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THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 13, 11)10.
A Rctlew of Ihc Work of tho Session Just
Closed Tho Goro Charflcs Tafl and tho
Insurgents the Victors The Big Stick
Still Doing Business Roosevelt and
tho Congressional Campaign Why
"Scotty" Could Not Keep Up.
Uy JAMES A. EDGER-TON.
Our Washington Correspondent.
PERHAPS tho most Ecnsiitlonal
episode of tho close of the
Inst session of congress wns
tho charge by Senator Thomas
1'. Gore 6f Oklahoma that there
had been an attempt to bribe him
to support certain Indian claims. It
appears that a lawyer by tho name
of McMurrny had made contracts with
individual Indians to represent them
in coal land and other transactions for
a fee of 10 per cent of the value of
such lands. The claims on these fees
nmouuted to something like $3,000,000.
and It was estimated that with other
similar ones they might reach as high
THOMAS r. oonc
as $10,000,000. Gore asserted that not
one penny's worth of service had been
rendered In return. lie alleged that
he had been approached by a man who
had been his friend in a time of need
and was iuformed that If he would
favor the McMurray claims there
would be something in It for him. and
$2o,000 or $30,000 was named. Ho was
also told that a similar offer had been
made to a member of the house. He
alleged that a member of tho present
house, n member of the present senate
and former senators from Kansas and
Nebraska were Interested In thest
claims. Three times he reiterated
these charges on the floor of the sen
ate, and Anally the body was aroused
to u realization of the gravity of the
case. An amendment prepared by
Gore providing that congress must
pass on all such claims was inserted
In tho deficiency appropriation bill.
An echo of the Gore charges was
heard in the house, and both bodies or
dered un Investigation.
A review of the work of congress
must emphasize these facts: That
President Taft has procured practical
ly his entire legislative program, In
cluding the railroad bill, tho postal
savlugs bank bill, the statehood bill,
two conservation bills, the tariff board
appropriation and the campaign pub
licity bill, and that the Insurgents
have materially modified tho house
rules, have radically amended the rail
road bill and have virtually forced
the retirement of Cannon from the
speakership and of Aldrlch and Hale
from the senate. The upshot of the
whole matter Is that with the presi
dent nud with the Insurgents rests the
Taking tho leading measures In the
order of their importance, the railroad
bill has ulready beeu so fully de
scribed In these reports that further
detailed description Is unnecessary.
One notable feature of tho measure
that has not been sufficiently dwelt
upon, however. Is that creating n com
mission to inquire Into the wnterlng
of stocks and stock regulation. It is
practically certain that with this os u
lever tho president will Insist on fur
ther legislation on this lino beforo his
term of ofllco is ended. It is but fair
to add that on all sides the new rail
road law Is regarded aa n distinct Im
provement on tho old. Tho insurgents
claim credit for this, stating that the
bill as drafted by Attorney General
WlcUcrsbnm was a step backward,
nowever that may be, tho law as It
stands today is generally looked upon
as an advance.
Tho postal savings bank bill as final
ly passed was subject to bitter nttneks
on tho claim that it would divert money
from local communities Into Wall
street. It was admitted, however, that
as originally drafted tho bill was even
moro open to this charge, several sub
sequent restrictions having been placed
ebout it. Postal savings banks oro n
now departure In America, and tho ex
pcrimont will bo watched with Intense
Tho campaign publicity bill relates
only to congressional elections. The
chief subject of controversy In relation
to this measure ynn " t whether
publication should be made both before
nud nfter election or after election
alone. Even with the ante-clectlou
publication eliminated the mcasuro Is
still felt to be a step In the right di
rection. Tho passage by the house of the bill
prohibiting gambling In cotton futures
brings this mensuro before the senate
at the beginning of the short session
snd may open tho way to a general
law against all forms of stock ex
Talk about tho big stick! You should
havo seen Taft swinging It in tho clos
ing days of the session. Biff, crash!
That wns a senatorial head! Uang,
blngl That was tlio caput of a mem
ber of tho house I Teddy in his most
strenuous days never beat this! Tho
Taft golf games were evidently only
practice affairs In preparation for the
big event. Tho president stood tho
senators up in a row nud took a crack
at each. You won't pass my postal
bank bill, eh? niff! You don't favor
tho land withdrawal bill, what? Smash!
