The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, January 19, 1910, Image 3

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Ono October night In tho year
1781, whllo Washington's cannon
wore demanding tho surrendor of
Cornwallla at Yorktown, a German
scientist, working In his llttlo lab
oratory by tho light from tallow
candles, discovered a new and moBt
unusual metal which ho found im
possible to molt in his crudo char
coal furnace. H,e called tho new
metal Tungsten, from tho Swedish
"tung" (heavy) and "sten ' (stone)
because tho heavy ores had come
from Sweden. Little did tho old
man know, as ho worked away by
candlelight to give his discovery to
tho world, that his find would one
day, a hundred and twenty-fivo
years later, completely revolution
ize electric lighting.
Twenty-flve years ago Thomas A.
Edison produced tho first success
ful incandescent electric lamp after
other Inventors had worked for
nearly fifty years to perfect ther de
vice, The filaments for Edison's
first lamps were mado of carbonized
strips of bamboo heated white hot
in a vacuum globo by electricity.
After 1S94 carbonized cotton cellu
lose was used for the filaments and
It seemed as though tho lamp had
surely reached perfection.
The filaments of incandescent
electric lamps were made of carbon
because no other material could be
found which would withstand tho
Intense heat. Every well-known
metal was tried but melted before
reaching tho required temperatures.
Then the inventors began to ex
periment with the more uncommon
metals and again a German scien
tist took up the study of Tungsten.
At first the great trouble was to
secure pure Tungsten. This diffi
culty was overcome with tho aid of
an electric furnace, but the pro
duct, in the form of gray, metallic
powder, proved so refractory that
it could not bo melted into Ingots or
drawn out into wire. An experi
mental filament was made by mix
ing the fine powder with a paste
and squirting the mixture through
a die much the same as a spider
spins its web. This thread was in
turn heated in an electric furnace
until the powder was fused into
the form of a fine wire. With the
higher than any other known metal
It was possible to heat the filament
to greater incandescence, produc
ing more and better light with less
waste of current in useless heat.
Then the electrical Inventors
awoke to the fact that tho very
substance they were seeking, that
which Edison had scored the world
to find, lay under their hand all the
time, and Tungsten, useless and
practically unknown for over a cen
tury, came into its own and began
the wonderful task of revolutioniz
ing incandescent electric lighting.
The advent of the new Tungsten
lamp was startling to the users of
electricity for lighting purposes, for"
they saw at once that the new
lamps would easily give the same
light as the common incandescent
lamps for one-third cost. A homo
that was lighted by electricity for
$2.35 a month could bo lighted
with the new lamps for seventy-five
cents. Not only that, but the light
from the new Tungsten lamps prov
ed to be pure white, very nearly akin
to actual sunshine, soft, pleasing
and beneficial to the eyes, and not
of a yellow cast liko tho common
incandescent lamps.
The new Tungsten lamps will re
place those now in use without
special fixtures; In fact, any sixteen
candle-power Incandescent lamp can
be replaced with a thirty-two can-
cle-power Tungsten which will give
twice the light and save twenty per
cent, of tho cost. The new lamps
are the same as the old In size,
shape and general appearance, the
difference being In tho light-giving
filament within the glass bulb.. The
General Electric Co. has recently'
developed special processes for mak
ing Tungsten lamps. St. Albans,
Vt , Messenger.
E. E. Williams of Kirkwood, Mo.,
has the following letter in a number
of tho "Corner Stone," a New York
"I have just been on a visit to my
father, L. J. Williams, whose home
Is in Harvard, N. Y. My father serv
ed in tho Civil war as a member of
the 114th New York Volunteers. He
Is a member of Downsvillo Lodge, No.
''When war broke out tho Entered
Apprentice and Fellowcrnft degree
had been conferred on him in New
York. Ho went out in defense of his
country, without having been raised
to tho degree of Master Mason. It
was his misfortune to bo taken a
prisoner of war while at or near
Savannah. While he lay in the south
ern prison ho communicated with
some of his friends in tho north.
