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THE CITIZEN, FIIIDAY, jt'LY 1, 1010.
tThls matter must not bo reprinted with
out special permission.
THE ROBIN SLAUGHTER.
From reports which have appeared
recently In the dally papers the slaugh
ter of tho robins continues without
abatement In the south, especially In
portions of Tennessee. It seems that
In tho eastern portion of Rutherford
county, In that state, the robins shortly
before their migration north congre
gate by tho thousand In the cedar
groves, and It has become a custom to
form largo parties for tho purpose of
capturing them. In one night one of
these parties made the record catch of
2.G37 redbreasts, while It is estimated
that 150,000 were captured on these
roosting grounds alone in tho three
weeks preceding tho one night's catch
referred to. The plan followed In the
capture of the birds Is to have catchers
stationed In tho cedars, while others
drive the birds to them. Those sta
tioned in tho trees arc provided with
bags, into which tho birds are thrust
when caught, one person sometimes
bagging as high as 323 birds in a sin
gle night And this wanton slaughter
of these beautiful and useful birds is
prosecuted for tho munificent reward
of 10 cents n dozen, which tho dead
birds fetch on the local markets. This
case but emphasizes the need of carry
rylng out a suggestion made in these
notes some months ago thnt those in
terested In the effective protection of
bird life should lend their combined
influence to secure tho enactment of n
federal law which will exempt from
such wanton slaughter all useful mi
gratory or interstate birds. A letter of
inquiry sent by the writer to tho chief
of the biological survey at Washing
ton elicited the information that up to
that time no legislation of this charac
ter had been presented or even given
serious consideration. It would seem
high time that some such action was
THE FLY CAMPAIGN.
It is a pretty good idea to carry the
war on flies Into their own territory
namely, out of doors. A big step along
this line may be made by putting the
accumulations of horse manure in the
stable In some screened bin where the
'flies cannot have access to it, as this is
the chief breeding place for the house
fly. If this is not feasible the same
object can be accomplished by scatter
ing slaked lime over the dung pile ev
ery few days. Thousands of the flies
that swarm near the back door will
congregate elsewhere if all garbage
and slops are put in covered recepta
cles at some distance from tho kitchen
door, while those that do gather there
may bo killed by placing a formalin so
lution (two teaspoonfuls to a pint of wa
ter) in shallow dishes just outside the
door and sweetening the solution with
a little sugar. This fly killer Is to bo
commended because It Is cheap and is
harmless if the little folks should drhrk
some of it The same solution can bo
placed in saucers in the house and
the work of extermination completed.
In a late installment of these notes
a paragraph on tho peaT blight recom
mended kerosene as a suitable disin
fectant for tools used in removing
blight Infected portions of pear and
apple trees. This was given on what
was supposed to bo good authority, but
a series of articles put in print within
a few days by Professor P. J. O'Gara,
pear blight specialist of the depart
ment of agriculture and stationed for
the past three years in the Ilogue river
valley, states that no disinfectant
should bo used but corrosi.ve sublimate
mercuric chloride which is a deadly
poison when taken internally, but has
no ill effect on cuts or bruises on tho
hands. lie recommends that a solution
as strong as 1-1000 should be used,
made by dissolving three tablets in
four ounces or half a pint of water. A
small sponge kept moistened with tho
solution Is the most convenient means
of applying It to the tools to be disin
fected. It Is important to disinfect tho
pruning tools after each operation, as
well as tho wound In twig or limb.
WIND AND GASOLINE POWER.
Tlfo chief drawback with the wind
mill as a furnisher of motor power for
pumping and other purposes lies In
tho fact that too often w.hcn power Is
most needed it Is likely to go on a
strike for lack of n breeze to stir It
"Whllo tho gasollno engine has tan
trums now uud then, yet If worth any
thing to start with aud handled dis
creetly It can usually bo couuted on to
do business' when needed, whllo' It
furnishes euough power to do many
Jobs too heavy for n windmill to han
die. As a general thing a gasollno en
clno will provo useful and satisfactory
qulto directly In proportion to tho
price which tho manufacturers asu
for ltvnnd this Is a fact that It Is well
to keep in view when purchasing,
lany a fellow buys a bargain counter
easollrib engine only to execrate the
day when ho was bo niggardly short
it f iy i
Some one claims to Imvc (Uncovered
tliut gophers do not like ryo nud that
a strip of this cereal gown about n
whcntflcld will keep the rodents out
An Iowa farmer got rid of a good
, sized patch of Canada thistles last
year, after several methods had failed,
by plowing them every ten days from
April until August and then sowing
the tract heavily to millet. A few
J weeks later he was unablo to find a
It is a whole lot more sensible to jog
along behind old Kate or Dobbin with
a nest egg In the bank than to bo
scooting over tho hlglnvnys In n late
model automobile, the purchase of
which has meant tho putting of a
mortgage on tho town home or farm
stead. Many the folks who hnvo done
or are doing this very thing In hnsto
who will doubtless have opportunity
to repent nt leisure.
