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THE CITIZEN, FRIDAY, MAY 3, 1912.
(JANCK. School commencements arc but a
month off find that fnct brings up a
tiucstlon which Is gaining moro atten
tion and creating more debate every
year. It Is the problem of tho ex
pense) of graduation on tho -families
of girls who can 111 afford It. Girls
of Kndcllffc College have taken tho
matter In hand thomsolves and made
a rule- that all graduates must ap
pear In simple white shirt-waists and
white linen skirts, without any
ndornmcnt In tho way of jewelry or
Superintendents Martin G. Drum-'
uaugh, of the Phllndolphla schools,
lias taken the subject up In one of
the newspapers of that city, and In
part his conclusions are as follows:
" Certainly, If any system of edu
cation fall to teach people that it is
a worthy and laudable ambition to
llvo within their means, it must he
confessed that the system is a fail
ure. Anything that smacks of os
tentation, anything that obtrudes tho
possession of money on accaslons
when plain moral excellence and
purely Intellectual accomplishment
nre tho essence and tho proper pride
of those who participate, argues un
avoidably that tho best purpose, tho
iinest Intent, of the whole course of
training has been frustrated. More
over, It is absolutely hostile to our
democratic Ideals. It is unAmeri
can. " I regretfully say this of Phila
delphia, where It has been our deep
est satisfaction that when we have
graduated students from our high
schools we have set tho seal of com
pleteness on a public education which
few other cities can equal and, 1
have hoped, none can surpass.
" 13 ut with hundreds of our girls
compelled, from moral timidity or
from envious vanity, to place upon
their parents graduation expenses
that run from ?40 to $13G,-vith a
probable average, when all Is count
ed, of ?75 I must admit that some
thing is wrong, either with the com
munity which endures the evil or
with the education which has failed
to rectify it. it may be, in a meas
ure, the fault of the peoplo gener
ally; it may be largely the fault of
the students; but the schools and the
educational organizations which
have not succeeded In Inculcating in
those girl students the principles of
right thinking and right living, are
they censurable when they allow
highly endowed highly trained young
women, the flower of our city, to en
ter upon life with handicaps of ex
travagance and- waste that must en
dure for their harm so long as they
"Among the questions I havo put
to? Ono answered: 'We have not,
to how many students have not tak
en diplomas because they could not
afford to. One answered: 'Wo havo
not, to my knowledge, had a pupil
drop out in order to avoid the ex
pense. We had one girl, last Feb
ruary, who did not pay into tho class
dues and refused to appear, either at
graduating exercises or at class day,
because she could not afford the ex
pense. She was, however, graduat
ed.' "Another observed: ' I would say
that no pupil has ever assigned as a
cause lor withdrawal from school the
expense of graduation. This Is a
matter on which girls of high school
age are quite sensitive, and if a
question of expense bo the real rea
son for withdrawal, they would
hardly say so to school authorities.'
"Correct, and very Just, no doubt,
both views as expressed. But the
first presents to us the picture of ono
poor girl denied, by the common
eagerness for needless display, the
occasion which Is, and should be,
the sweetest pleasure of a school
girl's career. The other makes clear
how misleading as to real cause the
figures of high school withdrawals
may be. I havo no doubt that in
numerous instances where the cir
cumstances of a family have urged
a daughter's abandonment of her
course before its completion, tills one
item of excessive expense, deemed in
evitable should sho go on to gradu
ation, nas proved the determining
factor in her decision to quit.
"I am afraid that wo can never
find, in the high schools, the full ex
tent to which this persistent indul
gence In ostentation affects the stu
dent body at largo. The strain, in
point of fact, comes on homo re
sources not while tho girl is taking
her high school course, but earlier,
when she is eligible for it.
" The truth seems to be that when
tne daughter reaches tho age and the
sciiool standing that qualify her for
high school, a home council is held
and the situation is canvassed in ad-
vanio for the whole period up to the
time of her graduation. I have no
doubt there are hundreds of families
in which the maintenance of the
daughter at borne, under such a
stress of expense as is entailed bv
the modest demands of a growing
girl, Is regarded as entirely feasible;
and I believe there aro few of those
homes in which the sincere desire is
lacking to have tho daughter enjoy
every advantage of education that
tho city offers. Hut when her par
ents debate tho future, when they
consider the item of $75 or $100
which must come, crushlngly, at the
dose of four years of unusual ex
pense in letting her "keep up ap
pearances" conformablo to so costly
a ilimax, they decide that tho en
terprise is beyond their means. And
tho daughter Is compelled to accept
tho situation and abandon tho cher
ished ideals of her elementary school
" How aro we to trace these losses
in applications for admission to tho
high schools; and how shall wo esti
mate tho lifelong consequonces which
attach to tho deprivation of the
higher training suffered by those
girls who aro denied, although they
are fit for it and deslro It?
