The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, November 08, 1911, Page PAGE 2, Image 2

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    i'AGB a
This Railroad
Was Expensive
Quarter of a Milo of Jefferson
nranch of Brio Cost 9125,000
to Build.
Tho recent disappearance of parts
of the Canadian Northern roadbed
Into bog holes has led to many stor
ies by railroad engineers about some
what similar troubles.
The New York, Susquehanna and
Western, now owned by the Erie,
had troubles with several such holes
it met with while, the road was being
constructed through New Jersey
that for a time held up the construc
tion of tho road.
An expert railroad constructing
engineer gives It as his opinion that
the most expensive piece of railroad
construction in this country up to
recent years, at least, was a small
piece of the Jefferson branch of tho
Erie, between Carbondale and Sus
quehanna. The oxaqt spot Is near
Ararat. This road was originally
built by the Delaware and Hudson.
Here Is what the engineer has to
say about it:
Engineering Feats.
"Some of the recent gigantic engi
neering feats in railroad construc
tion in the Rock Mountains and else
where may have equlred the making
of a more costly quarter of a mile of
roadbed than a stretch of that length
of construction on a little railroad
up In Pennsylvania did, but aip to
.the date of some of those possible
tasks I believe that the quarter of a
mile of roadbed on that Pennsylva
nia road was the most costly in the
world. That railroad, now a divis
ion of the Erie, climbs the lofty hills
of Northeastern Pennsylvania be
tween Susquehanna and Carbondale.
"When It was constructed the
roadbed for the distance of a quarter
of a mile disappeared one night. An
apparently bottomless bog covered
all that distance where the railroad
had been and the space of fifty feet
in width. After 10,000 cartloads
of rock and gravel, over 100,000
tons, and more than 500 great hem
lock trees, branches and all, had
been thrown into that great pit
without having any visible effect to
ward the forming of some kind of a
'bottom to it an effort was made to
sound it.
100 l'eet Deep.
"A pile 40 feet long was thrust
down Into It Its entire length. On
top of that pile another the same
length was placed and driven down,
and forcing the one beneath It on
down, and still no bottom was
struck. Two more forty-foot timb
ers were put down on top of those
two before solid ground was found,
and It was known that a pit 1G0 feet
deep, 50 feet wide and a quarter of
a mile long had to be filled up be
fore the railroad could get any fur
there on its way.
"The existence of this enrious
formation at this spot was the more
remarkable because it was on the
summit of a rocky ridge more than
2,000 feet above this. When tho
depth of the big sink was determin
ed a row of piles was driven in tho
manner of the test piles, on both
sides of the space required for the
rehabilitation of the roadbed and the
securing of its maintenance.
".More than 10,000 of those huge
timbers were used, being driven close
together to form subterranean booms
that prevented the escape of any
t'hing dumped into the enclosure thus
When the hair begins to fall out it
may require the advice of a special
ist, but a little cheap experimenting
sometimes sets matters right.
'Perhaps you find washing the hair
a great trouble and neglect to clean
the scalp. This becmes clogged and
the hair falls out.
You lly immediately to some pat
ent remedy and by rubbing tho ex
pensive concoction into the scalp with
a sponge succeed in freeing the pores.
New life returns to the roots and the
restoration is voted marvelous. It
Is a mighty good thing In many
cases to use these remedies, but not
always. Many hair lotions are very
valuable but there Is no harm first in
seeing whether soap and water "will
do the trick."
Often this is all that Is needed.
"I can't be bothered to wash my
hair frequently," you say, and stop
at that.
It the hair is abundant there is a
good reason why you shirk the task,
but try making a good lather, dip
Another way is to part tho hair
down the center and rub it with a
piece of sponge dipped In soapy
Continue the partings on each side
till the whole head is thoroughly
The long hair will not be soaked,
only the top of the head.
i'ou need not rinse the soap
If you rub well with a towel your
Head win dry quickly and there will
be no trace of stickiness If fairly
sort water is used.
Should you not care to do this the
sponge dipped in clear water and
used as before will remove the soap.
Camphor water applied to the nose
with a soft cloth at Intervals will
reduce the pores of the skin.