You can't see tho reclamation bond
measure, huh? Take that! Say, ho
had them so tamo they would Jump
through hoops or Ho down and roll
over. Did ho got his program? Why,
ho could have got a program twice as
Tho approaching congressional cam
paigns now form tho one topic of con
versation among those who yet remain
In Washington, and tho work of the
session Is chiefly interesting to tho per
spiring statesmen In its possible influ
ence on politics. The regulnrs profess
to believe that their cause has been
much strengthened by tho govern
ment's injunction against tho railroads
and by tho forcing through of tho Tnft
program. They are free to admit that
the tido was against them up to the
time that these events were pulled off,
but are sure it hns now turned. The
Democrats insist that high prices, graft
exposures and tho tariff are tho issues
that chiefly interest tho country, that
whatever political capital might result
from enacting the Taft program is
neutralized by the fact that tho Dem
ocrats and insurgents helped to put In
many good features in the railroad bill
and other measures and that tho ques
tion of Cannonism is still up and
will be n determining factor In the
election of the next house.
The probable attitude of Colonel
Roosevelt Is still a subject of excited
speculation, and the opinions range all
the way from Taft optimism to "back
from Elba." Certainly no one man
ever kept the entire country guessing
so long as has Hoosevolt since ho left
tho presidency. Friends of tho admin
istration confidently state that Oyster
Bay has been in cordial communica
tion with the White House. Tho Gnr-fleld-PInchot
contingent as confidently
assert that the colonel la behind their
program and will speak out when the
tune comes. Amid all this clamor I
have heard one prediction that sounds
sensible. A western senator who had
been In consultation with Lodge told
me ho hnd it straight that Roosevelt
did not Intend to tako sides at all; that
he would talk principles and avoid
personalities. In the language of this
senator. "Itoosevelt will speak for
straight Itepubllcau doctrines and
leave the Balllnger-PInchot controversy
and all other factional disputes Inside
tho party severely alone."
There was one amusing incident
which came as u result of the express
train time on which things were being
done. It was on one of the "pork"
bills that relating to public buildings
nnd Senator Scott was in charge.
Tho clerk was plowing through figures
like a bird dog through a wheatflcld,
and tho speed took "Scotty's" breath.
Several times he had to call a halt
either to find out what page tho clerk
Photo by American lress Association.
NATHAN n. SCOTT.
was reading on or to straighten out
somo tanglo into which tho fast pace
had Involved him. Twice ho offered
this Identical excuse for delaying the
procession: "Mr. President, flvo or six
senators were trying to talk to mo at
once, and I could not keep up." It
woa observed that Senator Reed Smoot
of Utah was one of tho "flvo or six,"
but It was evidently to somo purpose
thnt ho butted In. for ono of tho
amendments moved by "Scotty" wns
f3,000 for somo town In Utah, where
at Smoot smiled In a satisfied way and
beat a rotreat.
Rations For Pigs.
It Is Impossible to glvo tho "best"
ration for pigs, as the ono that would
produce tho best results In ono locality
tinder certain conditions may bo too
spcnslvo in another locality, or it may
not bo available at all. It is thcrcforo
necessary to know what feeding stuffs
nro available beforo n satisfactory
opinion can bo given. When a pig is
first weaned he should be fed four
times a day for a week or two and
three times after that. Tho quantity
must be regulated by tho pig's appctlto
and ability to digest tho food. Always
feed a llttlo less than tho pig would cat
if he could get It. Give him the run
of a good sized clean yard, preferably
a grass lot, and If you can get wheat
middlings and sweet sklmmllk you do
not need to look for anything better.
Begin with a small handful of mid
dlings mixed with the milk nnd In
crease ns tho pig grows. Always givo
pigs fresh water to drink every day,
and It is also advlsablo to keep salt,
ashes and charcoal within reach at all
times. Cor. Rural Now Yorker.
Sheep tho Farmer's Friend.
