The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, April 17, 1912, Page PAGE 6, Image 6

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rn oiTianN, wkdxhsday, aimul 17, 1012.
(Special to The Citizen.)
Inglehart, April 13.
V. B. Case, of Welcomo Lake,
doesn't Rain a bit. Ho had Dr. Skin
nor of Port Jorvls, "Monday, April 8,
and ho said that thcro was not
much hopo for him.
Prod Wood assisted Charles
Yatho In sawing wood Wednesday.
Mrs. W. Hector spent a few days
with Tier parents, Mr. and Mrs. J.
II. Brannlng.
Mrs. 51. Fullcborn gavo 'her llttlo
daughter, Helen, a surprise party
Saturday, April C, on her fifth iblrth
day. After all of the chlldron had
all gathered at 3:30 they served Ice
cream, cake, candles and peanuts.
Those present 'were: Violet 'Wood,
Corral Hrannlng, Philip and Allco
Ilrannlng, Emmons Perkln, Ethel,
Jessie, Kuth, Clarence, Gwert, Allco,
William, Edythe and William War
wick. Alvln Holllcld, IMabel Hran
nlng, Hazol Gevert, and tho mem
bers of the family.
Mr. and 'Mrs. E. A. Caso and son,
Chris, and William Marsh made, a
business trip to Honcsdale Wednes
day. Mrs. A. Warring is helping tako
caro of V. li. Case.
Fred Wood of this place has pur
chased a horse of Harry Wood.
Chas. 'Wood of this place, has tak
on possession of his now homo at
this place.
Tho rising and oven the risen gen
erations cannot spell. Our school
children cannot spell, our college
graduates cannot spell. ' The dean of
a post-graduate department of ono
of our universities complained a few
years ago that the men who came
before him to qualify to study a
profession could not spell. The
trustees of ono of our largo Institu
tions, which by its charter requires
all Its officers to possess tho degree
of Bachelor of Arts (even that of
B.S. not being accepted) find that
the aforesaid B.A.'s, when confront
ed by the severe mental effort of
writing necessary reports, cannot
spell. So Insurmountable, is the dif
ficulty, that tho advocates of sim
plified spelling join forces with the
advertisers in search of a trade
mark, and both of them affront our
eyes and insult our intelligence with
their horrid makeshifts.
Tho fault cannot be entirely that
of the English language. Fifty years
ago the case was different, as Is
proved by the survivors from that
primitive period. Your grandmoth
er if you are lucky enough to have
ono may not know tho difference
between the subjective and the ob
jective, but she can spell. Let us
see if we can find the reason.
Grandmother, when she was a
girl, may have lived in the country.
It so, she went to spelling-bees. If
she was educated in city schools she
took part in monthly spelling con
tests, In which team contended
against team, class against class, the
teachers joining in the game. In
those benighted days, even the
boarders in summer hotels played
spelling games, and are said to have
enjoyed them. There was system
atic drill In what was recognized as
a difficult and valuable art.
In the memory of some of us who
are not grandmothers, spelling was
taught by a graduated system be
ginning with the phonetic value of
the letters. The spelling-books we
recognize it now were designed to
make learning easy. Long lists of
words of similar sound but with dif
ferent letters were given, and possi
bly with one or two exceptions or
variations sandwiched in. The ear
and tho mind, from frequent repeti
tion, grew accustomed to a certain
combination, and, once learned, it
was never forgotten.
To-day I tako up tho spelling-book
of a child just out of the Kindergar
ten and attempt to bear him his les
son. What do I see? A list of
" Things to Use on the Table." Ho
spells "bread," "salt," and "knives."
Ho goes back, studies it again, and
again sticks at "knives." Why
should knives be spelled as it is?
Ho cannot understand. The fact that
it is something to use on the table
does not help him. I turn to the
preface of the book to seo if I can
And what Uosetti would call " the
fundamental brainwork " underly
ing tho system, and learn that
spelling, forsooth, should bo taught
" by an association of ideas!" Now,
spelling Is not an association of
ideas. It Is an association of
sounds. If you teach it by associa
tion of the idea of sound, well and
good. Why should tho child be rob
bed of the help which association of
sounds would glvo him? Why should
each word bo made an exception and
have to be learned by a distinct
mental process? Why aro the theo
ries of PestolozzI and Froebel thus
clumsily misapplied?
Tho framers of tho old-fashioned
memory-systems depended on tho as
sociation of ideas, and justly so, for
they taught lists of unrelated words.
They would have been tho last to de
pond on It for the teaching of Eng
lish spelling. They would have
been tho first to claim tho help of
tho linked chain of similar sound.