Persons not susceptible to colds
should try walking briskly in the
rain without an umbrella as a tonic
for the complexion.
Equal portions of pure rice pow-
uer ana some one of the favorite
French face powders make a dell'
cate and effectual flUIng for the
powder box of the woman who al
ways cannot afford the French
Tho teeth should be brushed thor
oughly with a reliable powder or
paste In the morning and lightly af
ter each meal and before going to
The new modeled tailored suits at
Menner & Co. stores are made ' on
modern Hnes of best materials, lat
est cuts.
Ex-Chief Croker Suggests a
Department Founded on
"Pure Food" Lines.
EDWARD F. CltOKEIl, former
chief of the New York Ore
department and who has a
record of more than a qunrtcr
of n century ns a Ore fighter, was one
of the chief speakers at the recent lu-
yrnntlonnl municipal congress and ex
position at Chicago. Mr. Croker's sub
ject was "The Reduction of Fire
Waste," and his address was devoted
principally to tho question of Are pre
vention Instead of fire fighting. In
part Mr. Croker said:
"I have fought the fire demon in
New York' city for twenty-seven years,
twclvo of which were spent as the
ranking officer of the uniformed force.
Throughout these years I was1 steadily
nnd irresistibly led to the conclusion
that, while fire fighting and fire ex
tinguishing organizations of our great
modern cities hard reached a high state
of efficiency and were keeping well
abreast of the demands mado upon
them, our citizens, as a rule, paid too
little attention to tho vital matter of
fire prevention.
"Tho enormous fire waste of the
United States varies from $200,000,000
to $400,000,000 annually, nnd tho vast
ly greater Indirect losses that result
seriously nffect our economic and civic
progress. The loss of lives by fire is
one that cannot be realized save by
those unfortunates whose relatives
and friends have been lost 1b many
deplorable calamities.
Great Loss Unnecessary.
'This utter destruction of more thou
a quarter of a billion of dollars In
property in addition to tho lives incal
culable In money vnluo is not an act
of God nor one of the inevitable
chances of Industry nnd commerce.
"All that Is necessary is to npply the
test of comparison with other coun
tries of like civilization. In round
numbers tho per capita fire loss in tho
United Stales has been from $2 to 4
against 33 cents in tho principal Eu
ropean countries. One of the condi
tions In theso countries that operates
to effect a lesser loss than here Is the
larger ueo of noncombustlblo mate
rials duo to tho high cost of wood.
Another reason is the intangible Influ
ence ef their older civilization, which
makes these people more careful of
small savings in all their affairs and
generally more cautious than we have
yet become.
"But, allowing for theso fundamental
differences between the countries com
pared, It Is yet apparent that the fire
loss In tho United States, which Is be
tween seven nnd eight times that of
the greatest European country, is out
rageously and criminally greater thnn
It should, be. It has been my observa
tion that tho large majority of fires
arise from preventable causes. In fact,
every fire of consequence is prevent
"Tho subject of fire prevention Is
vastly more Important than that of fire
fighting. When one conflagration hns
been checked or prevented you have
accomplished little. Tho chancea for
repetition tomorrow are equally as
What Is Fireproof.
"If we nro to better conditions you
must realize that 'fireproof Is not 'fire
proof as it Is understood today. The
literal definition remains, but many
crimes have been committed in Its
name. I know of no more.abused word.
I am sincere in tho conviction that the
government should make it n heavily
punishable offense to apply the term to
anything but nn absolutely fireproof
"There is but one principle to fire
proof construction, bo It either homes,
hotels, office buildings, theaters, apart
ments, battleships, railway cars or
what. To have fireproof buildings
orchhitects and owners must throw
aside precedent nnd eliminate the use
of combustlblo nnd semlcorabu'stlble
materials In their construction.
