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THE CITIZKX, FIUDAY, DEO. 1, 1011.
ON THE FARM
Scientific Methods of State
Board in Protecting Live
Stock Investments. .
PLANS SAVING OF MILLIONS
Vigorous Campaign Against Bovine
Tuberculosis Value of Laboratory
Work to Stockmen and Veterinar
ians. A state board at Harrisburg pro
poses to sav tho farmers of Penn
sylvania five million dollars a year.
It U sstlmated that 'tho farmers of this
bU.'.-o annually lose live stock worth
th.t 'imount of money by diseases
whlcV can bo prevented. The State Llvo
Stock Sanitary Board has rendered
valuable service to the Pennsylvania
farmer since Us organization fourteen
years ago, but Its work appears to
Uavo only begun. The last census
shows that there are 206,975 farms In
Pennsylvania, and that the value of
the llvo stock on these farms Is $133.
219,000. The plans of the state board
to protect this Investment from pre
ventable losses from disease any be
ing closely followed, not only by llvo
stock raisers and breeders of tho
United States, but by those abroad.
Pennsylvania was the first state to
organize and properly equip a labor
atory where diseases of animals could
bo studied and recognized. It has
proven of inestimable value to stock
men and veterinarians. It is located
at the veterinary school in Philadel
phia, whore all possible facilities are
employed to study the mysterious dis
eases of animals. Tho laboratory la
under the direction of Dr. Karl P.
Meyer, who was trained in the best
schools of continental Europe. Dr.
Meyer also haB charge of experimen
tal work on tho state farm, which Is
located In Delaware County. He, with
his staff of qualified assistants, are
engaged in studying tho diseases of
domestic animals in Pennsylvania. At
the same time they are engaged in the
preparation of many test fluids, such
as tuberculin, mallein, etc., for the
diagnosis of disease. The preparation
of vaccine and sera for all diseases
against which preventive vaccination
measures .can be taken, are made in
accordance with the latest advance
ments of science.
Wide Range of Laboratory Work.
Sinco Jan. 1, 1911, 32,000 doses of
tuberculin, 1000 doses of anthrax vac
cine and sixty gallons of hog cholera
serum have been prepared In the lab
oratory and distributed among Penn
sylvania farmers free of cost. These
three products alone, If purchased in
the market, would hare cost practi
cally $15,000; more than half the
amount of money appropriated for
laboratory work for tho next two
years. Hog cholera causes tho larg
est proportionate loss of any disease
of swine, and this Industry represents
a money value of over six million dol
lars. Much of the laboratory work
has been done under adverse circum
stances, but ample facilities are now
provided for doing the work under the
best and safest conditions and much
better results may bo expected In the
During tho period referred to the
laboratory examined 550 pathological
specimens sent in by local practition
ers. In many cases the causo of tho
dlseaFo was discovered and valuablo
Information furnished for handling it.
The diseases caused by poisonous
plants and parasites have been made
the subject of special Investigstion.
Tho laboratory has gained an Interna
tional reputation on account of its tu
berculosis research work, and it is
hoped that with the improved facili
ties and equipment furnished by the
etate that It will take a prominent
place among those of tho countries ol
Europe In veterinry research work.
Tho fight of the board against bo
vine tuberculosis is an impressive fea
ture of its efficient service to tho cat
tle Industry. This was one of the first
animal diseases to receive the board's
attention. The plans for handling it
were carefully made and judiciously
executed. Tho first tuberculin testing
In America was done by tho late Dr.
Leonard Pearson, and a vigorous
campaign against this disease has
Menace of Bovine Tuberculosis.
The laws and rules regulating
the board's work are recognized
as the best by veterinarians through
out tho country. Recently dur
ing six weeks 3742 head of cattle,
brought Into Pennsylvania for dairy
purposes wore submitted to tho test.
Of this number twenty-three failed to
pass the test. During the same period
952 native cows were tested for farm
ers and forty were condemned and
safely eliminated from the herds.
Dealers are becoming more in sympa
thy with the work of testing animals
properly before offering them for sale.
