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THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER S, 1800.
PAINTING PUUIT TREES.
Peach Trees Slionld Not be Painted,
Says Prof. Surface.
A physician, who is interested in
fruit culture, wrote to Prof. H. A.
Surface, State Zoologist, Harris
burg, in reference to painting trees
with white lead and linseed oil, as a
protection against borers, as fol
lows: "In the Reading Eagle I saw a
report of your demonstration given
at the Poor House grounds at Shil
llngtonj showing the advantage of
painting trunks of trees with white
lead and raw linseed oil for borers.
We have done this, but since heard
that some Shilllngton fruit growers
lost a great number of trees by this
method. I write to you, asking as
to the advantage of this treatment,
and if there is danger of smothering
the trees by painting them."
The answer of State Zoologist
"Replying to your letter of recent
dale, I beg to say that I am deeply
interested in your statement that
you have heard that the Shilllngton
fruit growers lost a number of trees
by painting them with white lead
and linseed oil. I must acknowl
. edge that this Is news to me, as I
i hnvo tint boon informed I'nnrorninc
However, I do know that tens of
thousands of trees have been painted
with this material in this State with
out injury to them. Of course, you
understand, that I recommend paint
ing only apple, pear and quince
trees, as there is no advantage in
painting peach trees, and the last
named Is more delicate than the
others. Nevertheless, two years ago
I painted my young peach trees, and
this year took my most abundant
and best crop of peaches from the
trees that had been painted.
I can not believe that painting
has hurt the trees to which you re
fer, unless "boiled" oil or impure
material were used. I should like to
be informed as to just what persons
lost their trees by painting them;
how many thoy lost and under what
conditions. I should then like to
trace up this information and see
what material was used, and where
it was procured.
I have seen tens of thousands of
trees painted in Adams county by
the extensive fruit growers of that
county without any danger to any
of the trees. They are continuing
Wt after four or five years of suc
"I think there is no advantage in
painting peach and plum trees (un
less it be for rabbits and mice), and,
therefore, do not recommend it."
The Poultry Yard.
There are no days like Indian-summer
When sweet the sun shines through
a mellow haze
And softly kisses earth in shy de
Eighteen hens that were fed milk
last winter, laid more eggs than 100
fed on cut bone and meat.
A flock might Just as well roost
in trees as in a house full of cracks
and holes, which chills the birds
in spots and produces bad colds.
A hen too fat gets lazy; she takes
no interest in life. One too poor
cares nothing about her egg record.
The happy medium is a happy hen
Some people are. willing to pay an
extra price for eggs of one color,
Many people get a cent or more a
dozen for sorting their hen fruit ac
cording to size and color.
On some farms the young chick
ens are allowed to roost outdoors
during the summer and fall. They
should at once be trained to winter
quarters, and the sooner this Is done
I should rather have one happy
hen than two grumpy ones. A hap
py hen is the one that fattens the
pocketbook; a hen with a grouch
isn't worth her space, no matter
what her breed may be.
It is worth the poultry raiser's
while to remember that an earth
floor is unhealthful when the loca
tion is naturally wet and not well
drained. With this kind of loca-
tlon it will pay to put in a board
Hens will not lay during the cold
months unless given food rich In
egg material. I feed wheat and
SCENE FROM THE GREAT RACING COMEDY "WILDFIRE," AT THE
Bklm-mllk, which are splendid egg
producing foods; and also Include
parched corn and Kafir-corn in the
bill of fare.
Take no chances by having too
many chickens together In one flock.
If you see they ore getting to bo
crowded In their winter quarters,
make thrift and health a certainty
by dividing them up, or selling some
You may have an idea that poul
try can hunt their own grit. You
are wrong. Grit is as essential as
feed. Get a grit box, fill it with
crushed rock and oyster-shell, and
hang it on the wall where dirt will
not be scratched into it.
One of the best methods of keep
ing the poultry house warm In winter
at small cost, is to keep the floor
well littered with dirt, cut straw,
hay or leaves to the depth of from
three to six inches. This prevents
against loss of heat and cold cur
rents from below.
From November Farm Journal.
Big Crops, More Work, Better Times.
