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niK C1TIZ1SN, WEDNESDAY, AI'IUIj 17, 1012.
IN HISTORY OF
The Disaster Had Its Heroes,
Thrilling Incidents and
THIltTY persons drowned, 30,000
homeless, 2,000 square miles
lnunduted, $10,000,000 flnanclnl
loss and railroad tralllc para
lyzed were the striking features of the
great flood In the Mississippi valley.
The disaster had Its heroes, thrilling
incidents and nnrrow escapes.
Dozens of cities In five states up and
down the river were put under water
or menaced, and levees Rave way he
fore the pressure of the vast wastes of
water like cardboard. From Illinois to
Mississippi mill Arkansas a grim and
determined fight against the ravaging
sweep of the great Father of Waters
was waged. Millions of bags of sand
and dirt were used to strengthen levees
that had become weakened. Every
where In the entire water swept valley
men worked with but one Idea or pur
posethat of staving off impending
breaks that would sweep away homes
and perhaps lives.
In the wnke of the flood is the grim
spectacle of pestilence, which may re
sult from the overflow as the waters
Attempts to "cover" the story along
the stretch of levees Involved many
personal risks on the part of newspa
One of the most daring exploits was
accomplished by a young correspond
ent who floated on a log on the crest
of the tide when the levee broke at
Hickman, Ky. Ho made his way to
Tiptonville, Tenn., and then telephoned
his story of the flight from the lteel
foot country to Memphis.
Another news writer, a pretty young
woman of Hickman, half swam, half
waded, in imminent peril, to get from
her homo to the long distance tele
phone in order that the first definite
story of the rescue of n thousand per
sons at Dorena, Mo., might reach the
outside world. ,
A farmer who had been watching for
a break in the levee mouuted his horse
when the tide broke through the em
bankment As he started to ride awuy
his wife grasped the bridle of his
"Where are you going?" she called,
struggling with the horse.
"To warn my neighbors," replied the
planter. "You must get to the boats."
The planter's wife managed to get
her children away in safety, while her
husband raced with the flood, warning
farmers out of the tide's path. The
warning probably saved scores of lives.
Family of Seven Saved.
Thousands of spectators witnessed
the thrilling rescue of a family of sev
en from a sinking houseboat In the
Mississippi river at St. Louis. The
houseboat, in which a man, his wife
and five children live, was torn from
Its moorings by the heavy driftwood
that was carried from flood points
above. Soon after being swept Into
the current the frail craft dragged over
sunken snags, sprang a leak and began
to sink. Two motorboats, after fight
ing off the heavy drift reached the
Bide of the boat just as the water was
sweeping over the deck. It sank with
in Ave minutes after the last occupant
had stepped to safety.
Tickle Sanders, a Memphis pugilist,
found opportunity to make himself a
hero. Sanders was rowing about tho
flooded district in north Memphis when
a skiff containing a man and a woman
making their way to their submerged
home to rescue a few of their belong
ings overturned. Sanders pulled the
two from the water just in time to
save them from being drowned.
A peddler who travels In the country
surrounding Memphis lived In a small
frame house. Water entered his dwell
ing. He moved to the attic. He made
his rounds in a boat that he moored to
a tree at night. Tho last night he slept
in his attic ho awoke to find tho water
nround his bed. Tho only Implement
available was a can opener. With this
ho cut nu opening In the roof and, find
ing his boat and stores safe, escaped.
Tho can onener probably saved his life.
Mother Carried Dead Baby.
The steamer Kate Adams, which
was near Modoc when tho crevasse
occurred near there, saved hundreds
of lives by taking refugees from rafts
and housetops. In tho midst of tho
rescue work tho steamer put out u
skiff to a woman who sat on tho roof
of her floating house. She sent word
buck to the captain that she would
not leave unless ho would consent to
take her dead baby aboard the steam
er, Accordingly n soap bor wan sent
to the floating house. The woman
brought out the babe's corpse, placed
It In the box and was rowed to tho
Btcamcr. Tho llttlo body was brought
to Memphis and burled.
One of tho I.eo lino steamers from
the Arkansas country that reached
Memphis told of a desperate fight with
a negro who refueed to leave a raft
on which he floated unless he was al
lowed to bring his mule. As a last re
sort the captain of tho boat tied the
raft bearing the mule behind the
steamer and towed raft, mule, negro
and all Into Memphis.
Death Missed Governor Brewer.
