Newspaper Page Text
Itm CITIZEN, WKDNESDAl", OCX. 11, 1011.
Trust Charges It to Crop Short-.
age, but Some Others Think
Dy JAMES A. EDGER.TON.
WHAT is the cause of the pres
ent tiigu price of sugar?
The sugar trust says it is
crop shortage. The house
wives shrewdly suspect that the ban
ning season has something to do with
it and aver that this is not the llrst
time sugar has gone Up at canning
time. Certain newspapers assert that
there Is no crop shortage and broadly
intimate that there is a twofold causo
for the Increase, one the canning sea
son aforesaid and the other being an
effort on the part of the trust to get
even for the congressional investiga
tion into Its affairs and the govern
ment prosecutions for short weights
nnd other frauds whereby the Ameri
can Sugar Heflnlng company was in
duced to give up, not without loud
shrieks of anguish, a sum exceeding
Now, $2,000,000 is quite a chunk of
money, and if there is anything that
harrows the soul no, not the soul; n
trust has no soul if there Is anything
that harrows the pocket nervo of a
trust it is giving up dollars without
a comeback. Thus it was that the
wise men said, "Never mind; Just
you wait,' that being the way wise
men usually talk. "The trust will get
all this back, and more." Were the
wise men real 1-told-you-so prophets?
Is the trust now tnking back that
?2,000,000 with interest at the rate of
208 per cent every two or three days?
Is it? Well, nobody knows for sure,
but there is a whole "parcel" of folks
that have more or less violent opin
ions to that effect.
Incidentally it is not the sugar trust
that is now emitting the shrieks. Yet
the shrieking is good, and there are
quite a few people who i.re rising to
the occasion in magnificent form.
Among them are the owners of can-,
nlug factories and retail grocers, like-1
wise several million housewives, to 1
nay nothing of that much stepped on i
Individual, the ultimate consumer.
ISelow Is a sample yell, and there
lire others. This particular ululalion
comes from I'ittsburg, the grocers
having printed it on the wrappers and
paper bags in which they send sugar
to the various households:
The tariff on sucar benefits nobody but
the sucar trust. Were It not for the tar
iff and the trust this package would cost
you 2 cents a pound less. Urge your coti
BieSsman to vote for removal of the tariff
on sugar. If he doesn't do It don't return
him to congress. It Isn't our fault.
If that sort of thing should happen
all over the nation It ought to start
As to Crop Shortage.
As to the crop shortage proposition,
the following figures recently made
nulille by the ollichil statistician of the
sugar trust may furnish a little light: '
On Sept. 21 there were on hand in
New York. Philadelphia, Boston and
Ilaltimoue 10.1,504 tons of sugar. The
amount afloat, en route to this coun
try, was estimated at 2S3.000 tons, nn
inerease of more than 80,000 tons over
the amount afloat at the corresponding
date last year. Yet with this large
amount of raw sugar on hand and the
lnrgei quantity In sight the output of
the trust refineries for the first three
weeks of September was 37,000 tons
less than for the corresponding period
In 1010. In other words, the trust re-,
fineries are running at about half ca- i
From the trust's own figures It fol-'
lows as a moral certainty that the rise j
in prlcer Is due to i-educed supply, i
That Is an old trust trick, to shut dowu j
factories for the purpose of forcing up I
the cost of goods to the consumer.
One rather Interesting claim made
is that the trust Is heavily Interested
lu beet sugar, and therefore the higher I
price was manipulated so that the beet !
sugar crop might be marketed nt the I
advanced figure. Some concept of i
the vast profits now received may be ,
formed when It is realized that the I
trust income is $200,000 per day moro
than It was on late .lime prices. This
,t.1 mnnn Cll firtft fMV , mntidi nn .
approximately three months have al-1 liuullt; "nj's tIle freight Is now as gen
ready elapsed. erally accepted as that two and two
The People Paying.
