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Tin: cmzr.v, kiiiuav, may ar, mio.
TELLS OFj riAUDS
Spitzer, Pardoned, Exposes
ROBBED NATION OF MILLIONS.
Convicted Dock Superintendent of
American Sugar Refining Co., Back
From Prison, Tells All Salaries
Paid "Discharged" Men.
ICow York, Muy 24. It leaked out to.
day tbat the federal nuthorltles are
preparing to make more Important ar
rests In connection with the sugai
frauds and that men of wealth are
under surveillance to prevent their be
coming fugitives before the time ar
rives to take them Into custody.
For the first time the complete story
of how millions were stolen from the
government by means of sugar weigh
ing frauds was told from the witness
etnnd In the United States district
court by Oliver I,. Siiltzer, recently a
convict In the federal prison nt Atlan
ta and before that for n long term of
years a trusted oiliclal of the Ameri
can Refining company and Its parent
corporation, the Hnvemeyer & Elder
Spitzer, who had served one-quarter
of the two year term which he got for
his share In the series of gigantic
cheats, was pardoned last Thursday
by the president after he had made a
complete confession to representatives
II Mi IP1WIIB
of the department of Justice. Ills sud
den appearance at the trial of his one
time fellow olllcial. Charles It. Ilolke,
and five other workers for the sugar
trust came as a surprise, under cir
cumstances of the most dramatic char
acter. I5ut the evidence which he proceed
ed to give far eclipsed in Interest the
manner of his sudden appearance In
the case. He swore that, to his knowl
edge, the thefts had dated hack as far
as 1S94 and that they continued with
ouf Interruption practically for a pe
riod of more than twenty years.
He swore that leaden " bags were
first used to affect the balance of the
scales by which the government was
supposed to arrive at the weight of
Imported products in order that the
proper duties might be assessed, but
that when .lames X. Vail became dep
uty surveyor of this port he stopped
the employment of this device and
that thereafter such things as paper
paddings in the mechanism, pieces of
corset wire and other methods were
used to bring about the same result.
He swore that n signal of red lights
was rigged up In order to carry the
warning to ills confederates on the
docks any time Investigators should
leave Ills oilice at Williamsburg.
He swore that it was customary to
apparently reduce the weight by thirty-live
or forty pounds on every half
ton draft of raw sugar. He swore that
ho reported the swludles to a man
named he Hoy in the Wall strtet of
fices of the company when he first
learned of them, but no action was
taken, and he swore finally that Ernest
Oerbracht, the relluery superintendent
and one of the men now on trial, con
tinued to pay Iiim and other suspected
conspirators after they hud been osten
sibly discharged and up until their
convictlou. Oerbracht, he said, brought
the money to him weekly at his ga
rage In Hrooklyn.
After Spitzer had left the stand and
after Judge Martin had decided that
ho should uot be cross examined by
the defense until tomorrow Henry D,
Ktlinsou, the acting United States dls
trlct attorney, took thu Informer up-
stairs to the grand Jury room, where
Spitzer spent several hours before the
federal grand Jury. It was believed
that ho furnished new evidence which
would oiiubio the government to frame
fresh ludlctments not only against
6oino of the men uow under charges,
but against certain sugar trust peoplo
who have not heretofore been formally
licensed of a hand In the gigantic lm
How to Clean Asbestus Mats.
"I had n set of nsbestus mats given
to me," said a housekeeper, "which
kept my table from scarring and were
a Joy to me until they got bo soiled I
thought they must bo thrown away.
A friend told me to put thorn on top
of the hot coals In tho raugo to clean
them. I did. Tho dirt was burned off,
and they were us clean as when now.1
Living for the Flag.
A. Beautiful Example of Devothn from
Our Civil War Rccsds.
One of tho r.ost touch; lg as well
as tho most beautiful oxar pies of de
votion to the flag Is to be found In the
reco.-ds of our civil
war. The Sixteenth
Regiment of Connecti
cut Volunteers, after
three days of tho hard
est anil broodiest of
fighting, became con
vinced that defeat and capu.ro by tho
enemy was imminent, rr.e ranKS
were depleted, and to hold out longer
would only involve needlc.ily further
sacrifice of life. Hut even In their
hour of peril tho zealous patriots
thought more of the fate of their bat
tle-scarred flag than of their own.
Just before the ene:t.y maue his final
assault on the breastworks the gallant
colonol Bhouted to his men, "What
ever you do, hoys, don't give up our
flag; save that at any price." In nn
Instant the flag was torn from Its staff
and cut and torn Into hundreds of
small fragments, euch piece being hid
den about the person of some one of
its brave defenders.
