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HOW TO GOT TH
Mayor Blankenlwrg of Phila
delphia Has a Plan,
WHAT HIS EXPERTS FOUND,
OF 2,000 WHITES
ARCTIC COAST i
Railroads Boosted Rates on Local Ship
pers Ho Proposes to Dar Middlemen
From City Markets Will Toko Some
Time to Get Now System Working
One of the first stops which Mayor
Rudolph Rlnnkenhurg of Philadelphia
took after Induction to ofllco was to see
whether or not there was somo way to
roil up tho cost of IIvIiik In Uiat city.
The mayor hold tlint as Uio city mar
kels came within the Jurisdiction of Ills
department it was incumbent upon him
to ascertain why food prices should in
crease when there was no advance in
either rentals or license fees.
The mayor had Director Cooke of the
department of public works undertake
nn investigation. Professor KIur of the
University of Pennsylvania was called
into the conference. As a result a com
prehensive plan has been formulated
to lower prices.
It was found that inadequate transit
facilities from towns within a radius
of forty miles added to the cost to the
consumer and that the middleman's
prollts were far in excess of what they
ousht to be.
Then, while the city can regulate
rentals of Its markets, the state rail
road commission has not the right to
regulate trolley and railroad freight
rates. As a result, the consignee nnd
producer are compelled to pay more to
set their goods to the Philadelphia
market than they would be if there
was an equitable adjustment of rates.
One of the llrst steps tho mayor has
decided upon Is to seek assistance from
the trolley and railroad companies nnd,
falling In this, to have the legislature
give the state railroad commission
power to regulate intrastate rates.
There are trolley lines that have
been seeking the privilege of carrying
freight from suburban towns for the
last three years. The mayor's investi
gators nnd that these companies have
never been allowed tho franchlso that
would bring them Into competition
with the railroads. Director Cooke
says local rates wore purposely kept
high so that the railroads could got
higher rates from shippers from more
So effectual has locn tills shutting
off of Philadelphia from the sources of
her supply, it Is said, that tho con
sumer has leon compelled to pay at
least 20 per cent increase over the
price the producer receives nnd that in
some cases the advance has been aa
high as WS ier cent
Mayor Rlankunburg pointed out that
It was preiKwterous for Phlladclphlnns
to be compelled to pay 32 cents a
pound for butter when the farmer
only gets 19 cents for it Eggs which
sell for 3," cents a dozen here are
worth only 21 cents to the farmer.
The best price he can demand for his
poultry is 0 cents a pound, but tho
man in the market asks 22 cents.
Corn, tomatoes and berries nro sold at
similarly increased prices. Potatoes,
for which tho farmer can only get 00
cents n bushel, are sold in the Reading
terminal market at $1.10.
The mayor's experts have found that
many men who advertise themselves
tiB farmers have stalls in many of tho
City's best markets that they go to
Heading, Lancaster, Easton and Allen
town three days a week, buy up all tho
farmer has to sell, ship it to their own
stalls In Philadelphia and sell it under
nrsumed names with big signs embla
zoning the fact that So-and-so Is a
farmer of Berks, Rucks or Lancaster
The mayor plans to stop this and in
duce tho farmers to bring their goods
to market themselves.
It will take somo time for tho new
system to get in working order nnd be
fore rates for transportation aro fixed,
but tho movement Is well under way.
Increase In American Capital Sineo
1909 Is 4,527 Per Cent.
The enormous Increase In foreign,
espe"lally In American, capital brought
to Brazil hetwecu 1000 nnd 1011 is
shown In a reiort prepared by tho
minister of agriculture. Two Rrazlllan
anil twenty-ono foreign companies
were authorized during tho year VM),
nine Rrazlllan corporations and twen
ty -threo foreign ones in 1010 nnd thir
teen Rrazlllan firms anil forty-three
foreign ones in 1011.