A rosy picture of prosperity is
foreseen by the sentinels on the edi
torial watch-towers as they survey
the ripening fields or grain that will
in a few weeks pour their wealth
into the nation's granary. The tre
mendous yield of corn, wheat, oats,
rye, and other crops is expected to
fill the pockets of the farmer and
the vaults of the rural banks, tax the
capacity of the railroads, give work
to the idle, and reduce the cost of
living by lowering prices of food
stuffs. The exceptional condition of
the cereal crop moves the Chicago
Post to question "how even 'Yim'
Hill could find anything to deplore
In the outlook;" and, paradoxically,
the comparative raeagreness of the
cotton crop is a cause for congratu
lation among some Southern agricul
tural essayists, for a scant crop
means high prices.
The features of the latest Govern
ment report on cereals, as summar
ized by the New York Journal of
"First A $3,000,000, 000-bushel
corn crop, which has never been ex
ceeded and has only been closely
approached, namely, by the 2,927,-
ilG.OOO-bushel crop of 190C.
"Second A total wheat yield ex
ceeding 700,000,000 bushels. This
has only twice been exceeded, name
ly, by the 190G harvest of 736,000,
000 and by the 1901 harvest of 748,-
"Third An oats crop of 1,027,
000,000 bushels, which has never
In addition the rye crop is above
the ten-year average and the pros
pects are for a fair average yield
of buckwheat, hay, and potatoes.
The New York Press estimates that,
aside from the more direct benefit
to farmer and consumer, the task
of moving this giant harvest will tax
the resources of the trunk lines to
the utmost and will busy a million
men in handling freight on the rail
ways alone, exclusive or many more
employed on steamers and lighters
on the water and in truckage In the
shipping centers. The Washington
correspondent of a New York paper
"The crop analysis here shows that
more grain than ever before grew to
maturity In a single year in the
United States already has been har
vested or is rapidly approaching ma
turity. Never, except once, has
there been more wheat; never be
fore has there been so much market
able corn or so much oats. And nev
er before have three bumper crops
come together in the same year."
The Literary Digest.
Harriman's Castle to bo Completed.
Mrs. Edward H. Harriman, widow
of the railroad head, to whom he
left all his $150,000,000 estate, fi
nally has determined to complete
the construction of the vast moun
tain palace at Arden, N. Y., where
her husband died, and make it her
chief abiding place. The news of
her decision was obtained from C.
T. Ford, general superintendent of
By the completion of the Arden
House and of the elaborately plan
ned improvements of the 42,000
acre stretch of mountain and meadow
land which the place overlooks, Mrs.
Harriman will become the mistress
of one of the world's most costly
country homes. Its total cost, It Is
estimated, will reach $10,000,000.
"In view of the many conflicting
and erroneous statements abroad
concerning the future of the Arden
House," says Mr. Ford, "I will say
that all of Mr. Harriman's plans for
its completion will be carried out by
his widow. There is still so much
to be done that the work will doubt
less take two or three years more."
The announcement of Mrs. Harri
man's desire to finish the task be
gun by her husband, which will en
tail an additional expenditure of
$2,000,000 or $3,000,000, will bo
joyously received by the country
folk of the Ramapo Valley. The
payroll of Harriman employees liv
ing in that sestion averages $18,000
a week. Upon Mr. Harriman's death
the report was persistently circu
lated that the army of workmen
would be discharged, or at least cur
tailed to such a degree that It would
amount to a veritable catastrophe
to their families.
The town of Turner, on the main
lino of the Erie Railroad, about a
mile from the Incline tramway to
the Harriman mountain mansion,
also will be rejoiced by the news
that Mrs. Harriman intends to make
Turner, instead of Arden, the sta
tion which will be ordinarily used
by the Harriman household. A
special roadway, almost as straight
as a ruler, Is to be built from Tur
ner to the foot of the incline.
When Mrs. Harriman or any other
members of the family Journey from
Arden House they will take an au
tomobile at the doorway of the man
sion and have the machine rolled up
on a tram car, which will lower it
to the bottom of the mountain.
Thence the automobile will speed
over the straight, level private road
to Turner. There a new station is to
be built, which promises to be by far
the handsomest on the Erie.
