Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 17, 1000.
News from Towns In
the State of Pennsylvania
THE MOST IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS WHICH ARE ESPECIALLY
WRITTEN FOB THE ENJOYMENT OF
OUR MANY ENTERPRISING SUBSCRIBERS TO PERUSE
WILL SAVE A MILLION A YEAR.
The Amendments, It is Said, Will
Save tho State That Much.
HARRISBURG, Pa., Nov. 14.
Abolition of the February election,
as a result of the adoption of the
amendments to tho State constitu
tion in the recent election, will re
Bult in a direct saving of at least
?1,000,000 a year. This is the esti
mate of officials at the capltol who
are familiar with Buch matters.
The State itself will save approxi
mately $150,000 a year by reason of
the doing away with the uniform
primaries in January. The counties
are reimbursed from the State treas
ury for the primary expenses, and
the bills for 1907 aggregated ? 140,
166.75, and for 1908, $134,831. As
not all the districts hold uniform
primaries in January, some exercis
ing the option to retain the old sys
tem and pay their own bills, it is es
timated that the total cost .of nom
inating officers for tho February
election is $200,000.
Expenses of the February election,
including pay of election officers,
rent of polling places, printing of
ballots, advertising of proclamations,
etc., are paid by the counties, but
there is sufficient data at the capltol
to make it certain that the aggregate
cost is not less than $375,000.
Thus the official part of the Janu
ary primaries and the February
election represent a total of $575,
000. The expenditures of party
committees and candidates vary
greatly, but it is regarded at the
capitol as a moderate estimate to
make these figures at least as large,
as the official expenditures, thus
bringing the aggregate up past the
If the loss of time by individual
voters in going twice to the polls
could be estimated, it would prob
ably double the above figures.
MISCHIEVOUS BOYS HELD.
Woman's Leg Broken, Gravestones
Desecrated, School Property
WILLIAMSPORT, Pa., Nov. 13.
Belated Hallowe'en celebrations
have been attended with an unusual
amount of damage .hereabout, and
arrests4 of the' youthful lawbreakers
are now common occurrences in the
city and vicinity. The little town of
"Morris holds the record. Twenty
two boys, accused of entering the
school building and destroying books
and other property, were rounded
up. Justice O. H. Davis, of Wells
boro, has not yet disposed of their
The old Quaker cemetery in Knox
ville was visited by boys, who ruth
lessly overturned a large granite
monument, which was badly broken.
Mrs. O. C. Cutting, of Westfleld,
has a broken leg as the result of one
of the belated Hallowe'en pranks.
Boys removed the steps of her home,
causing her to fall.
HALTED BY A BULLET.
Detectives Shot Negro As He Broke
Away From Them.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Nov. 14.
After assaulting a private detective,
who had arrested him on a warrant
charging assault and battery, James
Crutchfield, colored, 25 years old,
of 1414 Bainbridge street, according
to the police, dashed madly through
the crowds that thronged Lancaster
avenue, near Forty-fifth street, late
yesterday afternoon, knocking down
women and children and halting
only when a bullet fired by Domen
ico Riveddi, of 4951 Thompson
street, the detective wounded him in
Miss Madge Henderson, of 4910
Glrard avenue, who was knocked
down and slightly injured by the ne
gro as he dashed through the crowd,
after recovering consciousness was
taken to her home in an automobile.
When Crutchfield attempted to
cross the street, RIveddl fired twice,
the second bullet taking effect in the
man's left hip. Though he fell to the
ground after being shot, Crutchfield
struggled to his feet and managed
to limp for another block, when he
was caught by Policeman Smiley,
of the Sixty-first and Thompson
streets station. Crutchfield was tak
en to the West Philadelphia Home
opathic Hospital, where he is now
STREAM FLOW DATA.
Water Supply Commission Furnish
ing Valuable Information.
