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I It 1
WOUld-be Many of City-Bred
By GEO. D.. DRABDIT ''
rofWe Bogie Man
(Br mr charles morbis
f W""" '
OW comes tho festival'
of the Bogle Man. II
you want to try some
thing that Is novel and
amusing In connection
(with It you cannot do
better than make a fewi
experiments In the con
struction of vegetable
manikins, which aro
hey aro usually made at home with
le am of a few vegetables Bucn as
nd the contriving of them will afford
lot of amusement.
For example, with a fair-sized pota-
for a body, a beet for a head and
couple of carrots for legs you can
irn out quite a humanlike figure.
nun mm 1 1 t-tti i v nn inw iiiiim. iiruiiL
couple of eyes and a nose, cut a
una nolo unneai.il tun iiuhb iui
ie insertion 01 a cicar ana you
ill have a sporty-looking goblin,
htch only needs some sort of a hat
II ii niinv in ma nnnn ni n ttii h urn
The deft handling of a penknife will
ccompllsh wonders In the manufac
lro of such vegetable manikins, help
ng out hero and there In a sculptural
important, am. Jjor instance, a po-
'ATV you want to try some- rrr- bnw aMw-wa W W Ml I
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iiwiihlti. vJ 1 1 11 11 iiritiirn nnnv. n Tiirnin npnn itnii
couple of cucumbers for legs requires some
. wpII nn n olnh n Yn ImnH tn lend h1m n nrnn
pair of mustaches consisting of two ears of
UULt'H IMIUHILV 1(1 tJL 11 I'M HI Mil.
Or, If you like, you may construct a clown, with
small beet for a head and a couple of carrots
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The question of feet for the manikins may be
bit puzzling, but small potatoes will serve the
mirnose satisfactorily, and radishes are excellent
One or two Incidentals of clothing may bo dis
creetly aaaeu, sucn as a necnuo ior a auue imim
Irln nr n veil fnr n lnrlv pnhlln. Thn ladv coblln.
by the way, may be provided appropriately with
tilled with a narasol to carry in her band, tno
effect will be more picturesque.
Some girls are very clever at contriving such
things as these, and, with tho suggestions here
given, almost any bright young woman ought to
be able to put together a few Hallowe'en manikins
thnt will be a surnrlse to her friends. If she
choosos to celebrate tho occasion by a party, she
. . . 1 . I i . 1 1, 1 I ..Ah m.AOt
.n HttrVU Vrt U UlCOOUb. a uu.. mw.w vv
, 1. J 1 1 1 ni. Yr (in I nil 1
I L II I .1 fl II Illicit UU,4 I i ' J " 1
ahall be a "take-on" in some way upon me re-
otniant Thiio n Hnrtn mnnlkln mlcht be bestowed
.innn a vn inn mnn i'iitiwtiii-miiiim i i i i liiu HmKau.a ui
his apparel. This will make a great deal of fun.
Jack o'Lanterns are always appropriate to Hal-
lowe'en, and small ones, made out of little pump
kins and provided with grinning teeth and staring
eyes painted on paper and glued on the inside of
the lantern, will help out the array of gifts for
the guests on such an occasion. A small-sized
lantern of the sort makes a first-rate head for a
goblin, whoso body may be an orange if desired.
The reason why vegetables, fruits, and nuts al
ways figure so conspicuously In the celebration of
Hallowe'en Is simply that the festival is by origin
a harvest rejoicing. It is a thanksgiving for tho
safe nnd successful garnernlng of the crops In
autumn. Therefore It is that apples, pumpkins
and nuts, which are typical autumn products, are
most used as symbols In connection with the oc
casion. The ceremonies appropriate to Hallowe'en are
of wholly pagan origin, and even to this day the
Ancient rites are celebrated In parts of Scotland.
Great fires (r relic of the pagan Baal fires) are
built outdoors on heaps of stones. All tho home
fires are put out, and, until midnight, only these
are permitted to, burn. Then, at the Btrok of 12,
each person takesi a bit of tho fire to his home,
nnd with It kindles a fresh blaze upon his hearth.
