Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZHN, FIIIDAY, Jl'NH 1010.
.ssx$3xK among the houyhnhnms
IP Jncob M. Dickinson desires more
fnmo tlmu his olllco of secretary
of war brings htm tie enn try
one of Weston's fents. for his
chief delight Is n walk such as would
put most men under the doctor's enre.
The war minister of the Taft admin
istration Is the champion pedestrian
of tho cabinet. The government fur
nishes htm with a smart carriage and
n pair of thoroughbred horses, and
soino of his subordinates are enabled
to take numerous joy rides In govern
ment owned automobiles.
Automobile or carriage rides bring
no enjoyment to Secretary Dickinson.
His big framo never darkens tho door
of a street car. When ho wnnta to go
anywhere he walks, except perhaps In
the evening when he attends n formal
reception. Kach morning Mr. Dickin
son may be seen walking down Con
necticut avenue In the direction of the
war department with n stride which
would give joy to tho heart of Colonel
ItoosevelL lie takes his constitutional
at an hour. too. which would tndlcato
that It Is not safe for his subordinates
to get on to their jobs after 0 o'clock.
Mr. Dickinson evidently does not be
lieve in enjoying tho luxuries which
Roosevelt Uso Does the Obvious In
Luncheon ow. , the Inspection of
tun Govevn.ncm i i.'m.bc-gt u. I doubt
whethor anwl.e.i ..eu of ht.e In Eu
rope one could see such be.iutlful
Aiab thoroughbieds as the plume
tailed, full eyed nlalllosis which were
led out. prancing. nort.ng and quiver
ing, beforo Mr. lloosewlt In tho sun
ny, sand floored codrt. The ex-Presl-dont
caressed the ningnltteent crea
tures and gave eucli us reward ot
sugar. Then he went tr-rough tho
stables. Each Is n huge loose box,
round tho sides ot which a hundred
brood marcs stood tethered, while
foals frolicked In the open space In
the middle on the sweet smelling
In one stable by the side of a white
half blood Arab mare Jtood a tiny bay
filly born early this very morning. The
fitting thing to do was obvious. The
ex-Presldcnt bestowed upon It the
name "Roosevelt." Tho visit ended
with a rounding up of tho herds of
stately white wide horned cattle and
flocks of a large breed of sheep Lon
don Daily Mall.
THE WESTON OP THE CABINET.
are dear to the hearts of many states
men In Washington. For instance, he
has no use for a valet. As ho walked
down to the war department recently
n friend noticed that a piece of paper
was fastened to bis chin, indicating
plainly that a razor had slipped.
"You ought to teach your man to be
more careful when ho shaves you In
the morning." the secretary's friend
"I agree with you," auswered the
secretary. "When that razor slipped
this morning I reproached myself vig
orously, and I do not believe I will
The scribes dearly love to write up
the career of Representative James A.
Tawney. chairman of the house com
mittee on appropriations, it furnishing
such attractive headlines us "From
Blacksmith to Congressman." "From
the Forge to Congress," etc. Mr. Taw
ney Is one of tho most prominent mem
bers of the house and has literally
fought Ids way from the bottom to tho
top of the political ladder. When he
was fifteen years old he had to quit
school to become an apprentice In his
father's blacksmith shop.
Later ho learned the trade of ma
chinist, and he followed the trades of
EAIII.T DAYS OF TAWNEY.
blacksmith and machinist until 18S1
At that time Tawney decided that he
would abandon the forge to take up
tho study of law at the earliest possi
ble opportunity. After working in a
blacksmith shop all day he would
Btudy law until late at night.
He kept this up two years and then
entered the law school of the Univer
sity of Wisconsin. Ho practically
abandoned the practice of law in 1890
to enter politics, he being elected to tho
Minnesota legislature in that yenr.
Domesticating the Elephant.
