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Tins CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, OCT. 11, 1011.
JjETTEK FItOM UIOHWOOI), WEST
Tho rattle of acorns and chestnuts
at night on tho roof of pur house and
porch with each little gust of wind,
interferes with sleeping somewhat,
for wo are in tho midst of tho nut
trees and they carry unusual burdens
of nuts this year.
We klndlo our fire with clothes
pins and wagon hubs. Fact! For
Winter's fuel tho fine splint and
steam coal which outcrops In tho
West Virginia hills Is ideal.
IUchwood Is eleven years old and
boasts of G,000 Inhabitants. Several
villages of railroad men and wood
choppers containing perhaps a couple
of thousand more are scattered along
tno company railroad which runs 40
miles up Into the timber.
The "Cherry Rldco Boom and
Lumber Company," with offices at
Scranton, Pa., own nearly 200,000
acres of timber and timber land here
and operate a saw mill with a capac
ity of 400,000 feet In double shift of
ton hours each. This Is sufficient to
construct a fair-sized town each dav,
Tho larger portion of tho output goes
10 njuropo via. Baltimore. Tho com
pany owns 13 locomotives and their
railroad Is standard guago with 70
pound rail. Fully 100 miles of track
will 'be required before the timber Is
Tho "W. F. Mosser Co.'s" tannery
Is one of the largest and best equip
ped establishments of the kind to be
The Cherry River Paper Co. oner
ate an immense plant.
The Dodge Clothes Pin Co. boast of
the largest factory on earth for the
manufacture of clothes pins and but
Add to these the Richwood Hub
factory, owned by Mr. Henry G. Sher
wood (formerly of Preston township,
wayne county and we have an array
of industries such as will not be
found under like conditions else
lou wm observe that this ar
rangement takes care of all varieties
of timber of all qualities and sizes.
Richwood Is located at the Junc
tion or the Cherry River with the
north fork and the south fork of the
same and is a most interesting town
from every point of view. The bot
tom, to say 200 acres, is taken up
with the Immense factories described
above, together with business houses,
etc. Thus most of the residences oc
cupy the sides of tho hills which are
not quite steep enough to plant on
both sides. The streets running up
ana aown these inns aro extremely
steep and the sidewalks consist of
steps or stairs. The view from these
residences is grand. It is flue to
look out over tho mills in tho night,
to watch the hundreds of electric
lights and to listen to the throbbing
of the giant engines and the noise of
the lumber handlers as they stow In
piles the tremendous output of this
Richwood has excellent schools.
employing iy teachers and a superin
tendent. The First National Bank
and the Richwood Banking and
Trust Co. are flourishing Institutions.
We have five churches, the M. E., the
and Cathollfi. r.odcps nf Mnanno
Odd Fellows, Red Men, K. P.'s, etc.
The coal lying In these hills await-
1 1 1 ir iiRVHi ii ii in n r ia novnni nn nn o.
tlon worth untold millions. The
soil is adapted to tho raising of all
Irlnrla nf f?rnln rnntu frnlf ntirl
Maw York nnrl Pnnnsvlvnnln nro
A. B. TALLMAN.
HIGH SCHOOIi NOTES
The High school is now in good
Atlt3 In tho T-TIP'h cihnnl ninnai
H. Pfithlr-k. n. A.. nrlnrln.il. MIkq
Almn. CI TMnhlrt nnrl Mica Hartriirla
nn snr inn ncBiatnnfc 'pim cnhnn
lrpp.rnra hfivo nririori itintiv now raf
arirn Hhrnrv nnrl n now hamlpnl
fthnmfnrv hna hopn Inctnllorl Tin-
mtiir rnomHnivoa in rno nrnr mnnnnn
jreseiu senior Class consists oi lour-
een siunenis wn pn in .a nrottv fnir
Yes, we are going to be there at
iuo iiuer-uiiin tscnooi contest ana
W. H. Bullock, state orchard In-
I'llOQrtnV rtf lnor WOQlr At hf nlnnn
nnmiftLRn jl n mi Rr nr rno Rpnnmra
iirniiurr Jin rirnriiirn linn PYn mnnn
he diseases of fruit trees and their
A few of tho youths about the
icademy treated " Shorty " Olver and
asnionea sKlmerton Tuesday even-
IE. Arter " Shorty " thought that
be serenading had gone far enough
ivpr jrriri i?Rr vniir nirrnrs wnmn
With the editor's leave, we will
nlinnl ann f 1. I . V. . ....... t.