The survivors of the regiment.
about COO In number, were scat to a
prison camp, where mci of them re
mained until the end of the war, oi"'i
cherishing his mite of the rejii.....i.
colors. Through long months of im
prisonment many died froi sii kitsi
brought on by expo3iire acd tti'iUie
privation, and in all such cases the
scraps of bunting guarded by the poor
unfortunates were intrusted to tne
care of some surviving coairr.do.
At Uio end of the war, when the
prisoners returned to their homes, a
meeting of the survivors was held and
all the priceless fragments of the Hag
were sewn together.
That flag, patched and tattered as
It is, forms one of the proudest pos
sessions of Connecticut today, and is
preserved in tho State Capitol at Hart
ford, hearing mute teitlmony to the
devotion of the bravo men who u e.-o
not alone ready and wil'.ing to il e
for it on the Held of battle, bat to !i
for it through long years of imprKji.-
BELONGS TO ALL AMERIC.V'C.
Memorial Day Pre-errlncntly a Dsy of
Patriotism and the Heritage of All.
What the United States is. and is to
be, rests upon so.ncliins cqmy
shared by the mo5t vener.tblo soM or
and the smallest child with its t:uy
1 ?tt?vT33?- -,f.
flag and handful of blossoms. Memo
rial day Is pre-eminently the day of
patriotism. As long as the self-sacri
ficing love of country abides the na
tion will be ' safe and its course on
ward. Xo emergency ran master a
people who are ready to offer all and
to die. if need be, at their country's
call. There is a complete unity nbout
what is done on Memorial day. All
Americans arc n part of it. The
thoughts that dominate It are the her
itage of all. Other crises must come
and will not fully deilne themselves
in advance. They can be overcome by
patriotism, and that alone. Though it
be an invisible spark in the human
heart, a nation dies when it falls, and
civilization would be lost without It.
It Is not peculiar to any race or coun
try, but Americans, governing them
selves, are glad to know that they
have always been among tho foremost
In its Illustration. They do not expect
to escape trials, but havo a calm faith
that they will be ready for them and
ablo to do their duty, though Its per
formance should call for their lives, a
self-surrender that outweighs the gift
of existence on any terms less noble.
General Llngan's Grave.
Two of General Llngan's grand
daughters recently asked tho War De
partment to permit the remains of the
General and his wlfo to be interred in
Arlington, which permission was read
ily granted. Five generations follow
ed the remains of the distinguished
patriot to their last resting place In
beautiful Arlington, and military hon
ors were accorded him. President
Roosevelt sent n wreath of flowers
and a White House Aldo to represent
him. A monument will be erected. Gen.
Lingan Is the only army officer who
fought In the Colonial, Continental
and Revolutionary Wars that la burled
In the National Cemetory.
1". yif t
Tho Talkative Barber. i
"Tho tnlkatlvcnoss of barbers Ions
has been the subject for puns and
jokes," said a barber. "I hod always
fancied the matter ono of recent origin
until tho other day. You know In my (
proicssiou we nave n great; ueai or
spare time. Well, the other day I was
slttlug on tho bench waiting for the
shaves and linir cuts to cpmc in nnd
to while, away the time was glancing
through a copy of Plutarch's 'Arche
laus.' Imagine my consternation when
I happened on a lino rendlug:
" 'A prating barber asked Archclnus
how ho would be trimmed, no an
swered, "In silence." '
"Well, that got mo. I never know
they oven had barbers that long ago.
I always supposed tho ancients let
their whiskers grow nnd that they
woro curly locks as long as tlwlr to
gas, but it seems that the barber Is
an ancient relic and that his talking
proclivities arc a matter of history.
I'll havo to give it to the humorists
"But, say," he whispered, "that man
icure girl over there has got us beat to
a frazzle. I wonder If there's anything
In Plutarch nbout her." Kansas City
The Sunny Side of Superstition.
That there Is anything genial, cheer
ing or therapeutically valuable about
superstition may seem a tall state
ment. The ndjectlvo generally associ
ated with It is "dark." On the con
trary, there Is something very bright
ening nbout a four leaf clover. Who
is not n llttlo more of nn optimist for
picking up n horseshoe? What lone
ly farmer's wife, stormbound on a
winter nfternoon, with unwelcome lei
sure on her hands, but feels a little
quickening of the pulso ns she drops
her scissors and beholds them sticking
up in the carpet or discovers that she
has laid nn extra place nt the table?