It was long a dispute! quurlon
whether the African elc'linn. was
amenable to domestication. Tluwe
who held the afiirmativ? re.'orr.- to
the experience of the I'aitiiai i am
with these animals, and rec ! d u
elephants that formed a part of Han
nibal's army on his march i-iwaul
Rome. At present elephant.? are being
trained for domestic labors in the
Congo, in tho German African col
onies, in Uganda and elsewhere. In
the Congo especially it is reported
that the training of elephants Is rapid
ly developing into a recognized indus
try. A French society has le.entiy
been formed under the name of
"Friends of the Elephant." the obje-t
of which is to prevent the destruction
of those animals in Africa, and to en
courage their domestic.' tioa.
The Great Haetsrn.
The dimensions ot the one-li ve
world-famous Great Eastern were ns
follows: Length. C92 foot; width, t"
feet; depth. CO feet: tonnage. 21 UU
tons; draught, when unloaded. 20 feet
when loaded, 30 feet. She Had peuu.e
wheels 5G feet in diameter, and vas
also provided with a four-bVided screw
propeller of 24 feet diameter, bne
had accommodations for 800 flrs.-c'.tui;.
2,000 second class, and l.OO third
class passengers, 4.000 In all. I'e.
spoed was about 1S miles an hour.
The Great Eastorn was finally broken
up for old iron in the year 1SS0, nf-.er
a checkered career of some thirty-one
Among the most singular archeo
logical remains found in Great Uriuln
are tho ancient "dew ponds." the eon- j
struction of which is ascribed to peo- j
pie of the Neolithic age. Tho pur:-o-?
of these ponds wns to furnish drm--lng
water ror cattle. An cx; o., d
position, where sprins wore ab.-- u.
was selected and a broid, hoi'.o.t!'J
surface was formed, and co -- hI
with straw, or some other non o i'---ing
material. Above was spread a
thick layer of clay strewn with sio u.s
During the night the cold surface n'
the clay caused an abundance of uiol -turo
to condenso from tho lower hi; -ers
of the air. So-ne of these ancit.i.
dew ponds are still in working ordu.-.
The Prjetorlnn Guard.
The Praetorian Guard vas a select
body of troops Instituted by the Em
peror Augustus to protect his pert.cn
and consisted of ten cohorts, ec'.t o'
ono thousand men, chosen from Italy
They had peculiar privileges, aud
when they had served sixteen yo:tr
were retired on a pension of about
$500. Each member of the Guard had
the rank of a captain in the regu'a
army. Like tho bodyguard of Louis
the Fourteenth, they were all gentle
men, and formed gradually a gre-u
power, like tho Janizaries at Con
stantinople, and frequently deposed or
elevated the very Emperors themselves.
( CHAMP CLARK. ,
C Democratlo Leader In Home b 1
Wanatoe 8peaker. i
Tried It on the Dogs.
Rpmarkablc effects were produced
by tho now shells In the gunnery ex
periments carried out against the dis
carded French battleship Jena. Dogs
were placed upon tho ship in order to
discover whether they would be suffo
cated or injured by tho shells fired at
that old hulk when the dogs wcro at
some distnuco from tho point of Intact.
Tho nnlmals wcro placed In n part of
the vessel which could not be reached
by tho shells.
It wns found that the explosives did
not kill tho' nnlmals by suffocation or
poisoning. But tho dogs' nervous sys
tems suffered severely under tho re
peated action of tho shells and the re
sulting concussions. Tho Investigators
believed tt proved that In tho next na
val war the olHeors and crows would
rapidly become neurasthenic.
Two dogs after being subjected to
the experiment beenmo somber and
timid, hiding themselves when called.
Finally they committed suicide by
Jumping Into the sen and allowing
themselves to sink without mnklng
! any attempt to swim.
Tho government profits slightly by
tho destruction of stamps which have
' been paid for, and tho treasury gets
the benefit of bills which are lost aud
A larger sourco of Irregular profit
, lies In tho failure of bondholders to
1 present their bonds for redemption.
Unclaimed money In the treasury duo
to bondholders amounted to nearly $1.