Governor Earl Brewer of Mississippi
had u narrow escape from drowning
ftroanvllln wlilln rtlreftlntr tho flsrht
30 Dead, 30,000 Homeless,
2,000 Square Miles Inundat
ed, $10,000,000 Loss.
on the floods when n skiff In which he
was riding capsized. Only the close
proximity of a flouting telegraph pole
and assistance by Dr. J. T. Atterbury,
member of the levee board, who help
ed him climb It, saved him.
The governor and ills party started
out to luakenu inspection of tho levees.
At one spot Governor llrewer asked
the rowers to sheer In nearer tho shore
as the crest of the levee at tho Indi
cated point seemed less firm than
elsewhere. As tho boat was turned
It suddenly struck an eddy nnd In
stantly cap'I::ed. Thoe In tho craft
shouted n brief warning nnd plunged
out. Hcsldc the skiff, however, was
the telegraph pole, and nil grasped It.
For a few moments the situation was
serious, but another skiff hurried to
tho place and pulled the party aboard,
tho governor being the last to leave.
Stirring stories are reported of the
rescue of the refugee in the flood
swept territory of upper Arkansas.
Ono thousand or more persons ma
rooned In WynnnUe. Ark., were brought
to .Memphis, rescued through the in
itiative of a citizens' committee.
Find Safety In Church.
The first of th" Wyanoke refugees to
be rescued was an assembly of about
100 persons. They were in a church,
where they had taken refuge when the
Photos by American Press Association.
SCENES IN FLOOD STRICKEN
levee broke. Their supply of provi
sions was scant. When It was seen
that tho water would Invade the church
a scaffolding was built of pews, and on
this platform more than twoscoro
perched throughout Sunday.
Attempts to get food were made by
the stronger of the men, who construct
ed rafts and explored tho Immediate
part of the township. Scarcely any
thing was obtained. The plight of
these people and of others near by on
roofs of houses, on rafts and on small
hills, now become Islands, was reported
to the Memphis authorities.
Many of the more aged were serious
ly 111 from exposure and lack of nutri
ment. Some had half waded and in
many instances had been forced to
swim to places of safety.
Ono of the phases of the flood was
the tying up of virtually all traffic not
only ou the .Mississippi, but on tho Ohio
and the other navigablo tributaries.
Usually n "big river" Is the signal for
an unuuul amount of traffic. Especial
ly Is this true of coal fleets from Pitts
burgh which go down tho Ohio on a
rise. Hundreds of barges and coal
boats were fast, waiting until tho Mis
sissippi should be open for towboats
again. High water, too, ou most of the
streams kept tho larger steamboats tied
tip because they couldn't get under tho
No New City Hall For Cairo.
During the flood a local option elec
tion was held at Now Madrid, Mo., and
tho "wets" und "drys" were out with
launches iuviting the voters In. Some
of the boats were sent eight miles Into
the country after voters. Doats of
every description crowded tho main
street around the stairway to the polls.
Excitement was bleb, nnd while tho
water was four feet deep It wai not
enough to dampen the zeal of tho par
tisans. A trip through the drainage district
north of Cairo, III., in n skiff presented
many remarkable sights.
Very few buildings were left stand
ing on their original foundations, nnd
many were carried two miles by the
water. Captain Samuel Orr. former
health officer of Cnlro, who ran a gro
cery In the center of the drainage dis
trict, did not get out before the flood
caught him. Ho was rescued after rid
ing nround the flooded district In the
second story of his grocery for twenty
four hours. With the first rush of tho
wntor Orr's building was carried off Its
foundation. It remained upright, and
the captain kept dry In his second
Soon after Orr was taken out by a
steam launch the building toppled over.
As one Important result of the high
water Cairo will have no new city
hall. The ?7r,000 voted for it a mouth
ago will be used to Improve tho levees.
The city now has no municipal home,
city ofliclals being housed In an old
A moving picture man arrived In
time to make films of tho levee work
ers. Ho set up his machine In the
levee In front of the Hnlllday house
and was well under way before Mayor
Parsons discovered him. At the may
or's orders the films were confiscated
and destroyed, the camera smashed
and the man commanded to leave town
or go to work tilling sand bags. He
Cairo Surrounded by "Water.
Cairo became an islond. The city
was surrounded on every side by wa
ter and transportation cut off on every
railioad entering the city.
A walk around tho levees gave a bet
ter Idea of t lm vast area that is inun
dated than could bo drawn from a ver
bal or printed description. With the
Ohio on the east, the eonllux of the
Ohio and Mississippi on the south, the
Mississippi on the west and cut off ou
MISSISSIPPI RIVER CITIES.
the north as a result of tho break in
tho Big Four nnd Mobile and Ohio em
bankments, together with the overflow
of the Cache. Cairo was the hub of
deep water navigation.
