Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 1, 1D10,
Green Manuring on Clay Soils.
By tho following method n certain
Dulutu (Mlun.) suburbanite lias suc
cessfully -worked the .stiff red clay of
his garden plot Into n rich loam pro
ducing very satisfactory results. The
clay was of tho stlffest red clay, tho
kind that abounds In northern Minne
sota and 'Wisconsin. IIo turned tuo
sod under In the spring nud sowed It
to ryo and cowpeas as soon as prac
ticable. Then In July, when tho growth
wns about eighteen Inches high, bo
turned tho green stuff under, sowing
the ground again to ryo nud cowpeas.
In tho fall the second growth was
turned under nnd tho ground manured
liberally. The next spring ho planted
tho lot to potatoes, using the BurbauU
and Rose vnrlctlcs. From this plot,
CO by CO feet, ho took out last fall
thirty-five bushels of the finer sort of
potatoes. Tho tubers wero of good
size, solid and tho quality sound. One
of tho specimens of Uurbank weighed
two pounds. Tho crop will no doubt
bo even bettor tho second year, for
when this soil containing compounds
of iron can bo manured sufllclently to
produce grain and vegetables tho Iron
In the mixture adds greatly to tho con
stitution of the plant Cor. Orange
The houso where milk is kept ebouia
bo entirely clean nnd nway from tho
stable. No foul odors or dust should
Tho water used about a dairy must
be absolutely clean. Disease like ty
phoid fever is often communicated by
infected water used in washing the
butter or the dairy vessels.
Tho water which the cow drinks
must also bo free from all pollution. A
pond In which tho cows stand and
drop their secretions cannot possibly
be fit for them to drink from.
A great deal has been said about a
dual purpose cow, but it seems doubt
ful If ever any Ideal cow of that kind
will be bred.
A good scrub may be a better dairy
cow than a poor specimen of tho best
breed; but, as a rule, tho pure bred
cow is the best
Don't neglect to put a ring into your
bull's nose about tho timo he is one
year old. Into this a strap or staff can
be snapped for the purpose of leading
Quality In Cattle
High class animals always have the
most quality. It is shown in a fine,
silky coat of hair, in a mellow, elastic
skin and in fine bones and neat joints.
There is lots of difference In coats
of hair. One cow may have hair that
is fine and soft and thick. There is a
Tery fine and close undercoat and then
longer, coarser hair. Such hair is a
great protection in winter. Other ani
mals, and they are the most common,
have coarse, long hair. Their bones
are also likely to be big and coarse.
When an animal has plenty of qual
ity you can easily take tho skin in the
hand between thumb and fingers and
pull it out from the side of tho body.
It will be mellow and roll up some
what in the hand. If tho cow lacks
quality her skin will bo thick, tight
nnd not easily taken In the hand. Fine
quality as seen In tho hair, skin and
bone means with tho beef animal that
when killed there will bo much less
waste of the carcass than if the condi
tions show lack of quality. C. S.
Molacses as a Stock Food.
At the Texas station molasses was
fed to beef cattle and when added to
n ration of cottonseed meal and hulls
Increased the gain at a lower cost,
those receiving molasses, for Instance,
gaining 3.11 pounds per head a day
and thoso not receiving It 12.50 pounds.
The steers In this experiment were
about two years old nnd received one
flftli of a gallon of molasses per head
a day. In unother trial made at the
same station It was found that tho ad
dition of molasses to a ration of cot
tonseed meal and hulls lowered the
cost and lncrensed the gain and that
the addition of molasses to a balanced
ration gave larger gains as well as
Improving tbo appearance of tho cattle.
There wore no undeslrablo results
from feeding as much as ono gallon
of molasses per head n day to year
ling steers. American Agriculturist
Sheep no Weed Exterminators.
Wonder if a few head of sheep
would not heli to solve tho weed prob
lem. It Is a serious problem on somo
farms to bo able to give tho orchard
tho proper attention at tho proper
tlmo. After tho corn Is laid by there
is suro to bo a crop of crab grass and
weeds spring up. If you summer fal
low a piece of ground it is sure to have
weeds in it Just when you cannot at
tend to them. Tho fence corners nnd
farm laues aro adopted by the weeds
hr fhelr ncrmancnt home. Tho woods
pasture soon fills with underbrush and
weeds, and all theso mean wasted
opportunities for making mutton, rais
ing wool and enriching tho land. Kan
Two Classes of Shorthornt.
