Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN', l?itlfAY, SEPT. 20, 1011.
ScwMVcckly Founded 1008; Weekly Founded 1844.
Published Wednesdays and Fridays by the Citizen Publishing Company.
Entered as second-class matter, at the postofflco. Honesdale, Pa.
E B HAIIDENBERGH PRESIDENT
B H.' WITHERBEE I MANAGING EDITOR
J. M. SMELTZER . ASSOCIATE EDITOR
Mi B. AIAEK,
E. B. IIARDENBEnnil,
W. W. WOOD
Our friends who favor us with contributions, and desire to have the same re
urned, should in every case enclose stamps for that purpose.
ONE YEAR 1.50 THREE MONTHS 38c
SIX MONTHS 75 ONE MONTH 13c
Remit by Express Money Order, Draft, Post Office Order or Registered
letter. Address all communications to The Citizen, No. 803 Main street,
All notices of shows, or other entertainments held for the purposo of
making money or any Items that contain advertising matter, will only be
admitted to this paper on payment of regular advertising rates. Notice
of entertainments for the beneflt of churches or for charitable purposes
-where a fee is charged, will bo published at half rates. Cards of thanks,
50 cents, memorial poetry and resolutions of respect will bo charged for at
the rate of a cent a wora. Aaverusmg rme uu uWwau-.
they could 'hope to get on the regu
lar stage. It Is said, for Instance,
that oite girl' whose name Is virtually
unknown, but who has a peculiar
aptitude for pantomime, receives
from one of the film manufactur
ing concerns $2,000 a week for her
services. This may be an exaggera
tion probably is but no doubt
her actual salary Is largo enough to
furnish a reasonable foundation for
this munificent version of it.
The moving picturo men do pay
well. They want the best and the
only reason that we are enabled to
see our Thespian Btars anywhere ex
cept on a lantern screen Is that
their prejudices nave prevented
them from selling their whole time
at their own figures to the moving
But here, also, the camera men
have driven Is an opening wedge at
last, and a very large wedge. Mine.
Bernhardt the " Divine Sarah "
after many Indignant refusale has at
last succumbed to their blandish
ments and will act for the camera
. rm. s-f.'t: . . tn ihalntinl vtptna tu 11 ini.pre.titinfl
me policy or tne j-iik uwct v ' :w- ; . y. y
manner, to summarize the news of the world at large, to fight for the right as this
paper sees the right, without fear or favor to the end that it may serve the best
wterests or tts reaacrs ana ine iccume m ts
FRIDAY, SEPT. 20. 1011.
THE PRIMARY ELECTION.
In another column of The Citizen Is printed a copy of the Republican
nint thin EAoHnn of which Is tho same throughout the entire county.
Other offices, and the names of tho candidates aspiring to these offices, are
iwirio.i tn tho hnllot for each district as the needs of each district require.
nr vntor nun Rnilt his ticket for the Primary elections. But
on each ticket, for nearly every office, there are so many candidates that
vntor must r-honsfi for himself from among the list. Hivery oiuce is
thomfnrfi it. hrfiooves every voter to mark his selection ac
cording to the dictates of his conscience, and with the utmost care, to the
end that the best men, the men who are qualineu, tne men wno win uu
vote themselves to the honest performance of their official duties, will re
oclve the nomination.
PANADA'S GREATEST BLUNDER.
Popular stupidity has rarely won a more decisive victory than it
gained In Canada when Reciprocity was defeated at the polls.
nv. -n,m fr.n nio roaitu must, be variously annortloned. Part of It
-belongs to the manufacturing Interests, which are highly protected in
Canada as they are in the United States ana resent oven tne sugiuen iu
toffaronnn with thoir nrlvllece to tax consumers.
Part of it belongs to the Canadian Pacific Railroad, which is more
concerned about its own dividends than about the weitare oitne anauuu
Part of it belongs to the United Empire Loyalists, who have never
yet forgiven the United States for the war of the Revolution.
ut it lioinnps to si siinor-natriotlc Canadian element which fool
ishly feared that Reciprocity might lead to annexation and the loss of
Canada's national identity.
