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THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1913.
NO PROSPECT OF
Count Viite Says Peace. Is
! Assured For Years.
RUSSIA AVOIDS CONFLICT.
Former Premier Reviews Conditions of
That Country and Declares Thoy Are
In Transition, Pointing to Advance.
Says Other Powers Also Aim at In
ternational Quiet and Friendliness.
A review of conditions In Russia and
the prospects for .1 European war was
recently written by Count Serglus
Witte. former premier of Russia. lie
says tlint his country Is on the way to
conservative constitutionalism, brought
about by the better understanding of
the manifesto of 1005.
As for the international sltuatlou,
Count Witte saya Itussla for one does
not desire war. She needs peace too
badly. He says this situation exists
in every other European nation where
economic welfare Is at stake. The next
fwur, he says, will be for colonial con
quests. Ills review, translated from the Rus
slan by Herman Bernstein, follows:
"Russia Is at present in a state oi
transition. We have neither real con
stitutionalism nor real absolutism. In
our political life tbero arc many fea
tures which may be called abnormal.
These hayc been called forth by the
fact that at the moment Russia was
made happy by the throne In the gra
cious manifesto of Oct. 17, 1005, pro
claiming a new constitutional regime,
neither the liberal nor the conservative
parties were able to ponetrate properly
the new order of things.
"The liberal parties did not under
stand the psychological moment; they
did not occupy themselves with prac
tical politics In a constitutional spirit,
but immediately endearored to secure
a parliamentary form of government
(which the manifesto of Oct 17 did not
have in view and which did not re
spond to the actual needs of Russia
at that time.
"The mistake of the liberals, the
blunder of the liberal parties, consist
ed In the fact that by their actions
they drifted far away from the correct
conception of the logic of history.
They failed to realize that history
knows no leaps and bounds. Like na
ture, history does not allow such leaps
and bounds to go unpunished.
"As for the International situation, I
am fully convinced that Russia does
not want any war. On the contrary,
Russia Is very sincerely striving to
ward a policy of peace In International
affairs. The country lived through a
painful war several years ago, and
even if that war had ended successful
ly for Russia she would have needed
the rest which every -victor needs.
"Russia Is now especially in need of
rest, and consequently she is in need
of peace during this period of transi
tion when she is elaborating and
strengthening her now form of gov
ernment Peace Assured For Years.
"In my opinion, the general position
of Europe is such that peace is assur
ed for many years to come. At the
present time a European war would
have assumed proportions compared
with which all wars in the past would
seem but child's play.
"Not n single European power could
desire war in principle when it takes
Into consideration the terrible conse
quences to which such a war would
lead. Every war is a risk, even to
the power that is sure of victory.
There Is no country whose economic
welfare would not bo affected oven
by a successful war. This explains
the pacltic Inclination of the European
"There is no reason to fear a great
European war In the near future.
Such danger threatens us only in the
far east and particularly in those
countries which are outside the pale
of European and American civiliza
tion. Evidently the great powers aro
bent on dividing among themselves all
the lands outside of Europe which
have not yet been occupied.
"The French have taken Tunis and
Morocco, England has taken Egypt,
Italy has taken Tripoli, Germany has
taken Kongo, etc. Austria has annex
ed Bosnlii and Herzegovina. The
great problems of today will bo solved
by the division of tho lands outside of
Europe, and therefore the only circum
stance which may call forth a war
between some of the great powers la a
conflict of interests in tho far east
"The next war will bo ' a war for
colonial conquests. All other ques
tions having a direct relation to Eu
rope will bo only motives for a uni
versal war; but, on tho other hand,
tho general opposition to war and tho
consciousness of tho responsibilities
for tho consequences of such a war to
all participants aro the only guaran
tees of peace. Herein lies tho inner
logic of history.
"The representative of peaceful in
dustry is replacing war. Tho enor
mous preparations for war and tho
terrible power of the European armies
and navies guarantee the calm and
confidence which wo need so badly.
The fear Inspired by these powers is
tho best security of the peaceful cqu
HbriuDj of Europe.
"He who is able to understand all
this sees clearly the Inner logic of history."
WANT WHITE HOUSE RENAMED
One Set of Historians Claim Name Is
a British Slur.
