The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, December 08, 1909, Image 2

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I'ho fariarria Canal.
Tho policy of paying for thereon
strnctlon of the Panama canal" not
ont of current revenue, but by bond
Issue, was adopted in the Spooner act
of 1002, and there seems to be no good
reason for departing from the princi
ple by which a part at least of the
burden of the cost of the canal shall
fall upon our posterity, who are to
enjoy It, and there is all the moro rea
son for this view because the actual
cost to dute of tho canal, which is now
half dono and which will bo completed
Jan. 1, 1015, shows that tho cost of
engineering and construction will bo
$297,700,000 instead of $130,705,200, as
originally estimated. In addition to
engineering and construction, tho oth
er expenses. Including sanitation and
government and the amount paid for
the properties, tho franchise and the
privilege of building the canal, In
crease the cost by $75,435,000 to a
total of $375,201,000. The increase In
tho cost of engineering and construc
tion is due to a substantial enlarge
ment of the plan of construction by
widening tho canal 100 feet in the Cu
lebra cut and by Increasing tho di
mensions of the locks, to the under
estimate of the quantity of the work
to be done under the original plan and
to an underestimate of the cost of la
bor and materials, both of which have
greatly enhanced in price since the
original estimate was made.
Government Economy.
In order to avoid a deficit for the
ensuing fiscal year I directed the
heads of departments in the prepara
tion of their estimates to make them
as low as possible consistent with im
perative Rovernmental necessity. The
result has been, as I am advised by
the secretary of the treasury, that tho
estimates of the expenses of the gov
ernment for tho fiscal year ending
June 30, toil that Is, for tho next
fiscal year-are less by $55,063,000
than the total of appropriations for
the current nscal year and less by
$04,000,000 than the estimates for that
year. So far us tho secretary of tho
treasury Is able to form a judgment as
to future Income, there will be no
deficit In the year ending June 30. 1011,
but a small surplus of $712,000. j
In the present estimates the needs
of the departments and of the gov-
ernment have been cut to the quick.
For the purpose of securing informa
tion which may enable the executive
and the legislative branches to unite
in a plan for the permanent reduction
ot the cost of governmental adminis
tration the treasury department hrts
Instituted an investigation by one of
the most skilled expert accountants in
the United States. The object of the
investigation is to devise means to In
crease the average efficiency of each
employee. There Is great room for Im
provement toward this end, not only
by the reorganization of bureaus and
departments and in the avoidance of
duplication, but also in the treatment
of the Individual employee.
Under the present system it constant
ly happens that two employees receive
the same salary when the work of one
is far more difficult and important and
exacting than that of tho other. Su
perior ability Is not rewarded or en
couraged. Civil Pensions.
As tho degree of efficiency in all the
departments Is much lessened by tho re
tention of old employees who have out
lived their energy and usefulness it
is indispensable to any proper system
of economy that provision be made so
that their separation from the service
shall be easy and inevitable. It is im
possible to make such provision unless
there is adopted u plan of civil pen
sions. We cannot. In view of the ad
vancing prices ot living, hope to save
money by a reduction in tho standard
of salaries paid. Indeed, if any change
is made in that regard an Increase
rather than a decrease will be uecea
sary, and the only means of economy
will be In reducing the number of
employees and In obtaining a greater
average of efficiency from those re
tained in the service.
Frauds Id the Collection of Customs.
I regret to refer to the fact of the
discovery of extensive frauds in the
collection of the customs revenue at
New York city, in which a number of
the subordinate employees in tho
weighing and other departments were
directly concerned and in which the
beneficiaries were tho American Sugar
rtoflnlng company and others. Tbp
frauds consisted In the payment of du
ty on underweights of sugar. The gov
ernment has recovered from tho Amer
ican Sugar Refining company all that
it is shown to have been defrauded of.
The sum was received In full of the
amount duo which might have been
recovered by civil action against the
beneficiary of tho fraud, but there was
an excess reservation In the contract
of settlement by which the settlement
should not Interfere with or prevent
tho criminal prosecution of every one
who was found to bo subject to the
Criminal prosecutions are now pro
ceeding against a number ot the gov
ernment officers. The treasury de
partment and the department of Jus
tice are exerting every effort to dls
cover all the wrongdoer, Including the
c-(tkMB ana employees of the comp
nles who may Imve prtvt t ,
fraud. It would to me Hint m
investigation of the frauds by i
i gress at present, pending ilic problti.
by the truusury department mid fin
department of Justice, as proiiowd
might by giving Immunity nnd ntliei
wise prove nn emliarrnmmpnt In
curing conviction of the guilty pan Ion
Maximum and Minimum Clous In
Tariff Act.