In addition Mrs. Harriman Is hav
ing a large force of workmen plotting
sunken gardens around a private sta
tion only a few rods from the foot
of the Incline. This is on the New
burgh branch of the Erie, and has
been named Arden House. All the
grounds surrounding It arc being
planted with trees and shrubs, with
a labyrinth of valk3 and glades with
in this artificial forest. The private
station will only be used when the
family or Its guests come or go by
One of the most striking architec
tural ideas of the dead financier,
which his widow will see is carried
out in the fullest detail, is the castle
like lodge at the foot of the incline.
It will be the largest and most im
posing structure of its kind in this
country. It Is to be built of granite
blasted out of the mountain, with a
great bastion on each side of the en
trance, which will be closed by a
Through this doorway will run a
narrow gauge railroad, by which a
private car can be taken from the pri
vate station on the Erie right on to
the tramcar, which will hoist it up
the mountain to Arden House.
Mrs. Harriman also has become
deeply interested In the management
of the 22,000 acres included in Ar
den Farms, over which her daughter
May, has assumed immediate super
vision. It is the mother's desire that
the work of extending the farm im
provements begun by her husband
be continued until Arden Farms will
become the greatest agricultural en
terprise of its kind in the United
Plans are accordingly being per
fected for the draining of vast areas
of swamp land, formerly thought to
be worthless by the Ramapo Valley
farmers. This land Mr. Harriman
bought at low figures, and began
turning it into the richest sort of
soil for the raising of vegetables.
Already 320 acres have been re
claimed. From these the finest gar
den truck to be bought in the market
is shipped, along with the milk from
the Harriman dairies, to Tuxedo and
other towns along the Erie. Even
tually Mrs. Harriman and her daugh
ter hope their farms will produce
enough milk and vegetables to sup
ply the more exclusive establishments
of the New York market.
This year, because of the unreadi
ness of the Harriman city home, the
Harriman family will remain at Ar
den House later into the Fall than is
their custom. Of the delay, however,
Mrs. Harriman has expressed no dis
appointment. She says it only gives
her greater opportunity to supervise
the work of construction and Im
provement left to her by her hus
band's death. Newburgh Journal.
ADDS IN THE CITIZEN
ALWAYS BRING RESULTS.
LYRIO ON MONDAY EVENING.
Useful Hints From Readers of
A bicycle pump can be used to re
move the dust from bed springs or
any inaccessible place.
Leave the oven door open when
through baking. It saves a gas oven
Sprinkle your table before laying
down the Ironing sheet. This pre
vents the sheet from slipping.
To keep ants from getting into
a refrigerator, set the legs of the
refrigerator on small squares of
When starching articles made of
brown linen, if a little tea Is put
into the starch they will keep their
To disguise the taste of' castor
or olive oil, pour a tablespoonful of
grape juice or orange juice into a
glass; then add the oil.
To cook sweet potatoes, boil them
while the oven is heating. When
about half done, remove the skins
and finish by baking in the oven,
Cut a cork to fit into the spout
of the coffee pot. It keeps the cof
fee hot and preserves the aroma,
which is frequently lost in the
steam from the spout.
4 4 4
To keep the finger nails clean
when polishing the stove, put a lit
tle lard under and around the fin
ger nails that protects tuem from
4 S 4
Before drawing threads in linen
for hemstitching, make a thick
lather of soap and apply with a
shaving-brush to the fabric. When
the linen dries the threads draw
4 J 4
A broken mirror was cut In a
small square, and cardboard placed
back of It. The edges were finished
with red passe-partout and It made
a handy shaving mirror.
4 s f
On opening a quart of blackberry
jelly I found it a thick syrup, having
been too sweet to jell. I cooked
a quart of cranberries in the black
berry syrup, strained it, and the re
sult was a delicious, tart jelly.
4. A 4.
A boarding-school trick is to turn
fudge into a paper boat, which Is as
good as a pan; besides, it need not
bo buttered. The boat is made by
turning up the sides and securing
the corners of a sheet of foolscap.
4 4" 4
Use a coat-hanger to dry a sweat
er, a child's coat, or anything that
might pull out of shape if pinned
on the line in the usual way. Slip
the garment on the coat-hanger;
then hook it over a rod or line, in
doors or out.
