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THE CITIZEN. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1912.
NO EXCUSE THIS TIME. I Rude Interruption : "Oh, dad, see what a funny old
Tho Pait Show. That Democratic Suo- ' picture of yOU I've foundl"
ces ana national Disaster Are In
separable. l'"or tlioM! wlio voted Into power a
Democratic low tnrifT ndiniiilstrntloii
twenty years iiro there was tlio excuse
that they hud no lesson of experience
to wurn them from their course. More
thnn Uilrty yenrs had passed since the
enactment of a. protective tnriff, indus
tries were flourishing, wages rising and
tho treasury had a considerable sur
plus. There was n feeling that Cleve
land had not been accorded a fair op
portunity to prove that "a tnrifT for
revenue only" would benefit the coun
try, and while tho issue was still in
tho balance came n desperate labor
struggle, amounting to a locnl wnr. to
Inflame tho public mind and evoke a
demand for Homo action on tho part
of the national government to curb the
power of large corporations. Tho Sher
man lnw, enacted by the Itepubllean
congress and signed by President Har
rison July 2, 1800, was in force, but
its lKiwcrs had not been Invoked, and
its scope had not been determined by
the highest Judicial nuthority. Mr.
Cleveland's supporters nrgued that rad
ical reduction of tho tariff would re
strain corporate greed and prove a cure
nil for economic evils. Mr. Clevelnnd
himself took substantially this ground
in his inaugural nddress.
The facts of history are that tho
tariff was reduced to a revenue basis, !
tho Sherman law remained dorninnt. j Takes Action to Protect United States
capital shrank from Investment, facto- Military 8ecrets,
rles wore closed or ran on short time. For tho protection of the military He
business languished because very few crets of the United States, Presldont
had money to buy. prices went down Tnft Issued an executive order forbld
for tho same reason, tho farmer could , ding foreign vessels to enter the fol
not sell his produce, and hundreds of lowing ports without the special au
thousands of unemployed workers had . thorlty of the navy department:
to live on the savings of former pros- Tortupis, Kin.: Great Ilnrbor, Culo
pcrity or, if they had no savings, on bra; Guantanamo, Cuba; Pearl harbor,
charity. A large number of tho un- J Ilawall; Guam nnd Sublg bay, Philip-
employed formed what was known as . plno Islands.
:rom St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
TAFT CLOSES FIVE PORTS.
"Coxey's army" and marched on
Washington to demand relief.
These ports are American naval
bases. The order declared that thev
Such were tho conditions under tho . were not subports of entry, and should
last Democratic administration, and not be made snch.
the peoplo waited longingly and re
pentlngly for that four years to pass.
Knowing that modified free trade had
proved a failure, the Democrat's offer
ed free silver as their next panacea,
hut the peoplo would have none of It,
It specifically closes tho harbors to
commercial and privately owned ves
sels of foreign register, as "well as to
tho -warships of foreign powers, unless
tho secretary of tho navy sanctions
their entry. Most of tho porta have
nnd when 1890 came Republican rule , been nrnctictilly eloped for some time.
and Republican policies were voted in j but this order formally nnd officially
with a whoop. closes them. Officials declared that
Fifteen years have passod since a 1 there wns no particular reason for the
protective tariff was restored in 1807. 1 action except the general policy of
Under President Taft tho nation has ' guarding nnval secrets,
achieved n height of prosperity far ex- j The treasury department hns notified
ceeding any in the past Every leglti- j nn collectors of customs that importa
mate Industry is active, wages are tions are not to be received at these
nlghor than ever before, nnd the sav- porta.
ings banks teem with thousands of
millions of dollars of the wage earn
ers' money. Tho Sherman act has been
and Is being enforced against OTery
violator, and important legislation has
been enacted for the greater protection
of employees of public service corpora
tions within the Jurisdiction of federal
With the lesson of tho last Demo
cratic administration before the peo
ple a step backward in the samo di
rection wonld have no sensible excuse.
AN OLD CANE FOR WILSON.