Tho Rrazlllan companies In 1011 rep
resented a total capital of 13,507 contos
of rels, an increase of 2,200 per cent
Tho foreign capital in 1011 totaled
311,518 contos of rels, nn lncreaso of
481 per cent over 1009. Among theso
tho capital of American companies led
with 212,030 contos of rels, an lncreaso
of 4,537 per cent compared with 1009.
Where Meerschaum Comes From,
Nearly all the meerschaum In uso
comes from Eskl Sliohr, In Turkey.
Tho work of milling ia still pursued In
tho most primitive manner with picks
nnd knives. Tho output goes almost
entirely to Vienna.
Discovery of Great Impor
tance Is That Made by
ANKINQ next In importance
from nn ethnologist standpoint
to tho discovery of tho lost
tribes of Isrnel is tho discov
ery made by Professor Vllhjalmar
Stefansson of tho American Museum
of Natural History of a lost trlbo of
2,000 whlto people who nro believed
to bo direct descendants of tho fol
lowing of Llcf Krlckson (I.iof tho
Lucky), who went to Greenland from
Iceland nbout the year 1000 and later
discovered tho north const of America.
The people living on A'ictorln island,
thirty degrees cast of the mouth of
the Mackenzlo river, more tlinn 2,000
miles by the coust line, nro still In
tho stono age. While the civilization
of nearly 1,000 years has grown they
have stood still.
One of the remarkable incidents of
Professor Stcfansson's five years of
exploration is tho fact that he left
his winter headquarters near Ranks
laud four yours ngo with only sulll
clent Hour nnd other cereals to sus
tain himself and his Eskimo associates
for two weoks and enough salt and
tea to last for a mouth. On tlds scant
supply of food ho lived for four years
on the bleak. Inhospitable shore of tho
polar pea, caribou, seal and leaver
furnishing his only meat and clothes.
In 1010 Stefansson returned to tho
mouth of tho Mackenzie river, where
ho was Joined by Dr. R. Anderson, a
former classmate from the University
of I own.
in his trips round tho region at tho
top of tho world Stefansson discovered
thirteen new trllcs. Ten of theso
tribes had never seen nor heard of
white men. Two other tribes had seen
tho members of the Franklin explor
The tribe of whlto people, whom
Stefansson declares nro purely of
Norwegian origin, never had seen
other people of their own color. Their
number is about 2,000. More than
half of thorn have red hair, blue eyes.
fair skins nnd light eyebrows nnd
beards. They live on both shores .of
Coronation gulf, on tho mainland "of
North America and VIctorIn Island,
which formerly wus known ns Prince
Different From the Eskimo.
It was for this peoplo that Roald
Amundsen, discoverer of tho south pole,
searched while making his trip through
tho northwest passage.
Amundsen, It will bo remembered,
said natives had told him of a rnco
of white peoplo living to tho north
ward. He sent nn expedition nlong the
shore of the Island, but saw nothing
of tho tribe, nor did they seo anything
Many other arctic explorers have
brought down from tho north stories
of this tribe of lost whlto peoplo, but
the tale enme to bo regarded na an
Ethnologicnlly, the newly discovered
tribe is entirely different from tho Es
kimo, not only In the shape of the
skull, but In general features, color of
eyes nnd texture of hair. They have
not a single trace of tho Mongolian
While they retain somo of tho cus
toms of the Norsemen who wero lost
from Iceland In the twelfth century,
their method of living is entirely dif
ferent. Tho conditions under which
they live aro of tho most primitive sort.
No vegetation, except moss and a few
stunted willows, grows In their habitat.
They aro meat and fish eaters. Tho
island abounds with caribou and the
sea with Foal nnd other fauna. They
use bows made of willow bound to
gether with sinews nnd their arrows
ore tipped with flint and native copper,
which is pried out of ledges or found in
stream beds on tho mainland. Their
uilves are made of copper, with horn
handles, nnd mndo in much the same
manner as implements wero mado by
tho early Norsemen who Inhabited
Legend of a Flood.