Let us thank our lucky stars that
wo were educated before tnero was
an effort to make learning pictures
que. Those of us who wept over
"'Reading Without Tears" have reap
ed ono advantage: wo can at least
write a letter without looking In the
dictionary. Mary 'Eleanor Roberts
In Llpplncott's.
Supremo Court Kules French Inven
tor is to (Set Si:i!,0(.
Washington, April 14. For tho
uso of tho patented "Do Bango gas
check" on Its cannon in tho army and
navy, tho United States Govornmnt
was today held llablo by tho Su
premo court of tho United States to
pay I13G.000 to the owner of tho
French Invention.
It is said that such a dovico 1b in
dispensable in breech loading guns,
In order to rehmetlcally seal tho
preech at tho instant of explosion of
tho powder charge, so as to cut off
the escape- of gases to the Tear.
What Impressed Him.
'So you got tho opinions of two
lawyors on tho caBo. Were their
opinions tho same?"
"Yes; 50 each." Boston Transcript.
Clubs In Stven States Interested.
Prizes Expected to Total $100,000.
The Aero Clnb of America, with tho
co-operation of tho nero clubs of Illi
nois, Mlchlgnn, Mllwnukco, Knnsas
City, St. Louis, Indiana, Cincinnati
And Ohio, Is organizing an aeroplane
circuit of 1,810 miles, which will be
held In tho month of August and will
be known ns tho Great American cir
cuit. Chicago will be the starting and fin
ishing point of the circuit. Tho route
proposed Is Chicago-Milwaukee, 80
miles; Cedar Itaplds, 200 miles; Des
Moines, 120 miles; Omaha, 100 miles;
St. Joseph, 120 miles, Kansas City, -10
miles; Jefferson City, x 123 miles; St.
Louis, 100 miles; Charleston, 125
miles; Indianapolis, 100 miles; Cincin
nati, 100 miles. Columbus, 00 miles;
Cleveland, 131 miles; Toledo, 100 miles;
Detroit, CO miles; Chicago, 220 miles.
Stops will be made nt each city
where there will be a "control" or sta
tion and possibly nt other cities. Tho
circuit Is to bo open to nil licensed
pilots of nil nationalities who will be
free from injunction under tho Wright
The prizes probably will amount to
$100,000 and will lncludo n grand prize
of $2r,000, second prize of $5,000, third
prize of $2,500.
Other prizes will bo: For first nnd
second machines to reach each con
trol; special prizes for American built
and flown machines; first to arrive and
for (a) least horse power1 to complete
course; (b) passenger carrying; (c) first
to flash a wireless message to a con
trol; (c-1) greatest number of wireless
messages delivered; (d) best maps
made en route nnd description of con
ditions, etc.; (el first aeroplane fitted
with stabilizer to nrrlve; (f) most com
pletely equipped machine.
Dreadnought Shoots Targets Away,
Beating tho Whole World.
According to reports which reached
the navy department from the Atlan
tic fleet, the battery of twelve ten-inch
guns on tho Dreadnought Utah in re
cent target practice completely de
stroyed the targets on tho third day's
individual firing, and, although the ship
continued firing at nothing in accord
ance with the regulations, thero is no
knowing whether the gunners did not
keep up this record of 100 per cent.
Every shot was a hit up to the time
tho target was swept away, according
to the umpires.
Tho Utah seems to have broken all
world's records in long distance firing.
Tho distnuce was 11,000 yards, or six
and a half miles, while the ship was
steaming In squadron at a speed of fif
teen knots, the movements of tho tar
gets being unknown at time of firing.
PAYS $3,500 FOR $5 COIN.
Half Eagle Minted In 1815 Only Three
Others In Existence.
II. O. Grantors, a wealthy mining
broker of Csbkosb, Wis., paid $3,500
for a five dollar gold piece of the Unit
ed States minted In 1S15. The coin
was purchased from Max Mehl of Fort
Worth, Tex., a numismatist. This coin
in 1000 was sold for $1,000 and a year
later was sold nt a Philadelphia auc
tion to Mehl for 2,000. There are
only three other 1815 five dollar gold
pieces in existence. Ono is owned by
V. Brand, a rich Chicago brewer; an
other by John C. Clapp, a millionaire
of Washington, while tho fourth is in
tho United States treasury.
It is said that the price paid for this
half eagle Is tho next highest price
ever paid for a coin, tho highest price
being $3,C00 paid for an 1801 United
States dollar by a New York jewelry
Captain Rogers, U. S. N., Announces
Tentative Program.
Captain William L. Rogers, TJ. S. N.,
president of the naval war college, has
aunounced the tentative program for
reopening the college Friday, May 31,
the members of the class assigned re
porting nnd arranging their quarters
on that day.
The course will open regularly June
1 nnd will last four months Instead of
three, and it is expected that either
the secretary of tho navy or tho assist
ant secretary will bo present to make
an opening address.