Company signs are the commonest nnd
welcomed of all superstitious. The
scissors, tho needle, the dishcloth, the
fork, the Saturday sneeze, all Inculcate
hospitality and reward it by an uncx
pected visitor. If the needle slants as
It stands up In the crack of tho floor
it foretells a gentleman. Run, young
daughters of the house, and put a
blue bow in your hair! Atlantic
Working It Out.
The following note was delivered to
a schoolmistress recently:
"Dear Mum I am sorry that John
ny won't be ablo to come to school to
day. Ho has gone with ids father to
act as timekeeper. The sum you gave
Johnny last night was, 'If the road Is
cue and a quarter miles long how long
will It take a man to walk that dis
tance twenty-six and a half times, his
average rate of progress being three
and thrpe-quarter miles per hour?'
Johnny ain't a man yet, so as dad's
the only man In this house ho had to
go. They started at 4 o'clock this
morning, and dad said he'd finish the
sum iu ono day If lie could manage It,
though It would mean hard going.
Dear mum, next time you want any
Information please make It 'woman,'
then I can do the sum nnd dad can go
to his work." London Scraps.
A Custom of the Balkans.
He or she who enters a house for the
first time is supposed In tho Balkan
countries to bring it good or bad luck'
for the whole twelvemonth. This be
lief gives rise to a curious observance.
Tho visitor before crossing the thresh
old picks up a stone (token of strength)
or a green twig (emblem of health and
fruitfuluess) and lays it on tho hearth.
He also brings with him some grains
of salt, which lie casts into the flames,
and then, squatting by the fireside,
wishes his hosts "a prosperous year, a
plentiful crop nnd many blessings."
Then ns the grains of salt burst nnd
crackle in the fire lie utters tho follow
ing qunlut formula: "As I am sitting,
even so may sit the lien and warm tho
eggs. As tills salt splits, even so may
split the eggs of the clucking hen and
tho chickens come forth."
Reptiles' eggs are not very attrac
tive objects, In the caso of crocodiles
nnd many kinds of tortoises they are
pale colored or white and rcsemblo
those of birds In shape. But the egg
of the gopher tortoise Is remarkable
for Its complete roundness. It might
well bo mistaken for a golf ball. Many
sunkes" eggs are soft skluued, brown
as to color nnd look for all the world
like a number of new potatoes. Scien
Tho organist sent a little boy to In
qulro of the minister what tho first
hymn would be. "Tell her," said the
minister, "I would like 'Carol, Broth
ers, Carol.' "
The llttlo boy thought ho said "Howl.
Brothers, Howl," and told tho organist
that the minister's selection was "Yell,
Brothers, Yell." New York Times.
Runs In the Family.
Mr. Agllo (to air. Stoutman, running
for a car) nello, old boy! I thought
you were too lazy to ruu like that.
Mr. Stoutman (languidly) Easily ex
plained, my dear boy. Laziness runs
in our family. Llppincott's..
"What la suspended animation?"
"It's what happens at an afternoon
tea when tho very womau Uiey have
been talking about enters tho room."
Knicker-now largo Is their subur
ban placo? Bocker Large! Why, they
havo to havo folding beds for tho flow
ers. New York Sun.
Bless tho fools! What would wo do
If every ono were wise? Antrim.
Saved His Major
From Raging Mob.
I was a prlvato In Company K of
tly old Sixth Massachusetts when that
regiment passed through Baltimore
on prll 18, 18G1, on its way to tho
defonco of the national capital, and t
think the most thrilling cxperlen-e I
had during the War of tho Rebellion
took place In that city.
When wo reached the first station
In Baltimore) there was no display -)f
hostile feeling. Instead, we were
cheered at tho station, whore a largo
numbor of Unlonsts had gathered. Dm
when we started to cross the city In
cars drawn by mules tho trouble
broke out In earnest We had arrived
In Baltimore caller than was expected,
and for that reason the mob was tnkon
somewhat at a disadvantage. But a)
soon as the word spread that troou
were In tho city on their way to
Washington the crowd was greatly In
creased, nnd they Immediately began
their attack on our cars with stones
Wo had strict orders from Colonel
Jones not to fire Into the crowds pro
miscuously. Ho had warned us that we
Statue of General Stcri-nai.
would be insulted, abused and peiivvv
assaulted, but that we were to m -.: '
with faces square to the fro;.t at.
pay no attention to the mob, evn '
they threw stones, bricks or oti--
missiles. The real object was .."
reach Washington, at that time sup
posed to be in dnnger, and we wi v
endeavoring to get through the hoj.il
city as quickly as possible.