TCenrlv all tho cattle seen in England
nro Shorthorns, with now and then n
few Herefords. Dorons and Jerseys
Most of tho milk of England la pro
duced bv rallkinir Shorthorns. Soveral
excellent breeders of dairy Shorthorns
nro breeding for milk alone, paylnu
tin attention to beef. In this way two
classes aro being developed that are
almost as different as nolstein-ime-slans
and Aberdeen-Angus. Illinois
&EE KEEPING -Mfc?
DICE KEEPERS IN WINTER.
Market Makes for Untidiness In Mnn
nglng the Apiary.
Tho obtaining of a dependable
market (or honey makes decidedly to
wards hnndlucss In tho managing of
tho apiary. For Instance, supposing
that the produce can all the bo sold,
as secured, to ono particular firm,
this means no storing and no running
about here and there to effect a sale.
And It means some thing more, for
tho beekeeper then knowa exactly the
class of honey required, and can then
work his apiary with tho single pur
pose of obtaining that particular class
of honey, and to work directly to
wards one end Is to save a good deal
of labor. Understmd this, UowovcY,
that while to sell honey In bulk
means convenience, and tho saving of
labor as well as time. It means lower
prices than when tho honey can bo
retailed, but whero tho saving of
tlmo must bo the first consideration,
tho selling In bulk has advantages
that outweigh the disadvantages.
Properly managed during the sum
mer, bees require hardly any atten
tion during tho winter, but during
tho summer the necessary attention
should be givon promptly and proper
ly, and any neglect of this rule means
Bitrely, added trouble In one form or
another generally hand In hand
with monetary loss. When a bee
keeper can manage his apiary hand
ily, he must not thou get Into a rut,
for present day beekeeping Is a pro
gressive industry, nnu tends so much
toward handiness that improvement
runs strongly In this direction, so
that unless tho beekeeper keeps well
posted he may find himself at tho tall
of the procession, Instead of whero
he should be at the head. There
fore keep well posted and discard ob
solete methods and appliances.
November is a good time to market
honey. There is generally a good de
mand for It now, for a great many of
the summer fruits are out of the way.
In preparing It for market It should
b carefully graded and packed nice
How Bees Divide Labor.
My experiments have revealed the
fact that the division of labor among
bees is carried to a surprising extent,
says Prof. Bonnier,
Bees which are seeking for a pol
len or nectar do not carry It, but car
ry the news to the hive.
A number of bees are sent out to
strip the tlowers, a number carrying
pollen only, others nectar only, oth
ers again water only, when water Is
needed. The number sen. out Is pro
portional to the number of flowers
to be stripped, r.nd by marking the
bees with colored talc it was proved
that each bee confined Itself for tho
time being to one class of work.
The same bee might be seeking for
flowers in the morning and collect
ing in the afternoon, but did not
change the nature of its work with
out returning to the hive.
There seemed be something in the
nature of a working arrangement be
tween bees of different hives, as when
the work of cleaning a certain area
of flowers had once been commenced
by a few bees from one hive these
collectors were not Interfered with
by bees from other hives.
Bee Culture and Horticulture.
Bee culture and horticulture are
closely allied and should be more of
ten combined than they are. Some
claim that bees Injure fruit, but a
careful examination of the mouth of
the bee shows that this Is a mistake.
The Jaws of a bee work sideways, and
have no teeth In them, consequently,
It Is impossible for them to eat solid
fruit. Experiments have been made
by putting sound fruit whero bses
could have free access to It and after
several days It was found uninjured.
dees like fruit and will quickly at
tack any that Is damaged so they
can got at It, but bucIi fruit Is use
less anyhow and It is a good thing tho
bees will make somo uso of it.
If tho bees swarm out more than
once, contlnuo to swarm out and go
back, and repeat this performance
ior a day or two, tho probabilities aro
that the queen Is unable to fly. Dur
lng this period tho tees aro only
wasting their tlmo and gathering lit
tie or no honoy.