Evidently the $2,000,000 paid to the
government because of those doctored
scales is being taken back from the
dear people with something like 1,000
to 1,500 per cent interest. It must bo
understood that this 50,000,000 per
mouth Is lu additional profits. It is to
be presumed that tho trust was mak
ing n fair profit before. It was at
least keeping the wolf from the door.
Practically every man high up in Its
councils bad become so many times a
millionaire that he regarded a man
with merely one million ns a piker.
The plain fact of the case is that tho
trust was charging 2 cents per pound
moro for sugar lato In September
than it was late in June. Even at this
rate it was selling only to its own
customers. The independent refiners
were selling at n yet higher figure,
however, but gave as an excuse that
they coald not got raw sugar. In ef
fect they charged that tho trust had
cornered the supply. Some color la
At Any Rate, the Consumers Arc
Making Up What the Trust
Had to Disgorge.
lent to this view by the fact that on
Sept. 22 the American Sugar Refining
company (the trust) bought approxi
mately 1,500,000 bags of raw sugai
from Louisiana planters at a cost pre
sumably of $20,000,000, which was said
at the time to have been altogether
the biggest deal lu the history of the
Louisiana sugar Industry.
It would seem that when President
Washington 13. Thomas of the trust
told the congressional investigating
committee last summer that bis con
cern would soon "hold an umbrella"
over the entire sugar field he was not
uttering an Idle threat. The umbrella
Is up, nnd its shadow Is darkening
every home In the land.
Nobody appears to have nn Idea that
a trust would be too good to get back
at the dear public in return for prose
cutions. Investigations and the like.
Of course it Is next to impossible to
prove that any trust hns done so, for
the reason that only those on the in
side know to a certainty, nnd they
won't tell. In matters of this sort we
have to depend on circumstantial evl
dence. Yet men have been hanged on
Photo of Claus Hprecliels copyrighted by
proof thnt was less conclusive. So
widespread Is the belief that other
trusts have done this very thing that
it has become a truism, a bromide, a
joke. Tho public prints have been
filled with such charges.
Indeed, no governmental agency goes
lifter the corporations without realiz
ing that the public will bo tho ulti
mate sufferer. When the states have
agitated equal taxutlon tho stock argu
ment has been made that the patrons
of the corporations would have to pay
the Increased taxation levied on tho
railroads nnd the trusts. That the
The ultimate consumer is the only
one who cannot pass tho buck. All
he can do Is to nccept that passed by
others. He now has a largo and varied
assortment of bucks, and that Is nil
he has. If a trust Is fined It passes the
buck. If a corporation is investigated
or prosecuted or lias anything else
done to It the buck again is merrily
wafted on Its way. If n railroad has
to pay its taxes tho buck is sent spin
ning down the line. Tho ultimate con
suiner gets them all. There Is nobody
on whom he can pass them. He can
not sidestep, duck or make a getaway,
lie Is nailed to the cross, tied to the
post and lashed to the mast. He Is the
jolt nbsorber. tho punching bag, the
goat. Everybody tags him, nnd he Is
It. In this buck passing business he
has no moro chnnco than an lclclo In
;i blast furnace or an honest man In
the legislature. Ho has to take all
that Is handed him and say "Thank
you." He Is not an easy mark. He la
the easy mark, and everybody does
him. He has no more show than the
fath'll of a large family oi fashion
able daughters. - They all gel his mon
ey, and nil be gets Is an amused ur
commiserating siiille. The ultimate
ronsumer Is the original good thing.
If he kicks, and that Is the sole right
or privilege left him, he gets it harder
than ever. Only because ho objected
to corset spring scales he now has to
pay 2 cents a pound more for his
sugar. In the old days ho kicked about
the Standard Oil trust and had to pay
I cent n gallon more for kerosene, to
say nothing of the ndded tariff on
gasoline nnd the byproducts. When the
$20,000,000 fine was nsscssed against
the Standard nn official of the com
pany was asked if he thought the pay
ment of the fine would affect the divi
dends. "Oh, I don't think so," he replied.