From tho subway north the scene
was one of great destruction and ex
treme destitution. Lumber piles were
wrecked, buildings submerged and in
many cases turned completely over and
rested upon their sides or roof down
ward in the water.
Factories were submerged to their
roofs, and tho water In many places
completely covered the telegraph wires
und the arms on the poles.
All along the high embankment that
forms the bridge approach refugees
from Future City gathered together
what few personal effects they man
aged to save before the flood drove
them from their homes and made the
most of their misfortune, thankful that
they escaped with their lives.
Most of these wero negroes, and the
extent of their effects consisted of a
little bedding, a few chickens and a few
pictures, hurriedly snatched from the
Thousands Fighting Water.
Thousands of men wero nt work bat
tling tho flood at many points along
tho river. Life was risked that prop
erty might bo saved. Great suffering
was prevalent in a widespread terri
tory. itefugees sought towns and cities
nearest their deserted homes. Many
underwent great privations beforo ar
riving nt some place where proper care
could be given them. Some traveled
miles afoot, hungry, often thirsty.
Township, county, municipal, state
and federal authorities afforded aid
where it was possible.
CAREER OF THE
LATE GEN. GRANT
Had First Military Experience
With Father at Vicksburg.
WAS ONLY 13 AT THE TIME.
Eldest Son of Pretident Ulyisss S.
Grant and Was Noted For the Rev
erence In Which He Held His Fa
Major General Frederick Dent Grant,
who died recently, was the eldest son
of President Ulysses S. Grant. He was
born at St. Louis, Slay 30, 1850.
Frederick D. Grant was with his fa
ther In the latter part of the civil war,
serving ns voluntary nld and dispatch
bearer to General Grant. He never
was formally mustered Into the serv
ice, although ho held from his father
a commission ns flrst lieutenant. This
boyhood record was "corrected" by
congress in 1010 so that he became
eligible to tho Grand Army of the lie
public. As soon ns ho was old enough ho
was appointed to tho Military academy
at West Point from New York and was
graduated and commissioned a second
lieutenant Juuo 12, 1S71, being detailed
to tho Fourth United States cavalry.
With this command he spent two years
Indian fighting on the frontier. He be
came flrst lieutenant on June 28, 1870.
Meanwhile, In 1873, he had been ap
pointed aid-de-camp to Lieutenant
General Philip II. Sheridan with the
rank of lieutenant colonel. In his
early western days ho was employed
also as engineer In the construction of
tho Union Taclflc and Colorado Central
railways. On June 1, 1SS1, Lieutenant
Colonel Grant resigned from the serv
ice after spending the greater part of
his time on tho frontier.
After leaving the army Colonel
Grant spent much of his time at the
home of his mother in Xew York. He
was constantly at his father's side dur
lug the illness which took General
Grant's life nnd after his father's death
took charge of the family affairs.
Minister to Austria.
In ISSo President Harrison nppolnted
him minister to Austria, and from 1S04
to 1S0S ho was one of the police com
missioners of New York city.
When the Spanish war began General
Grant wns appointed colonel of the
Fourteenth New York Infantry. That
was on May 2, 1808. On May 27 he
became brigadier general of volunteers.
He served in the Porto Itlcan campaign
and after tho war commanded the mill
tary district of Porto Itico. On April
10, 1S09, he was honorably discharged
and on the same day was reappointed,
with the same rank, and served to the
following January as a brigade com
mander in tho Philippines. From Jan
uary, 1000, to October, 1001, he com
manded the northern district of Luzon
nnd then until tho following April was
In command of tho southern district of
Luzon, when he was brought back to
take command of tho department of
In 1904 ho was for several months In
command of the department of the
lakes, where he had been ald-do-camp
to General Sheridan years before, and
then was for four years commander of
tho department of tho east, returning
again to his latest post as successor
of General Leonard Wood.
General Grant was married while
serving in tho department of the lakes
on Oct. 20, 1S74, to Ida M. Honore,
daughter of Henry Hamilton Honore
of Chicago. They have two children.
Was a Republican.
A Itopublican in politics, General
Grant's prohibition principles on one
occasion subjected him to considerable
criticism. In 1900 he headed a prohi
bition parade in Chicago in his full
uniform. Secretary of War Dickinson
said that tho genernl had participated
In tho parade as an Individual only,
and the matter was dropped. At tho
time there was some talk among Pro
hibitionist of trying to get General
Grant to run for president on that tick
et this year.
