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Tin: citizhx, AVKPNKsr.vi, jfXK in, 1010.
THE LIGHTS OF
. . THE ORIENT
American Schools lit Turkey and
Speclnl to The Citizen.
It lin8 been the glory of America
that our government was not in any
manner tied up as tho European
powers arc In dealing with the east
ern question. This fact has given
n free hnnd to Americans In tho ad
vancement of educational and mis
sionary enterprises, which hnvo been
more potent In the orient In forward
ing modern civilization and unread
Jng the principles of human liberty
than all the chancelleries of Europe
It Is a continual surprise to the
traveller In Turkey and Egypt to see
how rapidly the people are passing
from a state of mind which was con
tent with a government of absolute
Ism, unspeakably cruel and corrupt,
like that Abdul Hamld, toward
ideals of Individual liberty and per
sonal responsibility. It is not too
much to claim that the secret of this
change may be traced to tho schools
and colleges established for the most
part by our American missionaries.
There were other forces at work, of
course, but the mainspring of the
movement was here and the men who
are taking the lead in affairs to-day
were largely prepared In these
schools. Their ideals, so far as they
have yielded to their training, are
those of the Christian west.
Of mission work In Egypt and Tur
key It can be said that the various
Protestant churches have come to
substantial agreement not to dupli
cate each other's work in the same
section. In Egypt the American
United Presbyterians are doing a
great work. Their field extenus from
the Nile Delta to the Soudan, where
it connects with the British enter
prises. It is as varied as the needs
of the people, but has been particu
larly successful in the establishment
of schools and colleges. The work
is done by 730 missionaries, 'pastors,
teachers and missionaries, native and
foreign, the natives contributing
about $175,000 per year. You can
not visit these schools and stations,
as we did, without being impressed
by the fact that they nave set the
people to work for themselves. Cairo
has her new Woman's College, which
Mr. Roosevelt honored at its opening.
At Assuit is the college for men, its
new buildings already taxed to the
utmost by more than 600 students.
This is a place where they do things.
Here also is the training school for
young men and the Pressly institute,
a boarding school for girls, as well
as a hospital where 15,000 cases were
treated last year. Whatever the
reader may think about missions in
the abstract, such a monumental
work as this constitutes a social
force that must bo reckoned with.
We are so used to doing "big"
things in America that we forget that
there are other places where they
can carry on larger enterprises. It
might surprise some of our booksel
lers to know that the publication
house whose output reaches the larg
est number of people who can under
stand one language Is located at
Beirut, Syria. The Arabic tongue in
its spoken and written form is the
religious language of one-eighth of
the human race. For this vast mul
titude the great printing plant is lo
cated in this city. Hero the Ameri
can Mission Press carries on a nour
ishing business. Most Americans
never heard of the enterprise, yet the
Press has almost an even seven hun
dred publications on its catalogue.
Last year they put out 200,000 pieces
of literature. Nearly fifty million
pages left the press and before an
other year has ended the output
from the small beginning of fifty-four
years ago will have totalled one bil
lion. Sixty thousand copies of tho
Bible or parts thereof were printed
last year, most of which went to
For years It has been part of my
work to visit hospitals and within
recent months I have spent several
weeks within their walls. I know
what I am saying when I declare that
tho most sanitary and up-to-date
hospital I have ever seen is that on
the Presbyterian grounds at Beirut.