"If I had my way about it I would
not permit a piece of wood, even the
size of u lead pencil, to bo used In the
construction or finish of nny building
In tho United States exceeding a
ground area of 25 by 00 feet or three
stories In height. If there was still nn
nbsoluto necessity for Its use, If it
could not bo replaced with steel, ns It
has been In many modern construc
tions, it would then bo well to attempt
to c,oncelvo of something better. I am
opposed to tho use of wood In any form
In fireproof buildings, rind tho law
ought not to permit Its use. Wooden
floors, wooden window frames, doors
and casings burn nnd help other things
to burn; wooden trim and bases burn
everything that is made of wood burns
nnd helps tho fire to spread. Eliminate
wood removo tho cnuse, and you have
precluded tho possibility of fires.
"We have no department of our gov
ernment devoted to tho matter of fire
prevention. Our laws on tho subject
nro not specialized to completely cover
any particular building or business, al
though they could bo mado broad
enough In their general application to
go a great way toward partly solving
the problem.
Federal Action Suggested.
"It Is my firm conviction that the
rtnito Rtatra Government should
He Would Not Permit a
Piece of Wood In Buildings
Three Stories High.
establish a department, founded some
what on the lines of tho puro food law.
for tho puropso of establishing lab
oratories whose business it should be
to test and classify various materials
used throughout the construction of
fireproof buildings in order that the
public may bo provided with a satis
factory and snno schedule, of standards
of kuown safety and which shall be ac
cepted as such by all departments nud
Authorities In this country, nnd the
law or' laws necessary to make these
conditions possible should be enacted
with the idea constantly In mind that
the present so called fireproof build
ing is such only so far as its exterior
s concerned and that legislation is
needed nnd demanded by tho public to
insure ndequate and proper protection
to tho lives of nil persons who may be
called upon to congregato In all build
ings of a public or semlpubllc nature.
"Under tho majority of tho present
building codes so called fireproof build
ings are substantially fireproof In the
sense that a conflagration rarely does
serious injury to the building itself.
The flnmes may rage from room to
room nnd floor to floor; floors, doors. ,
partitions nnd nil interior fittings may
char and bo consumed; tho contents
may be destroyed throughout and some
or many of the occupants lose their
lives, but the four walls nnd frame
work, that Is. the organic structure of
the building, usually comes through
tho conflagration Intact. It is tho com
bustion of contents, not damage to the
buildings themselves, that makes Are
losses in tho United States so heavy
in proportion to the amount spent for
new construction. The need, therefore.
Is not for ordinance requirements
which will make the buildings more
effectually 'fireproof,' but enactments
which will protect the inmates nnd
contents of buildings by making it
Impossible for n fire once started to
course virtually unchecked from room
to room nnd floor to floor of a building
whose walls are fireproof. In other
words, death proof and conflagration
proof construction are necessary re
quirements for now compulsory legis
lation for 'fireproof construction.'
Future Construction.
"Future construction must be so re
quired that tho starting of flnmes In
one room of a building need not make
Imperative the Instantaneous exit
therefrom of all persons employed? In
tho building, or even on tho floor where
the firo starts. Means of safety for
both persons and property must bo se
cured In tho building, and even on tho
floor where the fire starts, by making
Impossible tho instantaneous convert
ing of elevator shafts and stairways
Into flues for the flames and by making
Impossible the rapid spread of flames
from room to room nnd floor to floor.
Nothing could be more dangerous,
more expensive or more unnecessary
than tho idea that the safety of work
ers In factory and loft buildings can
best be secured, or can be secured at
all, by providing means of rapid exit to
tho street. Tho cost of tho kind of fire
escapes and the nddltlonnl stairways
properly required, as well as the con
siderable Bpaco occupied by such do
vices, would make them almost pro
hibitive in expense, evpn If practicable
or effectual, which they could not bo.
"Even if, however, all the occupants
could bo got out safely and in time, no
reason appears why the contents
should be left to tho mercy of flames
coursing from room to room and floor
to floor until checked by tho activities
of tho firemen. Both persons and
property should be afforded protection
in the building by making Its construc
tion really fireproof that Is, death
proof nnd conflagration proof thereby
confining the flames to a limited area
within which to burn themselves out,
consuming only such contents as are
not removed to safety behind doors
and partitions ns effectually Are resist
ing as the walls themselves.
One Great lesson.
