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THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 13, 1011.
Discovery of Error Puts
It In Western Part
THE director of the census in
presenting the flnal statement
of the location of the center of
population announced that un
error was made In the preliminary
statement of July 17 last, In -which the
longitude was given as 80 degrees 23
minutes 24 seconds west.
The correct statement of the longi
tude of the center Is 80 degrees 32
minutes 20 seconds west, changing the
position of the point nine minutes, ap
proximately eight miles farther west,
and locating the center of population
In southern Indiana, at a point in tlie
western part of tho city of Bloomlng
ton, Monroe county.
In the statement of last July the
population center was placed in Brown
county, Ind., eight miles due east of
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I PARKE ! MARION' ,J I.
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JV,Q0ICLAyT ! j j 1 FRANKUN
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Bloomlngtoii. Citizens of Brown coun
ty celebrated tho announcement and
erected a monument marking the spot.
The error referred to occurred in
multiplying 310,108 population by its
distance from the assumed meridian
of 1851.0 miles. This work is done in
duplicate, and two clerks made the
same error, giving tho result of this
multiplication as 50,083,540.8 Instead
of 500,835,408, a difference of nearly
532,000,000 In the product, and as tho
error affected the western movement
It changed the position of the center
of population as noted.
In ten years tho center of population
has moved west 43 minutes 20 seconds,
or about thirty-nine miles, and north
80 seconds, or about seven-tenths of a
The great Increase in the population
of New York, Pennsylvania and cer
tain other states north of the thirty
ninth parallel has balanced tbo in
crease in Texas, Oklahoma, the In
dian Territory and southern Califor
nia. The greater advance toward tbo
USES CONCRETE GUN.
Goethals' Economical Way of Solidify
ing Culebra Channel.
Colonel Goethals' latest device to old
In the difficult work on tho Panama
canal Is a "concreto gun." It shoots n
continuous charge of cement against
the rock sides of Culebra cut, thereby
changing a soft stono subject to great
erosion In tho tropical cllmato to one
that Is a3 hard and free from erosion
Ever slnco work started tho rock
sld.es of Oulcbra cut havo been crum
bling. It Is Colonel Goethals' Idea to
save them from further deterioration
by coating them with cement, but to
do the work by band would havo cost
a tremendous sum. The "gun" Is
mounted on n flat car. It has a capac
ity of 200 square yards of surface a
flay and requires only five men to
y-KNOXOAVIE j , oA
Lpike ; ouBoifl Ebawtori?' i,
QIBSON II 1 & f
Citizens of Brown County
Had Already Erected
west is to a large extent due to the in
crease in population of the Pacific
coast states, their distance from the
center giving them much greater
weight than the populous states east of
tho center. For instance, Ban Francis
co, Seattle, Portland and Sacramento,
with n population of 000,010, have ns
great an influenco on the center as
Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore,
with a population of 2,778,078. The
west movement of the center in tho
past decade is tho same as its move
ment from 1820 to 1830.
The closeness with which the center
of populaUon through Its western
movement has clung to the parallel
30 degrees of latitude Is remarkable.
Tho most northern point was reached
in 1700 and the most southern point
In 1830. The greatest western move-
tn ! . . jLAQftANOElsTEUBEN
I -J J
. MIAMI J WELL8
' 1 ORANT I rfcl
"TJ I RUSH
jackson Is6, j P.rr:
ment Tvas In tho decade from 1850 to
18C0, when it moved eighty-one miles.
Tho total western movement slnco
1700 is 558 miles.
In 1010 the median point was located
nt latitude 40 degrees 0 minutes 24
seconds north and longitude 84 degrees
50 minutes 50 seconds west, practical
ly tho eighty-fifth meridian. Its loca
tion, therefore, was three and one-quarter
miles south of Winchester, Ran
dolph county, Ind., and Its west move
ment during tho decade was 7.5 miles,
while Its north movement was 2.3
miles. Comparing its movement since
1000 with that of tho center of popu
lation, It will be noted that tho nortk
movement of the median point was
one and six-tenth miles moro than
thnt of tho center, while tho center of
populaUon moved west 31.5 miles
moro than tho median point, showing
that tbo increaso In tho populaUon of
tho Pacific coast had a much greater
Influence on tho movement of tbo cen
ter of population than upon the me
TO PROLONG LIFE.
Sauerkraut Adopted as Experiment at
Ohio State Hospital.
Sauerkraut is to become not only the
staff but nn ngency for prolonging life
at tho Massillon (0.) State hospital,
provided tho theory of a Cincinnati
physician proves correct after a thor
Tbo claim 'of the ClnclnnaU doctor Is
that eating tho dainty will add to tho
years of the consumer.
Tho physicians at the InsUtutkra will
make observations as to tbo mental
and physical condition of the patients
after following tho diet.
