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THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21, 1912.
MILLIONS SPENT TO GET
l lilted State Itlvots Hotter Adapted
Tlmti Foreign St renins.
Philadelphia, Aug. 20.
To show the rare natural advant
ages possessed by this port for mak
ing it one of the greatest along the
Atlantic seaboard through future de
velopment, Director George W. Nor
rls, of the Department of Wharves
and Docks, has had some illumina
tive facts and llgures compiled, show
ing the tremendous dllllculties tinder
which most European ports have had
their growth, and how, by the liber
al expenditure of millions of dol
lars, they have been made the most
prosperous ports In the world, re
paying many times over the cost of
"Were It generally known here
what tremendous obstacles have
been overcome abroad," said Direc
tor Xorris, "I believe there would bo
a more general appreciation of our
own natural advantages and a much
stronger tendency to reap the full
benellts thereof. I venture to say
that the average man is not aware
that the Schuylkill river, which is
but a secondary stream to this port,
is considerably wider and deeper
than many European rivers which
have been made the channels to
some of the finest artificial harbors
In the world."
In illustrating a somewhat simi
lar argument recently, Director N'or
ris pointed to the Port of Hamburg,
where upward of $125,000,000 has
been spent since 1SS0 in channel
dredging and port and harbor im
provements, ana from a narrow,
twisting stream of six-and-a-half feet
depth at low water and thirteen feet
at nigh, the River Elbe has been
dredged since the early forties to a
depth or twenty-six feet at low wa
ter, and thirty-two feet at high tide,
the total expenditure for channel
dredging alone having been more
than twelve and a half millions of
Because of the narrow channel of
the Elbe, it was impossible to follow
he cheaper methods employed here
of building piers out into the
stream, and instead it was necessary
to cut great basins or artificial lakes
inland In the making of two of
these basins 1,000 property owners
were expropriated and 2-1,000 per
sons made homeless.
To-day the harbor front is almost
entirely publicly owned, as indicated
by the fact that out of 5.7G1 vessels
docking at Hamburg In twelve
months, only 36 used piers private
ly owned or held under private
The River Clyde, on which the
great shipbuilding interests of Glas
gow are centered, and the River
Srhe.de which is the channel to the
Port of Antwerp, form even better
examples for comparison with our
Schuyiklil on which almost nothing
nas oeen spent in improvements,"
said Director Xorris.
The Clyde, Director Xorris pointed
out, is so narrow that the large ves
sels constructed there have to be
launched sidewise to prevent their
bows being stovo in upon the oppo
site shore Its tides make it a dim.
cult stream to navigate, and its de
velopment has been at tremendous
expense, yet it has become one of
tne most important commercial
streams in the world, the channel tn
the most important shipbuilding in-
uusrries or Europe.
The natural difficulties which con
fronted Antwerp in her efforts to pro
cure a navigable channel to the sea
of sufficient depth to accommodate
modern draft vessels were greater
than those of Glasgow or Hamburg.
Antwerp, with a population of only
2G2 OuO, has already expended 545,
000,000 upon port and channel im
provements, and the projects nuder
way -a 1 for the spending of ?50,
000 ouo more As a result of the
way Antwerp has made expenditures
on port and harbor improvements, on
rher dredging and pier construction,
It is today one of the leading ports
Dykes had to be constructed
which now keep the surface of the
Schelde on a level with the roofs of
houses along its course. It too, was
a stream so narrow that pier con
struction was utterly out of the
question Large and expensive ba
sins had to be dug Inland, and a sys
tem of canals laid out to permit of a
continuous course about the docks on
the basins for the Schelde is so
narrow at Antwerp that the average
ocean ..ner cannot turn in the
stream Yet by dredging and dyk
ing the river has been given a depth
of from 30 to 35 feet, permitting the
deepest draft ships to make the port.