Andrew Jackson Cut It on His Form
Ninety Years Ago.
Governor Wilson has been prcented
with a walking stick with a history.
The cane belonged to George W. Oliver
of Portland, Ore., who sent It to Chair
man McCombs to bo given to Governor
Wilson to use until he enters tlio Whlta
House, and then the governor is to
Whn .1lnKfr fnllntvrvl In tl, wnkn nf , UOn(1 11 0Vef t0 th0 HlstOrlcill BOCiety
Cleveland's second election tho plea of i of w2-8,UJiEtta-
ignorance could be offered for tho false
step that had invited the loan four
years of misfortune. A similar plea
could not bo offered In tho future,
should a majority decide to make the
trial of another Democratic adminis
tration. In view of past experience
such a change would not bo from n
certainty to nn uncertainty; It would
be from a certainty of prosperity, in
dustrial activity and good times gen
erally to a certainty of depression, In
dustrial paralysis, general reaction and
privation. "I told you sot" could point
with accusing and unerring finger to
tho costly and painful lesson of 1803
97 whoso moral had been set at naught,
and those who had brought nbout tho
new era of wretchedness could offer
no palliation for their folly.
Happily all signs jwlnt to a contin
uance of tho present fortunate condi
tions under tho guidance of President
Taft, whose sound, sane nnd Impar
tial administration of nffairs has made
these conditions possible. Tho Amer
lean peoplo are not going to make a
change simply for tho sake of change.
From every part of tho country comes
nssuranco that the Republican party
Is gaining in renewed strength every
day nnd will go to tho polls In No
vember to roll up n Hubstnntial ma
jority for Tnft, prosperity nnd progress.
The enno was cut by Anarcw Jhck
hou from the Jackson farm iu Tennes
see. President Jackson gave It to Mr.
Oliver's father. It has thirteen knots
in it to represent the number of states
in the Union at the timo tho cane was
cut. It is a hickory stick with a silver
tip, and Jackson's monogram has been
cut in nnd preserved with nn edging of
WOULD KILL RATS GENTLY.
New Yorkor Protests Against Mixture
That Causes Agony.
Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the
public health service, who hns been
exhorting tho country to war on tho
rat as the conveyor of disease, re
ceived a letter from a New York man
protesting against feeding rats n mix
ture of plaster, flour and sugar, which
hardens in the stomach and causes a
"Why cause thorn to die," tho writer
oBka, "in agony? Neither you nor 1
would enre to die In that way. This is
an appeal for bumano treatment"
Dr. Blue replied tiiat ho would be
glad If nil rats could die a quick and
A NEW FIRING MANUAL
Product of an Army Board's
Months of Work.
The special board appointed by the
secretary of war to revlso tho army
firing manual after many months'
work has completed its report. It con
tains a recommendation for develop
ing marksmen under conditions ap
proaching actual warfaro, with less
Importance to bo attached to slow fir
ing and with a method of rating rifle
men on rapid nnd slow firing.
The new inn mm 1 will probably he
roine effectlvo for next year's work.
"We denounce tho profligate waste
of the money wrung from the peoplo
by oppressive taxation through tho
lavish appropriations of recent Repub
lican congresses, which have kept
taxes high and reduced the purchasing
power of tho people's toll," declared
the Democracy In tho Baltimore pint
form. Whereupon, that Job being out
"The Best Tariff
Speech Ever Recorded."
Extract from speech of Honorable CHAS. 15. LANDIS, of Indiana, printed
in bound Congressional Record, Fifty-ninth Congress, First Session,
Abraham Lincoln mado the best tariff speech over recorded when ho
" I do not know much about the tariff, but I know this much, when
we buy manufactured goods a'broad wo get tho goods and the foreigner
gets the money. When we buy the manufactured goods at homo wo get
both tho goods and tho money."
That is the whole protective theory In a nutshell. Up to the enactment
of the McKlnley law wo sent ?20, 000,000 abroad each year for tin plato.
We got the tin plato and Great Britain got the ?20,000,000.