Two features of the uew tariff act
call for special reference, in order
that the maximum duty shall be clinic
ed against 'the imports from a country
it is necessary that the executive shall
find on the part of that country not
only discriminations In its laws or the
practice under them against the trade
of tho United States, but that the dls
criminations found shall be undue
that is, without good and fair reason.
No one is seeking a tariff war or a con
dition in which the spirit of retaliation
shall be aroused.
Tariff Readjustment.
The new tariff law enables me to ap
point a tariff board to assist me in con
nection with the department of state in
the administration. of the minimum and
maximum clause of the act and also to
assist officers of the 'government in the
administration of the entire law. I be
lieve that tho work of this board will
be of prime utility and importance
whenever congress shall deem it wise
again to readjust the customs duties.
If the facts seemed by the tariff board
are of such a character as to show gen
erally that the rates of duties imposed
by the present tariff law are excessive
under tho principles of protection as
described In the platform of the suc
cessful party at the late election I
shall not besltato to invite the atten
tion of congress to this fact and to the
necessity for action predicated there
on. Nothing, however, halts business
and interferes with the course of pros
perity so much as tho threatened revi
sion of the tariff, and until the facts
are at band, after careful and deliber
ate Investigation, upon which such re
vision can properly be undertaken. It
seems to me unwise to attempt It.
War Department.
In the interest of immediate econ
omy I have required a reduction in
the estimates of the war department
for the coming fiscal year which
brings the total estimates down to an
amount forty-five millions less than
the corresponding estimates for last
year. This could be accomplished only
by cutting off new projects and sus
pending for the period of one year nil
progress In military matters. Vor the
same reason I have directed that the
army shall not be recruited up to its
present authorized strength. Thoso
measures can hardly be more than
temporary, for 1 am sure that the In
terests of the military establishment
are seriously In need of careful con
sideration by congress.
The secretary of wnr calls attention
to a number of needed changes In the
army, In all of which I concur, but the
point upon which I place most em
phasis is the need for an elimination
bill providing a method by which the
merits of officers shall hav some ef
fect upon their advancemeut and by
which tho advancement of alt may be
accelerated by the effective elimination
of a definite proportion of the least
The military and naval joint board
have unanimously agreed that it would
be unwise to make the large expendi
tures which at one time were contem
plated In the establishment of a naval
base and station in the Philippine Is
lands and have expressed their Judg
ment. In which I fully concur, in fa
vor of making an extensive naval base
at Pearl Harbor, near Honolulu, and
not in the Philippines.
Tho Navy.
The return of the battleship fleet
from Its voyage around the world in
moro efficient condition than when It
started was a noteworthy event of In
terest alike to our citizens and the
naval authorities of the world. The
marked success of the ships In steam
ing .around the world in all weathers
on schedule time has increased respect
for our navy and has added to our na
tional prestige.
It is a regrettable fact that the
higher officers are old for the respon
sibilities of the modern navy, and the
admirals do not arrive at flag rank
young enough to obtain adequate train-
lug in their duties as flag officers.
Owing to the necessity for economy
In expenditures, I have directed the
curtailment of recommendations for
naval appropriations so that they are
thirty-eight millions less than the cor
responding estimates of last year, and
the request for new naval construction
Is limited to two first class battleships
and one repair vessel.
Tho secretary of the navy has lnau
gu rated a tentative plan involving cer
tain changes in the organization of the
navy department, including the navy
yards, all of which have been found
by the attorney general to bo in ac
cordance with law. I have approved
the execution of the plan proposed be
cause of the greater efficiency and
economy it promises.
Department of Justice Expedition Ir
Legal Procedure.
The deplorable delays to the admin
Istratlon of civil and criminal law have
received the attention ot committees of
the American Bar association and ot
many state bar associations as well as
tho considered thought of judges and
Jurists. In my Judgment, a change In
public procedure, with a view to re
ducing Its expense to private litigants
in civil cases and facilitating the dis
patch of business and final decision In
both civil and criminal, cases, constl'
tutea the greatest need In our Amerl
can Institutions. 1 do not doubt for
one moment that much of the lawless
violence and cruelty exhibited In lynch'
toga are directly due to the uncertain
ties and lnJnUco growing out of the
delays In trials, JuricitK'iitsnud thei-xt-cutlons
thereof by our courts.