000,000 In 1SG1, and tho sum Is much
greater now. Of a loan which fell duo
1 In 1000 a sum In excess of $32,000 re
1 mnlus unclaimed. Over $100,000 is still
I unpaid of the f per cent bonds which
i were duo In 100 1. In 1007 over $100,-
000,000 thirty yenr 4 per cent bonds
came duo on July 1. Special lnduco-
Washlngton, May 31. "I would rath
er bo speaker for two years than Unit
ed Stntes senator for eighteen years,"
said Representative Champ Clark of
Missouri, the Democratic leader of the
Ikiiik( "Of onnrsn there Is nothing
certain but rtenth nnrt taxes, but the ! nients were offered to secure early re-
... .... ... I ilnmndnn vnt r f tlin mill rtt flint mrtntll
ULlU;ilUll( , Lb Ilk lltl ,aia v a. imm " v u
$13,000,000 still stood In tho treasury
on that account, although interest had
ceased. Harper's Weekly.
Democrats will control the next house
ns sure as you nre living, and I think
I hnve a good show for tho speaker
ship." In tills way Mr. Clark disposed ot
the report that he would be a candi
date for the senate to succeed Warner, i
Republican. Continuing, Mr. Clark
"Mr. Cannon will be tho Republican .
I nominee for speaker next time. It's
I too early yet to predict tho majorities.
The greatest majority the Democrats
have ever had in tho house wns 148 in
The German Tip.
Germany is the land of tipping. The
tip may not bo large, but a tip of some
sort Is universally expected, aud the
wise traveler will nccommodato him
self to the habits of tho country by
tipping little and often. That the tip
ping system Is orgallzed is shown by
an Incident at Hamburg recently.
There is n regular scalo of charges
hove had w,,s 114 In tho Fifty-ninth ! stutIou, J
congress, when Roosevelt was elected
Mr. Clark has accepted nn Invltn
tlon to deliver the oration of the day
at the Fourth of July Tammany Hall
celebration In New York. He will dis
cuss Democracy In Its relation to pres
ent day Issues nnd go Into the political
STIRRED BY L0RIMER CASE.
travelers baggage from tho train to
tho cab or automobile, as tho case
may bo. If the traveler gives more
than tho scnle the porter is bound to
hnnd the extra tip over to a common
fund. It has been found, however, that
in busy times tho porter's attention Is
too much occupied with his work to
allow of his complying with the regu
lation, nnd tho result has been that the
company lately dismissed a dozen por
terR for "dishonesty."
Deep Water North of Alaska."
Tho chief objert of tho nrctlc ex
pedition of Captain Mli.eiaeu, who
recently rotutned to Coponhagen, was
to settle the quent'.on whether thero Is
land or a deep boa to the north of
Alaska. In March of last year Cap
tain Mlkolsen, Mr. Lcffllngwull and
tho mate made n sledgo expedition
ovor tho Ice. Fifty miles from tho
coast they found crovices, through
which they sounded to a depth of 2,
640 feet without reaching bottom. Six
ty miles farthor on the result was ho
same. Turning then toward tho
southeast, thoy found the edge of the
continental shelf. Tho conclusion Is
that dcop water exists north of Alas
ka, at least to a great distance.
Gases In Sewers.
City peoplo who are occasionally
startled by seeing a manhole co"cr
blown from the pavomont generu'ly
nscrlbe tho blame to leaking gas
mains. Rut there aro probably many
other sources from which dangerous
gases find their way into seworB, and
ono of these Is Indicated by nn In
vestigation recently reported to the
American Chemical Society by Prof.
A. A. Rreneman. Ho showed that
the entrance of a mixture of gasol ne
and soap into drains and sewers from
garages, factories, and other placeo
whore such materials aro employed for
washing, is sufficient to account for
the liberation of much combustible
vapor, which may play a part in sewer
' British Hunting Hounds.
Thero are In England 12 packs of
stag hounds, containing 295 couples;
four packs in Ireland, containing 100
couples. The largest pack is the
Queen's, 40 couples; master, the earl
of Coventry, kennels at Ascot Heath.
Of fox hound packs there are 155 In
Eugland nnd Wales, containing 6,239
couples; in Scotland, nine packs, with
326 couples, and In Ireland, 117 packs,
with 635 couples. There are also 124
packs of harriers and beagles in Eng
land and Wales, with 1,997 couples;
40 packs In Ireland, with 512 couples,
and six nacks in Scotland, with 116
couules. Thus more than ju.uuu
hounds are maintained exclusively for
hunting in the United Kingdom.