Floors, beds, furnishings, absolutely
spotless, and they were not looking
for us either. Furthermore, I have
never seen in my life more loyalty
and devotion on the part of nurses
for their chief or pupils for their
teacher than I found In tho students
and alumni of the medical college
for Dr. C. A. Webster, wnose clinic
1 attended. I left him without the
privilege of grasping his hand, for
he was in the midst of n critical
operation for cataract in tho eyo and
ear hospital, surrounded by his pu
pils. Away off in one of tho villages
of Samaria a Syrian physician told
mo with trembling Hps that ho had
been led to devote his life to Chris
tian service by what ho had seen in
the operating room of tho life and
spirit of this disciple of the Great
At Beirut also 1b the largest Amer
ican institution of learning outside of
the United States, tho Syrian Protes
tant College, Incorporated under tho
laws of the state of Now York. It 1b
not legally n part of tho mission nor
governed by it, although of course
It has always worked in complete
harmony therewith. Dr. Howard
Bliss, Its President, 1b a man of the
rarest spirit and ability, who might
reach any eminence In tho education
al or diplomatic world. But bis In
ilucnco has been and Is far wider hero
in this land that Is just beginning to
reallzo tho meaning of human free-'
(lom and responsibility than It could I
bo elsewhere. May ho bo spared ns 1
long in the work ns his honored
father nna predecessor, Dr. Daniel
Bliss, now 87 years old. The Collego
has S70 pupils, medical and phar
maceutical, collegiate nnd prepara
tory, and a fine lot of fellows they
nre, picked out from tho high-schools
maintained by the mission in tho ;
Lebanon district and from other parts
of tho east, representing almost
Of course wo went to Robert Col
lego In Constantinople nnd also to
the Girls' College in Scutari ncross
tho Bosphorus, the Harvard and
Wellesley of the orient. This Is not
the place to tell the story of Robert
College, tho pioneer of nil tho In
stitutions of higher learning in tho
orient, with a history going back to
the days of tho Crimean war. It is
an Inspiring moment when you stanu
upon the deck of the little Bosphorus
steamer and look at the stately build
ings, Hanked by the old towers of
Mahomet the Conqueror, the best
of all monuments to tho wisdom and
devotion of one determined Yankee
missionary, Cyrus Hamlin. In ad
dition to the gifts of Its founder, Mr.
Christopher Robert, the Now York
merchant, this college has received
many generous gifts from Ameri
cans. The recent bequest of Mr.
John II. Kennedy of more than a mil
lion dollars, will greatly increase its
ability to meet new work for the new
times. Perhaps nothing could better
show the position which this college
has como to occupy than the fact
that the nephew of tho new Sultan,
shortly after the establishment-of the
new order last fall, entered tne col
lege as a student. Forty-live years
ago the Grand Vizier in a moment
of petulence said, "Will this Dr.
Hamlin never die and let me alone
about that everlasting College of
his?" That remark, if Dr. Hamlin,
had been a Turk, would have been
the cause of his death; the College,
more than any other single Influence
at work In Turkey, was the cause
of the death of tho old regime.
At Smyrna we visited the Inter
national College, with 330 students,
incorporated in Mass. only seven
years ago, which has been built up
from a primary school in eighteen
years, with almost no help from
American money, having a property
and equipment worth ?60,000, by a
few self-sacrificing men who have
poured out their lives in the effort.
This College gives a splendid en
gineering and machanical course, so
much needed In Turkey .It also gives '
its students classical training in Eng- j
lish, French, Greek, Armenian and
Arabic. Somebody should give to I
President McLachlan n million dol-,
lars to carry on a work which is '
The College at Smyrna is the child '
of tho American Congregational
church but It Is only one of the chil
dren. In the interior of Asia Minor ;
there are large colleges which the ,
ordinary traveller never sees at Ain
tab, Aratolia, Marsovan, Harpoot,
Adana, Tarsus and Marash. '
The Congregationallsts have In
round numbers 200 missionaries at
wcrl; in Turkey. Some of the re
sults of their work will appear from '
the figures of two stations. Cesarea '
has thirty Sunday schools with 3.2G3 j
pupils, forty-two boarding and day:
schools with 1,930 pupils, one hospi
tal with 342 Inmate3 beside 8, ISO 1
outside treatments. Marash has a
theological seminary with twelve pu- j
pils, girls' college with ninety-five
pupils, two boarding and High
schools with one hundred and nlue-
ty three boys, 3S other schools with i
813 boys and 8C3 girls and 30 Sun-1
day schools with 3,502 members. j
There are 13 other stations like these .
and in only two does tho number of
scholars under Instruction in the day
schools fall below 1,000. In the whole
district there are 25,000 pupils en
rolled and in the Sunday schools 32,
000. Surely these workers are mak
But there is not one of these
schools where they could not have
more scholars who would gladly pay
the tuition fees if thero was room.
Slnco the Constitution multitudes of
Turks have applied that could not be
received after the mission had waited
for them all these years. One school
wns reported to bo so full that the
children wero oozing through tho
cracks In the building. America has
kindled these lights of Asia; ought
we not to feed tho flame adequately,
lest it dio out?