Dairymen are much more careful In
purchasing dairy cattlo that are free
from tuberculosis than they were for.
merly. The most intelligent realize
that a dairy business cannot be con
ducted profitably unless the disease
The lmportanco of keeping tubercu
losis free h-rds ia still more apparent
In breeding herds. All states in which
dalrvlnjr Is carried on extensively
havo laws roquhiag that dairy mi 1
breeding cattlo niU3t bo properly ton
ed before they can bo accepted lrom
another state or country. It Is lmpern
tive that dealers, dairymen and brae !
ers should oL-.-rve the laws, rules
and regulations for shipping cattle
from ono state to another In accord
ance witlj tho requirements of the
state llvo stock sanitary board. The
federal authorities have wisely pro
vided that cattlo falling to pass a tu
berculin tost cannot ha shipped or
moved .from one stato to another.
Rabies Is ono of tho most lmpor'n'
diseases with which tho stato bca 1
has to deal. A rabid dog frequently
bites and Infects soveral animals In a
herd, and tho owner Is not aware o'
its visit until tho animal bitten sho--v3
symptoms of a strange disease tba. Is
seldom diagnosed properly until a
veterinarian is called.
Decline of Sheep Industry.
A few years ago Pennsylvania rank
ed high as a sheep raising stato, whllo
at tho present time comparatively few
sheep are kept. The decline followed to
a marked degree the development of
mining in tho western section of the
stato.notonly because the mining opera
tions decreased tho amount of pasture
lands, but because of the great num
ber of foreigners who worked In tho
mines and gathered about them a vast
horde of worthless dogs, over which
they had little or no control. Theso
dogs wore underfed, not confined and
roamed about, fought with othor dogs
and spread rabies through thoso sec-1
During two months of tils year
thirty-four cases of rabies were re
ported from twenty-four counties, and
in llvo additional cases the diagnosis
of rabies was made at the laboratory.
Quarantines to the number of 161 were
served on 425 animals, and thoy were
kept under close observation for 100
days. In four communities It was nec
essary to establish general quarntlnes,
which covered territory ranging In
size from one to five townships. In ad
dition to suppressing and eradicating
tho disease tho stato board, through
representatives in tho field, is endeav
oring to educate farmers as to tho
symptoms presented by different ani
mals affected with rabies.
Anthrax has been prevalent in sev
eral sections of the stato for years,
and in some cases the losses have
been high. For tho past few years tho
board has recommended the annual
spring vaccination of animals against
anthrax in sections whero the dlseas
has been known to exist.
Expense Borne by the State.
The work is done attbe expense of the
state and the results have been uni
formly satisfactory. In addition to the
annual spring vaccination 457 animals
were immunized this year during July
and August In five counties. Blackleg
occurs occasionally In all portions of the
state. It has many points In common
with anthrax and preventive vaccina
tion Is tho only means known for
checking It. The stato board has been
remarkably successful In fighting it.
A quarantino against Texas fever
has been maintained by the federal
bureau of animal Industry for years,
yet occoslonally native cattle are con
fined In sheds, driven across chutes or
shipped in cars that have been con
tamlnated by southern cattlo and have
not been properly cleaned or dlsln
fected. During tho past summer thrc-o
outbreaks occurred In Pennsylvania.
In each case tho disease was recog
nized promptly and Its spread Imme
diately checked. Nearly 200 anlmnl3
were exposed and twenty-four died.
The board employs agents to su
pervise slaughter houses In tho rural
districts of the state. As a result tho
rural slaughter houses now aro better
equipped, cleaner and far better man
aged than ever before. Many dis
eased carcasses, which would have
found their way to the table If they
had not been discovered by these
agents, havo been condemned and de
stroyed. Tho stato provides money to
pay the owner tho appraised value of
a condemned tuberculous carcass so
he will not be tempted to dispose of It
for food purposes to prevent his own
Support of Tener Administration.
A milk hygiene service recently has
been organized. Three qualified agents
havo been selected to travel through
tho state and assist tho local agents
In carrying out the requirements of
tho board. The bulk of tho work will
be carried on by local veterinarians.
Their principal duties at first will be
along educational lines.
Tho live stock sanitary board has
received tho support of every legis
lature since Its organization. The
favorable attitude of Governor John
K. Tener is Indicated by his
deep Interest In its work and his ap
proval of measures Intended to In
crease Its efficiency. Governor Tener
is president of the board. Its work Is
directed by Dr. C. J. Marshall, state
veterinarian, and one on the highest
authorities In this country on the dls
eases of domestic animals.