The sheep Is the fertilizing friend of
the farmer. It returns to tho soil 80
per cent of what it consumes in tho
way of fertility. It will eat what
other animals will refuse to touch. It
Is a browser nnd bites close. It will
chew weeds nnd waste right down to
the roots and In new country will eat
off the young shrub as fast as it makes
Its appearance. All tho while it is en
gaged In this good work of fertilizing
the' land and putting it into condition
to yield its increase the sheep is piling
on wool and making mutton out of the
weeds and rubbish and thereby return
ing to the farmer a little in each hand.
Livo Stock Report.
Self Sucking Cows.
A successful way of breaking a self
sucking cow is to get a small piece of
gas pipe and havo a blacksmith drill
holes in every way, writes a Nebraska
farmer in tho Breeder's Gazette. Put
a ring in each end like a bridle bit and
with a piece of a rope tie tho bit in the
cow's mouth. She cannot suck, as she
will suck air through the holes in the
gas pipe. Or take u common bridle bit
nnd put it on the cow and she may not
suck. The bit will cause the cow a
little inconvenience for a few days
only, and then she will pay no atten
tion to it.
FEED FOR PIGS.
When Properly Used It Has
Value as a Meat Maker.
Answering an Inquiry ns to the value
of buttermilk as a feed for pigs, the
Iowa Homestead says: We are not
able to give the results of much sci
entific investigation conducted along
this line, as the experiment stations
seem to have In a largo measure pass
ed the subject up. Professor nenry
makes the claim that when buttermilk
is not diluted Its feeding value is prac
tically equivalent to that of sklmmllk,
nnd sklmmllk hns a feeding value of
nbout 30 cents per 100 pounds when
corn is worth a cent a pound. It has
been determined that milk has this
valuo when It Is fed in the proportion
of not more than three pounds of skim
milk to one pound of meal. Fed in
this proportion. It was found that 827
pounds of milk were equivalent to 100
pounds of cornmcnl. Experiments con
ducted abroad Indicate a lower feeding
value, and one Instance is cited where
six pounds of sklmmllk had the same
feedlug vnlue as one pound of grain.
It cannot be denied that n great
many persons condemn tho use of both
sklmmllk nnd buttermilk for pigs, but
ns a matter of fact cither ono can be
utilized as an economical meat maker
If sensible precautions are taken. Wo
would not ndvlso feeding buttermilk
three times n day, nor Is It always ad
visable to glvo pigs all tho buttermilk
they will drink. Where considerable
corn Is fed a very good way to use but
termilk is to soak the corn In It for a
period of twelvo or possibly twenty
four hours. This Is an ideal way to
get hogs accustomed to tho use of
cither milk or buttermilk. Care should
bo taken to sec that tho barrel Is
cleaned out nt the end of twenty-four
hours, because souring can go on to
that point where U nmounts to tho
same thing as putrefaction.
Lamps In Colts.
Lampas rarely does any Injury In
mature horses, but In colts, when gums
Bro Inflamed, they are annoying. Tho
best remedy Is a few incisions with a
knlfo from back to front. Wo uso a
"lampas cutter," which Is a hooked
cutter and much safer than a pocket
knife, for if you cut tho palatine artery
a serious hemorrbago Is apt to occur.
Swine Need Water.
If you want ?." know how essential
pure, cool watpr in to profltnblo swlno
raising feed bog on a modernto
amount of swlu and milk Just ten
hours; then offer it somo fresh, cool
water by tho side of any other kind of
rations you can raVo up and sec how
quickly and greedily be will cbooso the
While dry seasons l-nve their draw
backs, it is n matter of common ob
servation that the quality of both
small grain nnd corn cropj Is better
during such seasons thnn during tlioso
In which there is an excess of rnln.
That buttermilk can hardly be rec
ommended ns a healthful beverage
which Is got from creameries or pri
vate dairies In which tho cream prod
uct is in part furnished by cows badly
affected with tuberculosis. And what
Is true of tho buttermilk holds true In
even larger measure with tho fresh
milk from tho snino nnlmnls.
If tho piece of lowland dries out
sufficiently so as to bo put In fit shape
ns a seed bed by July 1 sorghum will
give excellent returns ns a forage crop.