At this ceremonial many centuries ago the Druid
priests otnclatefl. Tbe fires they kindled were
In the ninth century Pope Gregory IV, ap
pointed November 1 as a day for the celebration
of the memory of all saints and martyrs not al
wady honored by an allotment of special days in
the calendar. Henco
the name. All-Hallows,"
or "All Saints'
Day." The choice of
this day was deter
mined doubtless by
the fact that the first
of November, or rath
er tho eve of the night preceding it,
was the occasion of the ancient pagan
festival of the harvest For It was tho
policy of the church to supplant heath
en by Christian observances.
If you give a Hallowe'vn party you
can amuse your guests by placing upon
a table a large dish full of vegetables
beets, carrots, turnips, potatoes and
onions the number being the samo as
that of the men present To each vege
table should be tied with a gay ribbon
s a card bearing a man's name. Then the
ladles should in turn be blindfolded, and,
being led to the table one at a time,
should pick out a vegetable, which, ac
cording to the card It bears, will decide
who shall be the partner of Its possessor for the
Another amusing game requires that each girl
in turn shall go out In the yard, or into the street,
blindfolded, and led by' somebody else and pick
up the first fallen leaf that comes to hand. If It
Is ragged and dirty her future husband will be
poor. If yellow he will be wealthy; it red he will
be a witty and brilliant man; if green he will be
In case you are puzzled to choose between two
lovers place three nuts on a stove or before the
fire so close that they will be Jgnlted. One you
name for yourself and other two for the young
men respectively. If one of the nuts jumps and
bounces away, you know that the person It rep
resents will prove fickle and an undesirable hus
band. As for the other, if it remains close by
nnd the two nuts burn to ashes together you
have reason to believe that this lover and your
self will make a happy match. Some quite an
cient verses describe the test as follows:
These glowing nuts are emblems true
Of what in human life we view;
The ill-matched couple fret and fume
And thus In strife themselves consume.
Or from each other wildly start;
And with a noise forever part
But see the happy, happy pair,
Of genuine love and truth sincere;
With mutual fondness while they burn.
Still to each other kindly turn;
And as the vital sparks decay
Together gently sink away,
Till, life's ordeal over passed,
Their mingled ashes rest at last
Some of the most amusing atJHallowe'en games
have for their object the solving of problems of
destiny In regard to matrimony. In one of them
three small bowls are placed on the table the
first one empty, the second filled with clear
water and the third containing soapy water. Girls
are blindfolded In turn and led to the table, with
instructions to dip tho left hand Into one of the
bowls. It the band Is dipped into the clear water,
the maid will marry a bachelor; If Into the soapy
water she will capture a widower, and if Into the
empty receptacle, she will remain a spinster all
A similar test of fate Is made by means of tho
so-called "fortune cake," In which aro baked a
ring, a thimble, and a silver dime. Each maiden
in turn cuts a slice of It, and she who secures tho
piece that contains the ring may expect to be the
first bride. The one who gets the coin will havo
a rich husband, but she to whoso lot tho thlmblo
falls Is doomed to splnsterhood.
There are a number of ways of performing the
famous mirror experiment, but the correct method
Is to take a candle, go alone Into a dark room, and
eat an apple before a looking glass. The hour
must be midnight exactly, elso nothing will hap
pen. But, If these directions are strictly obeyed,
at the very stroke of 12 tho young woman will
see In the mirror the face of her future husband
looking over her shoulder.
Of course it may be a stranger's face, but that
only makes It more interesting and romantic.
Bobbing for apples is a favorite Hallowe'en
amusement, and as a means of diversion Is highly
regarded. The apples are placed In a tub of
water, and, as they float about, each person tries
in turn to capture one of them by biting it. It Is
not an easy task, and the frantic efforts of the
participants in the game are bound to excite
much merriment It is required that tho hands
shall be held behind the back, and the under
standing Is that any young woman who falls to
secure an apple will never get a husband.
Occasionally, as a variation on thi3 method, an
apple Is suspended by a string In a doorway or
from a chandelier, and one person after another
tries to get hold of It with tho teeth as It bobs
about. Tho difficulty of the task Is greater In
proportion to the size of the apple. For some
reason never satisfactorily explained, apples play
a very Important part In most of the doings con
nected with this witches' festival, and even the
seeds of the fruit are counted, like daisy petals,
for magical purposes.