In the end, Philadelphia Is losing
many, If unnumborod, women who
should bo bettor stenographers,
saleswomen, clerks, housowivos and
mothers than tho premature closo of
their public school training permits
them to become."
Her Job Safe.
"If you keop o nannoylng tho mls
bus," said tho butler, "sho'B liablo to
"Sho can't," replied tho cook. "Wo
had a beautiful quarrol this morning,
and wo'ro not on speaking terms."
1- -x 1 1 j x 1 1 1 1
- OF LOCAL INTEREST TO -
I WAYNE COUNTY FARMERS 4
4. . -2 1 ! 1 1- 2 x x x 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1-
Kill Uugs by IturnliiK liuliblsh Now.
Dr. II. A. Surface, Pennsylvania
State Zoologist at Harrlsburg, calls
attention to tho fact that In tho very
early spring Is tho time to burn rub
bish, leaves, weeds and grass whero
lurking Insects hibernate, and thus
reduco tho number of pests of this
kind. Ho says that many of our
most Injurious insects, such as the
Chinch Bug, Stinking Squash Bug
and tho Asparagus Beetlo hibernate
In the adult or mature stage, success
fully withstanding all the rigors of
our severe winters, nnd aro to be
found in the rubbish, such as leaves,
straw, and fragments of vegetation,
whero they pass tho winter.
In gardens the asparagus beetles
which are Increasing in numbers and
destructlveness In (his state are to
be found, especially in tho old dead
and hollow canes of raspberry plants
and in the cavities of dead weeds
and especially of tho old asparagus
stalks. The dead raspberry bushes
should be trimmed out and the old
remnants of plants of all kinds
Barn For Dairy Farm
Designed by P. B. MORGAN, College of Agriculture, Ohio
THIS barn has been designed for a dairy farm. It Is estimated to cost
about $1,500, but it is a well constructed building, with foundation of
concrete blocks and a floor of concrete. The material for this structure
and its cost are as follows:
230 pieces, 2x0 In. JClG ft, $20 per 1,000 $73.60
75 pieces, 2x8 In. xl6 ft., $20 per 1.000 32.00
SO pieces, 2x10 In. xl8 ft., $20 per 1,000 M.S0
100 pieces, 2x10 In. xlC ft., $20 per 1,000 BS.M
93 pieces, 2x12 In. xl6 ft., $20 per 1,000 CO.S0
30 pieces, 2x10 In. xl4 ft., $20 per 1,000 15.10
Roof boards, 5,300 board feet, $20 per 1,000 107.20
Shlplap, C.100 boarrt feet, $20 per 1,000 ,.i..,, 122.00
Flooring, 8,020 board feet, $28 per 1,000 ,,,, 250.00
Shingles, 210 bunches, $4 per 1,000 , 216.00
Cement blocks, 1,400, 20c. each i , 2S0.00
Concrete, 200 square yards, 60c. per square yard 180.00
I j w w
"HORSES tion ,
B View of Inner Bent.
o jr4i''Kr J 1 sx
-4'-i X . I i str
f 1 it' I I T-o lo-o'-i-Ho-o- lUa
S . , ., TMtcnoN iff W
Hi Gfr ::ffiffiJB itil
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 : 1
ti ti tdp!
should bo raked together nnd burn
ed. This not only results in killing
tho hibernating Insects, but also de
stroys many dlscaso germs which
may also bo passing tho winter
It Is Important for this trimming
to be done eariy. If It should bo ne
glected until after tho air becomes
warm, tne insects become active and
commence p seek their food plants
instead of remaining In their winter
quarters, where they aro easily de
stroyed. For this reason this advlco
Is especially timely and Important.
In thoso few portions of tho state
whero tho Chinch Bug occurred last
year, It is particularly important
that grass fields bo burned over
promptly, road sides bo burned
where there is material that harbors
these pests. Rubbish along fences bo
plowed back from tho fences and
burned or plowed under, and other
wise a general cleaning up be done
as there Is no better means of de
stroying this very serious pest.
T c ghutb in mo no6i
View of End Bent.
THE CRUSADE AGAINST
HIGH SCHOOL FRATERNITIES
Twenty-five States In It, Some Having
Passed Drastic Laws.
Twenty-five states nre represented In
n crusade which the law-makers nnd
'school authorities of the country nre
waging against the high school frater
nity, according to a report which 1ms
Just been issued for free distribution
by tho United Stntes bureau of edu
cation. Of these thirteen stntes hnve
passed legislative enactments hostile to
the secret orders, while tho school
boards of Important cities In the other
twelve states have adopted like meas
ures -within their own Jurisdiction.