i home-made product) in order that
iLHHr iikh inRnnirinnfl nr nnmini.
iictv u ruusuu in liiiiLiirn nnr pirn .
ent example. So here goes:
O L11U 1J11ID UL (Jill Un 111 flnL II H
meet tho eastern Bky.
rn tnv memorv.
IT vuu Vlllll,Ui UGCllCUO
U VUU (Mill
Jn thy western wall.
PIjANTING A YOUNG OHC1IAHD.
The editor of a prominent news-
laper in western Pennsylvania
vroto to Prof. H. A. Surface, asking
ilm how he could lay out his or
hard of eight acres in such a way
hat the trees when planted would
e a suitable distance apart for the
llfferent varieties, and at the same
Imo would stand in straight rows,
vhlcfc could be cultivated each way.
He also asked for a list of fruits
of various kinds to plant.
Tho reply Is based on practical ex
perience, and contains suggestions
wnicn may Do helprul to many per.
sons who wish to plant home or
chards. It is as follows:
" Roplylng to your letter asking
about planting your eight acres In
fruits In such a way as to ' have
straight rows throughout when tho
planting is finished, I beg to say that
your best plan will be to plant your
permanent apple trees forty feet
apart. Hair way between these, or
twenty feet apart, plant your peach,
plum ana cherry. Half way be
tween these, or ten feet apart, you
can grow quince, dwarf pear and
grapes. Half way between these
again you can plant gooseberries,
currants, raspberries, blackberries
Your fillers in each Instance can
extend in each direction between
any of the others. I am aware that
there is a little difference In au
thorities as to tho distance of plant
ing, but I am satisfied that the
standard distance for apple In good
soil should not be less than forty
teet, while a very safe and practical
distance for planting peach, pear,
cherry and plum Is twenty feet. Fur
ther than this, I am at present grow
ing dwarr pear trees ten feet apart;
and half way between the standard
trees planted twenty feet apart.
Again half way between these dwarf
pear trees I have my currant and
gooseberry bushes, as suggested
above. I am well satisfied with this
arrangement. In fact, you can put
a row ot gooseberries each direction
between the currents and pear trees,
n you wish, iiy a narrow cultivator
you can keep them all cultivated,
which will be best for all the trees
and plants. This will also permit
you to cultivate them In each direc
tion. The varieties of apples that I
would suggest for home use for your
region are as touows: Yellow Trans
parent, Red Astrachan, Summer
Rambo, Maiden Blush, Smokehouse,
Jonathan, Grimes Golden, Rome
Beauty and Stayman's Wlnesan. The
Stayman will perhaps prove to be
your best winter apple. A few oth
ers seem to do well in that region.
If you have elevated ground, the
Baldwin will thrive there. The Win
ter Banana is also planted south
ward from you quite extensively.
For a commercial orchard I
would greatly reduce the number of
varieties, holding chiefly to Jona
than, Rome Beauty and Stayman's
Wlnesap, with some Summer Rambo.
For pears the best varieties are
the Bartlett, Seckel, Lawrence, and
Duchess. The latter is the variety to
use as a dwarf pear.
The best commercial peach Is the
Elberta, and it would be well to
plant tho following:
Champion, Mountain Rose, El
berta, Old MIxon Free, Late Craw
ford, Fox's Seedling, Smock, Reeve's
Favorite and Wonderful are also
first class peaches.
