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fHE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, MAY 20, 1913.
of the News
Right Off the Reel
Vaccination parties are the vogue of
society In Stockholm, Sweden.
Mrs. Preston of Princeton, formerly
Mrs. Grover Cleveland, has Joined the
Men do not attain their maximum of
efllclcucy until they are over sixty,
says Dr. Harvey W. Wiley.
Raisin seeds are vnluahle, the depart
ment of agriculture has discovered,
yielding four marketable byproducts.
Wellesley college girls celebrated
May day by appearing on the campus
dressed as scrubwomen and carrying
pails of soapsuds. They scoured all
the statues on the college grounds.
An ordinance in Kearny, N. J., re
quiring children living in a house where
there was whooping cough to wear yel
low bands around their arms was re
scinded owing to the protests of par
ents. PASSAGE OF FLEET TO
TRY THE PANAMA CANAL.
Plans Made to Mobilize Ships In Pa
cific For Test
Plans are being- formed for the mobi
lization of the Atlantic licet on the Pa
cific coast next fall or early winter.
The Heet will be sent through the
Panama canal as soon ns it is complet
ed In order to determine how well and
how quickly this may bo accomplished
in case of necessity.
Secretary Daniels, after n conference
with Secretary Garrison, who had tele
graphed Colonel Goethals for definite
information, finds that the chief engi
neer expects the water to bo turned
into the Culobra .cut in October and
that one flight of locks at each end of
the canal will then be ready for use.
Colonel Goethals said the opening of
the canal had always been predicated
on the condition of the slides and the
completion of the locks. If in October,
when tho water is turned in nt Culebra,
slides do not prevent. It will bo pos
sible to pans vessels through. Colonel
Goethals is confident of being able to
pass vessels through by tho end of tho
year, at all events.
It is planned to send tho Frnm
through tho canal, if possible, on her
way to bo used in Amundsen's arctic
cruise, ami that ship will bo tho first,
after tho old battleship Oregon, to go
through. Colonel Goethals, however,
gives no positive assurances as to the
time when the canal may b used be
cause of tho uncertainty of slides at
OSLER TELLS HOW TO LIVE.
Life Is a Habit, He Says In Address at
Sir William Osier of London outlined
a new method of life while address
ing the Yale university students re
cently. Ho urged them to llvo for tho
"My method is tho freshest, oldest,
simplest and usefulest handle in which
to fit your tool of life," ho said. "For
get tho past, forget the future. Life is
n habit as hard or as easy to acquire
ns any other in life. I'm no genius
my friends have found out that but
take no thought for the future, touch
a button that will shut off the past
and another that will shut off the fu
ture, and you will have a vacclno that
will Insure you against all morbid
thought. When tho load of tomorrow
is added to tho load of yesterday many
men falter on tho way.
"Tho flrst two hours of a day deter
mine that day. If you have been
romping with tho younger Aphrodite
tho night before you -will bo ns bleary
oyed us a fish when you go;, up and the
day will bo lost. Quit tobacco and
liquor. Bright eyes aro tho thing, and
bright eyes never came from tpo free
WILL DUPLICATE CARAVEL.
Harvard Students to Build Replica of
Tho students of Harvard university
havo aekod Cayo Puga of Madrid, the
designer of tho Columbus caravel at
tho Chicago exposition, to sell his de
signs, as they propose to construct a
similar enravel to pass through tho
Panama canal nt its inauguration as a
compliment to Spain. It is proposed
that the ship shall go to San Francisco
Senor Puga replied that ho would pre
sent tho designs willingly without any
Models of the Nina, tho PInta and the
Santa Maria, Columbus' threo famous
llttlo vessels, were exhibited nt tho Co
lumbian exposition In Chicago in 1803.
Panama Radio Station'.
The high power rodto station for tho
I'anama canal will bo croc ted at Cnl
mlto, on tho relocated Panama mil
road, according to Shipping Illustrated,
about midway between tho terminals.
There will bo threo COO foot steel tow
ers, an operating building, a power
building, tho necessary quarters and a
water and lighting system. A 100 kilo
what radio set will bo installed, and a
chain of high power stations then will
bo established In nawail, Samoa, Guam
and tho Philippines.
Produced by Science
SECRET OF LIFE IS FOUND.