It is expected the class this year will
remain over for tho long course of
twelve months, which will bo inau
gurated at the close of tho short term.
Attempt Made to Reorganize Institu
tion Abandoned Years Ago.
A Presbyterian university, to cost
probably 500.000, will bo located In
Atlanta, Gu. Tho institution will be u
reorganization of old Oglethorpe uni
versity, which was founded In 1S30 at
Mllledgovlllo, moved to Atlanta in 1870,
but several years later was forced to
Forty-two A41antans havo pledged
$1,000 each ns a starting point in the
reorganization, nnd these, with eight
others, will form tho first directorate
of tho university. It is expected that
actual construction work will bo
started within a year.
Panama-Pacific Exposition Dates,
Tho Panama-Pacific International ex
position at San Francisco will open ou
Feb. 20, 1015, and closo on Dec, 4,
Proposed Improvement on tho Del
nwnrc. Philadelphia, Pa., April 10.
In tho introduction of an ordln
anco in Councils to nppropriuta $B0,
000 for tho purpose of employing
engineering exports nnd tho outlining
of a comprohonslvo plan for develop
ing tho port facilities nt Philadel
phia, tho first stops havo been tak
en toward tho carrying out of cxton
sivo Improvements which aro bolng
projected on -tho basis that tho Port
of Philadelphia Js tho port of Ponn
sylvnnla, and should, therefore, bo
developed to a capacity for handling
all of this State's Import and export
Tho fund is to bo placed at tho
disposal of George W. Morris, Direc
tor of the 'Department of Wharves
and 'Docks, and undor his direction
n. svflfoinntin nrnirrn,hi In tn lin wnrk-
cd out, tho most Important features
being recommendations as to reclam
ation and improvement of land fori
additional water frontage, types of
now piers, nbd tho best methods for
transferring cargoes from vessels to
the trunk lino railroads.
The initiative thus taken by Coun
cils to develop tho Port of Philadel
phia to tho almost unlimited com
mercial capacity that its geographi
cal advantages make possible, is re
garded by those interested in tho
'Port as virtually pledging tho muni
cipality to the fulfillment of tho rec
ommendations that may bo made.
Such a systematic plan has been
'followed by other ports in solving
similar problems, and tho chief ob
ject of the ordinance is understood
to bo to eliminate any haphazard
work which might only partially
meet the needs, and which, if hastily
effected without duo regard for fut
ure developments, might prove later
to have been an almost useless ex
penditure. Tho general recognition now of tho
fact that tho improvement of port fa
cilities at Philadelphia is by no
means a 'merely local question, but
ono which, because of tho broad In
terests it involves, is of equal or even
greater Importance to tho whole of
Pennsylvania, has added tho support
of State and national as well as city
officials to tho movement.
United States Senator Penrose
plainly Indicated his attitude (toward
the port when, in a recent address
promising his efforts to havo the
Federal appropriation of $1,000,000
for 3C-foot channel work increased
to $2,000,000, he said:
" I take it that we all owe loyal
support in tho great work of de
veloping our river facilities. Tho
Governor of this Commonwealth
could not do a better thing than to
bear in mind that tho Port of Phila
delphia is, legany and practically, tho
port of Pennsylvania. It belongs to
tho citizens of the whole Common
wealth and all aro directly interested
in its developments. If, through ihis
help, tho next Legislature could bo
induced to make an appropriation
(and I will not bo frightened at tho
amount) that will help to bring
about a fruition of tho plans which
the Mayor and his Director of
Wharves and Docks havo In mind, I
for one will gladly aid toward that
The first steps in this direction
have been toward placing tho whole
subject in the hands of a body of ex
perts empowered to outline a definite
program. Vast expenditures abroad,
where the development of port facili
ties has been carried out upon a
more extensive scale than In any
American port, with tho exception of
tho Port of New York, have, almost
without exception, been under tho
guldanco of a body of experts who
gavo their entiro time to the study
of all phases of the problems in
volved. In Liverpool, where $150,000,000
has been spent in port improve
ments, and where projected improve
ments will entail tho expenditure of
$50,000,000 more, tho work has
been carried on by tho Mersey Docks
and Harbor Board.
In tho last decado American ports
havo adopted similar methods for ac
complishing their unprecedented ex
pansion. A $9,000,000 initial ap
propriation by tho State of Massa
chusetts for tho further develop
ment of tho Port of Boston has been
placed irt tho hands of a recently
created Board of 'Harbor Commis
sioners. Connecticut lias also estab
lished a State Board to report how
tho best results may be had in tho
expenditure of a $1,000,000 State
appropriation for improving tho har
bor and port of New London.