Part of it belongs to the Conservative party, which appealed to every
prejudice and passion in the campaign to dislodge tho Laurier Govern
ment. Part of it (belongs to the American protected interests, which bitterly
resisted the Reciprocity bill in Congress ana neipea to promote iu -,it.
ttinn nn snnn ns thev found themselves beaten in Washington.
Tho timo win fomfi. wfi think, when intelligent Canadian opinion will
regard the late election as one of the greatest disasters that has ever be
fallen the Dominion.
nn TMfiRESS FOR FARM WOMEN.
tlon. the first of the knd ever held,
Jill lUtClCOHHb '
will be the First International Congress of Farm Women, which will open
in Colorado Springs on October 17. It is expected that there will be a
large attendance from all sections of the country and that tho congress
will be one of the most important conventions of women ever held In this
country. The committee In charge has agreed upon the general outlines
of the programme as follows: First day, equipment and beauty of and
food values in rural homes; second day, laws of physical life in relation
to the family, conservation of time and strength, labor saving devices, and
simple hygiene, etc.; third day, economic value of women and children on
tho farm, influence of club3, granges ana otner agricultural associiuiuiis,
f Infnnto nnrl vniinp1 nhiirirpn. etc.: fourth day. the rural church,
Vl tJ Ul HI I Ull I. O j v -0 ---- F '
reorganization of rural schools, recreations in the rural districts, etc. Each
general topic is broken into many subjects, ana mere win ue uewuiuaia
tlons by the Colorado Agricultural Collego Domestic Science Department
and the Department of Agriculture showing the menace of the house fly
and exhibitions and Illustrations by many speaicers.
UXCLE SAM AS EMPLOYER.
In IS1G there were approximately
6,327 names on tho Federal pay-roll,
or about one to every 1,300 of the
population. In 1011 there are
384,088, or one to every 242 of the
population. Add 121,000 for the
army and navy, 1,415 for representa
tives abroad and nearly 7,000 as em
ployees of Congress itself and of the
Judiciary, and we have a total of
513,854, or one In 180 of the popu
lation. Fourth-class postmasters
employ on private account some 64,
000 clerks, many of whom do other
thai, postal work.
Suppose that only the more plau
sible portion, even, of those schemes
that are broached for extending the
power and the functions of the Fed
eral Government were put into ef
fect. Suppose the half million em
ployes of Uncle Sam 'become a mil
lion, with the States, towns and cit
ies increasing their pay-rolls in pro
portion. Should we ever fall Into
that dry-rot of officialism which in
Continental countries hampers pri
vate initiative by turning the atten
tion of tho educated classes so large
ly to government employment?
And what would be the effect up
on our political development of tho
Interested support by ever-Increasing
thousands of tho party government
ENORMOUS COAL VALUATIONS.
Under the present scheme of
classifying government coal land
56,089,214 acres of withdrawn land
had been, on Aucust 1. examined
In geologic detail and classified by
the United States Geological Sur
vey. The lands found to contain
workable coal beds aggregated 16.
873.370 acres. These lands, in 40-
acre tracts, have been appraised by
tho Survey at a total valuation of
$711,992,537, In prices ranging
from the minimum figure stated in
the coal law $10 or $20 an acre,
according to whether tho land Is lo
cated within 15 miles of the rail'
road to figures of over $400 an
acre where the thickness of the coal
beds may aggregate 60. 80. or 100
feet, or von more. The government
valuations accord in a general way
with the market values of private
coal lands In the West, although as
a matter of fact they are some'
what more liberal to the purchaser,
Four hundred dollars an acre may
seem a high prlco for Uncle Sam's
coal land, which a few years ago
might have been bought for $2U an
acre. 'However, tne Geological sur
vey's plan of classification and valu
ation contemplates that the Govern'
ment should receive at least a rea-
sonable return for Its coal, admit
tedly the most useful rock mineral
In its nossesslon. When it is under
stood that an acre with, say, a 40
foot coal bed or seam contains ap-
nroximately 72,000 tons of coal and
an acre with 100 feet of coal con
tains 180,000 tons, the price asked
by the Government, instead of being
exorbitant, seems, on the other
hand, hardly sufficient. On land
having a thickness ot su reet or coai
$400 an acre would bo less than s
cents a ton. In reality, under the
Survey regulations which consider
denth of the coal, number or oecis
quality, and other physical details,
the nrices asked for many areas
containing 80 feet of coal are equlV'
alent to nearer 2 than 3 cents a
At the minimum prices which
were In effect before the government
withdrawals of coal lands, the 16,-
873,370 acres above referred to
Would have been priced at only
$2GG,C52,431, tho difference in fa
vor of the public revenue at the new
prices being therefore $445,340,iuu
Under the provisions of the national
Irrigation law tho proceeds from all
sales of coal land are credited to the
"reclamation fund," so that Govern
ment Irrigation has. as It were.