How Germs Are Fertilized Discovered
by Physicians They Experiment
' With Sea Urchins and Produced Hy
brid Marino Life Puncture Frogs'
Eggs In Unique Tests.
Professor Jacques Loeb of the Itocke
feller institute, speaking boforo tho
Manhattan Medical society in Now
York recently described some of his
recent experiments in artificial repro
duction by fertilization of specimens
of animal lifo that developed to matur
ity. Professor Loeb excited great in
terest by relating that a female frog,
produced from an artificially fertilized
egg, was found on dissection after ac
cidental death to bo equipped for par
enthood. This frog had reached adult
The physicians followed closely Dr.
Loob's description of his experiments.
Professor Garry N. Calkins of Colum
bia university led tho discussion which
followed. Professor Loeb asserted that
as a result of his experiments he had
not only learned how to imitato tho ef
fect of the spermatozoon in nature, but
to learn tho nature of tho spermatozoon
itsolf and its method of action. He
"Tho egg in nature is only nblo to
develop after tho spermatozoon has en
tered into It Tho spermatozoon calls
tho egg not into life for it had lifo
already but into a now being. The
ijuestion before biology has been,
"Previously biologists answered this
question in the same way that a few
years ago was answered questions con
cerning contagious diseases, by hy
potheses, by guesses. Biologists com
pared the egg to a clock and said tho
spermatozoon wound it. Llcbcg put
his metaphor into terms of chemistry
and called tho spermatozoon n ferment
which set up vibrations In tho egg.
Imitating the Spermatazoon.
"The problem of artificial fertiliza
tion was to do what the spermatazoon
does by simple physlo-chomical moans.
Observation of tho natural process
showed visible changes in the egg
after the entrance of tho spermata
zoon. Tho cntrnnco was followed by a
halo forming about tho egg, called the
fertilization membrane. Wo found
that this was the Important thing in
tho process, not nny change in the
nucleus, as we had supposed.
"Experimentation led to the discov
ery that this same halo, or fertiliza
tion membrane, followed tho applica
tion of monobasic fatty acids, such as
ncetlc acid or biiteric acid. Wo start
ed with tho soa urchin egg, because
that is constant, and wo wanted to bo
able to repeat our oxjorlinents.
"Wo found when wo ndded a mono
basic fatty acid to sea water, in which
to immerse the, egg, that in some cases
nt low temperatures tho egg developed
into a larvae and perished. At room
temperatures tho eggs divided. It was
plain that tho acid alone did not pro
duce a sufficient effect
"To prevent the disintegration we
hit upon a second treatment. Wo took
tho egg from tho acid sea water and
put it Into hypertonic sea water wa
ter to which sugar or salt had been
added. This had tho effect of draw
ing some of tho water from tho egg,
nbout which the fertilization mem
brane had formed, and a great ninny
of tho eggs developed normally. From
this wo drow tho conclusion that tho
eggs needed n double treatment and
that tho spermatazoon contained this
double treatment in exnetly tho right
proportions. All eggs did not form
tho fertilization membrane when sub
jected to tho flrst treatment, a cir
cumstance often embarrassing to the
experimenter. Wo then discovered
that all eggs could bo mado equally
sensitive by treating them flrst with
barium chloride or stronslum chloride.
Marine Life Hybrid.
"Our next experiment was tho at
tempt to fortillzo tho sea urchin egg
with tho sperm of a remote species.
Ordinarily hybrids do not occur In ma
rine life. This is remarkable, as biol
ogists observed, when various related
sea creatures spawn in tho samo wa
ters. Wo succeeded, however, in fer
tilizing sea urchin eggs with starfish
sperm by introducing a certain amount
of nlkallnlty into tho water."
Professor Loeb oxplaincd that the
eggs of frogs were started on tho road
to development by merely puncturing
them , This, ho said, convinced him
that tho breaking of tho outsldo of the
egg was tho important factor, accom
plished in naturo by chomlcal action of
tho sporinatzoon, in his earlier experi
ments by chemical dissolution of its
natural protection. Experiments both
with naturally fertilized and artificially
fertilized eggs', he said, showed that tho
first effect of tho formation of tho halo
wis to Increase oxidization six tlmos.
This oxidization, ho sold, was tho force
which stirred tho cell to development.
