Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, MAY 6, 1913.
MOTIVES BACK OF WIDESPREAD
STRIKE OF BELGIAN WORKMEN
Z Unequal Distribution of the
Ballot Privilege Was the
Cause of the Trouble.
rOT In many years has the Bel
gian government faced such a
serious situation as that created
by the great "manhood suf
frage" strike which was recently de
clared and which, according to con
servatlve estimates, called 250,000
workmen from their employment nl
Although the strike had been an
nounced In advance and extonslve
preparations had been mado to offset
its influence, the trouble quickly be
came more widespread than the offi
cials had anticipated and the result In
many districts was a complete stop
ping of all Industry. Suffering nnd
great inconvenience followed as nat
While much has been printed in this
country about the disturbances little
attention has been given to explaining
the trouble back of the great strike.
The Strike Explained.
A concise nnd accurate explanation
of the motlvo was stated as follows by
one familiar with the circumstances:
"The strike Is a protest against the
refusal of the Belgian government to
introduce the now franchise bill em
bodying equal nnd universal suffrage.
The present Belgian house of rep
resentatives was elected on the prin
ciple of proportionate representation.
"That principle, In brief, Is as fol
lows: Every male Belgian who Is twenty-five
years old who has resided one
year in his commune and who is not
legally disqualified has ono vote.
"If ho Is married or Is a widower
with children and pays $1 a year direct
taxation he receives a second vote.
Persons holding official positions, hav
ing university degrees or owning prop
erty worth a certain sum get two extra
votes. No person, however, Is permit
ted to use more than three votes.
"The Socialists want the entire sys
tem of plural voting abolished and de
mand that every Belgian citizen, malo
and femnle, over the age of twenty-one,
be given ono vote, and ono vote only."
A Socialist Movement.
The beginning of the strike was a
Socialist movement. The Catholic
TOnrl:mfin wlm hnvn nrcrn?i!7.ntlftns nf
their own, did not sanction tho strike.
The Socialist leaders announced that
it was to bet "strike xf folded arms"
and that notlolenco need be feared.
In other words, the plan made in ad
vance was to try to paralyze all Indus,
try in Belgium or ns much as would
be necessary to bring about a situation
of extreme gravity.
The strike began nt dawn April 14,
when the night shifts quit tho mines
and mills throughout the country, leav
ing them empty save for a few care
takers told off by the Socialist party
to keep tho property from deteriorat
ing. At least a quarter of a million men
laid down their tools, according to re
ports given out in representative non
Socialist quarters. There were numer
ous exceptions to tho general walkout
in many districts.
The strike was complete In places
such ns the mining districts, but only
partial in tho great seaport of Antwerp,
where tho shipping continued loading
and unloading as though nothing had
Reports from the provinces told of
complete or nearly complete stoppage
of work at Liege, Cbarlerol, Hons, La
Louviere and other smaller cities. At
were 40,000 strikers and at La Lou
vlero 20,000, most of them belonging
to the metal, carriage building and to
Itaoul Warocquo, a deputy nnd mine
owner, declared his intention of sub
scribing $10,000 daily to the strike
Work Stopped at Liege.
Work ceased in tho greater number
l i lit; iiiuunuiui v.uuv,tiuo at ui(b
-r 111. j vrr .1 r0 O KAA
fin it .innii i Him wniiiirt 111 ii.uim
In tho national arms factory at Her-
ital the strike was complete.
All tho coal miners at Seralng, Je-
nutf i lemunu-uruuuu uuu oi. nitu
las stopped work.
Of tho 35,000 coal miners In the Mons
vho kept the machinery running. All
ho manufactories also wero idlo, in-
lulling uiu mucmuu buuib uuu ijuuui
The suspension of work at the coal
lines In tho Charlerol district was
ompleto tho first day, except that suf-
clent men remained at their posts to
eop the machinery in good order and
UUIJ 1'UIUUII ijuii. auv w... uuu-
er on strike nt Charlerol was 50,001
r nr 4H-n.ni uiuuiuvura ill luu vunuus
la Louviere Idle,
Twenty strikers were nrrcsted for in
rfering with workers.