"His lodge in New York, through
proper officials, got in touch with
Zerubbabcl Lodgo In Savannah, and
made tho request that the Savannah
Lodge, as a favor to tho brethern of
tho north, confer tho third degree on
tho Fellowcraft brother, L. J. Wil
liams. "One night my father was taken
frlm his prison and conducted to tho
Savannah lodgo room. It was a re
markable occasion. Ho wore his be
draggled bluo uniform, token of his
sympathy with the cause of the
north. Ho was surrounded by men
who wore tho gray. All the chairs
were occupied by confederate offi
cers. They wero on opposite sides
in a struggle of death, but they were
brethren. Then and there he was
raised to tho sublime degree of Mas
ter Mason and acclaimed a friend and
brother by bis enemies.
"But tho moro significant feature
of the story was yet to follow. For
on tho same night my father escap
ed from his prison and rejoined his
comrades of tho north. I havo visit
ed Savannah since then and I looked
up tho records of his raising. In red
Ink, on tho Bnmo page that recordB
tho fact that the degree was there
conferred, is tho brief annotation:
'On this night Brother Williams es
caped' from prison.' "
"I havo talked with my father
about tho matter a number of times.
When asked about his 'cscapo' ho al
wnys smiles peculiarly. 'You may
put it down as an escape,' ho told
me, but it wasn't an escape, strictly
speaking. For on that night somo
men came to my prison. They put
me in a boat and carried mo off
somo distance. Then they deposited
mo on neutral soil between the lines.
From there I found ray way back to
my friends. Who my rescurers were
I have nover learned. It Is their own
secret and it has never been disclos
ed. But in my own mind I know
exactly to whom 1 may attribute the
cscapo in question. His name Is
In answering the question "vVhy
somo ministers fall," Dr. J. Wilbur
Chapman told the ministers of Bos
ton lately that he "marveled because
moro ministers do not fall." In
fact, to him, "tho wonder Is that the
great majority do not fall." Re
hearsing some of the causes for fail
ure, as ho is reported by Zlon's
Herald (Boston), he began by say
ing that preaching to some has be
come a profession, instead of a pas
sion. Tho spirit of routine, of pro
fessionalism, is fatal. There are
other failures due to the fact that
ministers use the wrong method of
approach. Thus:
"They try to enter by the door of
tho head rather than by the door of
tho heart. The man who enters by
the head must come armed with
an argument and he is met by an
argument. Then Greek meets
Greek. But tho best method of ap
proach is not by way of the head.
I havo found it very easy to enter
by way of the heart. This was
Jesus' method. The successful min
ister must use heart influence as his
chief method of work.
"Moreover, somo ministers fail
because they have departed from
the Bible as authority. Thoy forget
that Jesus and his gospel arc the
only hope of a sinful world. I met
on this tour all sorts and conditions
of preachers. Some were intellectu
al giants; some transgressed the
training of the schools. Some were
splendidly cultured; some had been
denied the privilege of culture. But
wherever I went, I found those who
were preaching tho divine Christ
from an inspired Bible were pros
perous; and those who wero preach
ing anything else were preaching
to dwindling congregations. The
world is sick of sin and hungry for
the Wordl The average business
man does not caro to come to church
to havo his faith unsettled."
Somo failures he attributes to the
loss of tho "evangelical note,"
though this element ho finds "hard
to define." Further:
"With some men it Is a flash of
the eye, a tone of the voice. Somo
men have produced conviction by an
nouncing a hymn. Tho evangelis
tic note depends on what you are
before God. If we had it, we could
fill the churches. Of one minister
a member of tho official board said:
'We think of Jesus Christ every timo
we see his face.' In 1727, Josh
Wesley could not shake an American
village, and his name was a by-word
for failure as he returned to Eng
land. In 1739, he shook three king
doms. In that year he had a vision
of God, and caught the evangelistic
"Furthermore, some ministers fail
because they have lost the note of
authority in the pulpit. It is a fatal
mistake to let people understand he
isafrald. He gets his commission
from God, not from the official
board. Oh, the pulpit Is tho last
place In which to scold, to say harsh
things; but the messago must havo
tho authority of a dlvino commls
slon. A distinguished lawyer onco
undertook to tell his pastor that the
parish needed a different type of
preaching. The pastor replied: 'I
get my peoplo before mo In my vis
ion as 1 study, and then I drop on
my knees. I find my text, and in
tho spirit of prayer I Btand on Sun
day to preach what ho gives me; and
not all tho elders in tho Presbyter
ian church can make mo chauge.