"Ono great lesson which many re
cent fires hnvo taught Is that no build
ing Is moro fireproof than aro its doors
and windows, whllo tho presence of
wood in trim or casing anywhere less
ens to that extent tho firo resisting
and firo confining power of tho struc
ture. No iatter if tho walls are fully
fireproof, doors of wooden construc
tion permit the flnmes to sweep from
room to room and floor to floor instead
of being confined to ono room, as Is
posslblo In fireproof buildings In real
ity, not fireproof only In name.
"now often It Is truo that hotels,
theaters, apartment buildings and tho
like nro advertised as 'fireproof
throughout' only to have some fire dls
closo that tho buildings were verltablo
'firo traps,' the fireproof construction
of tho walls, floors and even stairways
making only more perfect flues for tho
rapid combus'tlon of Under-like doors,
partitions, window casings, trim and
room contents. Those who go into
public hotels and halls nt night should
have protection and assurance that
rcpresentnions of fireproof construc
tion aro la reality well founded.
"Every building should have straight,
broad stairways of fireproof construc
tion, and every door and partition, no
matter how small or how temporary,
should l flrenroof."
Convicts Cheering
A Convict Play
All those who have attended
"Alios Jimmy Valentine" in tho past
will be at least Interested to read
that that stirring play of convict life,
which on so many occasions 'has
warmed the hearts of law-abiding
citizens of tho land, was as much of
a thriller to nearly 2,000 prisoners
at the San Quentln Prison in Cali
fornia some two weeks ago, Tho
prisoners, of whom nine had been
convicted to die, cheered rampantly
the exciting elements of the play,
and when at the end the hero's par
don Is finally secured, their joy mado
itself known for miles around. The
Governor of California was himself
an Interested spectator and, though
visibly affected by tho scene, rofused
to make comment or to admit that he
proposed pardoning any of tho con
demned men. The following ac
count of this unique performance Is
gleaned from tho San Francisco
Evening Post of October 5. It re
counts that:
Sitting with their heads bared In
the sunlight of the prison yard, with
"condemned row" as the lobby of
their open-air theatre, 1,851 prison
ers nine of them condemned to die
unfolded one of the greatest
dramas of life to-day as "Alias
Jimmy Valentine," the great convict
paly, was enacted by the same com
pany that has been appearing 'before
San 'Francisco audiences.
The production of the noted play,
which carries With it a mighty lesson
to all humanity, marked one of the
most remarkable Incidents in the his
tory of prisons. It was the first time
In history that a professional play,
with all Its scenery and original cast,
was ever given insido the walls of an
institution where men and women
are denied the rights of associating
with persons of the outer world be
cause of their crimes against society.
It was the most unique audience
that ever gathered to witness a play
and the rows of men In their stripes
of shame and the women prisoners
in their blue dresses furnished a
scene that has never before been wit
nessed. It was the drama of life revolving
about the drama of the stage, and as
tho regeneration of the stageland
burglar was unfolded, the enthusiasm
of the convicts waxed warnier and
warmer until it ended in a mighty
cheer for the character that showed
them their inner selves as they wish
ed to be known when outside the
walls of the prison.
But for the stripes on every hand
one would have 'forgotten that he
was In a prison. Tho convicts were
not treated as outcasts of society, but
as men of the world. There were
speeches, extolling the virtues of the
stageland burglar who "turned
When the noon hour approached
the prisoners were taken to the pris
on yard, where everything had been
arranged for the great show. They
took their seats, even as you would
take your seat In a "flrst-come-flrst-
served" theatre. The prison band
played the usual overture and then
the curtain of canvas was raised and
".Alias Jimmy Valentine," with his
message of hope to tho poor souls
denied their liberty, was theirs.
The audience was composed of
prisoners with the nine condemned
men sitting close ,by the fifteen wom
en, who were the special guests of
Warden Hoyle. No outsiders, be
yond newspaper men and prison at
taches, were allowed Inside the
Tho play which dealt with a con
vict's struggles for reformation was
presented on a convict-built stage,
with part of the scenery painted by
convicts. A convict 'band furnished
the music. The stage was In a cor
nor of the prison yard and the play
ers voices echoed back from the
.windows of tho death-cell.