Tho miners' strike at La Louviere
as general tho first morning, not
an beyond those necessary to keep
MOVING PICTURES USED TO
KEEP RECORDS OF CROOKS.
Situation Gave Officials Lit
tle Concern at First, but
Soon Grew Serious.
mines. All the factories closed their
doors except a pottery.
Some attempts wero mado to cut
telegraph wires In tho vicinity.
The potteries in tho Ghent neighbor
hood were all silent, but In the linen
and cotton mills something more than
half tho hands remained at work, ex
cept in two cases, whero all quit. Tho
metal workers also went out, but a few
cement mixers continued work.
Tho strike, which hod appeared not
to affect Antwerp in any way early in
tho morning, set in during tho fore
noon, when there was a partial suspen
sion of work by tho dock laborers. The
movement also extended to other
The stoppage of work nt Tournal
was only partial in tho quarries nnd
coal mines, while at the factories near
ly the full complement of workers
went into tho shops.
Growth of the Strike.
The full force of tho strike was not
felt at Antwerp for the reason that the
steamship companies, forewarned, di
verted so much of their shipping to
other cities that there was little work
to do at tho Antwerp docks. The
strikers also adopted a similar plan
In advance, all of them saving funds
and provisions and those who could af
ford to do so sending their families to
Franco or other countries for n time.
By tho evening of tho third day the
officials admitted that the strike was
spreading and that nt least 310,000 men
were idle. Some estimates put tho
number as high as 870,000. Premier
Broqueville, speaking in tho parlia
ment at Brussels, put the number nt
350,000. Estimates of conservative
journals reduced the total to a few
hundred less than 300,000.
More than 10,000 strikers surround
ed the national hall of legislation, but
there was iio violence. Several hun
dred paraded tho capital without police
In answer to Socialist and Liberal
attacks in the chamber the premier de
clared that tho government could not
yield to threats. When a Liberal dep
uty proposed a national referendum on
constitutional revision tho premier
"When quiet Is restored tho govern
ment will be at your disposal to study
out the question."
Bruges Workers Quit.
The dock strike spread to Bruges,
and 200 men loading tho German
steamer Wlegand stopped work. The
Bruges manufacturers posted notices
calling attention to the impossibility
of filling the orders on hand, as their
workmen wero on strike. They point
ed out that no new orders were com
ing in and that many of their custom
ers were placing their orders abroad,
thus adding to the dislocation of indus
try and increasing tho loss caused by
tho strike both to employee and em
At Antwerp the dock strike extended
to coal unloaders at the Central basins.
The burgomaster predicted that work
at the port would be at a complete
standstill in a few days for lack of
freights. The arrivals of cereals, tim
ber and similar cargo nt the railroad
freight depot rapidly becamo scarcer.
A band of women gathered In front of
tho Socialist co-operative storehouse,
protesting against work being per
formed thero during tho strike. Tho
police dispersed them.
At Ghent 1,500 more men joined tho
strike, bringing the total thoro to 18,
000. of whom 8,000 marched In tho
streets. There was no disorder.
Of tho 208,000 workmen in the prov
luces of nalnault and Namur 103,000
walked out, according to officials.
Philadelphia Tries Out the Plan of
"Mugging" Criminals by Films.
Tho Philadelphia police department
is the first in America, If not in the
world, to give moving pictures u trial
is a means of making photographs for
Its rogues' gallery. The department re
cently arranged with a film mauufac
turlng company for a series of experi
ments, and If exhaustive trials prove
tho "movies" to bo satisfactory they
probably will replace Ihe present Ber
tillon linger print system of Identify
By the system n criminal may be
identified by some peculiarity In his
actions. A notorious criminal will be
made to walk before the picture cam
era so that a good view of him can be
had from all angles. Five feet of film
will bo used for each subject.
After the film Is developed It will be
placed In a motion picture machine In
the detectives' roll room, and tho as
sembled sleuths will see 011 the white
screen before thorn tho man who "act
ed" for the machine.