A heated discussion Is raging before
the Columbia Historical Society of
Washington over the common use of
the title "White House" for tho resi
dence of the president of the United
States. One set of dclvors into history
declare thnt tho title Is ono of con
tempt beitowed on tho historic man
sion by the victorious British shortly
after tboy partially burned It In the
war of 18lir.
Others maintain that the name was
given the building In honor of Mrs.
Martha Washington, whose girlhood
home on the York river in Virginia
bore It Already the society Is divided
Into two camps and nn embryonic
movement to petition for tho changing
of the name of the building Is bitterly
opposed by the "pro-white housors," as
they have been designated.
The Khezna at Constantinople
Holds Priceless Jeweis.
GOLD DIVANS SET WITH GEMS
Dr. Young, Permitted to Visit the Re
pository, Says There Were Precious
Stones Enough In Sight to Buy the
World's Largest Navy New Testa
ment Manuscripts In St. Sophia.
The Rot. Dr. Edward S. Young of
Brooklyn, who visited the sultan's
treasure house, gives a description of
some of the contents that rivals an
"Arabian Nights' " dream of wealth
and tells what tho fall of Constantino
ple might mean to tho world at large.
"Constantinople's fall would mean,"
said he, "tho opening up of unparal
leled treasures of precious articles,
archaeological stores and memorinls of
Christianity. By an irade of the sul
tan we were admitted to the Khazna
and saw jewelry enough to buy, I sup
pose, tho world's largest navy.
"There were enormous pearls and
rubles and other gems believod to bo
the biggest known to man. A dlvnn
there taken by Sellm I. from .the shah
of Persia is of beaten gold and set
with thousands upon thousands of
pearls, emeralds and rubles, while in
the gallery of the same room is a
divan incomparably more exquisite and
Muhrad's Jeweled Scabbard.
"When Christian nations were ask
ing for reimbursements of property
lost to our missionary stations at tho
time of massacres of Armenians Abdul
Hamid could have taken tho scabbard
of the scimitar of Muhrad IV. and paid
tho whole bill with the diamonds on it,
and the relic would not have been
missed from the piles of like riches in
"Who can guess tho value to stu
dents of the monuments and tombs and
other antiquities in the museum at
Seraglio Point? Scholars have not yet
been given free access to those, which
appear to me the choicest finds of all
"There is nothing on earth fit to bo
mentioned alongside of the collection
of sarcophagi you thero gaze upon, tho
most gorgeous being spoken of as that
of Alexander the Great
"You read on tho lid that rested
abovo Emperor Tabnlth of Sidon this
Inscription: 'If thou openest my coffin
and dlsturbest mo, mayest thou have
no posterity among the living and no
resting placo among the dead!' Then
you look Inside the glass case behind
and behold Tnbnlth's embalmed body.
Christian Antiquity In St. Sophia.
"And what shall I say of the sacred
remains of Christian antiquity to be
found in the Church of St Sophia,
which was dedicated 1375 years ago
tho 2Gth of this December? Out of it
passed tho Christian congregation, tho
emperor and the dignitaries on May
28, 1453, tho conqueror Mohammed II.
then taking possession and holding the
"Will tho students not find in Its
walls or cloisters or foundations one of
tho fifty mnnuscrlpts of tho New Tes-
. tament and Septuagint mado by skill
ful calllgraphlsts at the order of Con
stantiuo the Great? This Church of
St. Sophia was tho cathedral church of
eastern Christendom yes, of tho whole
of tho then Christendom and whatever
was cherished most of Christian me
morials was brought to its mighty in
closure. "Tho fall of Constantinople would
mean n now chance for the Bible to
1 defeat the Koran. Tho Christians of
1 the Holy Oriental Orthodox Apostolic
I Catholic Greek church (to translate Its
I official tltlo) comprise tho majority of
I the soldiers in tho ranks of tho allies.
Tho war is between Christians and
Moslems, snd tho capitulation of tho
capital of Mohammedanism, seat of tho
sheik ul Islam, would lower tho pres
tige of tho false prophet throughout
tho regions where, taking the three
continents, ho has some 200,000 fol
lowers." Ford's Theater to Be Razed.
The old Kord theater building. In
which President Lincoln was shot by
John Wilkes Booth in 1805. will be
razod in the near future. Tho theater
was taken over by the government aft
er the shooting of President Lincoln
and Is now used for offices.
TO BE REGULATED
Profits of Promoters to Bo
Made Public Is Plan.