For home use I would recommend
tho planting of some earlier varie
ties than these.
For cherries the best sour cherry
Is the Montmorency Improved. Ear
ly Richmond is also to be recom
mended. Among the good sweet cherries
are the Ida, Governor Wood, May
duko and Bigarreau.
CHARLES It. UNDERWOOD.
One familiar with the life work of
the late Charles R. Underwood pens
the following concerning him.
Charles Rico Underwood was born
at Lake Como, Wayne county, Pa., on
February 22, 1857. He was the son
of Willard G. Underwood and Carrie
C. Underwood. He was educated in
tho public school at Lake Como and
at Natlck, Mass. While still a boy
he obtained a position as clerk in a
general store, but in 187G he re
moved to Binghamton, N. Y., where
ho entered the employ of Messrs.
Bean & Co., wholesale grocers, re
maining with them for several years.
While there he married Mary M.
Blandlng, daughter of Jtfhn Bland-
lng. While Mr. Underwood was In
Binghamton his father entered into
partnership with Benjamin Randall,
to engage in the blue stone business
with quarries at Hancock and Star
light, and a stone yard with the
main office In Jersey City. In 1889
Mr. Underwood severed his connec
tions with the Binghamton concern,
removing to Jersey City to take
charge of the office of the blue
stone business, eventually becoming
one or the partners In the firm of
Randall & Underwood. Upon the
formation of the Erie Bluestone as
sociation in 1892, ho becamo sec
retary and later the solo proprietor
of its business.
In 1895 Mr. Underwood removed
his place of residence to Bloom
field, N. J whero ho remained, tak
ing nn active part in all that made,
ror the welfare and progress of the
town, both In things moral and ma
terial. His natural bent was to in
crease comfort and happiness of all
with Whom he came in contact. Ho
helped to organize the Bloomfield
Board of Trade which has a mem
bership of nearly four hundred and
is a power In the community, accept
ing me oiiico or treasurer which he
retained until the last annual elec
tion, giving It up only on account of
In politics Mr. Underwood was a
Republican with nronounced views
on official honesty and progresslve
ness. In 1906 he was elected to the
House of Assembly of New Jersey.
While a member of that body, ever
watcniui or nis constituents' inter
ests, ho secured an appropriation
for a public park in Bloomfield.
With this for a beginning, ho has
earnestly and persistently labored.
even with considerable personal ex
pense, until there has been acquired
a large tract of land, which will
soon bo opened as a. public park and
playground, and which will remain
as a monument of his services for the
Mr. Underwood also devoted much
time to the project of securing im
provements of tho Lackawanna rail
road stations, etc.. in Bloomfield.
This work is Hearing completion and
has caused great activity In roal es
tate and other business circles. He
had been for a number of years di
rector of the Bloomfield Trust Com
pany, which has almost finished the
erection of a large office building In
that town, being a member of the
Mr. Underwood attended the
Westminster Presbyterian church of
which he was for some years a trus
tee, resigning becauso of ill health,
but still retaining a deep Interest
in the affairs of the church.
Mr. Underwood had one daughter,
Carrie Blandlng, who died at Smith
College. He is survived" by Ills wife,
one sister, Mrs. Libby U. Miller, and
three brothers, Daniel G., of Deposit,
Dr. H. Wlnslow, of New York City,
and Dr. Horton Fay, Brooklyn.
Deposit Courier Journal.