HARRISBURG, Nov. 13 Tho
Water Supply Commission of Penn
sylvania has been carrying on a sys
tem of stream flow measurements on
the principal rivers of the Common
wealth and their larger tributaries
since early in 1907. It became evi
dent to the commission that one of
collection of stream discharge data,
collection of steam discharge data,
for this Information would be of the
utmost Importance In solving prob
lems of water supply, water power,
flood control, channel regulation and
Since it has become more general
ly known that these various stream
data are available In the commis
sion's files, numerous requests for
Information regarding stream flow
have been received. It has also
resulted In the receipt by the com
mission of a great many valuable
records from various sources, so that
the commission has come to be a
sort of clearing house for stream
flow data. These various records
are classified, tabulated and filed in
the commission's offices, and will be
published in suitable rorm In the
YOUNG BOY KILLS A BEAR.
At Close Quarters, tho Lad Shot
Bruin in the Head.
WILKES-BARRE, Pa., Nov. 13.
Ten-year-old Norman Long, of Sweet
Valley, killed a large black bear
while hunting with his father, and
showed a great deal of courage in
The father fired both shells, load
ed with fine shot, at the bear,
wounding It, and he and the lad
went In pursuit. They finally over
took the bear In some heavy under
brush and the boy fired one barrel.
The bear fell, and the boy think
ing him dead rushed up to him. The
bear jumped up again, and the boy,
only a few feet distant, gave him the
other barrel and killed him.
TOOK HUSBAND FOR BURGLAR.
Wife of a Physician Became Hys
terical and Died.
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 14. Phil
adelphia has on record to-day one of
the most remarkable cases in tho
history of the city. After two weeks
of constant dread that the negro
burglar whom she met a fortnight
ago on the stairway of her home
just as he was making off with $300
worth of loot would return, Mrs.
Alice Williams, wife of Dr. Thomas
B. Williams, of No. 2030 North
Twentieth street, became hysterical
this morning when she heard foot
steps on the first floor of her home,
and a few minutes later died from
The woman's husband, was called
out early oh a professional calf. She
was in a highly nervous condition
when the physician left, and it is
presumed that the heart trouble
with which she has been affected
since the robbery was aggravated by
her concern at being left in the
It Is believed that after several
hours filled with anxiety she fell In
to' a dose, and when Dr. Williams
came into the house just at daylight
she was awakened suddenly with
the fear that the negro burglar had
There was a scream, and then the
physician heard a thud. He found
her lying on the floor. Life was not
yet extinct, but she died in a few
minutes, without regaining con
sciousness. The physician said that his wife
had been suffering ever since the
robbery from recurrent heart disease
He stated that she never recovered
from the shock she received when
she went downstairs two weeks ago,
expecting to meet him, and was
confronted by the negro. She
screamed and fell into a swoon on
the stairway, where she was found
several hours later by her husband.
Since then she had been confined to
Deputy Coroner Kearns stated that
ed that he felt convinced that the
woman's death was due to fright.
TO HUNT FOR SON'S GRAVE.
Widow of Millionaire Ore Magnate
to Go to Venezuela.
POTTSVILLE, Pa., Nov. 15. Bent
on a most perilous journey of thous
ands of miles, Mrs. A, C. MUUken,
widow of the millionaire steel and
paint ore magnate, left here to-day
for the heart of the wilds of Vene
zuela In an effort to find the grave
of her son, Dr. Joshua Rhodes Mil
liken, a graduate of the University
Dr. MUUken died of the "black
fever" and was burled on April 24,
1908, in the jungle through whlcu
an exploring expedition, with which
he had attached himself, was pass
ing. Mrs. Millken's first stop will be at
Trinidad and then she will pass up
the Orinoco River Into the Interior
of Venezuela. Sho will be the first
white woman ever to make such a
trip. If she succeeds in finding the
grave of her son, she will arrange
to bring his body to Pottsville for
burial. South America laws will not
permit removal before 1913.
PREACHERS PRAY FOR RAIN.
Stuunokin Congregations Warned to
Use Water Sparingly.