The dulcitone of Thomas Machcll
of Glasgow has the keyboard of a
piano, but the key hammers produce
sound by striking steel forks like
shankless tuning forks Instead of
wires. A semicircular steel spring
carries the vibrations from each fork
to the sounding board. The tuno is
softer than that of the piano, but it
has great clearness and carrying pow
er nnd is adapted for solo playing as
well as for accompanying other instru
ments or the voice. Importnnt ad
vantages are the lack of necessity of
tuning and the portability. A dulcl
tone of five octaves weighs but forty
flvo pounds, but a piano of the same
range has a weight of 250 pounds or
Ono of the objections urged against
turbine-engines has been their Inabil
ity to run backward as well as for
ward. John Ogg of Aberdeen has In
vented a form of turbine which avoids
this dlfllculty. Tho stoam enters the
mnchlne through n ho:1ow axis, and
thenco acts upon the wlngr, of tho to
taling disks mounted upon tho ax.
When it Is desired tn revorsc the mo
tion, a new sot of disks, having their
wings sot at a rovorse angle, arj
brought Into play, and by moans o?
grooved valves the steam la projc M
against them, thu3 producing a back
ward motion. Tho rovorsnl of moi.on
can bo produced Instantaneously.
Status of the Atomic Thaory.
Tho suggestion has been umdu tan.
owing to recent dlscoverios. the .rou
te theory of the constitution of mat
ter, established for a century. 1 no
longer tenable, slnco particles small
er than atoms are now known to exist.
But Prof. Herbert R. Moody points out
that the theory is still as useful as
evor, since, under the conditions that
surround us on the earth, most atoms
do not undergo change that can be
discovered In any ordinary way. Tho
atomic theory is based upon weigh'ng?
and the changes In weight which
atoms undergo aro not such as can
Prepared for tho Offerings.
A Kansas City druggist tells that a
wealthy man came Into his store Sun
day morning and, throwing a dime on
the showcase, said: "Give me two
nickels for that, please!" "Going to
try a slot machine ?" asked tho drug
gist, pleasantly. "No," replied the
wealthy man, "I'm going to church."
If there is one congressman In
Washington who detests tobacco
Kinokc more thau another that man Is
Senator Eugene nale, and it is a fun
ny sight to see cnpltol employees and
others drop their cigars or cigarettes
when they see him coming. When Mr.
Hale was a young member of the sen
ate ho had to submit to having his
senses offended by pipes, cigarettes
nnd cigars In tho corridors, committee
rooms and elevators, When he be
came ono of tho leaders, however, ho
changed matters. There are "No
Smoking" signs on both house and sen-
"I.OOK OUT, UEMSH UALE.
ate sides of tho cnpltol, but no ono
pretends to observe such a rulo on tho
houso side, especially slnco Speaker
Cauuon'a ono regret lu ascending to
his chuir lu the houso each day is that
ho has to ubandou his cigar. Over on
the senato side the rulo is supposed to
bo rigidly enforced. If it Is not und
Senator Halo gets a whiff of tobacco
smoko outside of tho cloakrooms trou
bio Is certain to follow.
"Many a good cigar havo I dropped
down tho shaft." said ouo 3f tho sen
ate elevator men, "when I saw Senator
Hale In the offlng. I like a cigar pret
ty well, but I like my Job better, nnd
when he Is around n man must take
Ws choice between tho two."
Protection for Miners.
Workers In certain mines, as well
ns in glass and mirror factories, are
subjoct to injurious effects from the
inhalation of mercury vapors. An Ital
ian savant. Slgnor Tarugl, believe
that the property of aluminum to ab
sorb mercuric vapors may be utilized
for nrotection against this danger.
and he has devised for the purpose a
mask of aluminum wire to bo worn
over the face. His Idea ls"that the
air breathed will bo freed from tlio
Injurious vapors through their ab
sorption by tho aluminum.
Some War Losses.