The seeds In an apple, of course, vary In num
ber, and hence the opportunity for speculatitm.
As sho counts them, the maiden recites: "Ons, I
love; two, 1 love; three, I love, I say; four, I love
with all my heart; five. I cast away; six, he
loves; seven, she loves; eight, both love; nine, ho
comes; ten, bo tarries; eleven, he courts; twelve,
he marries; thirteen, they part; fourteen, die of
A future husband's occupation in life may bo
ascertained by pouring melted lead into a glass
at midnight on Hallowe'en. As it chills, it will
take the shape of the tools ho uses. Another plan
that may be adopted by the Inquisitive damsel
Is to fill her mouth with water, take a handful of
salt and run around the block. The first name
she hears as sho regains her starting place will
do mat oi ner aesimea spouse. When a merry
party of girls take part together In this experi
ment it Is sure to make a lot of fun; for most of
them aro bound to giggle, thus losing the water
they hold in their mouths, and Incidentally they
forget tne salt tney hold In their hands and drop
it Naturally, under such circumstances the
charm falls to work.
A story Is told of an American girl traveling In
Ireland, who chanced to visit on Hallowe'en a
humble dwelling. The old woman whose home It
was told her that she would show to her her fu
ture husband's face, If she would pay n shilling,
The maiden willingly complied, whereupon the
old woman bade her look In tho mirror. "I see
nothing but my own face," said the girl. "Never
mind, my dear,' quoth the old woman, "it will
be your husband's face when you get married."
GAMES FOR HALLOWE'EN
First the invitations must, of course, be appro
priate. Tiny note, paper, with fairies and hob
goblins on it, can be bought; but any girl or boy
with a very little trouble can make nicer ones.
You might write the invitations on silver paper
half moons, on which you can sketch (or paste,
if you cannot draw) owls, gypsy fortune-tellers
or, horseshoes. Or, take pieces of red card board
about four inches square; then cut out of black
paper funny little goblins, witches and fairies
Arrange them on the red card as artistically
as possible, and print the invitations in black or
gilt paint, If you can put it in rhyme, all the
The decorations should be of autumn leaves or
bunches or wheat, Jack-oManternB, strings of pop
corn, or pine cones tied from narrow strips of
deep yellow cheesecloth or bunting. The little
gourds or squashes, deep yellow, striped green and
ruddy brown, make cunning favors for each child's
plate. Cut off the top and fill them with the old
fashioned round, red peppermint drops. If you
can find one of the very long gourds (sometimes
they are a couple "X feet long), they are very at
tractive scooped out and filled with trailing vines
or autumn leaves.
For refreshments be sure to have sticky mo
lasses taffy, popcorn balls, doughnuts and hot
green pickles, if you have nothing else. The ices
can be bought In witch moulds, but if that is
too expensive, serve It In a huge scooped-out
pumpnin set, on n piatter surrounded with
wreath of ivy or autumn leaves.
If you like games for prizes, why not have a
winter tour-iear clover party for good luckT Cut
any amount of three-leaved and a few four-
leaved clovers out of green tissue paper and nun
bered on the back. Hide them everywhere, the
moreout-of-the-way places the better, so long as
a tiny edge Is in view. When the hunt is over
each boy and girl adds up tho numbers on the
back of the leaves found, counting 25 for every
rour-iearea ciover. The person having the high
est sum total wins the prize.
Or you might try tossing peanuts. Each play.
er in turn is given 15 peanuts, and standing
about eight feet off tries to throw as many as
possible into a small round basket The one get
ting in the most nuts wins the prize.
HE "VAST majority of city-bred persons have no place on farms
and no conception of tho self-denial, independence, initiative!
and self-reliance required to make a success of farming or fruitj
or poultry raising or of any branches of rural industry, aside1
from the capital required.
Indeed, most of those who undertake such a change arei
destined to a disastrous failure, much more far-reaching in itsi
results than tho lifo of tho particular individual.
There is a largo class of city dwellers to whom this docsf
not apply who have been reared on farms and who, for one rea
son or another, have drifted into city employment.
