Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 8, 1912.
- OF LOCAL INTEREST 'fc) -
WAYNE COUNTY FARMERS
Farmers, Do Not l'lnnt Imported
Thero la great dnnger of dlscaso
hnd loss of crop In planting Import
ed potatoes for seed.
Because of a shortage In tho
Amfcrican crop last year millions of
bushels of potatoes havo been Im
ported from Europe.
In many potatoes grown In Europo
thero arc potatoo diseases that are
more dangerous than any we now
liavo In this country.
Even with tho careful and ex
pensive methods of cultivation and
disease prevention used by tho farm
ers of Europo theso diseases cause
If theso diseases get In this coun
try they will result In tremendous
losses to American potato growers.
If no imported seed is planted it
may he possible to prevent their in
troduction. Somo of the diseases In question
will live in the soil for years, and af
ter introduced the only way to erndl-
I rntn thorn Is to Rton crowlnc pota
toes and put the land In pasturo or
other crops for flvo or ten years.
Once Introduced, It is probable that
American soils would never bo free
from theso diseases.
Some of the worst European pota
to diseases liable to 'bo imported
are: Potato Wart or Black Scab,
Spongospora Scab, Black Leg and
Theso are described in Circular
No. 93, Bureau of Plant Industry,
Department of Agriculture, Wash
ington, D. C. Write for it and ask
for any further detailed information
THE USE OF DVXA.MITE OX THE
W hy plow around that old stump
another reason? Get a little dyna
mite, bore a few holes In its old
roots and 'blow it to smitherines.
Mr Farmer, do you know that an
old stump occupies as much ground
as six hills of corn? The corn from
.six hill Mould in a few years pay
for enough dynamite to blow out
many stumps and boulders.
When cut-over land, which Is
covered with stumps and boulders,
can be cleared, and turned Into
farms at a proilt, it is hard to un
derstand why anyone should let
ctuinps and boulders take up valu
able land, plowing around them year
after year. A lot of time is. wasted
swinging around even a few stumps
and boulders when plowing a Held,
to say nothing of the damage to
plow, harness and team if a root is
etruck. Besides this, each medlum
Bized stump, with Its spreading roots,
or even a comparatively small
boulder, will take up tho space of
many stalks of corn or of other
One suggestion which should bo
tnniln tr tlii-icri i li r Tin InnI i-v silnn.
is Always do your stump blasting,
if possible, when the ground Is wet.
Almost every kind of ground when
It Is wot, offers stronger resistance
to the action of dynamite than It
does when It Is dry. Therefore,
when tho ground is wet a stump or
boulder can bo blasted out with less
tlynamlto than when the samo
Ground is dry.
Ono of tho most objectionable
methods of trying to get rid of
Btumps is burning them out. When
Btumps havo been blasted out and
6plit up with dynamite, it Is an easy
matter to heap up tho pieces and
burn them, but to burn a standing
stump is a difficult proposition.
Those who havo tried It can testify
to tho time spent in keeping the Are
eolnc. and that it is nractlcallv Im
possible In this way to get rid- of
roucn of tho stump below tho sur
face of tho ground. Probably the
worst feature of burning out stumps
Is tho damage done to the ground
by tho lire, which burns out tho
humus to such an extent that it re
quires much cultivation to bring tho
Kround whero tho stump was burn
ed into good condition. Tho follow
ing from tho Tacoraa, Washington,
Ledger, explains very clearly tho
damage dono to new land by burning
Last summer Professor W. J.
McOee of the Department of Agrl-
luiiure, 111 co-oyurauon nun rro
fessor Henry Landes, Dr. Benson
and Dr Fry. of the State Univer
sity studied tho best methods of
utilizing cut-over or logged-off
lands Professor McGee gives some
of the findings, and they argue
strongly against burning cut-over
the soil and when tho humus is gone,
the fertility is greatly lessened. Tho
danger of burning logged-off lands
Is that the Jlro will burn tho humus
....... v. i4tai4UlU Upjun
When tho humus is burned out it
takes time to build up a fertile soil
again The llro destroys the work it
took Nature many years to do."
ino implements needed In stumn
and boulder blasting aro few and
inexpensive, and most of them aro
always to bo found on tho farm.
For medium-sized and smaller
stumps, a two-Inch wood augur to
drill under tho stump, and into tho
tap root if thero is one, is necessary,
and a crowbar with one pointed end
and ono chisol ond Is very useful.