When seemingly the last convict
had been seated on a slopo looking
over the walls, nine cell doors clank'
ed open and as many men, condemn'
ed to death, clattered down the Iron
stairs and lined up at the foot, with
George Figueroa, a happy-faced boy
who is to die for the murder of his
wife In Los Angeles, at the head.
Mrs. Hiram W. Johnson, wife of
the Governor of California, with a
member of the State Board of Par
dons and his wife, were the only
civilian guests present, although
high officials for three days past In
terceded for themselves and their
friends to obtain admittance.
The first scene, wo read, was most
It showed the office of tho warden
In the play and tho furniture was
taken from tho office of Warden
Then as each scene was unfolded
the prisoners compared It with their
own life, and that the experiment
was a telling ono could be gathered
from the expressions heard on all
sides. All agreed that the show was
a good one. Some of the men, prom
inent In the days before their crime
made them outcasts, reviewed the
show with the stoicism of the man
of tho outer world.
Others not so woll groomed In the
advance of tho drama talked of It as
a child with some new toy. They
could not review it with tho same
light that the others had, but Its
moral sank all the deeper, and for
the time they forgot that they wore
looking and hearing only the artifi
cial life of the stage and lost them
selves In Its story as though thoy
were watching the game of life.
From early morning there was
much hurry and bustle about the
prison, for tho convicts made ready
the stage settings under tho guid
ance of a skilled stage-hand. Cap
tain William G. Leale of tho steam
er Caroline, and known as " tho
prisoners' friend," carried extra
chairs and scenery from this city to
the prison early to-day and the
prisoners hustled as they never did
before to get everything in place In
time for the curtain to rise on time.
When It was time for tho play o
begin, the prisoners gathered in the
grounds, where a natural amphithea
ter is formed under the walls of the
old sash factory. No extra guards
were employed, and the convicts
moved in an orderly manner. It was
an event, indeed, In their lives, and
to some It brought hack the ever
haunting yesterday.
Thft wnrdnn nt iha nlov nnA fVio
warden nf San Onnntln nm turn Hlf.
ferent characters. One, the stage
warden, is an unthinking, unsympa-
tneuc, uncoutn orute. John Hoyle,
warden of San Quentln, Is a fair
friend, kind and rnnnMorntA rtt nvnrv
man who wears the stripes. Tho
man mat. staiKea the boards In that
prison yard was far different in his
relation to "Alias Jimmy Valentino"
than Warden Hoyle appears In the
eyes of tho unfortunates in tho pris
on. Jlmmv Vnlnntlna liimantr illus
trates " honor among thloves." On
tho stage he Is portrayed, by H. B.
Warner, an Englishman, and he
captivates you from the moment he
makes his first appearanco till the
curtain drnns. Hn notor "nnolioo"
on his "pals," and It Is his very
stearastness tnat wins for him his
reward in tho end.
It Is very sad but there is only
about one woman in a thousand who
realizes the Imnnrtnnnn nf n tirnnn.w
adjusted veil. To arrange a veil
over the queer shaped hats worn this
fall is not an easy matter, but if a
woman values her appearanco she
will tako time to put on hr "beautl
fier" as neatly and becomingly as
It Is well to avoid cheap colls, and
It Is unwise to wear any veil too
long as it Is extremoly bad to have
anything near the skin that Is not
absolutely clean.
Cream -brussels net veils are worn
a great deal this autumn, and they
have the advantage of washing like
the proverbial handkerchief.
Snnttml hlnrlr nnri rMA ..nil., n.
In favor, and when lined with pink
muuues mey aro great complexion
aids. Chantilly lace is also fashion
able, but ono has to he careful with
what kind of hat lace veils are worn.
A very large hat with a lace veil
runs the risk of helng overdecora
tlve and of over-weighting the dress
that Is worn with It.
This season all veils aro eased
round the brim so as not to touch
the face too closely. And no one
twists the veil Into a little knot be
neath the chin, a habit that was
ruinous to tho veil and unbecoming
to the wearer.