WARNING NOTE TO CEREAL
Retail Stock of Breakfast Foods Will
Bo Examined For Insect Life by
Harrlsburg, Pa. Announcement
made a few days ago from the state
food bureau concerning cereal food
preparations having called forth
many inquiries, Dairy and Food Com
missioner Foust thinks it is timely to
make a frank statement of the evils
discovered by tho bureau in connec
tion with this particular trade and to
warn dealers of the measures that
will be taken to stop the existing
There is no criticism, the commis
sioner remarks, of the food quality of
the average breakfast cereal when it
is sold in a fresh condition to the
customer, but it is well known to all
dealers that these preparations are
very Ha'ble to insect attack unless
the greatest care be taken to keep the
stock fresh and to store In places
where the danger of such attack Is
Tho commissioner recognizes that
confronting the retailer in keeping
his stock of breakfast foods fresh:
and wholesalers who make a careful
comparison of the 100 to 150 brands
of such foods on sale In the state
will find that In reality there are only
12 to 15 tvnes of breakfast foods that
differ at all distinctly dkio from the'
other, and yet nearly every week sees
community alter community can
vassed by agents presenting samples
of some new breakfast food, taking
orders lor the same and turning them
over to t'he local grocers supplying
these several families with the da
mand that he add this new name to
his stock, despite the fact that his
shelves aro already crowded with the
one hundred other brands. And lm
mediately thereafter the same mer
chants are Induced to stock largely
with this new named variety by rea
son ot quantity discounts. The de
mand for the goods earlier in stock
temporarily, or permanently, stops,
but the goods remain on the shelves
and are held there for months, or
even for years, with the vain hope
that the breakfast food fashions may
turn and tlie old stock become sal
able. Under this condition of affairs
"every bug hns his day."
The commissioner wants every re
tailer handling cereal goods to under
stand that the retail stocks In every
part of the state are to be thoroughly
sampled and sent to State college for
a scientific examination and that
whenever contamination by hues.
slugs and tho like is detected prose
cutions will be Instituted in every
case and vigorously pressed. This
frank note of warning Is given so that
the retailer may have a fair oppor
tunity to clean up 'his stock and con
sign to the dump every package of
cereal that Is In condition to bring
him into trouble because of Its lack
of freshness or Its location near
wevllly goods, since even fresh goods
may quickly become wevllly if stor
ed in the neighborhood of old pack
ages containing these insects. De
spite tho difficulties of these condi
tions the retailers have a remedy In
their own hands, and that Is to buy In
small quantities, turn the stock often
and so (have little left long enough
upon their shelves to be in serious
danger of insect attack.
DO NOT SPARE YOUR PRAISE.
Not turning quickly to impute
Grave fault; for they and wo
Have such a little way to go can be
Together such a little while along the
So many little faults we find,
We see them, for not blind is love,
We see them; but if you and I
Perhaps remember them by-and-by,
They will not be
Faults then grave faults to you
But'just odd ways, mistakes, or even
Remembrances to bless.
Wo should be patient, for we know
There's such a little way to go.
I believe everybody-likes being ap
preciated. I have never yet met the
person who was sufficiently self-satisfied
to be able to do well without a
word of pralso now and then. I
don't believe that such a one exists.
But the number of people Who go
through lifo without giving that word
of praise Is extraordinary large.
Mrs. Smith thinks to herself
"What a kind, thoughtful hostess
Mrs. Brown is!"
Hubby thinks "What a splendid
mother Mary is."
But they don't say It. And so tho
hostess supposes that her thoughtful
ness goes unrecognized, and the
mother pursues her selfless way feel
ing Just a little chilled for lack of a
ray of recognition.
All my life I have treasured every
little word of approval. And beoauso
I feel tho need so much myself I
early resolved never to let pass by an
opportunity of giving encouragement.
Breaking Tho Ice.
And I have found that giving praise
to others is the next best thing to get
ting it yourself. It is wonderful
what a warm, friendly glow It ignites
between you. There is nothing like
It for breaking t'he ice of shyness and
thawing the stiffness of reserve.
When I first did my hair up I
spent hours in finding a style that
suited me and dressed it in this par
ticular way when I came home from
school for good.
Much to my disappointment, nobody
made any remark about my altered
coiffure. I felt so snubbed that I
took no further interest in my hair
dresslng, but colled It up anyhow.
And then everybody cried out:
"What a pity you do your hair
like that! The way it was arranged
before suited you charmingly.
