Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, MAY 20, 1913.
Amazing Experiments Conduct
ed at Johns Hopkins,
FROZEN ORGANISMS REVIVED
State Known as "Latent Life," Inter
mittent Between Life and Death, Ap.
parontly Comprises Principles of
Doth Bacteria Survive Terrific Cold
and Retain Characteristics.
Some mnrvolous experiments In tho
histological nnd psychological labora
tories of the Johns Hopkins Medical
school at Baltimore have recently
yielded results Indicating that thcro
Is a third state. Intermediate botwecn
life and death and apparently related
In principle to both.
Tho fact that life In various and
many organisms may be Buspendod by
freezing in liquid air nnd by other
processes nnd the possibility of resus
citating these organisms nfter n pe
riod of several weeks or even months
gives color to the theory recently dis
cussed that it may bo possible to re
suscitate the bodies of Captain Scott
and his companions, who wore frozen
on their return from tho south pole.
There Is a state known as "latent
life," In which the organisms, hnvlng
every appearance of being Hfoless,
nevertheless ngaln manifest vital char
acteristics. Bacteria, tho lower plant
organisms, have enormous powers of
resisting conditions that tend to death.
Bacteria of various diseases nre seen
In the laboratory frozen at a tempera
ture of liquid air of 3G0 degrees F.
They do not 'die, as a rule, but survivo
this extremely drastic treatment and
retain their specific vital pathogenic
Revived After Freezing.
There are instances where such cold
blooded animals as frogs and toads,
snails and oven flsh have had their
lives suspended by this freezing proc
ess, sometimes so thoroughly that their
Intestines can be taken out, nnd yet on
being "thawed out" after a period of
weeks revive most activoly. These ani
mals aro perfectly normal when placed
In a refrigerating Jar Just largo enough
to hold one animal. The Jar Is filled
with liquid air at a certain tempera
ture, and nfter a short time tho ani
mals appear lifeless. A month Inter
they aro removed and on being mas
saged show signs of life, often reviv
From these experiments no claim is
madq that after death life can bo re
stored, but it Is held that In many In
stances where life is thought to bo ex
tinct it is only masked, and it remains
for tho scientists to discover, through
experiment, whether they aro dealing
witn aeatn itseir or witn latent mo.
As stated by one deeply Interested
In tho work, in the warm bloodod anl
mals, even man himself, ono does not
find such extrcmo instances of sup
pression of vitality as In the caso of
lower organisms, creatures with more
sluggish and therefore less easily de
ranged metabolism; honcetho theories
ore not yet applied to numanlty.
No Aotion as In Life.
Tho interesting Inference drawn
from these cases of latent life or sus
pended animation Is that, though vital
lty cannot be said to have vanished,
yet the organism during all that time
Is not taking food, oxygen or water,
It la not giving out carbon dioxide or
water or other chomicol results of life.
It Is not moving of its own volition,
and in the higher animals both tho
cardiac and respiratory -activities are
Some Interesting andsuccessful ef
forts wero recently made In the medi
cal school to revive tho apparently
dead hoart of an animal, as explained
by Dr. Alexis Carrol, who lectured be
foro tho students. In about flvo cases
out of ten tho heart of a chicken took
on renewed energy several hours after
Immediately nfter death tho heart
FINDS INDIANS' MICA MINES.
; nouu uurimr or national museum
I f 4 r , mm
Brings Back Many Relics.
Mica from old Indian mlnos In North
Carolina and other southern states
and a number of tho crude Implements
which tho Indians used in extracting
It havo been addod to" tho extensive
collection of Indian relics, tho largest
m iuu wuu, uiiuuujr uiiiuu lur uiu iu-
tional museum at Washington by Dr.
William H. Ilolmos, head curator, who
recently returned from a tour through
tho mica mlno fields.