Tho seed should bo sowed at tho rale
of a bushel and a half per acre. Tho
crop should bo cut at about tho time of
the first frost nnd put In largo cocka
In tho field, where It may be left until
needed. Sorghum does not pull heav
ily on tho soil nnd may be grown on
the same land several seasons with
The California poppy, which grows
In greatest profusion on the Pacific
const, exhibits as docs no other flower
pure yellow nnd orange colors, tho
outer portions of tho four pctalcd
flower showing tho former color, while
tho Inner portions, near tho center,
show the latter color with great pu
rity. Tho flower has u spread of from
one nnd a half to three inches, while
tho leaves, although larger, closely re
semble those of the eastern wood
flower the Dutchman's breeches.
As a result of spraying experiments
carried on in some of tho mldwestern
states Iron sulphate has been found
effective In killing wild mustard as
well as dandelions and a number of
other weeds. From sevcuty-flve to a
hundred pounds of the sulphate should
be dissolved In flfty-two gallons of wa
ter nnd this solution applied with
spraying outfit in the shape of fine
mist. The younger nnd more tender
tho weeds sprayed, the weaker the so
lution which will need to be used.
Sixty per cent of the money paid
out In doctors' bills by girls and wo
men could be put in the bank if moth
ers would acquaint themselves nnd
their daughters with the simplest
laws having to do with the proper care
of the body, Including tho need of
fresh nlr and deep breathing, whole
some food and its proper mastication
nnd digestion and the taking of suffi
cient sleep and rest. Dope and drugs
and often surgical operations are at
best but a makeshift and seldom go to
the seat of the trouble, u change In
the habits of life being tho thing chief
Tho last annual report of tho presi
dent of the American Jersey Cattle
club contains some interesting statis
tics relative to this popular dairy
breed. It shows an Increase In regis
trations during tho past year of 18,079,
an Increase of 21 per cent over those
of the year preceding, while the num
ber of transfers recorded was 21,030,
which was an Increase of 29 per cent.
From tho time of the organization of
the club, April 1, 1SS3, to April 30,
1910, the total number of animals reg
istered hns been 329,071. The club has
plans under way for a still more thor
ough ndvcrtlslng of the merits of the
breed among dairymen of the country.
Tho work In many n homo would bo
Immensely lightened were some plan
carried out by which an abundance of
water could be available uuder pres
sure. In towns this problem Is easily
solved by tapping the city water main.
On farm or ranch it means the iustnl
latlon of a pumping plant and tank of
good capacity, together with necessary
plumbing to send the water whero It is
needed. The same system can be used
to carry water to tho barn and feed
lots and to tho garden patch In case
water Is needed for Irrigation. The
writer Is firmly of the opinion that a
water plant of the above description
would be worth going Into debt for,
ns would bo true of n kitchen stove
or n cream separator.
Having moved recently from a state
In which tho meadow lark is held in
high regard as a destroyer of Insect
pests nnd as ono of tho earliest har
bingers of spring, tho writer has been
I Interested lu making comparisons with
' Its far western cousin, which Is a
' dweller the year through In the valley
! whero tho writer lives. While the
! western bird shows a greater variety
) of characteristic songs, none of them
seems to possess that marvelous flute
I like sweetness of tho ono song of the
eastern lark, somo bird authorities to
tho contrary notwithstanding. In np-
pearanco both representatives closely
resemble each other, the malo bird In
both Instances having the bright yel
low thront with tho black crescent.
That the farmer is Jockeyed a good
deal lu tho grading of tho grain which
i he sells has been suspected for somo
time past, and this has rcferenco to
practically nil cereals In which grades
are rtjeognized. Ono of tho big termi
nal elevators In n Minnesota city, tho
tho small local elevator, took in in the
courso of one year 3,000,000 bushels of
.No. 1 wheat, 4,000,000 bushels of No. 2
and 8,000,000 bushels of No. 3. This
wheat must havo been subjected to
somo marvelous process of improve
ment, for when this total of 15,000,000
bushels of wheat was forwarded thero
were 8.000,000 bushels of grado No. 1,
4.000,000 bushels of No. 2 and 3.000,000
bushels of No. 8. This kind of skull
duggery probably passes, under tho
namo of busluess, but in reality Is
wholesale robbery, and It should bo
viewed and treated as such.
Man as an Engine.