They Bay that any one can learn
The art of lofty flight.
Just ono more task I now discern
How do you learn to light?
"What Is that row upstairs?'
. "That actor couple will bo divorced
tomorrow, and they are having a fare
well quarrel." Satire.
"They say, among other things, that
you tied your wives up in sacks nnd
threw 'em into the Bosphorus."
"Tied 'em up in sacks, ch?" snarled
tho ex-sultau. "All I did was to get
'em some hobble skirts. They Insisted
on 'em." Louisville Courier-Journal.
In viewing baseball games at times we
note with creat dlslllw
A man who labors not at all, yet goes out
on a strlko.
FOR MODEL ROAD!
Pennsylvania to Lead in High
CONTRACTS UNDER NEW LAW
Modern System of Improving Thor
oughfares Purpose of Proposed
Bond Issue Support of Tener Ad
ministration. The Stato Highway Department Is
planning for Pennsylvania tho best,
system of Improved roads in this
country. An official of that depart
ment predicted recently that when the
work it has projected shall havo beon
completed the roads of the Keystone
State would be unsurpassed by the
famous highways of France, Ger
many and other European countries.
Model roads for Pennsylvania has been
made possible by the enactment by
the legislature at Its recent session
of tho measure popularly known
as tho "Sproul road bill." This
legislation received the earnest sup
port of Governor John K. Tener, who
during tho campaign of last year In
public addresses repeatedly empha
sized the fact that ho was an enthusi
astic good roads advocate and that the
influence of his administration would
be exerted for the advancement of tho
good roads movement. Since its In
ception tho good roads movement In
this state has been under Republican
Tho State Highway Department was
established during the administration
of Governor Samuel W. Pennypacker,
and tho act under which it was organ
ized Is the most liberal of all highway
acts whero tho Btate assists In paying
a portion of the cost of reconstruct
ing roads. Under this law $9,500,000
was appropriated and expended for
reconstruction work from June 1,
1903, to May 31, 1911. During that
period 850 miles of road were recon
structed. Ten per cent, of the amount
appropriated was set aside as a
maintenance fund and apportioned tn
the several townships and counties
according to tho number of miles of
improved roads therein, which had
been maintained to conform to the
state's standard. Under this law the
stato paid seventy-flvo per cent, of
the cost of reconstruction; the town
ship and county each paying one
eighth of the total cost of improve
ment. Tho maintenance of these
roads after construction was placed in
the hands of the township supervis
ors. Improvements Under Sproul Law.
Tho great demand for a system of
connected improved highways and
for a system of maintenance of the
roads already reconstructed and of
those reconstructed and improved In
the future had its consummation In
tho enactment of the Sproul bill.
This act reorganized the Stato High
way Department. It provides for two
systems of road work. The first des
ignated as "Stato Highways," is com
prised of about 8000 miles of public
roads and turnpikes as descrll1 ,1 in
29C routes. These roads are the prin
cipal main thoroughfares or highways,
forming and being main travelled
roads or routes between tho county
seats of the soveral counties of tho
commonwealth, and to tho stato line
and between principal cities, bor
oughs and towns. They will be mark
ed, built or rebuilt, repaired and main
tained by and at the sole expense of
tho state and they will be undor the
exclusive authority and jurisdiction of
tho Stato Highway Department. Sur
veys of each route must bo made anil
a map showing all details must bo pre
pared. The several routes shall be taken
over by the department on or before
June 1, 1912, except that portion of a
route which traverses a turniiko road
upon which tolls are c'v-fe-l.
The taking over of ho 'ill roads
will he deferred until tin mo.'.ov fn.ni
the proposed bond Issue bcome
available. "JV;o bonds cannot ha Is
sued until the resolution amending
3ectIou four of article nine of the
state constitution Is adopted at the
next session of tho legislature nivl
I afterwards approved by the peop'e
Section four after amendment will
read as follows: "No debt shall be
created by or on behalf of the state,
except to supply casual deficiencies of
revenue, repel Invasion, suppress In
surrection, defend the state In war,
or to pay existing debt; and tho debt
created to supply deficiencies In reve
nue shall never exceed in the aggre
gate at any ono time, ono million of
dollars; provided, however that tho
Seneral Assembly, irrespective of any
debt, may authorize the stato to Issue
bonds to tho amount of fifty millions
pf dollars for tho purposes of Improv
ing and rebuilding tho highways of
Three Millions Available.
