nothing. The
officer opened tho valise without the
traveler agitating himseK over the
search. Presently a number of cigars
were brought to light Tho whole lot
was confiscated, and he was ordered to
pay a fine of $100.
When Liszt readied Milan be told his
agent of his unpleasant adventure. Iti
cordl laughed at the whole affair, took
a stroVv to tlie Italian treasury and re
covered tho cigars and tho fine. On
returning to the artist he offered him,
with a smile, one of his own precious
"No, my dear friend," said Liszt "I
have taken a vow never to smoke again
so as not to expose myself a second
time to such a humiliation."
Iticordl says lie kept his vow. Other
authorities recall Roger's visit to tho
virtuoso in 1870.
"Liszt smoked and offered me a ci
gar," said Keger, "and while I took my
ease ho walked up and down, sending
out clouds of smoke in the direction of
certain terra cotta figures." New York
"PEDOS" CORN CURE re
lieves pain at once and event
ually cures. 15 cents
THE CLARK AiSNQVER CO. J
SCRANTON, PENNA. 7
SNOW GEESE ON NEW ROUTE
FOR MIGRATION TO THE NORTH
The first flock of snow geese ever
repdrted on the coast of Maine was
seen at Pine Point the other day by
R. W. Plllsbury, says a Portland,
Me., news item,
Tho snow geese, tho scientific
name of which Is Chen nivalis, al
ways makes its northward migration
along the Mississippi vaUey and
through tho middle west to the
breeding grounds In the far north.
A. 11. Norton, curator of tho Port
land Society of 'Natural History, says
that so far as he knows there Is but
one recorded instance of tho snow
goose appearing in this locality.
This was when a single bird or strag
gler was shot some years ago, A
flock had nover been reported until
It was Just about noon time
when Mr. Plllsbury saw a flock of 18
or 20 of the beautiful snow white
geese wheel in from southward and
light on the sand spit which runs
out like a peninsula where the little
Dunstant river empties into tho
ocean. He immediately hurried in
to the house and got out his power
ful marine glasses. With these he
wns able to bring the birds within
close range. Ho immediately rec
ognized the distinguishing marks of
the snow goose, the black wing tips,
the rest of the plumage being snow
The birds fed along the sand pit
for about 15 minutes and then a hoy,
who had spied them, ran down and
sc red them off. The geese did not
fly far, but lit just across the river,
on the Prouts Neck side. Someone
saw them and opened fire on the
flock with a repeating rifle, but Mr.
Plllsbury was unable to see whether
any birds were killed. The flock
got up and flew off to the eastward.
There are various theories for the
appearance of the snow geese so far
away from their usual northward
route. Some gunners say that the
leader of the flock may have been
shot. This would have a tendency to
disconcert the birds. A flock of com
mon Canada geese will wander out
of their course if deprived of their
leader. Mr. Plllsbury says he has
known flocks of Canada geese to
hang around this vicinity until June,
when their leader had been killed.
One man suggests that the recent
severe windstorms and high waters
in the middle west may have made
the birds deviate from their usual
Newfoundland, July 14. We have
had several hard showers in this vi
cinity during the past week. During
one on Saturday morning lightning
struck Philip Eck's barn, knocking
out several rafters, and damaging
other parts. On Tuesday the home
of Mrs. (Dr.) Gilpin was damaged by
Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Burrus' com
pany on Sunday were: Mr. and Mrs.
John Simmons, daughters Ada and
Helen, and son Harry, and Ray
Whiting of Minneapolis.
Mr. and Mrs. M. P. Searle and
mother, Mrs. Madge Searle, are en
tertaining the lattor's daughter, Mrs.
Whiting, and daughter Madge, and
son Ray, of Minneapolis, Minn., and a
son and wife, Mr. and Mrs. Eli
Searle and baby of New York City.
Tho Ladies' Aid met Wednesday
at tho home of Mrs. Mary Gilpin.
Net proceeds of meeting, $2.50.
Mr. and Mrs. R. Phillips are enter
taining company from Scranton.
The body of John Heberllng was
brought here for burial on Saturday.
Tho veterans in this vicinity havo
all returned from tho reunion at
Mr. and Mrs. M. P. Searle, Mrs.
Madge Searle, Mrs. Whiting, son
Ray and daughter Madge spent
xuesuay wun jur. ana Mrs. Burrus,
John Kerr is slowly improving.
PREPARE TO BUY NORMAL
Tho State Board of Education re
cently discussed steps to acquire con
trol of seven of the State Normal
Schools under the terms of the Act
authorizing the purchase and appro
priating $400,000, now in the hands
of the Governor. As soon as tho Act
is approved, action will follow.
Tho board, which met in Harris-
burg, also considered equalization of
Stato aid to sparsely settled districts
and tho plan for State aid In educa
tion of blind children which are pro-
vlded in Legislation which is also on
the Governor's desk.