"Then -why on earth didn't you
say so?" 1 demanded.
"I never thought of it." "I took
It for granted you knew," came the
That's just It. People will take so
much for granted. And that Is what
I try not to do. In fact, I go out of
my way to seek out something to ap
prove of wherever I am, and whoever
I am with.
The wheels of life run so smoothly
when oiled with appreciation.
What Pralso Will Do.
A few weeks ago I "bucked up"
with a few hopeful words the small
and rather stupid son of a gardener.
He was working for an examination
in a dreary kind of way, convinced
that he would never pass.
But he did, and the next time I
met his mother sfte said that his suc
cess was entirely due to me.
"After what you said to him, Miss,
he made up his mind to extinguish
himself, and he succeeded,"ehe told
mo proudly, If not quite accurately.
We are all of us more or less like
the gardener's boy. From the maid
to the prime minister none of ub are
proof against the subtle charm of en
couragement and approval.
Don't wait until you know Mrs.
Smith better before telling her the
nice things you think about herself
or her children. You never will
know her better unless you take that
bridle off your tongue and say agree
able things as they occur to you.
Don't take It for granted.
When hubby makes efforts to
break himself of the tiresome habit
of unpunctuality at meals; when
your daughter at last undertakes
some distasteful duty she has shirked
hitherto, don't take th pro thlnp-H "fnr
granted," but show them their at
tempts or successes are appreciated.
"I'd get up in the middle of the
night to do anything for her," I
heard a poor household drudge say
of a visitor who had given thanks
for Sally's little efforts In her be
half. "1 like her because she under
stands and appreciates me," said a
very great lady whom you might
have supposed would be indifferent to
the opinion of such a humble Indi
vidual, when speaking lately of her
newly acquired nursery governess.
In every station of life there Is the
same craving for that human thing
which some give so grudgingly,
while others withhold it altogether.
Although we love a bit of praise our
selves, we often forget others love It,
"Life Is a Mlfmlf lnaa tnalr " acilrl n
weary well-doing friend of mine the
More shame to us all If it is said:
Praise and encouragement are like
sunshine on the way and It costs us
nothing to give a cheery word in
passing. How can one of us choose
to withhold a single beam when the
world so badly needs ' every ray of
light? Philadelphia Inquirer.
CUT WHALE U TWO
ON HER MAIDEN
New French Liner Is First Steamship
to Be Propelled by Four Screws.
Tho new steamship Roebainbeau of
the French line, the first shuttle of
commerce to be propelled with four
screws, two of which are worked by
reciprocating engines and two by tur
bines, recently arrived at New York.
She is designed to carry only one
class of cabin passengers besire steer
age and is in tho leviathan class. SUe
Is 530 feet long. She has a beam of
sixty-three feet and a depth of forty-
three feet, drawing twenty-six feet six
Inches of water.
She Is built to carry travelers at
moderate cost with the maximum of
comfort. She Is not Intended to be a
greyhound. She was built at St. Na
zalre. Her quadruple screws will not
only give her steadiness, but make It
quite impossible for her to break down
She has four docks, two of which
provide promenades for the 450 cabin
passengers. Another deck is devoted
to steerage passengers, of whom 1,450
can bo carried without crowding. Thin
steamer has wireless sending appara
tus strong enough to reach boh shores
of the Atlantic nt tho same time. She
has electric devices for the closing of
bulkheads and all tho other modern
inventions for insuring safety as well
as for bilge keels to prevent her from
Her maiden voyage, was uneventful
save for a reported collision with a
whale two days ngo when the ship
was off the Grand banks.
According to tho passengers who re
ported tho demise of the ill fated
whale, the cetacean had tried to cross
the Rocbambenu's bow and miscalcu
lated the distance. There was a soft,
thudding impact, Just ns if the vessel
hod bumped against a rubber Iceberg.
The whale was seen to divide itself
In two, the bow of the whale going on
100 yards or so and then dipping out
of sight. Tho tail end of the whale
backed oif, shook itself feebly a few
times and sank. The water was crim
soned for a few moments.