Criminal identification by means of
motion pictures also is being consid
ered by the Now York police depart
ment. Tho suggestion of such a meth
od was made to Commissioner Waldo
by a man prominent in tho motion pic
It Is said that five feet of film, cost
ing 70 cents, will suffice as a means of
identifying criminals in the future.
With photographs, finger prints and
motion pictures, together with the Ber
tlllon measurements, It was suggested
that it would bo next to impossible for
criminals to escape.
KANSAS VETERANS PLAN
A LAST STATE REUNION.
Meet When Great Memorial
Dedicated at Topeka.
IDEAL HUSBAND DESCRIBED.
Kansas College Girls Tell What He
Must Be Like.
College girls of Kansas have fixed
the standard of the ideal young man,
the possible husband, and the specifi
cations of the paragon nre posted in
College Young Women's Christian as
sociation buildings throughout the
Hero Is tho list:
Height five feet eleven inches.
Weight 159 pounds.
Chest forty inches expanded, thirty
four inches contracted.
Waist thirty and one-half inches.
Must make a good appearance, but
need not bo handsome.
Must be careful of personal appear
ance, but not a dandy.
Must bo jolly, accommodating, con
siderate and a true sportsman.
Must be a good conversationalist,
but not a flatterer.
Must revere and respect tho aged.
Must show courtesy to men and wo
Must not smoke, drink or be guilty
of attendant evils.
Must not sneer at religion or Joke
lightly of it.
Must not recognize n different stand
ard for men and women.
The physical qualifications wero the
averages taken from the reports 01
hundreds of girls of tho state, each
girl being asked to submit tho meas
urements of what she considered her
The nlno commandments for the
Ideal young man were chosen from
hundreds of statements of girls who
wero asked to specify tho require
ments each would make, and the nlno
Items most mentioned in tho letters
wero tho ones taken ns tho average
Ideal young man.
Tho last groat stato wide reunion of
tho veterans of tho civil war living In
Kansas Is being planned to bo held in
Topeka probably In May or Juno of
next year. The occasion will bo tho
dedication of Memorial hall, a mag
nificent mnrblo structure which tho
state of Kansas is building at a cost
of almost ?500,'000 in commemoration
of tho Union soldiers of 1801 nnd 1805.
Tho hall will bo' finished. It la expect
ed, by April or May, 1014. It ha
been under construction two years,
former President Taft having laid tho
cornerstone a year ago last September.
"It is tho idea," said Commander
Harrison, "that all old soldiers In Kan
sas who are physically able to mako
tho trip attend tho reunion next year.
If they cannot afford tho expense wo
will find some way to bring thom."
There are probably 21,000 old sol
diers now living In Kansas. Death is
thinning tho ranks rapidly. Tho aver
age ago of old soldiers in tho state is
seventy-three years. Thousands of
them settled in ICnnsaa following tho
civil war. In tho later soventles, about
fifteen years after tho close of tho war,
there were 145,000 in tho state.
AZUBA J. MANDEVILLE,
Lato of Borough of Honesdalo.
All persons indebted to said es
tate nro notified to mako Immediate
payment to the undersigned; and
those having claims ngalnBt the said
estate are notified to present them
duly attested for settlement.
JOHN E. MANDEVILLE,
Hawley, Pa., March 24, 1913.
PRESIDENT'S SUMMER OFFICE
Government Building at Windsor, Vfc,
Will Bo Used by Staff.
The government building at Windsor,
Vt, will be used for the executive of
fices during tho timo that President
Wilson spends nt his summer home
near Cornish, N. H.
Courtrooms on tho second floor which
are ordinarily used only a few days
each year will bo utilized by the Wash
ington officials, and telegraph compa
nies are making plans for branch of
fices in the building. Thero aro five or
six rooms available for use as privnte
and public offices and telegraph rooms
and for other purposes.
Surveyors recently began laying lines
for the new Wilson road to bo built
from the vlllago to the Winston
Churchill estate, which is to be occu
pied by President Wljson. Tho cost of
the road is to. be bomey the s$ate,(
ASK ANY HOR8C
4 9eM try feafrs aerwfcopo
Tfea Atlantic Reflalng Company
THE TOWER HOTEL is located
directly opposite tho Falls. Rates
aro reasonable. 19eolly
Cure if f
10 and 25 Cents.