In Seattle, Wash., where tho peo
plo In a special olection recently ap
proved an $8,000,000 bond issuo for
port development, a soparato corpor
ate Dody was created, known as the
Port District, governed by tho Port
Commission. And on tho Gulf tho
Commissioners of tho Port of Now
Orleans superintended tho expendi
ture of $4,250,000.
Several tentatlvo plans for the
comprehensive, development of tho
Port of Philadelphia 'havo already
been suggested, and it is In response
to tho widespread Interest and ac
tivity in behalf of these projects that
Philadelphia Councils havo taken tho
lnitlativo to secure tho earliest possl
blo results along a consistent plan,
eacli development of which is to bo
taken up as rapidly as money be
comes available for tho purpose.
The Only Permanent lteslilcnt Rupture
Specialist In Hcrnnton.
20 cars' Success In tills City.
Piles, and Flstnln,
Diseases of Men-Cured
forever without opera
tion or detention from
I Dr. K. F. Scnlon pays: "Trusses will not
cure rupture."
Como to mo and I will euro you so
you will not need to wear a truss.
Thomas I,. Smith, Orson, Wnync Co., Pa.
l'etcr Si. Allen. 22 Seventh Ave,, Carbondalc.
I 'a. Hydrocele.
Ollbcrt II. Knnpp, Aldcnvlltc, Wayno Co..
Pn. Rupture.
J. It. Meconium, fi.11 North Lincoln Avenue
Scranton, Pa. Hupture.
Davis A. Oaylord, Pleasant Mount, Wayne
Co.. Va. Hupture.
Olllco Hours: 8a.m. to fi p. m and 7 to 9 D.
in.. Sunilnys, 12 to 1 p. m.
Satisfactory nrraiicements may be made for
Consultation nnd Kxamlnntlon Free.
OFFIC'KS-433 Linden St.. SCKANTON. PA.
Urges Universal Alplinbet.
Washington, D. C. Alexander
Graham Bell, appearing before tho
House Committeo on Forolgn Affairs
recently, urged adoption of a resolu
tion requesting tho Secretnr; of tho
Interior to mako Inquiry regarding
tho advisability and practicability of
an International agreement on a uni
versal alphabet Intended to represent
tho sounds of speech after a uniform
" You havo no Idea of tho absurdi
ties of our speech," Bald Mr. Boll.
" For Instance, o-n-o-u-g-h spoils
enuff, wthoreas p-l-o-u-g-h spells
plow. A foreigner might think that
co-u-u-g-h spelled cow, but It does
not." Ho said tho English languago
was fast becoming tho commercial
languago of tho world and could be
come tho universal languago If
standard pronounciatlon was adopt
ed. Tho committeo took tuo view
that tho Department of tho Interior
already had power to conduct tho in
r Dr. Whitehall's
For 15 years a Standard Ramedr for
all form of Rheumatism, lombtgo,
gont, sore muscles, stiff or swollen
joints. It quickly rtlirree tits terera
paln reduces tbe fertr, and eliminates
the poison from tha ijreteco. 66 cents
a box at dnifgiits.
Wrtia for a Free Mai Bmx
Dr. Whitehall Mogrlmlna Co.
188 8. LafayetO St. rth Bmtf, tod.
HERE one man gets rich through
hazarous speculation a hundred
get POOR.
HERE one man stays poor by
his slow methods of saving,
a hundred get RICH.
wise man chooses
the better plan and places
his money in this hank.
Honcsdale, Pa.
H. F. Weaver
Architect and Builder
Plans & Estimates
Residence, 1302 EastSt.
Havo mo nnd snvo money. Wi
attend sales anywhere in State,
Address WAYMART.PA.CR. D.3
ERIE R. R. March 1st to April 14, 1912
For full Information, call on Ticket Agent, Honesdalc. I'n. or apply to W. O.
Itock, D. 1". A. Krie 11. It. Chambers St. Station, New York City.
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P. M.
.... Albany ....
Carbondale ....
...Lincoln Avenue..
LakcLodore ...
... . Waymart
Fortenla ,
Seelyvllle .....
Ilonosdale ...
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10 sol.
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A.M. P.M.
Advertise in THE CITIZEN
$ISOa F.
Call and see the cars at E. W. Gammell9
Garage, Honesdale, or at F. E. Bortree9s Ariel., Pa
The Universal Car
From "hero" to "thero" and back again one-third of tho motoring
world will go tills year in Ford Cars. Sovonty-flvo thousand now Fords
all alike put into service in a twelvemonth it's tolling testimony to their
unequalled sorviceablencss and economy.
Thoro is no other car like tho Ford Model T. It's lightest, lightest
most economical. Tho tvro-imssenger cur costs but $500, f. o. b. Detroit,
complete with nil equipment tho live passenger "hut $000.
Ariel, Pa.