Tho first investment of the per
manent State school fund amounting
to $400,000, was authorized to bo
made by the finance committee. The
permanent fund is to bo composed
of escheated estates, income from
forestry lands and other sources.
Tho Delaware river is one of tho
best fishing rivers in tho country, no
exception, if it is properly looked
after and protected. There are no
mills along Its shores to dump acid
and refuse Into it and kill the fish
liko there are on all the other rivers
in the State and because it has al
ways been known as a good fishing
river It has attracted thousands of
fishermen from the cities every sum
mer who como to enjoy the fine fish
ing. To keep tho river well stocked
and protected is tho duty of tho Fish
and Game Commission to the people
of that section, thousands' of whom
make a living by keeping boarders
during the summer.
Only the torave fight put up by
Mrs. Martin Hunslcker of Genegans
let, Chenango county, New York, pre
vented her son William, four years
old, being carried away or at least
Injured by an eagle Sunday after
noon. Tho child was playing near
the house when tho bird swooped,
fastening his talons in his hair. Tho
boy screamed and his mother, catch
ing up a stick, beat off the eagle.
The big bird at first gave battle, then
suddenly released its hold and soar
The playing of base ball on Sun
day in -New York state is prohibited
under the following conditions:
Where admission- is charged; where
it is open to the general public, and
where It disturbs the peace, accord
ing to an opinion rendered Governor
Sulzer by Attorney-General Carmody.
The opinion is expected to have
an important bearing on the playing
of base ball on Sunday by various
teams in the New York State Base
Ball League, which includes Albany,
Troy, Utica, Syracuse, Binghamton
and Elmira. Wilkes-Barre and
Scranton which also are members of
this organization, have always play
ed base ball on Sunday and will not
be affected by Mr. Carmody's ruling.
SINGING FISH THE LATEST.
Bellville Bull Pout Become Musical
and Annoy Neighbors.
Singing fish havo caused all sorts of
excitement in Bellville, O. The fish,
a variety of bull pout, live in tho sub
terranean streams and como to the
surface and sing.
They gather at the surface of cis
terns and quiet pools In the gathering
dusk and chant in chorus what a prom
inent poetess of Bellville calls a sweet,
sad, haunting melody, which she likens
to the moaning of night winds through
lonely, brooding pines.
Sho also believes that the pout in
tho subterranean darkness keep track
of each other by their cries and tlint
the droning sounds are their callings
to their mates. But plain citizens who
are kept awake aro beginning to say
harsh things nbout tho singing fish.
FIFTY CENT FUNERALS.
Government Can Bury Seamen Most
Cheaply In Cairo, III.
The cheapest place in the world for
a seaman to die is Cairo, 111., where
his funernl will cost him only DO cents,
according to contracts let recently by
tho United States public health serv
ice, covering the entire country.
Tho cheapest place for a seaman to
bo sick is Bridgeport, Conn., whero the
government has secured n contract for
medical attention and nursing at 72
cents a day. Tl cost elsewhere
ranges from f 1 to $3 a day.
Tho cost of funerals varies from 50
cents in Cairo to $30 in Philadelphia
and $50 in Ketchikan, Alaska.
Foss Would Pardon All.
Governor Foss of Massachusetts,
who has pardoned 300 convicts In
three years, declared recently that he
favored pardoning all eonvlcts, to give
each of them another chance to be
come n good citizen.
The Mildest Stripped Tobacco on the Market
' Made Expressly for Those Who Like an Extra Mild Smoke or Chew.
UNION SCOUT has that; rich pleasant flavor which can only
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Try a Sc Package You Are Sure to Like
Clark & Snover Company
FORTY-TWO YEARS OF SUCCESS
The Leading Financial Institution of Wayne County
We lead In CAPITAL STOCK $ 200,000.00
We lead in SURPLOS and UNDIVIDED PROFITS 372,862.00
We lead In TOTAL CAPITALIZATION 572,862.00
(Our CAPITALIZATION is the DEPOSITORS SECURITY)
We lead in Deposits 2,463,348.60
We lead in TOTAL RESOURCES 3,040.099.22
This year completes the FORTY FIRST since tho founding of the
WAYNE COUNTY SAVINGS BANK.
MANY BANKS have come and gone during that period.
PATRONIZE one that has withstood tho TEST of TIME.
W. B. HOLMES, President H. S. SALMON, Cashier
A. T. SEARLE, Vice-President W. J. WARD, Asst. Cashier.
W. B. HOLMES F. P. KIMBLE
A. T. SEARLE W. F. SUYDAM
H. J. CONGER H. S. SALMON
E. W. GAMMELL
Nov. 12, 1912.
No Piano in America is gaining a more
substantial reputation for downright honest
values at a moderate price than the Norris &
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