The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, November 24, 1911, Page PAGE 2, Image 2

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    PAGE 2
TtllS CITI.UN, FIHDAY, NOV. 21, 1011.
"I Shall Not Interfere,"
Says Governor Mann.
Virginia Exocutlve Ridicules Messaga
From nichmond That Ho Would
Grant Reprieve) if Condsmncd
Man Would "Tell All" To
Be Executed Friday.
IticUmoiid. Va.. Nov. 21. "I shall nnl j
Interfere." wero the flnnl words ol 1
Governor Mann In reference to th
subject of prantlng a reprieve for Hen
ry Clay Beattle, Jr., whose electrocu
tiou for wife murder takes place Frl
day at the state penitentiary.
Governor Mann was disgusted when
his attention was called to a mossag
sent out from Richmond in which II
was stated:
"If Beattle will make a full and
frank confession ho can live uutll
Dec. 24. Christmas eve. If he doesn'l
he shnll be electrocuted at the tlrna
now fixed. Let him decide for him
self." The governor di not like to be plac
ed In this position? which might possi
bly Influence a part of the much de
ceived public. He said In a most em
phatic way Hint he had made no prop
osition of any sort and would make
"I refer you," said the governor, "to
a statement Issued by me on Nov. 15.
I then said: 'To grant a respite In sc
plnlu a case would bo to sot a prece
dent which I would be called upon to
follow, would be to temporize with the
law and to encourage appeals to the
supreme court with the solo purpose
of gaining time. I bellevo the best
way to prevent such crimes as this ia
to punish them adequately, certainly,
speedily. Therefore the judgment ol
the circuit court of Chesterfield county
will be carried Into effect without in
terference.' "Upon this statement I stand at
firmly as when I signed it. I shall not
Nothing of n new nature has devel
oped at the prison. The prisoner wae
reported as doing well and received
his usual callers, those being prescrib
ed by law and consisting of his rela
tives and spiritual advisers.
Beef Packers' Trial In Chicago Set For
Chicago, Nov. 21. In postponing the
trial of the beef packers' cases until
tomorrow Judge George A. Carpenter
in the United States district court an
nounced that he was not disposed to
try J. Ogden Armour separately. Ar
mour could have been tried at once, as
lie was the only one of the indicted
pnekers not included In the blanket
habeas corpus proceeding of last week,
which Judge ICoblsaat quashed.
The lawyers for the indicted packers
refuse to say what their next move
will be In their long campaign for de
lay. They deny any intention of ap
plying to the United States supreme
court, even had the court not adjourn
ed. It is thought that a motion for
separate trials for tho defendants may
be made tomorrow, and this will give
o chance for such argument, many mo
tions and still further postpone tho ac
tual trials.
In the meantime the court machinery
Is working on the assumption that the
defendants, proceedings against whom
were begun in 1002, will appear at the
tar tomorrow.
Amateur Athletio Union Holds Annual
Meeting In New York.
New York, Nov. 21. Athletic law
makers composing the Amateur Ath
letic Uuion of the United States gath
ered here for the annual national con
vention, which took placo at the Waldorf-Astoria.
The prospects of the Olympic team
of Stockholm next year received every
attention, and a substantial sum was
officially donated toward the fund to
defray the expenses of the team.
GustavuB T. IClrby of Columbia uni
versity was elected president. The
new president is tho youngest man
who has ever held tho office, as he was
born at Philadelphia in 1874. Ho is a
graduate of Columbia.
James E. Sullivan was again elocted
Rakish Tilt of Ex-Speaker's 8tonle
Caused Defeat, Clergyman Says.
Ilockford, 111., Nov. 21. Uncle Joe
Cannon's cigar is to blame for Repub
lican losses in recent elections, accord
ing to the Itev. T. B. Thonipsdn, a cler
gyman of this city. Ho says tho rak
ish angle of tho former speaker's cigar
must be altered if any hopo for Repub
lican success In 1012 Is to be entertain
ed. This is the minister's dope:
"It was not the progressive cause
primarily that defeated Cannon for the
speukorshlp. It was tho pugnacious
tilt of that stogie. It Is the congres
sional 'red flag.' It is a chip carried
on the shoulder of conservatism."