4. A A
In sewing lace which has a good
heading on an edge of material
where a narrow hem is desired, as
for a small ruffle, make but one
turn of the material on the right
side and the lace stitched directly
over this hides the raw edge.
4. 4. 4.
An unobtrusive but effectual way
to mark an umbrella is to write
one's name on the inside of the
strap with which it fastens when
rolled, then outlining it in colored
embroidery silk. The umbrella can
thus be easily distinguished any
4. 4. 4.
Instead of making the elastic in
a small boy's knickerbockers tight
enough to hold them up, make it
just tight enough to hold the ful
ness and tack straight strips of
cloth from the waist to the knees
Tight elastics are injurious to grow
4. 4. 4.
To extract a needle apply a mag
net Immediately; the flesh closes
rapidly over a needle, and It is soon
taken in out of sight. A magnet
stops the penetrating movement of
the needle, and In a short time
draws it from the flesh without
4. 4. 4.
Last fall I had a large bed of let
tuce from seed which had fallen off
the old stalks. I protected it from
frost and snow by placing boards
around the beds and making the
south side three inches lower than
the north side. Thus it had a
southern slant. I drove sticks on
either side of the boards and bank
ed earth around before the ground
froze. I then placed two window
sashes over the bed, making their
edges fit closely together. Occas
ionally I lifted the window sash and
sprinkled lukewarm water upon the
lettuce. At night I covered the bed
with old carpet. I had fine dishes
of lettuce on Thanksgiving and New
Year's days. When the snow came
I still had lettuce, and even in Feb
ruary I am still cutting It.
When You Have Found Your Place
You will be happy in it content
ed, Joyous, cheerful, energetic.
The days will be all too short for
you. Dinner time and closing time
will come before you realize it.
All your faculties will give their
consent to your work; will say
"Amen" to your occupation. There
will be no protest anywhere in your
You will not feel humiliated be
cause you are a farmer, or a black
smith, or a shoemaker; because,
whatever your occupation or profes
sion, you will be an artist instead of
You will go to your task with de
light and leave it with regret.
Life will be a glory, not a grind.
BIG FIND INM RUINS
Jewelry and Valuable Worth $20,000
COO Are Unclaimed by the
Romo, Italy. Jewelry and other
valuables which the military authori
ties have collected from the ruins of
Messina and for which no claimants
can bo found are estimated to bo
This vast collection of riches Is
heaped up in the subterranean vaults
of the citadel and In wooden shelters.
and Is intrusted entirely to the hon
esty of four officers, who have not
even sufficient soldiers to guard tho
In one of these shelters the sol
diers have constructed rough shelves,
on which diamonds and gold are plied
In the most extraordinary manner. A
small cardboard box, the size of a
matchbox, contains a necklace of
pearls valued at over $20,000; between
an old pair of boots and a pair of
oars there is a single envelope con
taining State bonds of $400,000 made
out to bearer.
In another small wooden box lies a
diamond solitaire, worth a fortune,
which was registered by the soldiers
as a whllte stone. Further on a petro
leum can contains gold coins amount
ing to $10,000.
There are also safes innumerable
filled with hundreds of gold watches,
rings, chains, bracelets, earrings, pock
cthooks, and treasures of all sorts.
All these riches have been found In
the superficial excavations carried on
up to the present, while the wealthiest
part of the town the first and second
floors and the cellars is still un
touched. United States Senator Retires with
Carson, Nev. Senator George S.
Nixon of Nevada, said to be worth
$20,000,000 has disposed of his vast
Senator George S. Nixon.
mining interests in the West and has
retired from active mining operations.
Senator Nixon began life as a tele
HEALTH ABOVE BRAINS.
Radcliffe College Instructor Would
Bar Weakling Matriculants.
Cambridge, Mass. Miss Elizabeth
Wright, physician instructor at Rad
cliffe College, has decided views as
to allowing delicate young women or
those who will not take gymnasium
work to matriculate. She believes
that a perfectly healthy body should
take precedence over a perfectly
A young woman unequipped with
health, she soys, has lost one of her
most valuable weapons with which to
fight the world, and one who will not
seek physical perfection Is an object
Miss Wright advocates that physi
cal training stand high among tho
list of studies and that a high mark
in this branch be made compulsory.