A Big Mushroom.
A mushroom measuring flfty-nlno
inches In circumferenco and weighing
twenty-one and one-half pounds was
found near Swanvllle, Minn. Tho mush
room wns of the edible variety.
Easton "Poisoned Pen"
Case Growing Daily.
POLICE HAVE MORE LETTERS.
Three More Clergymen Appear Before
Investigators With Defamatory
Notes Authorities Convinced
One Didn't Write All.
Easton, Pa., Sept. 7. It was learned
here that three additional clergymen of
this place have received communica
tions in the anonymous letter mystery
that has stirred Easton. Developments
nlso make It practically certain tho let
ter writing has been done by more
than one person.
The latest recipients of unsigned let
ters are the IJev. A. H. F. Fischer, pas
tor of St. Paul's Lutheran church; tho
Itev. Charles It. Trowbridge, former
pastor of St Peter's Lutheran church,
ond the Rev. Charles II. Bohner, pas
tor of Trinity Evangelical church. II.
G. Selp, a common councilman from
the First ward, also has received sev
eral anonymous letters.
The last letter sent to Dr. Fischer
was received only a few weeks
ago. The communications received by
Messrs. Fischer, Trowbridge and Boh
ner criticised their sermons.
None of the letters wns saved. After
a time the clergymen recognized the
handwriting of the correspondent and,
ns a rule, burned the letters which fol
lowed without reading them.
JIr. Seip also became sufficiently fa
miliar with the handwriting on his let
ters to consign them to the waste pa
per basket without perusing them.
Miss Harriett De Witt, who wns ar
rested and held in ?500 bail for court
charged with being tho writer of the
"poison pen" letters sent to tho Itev.
Elmer E. Snyder, pastor of Christ
Lutheran church, and members of his
congregation, appears very little con
cerned since it has become known thnt
many anonymous letters have been re
ceived by persons who have not nc
Officials Interested in the case are
not Inclined to believe now that Miss
Do Witt is the nuthor of all the anony
mous letters she Is charged with hav
INDICT TWO RICH MEN.
Smuggling Gems of Great Value
Charged by Federal Grand Jury.
New York, Sept. 7. Tho name of
Mrs. Helen Dwello Jenkins emerged
from temporary obscurity again when
United States Attorney Wlso made
public the indictments found by the
federal grand jury Aug. 23 against
Nathan Allen, leather manufacturer,
of Kenosha, Wis., and John It. Col
lins, coal operator, of Tennessee.
Both Allen, once Mrs. Jenkins' ad
mirer, and Collins are charged with
While the value of the jewels men
tioned In the indictments Is not large.
It is reported that tho case involves
over 5200,000 in gems.
Mrs. Jenkins, it was said, quarreled
with Allen, and, seeking revenge, told
the customs officials what she knew
about tho alleged smuggling.
SWIMS ENGLISH CHANNEL.
William Burgess Accomplished Feat
After Many Trials.
London, Sept. 7. William Burgess, a
Yorkshire man, successfully swam the
English channel from Dover to Cape
The swimmer landed at Cape Grlsncz
almost exactly twenty-four hours after
Burgess has been trying for years to
emulate the feat of Captain Webb In
1875, and several times he got within
a mile of the goal, only to bo swept
away by the receding tide.
The channel between Dover and
Capo Grlsnez Is only twenty miles
wide, but the tide through tho straits
Is very strong and swimmers arc
obliged to cross at a wldo angle.
"My wife has been having some
troublo with her throat," confided a
friend, "and I got pretty worried
about It and sent for a doctor. lie
examined her and looked very grave,
and that scared mo even worse. So
I said, 'Tell mo the worst at once,
Doc,' and ho whispered, Sho will re
cover her voice.' And my wlfo over
beard tho question and the answer,
and now Doc and I aro both In bad."
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
First quarantine was established at
Venice in 1127.
Lifting the Napkin Ring.
Lay a napkin ring on the table and
try to pick it up with tho first finger.
To do this it is necessary to twirl the
ring very rapidly. Tho motion must
como from tbo wrist entirely.
Fire and sword are but slow engines
of destruction In comparison with the
He Heard Her.
"My daughter's piano lessons have1
been a great expense to me." .
"That so? Did somo neighbor sue'
IN THE REALM
Tailored Gown of Striped Tweed.
One of the new striped casnmcre
tweeds with fine lines of snxo blue on
a white background is tho fabric chO'
sen for the coat and skirt costume
shown here. Tho stripes aro cleverly
STBIPED TWEED DHESS.
nrrnnged, so that In somo cases the
lines run diagonally and thus give nn
appearance of a very smart trimming.