All states hnvlng laws on the sub
ject provide n penalty of suspension or
expulsion from school for all those who
Join .these orders. Tho most drastic
laws, were passed by Iowa, Minnesota
and Xcbraskn, whose legislatures made
It n misdemeanor for any one even to
solicit members to theso organizations,
Michigan and Ohio made It a misde
meanor for n school officer to fall or
refuse to carry out the antl-blgb school
fraternity law. Other stntes which pro
hibit these orders are California, Indl
ana, Kansas, Mississippi, Oregon and
Vermont. Massacbusets empowers the
Boston school committee to deal with
the secret society problem In Its own
way, while Washington gives tho samp
latitude to the school boards of Its lar
Tho moro important cities whoe
school boards have passed regulations
restricting or forbidding high school
fraternities aro Denver, Morlden, Chi
cago, Covington, New Orleans, Lowell,
Walthnm, Worcester, Kansas City,
Mo.:Jj?t. Joseph, Butte, Oklahoma City,
Heading, Salt Lake City, Madison, Mil
waukee, Ilnclne and Superior. The
commonest penalty Is suspension, ex
pulsion or debarment from school ath
letic or other teams.
The United States bureau of educa
tion's report nlso cites some of tho
more Important court decisions, every
one of which upholds the school au
thorities in dealing rigorously with the
high school fraternity, on the ground
that the measures so taken aro au
thorized as a part of the school board's
discretionary powers. Most courts
cited, however, will not allow the of
fending pupils to bo barred from class
room exercises, although they can be
barred from participating in all ath
letic or other contests.
LORD MERSEY LONG A JUDGE.
Served Thirteen Years on the King's
Bench Prior to 1910.
Sir John Charles BIgham, Lord Mer
sey, who is to head the court of inquiry
on tho Titanic disaster, was created
Baron Mersey in 1010. He was born
Aug. 3, 18-10, tho son of John Bighain,
a merchant of Liverpool. lie was cd
ucated at the Liverpool institute, later
studying in Berlin and Paris.
Admitted to the bar In 1870, he bo
came a bencher of the Middle Temple
in 1SS0. From 1805 to ISO" he served
in parliament as a Unionist from Llv
erpool. lie was a member of the South
African committee of the house of
commons Just previous to his being
made a Judge.
ne was first a Judge of the king's
bench division of the high court of Jus
tice, serving twelve years, until 1909.
Then ho became president of the pro
bate divorce and admiralty division of
the high court, serving one year. He
was knighted when the Judgeship was
conferred upon him.
FOR THE PANAMA FAIR.
Commission Appointed to Visit Euro
pean Capitals In Its Interest.
John Hays Hammond, Hear Admiral
Sidney Staunton, U. S. N., and Briga
dier General Clarence It. Edwards, U,
S. A., together with R. B. nale, vice
president of the Pauama exposition,
and W. T. Sesnon, vice president of
the San Francisco chamber of com
merce, have been appointed a commis
sion to visit European capitals In the
Interest of tho Panama-Paclfle exposi
tion. The selection of Bear Admiral
Staunton and Brigadier General Ed
wards was made by President Taft.
The commission will visit London,
Paris, Berlin, St. Petersburg, Madrid,
Constantinople and Itome.
Itear Admiral Staunton will endeavor
to Interest European nations In send
ing naval vessels for the celebration,
and Brigadier General Edwards will
give particular attention to urging for
elgners to participate In the military
contests nnd to send military repre
FIRST WOMAN DIPLOMATIST
Dr. Clotilde Luisi Will Help to Repre
sent Uruguay at Brussels.
AVomen have at last invaded the dip
lomatlc service. Tho first woman at
tuche has entered upon her duties at
Dr. Clotlldo Lulsl has been sent by
the government of Uruguay to be nt
taehed to Its legation in tho Belgian
capital, with a special mission to lool:
after educational matters.
Miss Lulsl gained her doctor's de
gree, "summa cum laude," at tho Unl
verslty of Montevideo and obtained her
post in spite of strenuous male Conine'
tition. Sho Is described as tall and
slender, possessing charming manners
und "with tho truo diplomatic smile."
Tho number of passeugers carried
on tho railroads of this country in 1911
approximated 1.010.&00.5U7 against 071.
(183.109 In 1010. Earnings from passen
gers totaled 038,772,785 in 1011 and
?028,992,473 in 1010.
MRS. JOHN HAYS HAMMOND
A Leader In the Women's
Titanic Memorial Movement.
Tho women of the nation are asked to
contribute to a fund to erect a memorial
to the men who gave their lives on the
Titanic that women and children mlsht
be saved. It will be called "A Tribute to
American Manhood." Mrs. John Hays Is
chairman. The movement was launched
at Mrs. Hammond's home in Washington.