VMi Cannot Hear.
Much controversy "-as taken placo
on the question of sense of hearing
In fish, and many experiments have
been tried with a view to settling It.
Homo of tho latest of thoso aro thoso
of which M. Marage havo given an
account In tho Paris Comtes Rendus.
Tho fish ho experimented with wero
carp, tonch, pike, eel and others, and
tho author finds no evidence of a
sen so of hearing. Bounds) were
transmitted into tho water close to
the Ash with an onergy capable of
affecting deaf mutes. No offoct was
produced on the fish. Forest and
AlwayB present a man to n lady.
Always ask pormis&ion of tho lady
If you havo tlmo; If not uso the form,
"Mrs. Blank, my I present Mr.
AlwayB Introduce a youngor wom
an to an older ono.
Always present a young girl to a
distinguished older man.
In introducing two girls or la
dloa of equal ago and station, It is
Informal to nay, "Miss Blank, do
you know MIbs Dash,?''
FROM THE CAPITAL
Dy CARL SChWieLD, Washington Cor
respondent, Congress will reapportion the mem
bership of the house of representatives
according to tho now census, nnd the
legislatures of the several states will
npply tho result of thnt reapportion
ment by redisricting their states. Un
der tho American system of politics
tho minority party has no rights which
tho majority Is bound to
About a century ago In fact, on tho
heels of tho reapportionment under ,
the census of 1810 tho Republican!
legislature of Massachusetts, under'
the domination of Governor Elbridge
Gerry, redistributed the districts so
that tho Federalists could not elect!
members of congress. In order to ob- (
tnln a Republican majority one dls-'
trlct was mado the peculiar outline of
which presented a somewhat dragon I
like contour. ,
Origin of Gerrymander.
A map having this district strongly i
outlined hung over the desk of Ben-
Jnraln Russell, an ardent Federalist
partisan editor. Gilbert Stuart, the
celebrated painter, whoso portrait of
Washington has become the accepted
likeness of tho Father of His Country,
rnnie Into Russell's office one dny, took
his pencil and added wings and claws
to tho dragon on the map. He then
ald, "How will that do for a sala
mander?" "Better say gerrymander,"
growled Russell. And thus was coin
ed the word "gerrymander" to desig
nate a practice which from the begin
ning of our political history usually
has controlled the political party des
tinies of the country.
House to Be Larger.
It is Improbable that the Influential
eastern states will consent to a rela
tive loss in representation In order that
WVO U1UJ UUb UU UtUtUOVU UIV.UUSL' Ul 1
growth In population. Tho probablll
ties are that from thirty to seventy
new members will be added to the (
bouse. If the present apportionment
ratio of 1J1,782 should bo maintained!
there will be sixty-six additional mem-1
bers in the houso and thirty-four leg
islatures will be called upon to redls-1
trlct their states to provide for the
election of the additional members. j
If the Democrats should succeed in '
gaining control of the house of repre-1
sentatlres In tho coming election the
reapportionment undoubtedly will be
made by the present congress during
Its last session, which will begin next
December, after its successor has been
chosen. If the Republicans win In
November the work of reapportion
ment may be postponed to the Sixty
second congress on account of the
chaotic conditions now prevailing in '
the house. !
Tho Troasury Employees.
The treasury department has arrang
ed to give thirty days' leave of absence
to all employees who will be affected
by the economics and improvements
in business methods which will take
effect July 1. In all nearly 200 employ-
ees were affected. During the last six
months ns vacancies have occurred in
the treasury or In other departments i
transfers of competent persons have
been effected so far as possible. There
remain nbout thirty-five employees for
whom no provision has been made,
and the leave of absence Is given them
in order that they may have every pos
sible opportunity to find work them
selves. After July 1 efficient employ
ees who remain unprovided for will be
given preference in tho matter of re
instatement ns vacancies occur.
Million For Cathedral.
A fund which, it is believed, will
amount to about $1, 000,000 for the
maintenance of tho Protestant Episco
pal cathedral now being built in tho
District of Columbia Is established by 1
the will of the late John A. Kasson of ,
this city. It is to bo known as tho
Kassou cathedral endowment fund.
