The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, August 25, 1909, Image 7
THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1000. Farm and Ga.rde BIG PROFIT IN HENS. Poultry Business as Viewed by a Scientist of the Government. Thut the egg Industry affords mi ex ccllcnl opportunity for investment is the opinion of Professor Mllo M. Hus tings, scientific assistant animal hus bandry ottice of tins agricultural do partuiont at Washington. The best es timates available indicate that the in come from poultry products is one of the four or live most Important sources of the agricultural wealth of the na tion. The proof of this statement Ik attributed to the fact that the price of eggs for the last ten or twelve years has shown not only an absolute rise, but a relative rise, when compared with the general average of vaiues of cither farm crops or food products. One of the principal requirements generally considered Is the degree of fiv-duioss. Tlie rule, however, is some- l'OULTIiY HOUSE WITU CUUTA1N. times variously applied. An egg forty eight hours old that has lain In a wheat shock during a warm July rain would probably lie .swarming with bac teria and be absolutely unlit for food, while another egg stored eight months In a lirst class cold storage room would lie of much better quality. For food all fresh eggs are practically equal. The tint of the yolk varies somewhat, being more yellow when preen feed has been supplied the hens. The llavor of the egg is also inllueuced by the food given to the hen. Particular attention Is called to the loss sustained by reason of dirty eggs, broken eggs and fertile eggs exposed to heat. The loss of eggs that are actually rotten forms only about 1 to 2 per cent of the year's output. The farmer receives 1." cents for a dozen eggs, the shipper of a cent, freight 1V cents, receiver '- cent, job ber 14 cents, candling 2 cents and A GOOD LATER. gross profit to retailer -i cents, making a do7.cn eggs cost the New York con sumer about 25 cents. The high price of strictly fresh eggs is counterbalanced by the price at i which cold storage can be secured. I "The Industry as a whole," Professor ! Hastings says, "Is of great benefit to both the egg producer and the egg consumer. It has tended to level prices throughout the year and has re sulted In a large Increase In the fall and winter consumption of eggs. This moans a larger total demand and a consequent Increase In price." The poultry shed shown In the Illus tration Is a good type of house for hens that "give eggs." It has a cur tain front which permits sufficient air and protects the layers. The curtains are of a length that prevent scratching of the shed. A good typo of layer Is shown In the picture of the Plymouth Itock ben, although there are other breeds. Keeping Cream Sweet. If properly cooled cream will keep much longer than milk, for the reason that it contains less milk serum or food for the nctlou of bacteria. It hhould be kept in a pure atmosphere so as to prevent It from taking up fla vors by absorption. If cream is kept In a cellar the walls should bo white washed several times during the year. Lime Is a great purifier. Never allow vegetables to remain In tho samo room in which cream la kept. During the daytime the cellar should bo kept closed, but nt night thero should be thorough vontllntion. The Swiss Chard. Swiss chard Is growing In popular ity. It Is cultivated like the beet and Is ready for uso as a sort of substitute for asparagus within a few weeks after seeding. It lacks the richness of flavor of asparagus, but is a good sub stitute while tho asparagus plantation Is getting ready to bear. Tho long Ktalks are served ns asparagus or as creamed celery, and tho leaves may be cooked like spinach. Lucullus lo thj choicest variety. s I til Np r V?" -' ; LUMEEH CUT C? 1 Reduction Qhcwn b- R'j-rt3 Frori More Than 30,023 vJ-.vrvilj. Every farmer in tin t'nlicl Stales must be interested hi tlie Iv. inliiv pro duocd. During the ye.:r i n-. sawmills in fie Ur.lu-d ::: !- i.i..- -i fiu-mred t"VW5t:!).n"0 fo -i of ii--t according to a preliminary lop-, i ! sued by the bureau of the iciwu-. These mills also cut rj,liHi..s;!,'i-,ii shingles and 2,!IS(!.CS4.0(I0 lath. Lum ber manufacturing, like every ether industry, felt the effects of the busi ness depression which began !'i O tuber. 1!KJ7. Consequently the pri.duc tion In 100S was below that for the previous year. In 11)07 the cm of 2S.'tt sawmills was Iti.LTiiJ.iril.uiio fc !. the highest production ever recorded. Xoliiwlllistandlng, therefore. Ihai in 1!H)S reports were received from s per cent more mills than in ltliiT. the de crease in luiubir cut reported by tlieai was slightly 'over IT per cent. Washington, as for several yn--. still ranks lirt among the slates ii lumber produitioii. Its cut in lw ing 2.!iir..!i-JS.(0(l feot-.