Ono of tho most Important Imple
ments used in stump blasting, Is tho
tamping stick. This must havo no
metal about It. For tamping tho
holes under tho stumps a stick flvo
or six feet long and ono and a half
Inches In diameter is largo enough.
Precautions must bo taken in
using dynamito othorwlso accidents
may happen. When tamping bo suro
it is dono with a wooden stick.
Never uso n metal liar or anything
Having metal parts.
Precautions to bo Observed in Gener
al With Itegard to Explosives.
DON'T forget the nature of explo
aives, but remembor that with
proper care thoy can bo handled
with comparative safety.
DON'T smoke while you are handling
explosives, and DON'T handlo
explosives near an open light.
DON'T shoot Into explosives with a
rllle or pistol cither In or out
of a magazine.
DON'T leavo explosives In a flold or
any placo whero stock can get
nt them. Cattlo like tho taste
of tho soda and saltpotro in ex
plosives, but tho other Ingredi
ents would probably make them
sick or kill them.
DON'T handlo or store explosives in
or near a residence.
DON'T leave explosives In a wet or
damp place. They should be
kept in a suitable, dry place,
under lock and key, and where
children or Irresponsible per
sons cannot get at thorn.
DON'T explode a chargo to chamber
a bore hole and then immediate
ly reload It, as tho bore hole
will bo hot and tho second
charge may explodo premature
ly. DON'T do tamping with iron or steel
bars or tools. Uso only a
wooden tamping stick, with no
DON'T force a primer into a bore
DON'T explode a charge , beforo
every one is well beyond the
danger zone and protected from
Hying debris. Protect your sup
ply of explosives also from dan
ger from this source.
DON'T hurry In seeking an explana
tion for tho failure of a charge
DON'T drill, bore or pick out a
chargo which has failed to ex
plode. Drill and charge anoth
er bore holo at least two feet
from tho missed one.
DON'T uso two kinds of explosives
In tho same bore hole, except
whero ono is used as a primer to
detonate tho other, as where
dynamite is used to detonate low
powder. The quicker explosive
may open cracks In the rock
and allow tho slower to blow
out through theso cracks, doing
little or no work.
DON'T uso frozen or chilled ex
plosives. DON'T use any arrangement for
thawing dynamite other than
one of those recommended by
tho dynamito manufacturers.
DON'T thaw dynamite on heated
stoves, rocks, sand, bricks or
metal, or In an oven, and don't
thaw dynamito in front of, near
or over a steam boiler or firo
of any kind.
DON'T take dynamite Into or near
a blacksmith shop or near a
forgo on open work.
DON'T put dynamito on shelves of
anything else directly over
steam or hot-water pipes or
other heated metal surface.
DON'T cut or break a dynamito car
tridge while It Is frozen, and
don't rub a cartridge of dyna
mite in tho hands to complete
DON'T heat a thawing house with
pipes containing steam under
DON'T place a hot water thawor
over a lire, and never put dyna
mito into hot water or allow It
to como in contact with steam.
DON'T allow thawed dynamito to
remain exposed to low tempera
turo beforo using it. If it
freezes again beforo it 13 used,
it must bo thawed again.
DON'T allow priming (tho placing
of a blasting cap or electric
fuze in dynamite) to bo dono
in a thawing house or magazine.
DON'T prlmo dynamite cartridges,
or chargo or connect tho boro
holes for electric firing, during
the immediate approach or pro
gress of a thunderstorm.
DON'T carry blasting caps or elec
tric fuzes in your pocket.
DON'T tap or otherwise investigate
a blasting cap or electric fuze.
DON'T attempt to take blasting
caps from tho box by inserting
a wire, nail or other sharp in
strument. DON'T try to withdraw the wires
from an electric fuze.
DON'T fasten a blasting cap to tho
fuze with the teeth or by flat
tening it with a knife use a
'DON T keep electric fuzes, blasting
machines or blasting caps In
a damp place.
DON'T attempt to uso electric fuzes
with tho rogular Insulation in
very wet work. For this pur
pose secure thoso which aro
DON'T worry along with old, broken
leading wire or connecting wire.
A new supply won't cost much
and will pay for Itself many
DON'T handlo fuse carelessly In cold
weather, for when cold it is stiff
and breaks easily.