"The price of oil can be raised, you
know, and then the people can pay
The Beef Trust.
Then there is the beef trust. About
a year ngo tbo federal grand Jury in
dicted ten beads of the trust, and a
few months later n federal Judge re
fused to quash tbo indictments. The
price of beef has been going up ever
since. Not satisfied with that, the
trust has also boosted pork. The or
dinary four legged pig Is now worth
so much he can be almost as aristo
cratic as the two legged kind.
It would take too long to go through
a list of all the corporations charged
with putting up prices because some
body had the effrontery to try to make
them obey the Inw. If any of the
heads of big business ever go to Jail I
wonder Just how high prices will go.
The Investigation of the sugar trust
last summer brought out some rather
sensational evidence, a part of which
boars directly on the mntter of re
stricting output to raiso prices. Claus
American Press Association.
A. Bpreckels testified that he had been
left lu charge of a Philadelphia re
finery for n short tlmo after the trust
hud spread Its umbrella over the
Sprockets interests. During this inter
val he received letters from trust offi
cials, which letters he cnused to be
spread upon the records. They make
instructive reading, but are too long
to bo reproduced here. Two of these
sugary epistles were from John E.
Searles and another from Henry O.
Ilnvemeyer. The two points insisted
on In all three were that Spreckels
restrict production and hold up prices.
Later this same Spreckels went intc
business for himself. lie testified that
his machinery was Injured and thai
floor scrapings, filth and dead rata
were placed In his barrels, ne did nol
know who did this, but tho sugar trusl
was the only oho Interested In Injuring
him. The sugar containing these dead
rats nnd this filth was Intended to be
eaten by the American people.
The sugar weighing frauds, because
of which the trust refunded more than
?2,000,000 to tho government, were dis
covered by Richard I'arr and others.
Tho frauds wero committed by means
of a corset spring placed in the scales
on which imported raw sugar Intended
for the trust was weighed. It was es
tlmated that the amount paid the gov.
crnment was ouly u fraction of the
total out of which It had been swto
died. Some of the minor trust officials
were sent to prison.
This is the same trust that now con'
trols tho American sugar market
Amerlcnu housewives are paying 8
cents a pound for sugar. These are
the facts. The public is entitled to 1U
Vast Army of Workers on the
222,278 UNDER CIVIL SERVICE
Bureau, Originated by President Grant,
Has Become Greatest In World 64,
000 Clerks Are Paid by Fourth Class
Number of federal employees
protected by civil service
Number of exceptions 9,202
Number not under civil serv-
There are 9 E25 appointments made
by tho president without civil serv
ice requirements and 28,191 laborers
on the Panama canal, making the
total number of persons employed
by the federal government 384.0S8.
The United States government has
the greatest employment bureau In the
worlds In tho civil service commission.
The commission takes care of the
employment of all the 384,038 persons
who work for the executive branch of
the government in various ways. Of
this number 222,278 hold office as a re
sult of competitive examinations held
by the commission, nnd their tenure
Is not subject to the whim of n states
man or a politician.
This army of 384,088 does not in
elude all of the persons who serve the
government. This number has to do
with the executive employees. In ad
dition there, are 2,115 employees of the
senate and the house, and 484 men nnd
women who serve In the congressional
library. Then there are 4,390 employ
ees of the Judiciary. Including judges,
attorneys nnd mnrshals, nnd their cler
ical assistants nnd messengers, ref
erees in bankruptcy, and United States
Then the army has 80,521 officers
nnd enlisted men. the navy 40.832. To
these must be ndded 1,415 consuls, in
terpretcrs, secretaries and clerks in
the diplomatic nnd consular service.
The result Is a grand army of federal
employees numbering 513,854 persons.