General Grant was known for the
reverence In which he held the mem
ory of his father.
Several weeks ago Genernl Grant
made a tour of inspection of tho coast
artillery posts In his department.
This tour took in tho posts from Port
land, Me., to Galveston. His last com
mand Included both the department
of tho east nnd tho department of the
gulf as division commander. The com
mand is regarded as inferior iu impor
tance only to the chief of staff in
Washington and tho division com
mander in tho Philippines.
It bus been said that for some time
past General Grant felt that he suf
fered from the same malady ns his fa
ther, and his friends say that tho wor
ry over this possibility played a con
siderable part In breaking him down.
Heavy Punishment For Wino Grower.
A wlno grower In France, convicted,
of diluting his vintage with water,
was fined $100, sentenced to n mouth's
imprisonment nnd compelled to pay a
heavy forfeit, while as n flual punish
ment his wlno was confiscated.
Twenty-sixth British Dreadnought.
Tho British battleship Ajax, launch
ed recently at Greenock, Scotland, Is
a sister ship of tho King Georgo V.
and is the twenty-sixth Dreadnought
In tho rtrltlsh nnvv
To Patrons Along the Scranton
Branch ot the Erie Railroad.
The afternoon train leaving Scra
ton as per schedulo following, runs
daily directly to Honosdalo, giving
people tlmo to transact their business
nt tho county scat and roturn homo
tho samo evening.
8:20 Scranton 1:30
8:13 Dunmore 1:37
8:02 Nay Aug 1:4G
7:G4 Elmhurst 1:55
7:43 Wlmmors 2:07
7:40 Saco 2:10
7:34 Maplowood 2:1C
7:20 Lake Ariel 2:34
7:09 Gravity 2:41
C:G9 Clomo 2:51
C:53 Hoadleys 2:56
C:37 West Hawley.. ..3:27
C:12 White Mills 3:38
6:03 East Honosdalo .3:47
6:00 Honosdalo 3:50
Published by tho Greater Honesdalo
Board of Trade, Honesdalo, Pa.
Send us tho news of your com
munity. Wo have btoh 'phonos.
Wo aro always glad to got it.
All oi the crops of 1911 experimentally
tested and hand picked from the yield of the
justly celebrated gardens of Vick.
at the drug store of
HONESDALE S ONLY BANK
SUPERVISED BY THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IS
HENRY Z. RUSSELL, Capitalist.
EDWIN F. TORREY,
HORACE T. MENNER,
LOUIS J. DORFLINGER,
JAMES C. BIRDSALL,
E. B. HARDENBERGH,
PHILIP R. MURRAY,
to be of Mutual Advantage and Satisfaction.
SAVINGS ACCOUNTS ACCEPTED, AND
THREE PER CENT. INTEREST PAID THERE
ON, WHETHER LARGE OR SMALL.
Open Saturday Evenings from 7:30 to 8:30.
JOSEPH N. WELCH
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Office: Second floor Maeonlc Build
lng, over G. 0. Jadwin's drug store,
OLD DR.THEEL & DR.W. LTHEEL
17 IV Spring Uarden nt., l'biui., i'it.,iir
nrrlr &lft N. uh HL1 Onl? Urmia Hntelallat la
Amtrlfa UaaranlrcitoCluroBUobrllill. wltkhU
' CntwrpsttH UerMtM Treatment, Pri? t I1mm.
i,tfiti, Atntii ntuBHuri, epecuic itioou
' l'oton (thtr onlj use Art nlf lamp, Injection
3trt try h oUm, Supri". Ioltlilj hritr arrt. ralaa
A Kilt thonqftniUt tkfr Ihtap Drug ant went than lb
Dltrate.) 5mqvi Dtblllt;. Lost 9!anbftd, hnpttrt, 111m,
II jdrotfl. Vftrlrotelf Mrlf lr(n ratline i t Bdcfelenaititt
it Hhranitn Org in, II I adder A RIdnr IItftt, LoMtt
Drain, Caret Abvtln A Married Mft,rrlorTI(r
A Ylea ( nj Htm aaJa. FrrthCattt Cirtd la 410 dirt
others tan'l. 10 jn. prarUcal A O jn, lloapltal Eiprinr
InOrMiaj Snd lor Hook ttllt a.11, Elpoalnc Sttvnn Otf
Atoantrr AdttrtWIait triads, llrt.i U-l, 0-0 Baa..
and Main Sts.
C. Dorflinger & Sons.
Lawyer & Author.
With us Cannot Fail