Like nearly every savago tribe thoy
havo a legend of a flood which a long
tlmo ago devastated tho world. This
legend, anthropologists sny, is uni
versal among snvngo tribes nnd there
fore cannot bo regnrded as proof that
this particular trlbo is descended from
Professor Stefansson nccounts for
their oxlstenco by tho fnct that In tho
year 0S2 Greenland was discovered
and settled by 3,000 Icelanders. Ono
thousand of theso peoplo sailed from
Norway and missed Greenland, but
landed on tho coast of Newfoundland,
whero thoy established n colony, built
fourteen churches, two monasteries, a
nunnery and other structures, tho
ruins of which uro still standing.
Theso peoplo crossed to tho const of
America for Umber. Thcro wore no
Eskimos nt this tlmo, cither on Green
land or Newfoundland. Tho Norsemen
settled In two colonies, ono on tho
north and ono on tlio south sldo of
In tho fourteenth century Eskimo
ramo from tho north and exterminated
tho north settlement Their rocord
was complote till 1441, when the black
plague scourged Europo and for two
conturiea communication between New.
Descendants of "Lief the i
Lucky," Who Migrated
foundland and tho old country was
When communication was restored
tho people of the second settlement
were missing. Their graveyards,
buildings nnd other ndjuncts of their
semlclvlllzrttlon wero found. The
theory was formed that tho people had
drifted to n settlement' further west
ncross the nnrrow strnlts, where they
intermingled with Eskimo, whom they
took nlong with them to the island on
which their descendants mnko their
They still uso the lwne needles that
wore invented by their forefathers,
nnd many of their methods of llfo are
similar to those of their progenitors.
Different environment, a more rigor
ous climate nnd n lack of vegetation,
however, havo changed mnny of their
A Migratory People.
They nro a migratory people, never
remaining longer thnn a few weeks In
tho snme place. When they moved
Stefansson and his associates moved
with them. They never live on the
coast itself, nnd it was for this reason
that Amundsen failed to discover
Uiem when he sailed past their island.
In tho winter time they sotUe on the
lco in tho center of n bay aiu! hunt
In the Bummer they go to tlvo center
of tho islnnd, whero they cat the cari
bou which there nbound in thousands.
Once in n great time they enpturo one
of the rare specimens of barren laud
Their houses nro made of snow, with
a roof of driftwood which on rare oc
casions is found on tho const The
stray fragments of wood are highly
Furs furnish their clothing. Their
shoes are cut to come well up to the
thighs. Hero it is met by a kind of
underskirt which reaches to the waist.
The cout is fashioned in nlmost pre
cisely the same mnnner as tho full
dress coat worn at inaugural balls by
their civilized brothers. It cuts off at
a sharp angle Just above the waist lino
and a long tail divided into two pieces
hangs down behind. Tho whole outfit
is strapped together by means of
thongs nnd buttons mado from raw'
hide and bono.
In one place on tho island Profesiite
Stefansson discovered n conical stono
house which bears a striking resem
blnnce to the houses built in Greenland
and Newfoundland by tho Norsemen
who first Inhabited those places.
None of the natives had ever peon a
sulphur match or a rillo. Ono tribe ex
pressed surprise when Stefansson killed
a caribou with n rille at a distance of
more than 1,000 yards. Thoy told him
of n wonderful man who had once
lived in that country who had a bow
and arrow that would shoot over a
mountain and kill a deer or n bear on
the other side.
Traveled 10,000 Miles on Foot
Stefansson traveled on foot more
than 10,000 miles nnd sustnined himself
nnd Dr. Anderson with his rille. Ho
took neither shotgun nor fishing net,
although once In awhile he obtained
fish from natives.
There aro but two specimens of Uio
Rnrron Land lear in the United States.
Stefansson got nineteen. Thirteen
were killed with a rlllo and six by na
tives. They will lo brought down by
Dr. Anderson, who left tho shores of
the arctic on a whaler. Dr. Anderson
also is bringing many other biological,
geologicul nnd botanical specimens.