considerable trust fund for future
ACTING MADE PERMANENT.
While tho most ot the adverse
criticism that has been directed
against the moving picture business
has been well deserved, we should
not lose eight of the fact that the
men who have control of this truly
wonueriui invention aro entitled to
a great deal of credit which they do
not receive for honest and energetic
efforts to Improve the tone of their
Nearly all the better class of
films to-day are enacted by profes
sionals who receive considerably
more money for their work than
rest of the fruit, and usually should
not be sent to market to compete
with the better grades, but used for
evaporating, canning and cider. ,
The standard American barrel
contains three bushels, and measures
17 in. across tho ends, 23 In.
across the center, and has staves
28 In. long. Second hand sugar
barrels and smaller or "snide bar
rels" should not be used.
Tako out the bottom head, and
stand tho barrel with top head down
so as to pack the top end first. A
corrugated paper or some other cush
ion to protect tho head layer should
be laid in position, and on this plac
ed a fancy paper cap. Pack the lay
er of "facers" stem ends down In
circular rows, fitting tightly togeth
er. A second layer of apples of the
same kinds is similarly placed, in the
depressions of tho first. The facers
aro tho same grade as the rest of the
annles In tho barrel, but are of the
best colored. Over the facers pour
the soap mixture, and scrub lightly
about a square yard of carpet, but
bo careful not to use enough of It to
soak through to tho back of-the car
pot. 'Mop up tho dirty water with
the sponge. Rinse and rub with the
flannel dipped Into first one lot of
clean water (tepid), then tho other,
wetting it as little as possible.
Mop with tne sponge, and dry with
tho clotlrs. Finish off one piece at a
time. A fire in the room will help to
The Citizen from now until
January 1, 1912. only 25 cents.
Tho annual Wayno County
Teachers' Institute will be held In
tho auditorium of tho Honesdale
High school, November 13 to 17.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
Hie Kind You Have Always Bought
cfntlv a half biiBhel of annles at a
Whether she was influenced in her time, shaking the barrel to settle the
decision by the money offered her fruit. Fill the barrel to just above
or by the opportunity to perpetuate, the ends of the staves, facing the top
layer stem ends up, covering with a
padded head to prevent crushing.
Press down and drive the hoops into
place and nail tho head in.
Cleuiiing With Oxgall.
This is another good method of
washing a carnet. and will brighten
land clean without injuring even the
her fame, the dispatches do not
state, but it seems odd that this
means of removing one of the great
est objections to acting as a profes
sion its impermanency has not
been eagerly seized upon.
The work of the composer, the
writer, the partner, the architect, ram
writer, the .painter, the architect! t uelIcate colors,
lives alter tnem, dui tne acnieve-, n,,v nhm,t hnif nnt of fresh ox
ments of th actor lap off into obliv
ion with his last prformance. What
do Booth and Forrest mean to the
younger members of this generation?
What will Joe Jefferson mean to the
next generation? Only hazy sug
gestions of something that was
said to be worth looking at and lis
But, thanks to the phonograph
and the biograph, the stars that are
left to us may be looked at and lis
tened to by our great-great-greatgrandchildren.
The youth of 100
years from now may marvel at the
sweetness of the Bernhardt voice
and understand why the play of tho
Bernhardt countenance held thous
ands speechless. It will be possible
to compare the voice of Caruso with
those of the great tenors of genera
tions to come and the "touch" of
Paderewski will not be a matter of
description after he Is gone. It Is
preserved In the records for ages unborn.