The principal of the fund is not to be
touched, and any unexpended balance
of tho income Is to be added to the
principal and reinvested
company which is named us executor
is directed to give the bishop of Wash
iugton at all times full Information as
to tho condition of the estate and Its
A Popular Capital.
Residents of the national capital be
llevo thnt Washington Is potentially
tho convention cnpltal of tho western
hemisphere, and if the plnns of tho en-
terprislng men of Washington do not
go awry Washington will bo tho pre -
mler convention city in fact. Tho cap -
Ital has already como to high rank aa
a convention city, not by reason of nny
system of campaign for attracting con-
ventlons here, but simply becauso of
its natural merit and its magnetism
for tho countless organized bodies In
tho United States. Ita natural ad van -
tages, augmented by additional meet -
lng nnd entertainment facilities and
supplemented by aggresslvo human en
deavor, tend to mako Washington tho
Tho only weak link in Washington's
claim to title as the great convention
city Is the lack of a monster audita
rlum. Thl3 dofect may Boon be reme
died and tho deficiency supplied by the
George Washington Memorial associa
tion, an association national In aeopo
nnd resolutely supported by influential
Interests In tho District of Columbia.
This enterprise comprehends a magnifi
cent memorial to tho greatest Ameri
can, a rallying plnco for America's
many patriotic societies and a building
am. auditorium commensurate with
tho needs of Washington as a conven
NORWAY WATCH DOY3.
Told the Farmers of the Approach of
Schools of Flh.
It Is common onough to seo a boy
watching cattlo to keep them from
Btriylng, and In days not so very long
1 gine by It was no unusual thing for a
bo, to bo set to keep tho birds off tho
cu;.s; but a watchboy whose duty It
it to keep a lookout for a school of
f h and who Bits In a sentry box sets
ur-on stilts la not an oreryday sight.
This particular kind of watchboy is
' Nirwcgian, tho scene of his labors
i (mint? Hip nhnrnn nf nnmo fiord nf his
Ills little sentry box Is made of
wood and perched high upon posts.
Here the lad sits, gazing out across
tho nrtn of the sea, using his keen
eyes for tho bonofit of tho farmers who
nro depending upon him to give the
alarm when a school of fish shall ap
pear. They work contentedly enough
in their fields secure In their bolief
that their watchboy will let them
know when It Is time to reap a har
vest from the sea Instead of from the
When the signal Is given they leavo
their work, throw tholr big nots over
tholr shoulders and hurry off to their
Sentinel boxes similar to those em
ployed in Norway were in use among
tho fishermen on the shores of tho
Mediterranean, and it Is supposed that
the vikings Drought back with them
from Borne of their piratical raids the
Idea that has been put In practice
Teaching Sailors to Swim.
Rear Admiral Schroeder, while
training the men In his fleet down In
Guantannmo bay, has discovered that
Eomo 2,500 of them don't know how
to swim, and he reports to Washing
ton that he has taken measures to
remedy this defect in their nautical
It seems rather remarkable that
sailors, with large amounts of water
rt 1 tti n nrr nn lonf lr TMnr esVlMtl A 1 n fr
boss of which a sailor is at any mo
ment likely to be in more or less des
perate need. It Is a fact, however,
that seamen, as a class, swim far to
soek, for, when one comes to think
about it, a ship In motion is about the
worst thing in the world from which
to go in swimming, and the sailor's
opportunities for taking to tho water,
except by an acoldent, which, with
good reason, he avoids as long as he
can, are much less numerous than
thoso of the man ashore. Out at sea
there is none nt all, and while In port
the sailor Is otherwlso occupied
chiefly in spending hard-earned
Shooting at Storms.
Another popular belief has been
rudely shaken as the result of a scien
tific Investigation. There has not been
much heard of lata about producing
rain by tho discharge of explosives,
but tho belief in tho efficacy of can
non in breaking up hailstorms has
been more persistent In tho vine
growing regions of France and Italy
tho Injury done by hailstorms is a
very serious matter, and the firing of
a cannon has como Into quite general
use as a means of prevention. But
now comes from United States Consul
Sharp, of Lyons, a series of articles
giving the conclusions arrived at by
tho French department of commis
sions of meteorology showing its dis
belief in tho efficacy of tho practice.
