The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, December 21, 1910, Image 7

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    ttir ormnx, wkdnksday, duo. 21, 1010.
A Biography,
Country Totally Unprepared
For War, Dickinson Says.
If a First Class Power 8hould Mka an
Attack They Would Have No Trou
ble In Landing on Pacific or
Atlantic Coaite.
Washington, Doc. 15. Secretary of
Wnr Dickinson has transmitted to con
gress his report on the house resolu
tion calling for a detailed statement of
Uio preparedness of the United States
for war.
The report declares the United State
Is almost totally unprepared for war,
the regular nrmy being too small, the
militia Inadequate and the forts on
both coasts unprepared to repel an en
emy. In the report the secretary
draws a dark picture of the disaster
which would overtake American arms
should war with any Ilrst class power
The secretary asserts that an enemy
would havo no trouble In effecting
landings on the Pacific or Atlantic
coasts. Alaska and other exposed
parts of the country are reported to be
at the mercy of an attacking force.
Following the reception of Uio report
Representative Hobson of Alabama In
troduced a bill providing for a council
of national defense to include the sec
retary of war. who shall be president
of the council.
The bill provides that the council
shall determine a general policy of na
tional defense nnd shall recommend
to president and congress such meas
ures relating to the national defense
ns It shall deem necessary and expe
dient Twenty thousand dollars is provided
in the bill for expenses of the council,
which shall meet at least once a year.
The effect of this bill will be to es
tablish a definite and consecutive pol
icy of national defense, determined by
tlie deliberations of both the executive
and legislative branches of the govern
ment, which will insure harmony not
only In determining the policy, but la
carrying it out.
Twenty-six Others Are Entombed Be
hind Wall of Fire.
Blucflelds, W. Vn., Dec. 15. Twenty
two men, were killed and twenty-six
entombed by an explosion In the
Greens mine at Tacoma, Va., according
to a report received here. The ex
plosion shook the entire town. The
Greens mine is ownqd by the Bend &
Bruce Coal company and is a hundred
miles from here . Itelief parties with
oxygen helmets and surgeons' supplies
.are on their way to the scene.
Superintendent .Tnnies Browning,
who entered tho shaft Just a few min
utes before the explosion, is among
the dead. AVlves and children of the
entombed men surround the entrance
begging the rescuers' to hurry.
Tho explosion is believed to have
"been caused by an accumulation of gas
In the lower levels, Ignited by an open
lamp belonging to one of the miners.
Late reports declare Are has broken
-out In the mine, and frantic efforts arc
being made to get aid to the impris
oned men. It is declared the draft
inns at tho entrance were shattered
by the explosion, so great was its
W. C. Rhinelander, With $5,000 Income,
4 It Arrested For 'Vagrancy.
Saratoga. N. Y., Dee.--16. William C.
HhlneJandeiv.yvhose fatiier, tho late
William Hhinelandcr, of New York
city disinherited him for marrying a
waitress, but who luterj was given
55,000 a year Income from the Rhlne
landcr estate, was arrested and ar
raigned on a 'charge of vagrancy.
HUlnelander'H wife recently brought
suit for separation, and" the suit is
now pending. '
In court Ithinelandor said that he
lias received nothing from his father's
estate since Oct. 30 and that he Is now
penniless and has no "place to sleep.
A night or two ago ho was permitted
to keep warm at police headquarters.
He was warned that if' he does not
find some way of supporting himself
he will bo sent to the county Jail,
Railroad Stations Are Being Sacked
and Soldiers Slaughtered.
Constantinople, Dec. 15. The revolt
of the Bedouins in the Karnk district
near the Dead seu is becoming worse.
The Bedouins have sucked all the
railroad stations to the north of Maan
and oh far as DJurfelderwlch and have
slaughtered every soldier and railway
employee they could And.
The government is sending more
troops to put down the revolt
Kindly Fruits.
Tho expression in tho prayer book
"Kindly fruits of tho earth" has for
most persons no definite-, meaning on
account of tho difference In signifi
cance now attached to tho word kind
ly from that used when tho expression
was first written, Tho word kindly In
that connection meant as nearly us
possible "of its kind," nnd tho expres
sion "kindly fruits of tho earth"
meant "tho fruits of the earth cacb
after its kind." jr , t , . ,
Santa Claus, the moat widely
known nnd popular individual on
earth, was born so lone nco that it
would not bo ladyllko for htm to Ac
knowledge It, to nobody knowi hit
oxnet age. Neither is it known Just
whero he was born, nor who his par
ents were, but they must havo been
cmlnontly respectable people, for
everybody nowadays clalniB kin with
him. He Is Uia only untitled pcrton
whom nobody calls "Mister," anil ho
Is a bacholor of excellent repute, kl
though he gives away more at Christ
mas than Mr. Cftrncfile nnd Mr. ttock
ofojler ever thought of giving, ho Is
not classed with the millionaires.