Last year, and indeed for several years, wo made In our factories all
the tin plate we consumed. In other words, under our policy, Lincoln's
policy and McKInley's policy, wo got both tho tin plate and the money
the American consumer got tho tin plato and the American laborer and
American manufacturer got the money. And tho price of tho tin plate did
Tho draining of this country of money, which is tho caso under low tar
iff laws, is what makes it poor and weak. Tho gold and silver of a nation
is tho lifeblood. Take it away by tho 'million to nav for (roods manu
factured abroad and you sap our nation's strength, Just as you sap an indi
vidual s strength If you tap an artery. Under a law Democratic tariff we
send away our money our blood. Under a Ronubl can nrotectivo tariff
wo aro getting new blood all the time, because, as a rule, tho balance of
xraue is in our lavor. Head the messages of our Presidents back in tho
ilfties and you will see that they tell how, under tho low Walker tariff, tho
millions of gold mined in California wont in one ceaseless current abroad
to pay for manufactured goods. Wo aro now keeping that gold, tho na
tion's lifeblood, at home, where it belongs.
In speaking of having both tho tin plate and the money that went
into its manufacture under tho policy of protection, I called attention to
the fact that the price of tin plato was, at tho samo timo, no higher to
the consumer. American inventive skill and genius and competition al
ways come to tho rescue when tho American manufacturer and American
laborer aro given a chanco by tho protective tariff. Tho gentloman from
Mississippi Mr. Williams contends that tho price of tho articlo that is
manufactured, if protected by tho tariff, is always higher. This assertion
Is absolutely without foundation. Inventive genius and competition almost
Invariably reduco the price. Our oxporionco with wire nails shows how
it works nnd explodes absolutely Mr. Williams' theory. In 1883 there
were no wire nails produced in this country. Thoy were thon soiling at ?C
of the wav tho Domoprnttn mmTOo b- . " " wuuu ii mrui 01 a Keg
ui un. vwij, mo ucmocraiic congress, ...nH Iinip,i ,lnnn ... rn in issi wa Tnnninli to nnn v..
proceeded to pass moro appropriation
bills, producing a net Increase over tho
last Republican congress of $9,533.-201.0-1.
"Whenever wo got desperately hard
up I went back to Perkins," said Sena
tor Dixon in describing tho raising of
funds for tho third term movement.
Very much of tho movement goes back
to Perkins, nnd back of him to his
steel and harvester trusts.
Those political advisers who told
Woodrow Wilson to bring tho tnriff to
the front nro having tho time of their
lives explaining that they didn't know
it was loaded.
Press dispatches say that Candidate
Wilson spent Wednesday at Princeton
revising his speeches. Revising tho
tariff out of them, probably.
tho price dropped to $5 a keg. In 1885 wo manufactured 200.000 kens.
and tho price dropped to ?4 a keg, which was exactly tho tariff duty. In
1880 wo manufactured 500,000 Tiegs, and tho price dropped to $3.40 a
keg. In 1887 wo mannufactured 2,000,000 kegs, and tho price dropped
to $2. GO a keg. In 1899 we mado over 2,500,000 kegs, and tho prlco drop
ped to 12.10 a keg. And all this timo tho duty was ?4 per keg. Tho
avorago prlco in 1902, tlio last available report, -was ?2.1D.
That is an excollont illustration of tho way Republican protection
works. It Is exactly the samo as tho working of tho McICInloy tariff on
tin plate, which built up tho tln-plato Industry from nothing to an ag
gregate valuo of 120,000,000 a year.
Republican protection not only protects, It builds up. It gives employ
ment to American workmen. It secures to Americans tho control of tho
markets of their own country. It affords to American labor a standard of
wages far above tho wages of any other peoplo under tho sun.
But. you ask, why keep tho tariff on if wlro nails aro soiling for less
than tho tariff?
I answer you that wo must 'keep tho tariff on to protect this country
from holng mado a dumping ground for tho surplus products of tho nail
mills of all tho other countries on earth.