It does not find that the firing of can
non is at all beneficial for the pur
pose of dispersing hailstorms.
How It Was.
Against an old Georgia negro,
charged with stealing a pig, the evi
dence was absolutely conclusive, and
tho Judgo, who know the old darky
well, said reproachfully:
"Now, uncle, why did you steal that
"Boknso mah pooh family wuz
starvin', yo' honor," whimpered tho
"Family starving!" cried tho Judge.
"But they told mo you keep five dogs.
How Is thnt, uncle?"
"Why, yo' honor," said uncle, re-
1 Pvingly "yu wouldn't 'spect mah
It Is not worth tho while to lot our
Imperfections disturb us always. Tho
conscience really does not, and ought
; Uv08i any more tnnn tho neart or tho
neftd It la as Uable t0 disease as
any othor j have Bcen Bome
, whoae con8ciencefl, owing undoubtedly
, t0 former indulgence, had grown to
, tta stable as spoilt children, aud
at iongtn gftvo u,enl no peace. They
i dld not know wnen to gwallow their
cud Bnd ther Uvo8i of COUrso yielded
j no miik. Thoreau.
' Tho Enellsh soverelcn welKhs 123.-
j 5574 grains, .916 fine, and, consequent
ly It contains 113,001 grains of line
gold. The shilling weighs 87.27 grains,
.936 fine, and thus contains 80,727
grains of One silver. Bronzo coins
consist of a mixture of copper, tin
and zinc. T1m penny weighs 145.83
! grains. The standard of value Is gold.
Silver is legal tend or up to 40 shil
lings, bronze up to 12 pence, but
farthings only up to six pence. Bank
of England notes aro not logal tender.
8pread of the Movement.
Mrs. Kawler The last time I saw
you, I think, you wore attending a
cooking school to learn how to make
vegetable dlihea taste like meat.
Mrs, Crosawny Yes, but the feel
ing against the trust Is bo strong now
that we are learning to make vegeta
ble dishes taste utterly unlike meat.
CniMINAIiS HAVE 1UQ EARS.
Prof. Ulnti Also Finds Extra Develop
ment In tlio Kara of Lunntics.
Beforo the congress of the Ger
man anthropologists at Gorlltz, Prof.
Ulau, a well known authority on the
diseases of the ear, read a paper on
tho formation of tho ears of crimi
nals and lunatics. Prof. Blau has
takon accurate measurement of 1,-
0C1 ears, ot which 255 belonged to
lunatics and 343 to male criminals,
Tho professor concludes that in a
vast majority of cases tho various
parts of tho external ear are larger
In tho case of lunatics and criminals
than In normal persons. This is es
pecially noticeable in the helix or
outer border of tho ear, nnd also In
the lobe. According to Prof. Blau
tho largor tho he:ix Is tho lower is tho
Btato of mental development. Tho
hearing faculty, on tho other hand,
is keener. Prof, Blnu illustrates his
theory with a reference to the auri
cles of apes, which all possess an ex
tended outer border. ProT, Blau re
marks that abnormal development of
tho outer border Is more notlceablo
among criminals charged with sexual
crimes than among other classes of
News reaches us from a private
source of the wondefrul and satisfac
tory effect tho Highlanders are hav
ing on the Zohka Khels. No sooner
do tho wild tribesmen catoh sight of
tho skirted warriors then with a cry
of "Look out hero comes tho Suf
fragettes!" they disappear as if by
Game In Germany.
Germany Is a country of Nlmrods.
There are, we learn, 000,000 sports
men, which means one gun for every
handred pooplo. Each year fall to the
gun, on an average, 400,000 hares. 4.
000,000 partridgoe. 2,000,000 thrushe3,
500,000 rabbits, 190,000 deer, 145,000
woodcocks, 40,000 wild ducks, 25,000
pheasants, 22,500 deer, 15,000 quails,
13 500 bucks, 1.400 wild boards and 1.-
300 bustards. In weight this "bag" rep
resents 25,000,000 kilogrammes, a kilo
gramme being 2 1-5 pounds. The
monetary value Is 32,000,000 francs, or
1,240,000. The sum received for
licenses to shoot la 7,500,000 francs, or
$1,600,000. London Globe.