Archbishop O'Connell at Gibraltar.
Gibraltar, Nov, 21,-Cardlnal Desig
nate O'Connell, archbishop of Boston,
has arrived here in perfoct health on
the Cauoplc. lit- goes from here to
nrnnnT nr rnr
il UTHt
Findings Will Be Presented
$ Soon After the Session
t Convenes.
7", HE report of the tariff board Ou
schedule K, the woolen sched
ule, is promised on Dec. 1. The
report on schedule I, the cotton
schedule, will come later, probably lr.
December or January. The board has
been working on other schedules anu
may report on the chemical, the stcci
and possibly one or two more during
Uie coming session of congress.
Especial significance attaches to
these forthcoming reports for several
reasons. Chief of these is that the
president vetoed tho tnrlff revision bills
of the extra session because the board
had not been heard from, but in effect
promised that ho would approve meas
ures based on its findings as soon as
the:-o were made public. That will
make certain n reduction of tho cotton
and wool schedules, provided the Deiv
ocrats and progressive Republicans can
r.ct together on the passage of bill?
based on tho board's recommenda
tions. The second factor that renders thf
new method of tariff legislation impor
tant Is that it has long been advocated
by tho manufacturers' association, by
the progressives and by other elements
l-'iom left to right
In and out of congress. Tho objection
urged by these to tho old omnibus tar
iff bills is that they were unscientific
and were subjected to congressional
"log rolling."
It should be observed In this connec
tion that the present tariff board docs
not como up to tho demands of those
advocating n permanent tariff commis
sion. Tho commission bill was killed
by a filibuster In the house during tho
closing hours of the Sixty-first con
gress. Tho rayne-Aldrlch law con
tained n provision empowering tho
president to appoint a board-to assist
him lu arranging the maximum anil
minimum schedules with foreign na
tions, however, and ho seized upon thi i
opportunity to have the board investi
gate the difference in cost of produc
tion nt home and abroad, thus doing
practically the work that a commission
would have done. For this purpose ho
increased the board from three to Arc
members. Congress gave him an ap
propriation to cover tho cost of the
work. The board reported on the wood
pulp and paper schedule during the ex
tra session, and it is worthy of note
that this is the one schedule on which
tho tariff was then reduced, tho reci
procity agreement providing that the
provision concerning pulp and paper
3hould go into immediate effect regard
less of tho action of Canada.
A Commission Thirty Years Ago.
It should be explained further that
there was a tariff commission back in
the eighties, beginning, I believe, In
1882. The tariff reformers charged
that this body was captured by the
high protectionists. At any rate, it
passed out of existence, and little more
was beard of the commission plan un
til tho agitation arose resulting in the
present bonrd.
The one great difficulty that stands
in the way of tariff revision at this
session is the difference in principle be
tween the two political parties, the
Democrats demanding a revenue basis
and tho Republicans standing for pro
tection. The theory on which tho Re
publican revisionists will work la that
the duties should equal the difference
in cost of production nt homo and
abroad. The theory of the Democrats,
or at least of most of them, will be that'
tho tariff should bo laid with the solo
purpose of producing revenue. It Is
certain that a large element of tho Re
publicans will favor no reduction at
all, so that theso can bo left out of tho
calculations. The factors that remain
to be considered are the progressiva
Republicans and the administration
group who will follow the president.
TKeso, two elements will probably be
Parties' Difference In Prin
ciple May Hinder Revision
of Schedule.
near enough together In the ponding
struggle to bQ classed as one. At least
they agree in theory as to tariff re
vision, however far apart they may bo
There then remain two factors to bo
considered the Democrats and tho
president himself. Tho problem will
lie to frame bills that will bo approved
by these three elements. Can the Dem
ocrats contrive n bill that will be ac
ceptable to the Republican revisionists
and the president? Can tho La Fol
lette insurgents, tho administration
senators and the Democrats of the sen
ate get together on amendments that
will pass muster In the Democratic
house? And if the two houses of con
gress do ngree on legislation, as they
did during the extra session, will it be
signed by the president?
Practical Statesmanship Needed.