-i dv.v.i.' o.' per cent over the cut in Iff 17. Nearly all the lumber m-nitifiU-tiir'd in Washington Is Douglas llr. the mar- , l:el for which was seriously al'i'ec!"l by I he panic Louisiana rank seco.id. , with '-.'.722,-121,0011 feet, a decrease "f ' 2.".;M.titi.(iOO feet, or S.I per cent, fivai i the cut in 11)07. Louisiana is Urn i:i 1 the produetlon of both yellow pine and cypress. Mississippi was the third slate in lumber production in . i:!S with a total of l.siil.oiii.iuio tci j a do-reuse of 11 per cent from the, cut in 1!K17. I Arkansas ranked fourth with l.ir.0.- i imi.niMi feet, a decrease of nearly 17 per ci'nt from the previous ear's ui p ... and Wisconsin liflh with 1.0K!.- ', r.lo.lMiO feet against 2.(10.",.27'.1.000 feet in l!ii)7. In Texas, where the lumber , , industry is confined almost exclusively to yellow pine, tlie falling oft was very , ! heavy. The total cut of the state In ' liius was 1,"2-1.00S,COO feet, a decrease ! of :U.(i per cent from the cut in 1!)07. ' Eight other states manufactured more than one billion feet each of . lumber last year. In the order of Im portance they were: Michigan, Oregon Minnesota. Pennsylvania, Virginia, Al- iiiK.mn. -muiii Carolina aim west ir- , ginia. California, Maine and other states which reported more than one billion feet each In 1!)07 went Just be-,! low that figure in 190S, Willie there are many very largo miwiuIIIs in tlie United States, the small mills far outnumber the large ones. Many of these small mills are in the states which are not now of llrst rank in lumber production. The j statistics for New York wore collected by the forest, fish and game commis sion of that state, which secured re- ports from 2.201 mills. In I'onusyl- I vania 2,221 mills reported to the eeu- sus, and in Virginia 1.037 mills. Yellow pine, Douglas llr, white pine, j oak, hemlock and spruce, in the order I ininicd, were the woods cut Into lum 1 ber in the largest quantity. 1 Sixteen Melons In Two Layers. ' The basket shown In the aecoinpany ' ing illustration is of the half bushel 1 Umax type. It holds sixteen melons, packed in two layers. The bottom of tlie basket Is smaller than the top and HALF BtTSnXIi OF CANTAiOUrES. must have smaller melons. The top layer must come one and a half Inches above the basket edge to permit proper covering. The packer must see that every melon Is placed firmly in posi tion, and the basket must present a neat and attractive appearance. How Men Differ. Tim illfVm'imfri In mm, 1c nfton natmi. Ishlng. The corn growers near Des j Moines, la., have been satisfied with I a crop bringing ?12 an acre, and yet 1 the son of a stonemason recently camu . among them and made as high as $-100 ' an acre out of tomatoes. 1 In the last seven years this young 1 man has made ?1S,0U) worth of Im j provements on a little farm of only ' thirty-two acre-5. He uses very little j manure, but a great deal of water. I Ho makes ?2riOO a year on lettuce j alone. Other men find farming a slow business, while this young man makes ! a fortune out of It with all case. The I difference Is certainly strange. Remedy For Sick Calves. A stockman claims that when calves three or four days old become sick and die with scours it Is due to Indi gestion, apparently, and yields to treatment with pepsin If taken In time. A teaspoonful twice a day giv en In a little wnnn milk after feeding will euro It and If given when tho calf Is born and continued for a few days will prevent It. The pepsin Is tho common kind sold In drug stores nnd can bo purchased by the pound. Good Hay. Good hay can only tie made by cut ting the grass ns soon ns It heads out nnd clover as soon as tho heads are In full bloom. It Is 11 nilstnko to wait until tho heads turn brown, Thero is nothing In (he theory that sunshine nlor.e niaUei hay. Air Is ns much a fuel or no sunshine. Curing mainly In tho windrows and haycocks Is now prnctl"ed by many of our bc hny specialists. T The Witness Explained. E. C. lllggins. a trl.il lawyer for the Chicago city Railway company, had nn experience In Judge lieu M. .Smith's court recently such as at some time or another befalls all lawyers engaged In active practice. An old colored man living on the south side was plaintiff In a personal damage case against the company. He had been Injured b a street car at Thirty-fifth street and Wentworth ave nue, and one of the Important points on which the case hung was the speed nt which the car was running at the time of the accident. The man was hurt while crossing the street, but (lie testimony of the witnesses differed as to the' distance "IT WAS IK 1'IIOXTOP TUK IlCTCIIEn BnOP." the car ran after the accident before i being brought to n standstill. One old i negro witness was not disposed to be j too exact in his conclusions. , "Whore did the car stop';" asked Mr. ' Iliggius. I 111 IIUI1I. Ul LIU IllllI'lll'l' ISIIOII. :ni- 4i.. i ..a i. i. .... ,.i ti SWerod the witness. Tills building is the third beyond the