SHAMOKIN, Pa., Nor. 14. The
alarming drought caused nreachers
in various local churches to-day to
lead in prayer for rain. Congrega
tions were uktd to be as fprlng
as possible with tho small amount
of water now available.
Chief Ralph Zimmerman last night
Instructed his lieutenants in the fire
department to Instruct firemen how
to fight fires, as well ns possible,
without water from the reservoirs,
which cannot supply the department
until a heavy storm occurs.
The Board of Health is warning
residents to boll water In order to
prevent a typhoid fever epidemic.
Epidemics Force Schools to Close.
HAZLETON, Pa., Nov. 14. On ac
count of the prevalence of measles,
chlckenpox and the mumps in the
northern section of the city, it has
been necessary to close the parochial
schools of St. Joseph's Slavonian
parish, to prevent the spread of
contagion among the children. Hun
dreds of pupils are kept out of school
throughout the city.
Monster Locomotive Creates Much
Erie locomotive No. ' 2600, which
with two exceptions, Is the largest
In the world, pulled a train of 90
cars up the Hawley branch one day
last week. This iron monster has
been in use on the Delaware division
at Susquehanna and Port Jervls. In
future it will be used to pull trains
up the grade between Avoca and
Elmhurst. It is practically two lo
comotives in one and weighs empty
205 tons, and with boiler and tank
filled, about 286 tons. It has 16
.driving wheels, the eight forward
whe'els being on a swivel truck for
making the short curves, and has a
hauling capacity of 320 loaded cars,
or a train nearly two miles long.
It will do the work of three ordi
The Great Northern or one of the
great roads of the west also has a
slmlliar locomotive, and another mon
ster which is even larger than the
two mentioned above has just been
turned out by the Baldwin Locomo
tive Works, at Philadelphia, for the
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe rail
way, and will be used for fast trains
on the mountain division in Southern
California and Nevada. It weighs
300 tons, and has a hauling power
one-half greater than any now In
use. Apart from its tender this lo
comotive weighs 376,450 pounds and
Is 65 feet long. The tender carries
12,000 gallons of water, and 4,000
gallons of oil, which is the fuel the
monster locomotive will use. This
will run the engine about 100 miles
without stopping for water or fuel.
The total length of the locomotive
and tender is 105 feet.
Discord at the Holy Sepulcher.
The "deadliest scandal of Chris
tendom" centers, we are told, about
the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.
It takes 'the bayonets of Islam to
keep the Christians from each
other's throats, says James Creel
man, who in a recent visit to the
East to investigate the Adana mas
sacres saw a condition of things
both in Jerusalem and in Bethle
hem to make Christians weep. As
a matter of fact, "this confusion bf
Christendom among its supremely
sacred shrines" makes the Turk
laugh and the Jew marvel. The
facts in a nutshell are given in this
paragraph from Mr. Creelman's ar
ticle in the New York Times:
"Greeks, Latins, and Armenians,
robed, mltered, headed, and sandal
ed, with Syrians, Copts, Abysslnlans,
and what not of minor churches
huddled on either side of the great
Christian denominations, insult and
conspire against each other, and
condescend to vulgar fist brawls,
while hosts of poor pilgrims, hag
gard, weary, and white with want,
pour their pitiful cavlngs into
monastic treasuries in which are al
ready piled gold -and jewels enough
to make the splendor of the Caesars
This is the bone of contention
between these priests of antagonis
''This sacred place, where for
mor,o than sixteen centuries Chris
tendom has wept and prayed over
the small rock-hewn chamber In
which It is said Joseph, of Arlma
thea, laid the dead body of Christ;
where emperors and empresses,
kings and queens, popes, cardinals,
steel-clad crusaders, military con
querors, millions of travel-weary
pilgrims, the greatest and the mean
est of earth, have knelt In awed sil
ence, Is a white marble chapel, six
and a half feet long by six feet
wide, with a tomb of once white
marble slabs at tho side the top
slab being cracked In the middle
and forty-three precious little silver
lamps twinkling faintly at the ends
of chains overhead."