Tho plan of Eudolph Spreckels hardly meets tho situation. A better
plan would be the organization on a strictly business basis of a national!
land exchange, along the lines of the board of trade and the stock exchange,
the object of which should be to regulate the conduct of members sellings
lands at a distance, either for colonization or investment; to provide facili
ties for investment, salo and exchange of lands and to give to the pur
chaser some guaranty of fair dealing from the land seller and of getting
full knowledge of what ho is buying and the difficulties ho may expect to
encounter if he becomes a settler or investor.
Those engaged in the business of selling lands should themselves take
the initiative on such a scale as to assure the confidence of the public and
the success of the enterprise.
Our rural communities are in need of educated men and women for
the farms. What is wanted is more accurate information for the land
purchaser and a fuller understanding of the demands made upon him by
the new occupation in which he proposes to engage.
A national land exchango would help greatly in
Such an organization could co-operate with rail
roads and steamship lines and board of trade' and other
public bodies in all parts of the United States to secure
better distribution of immigrants coming to the coun
try from abroad and could assist in securing an intelli
gent and reasonable presentation of the merits of each
section of the country for the settler and investor.
By IIAItVEY PEAKE
in A prominent merchant once dismissed.
shopper: "Wo usually sell that for $1.25,
but seeing it's you, I'll let you havo it
The article regularly sold at $1. Noth
ing could injure a business more than to.
make customers feel that personal influence
governs prices. In the first place, an intel
ligent buyer cannot help discovering tho
salesman's duplicity, and aside from the
fact that it is against all good business
principles, there is another thing to bo con
Some people, foolishly enough, allow themselves to bo persuaded that
they are of special importance and can buy goods at that particular store
at lower prices than anyone else. They becomo accustomed to looking
for reductions and feel angered if called upon to pay tho regular price
But, worst of all, they spread the impression among their friends
(hat they have a so-called "pull" at So-and-So's, and offer to use their
influence to get the reduction in price for their friends also.
Of course there are times when it is necessary for ever well-regulated
business concern to cut prices upon merchandise for instance,, when cer
tain lines refuse to leave the shelves or assortments are depleted. But in
fhis case the cut is general and applies as much to Mrs. Jones as to
Some salesmen who desire to be clever and who have a high opinion
of their ability along this lino are inclined to work this sort oi confidence
game on their customers: They will take the favored ones aside and
inform them that, as a special favor, they are going to let them have
for $1 an article for which every one else is paying $1.25, while in reality
$1 is tho regular profit-bearing price.
This ruse may work for a- while, but it is, nevertheless, bad busi
ness. It is well enough to impress a customer with the fact that an
article is worth more than ho is asked to pay for it if this is actually
the "case, but they must not be led to believe they can buy it for less
money than any one elso can.
Honest business methods pay in the long run.
to be Fat
By V. It. RUDDELL
I have about come to the conclusion
that tho good Lord intended for some of
his creatures to bo fat and some thin, re
gardless of medicines and so-called infal
For. a long while I tried all the alleged
obesity cures and none of them did me any
good. Then I determined to starve myself
and take lots of exercise.
All my life I had been a lover of good,
eating, and counted that day lost on which
I did not consume for my dinner the bet
ter part of a Birloin steak as thick as a.
darky's foot, with all the trimmings, .
For breakfast I usually destroyed a platter of cakes, three eggs and
no end of thin-sliced bacon, besides fruits and two cups of coffee.
This lifelong system I abandoned for an entire month, cutting out
all tho meat and about all the vegetables, a piece of toast and glass of
milk taking the place of my morning meals and a little rice being tho
chief item on the meager dinner bill of fare. Lunch I omitted wholly.
In addition I walked at least six miles every day and did all sorts
of stunts in my room with a gymnasium outfit. Prior to going to bed
I perpetrated all sorts of muscular contortions and rolled on tho floor
till my body was bruised.
At the end of thirty days I felt fit to run a three-mile .footrace or
go in the ring with the champion.
About this time it occurred to me that I ought to get weighed, and
I made a bee lino for tho scales.
My grocer assured mo that they were correct to an ounce, but theyj
showed I had gained fourteen pounds, in tho period of my abstinence, j