The work of maintenance, repair
and construction of state highways
Will be carried on as equally and uni
formly In the several counties as con
ditions will permit. All contracts for
tho construction of state highways
must be let to the lowest responsible
bidders, with the option on tho part
of the State Highway Commissioner
to reject any or all bids. Contracts
must be made in the name of the com
monwealth, must be approved by the
Governor and must be approved as te
form ana legality by the Attornaj
General or Deputy Ailoruoy General.
The Sproul law appropriates thre.i
million dollars to establylsh and carry
on the work of tho department an J
for the purpose of maintenance, lo
pairing and construction of state hint'
ways and for the payment of tho
etato's share of the maintenance and
repairs of stato aid highways.
Under the now law tho Stato High
way Dopartment has made five con
tracts, aggregating about $500,000. Of
those two are for tho reconstruct'
of' tho Nnrrows Itoad In Ju..I t:i
and Mifflin Counties, between Ml
lllntown and Lewlstpwn. The other
contracts aro for work on tho National
Pike in Fayette and Somerset Coun
ties. State aid highways aro provided for
In the Sproul law in a manner similar
to that provided for under tho former
law. Applications for state aid In the
reconstruction of township roads can
bo made by tho supervisors of a town
ship to the county commissioners, and
the county commissioners must then
make application to the State High
way Department asking the state to
Join in tho reconstruction or tho roads.
In this case the township and county
each pay 25 per cent, of the total cost
of the work, tho state paying 50 per
cent. Tho board of township supervis
ors or county commissioners, without
the intervention of the other, may
make application direct to the State
Highway epartment asking for state
aid In tho reconstruction of township
roads, and In doing so said township
or county agrees to pay 60 per cent, of
the cost of such improvement, tho
state paying the balance of the cost.
Applications For State Aid.
A county reconstructing township
roads under the act of Juno 2G, 1803,
known as the "Fllnn law," may make
application to tho Department asking
for state aid in the reconstruction of
said roads, agreeing to pay one-half
of the total cost, the state' paying the
balance. The stato hereafter will
maintain all roads reconstructed as
state aid roads and charge one-half of
the cost of such maintenance to the
respective township or county in
which tho road is located. Twenty-nine
applications, asking for stato aid un
der tho law calling for tho recon
struction of sixty-four miles, have been
received at the State Highway Depart
ment. Several sections of road are
ready to bo put under contract as
state aid roads. The Department Is au
thorized to make a contract for the
amount of tho share to be paid by the
state, plus the respective shares of tho
townships and counties. The appro
priation to carry out the provisions
of this section of tho act Is $1,000,000,
which, added to the township and
county shares, gives $2,000,000 for
stato aid work for tho two years end
ing May 31, 1913.
The act of May 15, 1909, is repealed
and superseded by tho Jones act, ap
proved June 14, 1911, which provides
for the election of township supervisors
and gives the State Highway Depart
ment an oversight of tho 86,000 miles
of earth roads in the state by provid
ing for the board of supervisors of a
township making an annual report un
der oath to the Dopartment on or be
fore January 1 In each and every year.
It also provides "that all money ap
propriated under tho provisions cf the
act shall bo expended by tho super
visors of the respective townships for
the making of permanent Improve
ments on the township's roads, accord
ing to plans and specifications fur
nished by the State Highway Dopart
ment and under the supervision of lao
State Highway Department, such su
pervision to bo without cost to the
township," and giving the Stato High
way Commissioner tho right to with
hold from a township, neglecting or
refusing to expend the money as di
rected, the amount to which It would
otherwise be entitled.