The keeping of the sacred place
is deputed to these warring sects
with sharply defined privileges for
each coming from the Sultan him
self. Says the writer:
"So Jealous are the churches of
their rights and so ready to resist
the slightest encroachment of others
upon their privileges, that it would
require a special firman of the Sul
tan to permit one church even to
dust a lamp belonging to another
church. The right of each denomi
nation to sweep or dust any part of
the sacred building is set forth in
imperial firmans, each spot of the
floor or wall being measured to an
Inch and this minute and almost
incredibly strict system of regula
tion extends even to the rtjnes of
the outer courtyard. To keep
Christian monks and priests from
assaulting each other in the Church
of the Holy Sepulcher, the Sultan
and his ministers prescribe the time
at which the doors shall open and
close, the order In which each church
shall celebrate mass, or have other
religious services, naming the day,
the hour, and the minute of each
event that takes place, enumerating
the exact number of candles and
lamps to which each denomination
is entitled In each particular place,
and just when they may be trim
med; and not a picture may be
moved or cleaned, not a nail or tack
disturbed without an imperial docu
ment from Constantinople.
"The lofty arches of the vener
able church, with its wonderful
aisles and chapels, are gray with
the dirt of ages, and even the celling
of the great dome above the sepul
cher of Christ is disfigured with
bare patches and hanging tatters
of blue fresco, because the conten
tious followers of the humble Naz
arene, in whose name they spit
upon each other, can not agree
who shall have the honor of repair
The writer quotes the words of
the Arab guardian who sits in the
doorway and keeps the keys of the
Church of the Holy Sepulcher, a
duty that has reposed in his family
since the days of the great Omar.
He said: '
"If we were not here the Chris
tians would kill each other. There
are times when it is' necessary to
have a thousand of our soldiers in
side of the building to keep the
peace. Think of a whole Moslem
regiment with rifles and bayonets
on duty in a Christian church on
Easter Sunday! These monks and
priests have no more reverence for
this place than so many merchants
have for their shops. They quarrel
and abuse each other from one end
of the year to the other and we are
constantly called upon to interfere
when they beat each other with fists
and brooms, yes, sometimes with
knives and hatchets. But there is
never a Moslem who enters the
church without removing his shoes.
"In all the years I have sat here
I have never seen a Christian monk,
Greek, Latin, Armenian, Copt, or
Syrian, give "alms to the miserable
men, women, and children who
come here for help; yet It is a com
mon thing to see Moslems bestow
money on the beggars In and out
of the church. And no king has
such rich treasures as these monks
can show, while the pilgrims pour
new fortunes into their hands every
"Oh, It Is terrible here! There is
so much fraud, so much hatred, so
much jealousy. I have even seen
Christians shouting and swearing
and fighting like common ' Btreet
ruffians around the tomb of Christ
itself. We Moslems, of course,
guard this church because it Is the
shrine of one of our greatest proph
ets, Jesus, but also to keep the pub
Profits in Orchard Culture.
As many owners of land are think
ing of planting fruit trees this fall,
the following taken from the cor
respondence of Professor H. A. Sur
face, of the Department of Agricul
ture, Harrisburg, State Zoologist,
will be read by' them with Interest.
A professional man of Chambers
burg wrote for information concern
ing the planting of an orchard, and
among other things contained In his
letter was the following:
"My soli Is specially adapted to the
peach, but apples also do very well
and have the advantage of a longer
season of harvesting. My profession
al duties render it almbst impossible
for me to take the time to handle
and care for a peach orchard and
crop as it should be done, and I do
not want to plant a single tree that
I feel I shall not have time to give
some personal attention. In other
words, I would rather have five hun
dred apple trees well cared for than
five thousand neglected."