KDIC.AXOHS TO MEET.
country life movement In connection
with tho National Congress of Moth
ers; Supt. S. L. Hector, of Pitts
burg; Dr. J. B. Richey, of McKccs
port; Supt. J. H. Van Sickle, of
Springfield, Mass. Other prominent
speakers will appear on the pro
gram. Hon. Henry Houck, Secretary of
Internnl Affairs, and for forty years
Deputy State Superintendent of Pub
lic Instruction, will welcome tho
teachers on this occasion.
COL'XTKY'S COAI, OUTPUT IS
HAM' A IMMilOX TONS,
Pemmyhiinia State Educational Asso
ciation Will Hold its Sessions in
HuiTisliui'K Dec. lid, 527 and 28.
TOc- is xt v -( hi rd nnniinl sosslnn nf
" -... w . ... ..1,1 1 ill
ouone -j' the preliminary program
has tjc-en bi-nt out by tho President.
r. .... t. ... . v .i - . .,
ii iivn UL'imrLiiif.nr w to tnnrin n
tho program arrangement for this
year ha- h of the donartments will
be io barge ot one of the general
sessions of tho association. This
will insure a larger measure of Inter
est in -he department work.
mong the ionics to receive snec-
lal onL.jeration are: First, tho
Rurai S li-jui and Country Life
Problem Si-iond, tho Course of
Study and us Adjustments. Third,
Phys'. ai and Vocational Education
and 'heir Relation to Modern Ufe.
In addition to these general lines
along whii h tho program will bo ar
ranged and in which the child is
the centra! thetno, there will bo dis
unions on teachers' qualifications
ind remunerations, including tho
subject ot iicnsions and retirement
Among those who hnvn ni
onsentcd to take part in tho ineet
ng are Edward Howard Griggs, au
hor and lecturer, of Now York city;
President Anna J. McKeag, of W"H-
uu uuijl'ku; vin. a. .Mciveover, au
hor of "Farm Boys and Girls." of
Production in 11)11 Close to Record
for 1IMO Value of the Product
is !?(l'J.-),il(),t lit.
The United States has become a
half billion ton coal country. Dur
ing the last two years tho total pro
duction has averaged just n trifle
short of the 500.000,000 mark, ex
ceeding that figure In 1910 and al
most reaching it in 1911. It is con
sidered probable that in tho future It
will bo a bad year whose production
falls far short of this quantity. The
final figures of production have been
compiled by Edward W. Parker, tho
government coal statistician, and are
discussed by him in a statement Just
issued by tho United States Geologi
cal Survey. They show a total pro
duction in 1911 of 49C.1SS.30S short
tons, valued at the mines at $G25,
910,113. Of this production Penn
sylvania anthracite amounted to 90,
464,007 short tons, valued at ? 1 74,
952,415, and bituminous coal and
lignite to 405,724,241 tons, valued at
$450,957,G9S. The decrease in pro
duction in 1911 was 5.40S.070 tons,
or a little over one per cent, in quan
tity, and $3,G4G,90S, or a little over
0.5 per cent., in value. The decrease
is attributed by Mr. Parker wholly
to the depressed condition of the
iron and steel trade in 1911, which
was rellected in the decreased pro
duction of coke. The three leading
coke-producing states alone showed
an aggregate decrease of nearly 9,
000.000 short tons of coal.
The decrease In the production of
bituminous coal compared with 1910
was 11.3S6.901 tons, but this loss
was largely made up by tho increase
in the production of anthracite,
which was 5.97S.S31 short tons
greater than in 1910.
The average price for bituminous
coal was one cent a ton lower In
1911 than in 1910 and that on an
thracite was three cents higher.
The total number of men employ
ed in tne coal mines of the United
States in 1911 was 722,322, of which
172.5S5 worked in the anthracite
mines of Pennsylvania. The average
number of days worked in the an
thracite mines was 246 and In the
other mines 211. The average pro
duction per man. was three and one
half tons a day in the bituminous
and lignite mines and 2.13 tons a
day in the anthracite. The time lost
by strikes in 1911 was insignificant.
The production of bituminous coal
in Pennsylvania in 1911 was 5.S00,
223 short tons less than in 1910, the
decrease representing almost ex
actly the decrease for the year in the
entire United States. In this state
144,721,303 short tons of bitumin
ous with a spot value of ?i46,311,
390 were produced in the year.