DON'T store or transport blasting
caps or electric fuzes with high
DON'T store fuso In a hot place, as
this may dry It out so that un
coiling will break It.
DON'T "laco" fuzo through dynamito
cartridges. This practlco is
frequently responsible for tho
burning of tho chargo.
DON'T operate blasting machines
half-heartodly. Thoy aro built
to bo oporateu with lull forco.
They must bo kept clean and
DON'T cut the ruse short to savo
time. It is dangerous economy,
DON'T expect a cheap articlo to give
as good results as a hlgbgrado
DON'T expect explosives to do good
work if you try to explode them
with a detonator weaker than a
Engagement rings aro etill popular
in court circles.
Honesdale District Sunday School Convention
Bccljrvlllo, Wednesday, JInjr 15, 1012.
A Word of Wolcomo Ilev. W. II. Swift, D. D.
'An Up-to-Dato Sunday School." Itov. Geo. G. Donoy,
"Tho Littlo Folks and tho Sunday School,"
MIbs Carrlo Clark
Open Conforoncc, led by Miss Susan Brown
Iloll Call; Heading of Minutes.
Appointment of Committees.
"Tho Why and How of tho O. A. B. C." Joshua Brown
"How to Organizo and Keep up a Homo Department,"
"Why Not a T. T. Class In lEvery S. S.?"
Hev. Goo. G. Donoy.
Heport Cards and Flnanco, Dr. Otto Apploy
Mrs. W. II. Swift.
Prayer and Song Service J. A. Bodlo
"Tho Influenco of tho Thoroughly Equipped Modern
Sunday School," Itev. G. G. Donoy
Your Opportunity to Speak. Delegates
Report of Committees.
Collection and Adjournment.
ARMY'S NEW FILTER
OR "WATER WAGON."
It Etnablts Troops to Drink Water
Whrver It Is Found.
The army filter, or "water wagon,"
recently adopted is designed to fill an
Important gap In the hygienic equip
ment of the army In the Held. It is
claimed that Its use will Insure the
purification of nny water found on
the march and thus solve the principal
camping difficulty. It is on 11 one ton
chassis, and Its operation Is simple, re
quiring no skilled attention. Five mlu
utoa after the command Is given the
machine, being near the stream, can
deliver from 500 to 1,000 gallons of
pure water an hour from any conven
ient number of sprockets. A muster
sprocket controls the pump, which Is
connected with the engine of the car
and requires a half horsepower to op
erate. Tho filter la cleansed by ro
verelng the flow and is sterilized by
feeding it n bucket of limewator.
The water Is drawn upward through
a scrloH of Alters, means being provid
ed for the deposits of varying matters
below tho filters proper so that they
do not onter or clog them. The Alter
ing materials used by chemical reac
tion consulate orgnnlcs in solution,
forming a gelatinous film, over which
water passing leaves sticking to it fine
particulate matter and bacteria that
otherwise would remain in the water.
The gelatinous film nlso possesses the
power of alworption, which plays an
Important role In this process of puri
fication. According to an army surgeon, the
effectiveness of a modern army is
measured more by Its physical condi
tion than by its mornl courage.
Lives and fortunes havo been spent
In the solution of the water ques
tion, but It uppeara to havo remained
for tho advent of the automobile to
make It possible for an army to be
ablo to po anywhere whero water ex
ists and to have pure water to drink,
no matter what its source. Whnt was
wanted was a practical means of re
moving nil suspended matter, includ
ing bacteria and colloids, from the wa
ter ordinarily found In public streams,
for immediate consumption. The army
filter la 6aid to meet that Important
Why Is education llko a tailor?
Decauso It forms our habits.
Why is a nohloman llko a book?
Decauso ho has a title and several
Why are tho legs of an 111 brod
fellow llko an organ grinder? Bo
cause they carry a monkey about tho
Why Is n blackboard llko a safe
steed? Decauso ono is a horseshoer
and tho other Is a suro horso.
Why aro photographers the most
uncivil of all tradesmen? Decauso
when wo mako application for our
photographs thoy begin with a nega
tive. Where docs charity begin? At C
Which Is tho strongest day in tho
week? Sunday, bocauso all tho
others aro weok days.