"There aro two interesting phases of
this subject," said Dr. Holmes. "One
is that tho IndlanB with their crudo
tools were willing to dig so deep to get
tho mica, tho. other that it was traded
in largo quantities from tho gulf to tho
great lakos. In fact, It seems that
thcro was an agreement which allowed
mien bearers to travel about oven
through hostllo and warlike tribes un
listurbed." Camorrist Priest Released,
Father Vltozzi, tho priost who was
chaplain of tho cemetery at Naples
and was tried with tho Oamorrlsts and
sentenced to stt years' Imprisonment,
has boen released. His term was com
plete, as he had served flvo years while
1 waiting trial.
BUREAU OF TOWNSHIP HIGH
WAYS TO BE CREATED
WIMi ADVISE HO AD SUPEIUN.
TENDENTS AND ELECTED BY
State Was Comprehensive Plan of
Ilond Improvement For lurst
Times People to Ratify Amend
ment at November Election.
None of the proceeds of the $50,
nnn.nnn hond Issue Drooosed by tho
constitutional amendment now pend
ing will be available for construction
of main highways until the people
of the State have ratified the amend
ment at the November election, ana
then not until the Legislature passes
an act prescribing how the bonds
shall be Issued, tho Interest rato and
other details connected with tho issu
ance of securities. The preliminary
steps to submit tho proposed amend
ment to the voters will bo taken this
summer and if approved by popular
vote tho whole matter will be in the
control of the Legislature.
For this reason It will bo neces
sary for the Legislature in tho cur
rent session to make provision for
construction and maintenance of
State highways for the two years'
commencing June 30, and the appro
priations committee is now consid
ering the amounts of money to bo
allowed. While no determination
has been reached, the plan is to di
vldo the fund for road improvement
into three items: Ono for the con
struction of main highways along
the plan outlined by tho act of 1911,
one for the continuance of the State
aid policy, and one for maintenance
of the highways. These items must
all pass both branches of tho Legis
lature and be approved by tho Gov
ernor. It is the intention to be lib
eral with road improvements, and
while the Legislature Is disposed to
take care of the great highways
which are proving so valuable, pro
vision is also to be made for system
atic improvement to township roads.
A million dollars has been recom
mended for payment of bonus on
work tax in the townships and a bill
is pending which will provide $6,
000,000 for improvement of the
township roads by means of a special
one mill tax on corporations.
Tho township roads are to be giv
en tho advantage of State super
vision, and the bill to create a bur
eau of township highways to advise
tho county road superintendents to
be elected by supervisors in each
county will probably reach the
House from the roads committee
within a week.
For the first time the State of
Pennsylvania has a comprehensive
plan of road improvement, some
thing which has been urged for
years, and it includes not only tho
chain of main highways, but State
aid roads and township roads. Tho
$50,000,000 will ho used for tho im
provement of the highways estab
lished by the act of 1911 and such
additions as may bo made by tho
present Legislature, which is study
ing the reauests for now roads and
changes in routes. In this manner
tho work of building the great chain
of roads reaching every part of the
State will go on independently and
without interfering in any way with
tho State-aid and township roads.
From a State which ten years ago
did not have a mile of purely State
road and whose highways were in
ill reputo, Pennsylvania Is now be
fore tho country with the most com
prehensive plan of any State, and
the $50,000,000 will doubtless be
made available so that work can be
gin a couple of years hence with the
experience of years behind it and
tho approval of the people.
DR. BELIj PLANS RECORD
Telephone Inventor Snys Baldwin
Will Try. to Cross in 72 Hours.
Sydney, N. S May 17. Dr. Alex
ander Graham Bell announced that
F. C. Baldwin, ono of his assistants,
will endeavor to cross tho Atlantic
In an aeroplane In an effort to win
tho British prize of $55,000 to tho
first aviator who spans the ocean In
less than seventy-two hours. Prof.
Bell believes that tho Journey will
bo made, if at all, in one spurt.