Tho winter temperature in this lati
tude is about 55 degrees below zero
on an average. Professor Stefansson
and his associate wore woolen under
wear In summer and winter, which Is
nearly all of tho time; wore clothing
they mndo from Uio pelts of nnlmnls
they killed. Pnnts nnd couts wero
mndo wlUi two thicknesses of fur, one
being placed next to tho skin nnd the
other turned outward to meet tho cold
In Uio llvo yenrs ho spent on the ex
pedition Stefnnsson killed nenrly sixty
tons of meat ITo traveled twenty
miles for every one traveled by Amund
sen, Peary or any other explorer and
mapped a largo part of tho country.
Tho maps of tho top of the world,
he says, lire grossly Inaccurate. Riv
ers which nro marked on tho chnrts
havo no existence in fact, nud moun
tain ranges appear whero the country
should bo flat. lie found Amundsen's
maps, however, very useful and gener
Tho Indians In tho region In which
ho traveled provide for themselves
with primitive weniwns. Tho unlimit
ed nnimals, ho says, havo no more
chance against n rlllo thnn a mosquito
would have against a pllo driver.
Scientifically, Uio work was divided
between himself and Dr. Anderson.
Stefansson did Uio mapping and tho
niithroiiologlcal and cthuological tasks,
whllo Dr. Anderson took enro of tho
biological, botanical and geological
HARROVIAN ROADS ANNOUNCE
VAST RAILROAD PROJECT.
To Spend $100,000 000 to Improve the
Ogden and Sunset Routes.
Announcement is made by Judge
Robert S. Lovett, chairman of Uio
Southern Pacific board, regarding bet
terment work, embodying practically
?100,000,000 in Improving tho Ogden
nnd Sunset routes.
Tho betterment project was forseen
by tho Into E. II. narriman, and wns
pnrt of his dream to build up Uio
world's foremost railroad.
Tho northern road into Uio Ogden
gateway will bo taken caro of first,
and when tho betterment work on It
Is completed tho Southern Pacific will
bo Independent of mountain grades in
crossing Uio Sierras, nud will Iks nble
to mnko freight rates on on entirely
new basis to meet Uio Pnnnmn cnnnl
The California lines and tho Sunset
routo will bo Improved nlso, and gi
gantic mlstnkos of railroad construc
tion, lnovltablo In pioneer days, will
bo wiped off tho Southern Pacific mnp.
Within llvo years an entirely now
system, In many respects, will bo
ready to defy Interoceanlc compeUUon.
nnd all Is In accordance wiUi Uio plan
laid down by Uio master railroad
worker boforo his death.
Eventually Los Angeles will imvo n
double track connection to Now Or
leans by tho Sunset route and a South
ern Pacific connection wlUi Uio Impe
rial Valley by way of San Diego.
Estato of Fletcher Gilpin, M. D lato
of Sterling, deceased.
All porsons lndobted to said estato
aro notified to mako immodlato pay
ment to tho undorslgnod, and thoso
having claims against tho said es
tato aro notified to present thoc
duly attested for settlement.
Mrs. Llbblo Gilpin, executrix of tho
estate of Flotcher Gilpin, M. D by
Friend U. Gilpin, attorney.
11S North Ave., West, Cranford,
N. J., Aug. 28, 1912. 70colG.
WANTED EXPERIENCED IUIJRON
PIcco worlc: can mako $18.00 per
week, but nro guaranteeing $15,00
per week of 5." hours. Mnrrlcd peo
plo preferred. Scliauin & Ulillngcr
high-speed double deck looms. Ap
ply by letter only to VIRGINIA SILK
COMPANY, INC., South Richmond,
If you want good Job printing
glvo us an order
At a nicotine nf ihn illrnefnra nf
Mm ItnnflBilnln niM. , . . , ,
juiy zu, iuiz, mo following resolu
tion was unanimously adopted:
"Resolved, That wo recommend
tho stockholders ol tho Honesdalo
.....,,v lu iiii-iuusu ino capital
stock of tho said bank from $75,000
in luuuiuuutu wun ino auovo res-
Is called to convene at tho bank on
Thursday, tho 10th day of Octobor,
1912, between tho hours of 3 and
4 o'clock In tho afternoon of tho
proval or dlsannrnv.il nf thn nmnno.