Still ho shows a preference for that
class and ho puts more In tbeir
stockings than he puts In the Block
ings or tho poor. Perhaps ho has a
taste for flno hosiery. Some bache
lors do. In any event, the fact ro
malus that tho rich get more out of
him than tho poor do. Maybe ho Is
not altogether to blame for that
Anyway, he doesn't ride around In
nn automobile. This may bo because
he wants to savo more to give a ay
At the samo time he doesn't ride In
the street cars. 'So there you are.
Santa Claus is th only truly re
ligious person outside of tho Salva
tion Army and the Public Charltio3
association, for he never asks any
body what church ho belongs to be- i
fore taking up his stocking to fill
it. Neither does he care a continen
tal about politics, and he never votes
or contributes to 'the campaign fund.
Ho is especially fond of children, and
the children are so dead stuck on
him that they want him to cotio
around every day in tho year. Their
parents, .however. don,'t feel so uiuch
that way about it, ,Snd Santa Claus
kindly considers their feelings In the
matter. ,Ho. know8,,enoueh not to, 'je
anxious ,to work ay good thing to a
Nobody knows where Santa Claus
lives in the summer, also the spring
and fall and most of the winter, but
wherever It Is It must be a healthy
place, because he always shows up
at Christmas looking so fat and 'oi
ly that really he ought to advertiso
the location and take In boarders.
There is one thing certain, If he did
there wouldn't be any "No-Children-Taken"
signs around the establish
ment Santa Claus confines his attention
almost exclusively to mankind, the
lower animals, except the reindeer,
having no pull with him whatever.
This is a well-known fact In natu
ral history, which may be proved by
pictures of Santa Claus and his
holiday turnout coming In over the
snowy roofs.
When Santa Claus dies there will
be, the biggest' funeral ever heard
of, but there Is not much likelihood
of that event ever happening so long
as there are any children alive.. When
they are all gone Santa Claus will
go too, what's the use of his mon
keying with grown-ups?
One-Toned Christmas Trees.
Even Christmas trees ure to un
dergo changes in fashion. The latest
notion is that they shall bo trimmed
in color schemes. No more variegat
ed trees, over-burdened with baubios
of every hue and color, but artistic
one-tone decorations 'aro "the thing"
this season.
The red tree has the trunk cov
ered with twigs of holly and Uio Up
crowned by a starry poinsettiu or
two. The globes and chains aro all in
red, and little red hearts and Uny
rcd-cheekod apples nre hung from
the upper branches. The candles, of
course, aro only red, and no is the
big bow of ribbon that ties tho
Tho other tree is the "Juck Frost
tree." It is covered with cotton bat
ting and' sprinkled with artificial
snow. Silver globes, sliver chains
and silver Unsel are used, because
they look llko the. glitter of snoy.
But tho crowning effect that gives.
Uio real wintry, out-of-door touch is
found In tho hundreds of glass ici
cles of all sizes that weigh down
the boughs. "White candles In silver
holders are used exclusively. Tho
top is crowned with a silver star, and
at the base lies an, Esqualmau village
in a snowy, cotton land of ice. Now
' York, Tribune, i
Growing Population Strea-"'ng Into
Cities of Mikado's Kingdom.
Japan, waving the flag of protivtl'ui
for lts'Infant lliduHtrlcs, has nllgnod It
self with the iiinhufacturltig 'countries
of tho world!
"The government scorns Jenloiu
of Jnpants classic reputation ns the
'land of rtixtirloiiH Hce' Oropn,' " writes
an RngllShniau,' '"The l6ople want and
nre getting a 'black country' to boast
of. They want n Lancashire of their
own. They threaten to become prouder
of n forest of chimney stacks than of n
forest of trees-to delight more In fin'
nnces than In flowers."
The fact Is that Japan la dxpciinn'
lng just now that streaming of tin'
country population Into her towus and
cities. That thing which recently li.i
been worrying Undo Jim Hill and the
rest of the United States In urban i n
vlronmcnt hi promising n crisis fr
Japan In far shorter time. Japan's
"Increased cost of living," through h
sertlon of the rice paddles and or
ehnrds for tin' lights and glamours o,
her cities, Is promising record time is
arriving. These simple people of the
agricultural sections, swarming to IN
cities, will encourage for n time the
Japanese manufactories because of tii
greater demand for those things whirl)
urban Hfo demands.