Threo Dollar Tax For Not Voting
Every citizen of Utah who is eligible
to vote, but who does not exercise
the right, will bo compelled to pay a
poll tax of $3 under tho terms of a bill
passed by the sonate recently. The
tax applies to women as well as men.
TI10 Laud of Yesterday
If ono could only And the way
Into tho land of ycxterdayt
How I would thrust tho miles aside.
Rush Up the quiet lano and then,
Just when her rosea laughed In pride,
Find her among tho flowers again.
I'd slip In silently and wait
Until she saw mo by tho gate,
And then read through a blur of
Quick pardon for the selfish years.
This time, this time, I would not wait,
For that brief wire that said, Too late I
If I could only And the way
Into tho land of yesterday.
I wonder If her roses yet
Lift up tholr hoods and laugh with prldo.
And If her phlox and mignonette
Havo heart to blossom by their side;
I wonder If the dear old lano
Still chirps with robins after rain.
And If tho birds and banded bees
Still rob her early cherry trees
I wonder If I went thcro now.
How everything would seem and how
But no! not now; there la no way
Back to the land of yesterday.
Don Marquis. In Now Tork Evening
Natives Find Them Useful In Many
Up to thirty years ago few native
newspapers existed in China, while
today as many as twelve are publish
ed in Hongkong alone, about twenty
each in Canton and Shanghai and ono
or more in every large city of the in
terior, says tho Now York Journal.
While Chinese nowspapers wore of
small size formerly and printed hardly
anything but local items, tlioy now
contain an ever increasing number of
business advertisements, including
those of European firms, nnd late com
mercial, technical and foreign news is
also published. About twenty period
icals aro published In China in Eng
lish, French nnd German for tho bene
fit of tho Europeans living there, but
they are all small papers, with one
Tho Chinese aro tho greatest con
sumers of old newspapers in the world.
The official returns of tho custom
house at Newchwang state that that
port alone in 1011 received 1,918 tons
of old European newspapers, valued
It is not at first easy to discover to
what use so much obsolete news can
be put. However, "wo gather that the
middle class Chinese profer newspaper
to tho native variety as a covering for
their walls. It has a greater power of
resistance and nffords a more effective
barrier to the invasions of the vermin
that plague Chtuoso houses.
Moreover, tho natives nro experts at
cutting out of tho newspapers waist
coats, which they wear next to tho
skin. Thope paper waistcoats aro said
to bo tho best possible protection
against a sudden cold snap. In view
of these admirable uses to which Eu
ropean newspapers may bo put, it is
not surprising to learn that tho Im
ports of 1011 wero heavy.
LEGAL TEN COMMANDMENTS.
Vice President Marshall Lays Down
Rules For Lawyers.
In his speech at tho flrst annual din
ner of the Georgo Washington Uni
versity Law school Vice President
Marshall laid down rules for the mor
al and professional guidance of the
young lawyer legal ten command
ments. Hero they aro in a condensed
First. Don't put a foe before a Just
Second. Don't worship money to tho
extent of being willing to write a dis
honest contract in order to get a largo
Third. Be a poocemakcr. That is tho
Fourth. Don't chose ambulances.
Fifth. Honor your profession as your
own sacred honor; therefore do not
seek or confound litigation.
Sixth. Don't accept contingent fees.
Soventh. Use your influence ngalnst
tho system of allowing attorneys' fees
in advance of divoreo cases. Therein
lies tho ovil of tho divoreo laws. When
that has been abolished half the di
vorce cases will bo stopped.
Eighth. Use your infiucnoo to com
pel a person charged with crlmo to tes
tify in tho cause. Tho Innocent man
cannot bo harmed thereby.
Ninth. Take tho part of tho known
criminal, but only to boo that Justice is
tempered with mercy.
Tenth. Don't lnqulro as to your cli
ent's pockotbook before fixing your feo.
ESTABLISH A SKUNK FARM.
Nebraskans to Have the Only One In
' Their 8tato.
J. C. Goodbrod and Ilarve Wood
worth of Utlca, Nob., will soon bo tho
owners of tho only skunk farm in tho
stato of Nebraska and ono of tho few
in tho world.