Tho lawyer grasped his hand and
cried: 'No elder in tho Presbyterian
church would want to make you
"Somo ministers fail because they
do not spend enough time In de
votional Bible study and privato
prayer. I know the demands on a
preacher's timo. Ho is busier than
any other professional man except
tho doctor. His hours are constant
ly broken into. And ho must al
ways be at his best or hear eoino
harsh criticism which will well-nigh
break his heart. But with all this
ho must bury his face in God's Word
moro; ho must bo moro in prayer.
A man in Melbourne came to mo and
said: I believe God has given you n
message, but I can toll you how to
make it havo a better edge. Tako
more timo for your Blblo; moro
timo to pray.' And this old saint
was right. Every minister should
como from his knees to tho pulpit.
"Finally, with all elso, failure Is
sure without loyalty to Jesus Christ.
As tho widow of ex-President Harri
son stood alono for a final farewell
beside tho silent form, she heard the
door open and saw an old soldier en
ter on his crutches. Ho approached
and mingled his tears with hers In
baptism on tho upturned face. Hob
bling then to tho door, ho turned,
stood at attention, nnd said: 'Gen
eral, I saluto you!' So must overy
successful minister salute his Master."
Tho Scranton Times of last
Thursday has a picture of Willie
Wator Scrappo," tho colebrated
game cock owned and bred by E.
B. 8. Meter, of Collarville, Pa.
"Wllllo Water Scrappo," who Is
entered In tho big poultry show to
be held in Music Hall, Scranton,
this week, has won more ribbons
and cups than any other gamo cock
in tho country. Gamo from tho Up
of his toes to the end of his bill,
ho has never been defeated in any
contest, nnd makes all other birds
tako water. And before ho gets
through with them they usually pay
dearly for tho meeting.
Pet game fanclors nro awaiting
with interest tho decision of tho
judges, confident In the belief that
"Wllllo" will defeat Teeter's Pets,
as tho cocks raised by Georgo Teo
ter, of Hawley, nro known wherever
fancy birds are known.
It is Said That Automobiles is the
That every manufacturer and
reputablo retailer In shoes will,
within a short time, bo compelled
to ndvanco the price of footwear
was the statement made by John H.
Hanan, president of the Nntional
Boot and Shoe Manufacturers' Asso
ciation, which held its annual meet
ing at tho Hotel Astor. This ad
vance, which will add materially to
tho column now known as "Increas
ed cost of living," Is caused, Hanan
declared, by the use of leather In
automobiles nnd the vegetarianism
that is sweeping over the country.
Hanan declared the materials
used in shoes cost the manufactur
ers ai least 10 per cent, more now
than they did a year ago.
"The causes," he asserted, "are
not artificial. The high cost of
leather is due to the automobile In
dustry, which uses so much high
grade leather In trimming automo
biles. At least 500,000 cattle hides
were devoted to that purpose during
tho past year. The decrease of meat,
too, as a food, has something to do
with the increase for where cereals
and vegetable products aro substitu
ted for meat, fewer cattle aro killed
and fewer hides produced.
Undor the new tariff, which plac
ed hides on tho free list Hanan de
clared that tho importations of
hides had increased 25 per cent, to
500,000,000 pounds, worth $100,
000,000. This, ho said, gave the
shoe manufacturers a better grade
of hides from which to select, but
did not decrease their cost.
There used to be a popular minis
ter in Indianapolis who was well
known in Louisville. Ho was pastor
of one of tho leading churches of the
city. Ho was built on the plan of
the late Henry George, whose motto
was, "I am for men." This Indian
apolls preacher was what Is called a
"good mixer." One day he stopped
In a blacksmith shop to chat with tho
workmen. During the visit a florid
faced man of prosperous appearance
came Into tho shop. He and the min
ister began chatting, but neither
knew tho other's line of business
They became good friends in a few
minutes. Finally the florid faced
man produced his card, which an
nounced that ho was In the saloon
business on West street.
"Como down to my place any
time," he said, "and I'll show you a
good time."