Tho combination of these two in
ventions, the phonograph and the
moving picture, has already been ef
fected, so that we may see and hear
at one and the same time. What
this will mean to posterity if proper
ly utilized to-day can only be im
agined by endeavoring to conceive
what it would mean to us to attend
a concert by Jenny Lind; to see and
hear Napoleon, George Washington,
Queen Elizabeth, Cleopatra, Caesar,
History means nothing when there
is no history to write. The bio
graph and the phonograph are too
young for us to grasp the full Import
of the gift they have conferred up
on mankind, by showing us how
to fraternize with the next millen
nium, like Phra tho Phoenician, or
the Wandering Jew in Sue's tale.
Fifty years from now there will
be no difficulty In persuading the
most highly favored actors and ac
tresses to perform for the phono
graph and the biograph. The diffi
culty will be to get them to perform
in the absence of these greatest his
torians the world has ever produced.
gall from a butcher. If stale it will
have a most unpleasant smell.
Mix it with one pint and a half of
lukewarm water. Have ready in ad
dition to the sponge, cloths, two
pieces of wash-leather. Dip one
leather in the gall mixture, squeeze
it, and wash about a yard of carpet,
using a brush if very dirty.
Rinse, and then rub with tne sec
ond leather, wring out of cold water.
Mop with the sponge, and dry.
Keep door and window open to get
rid o? any smell.
Directions for Handling the Apple
Now that the time for picking the
apple crop is near at hand, Prof. H.
A. Surface, Economical Zoologist of
Pennsylvania. Is mailing the follow
ing brief 'directions to the owners of
State Model Orchards, telling them
how to pick, grade and pack their
fruit so as to realize the greatest re
turns for their efforts in growing
All fruit should be most carefully
hand picked when fully grown, and
red varieties well colored. Too early
picking sacrifices high quality and
color, and alBo tho fruit spurs, while
too late reduces the keeping quali
ties. The exact time of picking can
be determined by the full develop
ment of tho fruit, and an occasional
specimen beginning to soften or show
the yellow colors, or drop from the
tree. In picking, the apple should
be grasped in such a manner that
the forefinger touches the stem, and
then by a rolling and bending move
ment the apple will "be unjointed at
the fruit spur. Careless and hurried
picking often 'destroys the fruit spur
or pulls out tho stem, breaking the
skin at the basin and otherwise
bruising It. Injured fruit wil not
keep so well, and its value Is thus
A padded half bushel -basket with a
swing handle is the best receptacle
into which to pick the fruit. Leav
ing apples He in piles, with the hot
sun beating upon them, reduces their
keeping qualities. Instead they
should be Immediately cooled after
picking, especially during warm
To aid In assorting apples to uni
form sizes for boxing, a sizing board
with a row or holes will be helnful
These holes should bo about 2 In.
to 3 In. in diameter, representing
tho ditrerent sized apples that aro
put Into boxes. Tho grader will soon
become able to dispense with the siz
ing hoard except when in doubt. Tho
apples are held up to the hole, but
never dropped through. An ordinary
table covered with a layer of canvas
or soft cloth can be used with which
to spread tho apples in grading,
Winter varieties can be assorted In
to four grades:
1st. The finest for boxes: This
should consist of well colored and
finest fruit of high quality varieties,
free from blemishes, and of fine finish
and uniform size.
2nd. First grade for barrels
Next sizes to box apples, free from
blemishes and bruises, and of uni
form size throughout the barrel.
3rd. Second grade for barrels:
Second grade Includes the smaller
sizes of sound fruit free from blemishes.
4th. Culls: These Include all tho
On Saturday next, all taxpayers and property owners should
voice their sentiment in selecting a candidate for supervisor.
The roads of Texas township have been grossly mismanaged and
much of your money spent without results. As an example:
The state road botweon Seelyvillo and Honesdale was built at a
cost of $11,000 per mile. This thoroughfare with proper man
agement, would have remained In condition for years to come.
Instead, the same was covered with ordinary wall stono and to
day is In no better condition than the road built from Seelyvillo
to Prompton, the latter one having cost scarcely one-tenth of
that of the new state road.
