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THE CITIZEN, FIUOAY, AIMHIj 21, 1011.
SAM LOYD, 1H
He Was Inventor of file Famous
"Pigs In Glover,"
AMASSED A LARGE FORTUNE.
Known as the Puzzlo King, He Set
Problems That Taxed the Ingenuity
of the World For Two Generations.
The Donkey Made Him the Most
Sam Loyd, the puzzle inun, whose
puzzles have taxed the minds of the
whole world for almost two genera
Hons, died recently at his home In
Itrooklyn. Ho had made a fortune
out of his puzzles nnd died n very
It was as the "puzzle king" that
Sam Loyd was best known, hut be
sides being a puzzle maker he was an
artist of some ability, an inventor oi
mechanical devices, a writer, a chess
player of great proficiency and a pro
found mathematician. Hs ability in
the latter field was at the bottom of
much of his success as n puzzle
He was born in Philadelphia in 1S41
f an old Quaker family and at the
age of ten was playing chess with
some of the cracks of the country and
often beating them. First he studied
engineering, and then he studied math
ematics and languages at Heidelberg.
But all the while he was making puz
zles for his own amusement and to
perplex his friends. When ho was
twenty-five years old he became a
professional puzzle maker, conducting
a puzzle department in various news
papers for many years thereafter and
spreading his fame to the far corners
of the earth.
Most Famous Puzzles.
The two most famous puzzles in
vented by Sam Loyd were "pigs I',
clover" and the fifteen puzzle. Ills
puzzles were divided into two general
classes namely, those requiring ninii
ual dexterity and those requiring
mental dexterity. Many folks through
out the world got the pigs into the
right place at the expense of theli
nervous systems, but nobody ever
solved the fifteen puzzle. It had oc
curred to. Loyd while trying an old
Hindu puzzle of the magic square.
Famous mathematicians sought to
work it ont all over the world, but
their solutions never came right, ac
cording to its author. Mr. Loyd after
ward said that he never made nny
money out of his 'fifteen block puzzlo
because he was unable to have it
copyrighted, nor did he out of the
"pigs in clover." One store alone
sold 100,000 sets of his block puzzle
when the craze was on.
The puzzle out of which this Inventor
of brain twisters made the most mon
ey was the donkey puzzle, In which
the object was to put two Jockeys on
the backs of two donkeys. This he
patented and sold in large quantities
The facility with which his brain could
turn out puzzles of such a kind as to
bafllle the keenest mind and give half
the world headaches was shown when
he turned out the pony puzzle. It was
turned out in response to a bet made
hy a governor of Pennsylvania while
returning on trie same steamer from
Kuropo with the puzzle maker in 18i!S.
The governor had challenged Loyd to
produce a new puzzle before the pas
sengers In the smoking room. Loyd
took a pencil, drew a pony and cut him
up into three pieces. The pony was
galloping before ho cut it up, but the
thing was to make It gallop afterward.
The governor offered a reward then for
nnybody to solve it on the voyage, but
nobody did and not many afterward.
P. T. Barnuin heard of this puzzle
and ordered 10,000,000 for advertising
use. The showman traveled around
with the solution In his pocket, as he
mild not remember it overnight, he
Bald. In the end 1,000,000,000 copies
f the puzzle were sold. This and some
of the others netted him a great deal
of money, which he shrewdly Invested
la real estate and In good securities,
. with the result that he amassed a large
fortune. Shortly aftor turning out the
"disappearing Chinaman" he went to
Europe nnd introduced his puzzles to
the English newspapers. Immediately
nil England started to work over them.
Hundreds of chess problems were
turned out by Sam Loyd, whose first
prize for a maker of these was taken
when ho was eleven years old. He wns
the author of "Chess Strategy," one of
Hie most popular works on the game.
Turning to the mechanical field, he In
vented such puzzles ns the chair puz
zle and the star puzzle, nlmost impos
sible of solution.
Phonograph Calls Cows.
The phonograph, through the luge
nuity of a couple of boys In Wisconsin,
has become it thing of usefulness ns
well as amusement. After the novelty
had worn off tho boys had cast aside
the "canned" songs and funny talks
nnd gone back to checkers. But they
found that doing the chores seriously
Interfered with the game. One of them
remembered that they could talk Into
tho records and have the talk come out
Just like it went in. So between moves
each called Into the machine, "Come,
fcoss; come, boss." Then they put the
phonograph out facing the pasture and
turned it loose. Thn rows came home.
Copyright by American PreBs Asnoclatlon.