Among the Invostlgntlons undertak
en by tho Carnegie Institution Is ono
Intended to determine tho physical
properties nnd efficiencies of tho hu
man body. Tho experiments are simi
lar In their nature to those made by
mechanical engineers on stcam-englnca
nnd power-plants. An nparntus has
been devised, under the direction of
Professor Benedict of the Wosloynn
University, whereby man, conolde. ed
as nn engine or power-plant, may bo
studied a3 carefully as any other me
chanical plant. Investigators are alao
studying the effects and the chemical
and physiological properties ol vari
ous foods. Tho president of the In
stitution, Professor Woodward, re
marks that the Investigations possess
a peculiar interest, Inasmuch ns the
Instruments of Investigation are at
the same tlmo the objects of research.
It has been shown that the after
glow that follows the ordinary twi
light, and which produces BUch beauti
ful effects upon tho snowy summits
of the high Alps, Is a phenomenon of
general occurrence, and tho hypothesis
has recently been put forth that tho
light may be duo to n peculiar form
of radiation from tho sun, composed of
waves lying beyond tho ultraviolet of
the spectrum, and remaining In the
upper nlr a quarter of an hour after
the disappearance of the visible sun
set rays. The supposition Is that these
rays, although themselves Invisible,
may excite phosphorescence In the at
mospheric particles, thus producing a
Asking Too Much.
The mother of little six-year-old
Mary had told her a number of times
not to hitch her sled to passing
sleighs, feeling that It was a danger
ous practice. It was such a fascinating
sport, however, that Mary could not
resist It, and one day her mother saw
her go skimming past the house be
hind a farmer's "bob."
When sho came In from play she
was taken to task, her mother say
ing severely, "Mary, haven't I told you
that you must not hitch onto bobs?
Besides, you know It Is against the
Mary tossed her head. "Oh," she
said, "don't talk to rp about the law.
It's all I can do to keep the Ten Com
mandn'ents!" Do You
There's quite a difference in the quality of lath
don't spend your money for the ordinary shaky
stuff found in many lumber yards. Our
White Pipe and
is of a much superior quality. It means money
saved when you purchase here os we are care
ful to buy stock of only the best quality even if it
does cost us a little more.
You Arc Sure of Quality and Prompt Attention at Our Yards.
MARTIN HERMANN, Callicoon, N. Y.
D. & M. CO. TIHE TABLE
. llinshamton ..
. Philadelphia .
y 4 .'
.. Late I,oloro ...
.. . Wiiymart
... llonestlalo ....
The Era of New Mixed Paints !
This year oponj with a dolugo of now mixed paints. A con
dition brought about by our enterprising dealers to get some kind
of a mixeF paint that would supplant CHILTON'S MIXED
PAINTS. Their compounds, being now and heavily advertised,
may find a sale with tne unwary.
TIIE-ONLY place in honesdale
AUTHORIZED TO HANDLE
Is JADWIN'S PHARMACY.
There are reasons for tho pro-minonco of CHILTON PAINTS
1st No one can mix a bettor mixed paint.
2d Tho painters declare that it works easily and has won
dorful covoring qualities.
3d Chilton stands back of it, and will agree to repaint, at his
owu oxpense.ovory surface painted with Chiltou Paint that
4th Those who havo used it aro perfectly satisfied with it
and recommend its uso to others.
The Only Dry Place.
A stingy nnglor was fishing on a
Scottish loch on a pouring wet day
Ho had been consoling himself from
his flask and forgetting his gillie.
Presently ho asked Uio gtlllo If thero
was a dry place In the boat on which
to strike n match. "You might try
my throat," said tho gillie. "It's drj
enough I"- Fishing Qnzette.
Attention is called to tne STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
City has published a ROLL Oi
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In this list the WAYNE
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stands 38th in the United States
Stands 10th in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wavne County.
Capital, Surplus, $455,000.00
Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00
Honesdale. Pa.. May 29, 1S08.
J I'M" I tlll'l'l Win i'I 'I MM iWllj
A. O. BLAKE,
AUCTIONEER & CATTLE DEALER
Yon will make money
bell phone 9-u Bethany, Pa.
8 45 ....
7 31 7 32
A . M
2 25P M.
1 oo, 10 05
P.M. P M.
Lv A.M. P.M. P.M.
.. A.M.,P M,
CHILTON'S MIXED PAINTS