Southern remittances to the North
began to grow unsatisfactory some
time beforo tho election of 1S00, and
nfter that grew still more uncertain,
stopping entirely the next year. When
tho war began thero was duo from the
Bouth to the merchants of the North
5300,000,000, nil of which was practi
cally a total loss, Its payment being
made a criminal offense. New York
firms lost 1160,000,000 In this way:
tho dry-goods merchant, the clothiers
the boot and shoe dealers, and the
Jewellers being the heaviest losers.
President la Said to Have Taken Note
of Illinois Scandal.
Washington, May "L The confession
of State Senator Holstluw of Illinois
that he got $2,500 for voting for Sen
ator Lorlmer nnd the indictment of
John Rroderlck for bribery havo
thrown the Illinois congressional dele
gation Into a state of unusunl excite
ment. Coupled with n sweeping denial
of Senator Lorinier's explanations de
livered by Governor Deneen, the reve
lations of further corruption have con
vinced tho politicians that nn upheaval
in Illinois polities, bringing ruin to
scores of present olllce holders), cannot
now be nverted.
The explosion at Springfield which
drowned tho dying echoes of Senator
Lorlmer's denial that uny money was
paid for his election has been the one
topic of conversation among politicians
of nil parts of the country, and mem
bers of the Illinois delegation hnve
been busy answering telephone calls
from colleagues In the senate and
house, curious to learn the latest de
tails. According to nil indications the sen
sation oven reached high quarters, pro
ducing a result that spells disaster for
tho Lorlmer faction in the Illinois
Republican organization. It lias be
come known that the federnl patron
ago which had been promised to the
Lorlmer followers is to be held up by
President Tnft pending an investiga
tion of the senator's election.
WOULD PREVENT DISEASE.
Hard to Get Into the Army.
What Is the chonce for a young mnn
to get into the army nnd sit down to
the improved mess table of Roosevelt
rations? Well, In tho llrst place, as
Major W. L. Kenly, who has charge of
the recruiting work of tho army In
New York city, told me, only about
one man in ten who wants or thinks
he wauts to become a United States
I soldier Is able to pass the examina
tion, which Is now n rigorous one, be
cause the ranks aro about as full as
the war department cares to have
them. It Is only to make up for tho
losses by discharge, death and deser
tion that Uncle Sam invites his neph
ews into tho service and not because
he cannot get all tho strong, intelll
gent men of native birth that he needs
on short notice to tnke up arms for
their country. Metropolitan Mngazlne,
Signing the Register.
By the way, the old fashion of reg
isterlng "Mr. nnd Mrs. John Smith" ou
ono Hue is dying out. Of late years it
has been mostly "John Smith" on ono
line nnd "Mrs. John Smith" on the line
below. Now a new fashion Is coming
in. whether due to the demand for
recognition on tho part of Mrs. John
Smith or her husband's chivalry I can
Many men when they register write
on the llrst line "Mrs. John Smith" nnd
"John Smith" on tho second, while I
havo seen others write on the first lino
"Mrs. John Smith" aud under It simply
"Mr. Smith." So fur I have not seen
"Mrs. John Smith and husband" regis
Railway Surgeons Plan Nation Wido ) tercd, though tho fashion seems to be
Measure Strength of Oarsmen.
Mr. W. C. Marshall, of the Sheffield
Scientific School at Yale, has invented
a pressure recorder which, when sub
stituted for the ordinary rowlock at
the end of the outriggers of a racing
shell, measures and registers the pres
sure exerted at every stroke of the
r. The varying force of the strokes
during a long race can be ascertained.
and it is Intended to apply tne ma
chine In the selection and training of
the university crews.
Attention is called to tne STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
Citv has published a ROLL Oi
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In this list the WAYNE
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stands 38th in the United States
Stands 10th in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wayne County.
Alloys of Gold and Iron.
Iron and gold when melted together
may be mixed in various proportions,
and hardened or crystallized. Alloys
containing 10 per cent, of gold aro
harder than pure Iron, but as the pro
portion of gold increases above that
amount, the alloy becomes softer.
Silver and iron do not form alloys.