Note: In thn ovont nf oi.
--- buu n,ua-
holders approving tho Increase nr
luuumuienueu, ino Hoard of Dlreo
fnrn will fW tltn n.lnn r ... 1. 1 .
-" ..... ..a buu Him iul 1111:11 inn
RENJ. F. HAINES,
Honesdalo, Pa., Aug. 5, 1912
How many nies havo you got?
HELD FORTUNE MANY YEARS.
Experiments With Cottonseed Meal.
Experiments mado in Canada showed
that whllo cottonseed meal Increases
milk producUon, Uio total yield of fat
Now Wants Court to Tell Him What
to Do With $480,000.
Renezct A. Hough of Dnnbury, Conn.,
wants Uio superior court to toll him
what to do with some flSO.OOO that has
been in his possession for many years.
He is administrator of an cstnte which
ho has not reported for twenty-one
years, according to his own admissions,
nnd yet ho lias boon drawing $3,050 a
year from it.
Rack in 1S72 Uio Mississippi, Ouat
chlta and Red River Railroad compa
ny was given 250,000 acres of land by
Uio state of Arkansas. Tho railroad
issued $8S2,000 worth of Iwnds nnd
protected them with Uio Arkansas
land. In 1877 the bonds were default
ed, and Uio bondholders foreclosed on
Then Jarod E. Redflcld of Essex, a
partner of Jay Gould, camo along and
mado a contract wlUi Uio bondholders
to buy up tho land in Arkansas at 50
cents nn ncre.
That was in Jimp, 1SS2. In 1SS9
Jnred E. Redfield died, nnd Renezct A.
Hough, whoso wife wns Mrs. Redfield's
sister, wns made executor. Many If
not nil of tho bondholders died, nud the
lnnd wns forgotten.
Send Tho Citizen tho news.
6. WHITE AXE
A few good seconds can be obtained at
w mm n w r w n m la - o Ba m. tvm - v
.w luuiuijr, baa nuncaudic, ranging in price
irom 4uc. to be. each. Geo. m n p w i i m n o
The Leading Financial Institution of Wayne County
ft Cr&BBrBl Q 2 MB rone: Plonlr
Capital Stock ?200,000.00
Surplus and Profits 350,000.00
Total Capital 550,000.00
We aro pleased to announce to ou r CUSTOMERS and FRIENDS that
by tho increase of our CAPITAL ST OCK to $200,000.00 wo havo tho
""teal v.ii-iiaii6iiiiu. oi any u anit in tnis sHUTlOX.
W. R. HOLMES, President H. S. SALMON, Cashier
A. T. SDARLE, Vice-President W. J. WARD, Asst. Cashier.
W. R. HOLMES A. T. SEARLE H. J. CONGER
T. R. CLARK C. J. SMITH F. P. KIMBLE
W. F. SUYDAM H. S. SALMON E. W. GAMMELL
J. W. FARLEY
July 15, 1912.
AN IDEAL HOME FOR YOU
With all modern conveniences located
in one of the finest and healthiest sec
tions of Honesdale.
Don't Worry About Getting a Home
Let the fi6Buyuahom5S Realty
Company worry for you.
Information cheerfully given
Drop a postal to P. O. Box 524, Honesdale, Pa,,
and we will tell you all about this unusually
LIST OP PROPERTIES IN HONESDALE, PA.:
Vacant lots at Blandln; 1 dwelling houso on Park street, Honesdalo;
1 dwelling houso on Court etreet, Honesdalo; 2 dwelling houses on
East Street Extension; 1 dwelling houso and vacant lot on 10th street;
1 dwelling houso on 13th street; 1 dwelling houso on 17th etreet. Also
farms, hotols, and business properties.