The skirt has n wide panel down the
center of the front, tho upper part of
which is adorned with long rows of
buttons, while tho lower half Is left
perfectly plain. In tho case of tho
upper part of this panel the stripes run
diagonally, so that they form n num
ber of mltered points.
Gold Shield Pins.
Shield pins of solid gold are the lat
est notion for girls. The tiny fas
teners are in the exact shape of the
small rounded wire pins that sell for
3 cents a card, but the girl who owns
gold shield pins always takes moro
care of them. Such conveniences aro
indispensable when away from home
and short of sewing materials, and a
card of the gold pins makes a nice
present for a girl friend.
FOR FALL WEAR
Soft Lightweight Materials Seem
to Be Given the Preference.
There Is a fine showing of wool fab
rics In all shades of tho rainbow; there
are lovely silks for day and evening
wear, and there are somo cotton and
wool mixtures that aro just tho thing
for the first cool days and evenings
that come In the autumn.
Silk and wool poplin Is one of the
prettiest materials for tho fail dress.
And a dress of this material that Is
sultablo flr the late warm days out of
doors will serve until It Is worn out for
winter days Indoors. This poplin comes
in the softest and most harmonious Im
Voiles and veilings, cotton and cot
ton and wool or all wool nro already
shown In nil the latest Shades of bluo,
brown, green and gray.
Mohairs from ?1 a yard up mako
good street -dresses or suits for be
tween 'season 'days. There is a certain
fresh look to mohair even after it has
been crinkled nnd wrinkled with much
use that makes It Ideal for street wear.
Mohairs are shown In plain colors of
which the slate colors, blues and grays
aro the best wearing and in fine In
One of the most satisfactory mate
rials now shown, a material that is serv
iceable as well as really beautiful, Is
Imported serge. From a short distance
this serge has almost tbo look of broad
cloth, yet on closer examination It
proves to bo a fine, closely woven
eergo. But It possesses a satiny finish
which is attractive.
Imported serges como at $1 a yard.
They nro made in nil tho lighter col
ors for afternoon and house wear.
Nothing could be moro atrractlvo for
tho fall than a street gown In this Im
ported serge in one of tho new blue or
Thln weight broadcloths in: light
shades are also shown, and ns they
vary to price as well as In color they
can be found to BUlt any taste and any
East Indian Fashions.
The rumor from Paris is that every
thing East Indian is to bo brought for
ward next fall and that wo will not
only have the mogul jackets, but the
gaudy Indian turban, brilliant Jewels
sot in heavy metal and wonderful
shawls made Into graceful capes for
KATHEEINE C. THURSTON.
Authoress Well Known In
America Dies In Ireland.
London. Sept 7. Sirs. Kntherine
Cecil Thurston, the Irish nuthoress,
was found dead at a hotel In Cork.
Mrs. Thurston was a native of Cork.
In 1001 she married Ernest Charles
Thurston, with whom she was the
Joint author of several popular novels.
They were divorced In 1010.
Mrs. Thurston was known in Ameri
ca as the author of several best sellers,
among which "The Masquerader" and
"The Gambler" are perhaps best
known. "The Circle." "The Fly on
the Wheel." nnd "Max" were others.
"Jones grumbles that his wife can't
take a Joke."
"That's funny, seems to me."
"She took Jones." Judge.
WILLIAMS' KIDNEY PILLS
Have you overworked your nervous sys
tem and caused troublo with your kid
neys and bladder? Have you pali.s In
loins, side, back and Madder? Have you
a flabby appearance of tho face, and un
der the eyes? A frequent desire to pass
urine? If so, Williams' Kidney P1113 will
cure you Druggist, Price 50c.
WILLIAMS MFG. CO.. Prop... Clovcland. Ohio
FOU SAIiE BY
O. O. JABWIN.
W. C. SPRY
HOLDS SALES ANYWHERE
CLOSING OUT SUMMER GOODS AT LESS
MENNER & 00. Keystone Stores.
Consisting of Made Up Goods for Ladies,
Juniors and Misses. Wash Tailor Suits,
Newest Styles. House Dresses, Wrappers &
Kimonas, White Lawn and Marquisette One
Kimona Shirt Waists and High and Low
Neck Waists. Long Coats in Light Weight
Wool, Pongee and Linen. Separate Skirts and
Jackets will be sold low to close out all re
HEtiilEP, & CO.
JOSEPH N. WELCH
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Office: Second floor Maeonic Build
ing, over 0. C. Jadwin's drug store,
M. LEE 8RAMAN
EVERYTHING IN LIVERY
Buss for Every Train and
Horses always for sale
Boarding and Accomodations
Prompt and polite attention
at all times.
ALLEN HOUSE BARN
g Designer and Man-
I ufacturer of
I Office and Works
I 1036 MAIN ST.
I HONESDALE, PA.
KRAFT & CONGER
ADVERTISE: IN THE CITIZEN