Marks of Indian days may be found
undor many old oak trees in southern
California, particularly In the moun
tain districts. It is not uncommon to
discover a largo stone or boulder with
one flat side showing a little above the
surface of the ground and with a hole
as large as a quart saucepan In the
center. In such holes the squaws
crushed tho acorns which were there
by ground into meal for food for the
Pen and Paper.
"Paper," whether of rags or of
wood pulp, still takes its name from
the papyrus. A "book" is the beoch,
tho wooden rod on which our fore
fathers cut their runic letters. And a
"pencil" Is still by derivation "penocll
lus," a little tall, having boen original
ly the name of the Roman painter's
brush. London Chronicle.
A Pleasing Custom.
It Is a pleasing custom in the
French Senate to have the oldest
member preside nt tho opening of
the annual session. The Senator
now entltlod to that honor Is M. Pbr
riquet ninety-two years old and par
aylzed. He was recently equal to
tho occasion, for he had himself car
ried In a chair to the Senate and to
the platform, where he presided ac
ceptably. D. & H. CO. TIHE rABLE
.... Albany ....
B 03 .
, Philadelphia .
.. Luke Ix)iloro ...
.. . Way mart
.. .. l'ronipton
P.M. P.M. A.M. Ar
The Era of New Mixed Paints !
This year opoiu with a delugo of now mixed paints. A con
dition brought about by our enterprising dealers to get some kind
of a mixed paint that would supplant CHILTON'S MIXED
PAINTS. Thoir compounds, being now and heavily advertised,
may find a sale with tlio unwary.
THIS ONIjY I'liAOIJ IN HON'ESDAM:
' AUTHOltlZKI) TO HANDLE
Is JADWIN'S PHARMACY.
There aro reasons for tho pro-minenco of CHILTON PAINTS
1st No ono can mix a bettor mixed paint.
2d Tho painters deolaro that it works easily and has won
derful covering qualities.
3d Chilton stands back of it, aud will agree to repaint, at his
owu oxpense.ovory surface painted with Chilton Paiut that
Jtli Thoso who havo used
:ommonu its use to
Among immigrants the process or
Amoricanlzntton Is extraordinarily
Bwlft. When ;ho late Prof, Hoycsen
went to Minnesota he wna surprised
to Ilnd that his fellow Scandinavians
proforrcd to speak English to him,
and It was explained thnt the uae ot
tholr native tongue would reveal
their peasant origin, and thus testi
fy to ttolr social Inferiority to a gen
tleman who has boen graduated from
the university of Upsala whoreas tho
uso of English lifted them all to the
lorty tableland of American clt.zon-sblp.
Babies nnd Cocoa.
A Paris physician. Dr. Varot. read
a paper beforo tho Hospitals Medi
cal Society the other day. In whii-h
ho said that a certain number of
children hnd come under his notice
who had been fed regularly on cocoa
since they had bcen weaned. The
children liked this diet nnd in many
cases refused any othor form of nour
ishment. Howover, thoy soon began
to Buffer from constipation and anae
mia; they wore puffy, pale, did not
gain In weight and became nervous
Russia Is the one country that has
made fewest changes in Its stumps.
In nearly fifty years Russia has
brought out only eight distinctive de
slg'ns. The most extravagant in the
production of new designs are the
Central American republics. For
example, Halvadore with a population
of 826.000 and an area smaller than
that of New Jersey, Issued a new and
distinctive series of pesatge stamps
each year between 1890 and 1900.
Attention is called to tne STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
City has published a ROLL Or
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In this list the WAYNE
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stands 38th in the United States
Stands 10th in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wayne County.
Capital, Surplus, $455,000.00
Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00
Honesdale. Pa.. May 29, 190S.
- - - HONESDALE BRANCH
10 50J .
8 43 .
7 311 7 32,
,V . M
4 03 7 IS
3 15 ti 20
1 331 10 03
Lv A.M. P.M. P.M.
.. A.M. P.M.
CHILTON'S MIXED PAINTS
it aro perfectly satisfied with it,
I A. O. BLAKE, 1
AUCTIONEER & CATTLE DEALER!
YoimvHI innke money w
nKLLi-no.NF.9-u Bethany, Pa. 1