MORGAN THINKS IDEA GOOD.
Pujo Probers of Alleged Money Trust
Show How Speculation and Manipu
lation Could Be Killed Interstate
Commerce Laws to B Used on Wall
Street Affairs. I
The questions asked by the Pujo
committee's counsel clearly indicated
tho program of reform which the com
mittee had in mind in Its probe of tho
alleged money trust, in some cases
positively enough to make it practical
ly certain that they will be included
in the committee's recommendations.
There wus one reform of which thero
seemed to be no doubt of the commit
tee's Indorsement, and that was com
pulsory publicity in regard to promo
ter's profits on stock issues listed on
the New York Stock Exchange.
J. Plerpont Morgan acknowledged on
the witness stand thnt such a regula
tion would be beneficial, but he doubt
ed the practicability of attempting to
enforce it. He thought that such an
attempt would result in the orcnnlza
tlon of another exchange.
The committee seemed certain nlso
to make some recommendation looking
to the curtailment or abolition of ma
nipulations of the stock market
Several suggestions have been made
by the committee in the course of the
hearing. One was that members of
the New York Stock Exchange be pro
hibited from executing orders for im
portant operators who are known to
have manipulated the market An
other was that the exchange compel
the actual delivery of the stock at the
New York exchange clearing house.
From what has already developed,
however, the indications are that the
committee itself will not nttempt to
lay down any rules as to how manlpu-1
lation shall bo wiped out but instead '
will impose the duty on the responsi-1
bio authorities of the stock exchanges. .
Will Use Interstate Commeroe Law. I
It is known now that the committee i
expects to make reforms of this char-;
acter possible through dealing with the '
Now; York Stock Exchange as an instl- j
tutlon engaged in Interstate commerce. 1
To compel the incorporation of tho
exchange and to forbid tho transmis
sion of quotations over the telegraph
wires unloss tle exchange adopts cer- 1
tain reforms Is apparently tbe scheme
on which the committee Is at present ,
Counsel for the committee In the
conrse of the hearings thus far has In
dicated nlso that tho Investigators are
seeking somo method of preventing the
flow of money to Wall street during
periods of stringency In the money
market The suggestion has been mado
on several occasions that the limitation
of tho interest to be charged for call
loans might reach this condition, but
obviously this would bo a matter for
Mr. Morgan was of the opinion that
nothing could prevent the attraction of
money to Wall street for speculative
purposes so long m Wall street was
willing to pay high rates. Ho contend
ed that If tho sources in this country
wore closed against Wall street by
usury law tho money for speculation
would be qbtalnod from Europe.
As to tho practice of clearing houses
the Inrostigatlng committee nlso seems
to have some pretty definite views.
It Is practically certain they will
recommend that the state and national
banking authorities have the power to
review the Judgment of the clearing
houso In cases where a member de
clines to clear for a nonmember bank.
There Is strong likelihood also that
tho commltte will recommend tho dis
continuance of the charging of com
missions on tho collection on out of
town checks and also that any bnnk
that Is absolutely solvent and whose
condition is approved by tho state or
national banking authorities shall be
admitted, to full membership in tho
It was learned early that the com
mittee planned to call somo of the
younger members of tho firm of J. P.
Morgan & Co. and to question them in
dotall In regard to certain transactions.
The committee In examining Mr. Mor
tmn sought chiefly to obtain his gen
eral views, and it planned later to tako
up with Mr. Morgan's partners transac
tions on which it Is seeking light
Morgan Disarms Suspicion.
The general impression in Washing
ton, however, is that Mr. Morgan's
frank and forceful testimony has been
a How to the money trust end of tho
inquiry and that the committer from
now on will make Httte progress in try
ing to establish the existence of a mo
nopoly of this character.
It is expected Beveral witnesses will
be called who charge that they have
been discriminated against in their ef
forts to obtain capital for new enter
prises. It Is reported that the Ten
nessee Coal and Iron transaction, Ar
thur B. Btllwell's complaint in regard
to the Kansas City Southern road, Ber
nard F. Baker's futile efforts to finance
a steamship line In opposition to tho
Southern Pacific steamship's interests
and other cases will be taken up. The
eommltteo will not, however, allow it
Ntf to bo made the dumping ground
of b tot of eompkinti nad gtiir tm.
Large Dairy and Hay
GOOD SUMMER. RESORT. .