Wo suggest swarming them artlllo
lally at onco by shaking nearly all the
bocs and tho queen from tho combs
Into an empty hive. This will ac
complish tho samo end as If tho
swarm had clustered on a tree and
then been carrlod to the hive.
Advisability of Keening Bees.
It is saro to say thot every farmer
would support, at least, a few hives
of boos. Nearly all parts of our coun
try produce honey In quantities suf
ttciont to pay for tho gathering. Tho
amount of honoy that goes to wasto
every year for want of bees to gather
It is very largo; In fact, to largo to
It pays tho bee-keeper to go visit
ing occasionally. Whonover occa
sion offers, tako a trip around to oth
er bee-keepers, and a short stay -with
them may make you moro enthus
lastlo "when homo again. Even
shiftless bee-keeper may give you
some points and sot you thinking.
HUMOR OF THE HOUR
Smart Sot Talk of the Future.
In America, when one meets any one
now, ono never asks, "What la his char
acter? but "How much Is ho worth?"
In accordance with tho above nnd in
lieu of the spread of our commercial
Instincts we shall doubtless soon have
conversations like tho following:
Scene A week end party. A now
guest has Just arrived. The hostosn
greets him effusively.
Guest Awfully good of you to ask
Hostess Delighted, I nm sure.
Guest Cnme over In your new car.
sized It up for nbout four thousand.
Hostess Cost llvo hundred morn
than thnt with tho fixings. Show you
tho bill if you like.
Guest Oh, never mind. Stunning
gown you have on.
Hostess (anticipating him) Glnd you
like It. Two hundred, nt Bnbster's. Is
that one of Pell's ninety dollar sack
Guest No; ono of Hampton's seven
Hostess I declare, they are improv
ing, nnvc had your room done over.
ou'll like It better. Cost SSO, but was
Guest Say! I have nn Idea.
Guest Why not have your secre
tary turn out an Itemized account of
nil your expenses this season, with a
statement of your assets, and put It
in tho front hall? That will give us
all the more time to discuss the races
nurrles away to carry it out Life.
Tho Only Original.
George .AVashlngton wns very small.
ery black and very new to the life
of the public school which ho had just
entered. Ills family had emigrated to
tho city from somo unknown wilder
ness, and tho officers of tho school
board had discovered little George and
brought him Into line with the pros
pects of the higher education. It was
his first day, and the teacher was try
ing to make him at home.
"And so your name is George Wash
ington?" asked tho teacher.
"Yossum Jorge Washin'ton."
"And I suppose you try to be as like
him as a little boy can, don't you?"
"I.ak who, ma'am?"
"Like George Washington."
The youngster looked puzzled.
"Ah kalu't help beln' lak Jorge
Washin'ton," he replied stoutly, "cos
that's who Ah am." Youth's Compan
A young Concord lawyer had a for
elgn client In police court the other
day. It looked rather black for the
foreigner, nud tho Concord man fairly
outdid himself in trying to convince
the magistrate that his client was in
nocent The lawyer dwelt on tho other's Ig
norance or American customs, ms
straightforward story and enough oth
er details to extend the talk fully fif
teen minutes. Ills client was acquit
ted. In congratulating the freed man tho
lawyer held out his hand in an absent
though rather suggestive manner. The
client grasped it warmly.
Dot was a fine noise you make," he
said. 'Tanks. Goo'by." Concord (N.
Not All From France.
"How did you enjoy the opera?" he
"Oh, it Vas just splendid!" she re
"But it was all French, wasn't itr
"Oh, no! Of course some of the
handsomest oues were unmistakably
Parisian, but there were quite a num
ber of pretty gowns which were un
doubtedly made here." Catholic Stand
ard aud Times.
"Jamie," said his mother ns she came
into the roun whore the boy sat read
ing, "why have you those turkey feath
ers sticking up on your 'bead?"
Jamie lifted his earnest face, which,
with its red ilanuel head band stuck
full of turkey quills, looked almost
ferocious, aud answered:
"I'm reading Cooper, mother, and It
"I have never seen the lnsldo of a
Jail," proudly declared tho man with
tho plaid vest and blazing stud.
"That's a splendid compliment for
your lawyer, whoever ho may be," re
plied an Innocent bystander. Chicago
The Student Walter.
Guest Why don't you bring out my
steak? I ordered it an hour ago. Did
you have to kill It first?