"All right," replied the minister,
"and, by tho way, I'm running a pret
ty good place myself. Como and see
me, and I'll show you a good time.
"I'll sure do that," said tho other.
"But, by the way, where Is your
"My joint," was tho reply, "Is the
First Presbyterian church. Just in'
quire for Myron W. Weed, tho pas
tor, and I'll be at your service."
Louisville Times.
Tho Dolawaro & Hudson Co. is
now collating information for tho
1010 edition of "A Summer Para
disc," the D. & H. summer-hotel and
boardlng-houso directory that has
dono so 'much to advertise and do
velop tho resorts in this section. It
offers opportunity for every summer
hotel or boarding house proprietor
to advertise his place by representa
tion in this book.' Tho Information
desired Is, as follows: Name of house;
P. O. Address; Name of Manager;
Altitude; Nearest D. & H. R. R. stn
tlon; Distance from station; how
reached from station; Capacity of
house; TermB per week and per day;
Dato of opening and closing house;
what modern Improvements; Sports
and other entertainments. This In
formation should bo sent at onco to
Mr. A. A. Heard, General Passenger
Agent, Albany, N. Y. Blanks may
bo obtained from tho nearest ticket
agent, If desired. No chargo Is mado
for a card notice; n pictorial adver
tisement will cost $15.00 for a full
page or $7.50 a halt-page. Our ho
tel people should get busy at onco
and tako advantage of this. Don't
make the mlstako of thinking that
your houso will bo represented be
cause it was in last year, but make
sure that you receive tho benoflt of
this offer by forwarding tho needed
Information without delay. Owners
of cottages to rent aro also given the
same rates for pictorial advertise
ments, but, for n card notice, a mini
mum chargo of $3.00 will bo mado.
Master of tho Ark Unable to Es
cape the Searching Investigat
ion! of the Public
Captain Dickson Inclined to Ques
tion Biblical Historian as to Mount
Ararat Fell Off Water Wagon
After 40 Days on the Water.
London. Even Noah has been un
able) to escape the searching Investi
gations of an Interrogating public and
avert the holding up to popular In
spection of certain questionable Inci
dents of his private life. Though he
wan tho invontor of tho first recorded
'water wagon" and had an experience
second to nono with the aqua pura, It
now la charged from Information ob
tained back in his home village that
ho had a penchant for the grape pro
duct. This accusation has been voiced
by Captain Bertram Dickson, who
made extensive Journeys In Kurdlstnn
wh.lo holding the post of British Mil
itary Consul at Van and whose ad
dresses beforo the Royal Geographical
Society have attracted wldo Interest.
"Yes, I made an especial inquiry In
to tho problem as to whore Noah real
ly landed after the great Deluge," said
Captain Dickenson, who now is in
London. "Tho Bible historian takes
the account of tho ark resting on
Mount Arrarat from tho Chaldean leg
end, which made it rest on the mount
ains of Urartu, whllo local trad
itions Christian, Moslem and Yezldl
alike mako It Jobel Judl, a striking
sheer, rocky wall of soven thousand
feet which frowned over Mesopotamia.
Common sense also would suggest
that, with a subsiding flood In the
plains, a boat would more probably
run aground on the high ridge at the
edge of tho plain rather than on a
solitary peak miles from the plains
and with many high ridges Inter
vening. "There Is a large sanctuary at the
top of Jebel Judl, where each year.
In August, Is held a great fete, attend
ed by thousands of energetic Mos
lems, Christians and Yezldls, or dovil
worshippers, who climb the steepest
trails for seven thousand feet in the
terrific summer's heat to do homage
to Noah. This mountain seems to
have been held sacred at all times,
and certainly It has an awesome fas
cination about it, with Its huge preci
pices and Jagged, tangled crags watch
ing over tho vast Mesopotamlan plain.
"The local villagers show one exact
spot whore Noah descended, while in
one villegc, Hassana, they show !
grave and the vine yard where he was
roputed to have Indulged freely In the
juice of the grape, the owner declaring
that the vines have been passed down
from father to son ever since. It would
Incline ono to bellovo that local leg
ends are perhaps more accurate than
the statements of Biblical historians."
Even the Royal Geographical So
ciety, however, has "sidestepped" the
problem of arranging Noon's "log.