The Buy-U-A-Homo Realty Com
pany has just listed ono of the finest
and best-known farms In Wayne
county. It is located in tho heart of
the summer boarding business, in
Wayne's highlands. The property
consists of 325 acres and is well
watered both by creeks and springs.
A most beautiful natural lake, con
sisting of 15 acres, Is one of tho at
tractive sheets of water in Preston
township. Ideal for tho location of
summer cottages. The farm le 2
miles from tho Lakewood station on
the Ontario & Western railroad,
three miles from Poyntelle on tho
same road and two miles from Como.
Of the 325 acres 275 are under good
state of cultivation, consisting of
meadows, plow ground and well-watered
pasture fields. The balance are
In maple, beech and birch timber.
This farm Is especially adapted to
raising hay and for dairying.
There are four dwellings and cot
tages upon tho premises. Dwelling
No. 1 will accommodate from 40 to
50 guests. Near this house Is a never-falling
spring for domestic use.
The second cottage contains nine
rooms. Good water. Small barn
near house. Home No. 3 Is a very
good- seven-room cottage furnished
with water by one of the best
springs in Wayne county. Cottage
No. 4 Is near beautiful natural
spring lake, which consists of about
15 acres. Tho above mentioned
places are located in an ideal sum
mer boarding district visited every
year by boarders from Philadelphia,
New York, Scranton and other cltlo3.
Other cottages could be built on tho
border of this lake.
Situated upon tho premises Is a
laundry, coal and wood house com
bined, size 20x60 feet. The second
floor is equipped for holding enter
The barns are as 'follows: Horse
barn 2Cx56 feet, with running water;
hay barn 26x36, with two cow sheds
attached 20x50 'feet. Ono building
with scales and wagon house with
underground stable for cows. One
good 'blacksmith and carriage shop,
with second story for storage.
Chicken houses, capacity for 200.
Barn No. 4 situated near House No.
3, size 30x40 feet, two sheds for cat
tle, with good spring water. Two
other hay barns, size 26x36 feet, and
There are three apple orchards on
tho farm and a small fruit orchard.
The property will be sold for a
reasonable consideration and upon
Buy-U-A-Homo Realty Co.,
Jadwin Building, Iloncsdalc, Pa.
Wayno Common Picas: Trial List
Jan. Term. 1913.
1. Knapp vs. Stlnnard.
2. Skinner vs. Dolsen.
3. Kordman vs. Denlo et al.
4. Conley vs. McKenna.
5. Wilcox vs. Mumford.
6. Hlttlnger vs. Erie R. R.
7. Sllvka vs. Kelsey.
8 Honesdale Milling Co. vs. Kuh
bach. 9. Vetter vs. Columbian Protective
10. Box vs. Columbian Protective
11. Bregsteln Bros. vs. Rid way.
12. Jordan vs. Lake Lodore Imp.
13. Dexter vs. Blake.
1. Selllck vs. DeBreun.
2. Krelger et al. vs. Salem Twp.
3. Krelger vs. Salem Twp.
4. Wayne Concrete S. & C. Co. vs.
5. Cortrlght vs. Kreltner et al.
6. Kreltner vs. Cortrlght.
7. Tuthlll vs. Erie R. R.
8. Thomas vs. Norton Exrs.
D. Gerety vs. Columbian Protective
10. Congdon vs. Columbian Protec
11 Grey et al. vs. Hudson et al.
12 Wilcox vs. Hanes.
13. Laweon vs. Weltzer.
W. J. BARNES, Clerk.
Ijji J it J li ij 11 ji ifr 11 1 ffy J ifr ti 1 ji jti fy, J t.
OF THE NEWS
I RIGHT OFF THE REEL I
New York Swiss club held a banquet
and nobody yodeled.
More baby carriages have been Bold
this year than over before.
Twenty-seven hunters and 15,000
deer were killed in New England this
Woman ono hundred years old In
British Columbia won several prizes
for fancy work.
Emperor William of Germany haB
had a moving picture theater Installed
In his palace at Pottsdam.
A fifteen-year-old boy has been itent
to the Missouri Btato reformatory for
six years for killing a cat
Tho last word In cold storago ntroci
ties comes from Tarrytown, where a
hen lays her eggs in an icehouse.
It Is not exactly a high cost of living
note, but rattlesnake poison has In
creased In price from $2 to $5 an ounce.