REPEATS THAT TAFT KNEW.
Roosevelt Says the Harvester Suit Was
Discussed In Former's Presence.
North Adams, Mass., April :10. Colo
nel Roosevelt, answering President
Taft's assertion that "So far as my
recollection goes, I never beard the
harvester trust mentioned In any cabi
net meeting that I attended," In a
statement flatly reiterated that the
president attended a full cabinet meet
ing that discussed the harvester affair
"I clearly remember Mr. Taft being
present nt one such discussion and
taking part In it," was the colonel'
The colonel declared emphatically
that the harvester affair was repeated
ly discussed at length in the cabinet
both before President Taft went abroad
and after he came back and that Mr
Taft had full information as to the
action taken and could not have failed
to havo hrid. "Every important matter
of this kind involving a question be
tween two departments of tho adminis
tration were always carried out in full
cabinet. Mr. Garfield, Straus, Bona
parte and Cortelyou have stated that
this particular question was discussed
moro than once in full cabinet meet
ing. I clearly remember Mr. Taft be
ing present at ono such discussion and
taking part in it. If he thought that
the action I took in the harvester case
was In any way Inadequate or repre
henslble, it was his duty when he was
in -my cabinet to protest, nnd It was
even more his duty after he became
president to act at once. The action
which after three years of inaction he
actually tookast week must have been
taken in collusion with the Lorlmer
Democratic senator who Introduced the
resolution and could only havo been
taken with a view to the effect on the
Massachusetts primaries. Mr. Taft
has treated this harvester trust ques
tion in a way to show that ho sub
ordinates tho Interest of the people as
a whole to the purpose of securing po
litical advantage for himself."
Send us tho news of your com
munity. Wo havo btoh 'phones.
All of the crops of 1911 experimentally
tested and hand picked from the yield of the
justly celebrated gardens of Vick.
at the drug store of
D. & li. CO. T1HE rABLE
A.M. A.M. P.M.
10 00 4 30
10 00 ti 05
12 30 2 15 2 15
4 40 12 30 7 10
6 30 1 19 7 55
p.m. TTiT. a.m.
6 20 "T05 8 45
ti 30 2 15 8 55
6 31 2 19 8 69
6 62 2 37 9 IS
6 58 2 43 9 21
7 07 2 62 9 32
7 13 2 67 9 37
7 16 2 69 9 39
7 20 3 03 9 43
7 21 3 07 9 47
7 27 3 10 9 50
7 31 3 15 9 55
pTaT p.m. a.m.
... Albany ....
... Ijike Ixxiore ...
... . Wnymart
i) 4 )
I'ltOFE 8 S IONA t CARDS.
. ATTORNEY A COUNHF.r.OK-AT-LAW.
Ollice adjacent to Post Olllco In Dlmmtck
olllcc. Ilonrsdnlc, 1'a.
WM. II. LEE,
ATTORNEY A COUNSKLOK-AT-LAW.
Olllcc over voil ptUce. All lecul business
promptly attended to. Honcsdale. Pa.
J71 C. MUMFOKD,
L. ATTORNEY 'A COUNSELOR-AT-I.AW.
i.uli1.c,e,ut).e.rty "."'J bulldlne. opposite tba
Post Olllcc. Honcsdale. Pa.
ATTORNEY A COUNSEI.OR-AT-t.AW,
Ofllce, Court House. Honcsdale Pa.
niiAitLEs a. Mccarty,
J ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR- IT-LAW.
Special and prompt attention elven to the
collection of claims. Ollice. t'lty Hall,
. ATTORNEY A COUN8ELOR-AT-LAW
ODice in the Court House, Honeedale
PETER II. ILOtK,
ATTORNEY A COUN8ELOR-AT-LAW
, Offlcc-Second floor old Savlncs Bril
bulldlne. Houesdale. Pa.
DEARLE & SALMON,
D ATTORNEYS A COUNSELORS-AT-I.AW
Offices latclv occupied by Judce Searle
pHESTER A. GARRATT,
Vj ATTORNEY 4 COIJNHELOR-AT-LAW
Ollice adjacent to Post Ollice. Honesdale.Pa-
DR. E. T. BROWN,
Olllcc First floor, old Savlncs Bank build
hit;. Houesdale. I'a.
R. G. R. BRADY,
DENTIST, HONESDALE, PA.
1011 MAIN ST.
PI3. PETERSON, M. D.
. 1120 MAIN STREET, HONESDALE, PA.
K ye and Ear a specialty. The littlnc of elass
es clven careful attention.
F. G. RICKARD Prop;
STOKE BARN CHURCH STREET.
CR 65 YEARS'
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STATIONS 1'.M.I1'..M.A..M. .
P.M., A M.
10 501 ...
12 55 10 05
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