Bureau Has Run Twenty-eight Years,
Tills employment bureau has been
running twenty-eight years, beginning
under President Gnrfield. During his
term Garfield classified or mndo sub
ject to competitive examination 15,573
positions. President Clevelnnd In Ills
first term added to this number 27,330
President Harrison extended the com
petitlve civil service to 42.02S addition
al places. In ills second term Presi
dent Cleveland added 81.8S9 more to
the number, and his successor, Presi
dent Mclvlnley, further extended the
operations of the civil service law so
as to include nn additional 85,150.
President Roosevelt's term in the
White House saw the list of classified
positions swelled by 110,010, and to
date President Taft hns ndded 4,110,
milking the total of places made com
petitive by presidential order to date
"The disproportionate Increase in tho
number of government employees over
the Increase in population," said an
ollleial of the civil service commission,
"is not at all an indication of extrava-
neo or wasteful methods. It is rath
er the necessary result or government
entrance to new Holds of activity un
dreamed of before the civil war. Tho
wonderful growth of the department
of agriculture, which was not created
until 1802, is Just one explanation of
the vast Increase in appropriations and
expenditures for clerical assistants."
Divided Into Classes.
Tills nrmy of government clerks, mi
nor officials and laborers coming di
rectly under the civil service commis
sion nnd which numbers 3S4.0S8 Is di
vided Into several classes. First and
by far the most important Is that of
the 222,278 employees who are in the
competitive class. Of laborers and un
classified employees there are 04,802
Of excepted and noncompetitive
places there are 50,202, and there are
0,525 positions filled directly by the
president, the postmasters and diplo
mats. To this number must be added
28,101 laborers, who nro listed as the
"digging force on the isthmus." These
canal laborers are nil executive em
ployees of the United States, but no
civil service test of fitness Is required
It Is said by some statistical sharps
that this army of 513,845 federal em
ployees does not Include all persons
who are attached to the federal pay
rolls. They say that the 04,000 clerks
In fourth class postotllccs are not given
in the official figures of the commis
sion, which holds thnt these clerks are
not government employees, as they are
paid by the fourth class postmasters.
Regarding them ns federal employees
would bring the grand total of federal
servants up to 577,854.
Tho commission today has Jurisdic
tion over more than half of all those
who can In any way be classed as fed
eral employees and over two-thirds of
those working in the executive branch
of tho government. Its work Is In
creasing dally. Tho commission lends
its assistance to those branches of the
federal service which hold Independent
examinations for candidates. The con
sulnr service, under the stato depart
ment, is one instance. Tiie persons
appointed to this service gained their
positions a siijijL result of competitive
exumlnnfiriJBBavlucted by the com
NO REASON FOR POUBT.
A 8Utmnt of Facts Backed by a
Wo guarantee complete relief to nil
sufferers from constipation, or, in
every ense where we fall, we will sup
ply the medicine free.
Itcxall Orderlies are a guntlc, effec
tive, dependable, nnd safe bowel regu
lator, strengthener, and tonle. They
nlm to reestablish nature's functions
In a quiet, easy way. They do not
cause Inconvenience, griping, or nausea
They are so pleasant to take and work
so easily that they may be taken by
any one at any time. They thoroughly
tone up the whole system to healthy
Itexall Orderlies are unsurpassable
and Ideal for the use of children, old
folks, and delicate persons. Wo cannot
too highly recommend them to all suf
ferers from any form of constipation
nnd Its attendant evils. Three sizes,
10c. 23c, nnd 50c. Remember, you can
obtain Rexall Remedies In this commu
nity only nt our storeThe Rexall Store.
A. M. LEINE
AtterMon is called to tne 'STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
City has published a ROLL Or
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In this list the VAYNI
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stands 38th in the United States
Stands (Oth in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wayne County.
Capital, Surplus, $527,342.88
Total ASSETS, $2,951,U48.26
Honesdale. Tii.. Decembi r 1, ltlo.