The new road machine purchased at a cost of $2,500 has been i
used to build Honesdale streets at the expense of Texas taxpay
ers, supervisors running the same for $8.44 per day which
does not begin to pay wear and tear on tho machine.
Our township to-day Is heavily in debt; our roads In miser
able condition. In the year of 1902 tho township was $4,400
in debt. Mr. Geo. Erk of Seelyvillo was elected- as supervisor.
Our roads were put In excellent condition, new stono roads
built in various places and at the expiration of his term nearly
$2,000 on hand In the treasury. This money has all been used
up as can readily be seen by the statements and as stated pre
viously, the township is in debt with poor roads.
Geo. Erk has allowed his name to be put up after much per
suasion by tho taxpayers and it is hoped that each and every
property owner will turn out on Saturday and vote for their
own' inlerest by electing Mr. Erk as supervisor.
COMMITTEE OF TAXPAYERS.
TO HEAT CARPETS AT HOME.
Fold the carpet up carefully, carry
it a good distance from any window,
and hang it over a stout line, wrong
side outwards. Two persons should
beat It, one standing on one side, and
one on the other.
Use pliable sticks and tie secwrely
over the end of each a piece oi clotn,
to prevent damage being done with
the sharp end or by sudden splitting
of tho wood.
When the dust ceases to fly out
turn and beat the carpet on the right
side, and if there Is any quite clean
and dry grass drag the carpet right
side downward over It to fresnen it.
Lastly, sweep it over lightly with a
carpet whisk, and it is then ready
to be relaid.
Then examine the carpet and re
move any stains.
For candle-grease stains scrape on
all the solid matter possible with an
old spoon, not a knife, as the latter
is apt to cut the fibres of the carpet.
Then lay over tho marK two lay
ers of blotting paper, and with the
point of a hat pin, Iron lightly over
For oil stains mix a little rullors
earth to a thick paste with boiling
water. Spread it over tho mark, and
lwive It on for twenty-four hours
without touching it.
Then brush it off with a hard
brush. If some stain still remains,
mix with one tablespoonful of fullers'
earth, one teaspoonful of powdered
magnesia, pour boiling water on, and
use as above.
Another very good method of re
moving grease stains is to scrape a
little French chalk and spread It
dry on the mark. Leave it on for
two days, and then brush it off thoroughly.
Ink stains should, of course, if pos
sible, be removed when wet, taking
up as much as possible with blotting
paper to prevent It spreading. Then
some milk should be heated, allowed
to cool, and the skim removed, and
the ink stain then saturated with the
Keep repeating this process, chang
ing the paper each time, until no
mark is left. Tho iron melts the
grease, and the paper absorbs It.
Keep wiping It off and dabbing on
fresh milk as it becomes discolored.
When the stain is gone rinse the
patch with tepid water and rub dry.
To Wash a Carpet.
Lay it on tho floor, get a coarse
sponge, a moderately hard nailbrush,
one or two coarse linen or other non
fiuffy cloths, a bit of flannel, and two
bowls of water.
Use either some of tho good white
soaps now procurable or the following:
IIome-Mudo Soap Mixture.
Ingredients: Two ounces of finely
One pint and a half of boiling wa
ter. One tablespoonful of liquid am
monia. Dlsoslve the soap In tho water over
a slow fire. Leave it until lukewarm,
add the ammonia, and mix well to
gether. If any Is left over, keep It
In a bottle tightly tied down.
Now to proceed. Dip the brush in
DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
by local applications, as they can
not reach the diseased portion of the
ear. There Is only one way to cure
deafness, and that Is by constitu
tional remedies. Deafness is caus
ed by an Inflamed condition of the
mucous lining of the Eustachian
Tube. When this tube Is inflamed
you have a rumbling sound or Im
perfect hearing, and when it Is en
tirely closed, Deafness Is the result,
and unless the Inflammation can be
taken out and this tube restored to
Us normal condition, hearing will
be destroyed forever; nine cases out
of ten are caused by Catarrh, which
is nothing but an Inflamed condition
of tho mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dol
lars for any case of Deafness (caus
ed by catarrh) that cannot be cured
by Hairs Catarrh Cure. Send for
F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for con
u UU V UUWUF A-U -J DDI J. 41 O, UUUU1I1U LU 1. 1 J i I. II IT JI IJ III I 11 ill. I I III 111 t .1 1 I II III I
sfoner, I wish to state that to many of you I am well known, while for
iMintflf nf llinon t V r n nni nnnnnn.. n n n t J. .J lit. T 111 J.1.