"But who will feed them?" the Jnpn
nesc poveYnment Is asking seriously.
The population of Japan Is rU,0(iO.
000, and 00 per cent of It still Is In tin
rural districts. But the sign of land
desertions is looming large. Tho now
tariff Is for protection of manufac
tures distinctly. Bnw materials arc
passed in duty free, partly manufac
tured goods have a light imposition ol
duty at her ports. But on completed
manufactures there is the flat 40 per
cent duty in which one reads the Intent
of the framers of the tariff.
This ambition and progress of Japan
In manufacturing may be seen In her
cotton mills and their output. There
are 100 of these mills in operation,
costing $30,000,000 in tho aggregate.
The output annually Is 300,000,000
pounds of cotton yams. In round fig
tires these mills employ 10,000 mule
and 59,000 females, the average wagi
of the men standing at 21 cents a day.
while the women folk average about 12
An additional feature In the rapid
growth of the Japanese cities Is the
fact their birth rates aro so llttlt
smaller than the birth rate In the rural
districts. And yet the young man and
young woman of the agricultural see
tlons are chased away to the cities In
alarming numbers. Sixty per cent of
her people are on the farms today as
against 15 per cent in Great Britain.
Per Capita Wealth $2,130 Against $1,30C
For White Americans.
The per capita wealth of the Indian
is approximately $2,120; that for othei
Americans Is only a little more than
lfl,:!00. The lands owned by the In
dians are rich In oil, timber and othei
natural resources of all kinds. Some
of the best timberland In the United
States Is owned by Indians.
The value of their agricultural lands
runs up In the millions. The ranges
which they possess support about 500,.
000 sheep nnd cattle, owned by lessees,
bringing in a revenue of more than
$272,000 to the various tribes, besides
providing feed for more than 1,500,000
head of horses, cattle and sheep and
goats belonging to tho Indians them
selves. 'Practically the only asphalt
deposits in the United States aro on
Indian lauds.
Eggs of Either Mother or Daughter
Bring $25 Apiece.
Winner over all others of her breed,
I.ady AVnshlngton, a raven black Or
pington, lien, worth $12,000, has only
one of her kind ns a rival, her own
daughter. Her offspring Is worth $10,
000. Whenever either chooses to do
the commonplace thing of laying an
egg that egg is wortli $25.
Both chickens were on exhibition re
cently at a poultry show. Lady Wash
ington arrived from her home at Fnc
toryvllle, Pa., accompanied by two at
tendants, and occupied a specially con
structed coop in a specially reserved
New York Has 2,424 In Two Blocks of
School District.
The census taken by tho New York
department of education of children
of school ngc In Manhattan shows that
In the two blocks bounded by Madi
son, Cherry, Scammel and Jackson
streets there are enough children to
fill n school. The department found
there children of school nge.
In tho, block bounded by Madison,
Monroe,' Jackson and Scammel were
l,2.'t(t children nnd in tho block to the
east 1,188. These two blocks nre the
most congested not only In the city,
but probably In the world.
Famous Models Being Collected,
The United States patent ofllco. Is as
sembling the models of tho first Ideas
along several Hun of InvcnUon, such
ns the first telephone, first sewing ma
chine and first phonograph.
Machine Sells Newspapers.
A coin in the slot machine that n
Now Yorker has Inveuted to sell news
papers Is arranged to accommodate
various sized, papers and to accept va
rious prices.
t ".i(T'l
1TIZEN3S Great Tour of
Prize Voting
ly subscript
Nomination Blank Good for 1,000 Votes
The CITIZEN'S Tour of Bermuda and
Prize Contest
A1)I)1U2SS :
DISTRICT NO . . . . ;
Only the First Nomination Blank Cast for
Each Candidate will Count as 1,000 Votes
Over and above the regular scale will be given
for every yearly subscription paid to the Citizen
during "Booster's Week," between Friday, Dec.
16th and Thursday, Dec. 22nd at 8 P. M.
Every reader should pay a subscription
during "Booster's Week" and help some deserv
ing young lady win a Tour of Bermuda.
Old subscribers are entitled to vote. The
same number of votes are allowed on both old
and new subscriptions.
REMEMBER, candidates, 7,500 votes on EVERY yearly subscription
Get as many as you can during this week.
Contest by paying a yeair-
To Bermuda Contest
District No
This Coupon, when neatlv trimmed out, name, address, prop
erly filled in and brought or sent to the TOUR DEPARTMENT OF
THE CITIZEN, will count as 25 votes in THE CITIZEN'S TRIP
The first one of these Coupons received for any young lady
will place her in nomination and will count for 1,000 votes.
Bermuda and
'I r '! .
to-' .X'