The Professor's reply was as fol
lows: "I acknowledge your letter of re
cent date, concerning your orchard
planting, and can say that it will be
a good plan to plant your apple
trees 38 or 40 feet apart, and also
plant peach trees half way between
them as fillers.. Your peach crop will
more than pay for the cost of plant
ing, and after getting about three
fruit crops from these trees you will
be entirely independent on that score,
and will have one or two of the crops
as entirely clear gain. Then you
can well afford to cut out the peach
trees, and the apple trees will come
into profitable bearing ana be really
improved in every respect by having
received the treatment that peach and
apple trees need while they are
young. I am confident that you will
get more profit from an acre planted
in peach than from two acres In ap
ple trees, although I must admit that
if not given good attention the peach
will not endure nearly as long as the
apple; but even the apple trees will
not be profitable in this State If
neglected. We must count with
certainty on their getting San Jose
scale sooner or later, and thus the
only thing to do is to be prepared
for an extensive warfare to control
"I agree with you that it is much
better to have a small orchard, well
cared for than a larger one neglect
ed. As to whether you grow apples
or peaches, or both, will depend up
on your own inclination in the mat
ter, but your only trouble as to suc
cessful growing of fruit will be the
care of the orchard, with the paying
of special attention to the suppres
sion of pests. If you need help in
this direction, we shall be glad to
How the children njpy ex
changing those good photographs
-frith their school mates. What a
alee IcaepMlte! 24 for 25 ceste.
LAST DAYS OF
WAYNE CO. INSTITUTE
Instructors Telling Us What to Do
and What Not to Do.
Prof, aortner occupied the first
period in the afternoon, his subject
being "A Teachers' Problems!"
We meet problems all along; first
the problem of preparation for the
work the examinations to be pass
ed, the securing a position. Then
come the problems of the school
room. Of these there are three
which we must consider, first, school
government; second, instruction;
third, inspiration. Most of .our
young teachers fall In the first. The
power of governing and the faculty
of teaching together make a strong
teacher. This power of government
must Include heart power. Keep in
touch with your pupil. Another ele
ment is good common sense, wisdom
in dealing with the little affairs of
school life. Still another is present
mindedness. Be able to go on with
your work and still be conscious of
every thing that goes on.
Another quality is self-control or
will power. Have confidence in
your own ability and have confidence
in your boys and girls.
To solve the problem of instruc
tion we must know those whom we
teach; know what we would teach
and know how to teach it.
Always make dally preparation.
Never adopt a method but adapt it
to your own needs.
A teacher has not done her full
duty until she Inspires the boy or
girl to higher ideals of education
and life. If youx have the qualities
of manhood or womanhood you
should have an unconscious Influence
will go forth to make the boys and
girls nobler men and women. Dr.
Rlgdon's talk was on "Education as
Art." Art includes the feeling of
beauty, form and thought. Some
one has said, "Art is feeling run
through thought and fixed In form."
Education to be art must observe
certain principles. The principle of
unity and of simplicity. Then noth
ing Is great as a piece of art unless
It has reserve. We should speak
with reserve and the greater , the
reserve power and knowledge of the
teacher, the better will be his teach
ing. Then comes the principle of
suggestion. As a great picture in
spires by the suggestion rather than
by the details, so the artist teacher
will teach using this power of sug
gestion. Dr. Gordlnler discussed "Chas.
Dickens as an Educator."
We all accept Dickens as a great
novelist and he is as great as an edu
cator. He studied Froebel and introduc
ed the kindergarten into England.
He took up the ideas of great educa
tors and gave them wings with his
He knew that If the people of
England understood the evils of the
schools they would have the good
sense to find a remedy; so he Intro
duces us to thirty-eight schools in
his work. In Nicholas Nickleby the
school of Squeers, the Cruel. In
Dombey and Son, Bllmber, who un
dertook to teach them everything;
and another with whom we are all
familiar, was Gradgrind who loved
A large audience was present at
the entertainment in the evening at
Rev. H. Coenen of the German Lu
theran church, conducted tthe de
votional exercises on Friday morn
ing. After music Dr. Rigdon spoke on
Efficiency is partly original capac
ity and partly its right use. We
cannot change the first but the sec
ond is what concerns us. We must
observe certain rules for the right
use of the powers with which nature
has endowed us. We should regular
ly alternate work and rest. More
people over rest than over work
rest, rust and rot.