THIS MAN HANDLES A MILLION PASSENGERS A DAY.
i IHRTY years ago Frank Hedley, an English immigrant, came
through old Castle Garden with about ?'J.15 In his overalls. The
other day an interviewer queried him. "No doubt you had
pltumod to enter upon a career on arriving in America?" "Ca
reer? Thunder!" ejaculated Hedley. "I was planning to enter upon a
Job, and that mighty quick. I needed the money." Now Mr. Hedley is
gonornl manager of the subway and elevated railroads In New York,
called the Intcrborough system, carrying more than a million passengers
every day. When ho got to this country Hedley knew what kind of
Job he wanted, too, which was in his favor. He was a skilled mechani
cian. He crossed over the Hudson river and went to work In the Erie
railroad shops at $2.40 a day. Now he receives $25,000 a jar at least
that much, and probably more. They say he's worth it, too, being al
ways on tho job. nis favorite amusement, ho says, is "to go home and
count tho kids." Hedley Is a human dynamo.
A Few Thoughts on Money.
Money, otherwise known as
dough, cush, gelt, rocks, etc.
The corpuscles of national circula
tion which indicate tho strength of our
It is often called a curse. Some
swear by it, others swear for it, and
still others swear at it.
It often causes a species of mental
derangement or delirium called money
mania. Many are willing to be thus
It is tho feature of social distinction.
It is the measure of intelligence
those who have It are wise, those who
have it not aro foolish. Possession of
It entitles one to tho use of a money
gram. Though a medium of exchange. It
has no connection with souls or astral
It is tho religion of today, often
called moneythelsm. Preachers pray
for iff laymen Iny for It
It is tho be all and tho end all. Chil
dren cry for it, women sigh for it, men
die for it, and all He for it Smart Set.
Wrecked by a Knife Blade.
A ship was once wrecked on the
Irish coast. The captain was a care
ful one. Nor had tho weather been of
bo severe a kind as to explain the
wido distance which the vessel had
swerved from her proper course. The
ship went down, but so much interest
attnehed to thollsaster that a diving
bell was sunk. Among other portions
of the vessel that wero exnminqg was
tho compass that was swung on the
deck, and inside the compass box was
detected a bit of steel, which appeared
to be the small point of a pocket
knife blade. It was learned, that the
day before the wreck a sailor who
had been set cleaning the compass
had used his pocket knife In the proc
ess and hnd unceremoniously broken
off the point and left it remaining In
tho box. That bit of Unlfo blade ex
erted Its influence on tho compass and
to n degree that deflected the needle
from its proper bent and vitiated it as
an Index of the ship's direction. That
bit of knife blade wrecked the vessel.
Neighbor My! My! So the story
is true and your husband has really
eloped with the servant girl. De
serted Wife (weeping) Yes. and she
was the best girl I ever had, too, a
perfectly lovely cook, and so quiet and
respectful. Dear knows whero I'll be
ablo to get another! Philadelphia
Money is character: money also is
power. I have power not in proportion
to the money I spend on myself, but in
proportion to the money I can. if I
please, give away to another. Bulwcr
The great soul of this world Is Just.--Carlyle.
Nature's Scene Shifting.
Although In the geological past vast
changes of level occurred on tho bor
ders and even in tho center of conti
nents, It Is a debated question whether
at present similar elevations and sub
sidences can bo detected. Recently the
frequently repeated statement that the
coasts of Massachusetts and New Jer
sey are perceptibly sinking has been
disputed, tho apparent subsidence be
ing ascribed to simple chnnges of
shore line. But some curious records
kept In Europe seem to indicate that
actual fluctuations of the level of tho
land may occasionally bo observed. In
the valley of the Mnln a church tower
hidden behind a mountain screen has
since 1SC1 gradually risen into plain
view from the chateau of Strossen
dorf, and still farther in the same di
rection another church tower, which
began to bo visible from Strossendorf
eighty years ago, is now clearly seen
above tho horizon nnd is said to rise
higher as time goes on. SImilnr rec
ords exist in Bohemia, in Switzerland.
In Spain and In the French Jura.
There is un old dread of encounter
ing a derelict that is Just below the
surface of the water. There is no
such danger. A derelict that will sink
below theisurface will sink to tho bot
tom. Tnke a tub of water and try to
find any object that will unattached
occupy a position that is other than at
the surface or at the bottom. There
is a long task ahead of you. There is
tho false theory that tho water grows
denser as one goes deeper and that a
sinking object will find n place where
it will remain suspended. This theory
is not correct, and a boat that will
sink beneath tho surface will sink to
tho bottom, even if that bottom should
bo twenty miles down. The derelict
that Is bumped Into has a piece of it
self sticking out of the water as an
alarm if the eyes of tho lookout are
only sharp enough to catch It New
Many a man who never had nny
"schooling" gets an education, and
often a surprisingly good one.
A traveler In Scotland onco met a
farmer whoso ground rent was about
?20 a year and who wrote poetry In
Gaelic that was of a high order.