I therefore reconimtnl Ipalslrtlluii
providing for the appointment by the
president of a commission with author
ity to examine the law and equity
procedure of the federal courts of first
Instance, the law of appeals from
those courts .to the courts of appeals
and to the supreme court and the costs
Imposed In such procedure upon Hie
private litigants and upon the public
treasury and make recommendation
with a view to simplifying and ex
pediting the procedure as far as pos
sible and making It as Inexpensive as
may be to the litigant of little means.
The platform of the successful party
In the lost election contained the fol
lowing: Injunctions Without Notice.
"Wo believe that the rules of proce
dure In the federal courts with respect
to the Issuance of the writ of Injunc
tion should be more accurately defined
by statute and that no injunction or
temporary restraining order should be
Issued without notice, except where
Irreparable Injury would result from
delay, In which case a speedy hearing
thereafter should be granted."
I recommend that in compliance with
the promise thus made appropriate leg
islation be adopted. Moreover, every
such injunction or restraining order
issued without previous notice and op
portunity by the defendant to be heard
should by force ot the statute expire
and be of no effect after seven days
from the Issuance thereof or within
any time less than that period which
the court may fix unless within such
seven days or such less period the in
junction or order is extended or re
newed after previous notice and op
portunity to be beard. .
Anti-trust and Interstate Commerce
The Jurisdiction of the general gov
ernment over Interstate commerce has
led to the passage of the so called
Sherman anti-trust law" and the "In
terstate commerce law" and Its
amendments. The developments In the
operation of those laws call for a dis
cussion and some suggestions as to
amendments. These I prefer to em
body in a special message.
Postoffice Department Second Class
Mail Matter.
The deficit every year In the post
office department Is largely caused by
cne low rate of postage of I cent a
pound charged on second clas.-; mall
matter, which Includes not only news
papers, but magazines ana miscella
neous periodicals. The actual loss grow
ing out of the transmission of this
second class mail mutter at 1 cent a
pound amounts to about $03,000,000 a
year. The average cost of the trans
portation of this matter Is more than
0 cents a pound. The statistics of 1907
show that second class mall matter
constituted G3.9t per cent of the
weight of all the mail and yielded
only 5.10 per cent of the revenue.
The figures given are startling and
show the payment by the government
of an enormous subsidy to the news
papers, magazines and periodicals. A
great saving might be made, amount
ing to much more than half of the loss,
by imposing upon magazines and peri
odicals a higher rate of postage.
Postal Savings Banks.
I believe postal savings banks to be
necessary in order to offer a proper
inducement to thrift and saving to a
great many people of small means who
do not now have banking facilities and
to whom such a system would offer an
opportunity for the accumulation of
capital. They will furnish a satisfactory
substitute, based on sound principle
and actual successful trial in nearly
all the countries of the world, for the
system of government guaranty of
deposits now being adopted in several
western states which, with deference
to those who advocate it seems to me
to have in it the seeds of demoraliza
tion to conservative banking and cer
tain financial disaster.
Ship Subsidy.
Following the course of my dlstln
gulshed predecessor, I earnestly rec
ommend to congress the consideration
and passage of a ship subsidy bill.
Interior Department New Mexico and
The successful party in the last elec
tion in its national platform declared
In favor of the admission as separate
states of New Mexico and Arizona,
and I recommend that legislation ap
propriate to this end be adopted.
With respect to the territory of Alas
ka, I recommend legislation which
shall provide for the appointment by
the president of a governor and also
of an executive council, the members
of which shall during their term ot
office reside In the territory and which
shall have legislative powers sufficient
to enable it to give to the territory lo
cal laws adapted to Its present growth.
I strongly deprecate legislation looking
to the election of a territorial legisla
ture In that vast district
Conservation of Natural Resources.
In several departments there is pre
sented tho necessity for legislation
looking to the further conservation of
our national resources, and the sub
ject is one of such Importance as to
require a more detailed and extended
discussion than can be entered upon
In this communication. For that rea
son I shall take an early opportunity
to send a special message to congress.
The White Slave Trade.
There Is urgent necessity for addi
tional legislation and greater executive
activity to suppress the recruiting ot
the ranks of prostitutes from tho
streams of Immigration into this coun
tryan evil which, for want of a bet
ter name, baa been called "the white
slave trade."
Bureau of Health.
There seems to be no reason why all
the uureuuw nnd iitticex In the general
government which have to do with
the public health or subjects akin
thereto should not be united In n bu
reau to be called the "bureau of pub
lic health."
Political Contributions.