The Care of the Teeth.
Fruit stains may be removed from
the teeth by rubbing them with salt or
brushing them with a toothbrush that
has been dipped in salt. The mouth
should be well rinsed after this treat
ment. One often finds himself without a
toothbrush when spending tho day
or tho night unexpectedly away from
home. In such nn emergency a rlnso
of soda water will provo effective in
cleansing tho moufh and teeth. Borax
water is also an excellent substitute,
and one or the other of these simple
remedies is certain to be at hand.
For dally use one of tho most pleas
ant and beneficial washes Is a weaken
ed solution of cologne water. A tablp
spoonful of a favorite odor to half a
plntof water is tho correct propor
tion, and this mixture should be bottled
and kept with the toothbrush where it
is always handy.
) TO VISIT CANADA.
Daughters of the Duke of Con- f
naught, New Governor General. C
Ottawa, Oct. 5. The Duke and
Duchess of Connaught sail on the
Empress of Ireland for Cnnndn in
morrow. Part of the chief deck has
been partitioned off for tho exclusive
use of the royal party, and in order to
mark the Importance of the occasion
King George has ordered that thi roy
al standard shall fly from the Empress
of Ireland at the moment the duke
steps on the vessel.
His daiiKhter. Princess Patricia, la
leaving Loudon to visit her bister, thp
crown prim ess of Sweden, nud is ar
ranging to reach Ottawa about Christ
mas. A. O. BLAKE
AUCTIONEER & CATTLE DEALER
YOU WILL MAKE MONEY
BY HAVING ME
I Bell Phone 9-U BETHANY, PA.
Architect and Builder
Plans & Estimates
Residence, 1302 EastSt.
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ERK BROS., Agents
It Is wonderful what nn
amount of dignity and confi
dence one gets from the fact
that he has a growing bank ac
count. The possession of mo&
ey you have earned and savea
yourself makes you independent
mentally as well as In regard to
Become a regular depositor in
a good, strong, growing insti
tution like tho
Honesdale Dime Bank
We will help you with three
per cent, interest. Each new de
positor Is presented with a use
ful, as well aB ornamental house
We make a specialty of loan
ing money to Wayne county peo
ple. Business accounts solicited.
Call and see us or you can do
your banking with us by mall.
Write and we will, tell you
JOS. A. FISCH, Cashier.
E. C. MUA1F0RD, President.
Why not order direct from us
and save the retailer's profit.
For this splendid, Round-Top Pedestal
Center Dining Tabic, In finely selected
Golden Oak, wide rim, massive style
pedestal with non-dlvldlnc center and
heavy claw feet, thoroughly well-made
and beautifully finished. This Dinlnc
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others (or $14.00 and upwards.
Securely packed and shipped
freight charges paid $10.89.
H you wish to save fully 25 on
your Furniture send TODAY for
our factory price catalogue FREE.
BINGHAMTON, N. Y.
OIIIIjDREN WHO ARE SICKLY
Mothers who valuo their own com
fert and tho welfare of their chil
dren, should never bo without a
box of Mother Gray's Sweet Powders
for Children, for use throughout tho
season. They Break up Colds, Re
lievo Fererlshness, Constipation,
Teething Disorders, Headaches and
Stomach Troubles. Used by Mothers
for 22 years. THESE POWDERS
NEVER PAIL. Sold by all Drug
stores, 25c. Don't accept any sub
stitute. Sample mailed FREE to
any mother. Address, Allen S. Olm
sted. Le Roy. N. Y.
of the estates of your minor chil
dren. It has the very best facilities
for the profitable and wise invest
ment and re inveslment of ihe Drincr-
-The Scranton Trust Co.
510 Spruco Street.
tho rtnn it w
wav for 8 vears.
roofing made is backed
servo you so well and for
Imlnmnnl. rlnn'f lot nn.rnnn