"Starting from Halifax in the ear
ly morning wo should reach tho
coast of Ireland fox a late dinner,"
Dr. Bell's calculations aro based
on the assumption that the distance
is 2,000 miles and that an airship
Is capable of a speed of forty miles
an hour at normal elevation. Ho
proposes that the lllght be made at
an altitude of five miles, where one
third tho density of normal atmos
phere would pormlt a much greater
If Dr. Bell, the inventor of tho
telephone, is to accomplish what ho
has set out to do ho will havo to
break the aviation records for dis
tance, speed, altitude and duration
If Aviator Baldwin has his early
breakfast in Nova Scotia at 4 a. m.
and his late supper in Ireland at 9
p. m. ho will be allowed seventeen
hours to cover the 2,200 miles from
Nova Scotia to Ireland. To do this
he will have to travel at tho rate of
over 120 miles an hour.
Tho aviation record for speed,
whatever tho length of flight, is
106.11 miles an hour, made by Jules
Vedrines at Pau, France, on July 13,
1912, In a ten kilometer flight. Bald
win will havo to beat this record by
twenty-three miles an hour and keep
it up for seventeen hours, whereas
Vedrines kept up his speed for only
three minutes and thirty seconds.
The aviating record for distance is
that made by'E. Helen at Etampes,
Franco, on September 8, 1911, when
778.45 miles woro covered. Baldwin
will have to fly almost three times
Tho record for duration of flying
is 11 hours and 1 minute, made by
G. Fourney at Buc, France, on Sep
tember 2, mil.
Tho altitude record Is held by G
Legagneux. He rose 17,878 feet on
September 17, 1912. Baldwin will
haye to go about as high again to
attain his five miles.
Surprising Results of Experi
ments In France.
BODILY ENERGY IS SAVED.
Scientist Demonstrates, In a Measure,
That Eating Is Not Necessary to Life.
Patients Show Great Improvement
Under "Diathermy" Diseases Due to
Malnutrition May Be Banished.
To speak of using olectriclty as a
food may seem most absurd at tho
present time, but experiments recently
conducted in France indicate that such
Is a possibility of the future.
For a long time scientists havo been
looking for a cure which will do away
with somo of the multiple ailments of
the human body and havo been univer
sally of the opinion that If food could
bo in n more condensed' form it would
be nbsorbed with less fatigue and dis
comfort The principle of olectriclty
nctlng as a food value is that It adds
to tho heat energy of the stomach so
that much less food has to bo taken
Into tho body.
Currents Applied 'to Body.
His method Is called "diathermy,"
nnd ho applies frequent currents to tho
humnn body, so that, instead of heat
having to be produced from food ma
terials which need to bo consumed and
burned In tho system and thus glvo
rise to much overwork of the organs,
tho artificial method produces tho same
heat at much less injurious cost to the
general condition of health.
These electric currents, ho says, pass
through the body without tho least
feeling. The current Is of two or threa
nmpercs Btrength and voltage of 1,000
to 2,500 volts an hour, and this amount
of eloctrlclty equals one-third of tho
daily food value which should bo con
sumed by one person.
no applied the first test to a man
who was in bad physical condition.
Tho patient at tho time was eating too
much animal food, but was unnblo to
work, was sensitive to heat and cold
nnd could not walk thirty foot without
aid. His height was Ave feet ten Inch
es, nnd ho weighed 110 pounds.
After a series of treatments ho be
gan to Improve rapidly nnd in a short
time gained thirty pounds, wns ablo to
walk for hours without much weari
ness nnd had, In fact, regained all of
his normnl vigor.
Bergonie has also made many other
similnr tests nnd finds that tho results
are universally good and that as soon
ns tho amount of food taken into tho
system Is reduced nnd tho current of
electricity substituted tho Improvement
He considers that tho time will como
when all ailments due to insufficient
nutrition and malnutrition will disap
pear under a series of electric treat
ments of high frequency currents.
Electricity For Plants.