It had been previously planned ti: i
we would march through the city, osm1
the change to hurrying throush o
the cars seemed to stir tho crowd to
greater fury. Obstructions of evirv
description were thrown across i 't
tracks, and the car in which my on 'i
company was riding was thrown fro-1
the tracks three times, Major W
son each time rushing to the frc.
and assisting the driver In removi,i ,
Cheers for "Jeff" Dav:s and othet
leaders of the rebellion urged the mob
on to greater deeds of violence, uu;
one member of my company, Wir.i.im
II. Daly, finally arose In tho miJu'f
of tho car and fired through the win
dow. He had caught sight of a ..-
approaching the car with a revolve.
in his hand, but before he could tin
any damage the shot from Daly's gun
dropped him in the street.
At about this time I went to tlu
rear platform when tho car had beMi
halted again by obstructions on th
track. While I stood there Ma'j.
Watson, returning to the car after ;e:
ting it back onto the tracks aga i.,
was pressed hard by the mob. r:i
halt had been long enough to alio
a number of them to approach to liir-
very platform itself and Just as tlu
major was about to get aboird out
man raised his arm to bring down a
powerful blow upon him.
I was near enough to realize 'lie
full danger of tho position the mnj ir
wns in and I plunged tho bayonet into
tho right breast of the assailant, top
pling him to tho ground. There Is b'ic
little else that I can recnll very clear
ly concerning that episode, for almost
at the same Instant a Eliot from the
crowd entered my leg and hadlv dis
abled me. I do not know whether or
not my riflo was discharged at that
time. I know that It was emptied, hut
Just when it was fired I could not tell.
I was sent to Washington nnd my
wound healed sufUclently to allow mo
to re-enllst In the Forty-second Massa
chusetts, with which I served until
the end of tho war. MaJ. George A. J.
Gen. Grant's Reserve.
Seeing Gen. Grant so frequently, 1
had reasonable opportunities for study
ing his moods and becoming acquaint
ed with his vIowb on many subjects.
The topics wero for the most part In
troduced by himself, and there wns a
freedom in their discussion that was
In strange contrast with his general
reputation for studied reserve. His
Insight into character and motive was
the outgrowth 'of long and varied ex
perience with men and circumstances,
nnd was edifying to tho listener.
In recognizing fully the hopelessness
of his physical ailment, and that thu
mortal Issue was a mere question of
time, there was a sad sincerity in his
reflections that allowed no doubt of
tholr weight and accuracy, At times
ho appeared to talk for posterity, that
ho might leave behind him some testi
mony that would be suggestive or
useful to others.
BARBERING BY CODE.
How Tonsorlal Work Is Scientifically
Done In Kansas City.
A barber on Kansas avenue In Kan-
sis City, was laying nn extra layer of
lather over the face of a perspiring
customer when suddenly he reached
In a drawer under the mirror and
drew forth a large leather-bound book.
"Just a minute," ho said to the cus
tomer, whose eyes wero covorcd by
a towel. "I want to And the diagnosis
for a sore throat. A careful scrutiny
of your Adam's applo discloses a
slight swelling. And you perhaps do
not know that wo barbers have re
ceived our rules and regulations from
tho State board of health."
Ho then removed tho towel from
tho customer's eyes, and pointed to
a largo sign on the wall.
"I find that you have slight symp
toms of sore throat; however, I guesa
you will pass tho regulations." Then
ho placed the medical book back In
tho drawer, and proceeded to scrapo
off tho man's whiskers. Having fin
ished shaving, ho dipped an end of a
towel In a box of powder and applied
It to the customer's face. Regulation
10 forbids tho uee of a powder puff.
"I will be ready for you in Just a
minute," he said to another customer
who was waiting. He then proceeded
to nhlde by Regulation 8, which pro
vides that the barber wash his hands
thoroughly after serving each custom
er. Then by Regulation 4 ho steril
ized by immersing in boiling water all
the tonsorlal tools that had been used
on the previous customer. Then by
Regulation 5 ho made sure to get now
towels for the new customer. He then
took some formaldehyde gas, which
he applied to his razor to make sure
that any bacilli that might have he
come secreted In the small Indenta
tions would be dead before applying
the razor again. After looking over
the list to see that none of the regu
lations were violated, he summoned
the customer who was waiting to tho
:i-air and repeated the same formula,
The Battle of the Enginc3.