Tbe Itev. George W. Grlnton of Ford
ham bolleveu that wivos are entitled to
two nights off a week as much as la tbe
Isaac B. HetUr of New York spent
three days at Hot Springs, Va., tree
ing a toothbrush ho had left In a Pun
Not many records come from Ashta
bula, O., but a young bride who has
just applied for a divorce there has
made ono. She was married at 3:30
p. m., arrived home at 4:80 p. m., and
separated from her husband at BAO
a nu all on the m 3y.
Designer and Man
Office and Works
1036 MAIN ST.
$6,000 Farm for $4,500
If sold within a week
One of the beet farms In Wayno
county, assessed at ?G,000, will be
sold for ?4i600. Farm contains 118
acres of land, 50 of which are cleared
and balance In pasture land, except
ing 20 acres of good young growth
of hickory. Ideal place for dairy
farm. Milk etatlon two miles from
place. Good farm nouse, two barns.
On R. D. Route. Telephone con
nections. Locatea in Berlin town
ship on main road 3 miles from
Remember this farm is assessed at
$6,000. If sold immediately wo will
close the deal at 4,600.
Buy-U-A-Home Realty Co.
Jadwin Building Honesdale, Pa.
CHICHESTER S PILLS
THE DIAMOND BUKn.
lAdlea! Aftk roar DrBcHit for
j-iiu im jtta ana Mell!lc
bo, SMled with Blua Rlbboi.
Tke do tkr. Bar r ynr
DIAMOND KUAN 11 FII.I.SL i oS
jnen known i Best. Sfst. Almjri Rellabl
SOLD BV DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE
Start The New Year Right
Provide the protection you should against
loss by FIRE and DEATH
INSURE TO-DAY WITH
Insurance and Bonding
LIBERTY nAIilj BLDG., HONESDALE.
Consolidated Phono 1-O-L.
No Water to freeze. No pipes to burst.
No weather too cold.
No weather too hot.
Less Gasoline. More Power.
Have you seen our Reo delivery truck?
It's a dandy. Better look it over.
REO OVERLAND and FORD AUTOMOBILES.
No better cars mado for anywhere near tho price. Place your
order right now.
Better times coming; help it along.
For sale at bargain prices: Auto Car Runabout, Liberty Brush
Runabout and Maxwell Runabout.
Get in tho swim and own a car.
E. W. Gammell
JOHN H. WEAVER,
After nn absence ot two years
from Hotel Wayne, during which
time I leased the building to other
parties, I how desire to nnmounco to
tho public that I liaro again Resumed
control of Hotel Wayno where I will
be pleased to greet my former pa
troirfl. Tho hotel Is being thoroughly
renoratod and placed In first-class
condition for tho reception of guests.
Good tablo accommodations. Special
attention given to transients. Stable
in connection with hotel.
REGISTER'S NOIIOE. Notico is
hereby given that the accountants
herein named have settled their respective
accounts In tbe office ot tho Ileglstcr ot Wills
ot Wayne County, Pa., and that the same will
be presented at tho Orphans' Court of said
county lor confirmation, at the Court Houso
In HoneBdiile, on tbe third Monday ot
January next viz:
First and final account of Charles
A. McCarty, executor of tho estate
of Rose Sheeren, Honesdale.
First and Anal account of Mary
Tlerney, executrix of the estate of
Bernard Tlerney, Texas.
First and final account of J. G.
Bronson, administrator of tho estate
of Cortland Brooks, South Canaan.
First and final account of Myrtle
Swingle, administratrix ot the es
tate of J. Lee Swingle, South Ca
naan. First and final account of Frank
Hauensteln, executor of tho estate
of Nancy Hauensteln, Mt. Pleasant.
Second and final account of Alonzo
T. Searle, executor of tho estate of
Maria A. Huftelm, Preston.
E. C. Mumford, administrator of
tho estate of Fannie E. Brown, Da
mascus. Third and final account of H. T.
Wright and John Page Spencer, ex
ecutors of estate of John Page, Mt.
W. B. LESHER,
The Jeweler t
-would like to see you if
you are in the market!
:: for t
j JEWELRY, SILVER-:
I WARE, WATCHES,
I AND NOVELTIES j
I "Guaranteed articles only sold." t
- Cooled Gasoline
JOHN H, WEAVER