Considering tho fundamental differ
ences between these groups and in
view of tho fact that all of them will
be engaged In playing presidential poll
tics up to tho bent of their natural ca
pacity, it must bo admitted that tho
outlook Is doubtful. The only thing
that will save tho situation Is practi
cal statesmanship. Fortunately the
special session revealed the presi-noo
Thomas W. Page, Alvln II. Sanders, Henry
of considerable practical statesman
ship in the Sixty-second congress.
There has seldom been more need for
it than in this first tryout of the plan
of one schedule at a time revision.
The chairman of the tariff board is
Professor Henry Crosby Emery of tho
chair of political economy, Yale. He
has held that chair since 1000, prior to
which time ho wns Instructor und pro
feasor of political economy nt Bow
doln. It will thus be seen that on the
political economy stage ho was the boy
In the middle of the spot light. He had
John Stuart Mill for breakfast, Adam
Smith for lunch and Rlcnrdo and all
the others for dinner. He knew the
science of government as a musician
knows the scale or a member of tho
legislature knows the grafterB' brlgnde.
Professor Emery was born in Mnlne
In 1872. Ho wns educated nt Bowdoln,
Harvard and Berlin.
Emery on "Cost of Production."
That Professor Emery does not take
either himself or tho tariff board too
Fpiiously is indicated from a speech
mado by him at n banquet of the
American Association of Woolen nnd
Worsted Manufacturers in New York
on Dec. 8, 1010. Hero is a portion of
his speech as quoted In the Worcester
Evening Post and reprinted in the
New York Evening Post:
"There- are certain things that are
very difficult to get, and one thing,
that, nccording to the platform of the
Republican party nnd Incidentally
that does not mean anything to me,
except that I have been given the job
nccording to that platform Is to try
to get the cost of production. I thank
you all, gentlemen, that you did not
laugh. Laughter. I frank
ly say rignt here that this idea of set
tling things on cost alone by any
mathematical or algebraical or geo
metric ratio or problem or theory is
all nonsense. You must not think. I
am joking about this thing, but there
is a joke about it, and the joke Is this:
I have no powers whatsoever. Tho
tariff board has no powers. There Is no such thing ns a tariff board.
The law snys that for certain purposes
the pJesldent may employ such per
sons as ho sees fit. I am one of such
persons. That Is all." Laughter and
As yet there has been little or no
Indication of what kind of a report
the tariff board will give. This quo
tation -would Indicate that on tho one
Important subject the board was ex
pected to Illuminate viz, the cost of
production at home and abroad. It baa
.met difficulties. Soma authorities havo
said that It would be Impossible to
find any reliable dtn ns to such cost,
that it fluvtuntes !n different years
and different localities nud that man
ufneturers would not give true figures
If it is impossible or impracticable to
obtain such information the report
should make this point plain once and'
for nil. That in itself will clear the
The facts that are known, however,
indicate that tho cost can be deter
mined, that tho tariff board has had
cxpert.i going through the wool grow
ing districts and the woolen mills both
nt home and abroad, that tho wool
growers and manufacturers have co
operated with these men and that the
report on Schedule K will be the near
est to a scientific and reliable present
ment on comparative cost of produc
tion that has ever been made..
Burton, Not Bronson.
James Burton Reynolds, the second
member of the tariff bonrd, wns origi
nally a newspaper man who got into
politics. He was born In New York
state In 1870. graduated from Dart
mouth, was Washington correspond
ent for a Boston newspaper two years
and later an editorial writer on the
New York Tress, was secretary of tho
Republican state committee of Massa
chusetts for nine years and then was
made assistant secretary of the treas
ury at Washington. In this capacity
Mr. Reynolds had especially to do with
the custom service, so that he became
nn expert on the tariff. During tho
sugar trust disclosures In New York
attacks were made by some of tho in
vestigators on Mr. Reynolds, but noth
ing came of them beyond newspaper
Because of the similarity of their
names Mr. Reynolds has been confused
with James Bronson Reynolds of New
York, who has also been In politics.