During 1910 It is expected t
strenuous efforts will be mndo to im
prove the already great efficiency of
tho gas-engine. Although this fo ra
of engine enjoyed a triumph in 1 ' 0
through the achievements of tho aero
planes, yet it is pointed out thai it
old rival, the steam-engine, at he
same time greatly advanced in .' 1
economy, achieving a thermal eilU.en
cy of 19 per cent., a figure hitherto as
sociated with gas rather than w.dt
steam-engine tests. It has recent', v
been discovered that, owing to errone
ous assumptions, the gas-engine lias
not been credited vith having ap
proached as close to thj tkeo-i? c
limit of thermal effliency attain.'.')! :
by the prevailing four-stroko cycle as
it really has approached. Thus it has
been shown that a gas-engine which
by the old standard of efficiency wa.-
supposed to have attained 30 points
out of a possible 35. This leaves ao
little room for improvement aat ex
perimenters aro turning their atten
tion to radical changes in tho method
of operation which will afford a laraer
margin for advance.
The family had stood the long
strain of Uncle Hobart's Illness well,
but the peculiailties of the physician,
chosen by Uncle Hobart himself, had
been, to say the least, trying. "Do
you really think he will recover, Doc
tor Shaw?" asked the oldest sister of
the invalid, who had homo with hio
vagaries pationtly for years,
"I know how you feel, with Thanks
giving coming on and all," said the
doctor peering at her from under his
shaggy eyebrows, "but It's too soon to
toll. He may get well, nnd then again,
he may not; I can't encourage you yet
D. & H. CO. TINE TABLE
2 15 .
... Lake IxHlore ...
... . Way mart
... . Hontsdale
2 U) ,
The Era of New Mixed Paints !
This year opeiii witii a deluge of new mixed paints. A con
dition brought about by our enterprising dealers to get some kind
of a mixed paint tbat would supplant CHILTON'S MIXED
PAINTS. Their compounds, being now and heavily advertised,
may find a sale with tlio unwary.
TIIK'OXIjY I'liACK IX IIOKESDAM-:
AUTHORIZED TO HANDLE
Is JADWIN'S PHARMACY.
There aro reasons for the pro-minonce of CHILTON PAINTS;
1st No one can mix a hotter mixed paint.
2d Tho painters declare that it works easily and has won
derful covering qualities.
3d Chilton stands back of it, and willagreo to repaint, at his
own oxpenso.ovory surface painted with Chilton Paint that
4th Those who havo used it aro perfectly satisfied with it,
and recommend its use to others.
Secret of Horse Whispering.
"Tho most famous horse whlspor
or," said a Harvard psychologist at
a tea, "was Con of Cork. Con would
retlro alone with some vicious, man
killing brute, and from tho moment of
his reappearance the tif? would be as
mild as milk. They said he whisper
ed to It.
"Con's best authenticated cuse was
Rainbow, a horse belonging to Col.
Westavancc. Rainbow had kicked a
groom to . death, bitten a soldier's
thumb off, rolled on a woman. They
wanted to tie Rainbow's head In a
blanket before Con entered the stall,
but tho whisperer shook his head and
"Sending everybody nway, he en
tered. He remained In the stall half
an hour. Then ho whistled, and the
grooms and the colonel camo to him.
"Con sat on tho stable floor and that
holy terror of a horso lay on its back
beside him, playful as a kitten.
"Mankind thought in those days
that horse whispering was magic. We
know bettor now. We know it was
hypnotism exercised on animals, a
lost art that offers the psychologist a
fruitful field of research."
Most Important of All.
The man who Is always taking r;
now fads and cults accosted the 'or.",
haired stranger on the street.
"My friend," ho began, persuail.t
ly, "I am a follower of Dr. Fictr,,,-.
Let me tell you how to chew y, ,
'First tell me where to get '1
beefsteak," sighed the iong-Vir : .
man as his face lengthened. "I a:u a
Attention is called to tne STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
City has published a ROLL Oi
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In this list the WAYNE
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stands 38th in the United States
Stands 10th in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wavr.e County.
Capital, Surplus, $455,000.00
Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00
Honesdale. Pa.. May 29, 190S.
' a' BLAKE,
AUCTIONEER & CATTLE DEALER
You will make money
by havllii; me.
HELL PHONE 9-f Mmi ?Z.
10 50 ...
8 45 ...
2 25' P.M.
1 35 10 03
09! 12 40
7 03 12 Mi'
7 01! 12 321
ti 58, 12 29
ti 53 12 23
X.M.I l'.M. l'.M.
CHILTON'S MIXED PAINTS