Another example of tho strange uses
to which exports are putting electricity
is tho method of growing plants by In
door electrical apparatus. This device
costs but a small sum to build and can
bo operated in any room which is light
ed by electricity.
It consists of two small coils of wire
connected to a lighting circuit and also
to nnother coll of larger wire wWch
surrounds tho wooden frame in which
tho plants nre to bo kept.
Within this framo aro mounted sev
eral shelves, upon which are placed
boxes holding the seeds and plants to
be forced. Then, when tho current is
turned on, the spneo Inside is sllontly
agltnted by the electrical discharge of
This action causes tho seed and plant
to grow with great rapidity nnd to
reach n size larger than ordinary. Tho
treatments aro given several times a
day nnd last about half an hour each
SOFT DRINKS FOR DIPLOMATS
'Jnfermented Beverages the Rule at
Washington of Late.
William J. Bryan, secretary of state,
is adhering to his lifelong role of
booing nil strong drinks, no gnvo n
dinner to the diplomatic corps at
Washington recently and served un
fermented Juices instead of wines. Tho
rod color was in tho glass, but tho
ilcohol was not there.
Tho diplomats tasted and then look
Mr. Bryan has always boon a tem
perato and a temperance man. Ho docs
not drink Intoxicating liquors and docs
not believe in serving them to others,
TJnfermonted Juices and beverages
aro tho rule in tho Domocratic admin
istration. At tho dinner given by
Representative Robert N. Pago of
North Carolina to Walter H. Page,
ambassador to England, a nonalcoholic
punch which Mrs. Robert N. Pago rec
ommended was served lnstoad of -wine.
Other dinners given by cabinet mem
bers have been served "without cham
pagno or other wines.
Knicker Don't you want a living
Bocker I want more. I want ono I
:an afford to die on. New York Times.
t. kiss after the dance that Is nothing,
A perfume that lightly escapes,
1 nice, round, plump little Bracelet
From an arNr all covered wiUh grapea,
A t eellng of extra Importance
In a swain who never will tell
And a touch ot hauteur In the greeting
Next evening of mademoiselle I
9100 REWARD, 9100.
The readers of this paper will be
pleased to learn that there la at
least one dreadod disease that
science has been able to cure In all
Its stages, and that is Catarrh.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is the only posi
tive euro now known to tho medi
cal fraternity. Catarrh being a
constitutional dlseaso, requires a
constitutional treatment. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is , taken Internally,
acting directly upon tho blood and
mucous surfaces of the system,
thereby destroying tho foundation
of tho disease, and giving the patient
strength by building up the consti
tution and assisting nature in doing
its work. The proprietors have so
much faith in its curative powers
that they offer One Hundred Dollars
for any case that It falls to cure.
Send for list of testimonials.
Address F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
Sold by all Druggists, 76c.
Tako Hall's Family Pills for con
Hawley, May 17.
Fred Rclneke, of Uswlck, was a
caller in town Wednesday.
B. Ray Carr, of Scranton, spent a
few days in town recently.
R. F. Ware, of Penn avenue, loft
Tuesday evening for tho Adlron-
dacks, where he expects to spend
some time. Mrs. Warg accompanied
him as far as Scranton.
Mrs. D. S. Kinklestein of Main
avenue, has returned home after
spending a week at Greene, N. Y.
Rev. and Mrs. Donald Mac-Keller.
of Church street, have returned
home after spending a few days in
R. W. Murphy, of River street, is
spending somo time in Scranton.
Miss Carrio Rowe. of Adella. was a
caller in town Wednesday.
A slight nro occurred at Guinn s
hardware store Tuesday evening.
The firemen quickly responded to
tne alarm. The fire was put out
without doing any damage.
Mrs. Cross and daughter Susan
are spending a few dnys'in the Elec
MASONIC EMBLEM CAME
TO AMERICA IN 1735.