T nfnn Vtivin nn n fn wm t rnnnn J.n. .1.1- T 11. A tti
uiiu Mouai,.a hula y cii. itua cuuuuluii iu luu iiiiuiii: kmiiiiiiik mi nrtiir
Canaan township and the Waymart High school, after which I followe
J-nHrl 1, Annlm. . "I ( C I, 4.1 1. 1 C 1. j -v t .
IG1CU Gill IJ JOJ.T Ul VJ. (J.UUUUC1. L11U 1 11 111 lit' 1 111 (L 11 II LilAiI. II I H P III V H.n H
a rin n,ni.t- c nr- r u ? e 11 t a -ttt i v
it n o tri ... i p m i t l i. i a.i
and building hut was obliged to leave tho valley on account of sickness
the family. On doing so I came back to Wayno oounty and settled on
i til in i ii xjllivu Luniiaui u. tvniuu ui:i: u iiiiliuii. iiiuuu wil i 1:1111 li iiui.i 11 1; m
building, I have followed ever since.
lltlVt: UUUU LU11D1UC1HU1H HU11V 111 Lilt! 1111 tl 111 ILHllltllll. i: 1 1 1 1 K I r 1 1 f 1. 1 1 1 1 1 il
1...11.1tH nJ nu.tifn tit. 11 t. t i.iii a
The only pubic ofllces over sought by mo was Assessor and Judge
T7 i ii mi e t i. - i j r j. i. .. . i.n i i
also appointed Mercantile Appraiser for 1911 by tho present board
pears on the monument near the Court Houbo at Honesdale.
oi iree- .Masons, nuuesuuie juapier uuu isiomu. umiuauuery oi unign
Grange, American Mechanics, Red Men and Modern Woodmen
If nominated and elected to this important office, I will endeavor
mnpfnrm riiitipa rnprpnT Tn inn npsr. nr mv nnnicv n.nn in r.n inrArAar nr r
and also any favors you may be able to extend to me. Sincerely yours,
V2 w- 1
Hats That Wea
Twice as long as the
ordinary kind at the
price of the cheaper
class. All the new
omur nrAOflMO UfUV You Should Insure with t
iiiiiwil Lnuu iu villi Mutual I up incnrnnr'P n
r panv of New York.
1 ll I ,1 I Mil tT I a flirt WTunniTACr Ii in Tl C11 TMI Tl f'f 4 ifllllllllll V 111 I fill 11 iiri
Having neurjy iuu million uouurs ouriius iu iutiu"iiutuuiB. suut
not into the pockets of rich stockholders.
.t . i iit i unri 1 1 it i f ii vii iniiiiN iuliii itt iiuiiuviiuiui:i a iiui u 1111,1 l-iuuu iiimu 1
.11111 Yifi rniir lti run incr Kir vmirN jiiiii iiiim v t-jii" iiiiiiiiini 111 iiiii
timn i:i if. iniiiinn (iniinvfl. a nt uomnonv can snow fiiirii nn in
frtiiNf. nr Nil iiirirn uu minium, miruiii juluii iui un menus lu nunc
holders in 1011.
1. 'iiiii n..r. in iifiiii, I4if iiiii iiir vuu lulu Luaia uu muni iiiikii iiii nil
ers. it will nay you to pet our nguros ooioro insuring.
Fire, Life, Health, iM
Accident and Boiler MlbllldllU
Office opposite Post Office. HONESDALE
Consolidated Phone 1-0-L.
Tho Inu Pnot Fnrlnumont Dnliou tl fl
It I t in .1 A. nnr
for yourself. 1 costs -$43.42 per year for
years at thel'aee of 35 in the Prudential.
Ambrose A. Whalen, Agent,
The Prudential Insurance Company of Ameri
Incorporated as a Stock Company by the State of New Jersey.
JOHN F. DRYDEN President. Home Office, NEWARK N