crossing. "Tint 1,1st what was the relative nosl. tion of the building anil tlm car 7" lu- quired the lawyer. "Well, the car stopped right In front of the butcher shot)." "Yes. But where was the front end of tne car 7" persisted Mr. Higgins in an effort to have the witness be more specllic. "It was In front of the butcher shop," replied the negro. "Then where was the rear end of the car 7" "The what, sir?" asked the witness, showing some surprise. "The rear end." explained the law yer. "Where did the rear end stand whou the car stopped?" "The rear end, sir? Why, right be hind the front end, sir. You know, they were both on the same car, sir." Chicago Post. Escaped an Ordeal. Andrew Carnegie's splendid philan thropy was being praised on the piazza of an Atlantic City hotel. "Mr. Carnegie," said an aged Pitts burg clergyman, "Is as profoundly re ligious as he Is profoundly charitable All the same" He smiled. "Mr. Carnegie attended some years ago one of my business men's week day services. Seeing him In tho con gregation and unaware that ho was not used to praying extempore, I said after tho first hymn: " 'We will now be led In prayer by Brother Carnegie.' Mr. Carnegie rose, very red and flus tered. " 'Let us engage, first of all.' he stam mered, 'In a few minutes of silent pray er.' "We all obediently bowed our heads and closed our eyes, and Mr. Carnegie, tiptoeing out, escaped." A Bas the Scientific Waiter. Discussing In Anoka a certain battle of the civil war. 1'. G. Woodward, commander of the Minnesota depart ment of tho Grand Army of the He public, said: "That general reminded 1110 of a waiter in Minneapolis. The general was too scientific, lie was too busy with causes and effects, with technical moves nnd what not, to get results that Is, to win battles. "So with my Minneapolis waiter. In a restaurant I said to him: "'Look at the color of this water, Why, It's not fit to drink!' "I5ut the waiter, instead of rushing some crystal pure water to me, took up my goblet, studied It carefully, shook his head aud said: "'No, sir. You're deceiving your self, sir. Tlie water's perfectly all right, sir. It's only tlie glass what's dirty!" New York Times. If He Lived. G. Ileide Norrls, tho eminent Phila delphia barrister, spends his summers nt Dark Harbor. Mr. Norrls is a fa vorite among tho natives of Camden, Northport, Lincolnvlllo nnd other towns In thnt beautiful region. Of the older natives ho has many nmuslng tales to toll. "I used to know," said Mr. Norrls at a luncheon at tho Philadelphia Country club, "a very, very old man in North- port. I said to li 1 111 one day: .loscpu, you nave readied a very great age, havo you not?' " 'Indeed, nnd that I have. Mr. Nor rls. sir, piped the old man. 'If I live till next November I'll be an octogera ulum.' " EW STORES INTERNATIONAL NEWSPAPER BIBLE STUDY CLUB. Answer One Written Question Each Week For Fifty-Two Weeks and Win a Prize. August 29th, 1909. 1 (Copyright, l'.il'l. t.y tin. T. S. I.inscott. D.O.) Paul on Christian Love I Cor. 13: M3. Golden Text And now abidoth faith, hope, lovo, these three, but tho greatest of theso Is love. I Cor. 1.1:1a. Verse 1 What Is tho utmost which can he claimed for tho gift of elo quence? Why is an clonuent m.in without love, like a brass band with rj tubal accompaniments? Will eloriuence without love, make a man acceptable to God? Will eloquence without love, make a man accentnblc to his fellows, m give any lasting satisfaction to him- If? Verse 2 Is there nnv noeossnrv moral praise due lo a man who has the gift of piophoey, and lias Intuit! vc Knowiodgc of mystery? Is there any more necessary nrnise lo he accorded to a big man than to a little man? If God gives a man tho faith so he ran reiuoxo ,1 mountain and lie at tho si'ine time is without love, what good is tlie faith to him? Verse S Do mjiuo people give liber ally, and suffer personal inconven ience. who have no real lovo In theii he.uts and if so, what is It which ptompts to those pets' If a man gives when it can be scon. nn.l does not give when It cannot be seen, Is thero any lovo In his heart or any real meilt in his charity? Should the church refuse to accent of money for tho Gospel or for charity, from those who clearly give to be seen of men? Do those who give without love. but to be scon of men, reap any bene fit from II, or does It hurt thorn? Can you conceive of a man civinc his body to bo burned, for his religion with an impure motive, or without Iovk in his he-art? What is the only thing which rec- omuumis us to God In and of Itself? Verses 4-7 What proof can you give that love Is long suffering and kind? If we really lovo a pfirson will wg over speak of hiin to his Injury, no matter what the provocation may bo? What is it In love, which tends to patience, politeness, kindness, gentle ness, and humility? May a person be controlled by love. and bo envious at tho same time, and If not, why not? D.