.T S. ATlllvov nf Pnrlin1nlr Tina In
his possession an interesting relic of
the early establishment of the Ma
RnniR frniprnltv In Amor-Inn Tt lo
a master s apron, Deautiruny em
blematic of the order, the designs be-
lnr in nam naintlTicr nnri tnlrt lonf
It came to America from England
with the charter of tho fourth lodge
organized hero, about 1735. It was
for SOmO tlmn In thn nnccncclnn nf
the Masonic lodge at Clifford. The
cuarcer or tnat lodge was long ago
surrendered tn tho. crrntwl Wirm nn,i
was granted to Forest City lodge at
uie time or us institution. Forest
NOVEL MASSAGE CREAM.
Perfect Skin Pood That Removes
Wrinkles nnd Clears Complexion.
Tho most delicate skin will ouick-
ly respond to the soothing and tonic
effects of Hokara and when this pure
skin cream is used, pimples are soon
a thing of tho past.
As a massage cream or after shav
ing it is unequaled, removinc all Ir
ritations, and making tho skin soft
Apply a little to the hands or face
after washing and surprlso yourself
witn tne aeaa sum that comes off.
Hokara is the only antiseptic mas
sage cream, and pimples, eczema and
all skin blemishes soon disappear
when it is used.
Although far superior to tho ordi
nary massage creams and sold on a
guarantee of "best you over used or
money back," yet tho price is a triflo,
only 25c for a liberal Jar; larger size
Sold oh a guaranteo by Peil, tho
"Money's Worth or Money Back"
OME in, fellows, and get that new Suit
of yours before the season's half gone,
no economy in putting it off, you know.
Wp'vp ant n snlnHirl Unp nf thncp npx Fncrlich
and Norfolk models
J J O '
year. The Styles and the prices are right. .
Snappy Club Checks, new Blues, Greys, Browns,
and mixturescolors and shades you won't find in
other stores. We had to do a lot of searching be
fore we could find these unusual patterns ourselves.
Full lino of Children's Furnishings, Iland Bags, Umbrellas, Neclnvenr,
prices that fit any pocket-book.
TAKE a peep In our windows at
those new fancy Columbia
Shirts, with front and cuffs.
Illness and accidents arc unpleasant at all
times but how much better to be prepared, to
feel secure, than that the emergency should
catch you unprepared and helpless.
To call the doctor, to get his first aid advice,
to order medicine all this the telephone is de
signed to do. Bell Service in the home has met
countless cases of trouble, has 'saved thousands
Can you afford to be without it?
Call the Business Office to-day and order a
Cell Telephone for your home.
FORTY-TWO YEARS OF SUCCESS
The Leading Financial Institution of Wayne County
We lead In CAPITAL STOCK .' ? 200,000.00
We lead In SURPLUS and UNDIV IDED PROFITS 372,862.00
We lead In TOTAL CAPITALIZA TION 572,862.00
(Our CAPITALIZATION Is the DEPOSITORS SECURITY)
We lead in Deposits 2,463,348.60
We lead in TOTAL RESOURCES 3,040,099.22
This year completes tho FORTY FIRST since tho founding of tho
WAYNE COUNTY SAVINGS BANK.
MANY BANKS havo come and gone during that period.
PATRONIZE one that has withstood the TEST of TIME.
W. B. HOLMES, President H. S. SALMON, Cashier
A. T. SEAltLE, Vice-President W. J. WARD, Asst. Cashier.
W. B. HOLMES F. P. KIMBLE T. B. CLARK
A. T. SEARLH W. F. SUYDAM C. J. SMITH
H. J. CONGER H. S. SALMON J. W. FARLEY
E. W. GAMMELL
Nov. 12, 1912.
that everybody's wearing, this
HONES DALE, PA.
THE BELL TELEPHONE GO. of PENNA.
AV. A. DELLMORE, Agent.
Straw Hats, Pnnnmn lints, nt
FOR Summer Jaunts, ft Cloth or
Straw Hat is mighty handy.
We've a lot of now ones nifty Eng