Walter Certnlnlyl What do you
think this Is a vivisection laboratory?
Not In tho Agreement.
Daniel had been cast into tho lions
"My main objection," he Bald as ho
playfully tweaked n lion's mane, "Is
that I get no moving plcturo royalties."
Turned Down by All?
"no Bays that ho can nover lovo an
"Gono tho limit, I b'pobo." Brown-
A Swan Song, as It Were.
Friend-Why did you "bonk" then?
Autolst I didn't honk; we ran over
n goose. Pittsburg Press.
Of Interest to Women Readers
COMFORT FOR THE TRAVELER.
Useful Work-Box That Can De Mado
to Contain All Conveniences.
It is not always convenient at holi
day times to take away a work-box,
especially whon space Is llmltod, and
If only on this account, our readers
may, perhaps, be glad to make for
themselves some such UBcful hold-all
as tho one shown In our sketch.
This compact little case really con
tains everything that Is noeded for re
pairs, or for odd jobs of needlework.
It can be made out of any small
piece of satin or brocade, and lined
with silk In some contrasting color, or
linen might be used. Long pockets,
mnde In the same silk as the lining,
are arranged on tho upper and lower
flaps for holding tapes and darning
wools, while a strap of stitched ribbon
In the center holds In place tho scis
sors, thimble, bodkin, etc. Reels of
cotton, ono white and one black, aro
fastened by small loops of ribbon on
cither side, and thoro are other pock
ets to hold hooks and eyes and safety
pins, as well as ordinary pins, noedlea
and the very necessary buttons. The
sides fold over and the case Is made
secure by ribbons, which tie the whole
thing compactly together.
A Woman Whose Word Carries
Weight in Municipal Affairs.
In Milwaukee there is a woman who
has had so much to do with the city's
affairs, with tho appearance of Its
streets and show places nnd with tho
upkeep of Its largest philanthropic In
stitutions that according to the Book
keeper she may be called the munici
pal patroness. She is Miss Elizabeth
Planklnton, daughter of the late John
Her father In the early days sup
plied the growing town with buildings,
notably the famous old Planklnton Ho
tel; he built business blocks and
founded one of the great banks of tho
the State, which failed only after his
death. To the daughter has fallen
tho self-appointed task of boautlfying
and embellishing tho streets and pub
In every enterprise that has as Its
object the betterment of Milwaukee
Mlas Planklnton makes herself felt
either by approval or disapproval, ac
cording to her view. Her opinion ts
respected, for by years of oxporlenco
city officials and a groat part of her
fellow citizens have learned that sho
speaks only after having fully Investi
gated each new problem.
As manager of her fortune she has
shown great mastery of business,
while her study In law has enabled
her to attend to the legal Intricacies
of the great estate her father left her.
On tho occasional vacations she al
lows herself she Is no lees onergetlo
and forceful. She is a traveler, and
it might almost be said an explorer,
for her pleasure Is found not on the
grand tour but on Journeys Into out
of the way corners of Europe and Asia
Minor where few American women
have over been.
Woman's 8upremo Qlft.
If a woman Is blessed with tact, sho
has tho supreme gift It will bring
her all the things sho neods. To her
it is a much more valuable asset than
benuty. or even genius. Tact Is cer
tainly tho greatest of all gifts to
Tho girls' school In somo far dis
tant Utopia is going to Include
course In tact to corrolate with its
curriculum from tho primary grades
on through tho postgraduate work.
For, when tho day of enlightenment
does come, the sensible mothor and
the astute fathor will realize that
working knowledge of how to get
along with people Is more to bo de
sired than much wisdom in so-called
higher branches. Tact Is more im
portant than trlgnomotry. It stands a
girl in place of benuty; It takes her
furthor than talent; It orlngs tho
world to her feet to do hor homage.
Tact Speod the day whon wo shall
appreciate tho Importance of this un
considered trifle! Help us .to reallzo
that with it woman can wheedlo tho
world put of anything it has to give
but, with her feeble strongth, she can't
wrestle with It and got anything!
To Soften Real Laces.