Perhaps there Is no Influence which
tends to get the boys and girls started
In tho right path in taking up tho work
of outdoors and the homo so much ns
a little appreciation bestowed now nud
then, even if the point should t bo
strained a lilt at times, for, after all,
excellence of achievement In nny case
is n comparative and not an absolute
matter. Appreciation will make a task
a pleasure Instead of drudge work,
which It so often degenerates into
when only criticism Is given.
Tho first navel orange tree of which
there Is any record was found growing
on tho north shore of tho Mediterra
nean sea in tho year 15C5 by n monk,
who wrote a description of tho tree
and fruit and painted a picture of it
Grafts of this trco were later taken to
Spalu and thence to South America,
whence scions were brought to this
country by an American lady In 1SG9,
they being propagated In the botanical
gardens at AVashlngton. Because of
this fact it Is usually called tho Wash
Growers of sweet peas In a good
many sections had this favorlto source
of fragrant bloom well nigh ruined
last season by the green aphides, or
plant lice. These arc sucking and not
biting insects, and hence the ordinary
poisons do not reach them. They must
bo killed by contact with some spray,
and for this nothing Is better than
a solution made by steeping tobacco
leaves or stems in warm water. This
may be applied to the vines with an
effective hand sprayer. If one treat
ment does not kill all of the lice, a
second application should be given.
Inspections made at the different
packing and slaughter houses of tho
country show that fully 2 per cent of
all hogs killed are affected with tuber
culosis. An interesting fact In connec
tion with this state of affairs is that
tho outward and seemingly thrifty ap
pearance of an animal is no guarantee
whatever that it is free from disease.
Investigations into the causes of the
disease in hogs show the most fre
quent causes of Infection to be the
feeding on buttermilk from creamer
ies, eating milk from tuberculous cows
and feeding behind cattle affected with
As a result of a recent order issued
by the secretary of the Interior there
have been withdrawn from entry in
Wyoming, Utah and Idaho 2,000,000
acres of land which are underlaid with
phosphate. He has also recommended
to congress that a law be passed which
will permit of the mining of this rock
phosphate, but only on the condition
that none of it be exported. Secretary
Ualllnger is to bo commended for this
action. Inasmuch as half of the phos
phate mixed in this country last year
was exported, here would seem to be
a phase of tho conservation of re
sources movement that congressmen
might well give their aid to.
Breeders of Jersey cattle seem to be
dividing iuto two camps over the ques
tion of tho type of cow which shall
be accepted as a standard by growers
of this breed of dnlrjj cattle. Some,
tho minority, contend that the show
ring type tho smaller inland typo
shall be adopted ns the standard. More
hold that the larger American typo of
cow with the big barrel and udder,
the one which makes the best showing
in pall aud churn, shall bo the model
to copy after. Since dairymen keep
cows for the money rather than tho
pleasure there Is in the business tho
hatter type of cow would seem to bo
the ono which will ultimately prevail.
Tho butter fat and oleo fellows have
been having It out before a congres
sional investigating committee at
Washington tho past few weeks, and
at tho tlrao of writing It I uncertain
what thfoutcomo of the henrfug will
be. Tho controversy has been preclpl
tatcd anew because tho oleo fellows
really tho pacldng trust want the tax
on colored oleo removed so that they
can realize. n still larger proflt by sell
ing it undentho guise of butter. Tho
butter men couteud. nud rightly, that
this is in reality an attempt to get
money under false pretenses and In so
far works an Injustice to their husi
ness. Tho law In force governing tho
salo of oleomargerlno levies a tax of
10 cents a pound on oleo colored to
imitate butter, whllo tho tax oh tho un
colored product Is but one-fourth of.n
cent per pound, tho consumer being
allowed to color tho oleo after pur
chase to suit his own taste. Whllo tho
high price of food products is a dlvo
ono, it is hardly so live as to justify
tho passago of a law which will enable
tho packing trust to palm off beef
greaso and cottonseed oil on a hungry
public for what they aro really not.
alllJ Rutland, Vt
THE PARABLES OF THE KING
DOM. International Bible Lerton for July 3,
10 (Matt. 13: 31-33, 44-52).