The Home of the
Will extend every. facility
that good banking will
Accounts of individuals,
firms and corporations soli
cited. Correspondence invited
1IKNKYZ.UUSSELL--EDWIN F. TORltKY
ANDREW THOMPSON - A.C.LINDSAY
VICE PRESIDENT ASSISTANT CASHIER
Henry '.. Russell
Edwin F. Torbey
Horace T. Menner
James C. Birdsali,
Louis J, Dorflinqer
Philip R. Murray
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have Always Bought
JJL. ATTORNEY A COONBELOR-AT-LAW.
Office adjacent to Post Office In Dimmick
office, llonrsdale, l a.
II . LEE,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-L AW.
Office over post office. All legal business
promptly attended to. If oiiesdole. Pa,
Tjy C. MUAIFORD,
X. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
n"m5?SrJ',IV!."y "J".1 "'"laing. opposite th
Post Office. Honesdale. Pa.
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office over Kelt's store, Ilonesdale Pa.
CHARLES A. McOARTY,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR- IT-LAW.
Special and prompt nttentlon elvon to the
collection of claims. Office over Keif's new
store Ilonesdale, Pa,
. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office over the nost office Ilonesdale, Pa.
TIC E. SIMONS,
iU.. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office in the Court House, Honesdale,
TETER H. ILOPF,
A ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW,
. Office-Second floor old Savings Urns
building. Ilonesdale. Pa.
CJEARLE & SALMON,
kJ ATTORNEYS A COUNSELORS-AT-LAW,
Offices lately occupied by Judge Searle -4
CHESTER A. GARRATT.C
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office adjacent to Post Office, Honesdale, Pa
Office First flnnr. nlH Knvlnna limit. kiih.
Ing, Honesdale. Pa.
TVR. C. R. BRADY,
U DENTIST, HONESDALE. PA.
1011 MAIN ST.
Any evening bv appointment.
T B. FETERSON. M. D.
JL . 1120 MAIN STREET, HONESDALE, PA.
we mm ivur n specially, me nttlng or glass
es given careful atlentfon.
LIVERY. 1' red. G. Rickard has re
moved his livery establishment from
corner Church street to Whitney's Stone
PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
FIRST-CLASS OUTFITS. 7fivl
would like to see you if
you are in the market
"Guaranteed articles only sold."
in your family you of course call
a reliable physician. Don't stop
at that; nave his prescriptions
put up at a reliable pharmacy,
even if it is a little farther from
your home than some other store.
You can find no more reliable
store than ours. It would be im
possible for more care to be taken
in tho selection of drugs, etc., or
in tne compounaing. I'rescnp
tions brought here, either night
or day, will be promptly and
accurately compounded by a
competent registered pharmacist
and the prices will be most rea
sonable. O. T. CHAMBERS,
Opp. D. A II, Station, Honesdale. Pa.
Men Jb Women young i old.
It fialUriaf Jh c aat ctt Cared. I
Quuki At il..il.l..
FooNd, I)mIt1 r nbhd Tb, D't 1dr all allkal
The GERMAN AMERICAN TREATMENT.
i.8lritlrHlotlIU CM.atIo B.Utt.d CoVbla.d oal
Of 6000 IMtierDl Drnn, to !( Kh A trj ladlvldut
Ciif, po.ltlT.lr U Onlr Our, bo ttr wbaUoutr
yoar illnsat or uUtt mj b; cava or orlf lo oo Baiter
who UiUd. Wrllo, (( ar Cat n strict toafldaat.
A Cure (jnAHANTKKD. iddrtuQLD O E R MAN
DOCTOR. J'o.l Uqx 8tt0. lLllldtlfLlpI.
BROADWAY nnd 11th
new ronn CITY
tcpt, Half blurt; (root Vnmlr ,
NOrED FOR i terUximt&SMe?
Wjm(ortibJfc Appomttncntu, couifl-
"cnni-, Si. Of) wifj and
With nrlvlieu of Bnth
iSI ;50 tier day and un
A EUROPEAN PLAN
tl.t d'Hola Bnakfait . . OOo
( v Win-AYLOR & SON, Ino.