All real lacos after having been
(washed (It Is reasonable to suppose
that almost an excess of caro has been
bestowod upon them In tho procoss)
should bo dipped In skim milk. It
softens tho color and restores to tho
thread tho necessary oil. Bluing
should never bo used In rinsing real or
Among tho good old ways of "merrlo
England" is the tendency to democracy
provalllug In her boys schools. Par
ents can be assured, It Is said, that no
pampering will fall to the lot of their
sons, however exalted may be their
rank or great their possessions. An
English paper tells the story of an
Indian official of high rank calling
upon tho house master In a famous
public school, where a young prince,
son of a rajah, was being educated.
This official brought n special message
from bis master, tho rajah, to the ef
fect that he wanted no favors or ex
ceptional treatment of nny sort ex
tended to his son on account of his ex
"You may set tho mind of tho rajah
at rest on that score," said tho luu.:e
master, struggling to keep back his
smile before the dignified anxiety of
tho Indian official. "If the authorities
wero inclined to discriminate in tho
prince's favor, tho boys of the school
would set tho matter right. ' Among
them generally tho rajah's son an
swers to the name of 'Nigger,' and I
understand that with his Intimates ho
is familiarly known ns 'Coal Scuttle.' "
A gentleman who had spent tho
greater portion of his life in Canada
relates an ninusiug experience which
IIo had been on u hunting expedition
for several days In the backwoods,
roughing It rather severely, nnd on
taking a seat In a railway train re
turning homeward to looked ns be
grimed nnd weather beaten a trapper
ns ever brought his skins Into a set
tlement He happened to find n seat next to a
young lady, evidently belonging to
Boston, who, after taking stock of him
for n few minutes, remarked:
"Don't you find nn utterly passion
ful sympathy with nature's mountains
and - the dim aisles of the horizon
touching forests, my good man?"
"Oh, yes," replied the apparent back
woodsman, "and also I am frequently
drawn Into nn exaltation of rapt soul
fulness and beatific Incandescent In
finity of abstract contiguity when my
"Indeed!" said the young lady, much
surprised. "I had no idea tho lower
classes felt like that." Chicago Record-Herald.
Away back In 1771 Joslah Woodbury
of Beverly, Mass., thus published his
happy emancipation from matrimonial
Deverly, Sept. 16. 1771.
Ran away from Joslah Woodbury, coop
er, his houso plaguo for seven long years,
llasury Old Moll, alias Trial of Venge
ance. He that lost will never sock her;
ho that shall keep her I will give two
Bushel of Beans. I forewnrn all Persons
In Town or County from trusting said
Trial of Vengeance. I have hove all tho
old (shoes) I can And for Joy, and all my
neighbors rejoice with me. A good Rid
dance of bad Ware. Amen!
ALCOHOL 3 PER CENT.
sEmllatlngtrieRxMlandRciia ling (lie S tomadis mdBowiis cf
Promotes D igpstion JChecrTur !
ncss and RestContains neither I
OpiuniIorphine nor Mineral.
lion sour aiuraaui.uw".'"?"
ncss andLoss OFiUJ.i'.
Facsimile Signature of
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
Knew the Calendar.
They were little girls, so small that
tho teachor was tolling them about
divisions of time, and receiving all
sorts of answers to her simple ques
tions. Tho Uttlo girl who lived In a
boarding-house was a year older than
any of the others.
"We have learned that years are di
vided Into months, months Into weeks,
aud weeks Into days," said tho teach
or. Now can any ono tell mo how tho
days aro divided?"
The little girl who lived In a boarding-house
raised her hand, and was
asked to speak.
"Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays
and Thursdays, beef," she said, glibly;
"Friday, IlBh; Saturday, corned beef
nnd beans; and Sunday, Chicken."
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
Tho Kind You Have Always Bought
ADDS IN THE CITIZEN
AJiWAYS BRING RESULTS
Attention is called to tnu STRENGTH
The FINANCIER of New York
City has published a ROLL Or
HONOR of the 11,470 State Banks
and Trust Companies of United
States. In this list the WAYNE
COUNTY SAVINGS BANK
Stands 38th in the United States
Stands 10 1 h in Pennsylvania.
Stands FIRST in Wayne County.
Capital, Surplus, $45,000.00
Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00
Honesdale, Po.. May 29, 1908.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
TMC CCNTAUR COMPANY, H W W ft OITT.
KRAFT & CONGER
Bears the t
ft ! Us