I urgently recommend to congress
that a law be passed requiring that
candidates In elections of members ot
the bouse of representatives and com
mittees In charge of their candidacy
and campaign file in a proper office of
the United States government a state
ment of the contributions received and
of the expenditures Incurred in the
campaign for such elections and that
similar legislation be enacted In re
spect to all other elections which are
constitutionally within the control of
Speaking generally, the country Is
in a high state of prosperity. There Is
every reason to believe that we are on
the eve of a substantial business ex
pansion, and we have just garnered a
harvest unexampled In the market val
ue of our agricultural products. The
high prices which such products bring
mean great prosperity for the farming
community; but on tho other band.
they mean a very considerably Increas
ed burden upon those classes in the
community whose yearly compensation
docs not expand with the Improvement
in business and the general prosperity.
Various reasons are given for the high
prices. The proportionate increase in
the output of gold, which today Is the
chief medium ot exchange and is in
some respects a measure of value, fur
nishes a substantial explanation of at
least part of the increase In prices.
The Increase in population and the
more expensive mode of living of the
people, which have not been accom
panied by a proportionate increase in
ncrcago production, may furnish a fur
ther reason. It is well to note that the
Increase in the cost of living Is not
confined to this country, but prevails
the world over, and that those who
would charge increases in prices to the
existing protective tariff must meet
the fact that the rise In prices has
taken place almost wholly in those
products of the factory and farm in
respect to which there has been either
no increase in the tariff or In many
Instances a very considerable redac
On the Sunday Scheol Lessee by
Rev. Dr. Llnscott for the In
ternational Newspaper Bible
Study Club.
(Copyri(hl 1909 by Rer. T. 6. LUtrMt, D.D.)
Dec. T2tK, 1309.
(Copyright, WW, by Rev. T. S. Llnscott, D.D.)
Paul's Last Words II. Tim. iv:l-18.
Golden Text For to me to live la
Christ, and to die is gain. Phil. 1:21.
Verses 1-2 When a minister In au
thority gives Instructions to a devoted
minister under him, concerning the
work to which he is appointed, are his
words more or less effectual if he
calls God to witness? Why or why
What precisely did Paul mean by
"Preach the Word?"
What, if any, reason Is there to be
lieve that preaching or its equivalent
can never be "out of season?"
Why Is the duty to preach and prac
tice truth, honesty, love, and the pres
ence of God never out of season?
Why is every wan under vital obli
gation to be always on the qui vlve to
promote the temporal and eternal In
terests of his fellows?
Verses 3-4 What Is the minimum of
Christian faith necessary for "sound
doctrine" and salvation? (This ques
tion must be answered In writing by
members of the club.)
Why Is It that burglars, counter
feiters, gamblers, liars, drinkers and
other bad men, and women, often per
suade themselves that they are right?
When men do not believe in the su
pernatural, that is, God, prayer, im
mortality, rewards and punishments
after death, etc., give your reason for
your belief whether it is, or not, a re
sult of some moral defect In their
Verse 5 What are the chances of
success, In any calling, for a man who
will watch, suffer, work and demon
strate his faithfulness?
Verse 6 Which is the more desir
able time, the day of one's birth or
the day of one's death, and why?
How did Paul at this time know
that the day ot his departure was at
Verse 7 What can you say for or
against the theory, that the better the
man the less he thinks ot himself?
State your views as to whether Paul
was guilty of boasting here, or wheth
er It was but an honest statement that
he had "fought a good fight," and that
he had kept the faith.".
Is' God hard to please', or is it pos
slble for an ordinary, honest Christian
to please God In all things, and to
have the consciousness that o is so
pleasing him?
Verse 8 Was the crown ot right
eousness that Paul was going to re
ceive, a gift ot grace, or a reward for
merit, .juid will it be the same oam
with all the faithful?
What will be the nature ot the re
ward which awaits the Christian after
Verse 8-12 Is It a sign of weak
ness or strength, and why, when a
Christian craves human company and
What is the moral quality of a man
Who forsakes his friend when he is in
Are friendships rare, or plentiful,
which remain steadfast, and true alike
In prosperity and adversity, through
evil and good report, and how do you
characterise tuoh a triemdasip?
verso IS Upon which will a nor
mal right thinker put tho emphasis,
en things for tho body, mind or spirit,
and why?
Taking 'Paul s 'cloak" to represent
things for the body, his "books" tho
mind, ' his "parchments1 the spirit,
please say what proportion ot the
thought and energy is spent, by the
average community, upon these things
Verses 14-15 Is there any reason to
believe that Jesus would have prayed
that a bad man may he rewarded ac
cording to his works?