Helpless In the Daytlmo, Can See Per
fectly After Dark.
Richmond, Va. Attention of physi
cians has been directed to the case
of Arthur Wilson of Notaway County,
who Is totally blind In tho day, but
can see a cat In the dark.
The young man can rldo a bicycle
at breakneck speed when the night Is
so dark that ordinary people havo to
walk cautiously, but in daytime he
gropes about with sightless eyes, un
able to distinguish objects, except
vaguely, nnd with no discrimination
whatever as to colors.
Because of his peculiar Infirmity the
young man Is noted as a "possum hun
ter," ho being able to distinguish tho
animals in the trees In the dark as
clearly as dogs can follow tho scent.
But a cabbage and the most beaut'ful
flower or the vague outlines of them
as seen by day aro all the same to
Small Boy Buys Red Cross Stamp In
Hope It Might Help.
Montclalr. N. J. A boy about 7
years old and wearing clothes much
too large for him, entered a store in
Bloomileld avenue, Montclalr, where
Red Cross stamps wore for sale. Step
ping up to tho stamp booth ho placed
down a penny and asked for a stamp.
As tho young woman handed It to
him, the boy said:
"Will this cure tuberculosis?"
"The money will be used to pro
vent It," answered tho young woman.
"I'm glad, 'cause my mother's got
tuberculosis and I want my penny to
do her some good," said tho boy as
he closed a grimy little hand about
tho stamp and hurried out.
Grenadiers are Smaller.
London. Under tho latest Army
Orders, the standard of height In the
Orenadlcr Guards Is lowered to five
foot eight Inches, nnd the chest meas
urement in the Scots Guards is re
duced one Inch.
Aeronautic Squirrel In Wlnsted.
Wlnatcd, Conn. Wilbur Perry
caught a largo flying squlrrol baro
handed in his cellar, in Barkhamsted.
It was eating apples In a barrel wheD
captured. Mr. Perry hns the creaturo
alive In a cage.
Famous Southern Air Nends Only
New Words to Make It
Washington, D. C "Away down
South in Dlxlo, a-way, a-way!" Loud
shouts of Joy will resound and the
bands will blare the good old tune of
"Dlxlo." for "Dixie" is proclaimed
officially to be firs, among American
songs and music In "patriotic popu
larity." This distinction Is conferred by no
less an authority than O. O. T. Sen
neck, chief of the division of music
of the Library of Congress.
All that "Dixie" needs to make it
the real national song is that somo
librettist wrltij to tho air a dignified,
high-sounding set of verses. But tbelr
purport must bo such that good
Americans all over this land can
"Those aro our sentiment and we'll
fight for them if need be."
So says Mr. Sonneck, in effect, In
an exhaustive roport on five famous
musical compositions Just Issued
from tho Government press. Ht
places "Yankee Doodle" second In
popularity, but says It Is no longer n
national song, only a national tune.
"The hlBtory of 'Yankee Doodle' Is
a mass of conflicting stories, and there
are countless additions to and varia
tions from the original.
"Star-Spangled Banner" comes
third In the public's affection; then
follow "America" and "Hall Colum
bia." Uncle Sam's boss authority on mus
ic gives fourteen variations of "Star
Spangled Banner," showing Its gradu
al modification and polishing. He
gives 1832 as the year in which
'America" was first sung publicly
but he cannot learn tho exact date or
place. "Hall, Columbia" has the ad
vantage of being strictly American In
words and music, but the origin of
'America" and "Star-Spangled Ban
ner" can be traced partly to England
Irs. Rowes's Recipe
for Model Servant.
Chicago. Mrs. F. K. Rowes Is
preparing a little volumo on
"The Servant Problem." She
says the problem is one of self
rather than of servant, and that
the solution Is easy.
Here, summarized, aro her j
rules for making a model ser-
vant out of nlmost any mater- o
ial. 8
Be patient. O
Be sympathetic. q
Treat her as a human being. O
Show her you appreciate her
efforts. y
Help her In work she doesn't g
understand. V
Help her when the work be-
comes unusually heavy.
Let her enjoy holidays that
the family enjoys.
Remember her at Christmas.