'Which Is tho easier to spell fid-dle-do-deo
or flddlo-do-dum? Tho
former because It is spelled with
Why Is an elephant llko a wheol
barrow? Decauso neither can climb
a treo. Philadelphia Lodger.
UIr Salary Kxplnlnod.
"And how Is your excellent son,
tho divinity student? Ho graduated
from tho theological academy about
a year ago, I bollovo?" "Yes, Just
a year ago. And ho's doing so well!
Thoy pay him a wonderfully largo
salary and next year ho's to got
more." "Indeed! That's vory un
usual. Perhaps It Is his excellent
delivery that nets him tho largo
emolument." "Yes, that's it. Ho's
ono of tho pitchers In tho big
league." Cloaveland Plain Dealor.
Arthur Felt Had.
Small Arthur complained of feel
ing badly, and his father said ho
might bo taking tho chlckonpox, thon
prevalent in tho neighborhood, but
Arthur laughod at tho Idea.
Noit morning bo camo downstairs,
looking very serious, and said: "You
aro right, papa; it's tho chlckonpox;
I found a feather in tho bod."
m REASUItEH'S LAND SALES.
JL WAYNE COUNTY TAXES.
Notico is hereby given that agree
ably to tho Act of General Assembly
of tho Commonwealth of Pennsyl
vania, passed the 13th day of
March, 1815, entitled "An Act to
amend the Act entitled, "An Act di
recting tho mode of selling unseated
land for taxes, and for other pur
poses," and an Act passed the 13th
day of March, 1813, entitled, "A
further supplement to an Act entitled
"An Act directing tho mode of sell
ing unseated lands for taxes and for
other purposes," and by the Act of
General Assembly passed tho Cta
day of March, 1847, entitled, "An
Act in relation to sales of unseated
lands In tho soveral counties in tho
Commonwealth," tho following
tracts of land will bo sold at publia
vendue, on tho
SECOND MONDAY OF JUNE, 1912,
(it being tho 10th day of tho month)
at 2 o'clock p. m., at tho Court
House, In Honesdale, in tho county
of Wayne, for arrearages of taxes
duo and the costs accruing on each
UNSEATED LIST 19101911.
7C Theophllus Moore, 117 acres,
45 .Tames Ellis, 47 acres, $11.13.
91 Kogor Ellis, 75 acres, ?9.28.
122 Joseph Sansom, 20 acres, ?4.59.
12G William Sansom, 20 acres, $4.69
242 Samuel Gregg, 7 acres, $1.57.
W. W. WOOD,
Treasurer of Wayne County.
Honesdalo, Pa., April 9, 1912.
Samo as Ever.
Miss Caddie Enemies, aro you?
Why, I thought she loved you not
Miss Bright So she did; and she
loves me not now. Catholic Stand
ard and Times.
Menner & Co.
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 M 4 4 4 4
Rugs9 Carpets, Linoleums,
Lace Curtains, Curtain Nets,
are now displayed on our second and third floors
The largest and most complete assortment of these rugs we ever had for
your selection. Only the best dependable qualties in newest styles
and colorings; every size can be obtained from 18X36 in to the larg
est room size.
We are showing these
a large variety to
We carry all sizes in stock in different qualties
room sizes. Inspection invited.
Seamed and seamless, in new styles and colors. Big selection, and in
qualities that will stand the hardest of wear. Sizes 6X9, 7-6X9, 8-3X10-6
Menner & Co's Stores
Designer and Man
ufacturer of ,
Office and Works;
1036 MAIN ST.
H. F. Weaver
Plans & Estimates
Residence, 1302 EastSt.
J. E. HALEY
Have mo nnd save money. Wl
attend sales nnywhero in State.
Address WAYMART. PA.CR. D. 3'
HERE one man gets rich through
hazarous speculation a hundred
THIS and THAT
The wise man chooses
the better plan and places
his money in this hank.
HONESDALE DIME BANK,
urn ureal spring Men8r & co.
rugs in many new colors
select from. 27in. by
JOSEPH N. WELCH
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Office: Second floor Masonic Build
ing, over O. O. Jadwin'a drug store,
would like to sec you if t
you arc In the markctl
AND NOVELTIES I
I "Guaranteed articles only sold." I
-This is Clean Up Week.
HERE one man stays poor ty
his slow methods of saving,
a hundred get RICH.
and designs. We have
54in. up to lift. 3in. by 15
from mat sizes to large