What should he the attitude of a
good man toward those who speak
evil of him?
Verses 16-18 What'effect ought the
lack of co-operation of friends, and the
opposition of enemies, to have upon the
vork ot a true and determined man?
Lesson for Sunday, Dec. 19th, 1909.
KNOX HATS the beat
In the market.
the mild weather we are over stocked with a large line of
Men's, Boys' and Children's Suits and Overcoats,
which we are compelled to cut prices on. AH
of our stock must go as we do not
Intend to carry any goods
Remember we handle nothing but the best made
clothes in the county.
For young men or old wo ran
please you well for we have suite
here made by Strauso Bros, and David
Addler, the best makers in the world
In so wide a range of patterns and
sizes that every taste, everybody con
bo fitted perfectly.
Remember we have a full line of the Best Gent's Furnishing Goods in the
market. Men's Hats and Caps, Shirts, Collars, Underwear, Pajamas, Trunks,
and Dress Suit Cases, Hand Bags and the best Rain Coats to be found.
Children's Suits
$1 up to $7
Better Than Meat
All who once try Beardsley's Shredded Codfish like it better than
meat or eggs.
Some like it so well that they crave it They could eat it three times a
day. And all are hungry to have it at least once every week.
For its luscious flavor is something no one can ever forget
And people can have this fine sea food in dozens of different ways.
Bach way new and tempting. Each bringing out a new taste.
No wonder all find it a welcome change from the usual breakfast or
luncheon fare.
A Meal For 10 Cents
Beardsley's Shredded Codfish is more
strengthening and nourishing than any
other food you could put on the table.
It contains 22 per cent protein. Sirloin
steak only 17 per cent Eggs only 12.
And see what you save by serving It.
Each package makes a full meal ior five.
Yet the cost is only 10 cents. Meat or
IM with ni'pirii. Ha prucrratlva
wfcateTer, im tka pamt aa4 CaMt Ma-ull.
AIm packet la Ua aa4 at.
The Era of New Mixed Paints !
This year openj witn a deluge of new mixed paints. A con
dition brought about by our enterprising dealers to get some kind
of a mixed paint that would supplant CHILTON'S MIXED
PAINTS. Their compounds, being new and heavily advertised,
may find a sale with the unwary.
There are reasons for the pro-eminence of OHILTON PAINTS'
1st No one can mix a better mixed paint.
2d The painters declare that it works easily and has won
derful covering qualities.
3d Chilton stands back of it, and will agree to repaint, at his
own expense, every surface painted with Chilton Paint that
proves defective.
4th Those who have used it are perfectly satisfied with it,
and recomiaaad its use to others.
A Queer Importation.
As a result of the labors of trained
explorers of the bureau of plant in
dustry in China, the forest service has
been furnished with a supply of seeds
of the plstacla chlnesls, an oriental
tree resembling the California pepper
tree. These seeds were gathered from
trees growing in the province ot Shan
tung, China, where some of them have
reached large proportions, says the
San Francisco Call.
A tree standing at tho grave of Con
fucius has a diameter of over four
feet They are well adapted to dry
regions and are long lived. It is
hoped the trees grown from this seed
will serve as a stock of the pistachio
nut of commerce.
The seeds will be planted at the
Lytle Creek nursery station In south
ern California, and If the plantations
are successful they will be grown ex
aivair for reforestation purposes.
The Heme of the
Beat Clothes.
As with our suits, so it is with our
overcoat garments here for young
and old made by Strauso Bros, and
David Addler to suit tho exacting
requirements of the best dressed men
in tho world.
Children's Over
coats $1.50 to $7
eggs for five would cost three or four
times as much.
A Meal Without Bother
This delicious fish means a meal with
out bother or trouble. It is ready to cook
the instant you open the package.
And the meat is so light and fluffy and
dainty that it cooks almost the minute it
is reached by heat
If this food is all that we say it is, surely
you want to try it
Why not serve it tomorrow "Fish- ,
day." Then let your folks decide how i
often they want it thereafter.
In ordering, please see that yon get
Beardsley's the package with the red
band. For Beardsley's is the only Shred
ded Codfish. Our process is patented.
Free Book of Recipes
Ask your grocer for our book of new rec
ipes. It means pleasing variety in meals.
Or write ns we will send you the book,
and with it a generous sample of Boards
ley's Shredded Codfish.
J. W. Beardsley's Sons
474-478 Greenwich St., New Yodi