Farmer Knocked from Top of Wind
mill, Reviews Whole Life.
Bedford, la, -Martin Van Dersly, a
farmer near here, fell sixty-five feet
several days ago, landing squarely on
the back of a thoroughbread cow,
valued at $375, and was practically
uninjured; the cow is dead.
Fnrmer Van Dersly was repairing
the top of his windmill whon a sud
den shift of the wind turned tho fans
in the wrong direction, which swept
him from his perch. At that instant
his prize cow meandered up for a
drink of water, got directly beneath
him, and stopped. Her master's feet
struck her just behind the shoulders.
Her back was broken, and she was
ordered to bo killed.
Van Dersly says his flight did not
last longer than three seconds, but
during that time his entire life passed
bofore hlra like a moving- picture.
While he was the cause of tho cow's
death, ho is confident she was the
cause of saving his life. .
No Record at Berlin of Gift from Fred
erick the Great.
Philadelphia. After six months'
investigation Into thirty-four archives
at Berlin, at which more than a mil
lion papers wero scanned. Dr. Marlon
D. Learned, professor of Germanic lan
guages and llterntures at the Univer
sity of Pennsylvania, found no traco
of documents to substantiate tho tra
ditional belief that Frederick the
Great presented a sword to General
"I was examining tho collection of
house archives now deposited In the
Privy Prussian Archives at Berlin,"
said Dr. Learned, "and I ran across
no documents that tell of such a cere
mony. During tho six months I was
In Germany I examined the material
In thirty-four archives, working dili
gently between six and eight hours a
Delaware Farmer's Mouser.
Brldgevlllo, N. J. N. II. King owns
a remarkable English mockingbird,
which has established a reputation as
a mouBo catcher and takes the place
of several cats. While King was in
tbe field with tho bird It caught ten
mice in loss than an hour, killing them
all. King puts tho bird In his bam at
night, and saya It Is keeping It freed
from rats and mice.
Weighs Forty Ounces at Birth.
Central Village, Conn. Forty
ounces was the weight of a boy baby
bora recently to Mrs. Frank Harrington.
-Office, Masonle bolldlne. second floor
Honeidate, Pa.
Offlce over post office. AU leeal business
promptly nttenUed to. Honesdale, Pa.
ATrniiVEV a rniiwBFt nn.if-T . w
- V v w.. U..UW..-A A f,
rifflfM lthf..iirnii K..t1,tt.. . .-... "
Tost Office. Honesdale, I'a.
Uffiro over Kelt's store. Honesdale I'a.
Omen er Post Office. Honesdale. Pal
Special slid prompt attention clven to the
collection of rfnlms. Ofllco over Keifs Inew
store, Honesdale. I'a.
Olllce over tlie nost ollice Honesdale. I'a.
Ollice in the Court House, Honesdale,
Patents and pension frectirrit. Olllce In tbe
Schuerholz bulldlni: ilonesdale. I'a.
Office-Second tloor old Savlncs Bnk
bullilliiK. Honesdale. I'a;
Ofllre-M xt door (oust II'cc. Formcrl
occupied bv W inn k. Honesdale. Pa
Olllce First floor, old Savlncs ilanklbulld
Inc. Honesdale. I'a.
Dr. C. It. BRADY. Dentist. Honesdale. Pa."
OrricK Hours-8 a. m. to 5 p. m
Any eventnc by appointment.
Citizens' phone. S! Residence. No. 8&-X
Olllce and residence 1019 Court 'street
telephones. Otlii Hours 2:C0 to 4:00 and
CnntoH:00. o.rn.
LIVERY. I? red. U. Ricknrd has re
moved his livery establishment from
corner Church street to Whitney's Stone
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Oflice: Second floor Masonic Build
ing, over C. C. Jndwin's drug store,
If you don't insure with
us, we both lose.
White Mills Pa.
Graduate Optician,
1127S Main St., HONESDALE.
We have tbe sort of tooth brushes that aro
muilo to thoroughly cleanse and save the
They are the kind that clean teeth wlthont
eitvliii: your mouth lull of bristles.
We recommend those costlnc 23 rents or
more, us we ran guarantee them and will re
place, free, any that show defects of manu
facture vrllhln thrr months.