Tho skunks will bo raised for their
skins, which aro valuable
By a slmplo operation tho scent bag
ran bo removed from them, leaving
Jhern as odorless ns other domestic
animals. They aro oosy to caro for
and will bo confined with a wovon
Wiro fence, tho bottom of which must
be buried Boveral foot underground.
"Cure" Woe Fatal
To euro himself of rboumatism Jo
seph Lofard went to sleep between
tho legs of a circus elephant at Glon
Jean, W. Va., and during the night the
beast crushed him to death.
Zemo for Dandruff
You Will bo Surprised to See How
Quickly it Disappears.
No more dirty coats from dandruff
heads. Zemo stops dandruff. Apply
it any time with tips of Angers. No
smell, no smear. Zemo sinks Into
the pores, makes the scalp healthy,
makes the hair fine and glossy.
Zemo is prepared by E. W. Rose
Medicine Co., St. Louis, Mo., and is
regularly sold by all druggists at ?1
per bottle. But to enable you to
make a test 'and prove what it will
do for you, get a 26ccent trial bottle
fully guaranteed or your money back
at A. M. Leino's drug store.
AUDITOR'S NOTICE. Estate of
Maria A. Hulftern,
Lato of Preston, deceased.
Tho undersigned an auditor ap
pointed to report distribution of said
estate, will attend to tho duties of
his appointment, on
Tuesday, May 20, 1913, 2 P. M.,
at his office in the borough of
Honesdalo, at which time and place
all claims against said estate must
be presented, or recourse to tho fund
for distribution will bo lost.
F. P. KIMBLE, Auditor.
Honesdale, April 12, 1013.
THE TOWER HOTEL is located
are reasonable. 19eoily
Suffering Men & Women. ne.iui i. wealth, u.
.UEHMAN TREATMENT tetb.o.lr Car.
1. Dcie.ime lomoiD.uo. oiid. Allop.l.le.uomoeo.
ptllilfl Kelectle A UoU.le Sriteml of medicine.
ALONU Cure, iltir Other. Fill. Nervous.
Heart, 8toerb, Liter, Rlood, Bkln, Bladder 4
.11 Chronic A Llo.erlo. JlllmenU. Debllltr.lTeat:.
Ben. C.Urrh, Throat, Noie, Open Center. Ilnlldl Up lb.
Broke. Down. Re.toree Ylfftr, Tin. Ileelth. Beceeislal
Ball Treatment. OLD DR. THEEL. Inc. I 7 I O
SPRING GARDEN ST., l-hll..Tl-... 47 Ye."
1'r.etlee. Send for lloofe. . Revel. lion to tb. Slek.
Kxpo.e. Advertising Quacks & Medicine Shark.
"Stickley's Furniture" is Quality
Furniture wears longest.
For this beautiful Princess Dresser In
Golden Quartered Oak. The base is 40
inches long and 21 inches wide. Two
swell front top drawers and one large and
deep drawer. Oval shaped bevel plate mir
ror 28 by 22. Well constructed and finely
finish d. Retails in stores for $18 to $20.
Carefully packed and shipped
freight charges prepaid for $14.40.
Send for our latest catalogue or
"Satisfaction Furniture at Factory
Figures." Free on request
BINGHAMTON, N. TZ".
Soundness of Principle
We Should Like to Have Your Banking Business.
OPEN SATURDAY EVENINGS FROM 7:80 TO 8:30.
HENRY.Z. RUSSELL, President, LEWIS A. HOWELL, Cashier,
"New Way" Air
No Water to freeze. No pipes to burst.
No weather too cold.
No weather too hot.
Less Gasoline More Power.
Have you seen our Reo delivery truck?
It's a dandy. Better look it over.
REO OVERLAND and FORD AUTOMOBILES.
No better cars made for nnywhero near tho price. Place your
order right now.
Better times coming; help it along.
For 'sale at bargain prices: Auto Car Runabout, Liberty Brush
Runabout and Maxwell Runabout.
Get in tho swim and own a car.
E. W. Gammell
THE DELAWARE AND HUDSON COMPANY
aturday, August 2, 1913
Arrange Your Vacation Accordingly.
interest on ail Saving
Vice - President. ALBERT
T MT T TTTTTf TTTTT TTTmm m
- Cooled Gasoline
Safety of Investment
C. LINDSAY. Asst. Canhior
" T-y-TT't ittttl tiliiiii.liAl1. i WlflETTT