Tho Parables of the Kingdom, like
tho Sermon on tho Mount, wero de
signed to unfold tho truo principles In
the development of the Kingdom of
Heaven, of which Christ Is tho author
and finisher.' They constitute the
most beautiful and Impressive exam
ple of illustrative teaching anil are
models of the presentation of truth.
Whllo they are designed to conceal
the truth from Ills enemies, from
those who were wilful, prejudiced nnd
unbelieving, at tho same time they af
ford an lnccntlvo to tho earnest, sin
cere and serious seekers to search
more diligently nnd appreciate more
earnestly tho truth when discovered.
Hence the parables nre llko the kernel
In tho nut; the pearl In tho shell; the
gold In tho rock; the diamonds In tho
soil to be mined and extracted by dili
gent nnd faithful and loving labor.
The 13th chapter of the gospel by
Matthew gives us a seven-fold series,
containing a complete and beautiful
picture of the unfolding of His king
dom In the future history of the
church and tho world. There nre sev
en parables grouped together. ' Seven
pearls on a single thread. Four of
them were spoken to the people at
large; three of them only to the dls
clp'es. Notice the unity, natural t
dor, and completeness of these seven
parables. The series might be termed,
"Tho Itlso and Progress of the King
dom of Heaven."
We have in the parable of the Sow
er; its beginnings.
In the Tares; its counterfeits.
In the mustard seed; its vast out
In the leaven; Its universal trans
In the hid treasure and Pearl; Its
In the draw net, Its ultimate com
plete separation from all evil.
Its Rise and Progress.
Standing at this point in time and
reading history we can see how per
fectly accurate was the prophesy ol
the rise and progress of the klnguom
In these parabolic teachings of Christ.
He was the sower who went forth to
sow the seed of Christianity. The
seed was faithfully sown but it fell
on hard soil, on stony ground, on pre
occupied territory and much of it was
utterly lost; nevertheless! enough of
It took root to produce a harvest that
has been carried over the earth multi
plying year after year, thirty, sixty
and a hundred fold.
History also bears witness to the
crop of tares, counterfeit wheat, min
gled with tho wheat, the heresies f nd
corruptions, and counterfeit religions,
that have appeared all through the
ages, often bearing so much resem
blance to the true ns to bo Indistin
guishable by men, deceiving the very
elect: Satan's substitute for tte
Its Outward Growth.
The mustard seed with Its rapid and
luxuriant growth, springing up from
most unpromising beginnings to pro
duco an overshadowing tree, is an in
teresting figure of the rnpidlty with
which Christianity developed in the
first christian centuries until it has
indeed become a vast ecclesiastical
system overspreading the earth, giv
ing shade and shelter to millions of
Its Internal Development.
Tho leaven gives ms the Interior
view of things. Just as the mustard
seed shows tho outward development
of christiahlty, tho leaven revealed
how that spirit works inwardly among
men. Quietly, without observation or
noise, the transforming power of
truth Is steadily working its way
through all tho mass of mankind nnd
will not'eease Its efforts till tho whole
Is leavened. As It, operates In tho
the individual so It operates In the
Its Hidden Values.
Tho treagure and the pearl teach
tho same lesson. This Is the picture
of the Saviour of men discovering, tho
hidden and holy ones In the Held of
tho world, purchasing tbem with n
price that cost Him all Ho possessed,
and buying for Hlimself, not only the
treasures for His crown, hut the field
ltsolf In which they wero located,
"And they shall be. mlno, salth tho
Lord of Hosts, In thnt day when 1
make up my Jewols."
Its Final Separation.
Tho draw net, as would bo sup
posed, represents tho final separation
between tho two contrasted elements
in tho Kingdom of Heaven. Tho end
of tho ago, tho close of tho dlsponsa
tlon, is prefigured when tho division
shall be clearly established between
him that serveth God and him that
serveth Him not Men have nothing
to do with that, tho final separation
Is on the lino of character and is only
done under dlvlno supervision.