There should also be correct as
sociation and an optimistic attitude
toward men and women and the
Prof. Gortner's subject was " A
Professional Teacher." The profes
sional teacher is one who is born
with a special aptitude for teaching
and has the best possible training.
Many states require a common
school course, a good high school
course and at least two years of
pedagogical training. In the state
of Pennsylvania five thousand new'
teachers are needed every year. Our
thirteen Normal Schools furnish
about fifteen hundred. Another
hundred are furnished by our col
leges. We must work gradually for
a body of trained teachers in this
State. Make teaching your busi
ness. The Professional teacher needs
professional courtesy. Be loyal to
each other and to those In authority.
Be careful of your professional rep
utation. Be a growing teacher, the
teacher who stands still stagnates.
Read professional books and Jour
nals. Build up a professional li
brary. Get In touch with members
of your community and let's grow
all the time.
The last talk of the day was "The
Man In the Moon," by Dr. Gordlnler.
The Man in the Moon was con
clusively proven to be a teacher and
several visits to 'his school were de
scribed, and many pedagogical les
sons were to be lWned, from this
teaching of the mn In the moon.
On one visit the school Is .singing
and the value of muVo to the school
Is shown. On the next visit the
teacher was ill-prepared for his
work and it was one of his bad
days. These are the days when we
need self control. Do not let your
moods come Into the school room.
We can modify nature and keep our
selves ready for the best work.
After this very interesting talk
Supt. Koehler declared the 42nd In-,
Many things had helped to make
the week a very pleasant one. The
unusually pleasant weather, the
pleasant auditorium, with its supply
of fresh "air, the excellent music and
the high order of instruction all
combined to give teachers and visi
tors a pleasant as well as profltaoas
. ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
.Office. Masonic building, second floor
WM. H. LEE,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office over post office. All legal business
promptly attended to. Honesdale, Pa.
. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW,
Office Liberty Hall building, opposite the
Post Office, Honesdale. Pa.
' ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office over Hell's store. Honesdale.' Pa.
A T. SEARLE.
fx. ATTORNEY A COUN8ELOR-AT-LAW.
Office near Court Houbo Honesdale. Pa.
. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office ver Post Office. Honesdale, Pa.
CHARLES A. McCARTY,
ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Special and prompt attention given to the
collection ot rlnlms. Office over Kelt's new
store, Honesdale. Pa.
. ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR-AT-LAWi
Office over the post office- Honesdale. Pa.
. ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR-AT-LAW,
Office, in the Court House, Honesdale,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW ,
Patents and pensions secured. Office In the
Scnuerholz building Honesdale. Pa.
PETER H. ILOFF,:
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office Second floor old Savings Brak
building. Honesdale. Pa.
ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office Next door to post office. Formerl
occupied bv W.H. Dlmmlck. Honesdale, Pa
DR. E. T. BROWN,
Office First floor, old Savings Bank build
ing, Honesdale. Pa.
Dr. C. K. BRADY. Dentist. Honesdale.'.Pa.
Office Hoorb-8 a. m. to 5 p. m
Any evening by appointment.
Citizens' phone. 33. Residence. No. B6-X
DR. H. B. SEARLES,
Office and residence 1019 Court 'street
r.fllpnhnnps HfflnA VTnuro 9-fW in'A'Dn anil
G 00 to 8:00. D. ta ' ' '
LIVEKY. Fred. G. Rickard has re
moved his livery establishment from
corner Church street to Whitney's Stone
PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
FIRST CLASS OUTFITS. 76yl
JOSEPH N. WELCH
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Office: Second floor Masonic Build
ing, over C. C. Jadwin's drug store,
If you don't insure with
us, we both lose.
White Mill Pa.
O. G. WEAVER,
11&7M Mala St., HOXM0AJLS.