Wo need tho protective tariff, first, to onahlo us to build tho factory.
Now that wo havo tho factory running, wo need a protective tariff to pro
tect tho American market and tho laborer who la working In this Ameri
can factory; and wo Tvllicontinuo to need It until tho American laborer is
willing to work for tho low wages pa Id tho foreign laborer. To my mind
nothing Is clearer.
Late of Honesdalo, Pa.
All pnrsons Indebted to said es
tato are notified to mako immediate
payment to tho undersigned; and
thoso having claims against tho said
estato aro notified to present them
duly attested, for settlement.
C. P. SEARLE, Ex.
Honesdalo. Pa., Oct. 8, 1912.
NOTICE U ADMINISTRATION,
L . ... WIU.IAM K'ATZ.
I.ntp of the borotiKli of Ilonesdnlc, County of
1 Wayne, Pn.
' All iiersons Indebted to said cstntonre not!
Ileilto make immediate payment to the tin
(turslcneil ; nnd those hnvlnc claims ngiilnst
tlio paid extnte arc notlllcd to present them
duly attested, for settlement.
t .. MAUDKM. KATZ.Ad'x.
M..T. Martin, m Fourteenth St..
i bcrniitoM. I'll, Honesdale. I'n.
I Att'y for hstntc. 7?Volli
V "j"v uummon l'icas: xriai jj
uct. Term. 1912.
Wagner vs. Wagner.
Knapp vs. Stlnnard.
Skinner vs. Dolsen.
Noble vs. Braman.
Lippert vs. Cortright.
Honesdalo .Milling Co. vs. Ku
Parnam vs. Erlo R. R. Co.
W. J. BARNES, Clerk
A IM'KAISEMENTS Notice is glv
1. en that appraisement of $300
to tho widows of tho following nam
ed decedents havo boon fllod in tho
Orphans' Court of Wayno county, and
will bo presented for approval on
Monday, Oct. 28, 1912 viz:
John Bishop, l'aupack, personal.
Edwin P. Torrey, Honesdale, per
sonal. Ira Ellsworth, Manchester, per
sonal. Chas. W. Orchard, Berlin, personal.
Wm. R. Allen, Clinton, personal.
uuurKo iueyer, icxas, personal.
George W. Butterworth, Sterling,
H. J. Quinnoy, Honesdale: Real
W. J. BARNES, Clerk.
Honesdale, Oct. 3. 1912.
A. HAVENS & CO,
COURT PROCLAMATION. Whereas,
the Judge of the several Courts of
the Comity of Wayne has Issued his precept
for holdlnp a Court of Quarter Sessions, Oyer
nnd Terminer, nnd General Jnll Delivery In
nnd for said County, nt the Court House, to
MONDAY, OCT. 28. 1912.
nnd to continue one weeks :
And directing that n 5rand Jury for the
Courts of Quarter Sessions nnd Oyer and
Terminer lie summoned to meet on Monday.
Oct. 21, 1912, nt 2 p. in.
Notice is therefore hereby given to the
Coroner nnd Justices of the Pence, nnd Con
stables of the County of Wayne, that they be
then nnd there In their proper persons, at
said Court House, nt 2 o'clock in the nfter
noon of said 21st day of Oct.. 1912. with their
records, iiinuislttons.exnnilnntions nnd other
remembrances, to do those things which to
their olllces appertnln to be done, nnd those
who nrc bound by recognizance or otherwise
to prosecute the prisoners who are or shall
be in the Jail of Wnyno County, be then and
there to prosecute against them as shall be
Ciiven under mv linnd. nt Hnnrxtrinin ti,i
3rd day of Oct., 1912. and in the 136th year
of the Independence of the United States
FRANK O. KIM1H.E. Sheriff.
Sheriff's Oillce I
Honesdale, Oct. 3, 1912. S0wl
WHEN THERE p
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and the prices will be most rea
sonable. O. T. CHAMBERS,
Opp. D. & H. Station, Honesdale. Pa.
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