This same traveler met a youth In
Scotland who rode from home on
horseback to tho seaport and then
across Scotland to Aberdeen, where bo
sold his horse to enter the university.
It is related of nuother Scotchman
that ho was overheard repeating a lino
of Ttmnyson, whereupon somo one ask
ed him what poet ho liked best.
"Homer," he replied.
"Whoso translation do you read?"
"I rarely read a translation," he
said, wiping the fish scales from his
apron. "1 like best to read Homer in
the original Greek." Minneapolis Tribune
Thackeray's Disfigured Nose.
Tho usual account of how Thack
eray was disfigured says that Vcnnbles
broke the novelist's nose In a fait
fight. John Ward In Notes and Que
ries supplies number version. About
a year after Thackeray's death Mr.
Ward was traveling on one of tho
tnnin railways and had ns companions
two old ladles who know Thackeray
well. One of them said tho novelist
hnd told them this story:
"Being one of the youngest pupils
(nt Charterhouse), he was chosen by
one of the older lads, a rather proud
aristocrat in his way. to act as his
fag. Thackeray bore It as well as he
nould. but demurred t,o some more nr
ultrary command than usnnl and flatly
refused to obey, whereupon the young
'aristocrat' caught Thackeray up. hold
his head under his arm and with the
heel of his boot used as a hammer
beat the beautiful aquiline nose quite
flat with his face In fact, breaking
and injuring Its structure completely
the excuse being. 'You'll clenn my
boots next time, sir.' "
Before his injury Thackeray wns.
tho same authority says, remarkably
handsome. Westminster Gazette.
Won His Supper.
Terry Is of that class of gentry
whose nimble wit Is the only thing
which keeps tbcin from stnrvlng In
this day of practicalities. Terry Is n
great coffee drinker, and many are the
expedients he will undertake to get It I
when he is without funds. The other
evening ho walked Into a cafo and said
to the proprietor:
"Good evening, Mr. M."
"How are you, Terry?" was the re
sponse. "Pretty good, pretty good, bnrrin' n
bad t'roat. It's glad I am to sec ycr
Bclf lookln so smart and yer doln' so
well in yer business, now, ain't yer?
It's glad I am, too, about that By the
way, Mr. M.. would yer bo nfther
trustln' mo this evcnln'?"
"Trust you! Terry. I wouldn't be
trustln' my own father."
"Thrue fer you, Mr. M. If I'd know
ed yer father as well as you perhaps I
wouldn't trust him mesolf !"
And Terry got his coffee and rolls.
When Nature Was Timekeeper.
In tho British museum Is a large
stone composed of carbonate of lime,
which would serve perfectly as a day
laborer's calendar Inasmuch as it would
Indicate to him every Sunday and holi
day of tho year, though not the day of
the month. Moreover, the stone Is an
actual time record of the work done
for a long period In an English coal
Tho "Sunday stone," as it Is called,
was removed from a colliery drain.
When tho miners were at work the
water running through the drain left
a deposit colored black by the coal
dust, but when no work was being
done the water ran down clear and loft
a white deposit. These deposits in the
course of time built up tho stone.
Each day of work left a black streak.
Immediately followed by a white streak
made during tho night. Wide white
streaks indicate the holidays and Sun
days. Harper's Weekly.
Back to Adam
A parchment roll over a foot wide
and nineteen feet long containing the
genealogical tree of King Henry VI. is
in the Welsh Natlonnl library at
Aborystwith. Tho work is beautifully
executed in tubular fashion of the lat
ter half of the fifteenth century and is
illuminated with miniatures, rich capi
tals aid red ornamental letters. The
pedigree is traced from Adam, and
the particulars occupy a red line of
six yards on tho scroll. On the loft
side of tho pedigree appears the list
of archbishops of Canterbury down to
John Stafford and on the right side
tho list of Welsh princes down to Ed
ward I. Dundee Advertiser.
Eskimo Trial Marriage.
The trial marriage is an ineradi
cable custom among the Eskimos. If a
young man nnd woman are not suited
with each other they try again, and
sometimes several times, but when
they find mates to whom they nre
adapted the arrangement is generally
permanent. If two men want to marry
the same woman they settle the ques
tion by a trial of strength, and the
better man has. his way. "The North
Pole," by Robert E. Peary.
Ont) loses all the time which he
might employ to better purpose. Rous
IT GROWS HAIR.
Hero Are Facts We Want You to Prove
at Our Risk.
Marvelous as It may seem, Rexall
"03" Hair Tonic has grown hair on
heads that were once bald. Of course,
in none of these cases were tho hair
roots dead, nor had tho scalp taken on
a glazed, shiny appearance.