Such aro the apparent teachings ot
tho parables of the kingdom. They
aro pictures in which, It Is absolutely
necessary to get mo correct view
point Let us b careful that wo do
not try to put Into the cativas what
tho great artist never intended. Tho
ono truth sot forth In each scene
stands out clenr as noonday; lot us
beware that wo do not Beek to olovato
the shadowy outlines of tho painting
Into the foreground, and mako whe. Is
merely Incidental the overmastering
What a Kansas Man Alleges Hs Saw
Here Is an incident that a Chanuto
man tells na having occurred in n cer
tain Kansas town. He was In tho tick
et olHco and watched the proceedings.
A man camo up to tho window nnd
asked for a ticket to Kansas City, in
quiring tho price.
"Two twenty-five," said tho agent.
Tho man dug down Into a well-worn
pocketbook nnd fished out n bill. It
wns n bank-note for $2. It wns nlso
all the money he had.
"How soon does this train go?" ho
"In fifteen minutes," replied tho
The man hurried away. Soon he
wns back with three silver dollars,
with which he bought a ticket.
"Pardon my curiosity," said tho
ticket seller, "but how did you get
that money? It Isn't lonn, for I seo
you have disposed of the two-dollar
"That's all right," said tho man.
No, I didn't borrow. I went to a
pawnshop and soaked the bill for
$1.D0. Then as I started back here I
met an old acquaintance, to whom I
sold tho pawnticket for $1.50. I then
had $3 and he has the pawnticket for
which the two-dollar bill stands as se
curity." Still Time.
A long-haired man walking alng
tho street met a little boy, who asked
him the time.
"Ten minutes to nine," said tho
"Well," said the boy, "at nine
o'clock get your hair cut." And he
took to his heels and ran, the ag
grieved one after him.
Turning the corner, the man ran
Into a policeman, nenrly knocking him
"What's up?" said the policeman
The man, very much out of breath,
said: "You see that young urchin
running along there? He asked nie
the time, and I told him 'Ten min
utes to nine,' and he said, 'At nlno
o'clock get your hair cut.' "
"Well," said the policeman, "what
nre you running for? You've got
eight minutes yet
A Burned Child
Richard A. Balllnger, Secretary of
tho Interior, tells of his first law caso
which he had at Kankakee, 111. "I had
hung out my shingle n good while be
fore any client arrived," he said.
"Finally, one came. He was a weak,
meek being whom three determined
women had wedded in rapid succes
sion, and he was being tried for big
amy. As all of the wives appeared
against him we lost the case,
and he got a term of two years, but
this did not seem to worry him in
fact, he seemed anxious for more. Ho
Was taken to the penitentiary, and
Just before his term ended I' got a let
ter from him. 'Do you think,' the big
amist asked anxiously, 'it will be safe
for me to come out?' "
SOUNDS LIKE HAY.
Simpson Jones Just told me that
ho buyB his cigars by the box.
Sampson Don't you believe it, ho
buys them by the bale.
The Fishy Doctor and the Babel
Tho old physician Is an enthusiastic
angler In every sense of the terra.
Vblte on his way homo from a fishing
trip ho received an emergency call.
The proud newly made father was Im
patient to havo tho child weighed, but
couldn't find the steelyards; so tho
physician 'had to uso tho pocket
scal.es with which he weighed his fish.
"Great Scott, doctor!" exclaimed
the father as he saw tho pointer go up.
"Thirty-seven and a half pounds!"
Anything But That.
"You're n liar, and a thief, and a
"I can't think of anything else right
"Thanks. I was afraid you wero go
ing to say-1 was stupid."
It Had a Pull.
Tho norvos of tho victim In tho
chntr wero working ovortlrae.
"Excuse me, sir," said the alleged
tonsorlal ortlst, "but you'd hotter keep
still. Aren't you afraid I'll cut you?"
"N-not with that r-razor," gasped
the nervous victim.
He Was Not Missed.
Friend Now, ray dear woman,
don't you feol tho loss of a man about
tho houso? '
Widow Not with th.o kitchen stove
smoking tho way it does.
Butcher Will you tako a porter
bouse? Mrs. Nowwed No, nothing qulto bo
largo; give mo a porterflat
SIR CASPAR OLARKE. S
Illness Causes Resignation of Dl- J
reotor of Metropolitan Museum. )
New York, June 23. The rumors
nfloat of late that Sir Caspar Purdon
Clarke, whose ill health lias kept him
In England for moro than a year,
would resign the directorship' of the
Metropolitan Museum, of Art have
been confirmed by Lawyer Itobert W.