It Is a fairly safe thing to say that
the best way to put on a veil is to
pucker it in front, attach it to the
edge of the brim, carry the upper
edge of tho veil all round the hat
and fasten It with a pin, gather up
the lower part, fasten that and the
veil will then bo hanging quite
loose all round the face, but not in a
becoming manner for the profile
probably. This, however, can be
made right by two hairpins, which
should be attached to the back edges
of the veil under the hrlm behind.
It Is most Important - that veils
should be carefully folded and put
away after each wearing, and it is a
pleasant fashion to keep a sachet
of rose leaves among them, so that
when brought Into use they are deli
cately perfumed.
Bell Phone 9-U BETHANY, PA.
H.T. Weaver
Architect and Builder
Plans & Estimates
Residence, 1302 EastSt.
It Is wonderful what an
amount of dignity and confi
dence ono gets from tho fact
that he has a growing bank ac
count. Tho possession of mo&
ey you have earned and savecj
yourself makes you Independent
mentally as well as In regard to
material things.
Become a regular depositor In
a good, strong, growing Insti
tution like tho
Honesdale Dime Bank
We will help you with three
per cent. Interest. Each now de
positor Is presented with a use
ful, as well as ornamental house
hold bank.
Wo make a specialty of loan
ing money to Wayne county peo
ple. Duslness accounts solicited.
Call and see us or you can do
your banking with us by mall.
Write and we will tell you
JOS. A. FISCH, Cashier.
E. C. MUMFORD, President.
'hl.thu.ter' I
1-111 In lied t
toiet. texlej w
Take no other.
Diuril.t. AskfotCiri.OirKH.TEB8
vein known u, Alwiyt RellibU
C Have The Citizen sent to
your address. Only $1.50 per
our I'rufji.i for a
Diamond ItrndV
o4 tiold mctftlllcVVV
Ith ftlllrt RILhnn. A
aik tj
Hut of rour
Uk If
Offlce adjacent tp Post Olllco In Dlmmlck
uiuio, xiuiicouuie, x u.
WJtS.. H . LEE,
Offlcepver post office. All lecal tmslnesi
Office Liberty Hall bulldlne. opposite tUe
i uai uiutc, xiuiiuouuie. x u.
Office over Hell's store. Honesdale Pa.
Special and prompt attention given to the
collection of claims. Office over Kelt's new
siuru xionesuaie. i'a.
Office over the post office Honesdale. Pa.
Office in the Court House, Honesdale
Ofllce-Second floor old Savings BpHs
tjiuces imeiv occupied Dy judge scans
Office adjacent to Poat OQlce, Honesdale, Pa
ituucouaic, a a.
,R. O. R. BRADY,
1011 MAIN ST.
Citizens' Phone.
es civen careful attention.
T I VERY. tred. G. Ricknrd has re
I I Hl.MT.l1 Uia 1 .-M-.t I. 1 I. . I
corner Church street to Whitney's Stonh
AAX......... ...........
The Jeweler
would like to see you If
vnu rt rp In tlio mnplr.fH
"Guaranteed articles only Bold."
in your family you of course call
a reliable physician. Don't stop
at' that ; have his prescriptions
put up at a reliable pharmacy,
even it it is a little farther from
your home than some other store.
You can find no more reliable
store than ours. It would bo im
possible for more care to be taken
in the selection of drugs, etc., or
in the compounding. Prescrip
tions brought here, either night
i or day, will be promptly and
; accurately compounded by n
I competent registered pharmacist
: and the prices will be most rea
i sonable.
i Opp. D. & II. Station, Honesdale. Pa.
uurwan-Hmerican nom
ThaaIimmmIi JUea Jb Women, younir old
I I GalffiSIIll " a"rl. A c-4 ft tar.d, I
The GERMAN American TDtitMcuT
wko uua. Writ, iiit ir r.i. 1. ttrUt ..nju
r,V.V feu! 1 1th ST.
V . nf r ry nwit of l
L . L! j. 1 . ' t rt
NOr 'Cr.. U-etrn. of
rout' 1 In pp umrntit, c ou n
'drove .uid VmncliW' -unuur, Jiru
! Hcsir.s St.CO per i j anJ t,
Wiih privilege ol Bath
i $1.(50 per (Say and up
Tb!c d'Hoia Brtakfait . SOa