Capital, Surplus, $455,000.00
Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00
Honesdale. Pa.. May 29, 100S.
A. O. BLAKE,
AUCTIONEER & CATTLE DEALER
You will make money
by bavins me.
n.xi .. n.
JISELL PHONE 9-U
D. & H. CO. TIHE TABLE HONESDALE BRANCH
A.. M.I A.M.
Crusade Against Contagion.
Norfolk, Vu May 31. A cull Is soon
to bo Issued for a meeting of tho chief
surgeons of all tho railways of tho
country, the chief health olilcers of nil
tho states and oUices of tho United
Suites public health and inurino hospi
tal service, tho object of which will bo
swinging that way. American Regis
Bismarck and Schweninger.
King Gustaf of Sweden has gono to
Nice to consult Professor Schwenin
ger, who was Bismarck's "banting,"
or fat reducer, nnd his body doctor for
to devlso uniform rules und regulations I many years. Schweninger was tho
li 5 2
... Luke Ixnlore ...
... . Wiiymart
Lv A.M. P.M
1 35 10 05
12 17 8 29
12 U7 8 17
12 Ui 8 13
11 41 7 51
11 37' 7 47
11 31 7 41
11 29 7 39
11 23 7 32
11 2U 7 30
11 Hi 7 26
11 12 7 22
11 09 7 19
11 05 7 15
Temptations of Evil.
Leisure misused, an Idle hour wall
ing to bo employed, tdlo bands with no
occupation. Idle und empty minds with
nothing to think ot those are the
main temptations of evil. Fill up that
empty void, employ those vacant
hours, occupy those listless hands, and
evil will depart because tt has nc
place to enter In, because tt 1b con
quered by good. Dean 8tanley.
for tho maintaining of all passenger
trains and passenger stations in tho
country in such sunltury state that tho
spread of tuberculosis und tho ravages
of tho hookworm mny bo checked.
Tho proposed call for the meeting Is
tho result of au Idea auggested to Dr,
hundredth doctor whom Dlsmarck had
consulted, tho ninety-ninth having di
agnosed the aliment as cancer In tho
stomach. 'When Schweninger was first
Introduced to lllsinarck by his younger
son, Count Dill, whoso bulk the new
doctor had reduced, tho chancellor
W. A. Applegate, chief surgeon of tho j complained that ho nsked too many
Southern railway, by a paper read bo-
fore tho surgeons of tho railway tn
Richmond last week by Dr. O. I'. Wer
tenbaker of tho United States public
health nnd martno hospital service,
now ou duty ut Norfolk.
Dr. Applegate, Dr. "Wertenbnker nnd
Dr. Knulon (J. Williams, health com
missioner of Virginia, nro looking after
the proposed call for tho meeting, and
they will llbcly ask Surgeon General
Wymnn of tho United States public
health ami martno hospital uervlco to
questions. "Very well, then," said
Schweninger. "You tiad better call tn
a veterinary surgeon; ho won't ask
The Matinee Hat Problem.
Tho authorities of tho Cercle, nt Alx-lcs-Dalns,
havo solved tho matinee hat
dlfllculty. The whole length of the the
nter Is divided Into two parts. "Avec
chapcaux" sit to tho right; "sans cha
peaux" sit to tho left. Tho solution baa
tho simplicity and tho success of sheer
genius. Letter tn London Times.
The Era of New Mixed Paints !
This veav opoiu wiiti a deluge of now mixed paints. A con
dition brought about by our enterprising dealers to get some kind
of a mixed paint that would supplant CHILTON'S MIXED
FAINTS. Their compounds, being now anu neavuy uuvn uwu
may find a sale with the unwary.
t,IauS: MIXED PAINTS
Thero aro reasons for the pro-minonco of CHILTON PAINTS
1st No one can mix abetter mixed paint.
2d Tho painters declare that it w orks easily and has wou
dorful covering qualities.
3d Chilton stauds back of it, and will agree to repaint, at his
own oxpense.ovory surfaco painted with Chilton Paint that
proves defective. ' . . .
4th Those who havo used it aro perfectly satisfied with it,
aud recommend its use to others.