Do Forest who Is vice president and
secretary of the museum.
.1. Plerpout Morgan, president of the
museum, came to the June meeting of
the museum trustees shortly after ho
arrived from Europe on last Friday
and laid before tho board a letter of
resignation from Sir Purdon which
Mr. Morgan has received from him
Just before leaving London.
Tho board after discussing tho let
ter of resignation voted to accept it
When Dreums Came True.
An English magazine records two
dream storlfs. In one a lady, having
lost an important key while walking
In a wood near her house In Iceland,
dreamed that she saw It lying at the
root of a certain tree. Next day she
found It there. She supposed her eye
must hnve seeti It after It dropped,
though her conscious mind bad not In
stantly noted It.
Just the same was the theory of a
barrister who went out late at night
to post his letters aud upon undressing
missed u check for a large amount re
ceived during the day. He dreamed
he-saw it curled round an area railing
not fur from his door, woke up.
dressed, went out and found it esa:tly
as he had dreamed. The mind regis
ters at times what it does not instantly
Tho Kind You Havo Always
In uso for over 30 years,
J7- sonal supervision since its Infancy,
'tiww. Allnwnn nun trwlennlvn voilin this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and" Just-as-good" aro but;
Experiments that trillo -with nnd endanger tho health oC
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment
What is CASTORIA
Castorla Is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its ago is its guarantee. It destroys "Worms
and allays Fovcrishncss. It cures Diarrhoea and "Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
nnd Flatulency. It assimilates tho Food, regulates tho
Stomach nnd Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
Tho Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
The KM You Have Always Bought
In Use Foe Over 30 Years.
TMC CCMTAUR OOMMNY, TT UUMRAV BTNCCT NCW VORft CITT
8paln's Young King.
King Alphonso, to Jndgo from his
woak, narrow faco and the silly fall
of his lower Up as shown In all hla
pictures, Indicating an exnmplo ot
mild adenoid Idiocy, seems to bo ono
whoso brain has been arrested by en
larged tonsils and glands In tho back
part of the throat and head. Ho is
Just as little responsible for what Is
happening in Spain as nny young
show-off dude ono might pick up nny
where In upper Broadway. Cervnntcs
prefigured poor Don Quixote and San
cho Pnnza as the personification ot
Spain and her peoples; her nobles,
like the Don of high, silly, glrly-glrly
Ideals, but with utterly rotten Judg
ments; her common people, llko San
cho, of good sense nnd thrift, but mis
led by those higher up. Spain, like
the United States, has always danger
ously vibrated to outside Influences.
The klnematograph, or cinemato
graph, was Invented by Thomas A.
Edison, combining electricity with
photography, by means of which tho
movements of the actors in a sceno
at the theatre (accompanied by their
voices and music) are produced upon
a screen. The klnematograph wns do
scribed by Mr. Edison nt New York
in Mny, 1891. The klnetoscope wns
Invented by Mr. Edison for tho con
tinuous photography of objects In mo
tion. Tho first series of photographs
were of the strong mnn Sandow.
A Forspite Party.
Tho following has been received by
the Plain Speaker from Lattlmor:
"Please put this In the Plain speak
er paper their is a girl from Lattlmor
by the name ho held n forspito
Pardy last Saturday night again a yong
fellow who would not married her But
tho yong fellow married another girl
and so 6he held the Pardy so sho
would get a fellow to married her.
But she got stoung alost. don't for
get Please," Hazleton Plain Speaker.
Money and Happiness.
The late Charles Pratt said to Dr.
Cuyler some years ago: "The great
est humbug In the world is tho idea
that money can make a man happy.
I never had any satisfaction with
mine until I began to do good with it"
- The Watchman.
Standard Time In Peru.
Peru is the first of the South Ameri
can republics to adopt a world tlrao
standard. The 75th meridian west of
Greenwich has been chosen. This,
which is the basis of our Eastern
standard time, runs through the mid
dle of the republic only a few minutes
of longitude east of Lima. 'Hereafter
all timepieces In Peru will coincide
with those in the eastern United
States. There are said to be few coun
tries more favorably situated geo
graphically than Peru for tne use of a
Bought, and -which, has been
has borno tho signature of
has been matlo under his pcr-
KRAFT & CONGER
is i m a