During tho Roosevelt administration
.Tames Bronson Reynolds wns one of
C. Emery, James Burton Reynolds, William M. Howard.
tho investigators of tho Chicago pack
ing companies, making a somewhat
scathing report thereon. Most of the
pictures printed of James Bronson at
that time were in reality those of
James Burton. A few years later the
aforesaid Jamo3 Burton was scheduled
to speak at a Chicago banquet and in
the beginning of his remarks was care
ful to explain that he had nothing to
do with investigating tho beef trust.
He felt this statement wns necessary
on tho score of personal safety.
Alvln II. Sanders, the third and last
member of the original tariff board, is
the controlling owner nnd editor of the
Breeder's Gazette of Chicago. Ho was
born in Iowa In 1800 and was educat
ed at Cornell, at the Union College of
Law and nt the University of Illinois.
In tho last named Institution ho was
mode a doctor of agriculture. He prac
tlced law in Chicago for a short time,
then began work on the Breeder's Ga
zette, with which he has been connect
ed over since. He was for three years
secretary of tho National Cattle Grow
ers' association. United States commis
sioner to the Paris exposition in 1000,
president of tho International Live
Stock Exposition association of Chica
go in 1008 and chairman of the Amer
ican Reciprocal Tariff league from
1005 to 1009.
Two New Members.
Within tho last year the president
appointed two additional members of
the board. They are William M. How
ard, formerly a member of the house
of representatives from Georgia, nnd
Professor Thomas Walker Page, pro
fessor of history and economics in the
University of California.
Mr. noward was born In Louisiana
In 1837 and was educated in the Uni
versity of Georgia, no began tho
practice of law nt Lexington, Ga and
was for eight years the solicitor gen
eral of the northern circuit of the
state, ne was a member of congress
for fourteen years, but was defeated
for renominntion In 1010. Uncle Lon
Livingston went down at the same
time. One of tho charges urged
against both was that they had voted
for the Cannon rules.
Thomas Walker Page was born In
Virginia in 1807 and was educated at
Itandolpb-Uacon college, at the Uni
versity of Virginia and at Leipzig, Ox
ford and Paris. He was dean of the
:ollege of commerce, University of
California, for two years, then head
of the department of economics of tho
University of Texaa and since 1004
has benn In the same position In the
University of California.
He Led British Conservative
Party For Many Years.
Was First Eleoted to Parliament In
1874, When Twon.ty-slx Years Old.
Late Marquis of Salisbury Was His
Uncle and Helped Shape His Career.
Arthur James Balfour, for many
years the recognized leader of the Brit
ish Conservative party, both in office
and opposition and who has Just re
signed his leadership, was born in
1848. His father was James Maitlnnd
Balfour, scion of n distinguished .Scot
tlsli family, and his mother was Lady
Blanche Cecil, a sister of the late Mar
quis of Salisbury. Tho boy was edu
cated nt Eton ,nnd Cambridge univer
sity, ne wns a great favorite of his
uncle, the Marquis of Salisbury, who
had great faith lu his abilities, and in
1874 lie was able to enter parliament
ns a Conservative from Hertford. Four
years later he became his uncle's pri
vato secretary, and from that moment
his upward progress In political life
wns constant.
In 1878 he accompanied Lord Salis
bury to Berlin, and on his return to
England associated himself with what
was called the Fourth party. He did
not prove himself a remarkably ener
getic member of this revolting asso-
elation, and in 1884 thought it wisest
to sever his nctlvo connection with it.
He soon became n privy councilor nnd
president of the local government
board. In 18S0, when his uncle re
turned to power he found himself a
member of tho cabinet and secretary
for Scotland.
Excelled In Debate.
Meanwhile, he had been steadily es
tablishing his Influence In the house
of commons, whero he was recognized
ns n fluent, subtle and forcible debater.
Soon ho was nppolnted to the exacting
post of chief secretary for Ireland.
Thus Mr. Balfour got his foot upon
tho first step of the ladder. The crimes
act and the creation of tho congest
ed board were features of his Irish
policy. In 1890 he mado a prolonged
tour In Mnyo, Donegal and other west
ern districts of Ireland and met with
an exceedingly cordial reception from
the peasantry, then in Imminent dan
ger of famine. This calamity fell upon
them in 1805, and Mr. Balfour Issued
a public appeal which resulted in the
collection of $300,000.