HORNS FATAL TO SNAKE.
Huge Python Dining on a Goat Meets
Logansport, Ind. A twenty-flve-foot
python In the Lambrlgger exhibition
here upon showing signs of hunger
had a small live goat put in its den.
The python sprang forward and wrap
ped its huge body about the terrified
goat. The bones were crushed like
eggshells and life was squeezed out
of the animal in the twinkle of an
eye. The snake then began to cover
the crushed body with saliva. When
this was done it started to swallow
the body whole.
One of the goat's horns became Im
bedded in the python's throat, and In
tho snake's effort to obtain relief the
horn severed an artery. In Its dying
agonies the python lashed and squirm
ed, breaking out one side of its cage.
GROUNDHOG ATTACKS A MAN.
While Walking In a Cemetery, Squire
Haa Surprising Encounter.
Hanover, Pa. A groundhog furious
ly attacked Squire S. W. Hammers as
he was waiting through the cemetery
of the Marsh Creek Presbyterian
Church in Highland Township, and at
first the squire got the worst of it
He dodged behind a tombstone and
struck a blow with his cane, which
missed the animal, and the Justice
was then compelled to retreat
The weather prognostlcator pur
sued him, and after twice seeking re
fuge behind the gravestones Hammers
succeeded In landing a blow which
felled the beast The Squire took his
prey home and will have It stuffed
Ann Arbor Course In Aeronautics.
Ann Arbor, Mich. Plans are being
made by. Dean M. EL Cooley of the
Engineering Department of the Uni
versity of Michigan, for a counw in
Atto rn cy A-at-La w.
. ATTORNEY COUNBELOR-AT-LAW.
OIHn. Mnsnnlc hllllrtlnir.i Kpmnri flnnv
M. II. LEE,
ntllAnnHA na mw all I
promptly attended to. Ilonesdaie, Pa.
. ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW,
Office Liberty Hall bulldlne, opposite the
Tost Office. Ilonesdaie. l'a.
ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW.
OfHce over Relfs store. Ilonesdaie Pa.
AT. SEARLE.r: .
. ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW.
Office near Court House Ilonesdaie. l'a.
0L. ROWLAND, ..
. ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW.
OlBce ver Post Office. Ilonesdaie. Pa.
CHARLES A. McCARTY,
ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW.
Special and prompt attention clvcn to the
collection of claims. OUlee over Kelt's new
store. Ilonesdaie. Pa.
. ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW,
OUlcc over the post olllce- Ilonesdaie. Pa.
. ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW,
Oflicelin the Court House, Ilonesdaie,
HERMAN HAKMKb, t
ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW,
Patents and pensions secured. Office in the
Scliuerliolz building Ilonesdaie.
PETEH II. ILOKF,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
OUlee Second floor old Savings llrik
building, llnncstlale. Pa.
RM. SALMON "
ATTORNEY A COUNBELOR-AT-LAW
Ofllcp Next door topot cilice. I'ormerl
occupied bv W.ll..I)imnilck. llunetilalc. Pa
DR. E. T. BHOWN.I
Olllee Kirst floor, old Savings liank build
ing. Ilonesdaie. Pa
I)r. U. li. 11KADY. Dkmist. Honesdale. Pa.
Offick Houns s a. 111. to 5 p. in
Any evening by appointment.
Citizens' plume. : Iteshlence. No. 8G-X'
DR. 11. 15. SEAItLES,
Ofllee and residence lull) Court 'street
teleiiliones. Olllce Hours !tC0 to. 4:10 and
ISiHltoKUO. 11. m
LIVEKY. Fred. . Kickard has re
moved his livery establishment from
corner Chu.'cii street to Whitnev's Stone
I'HOMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
FIRST CLASS OUTFITS. 75yl
The (OEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
OflRep! Rppnrtil flnnr ATnenni. Untie
ing, over C. C. Jadwin's drugj store,
For New Late Novelties
SPENCER, The Jeweler
"Guaranteed articles only sold."
If you don't insure with
us, we both lose.
IITTB & HAM
O. G. WEAVER,
1127 Main St., HONESDALE.