DESTHOY1XG THE HAIUMEHS.
The following extrnrt from fnn.
gressman Alney's speech of July 13
Is taken from the National Dairy
Union Press Bulletin:
Accordlnc to tho ml
from the bureau of the census (May
6, 1912) 1,G20,76G,000 pounds of
butter were nrndnrpil ilnrlnu- tho
census year 1909, valued at $405,
000.000. of which flGfi nnn nnn
pounds were produced on farms and
cue uaiance in co-operative and oth
er factories. For tho census year
1909. tho cheese nrnilnrtlnn nmmint.
ed to approximately 320.000.000
nounds. valued at nhnnt S45 r.nn .
000. In 1909 there were 21. 720.000
milch cows valueil at t,7(? fur. nnn
These taken In connection with the
vast acreage, buildings and equip
ment employed, designate this indus
try as second to none in importance.
Anv comnetlti fin. nn mnttnt Tinw
honest, or otherwise legitimate, cal
culated to depopulate the farms or
urno tne iarmer into other lines
Of activity, would result I
When, thereforo. this
asked to pass measures subjecting
butter, the most important dairy
prouuet or tne tarni, to unequal and
unfair competition at the hands of
a so-called cheaper substitute, and
to confer upon that substitute, by
law. the richt to clntho itooif tn tho
well-known garb and habiliments of
uutter, i propose to object and
to proclaim it a departure from the
Government's avnwcui nnlinv nf fcoir,.
fulness to agriculture and violative
oi tno nrst principles of common
honesty and fraught with danger.
When it is proposed to permit the
manufacturer of oleomargarine not
only to color his product in imita
tion of butter, but tn mlr u-iti, it
sufficient quantity of genuine butter
to import tho real butter taste and
appearance, all barriers aro destroy
ed. Man's elemental senses, given
him for the purpose of protection
and discrimination, nrn t
against deceit, for neither sight.
smell nor taste will distinguish it.
Starrucca, Aug. 17.
Mrs. Kate Brown and family re
turned this week after snendinir
their vacation at Rochester.
Tho following were guests at
tho home of Angus Smith and W. A.
Crossley: Mrs. J. W. Young of Al
bany, N. Y., Julius Young of Sea
Breeze, Florida, and Mrs. L. Smith
of Blnghamton, X. Y.
Helen Houser of Taylor, snent the
week-end with Mrs. James Doyle.
neien and Jsabello Bloomer are
guests of Mrs. Fred Erie.
Charles Ingham and family of
Moscow, Harry Mumford of Scran
ton, and Sherman Taylor of Niagara
Falls were guests of W. W. Mum
ford and family.
Dorothy Rogers, of Bincharaton.
was tho guost of Laura Crossley this
Gwendolyn Crossley is In Now mm.
W. A. Crossley Visited tho Parlor
RAILWAYS CLEAR LESS
MONEY, REPORT SHOWS.
Their Net Operating Revenues Fo
May Chow 5.S Per Cent Decline.
Tlio continued decrease In railroad
prusicrity as far an earnings are con
cerned in shown in tho lntcst report
from tho bureau of railway economics.
This Is maintained jointly by most of
the important lines nnil has at its com
mand data referring to nearly every
mllo of steam railway In the United
Its latest report covers the month
of May nnd shows tli.it tlio net operat
ing revenues of tho railways declined
r.r icr cent per mile of lino ns com
pared with May, 1011, and tliat for
May. 1011, was 1.S per cent less than
for May, 1010. This is the salient fact
of tike monthly summary of tho bureau
of railway economics, compiled from
Uhj reiKirts of tho railways to the In
terstate commerce commission.
The total operating revenues were
$22tl,100,'Jfi2, an Increase of S7 per
mile of line over May, 1011. Tiro op
erating expense's were $101,303,077, nn
Increase of $2-1.20 per mllo of fine,
while tlio net ccratlng revenue was
$01,7 -10.5S.", n decrease of $17.23 per
mile of line. Taxes amounted for thc
monUi to $0,8)7,301, or $43 per mile,
nn increase of 0.2 per cent.