If you want the latest news let
us send you Tho Citizen for one year.
600 Years Old
"The Root of Evil" which will
be run in Tho .Citizen soon is worthy
of your attention. It Is one of the
best stories which has been written
in recent years.
Before he knew how
To build the Ark
Don't loso your grip.
Never too old to start a
Pays THREE Per Cent. Compound Interest.
Ono Dollar or moro received at any time.
Tho promise of the leaders to carry
on n peaceable strike was not kept be
cause of tho refusal of the workmen
In some districts to obey orders. On
the fourth day of tho walkout bands
of young men went through tho work'
men's residential district in Seralng,
breaking windows In tho homes of men
who had refused to quit work.
Other bands occupied tho roads lead
ing to tho city and stopped gangs of
men who wero entering the city from
outlying villages with the intention of
going to work.
Even when acta of violence wero re
ported In Brussels tho government ob
stinately refused to yield to tho So
cialists' demands. The police bad a
hard tlmo in tho suburbs of Brussels,
whero strikers bought nippers and
rubber gloves with tho intention of
cutting wires and wrecking electrical
The seriousness of the situation be
camo apparent when officials an
nounced that they were almost out
of coal nnd that tlie stopping of rail
load transportation and tho shutting
down of gas and electric plants seemed
Facing this extremity, however, the
government refused to yield. To all
proposals of a national referendum on
constitutional revision tho premier
"Tho government considers Itself
threatened and cannot yield. When
quiet is restored it will bo at your disposal."
CHINESE SCHOOL IN ITALY.
Teacher Wouldn't Go to China, So It
Went to Him.
Lulgl Luzzati, a former premier of
Italy, recently was asked by the Chi
nese government to bo its adviser in
matters of political economy, agricul
ture and finance.
Ho consented, but refused to go to
China. Being very desirous of obtain
ing his services, tho Chinese govern
ment then proposed to send Its young
statesmen students to Italy if a school
could bo provided for them there. This
will bo done, with Luzzati In charge
of the institution.
of the News
Right Off the Reel
A school of matrimony, called tho
nochschule der Hleratawlssenschaften,
has been established In Berlin.
A young man in Indianapolis recent
ly married his stepmother in compll
anco with a deathbed request of his
A. boy in Anaconda, Mont, was treed
by n mountain Hon, according to dls
patches, and forced to stay up the trco
pa long his feet wero frozen.
Tho navy department has abolished
Iho use of nautical terms such as
port" nnd "starboard" and Is substl
luting terms tho "landlubber" can un
In order to prevent his automobile
being held up by tho Berlin police at
night Kaiser Wllhelm of Germany has
bad attached to the front of each of
his cars an illuminated sign reading,
"God Is With Us."
9 - CHOICE - BUILDING - LOTS
Located NEAR the new GURNEY ELECTRIC
ELEVATOR WORKS on the east side of Wil
low avenue on Young and Tracy Streets.
LOTS Nos. 24, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34
only $75 each
LOTS Nos. 41 and 42
only $50 a-piece
Honesdale is growing fast and these lots, which are most desirably located, on a high, dry, smooth
soil, with a magnificent view, are certain to advance rapidly in value.
NOW IS YOUR OPPORTUNITY
Never again will such desirable lots be on the market at prices practically your own, and on'easy terms
which we are offering.
Carnegie says: "When you buy real estate you buy an inheritance. The wise young man or wage
earner of to-day invests his money in real estate."
SIZES OF THESE LOTS
Lots 21, 20, 80, 31, 32, 33, 31 nro 51 feet 4 in. wide and 100 feet deep nnd fnco Young street,
Lots 41 nnd 42 face Brown avenue and nro 48 nnd five-sevenths feet wldo by 100 feet deep.
Map of lota may bo seen nt our office.
For further particulars correspond with, call or inquire of
BUY-U A-HOME Realty Co.
e macuinery m oruer uoms uiu vud