In October of 1891 W. H. Smith (Old
Morality), the respected leader of the
Unionists in the bouse of commons,
passed away, and Mr. Balfour was
called by the unanimous voice of his
party to succeed him. A rise so swift
is rare in British political annals.
In the general election of 1802 his par
ty was beaten, and when ho again en
tered the house of commons It was ns
leader of the opposition.
On the return of the Unionist party
to power in 1805 Mr. Balfour once
more became first lord of the treasury
and leader of tho house of commons.
In 1005, by which time bis govern
ment had plainly lost much in public
confidence, bo resigned, nnd at the en
suing general election he and his party
were overwhelmingly defeated.
Since then he has been In opposition,
and his leadership until very recently
had never been directly challenged.
Mr. Balfour In his leisure moments
has found much delight in philosophic
speculation. His best known works
aro "A Defense of Philosophic Doubt"
and "Foundations of Belief." He Is
also tho author of a Romanes lecture
ship on "Decadence," and be has been
tho recipient of many honors from va
rious universities.
Mark 8t of Lbby Prison.
The site of the famous Llbby prison,
now occupied by an Ice factory, has
been marked by a bronze tablet un
veiled by tho Confederate Memorial
I.ltfirarv soclntv.
Office adjacent to Post Office In Bliumlck
XKT&l. H . LEE.
Office over post office. All legal business
7i 0. MUMFORD,
Office Liberty Hall building, opposite thr
rost Office. Honcsdale. l'n.
Office over Hell's store. Ilonesdale Pa.
Special and prompt attention elven to the
collection of claims. Office over Hell's nnw
171 T. KIMBLE.
uiui-e over mo uosi ouice Jionesaale. Pa.
Office in the Court House, Honesdale'
u ITTATJUPV a. riArtvanrnn im .
uuuuiuii, XJIUJUBtiUiC, x a,
unices mieiv occupied by Judge Searle'
Office adjacent to Post Office, Honesdale, Pa
Office First flnnr. nM Ravlnon Kunlr K.,n,i
nib, iiuucBumri x u.
n IIf1.n,l 1 11 "
It. 0. R. BRADY,
1011 MAIN ST.
Citizens' Phone.
m, - " " " - . , .... t, .
ju aiiuer, liUKESiJAI.E, PA
1 l"i;trl. . . .
HHL-ivi-u rfirniii nrtunijnn
T TVIOIJY. llrorl li I..,-
I 1 ... i:.. ...1.1!..l e
...u.wv. ma incij coi.iuuDijiiiuui iron
The Jeweler
would like to see you if
4. jrJU UIE 111 nil; IIICjrKCC
"Guaranteed articles only gold."
in your family you of course call
a reliable physician. Don't stop
at that; have his prescriptions
put up nt a reliable pharmacy,
even it it is a little farther from
your home than some other etore.
You can find no more reliable
etore than ours. It would be im
possible for more care to be taken
in the selection of drugs, etc., or
in the compounding. Prescrip
tions brought here, either night
or day, will be promptly and
accurately compounded by a
competent registered pharmacist
and the prices will be most rea
sonable. n t ruimocDc
V. . VsllttlTlUEilVO,
Opp. D. & II. Station. Honekdalx. Pa.
t . u u s
uermiin-nmerican nom
I Vtlllilwilll Q0Mk, A) idfrtUIr lelo
Fotltd, DWd or ttftfabad Ta, Da't Jdr all till
I 6000 Dlller..! Dr.c.. U nil utk .i.rj I.dlild.
wba Lll.d. Writ., .t.t. t..r C... I. Uriel e..tld..c
BROADWAY and 11th ST.
Within easy hecett of every point of in
tereat, , Half loclc from Wanamaker'i.
Five minutes walk of Shopping District.
NOTED FOR i Excellence of cuiiii,
comfortable appointment, courtrvua
aervice and homelike turroundinKa.
Rnnme SI flfl nrr dxv Knit i-.
i(iin privilege! 01 Bain
SI. GO per' day and up
Tibia d'Hold BreaWaat . . B0o