Revenue From Motor Licenses,
Tho Sproul act also provides for the
furnishing by the State Hlghwaj
Commissioner of bulletins of instruc
tions to each board of township super
visors and that official Is also to fur
nish freo of charge standards, plans
and specifications for permanent Im
provements in the building of cul
verts, establishing of grades, propor
drainage, and such other matters
he may deem essential. It abolishes
tho work tax In all townships In tho
stato and provides for a bonus of 50
per cent, of the total amount of road
taxes collected to bo paid by tho state,
not to exceed more than twenty dol
lars foreach mile of township road in
said township. The board of supervis
ors of a township is to consist of three
members, who shall be olected as fol
lows; The term of all supervisors
elected in 1908 shall expire the first
Monday of December, 1911. The term
of all supervisors olected in 1909 and
1910 shall expire the first Monday ol
December, 1913. The supervisors will
meet on tho first Monday In Decem
ber, 1911, and yearly thereafter. Many
townships have asked tho Department
to furnish Information and plans for
small bridges and culverts and to es
tablish grades for tho cutting down
of hills and the Improvement of the
In addition to appropriations by the
legislature tho State Highway Depart-
.ment receives a large revenue from
motor vehicle licenses. From January
1 to October 1 of tills year the reve
nue from this Bource was $418,631,
During that period about 10,000 more
licenses wore issued than during the
entire year of 1910. Tho total issuo
on October 1 was: Registrations, 43,.
074; drivers, 15,483; dealers, 3960;
motor cycles, 4727, ana special, 849,
Britisher The raddy said that the
fee I offered hlra was shy about a
half. What did ho mean by "shy?"
nubblte no meant you had offered
him too modest n sum. Boston Tran
Notes For tho Nursery.
Baby should not be set on his legs
too soon. When he fecla llko It ho
will start walking as naturally n3 any
other little animal docs.
Peace at any price is tho motto of
the mother who resorts to tho baby
"comforter." None tbo less, to suck
one of these comforts Is a bad habit
difficult to break, nnd It Is as unhy
gienic as it is objectionable.
Baby Is much happier left In pcaco
to kick nnd crow in his cot than If hp
Is continually being dandled, and tho
constant nursing some mothers give is
merely gratifying to their own sense
of possession and not comforting to
Oatmeal does not agree with every
child, and When It causes heat spots
its use should ut onco bo discontinued.
A Hint to Mothers.
Children of nervous temperaments
often become chilled and fretful dur
ing a bath. Try bathing the child first
to the elbows and waist line, then dry
ing quickly with a Bmall Turkish tow
cl. Let the child sit in the water dur
ing this part of tho bath, so that the,
lower part of tho body may bo kept
warm. This keopa away chill, nnd tbo
bath can be fiutsbed In n moment, tbo
child remaining warm and comfortable
during the entire process. The prac
tlce can even bo adopted with excel
lent results by grownups whose cir
culation is n trifle sluggish uud who
sxperlenee the uaplcasant after bath
Bacon I should think that girl would
give up slnglug. Her voice has given
Egbert Yes. but her nerve hasn't
She's very fair to look upon.
Her eyes nro azure b!uo.
Her neck Is very llko the swan
And like tho snowdrift too.
Upon her charms, no matter whero
She goes, men turn to look.
But from the man who married her
I learn she cannot cook.
Detroit Freo Press.
"Don't you think that your devotion
to politics Is hurting your health?"
"I'm not In politics for my health."
"Mabel, you wi-re foolish to quarrel
with Charley." 1
"lie's a mean man."
"What has he done now?"
"I telephoned him today to send back
my lock of hair, and he asked me if It
was red. yellow or blaok." Washing
"Dost suffer In that Irksome dress?"
I askpd the hobbled maid.
Sho was u patient girl. I guess.
"I cannot kick," sho said,
W. C. SPRY
HOLDS SAIjKS AM'WIIEKE
iifAKi 111 li Jim
Tho Kind You Havo Always Bought, and which has hecn
in use for over 80 years, has homo tho signature of
0 and has hcen made under his pcr-
j45yr sonal supervision sinco its infancy.
i-taf7yt cucAiA. Allow no ono to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations nnd " Just-as-good" aro but
Experiments that triflo with and endanger tho health of
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment
Castorla is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its ago is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Poverishncss. It cures Diarrhoea, and 'Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Pood, regulates tho
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
Tho Children's Panacea Tho Mother's Pricud.
GENUINE CASTORS A ALWAYS
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Bn Use For Over 30 Years.
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POPHAM'S ASTHMA REMEI
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Hay Fever. Sold by druggists ; mail
receipt ot price $1.00.
Trial Packaco by mall 10 cents.
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