Rexall "03" Hair Tonic nets scieu
tiflcally, destroying the germs which
aro usually responsible for baldness
It penetrates to the roots of the hair,
stimulating and nourishing them. It
is a most pleasaut toilet necessity, is
delicately perfumed, nnd will not gum
or permanently stain the hair.
Wo want you to got a bottlo of
Rexall "03" Hair Tonic and use it as
directed. If It does not relieve scalp
irritation, remove dnudruft. prevent
tho hair from falling out and promote
an increased growth of hair, and In
every wny give entire satisfaction,
simply come back and tell us, nnd with
out question or formality wo will hand
back to you every penny you paid us
for It Two sizes, 60c. and $1.00. Sold
only at our store The Rexall Store.
A. M. LEINE.
A Double Risk.
It was well known In Mayvlllo that
when Cyrus Kauulug lent anything,
from a hammer to a plow, he expected
a good return for the favor. It was a
matter of astonishment to Wilson
Green, however, when on Inquiring of
Mr. Funning how much It would tost
to rent his lung ladder fur an after
noon Cyrus replied promptly, "One
"Now, look here, Cy." remonstrated
his neighbor; "you know I've got to
borrow It. for mine Isn't long enough
to reach where I'm obliged to climb to
search out that chimney leak for the
Widow Sears. Can't you make It less?"
"No, I can't," and Mr. Panning shook
his small head and closed his nbstlnato
"Why can't you?" demanded Wilson
"Because there's a weak place In It '
two-thirds the way up!" snapped Mr.
Fanning. "It'll bear my weight all
right, but you're a good thutty pounds
heavier. If it g.ne way under you
'twould cost mo.n dollar to get it mend
ed. Considering the resk, 1 call a dol
lar V a half cheap." Youth's Com
panion. Questions and Answers.
The time elapsing between a ques
tion and au answer is almost as impor
tant as the answer Itself. It may be
wisely long or short, but the longer it
is the wiser must bo the answer.
Let nothing shocking to eyes or ears
a roach those doors that close upon
your child. Juvenal.
The Creditors after the sale of
the Herman stock of grocer
ies have chosen Buel Dodge
as their Trustee to dispose of
their goods and they are do i nil
to be sold regardless of cost.
They must be sold at once. The sale
Wednesday, at 8 A. M. at
624 Main St.
The stock consists of Groceries and
Canned Goods, Etc.
BUEL DODGE, Trustee.
The Farmers tell us it is a
"backward" spring; and our
spelling recognizes the fact.
But the spring is coming and
the wise shoppers have been
coming here to pick out the
Spnngish Jewelry which goes
so well with dainty Spring
dresses and Millinery. Don't
be backward in coming for
ward to find the pretty thing
which especially meets your
1127 Main St.
"The liny Is cold,
It ruins, and the
SAY! IT'S GOING TO RAINS I
Rainy days are dismal days, cheerless and full of gloom; but they
are sure to come into the life of every person. You cannot hope to
escape them entirely, but you may
PREPARE FOR THE COMING STORM
By opening a savings account In HONESDALE DIME DANK. Such
a "rainy day" protection Is better than an umbrella, for the latter
will get old and fall to be of service, while tho bank account, with
its compound interest, will grow and grow and become a joy and
comfort when you most need such factors of helpfulness. Come
In and let us talk it over. With a one dollar deposit, which will
belong to you, we gve a Household Bank free.
NOTICE OF ADMINISTRATION,
Lateo South Canaan Township Wnyne. Co.
All persons Indebted to said estate are noti
fied to make Immediate payment to the un
derslgncd ; and those ImviiiK claims against
the said cstato aro notified to present them
duly attested for settlement.
South Canaan. Pn.. Kob. 27, 1911.
I WHEN THERE
in your family you of course call
a reliable physician. Don't stop
nt that; have his proscriptions
put up at. a reliable pharmacy,
even if it is a little farther from
your home than some other store.
You can find no more reliable
store than ours. It would be im
possible for more enre to be taken
in t lie selection of drugs, etc., or
in the compounding. Prescrip
tions brought here, either night
or day, will be promptly and
accurately compounded by a
competent, registered pharmacist
and the prices will be most rea
sonable. O. T. CHAMBERS,
Opp.I). it II. Station, 1Ioni:sdai.e. Pa.
JOSEPH N. WELCH
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Ofllce: Second floor Masonic Build
ing, over C. C. Jadwin's drug store,
Buss for Every Train and
Horses always' for sale
Boarding and Accomodations
Prompt and polite attention
at all times.
ALLEN HOUSE BARN
Designer and Man-
Office and Works
1036 MAIN ST. 1
HONESDALE, PA. g
mid dark, and dreary.
wind Is never weary."