Tlie Increase In not operating reve
nue In the eastern group of railways
niiKwntod to 11.0 per cent In tho
southern group there was nn increase
of 0.1 per cent and in tho western
group loss than 0.1 per cent
Tho aggregate net operating reve
nues for the eleven months of the fiscal
rear and for tho five months of tlw
calendar year, when measured per
mile of lino, show a decrease In com
parison with tho corresponding peri
ods of last year.
CABARETS IN BIRDLAND NEXT.
Lecturer In Chicago Talks of Ragtime
and Opera In Feathers.
Ilenry Oldys, formerly of tho United
States biological survey, in a lecture
at the University of Chicago talked of
tho "aestlictlc sense" of birds.
"Birds dance In the air, do 'highland
flings' and the more sedate evolutions
with the most ierfect rhythm," said
Oldys. "They sing a 'bird ragtime' and
at other times snatches of song which
greatly resemble our grand opera.
"There Is a blackbird that has a song
almost parallel to a "Wagnerian opera;
the robin is best in so called popular
songs, while the wood thrush sings a
song of four distinct verses.
"Like tho human being, birds flirt
and aro filled with vanity. In this ca
pacity they use their plumage with
great effect. In tho Kongo there Is a
male bird that struts before Its mate
nnd poops under its wing to seo If she
Is looking at him."
Tho speaker concluded with tho state
ment that birds sometimes copy from
man nnd that man could learn n great
deal by copying from tho bird.
LIGHT BUOYS FOR THE CANAL
Automatic In Operation, They Are
Lighted When a Cloud Passes Ovor.
A contract for fifty-seven buoys to
mark tho channel of the Panama ca
nal has been awarded by the canal
commission to tho American Gas Ac
cumulator company of Philadelphia
for about $103,000.
Tho light will bo generated from
powdered acetylene, and, It Is said,
tho material In each buoy will not
need to bo replenished for a year.
An nutomatic "sun valve" will con
trol tho light A strip of motaL dark
ened to retain heat Is connected with
tho valvo admitting gas to tho burner.
Tho adjustment on tho strip of metal
and tho valvo is bo fine that the
sliadow from a passing cloud will cool
tho strip to such an extent that tho
valvo is opened and tlio beacon lighted.
Tho least fog will causo tho light to
burn. When lighted tho buoys can be
seen eleven miles.
FIND DINOSAUR 65 FEET LONG.
Scientists Uncover Fossil at Rocky
Tho fossil vcrtebrao of a dinosaur
which in life probably exceeded slxty
flvo feet In length are being carefully
removed from the sand rock at the Jen
sen quarry, near Hock Springs, Wyo.
Tho remains of two smaller dinosaurs
aro being uncovered at the same time,
but these crumble as quickly ns they
aro exposed to tho air.
Eighty of tho vertebrae of the giant
reptile have been uucovered with but
little damage to them. They Include
tho lower part of tho neck and tlio up
per part of tlio tall. At the hips tho
vertebrae are a foot in length.
Four dinosaurs have been uncovered
in tho Jensen quarry, which Is becom
ing ono of tho famous fossil fields of
tho state, rlvnling tho world famous
ones near Itock river and in Converse
New Bicycle Lamp In Holland.
A now electric bicycle lamp has been
introduced In Amsterdam, for which
electricity is generated by tho opera
tlon of tho bicycle. A small wheel at
tached to tho shaft of tho dynamo
rests on tho front or rear wheel of tho
bicycle, making many revolutions for
each ono mado by tho larger wheel.
When tho lamp Is not needed tho little
wheel can Ixj net free from tho bi
cycle wheel by a lever. A very now
erful light Is obtained at a speed of
fifteen kilometers (0.32 miles) nn hour,
bat sufficient light is obtained at even
STOCKINGS OH XO BATHING.
Atlantic City. Since stockings
were added to tho things they hnd
to look out for tho bathing beach
Ufo guards were recent objects of
suspicion to every woman bather.
Life for tho bathers was made In
teresting when Director of Public
Safety Bartlett ordered that bathing
suits must bo covered while women
were on their way to the water.
Bartlett followed this up with an
order that bare-legged bathers
would bo barred.
How many nies have you got?
in your family you of course call
a reliable physician. Don't stop
at that; nave his prescriptions
put up at a reliable pharmacy,
even if it is a little farther from
your home than some other store.
You can find no more reliable
Btore than oure. It would be im
possible for more care to be taken
in the selection of drugs, etc., or
in the compounding. I'reecrip
tions brought here, either night
or day, will be promptly and
accurately compounded by a
competent registered pharmacist
and the prices will be most rea
sonable. O. T. CHAMBERS,
Opp. D. A II. Station. Honesdale. Pa. jj
At a meeting of the directors of
the Honesdale Dimo Bank, hold on
July 25. 1012, tho following resolu
tion was unanimously adopted:
'Resolved, That wo recommend
tho stockholders of the Honesdalo
Dime Bnnk to Increase the capital
stock of the said bank from $75,000
In accordance with the abovo res
olution a meeting of the stockholders
is called to convene at the bank on
Thursday, tho 10th day of October,
1912, between tho hours of 3 and
1 o'clock In the afternoon of tho
said day, to take action on tho ap
proval or disapproval of the propos
Note: In the event of the stock
holders npprovlng tho Increaso as
recommended, the Board of Direc
tors will fix tho price for which tho
said stock shall be sold at $200 per
BEXJ. F. HAINES.
Honesdale, Pa., Aug. 5, 1012.
Head The Citizen.
Designer and Man- I
Office and Works;
1036 MAIN ST.
4 -f 4 -r -r 4 4-f 4. -
! Look Who's Here, Folks !
THAT WAYNE COUNTY CELEBRATION
Honesdale, Pa. Tuesday, Wednesday and
Thursday, Aug, 27, 28, 29
Three great big gala days Stupendous reward Is offered to
the Individual or organization or relatives of said person or
party, that can discover a dull moment during the three days.
HERE'S HOW YOU'RE ENTERTAINED i
TUESDAY Aug. 27
CIVIC AND GRANGE PARADE
,Prj?e of $10 casn ls offered for the best decorated
Prizes of $15 cash and second prize of $10. cash
is offered by the Business Men's Association for the
best decorated Grange float; in addition to the above
offer the Wasburn Crosby Co. through the Wayne Mill
ing Co. offers a sack of Gold Medal Flour for every
Grange, that enters the parade with a float.
For the best derorated carriage driven by a lady in tho
parade, two prizes: The first a Cut Glass Candelabra; second,
Cut Glass Vase.
WEDNESDAY, AUG. 28
FIREMEN'S DAY: Eight visiting and all the local
companies witn tneir bands in line.
Hose laying contest for visiting fnmnnnfo
v-ui uiass wine set.
Best Drilled visiting company in line of parade:
THURSDAY, AUG. 29
AUTO PARADE. Over two hundred
autos in line.
Prize of silver loving cup for the most original trimmed auto.
Also cut glass vase for most artistically trimmed auto. Prize
of Cut Glass Tunkard Jug for best trimmed auto driven by a
Prize of $10 cash Is offered by the executive committee for
the best decorated building front.
Excursion rates on the D. & H. with midnight trains leaving
Music during the three days by Honesdale band. Maple City
Fife and Drum Corps and Jenkins' Boy band. Friends, if you
miss It you are going to have a grouch for days to come.
E3H 0S3EB0I3H0 E B E 0 0 H 13 0 EE EEBEHQjjtjhh
5 Cents E
Contains the first 30
I lessons published
Mailed to any ad-
I dress in Wayne or ad-
I joining Counties upon
I receipt of 6 cents.
nwwiir it v irnn i "rvvrvm
I CITIZEN PUBL
Missouri, head of tho school ' and
City this week.