-s lovo always make a man think of "the other fellow" beforeiiiniself ? What does love take all Its pleasure from ? Vorsos Can despondency or doubt, or depression, or hopelessness, or onv other bad feeling, occupy tho heart that is filled with lovo? What will be the relative nlun or uses in heaven, or laitn, nopo, cio- queiie knowledge, love? What Is really the sum total of all things, or that which sums up In it self all the blessedness, nobility, and happiness, that the mind can con ceive, or the heart crave, and why Is It so? (This question must be an swered In writing by members of the club.) Lesson for Sunday, Sept. 5th, 1000. Paul's Third Missionary Journey. Farewells. Acts 20:2-P.S. THE TOWN THAT PUSH BUILT VII. The Brainy Hardware Man TP HIS is the hardware man who took A At the jeweler's ad. a careful look, Then went and bought some trinkets neat For a girl whom he thought was very sweet ftnd paid for them with the clothier's bill That came from the furniture dealer's till, Where it went when tho dry goods merchant bought And paid with the bill the butcher got From the grocer who had settlement made With money the honest workman paid. P. 5. The local dealer who's up to snuff Will always advertise his stuff. ermott For a Theme: THE POWER OF GENTLENESS. By Rev. Frank M. Goodchild. Text: Thy gentleness hath made me great. II. Samuel, xxil., 36. It is easier to recognize a man's rcnUioss than to discern the secret of it. And yet men are always ory cv.no :s about the process by whu-li a . g.o.u man has reaclieu his eminence. A man was curious to know tho 1 ocrot of J'aganini's power over thu - violin, lie got a room next to I'agani- I ills at an Inn and uutchod him. Ho ! bv,- tho great musician when he arose ' in the morning take too precious in- su.ii..uit, place it under his chin, I make a few pulses over it with tho how, kiss the back of it and, looking 1 up, murmur a prayer over it. Then he locked it in its bo.: again. No one ecr showed tne possibilities there nre in a vlo'.in :u i'agmuai. lio could 1 make It soii.nl like a wail lrom the lo;;t world, i.ml ho could make it ring 1 with joy so that you would think you heard the sonjjs of r.tradlse. And tho 6i cict of It w.m thut he loved the in- Mi uhient. In this little text. "Thy gentleness hat a made n.e great," one of tho I gi cutest men of the world speaks to us. He was so great a ruler that n::.ny men look back to him as tho ideal king. He was so groat a poet that all ages since have used his songs to express Uiolr worshipful emo tions. He was so great a ninn that God conferred upon him tho title, "T! 0 man after Cod's own heart." And the secret of his greatness is re vealed to us In tlie text. Tho psalm from which it is taken sketches bis lire. It tells in musical words tho sto.-y of David's career, and it reaches its climax when D.ivid looks up Into Uoii's fate ard acknowledges that all thut he lias and is came from Him. "Thy gentleness hath made 1110 great," he says. Just as a mother broods over her child nnd shapes his charac tu ho God brooded over David, and bj gentleness and forbearance that surpass anything that a mother over felt Ho loved David into greatness. Perhaps we never know very much about how God loves us until we have our own child in our arms and know how dear It is to us. Once let a man got It into his soul that God really cares for him more fondly than any mother ever cared for her child and ids heart will havo a lightness It never had before, his soul will know a peace that tho world Is an utter stranger to, his cares will be transformed so that they will havo little power to distress him and dfo will be so sweet at times that heaven will seem only a continuation of it. Perhaps the most trying need of our time is a revival of this grace of gentleness. We are very quick and cruel in our Judgments to-day. Men who are sincerely trying to do good are vilified and caricatured. No man in the public view escapes the most brutal criticism, nnd we are just as severe on each other In the private walks of life. Perhaps no other evil In the world produces so great a har vest of wretchedness as this habit of harshly judging one another. Some men are ashamed of tender ness and gentleness. But a man Is sadly deficient who lacks feeling. Gen tleness not only makes us great, but it is a sign of greatness in tho man who has it. And, happily, it is a form of greatness that all can achieve. We may never be able to acquire wealth. We may not havo great thoughts to write. We may not have the skill to paint scenes of beauty. Hut gentle ness and goodness all can attain by God's good grace If wo will, and they arc more potent in the world than any other form of greatness we know. A Bravs Old Wan. Back In 1705, on ono March even ing, Frederick IV., of Denmark, sitting in his palace, noticed among his papers a petition trom a widow whose husband and son had been murdered at Tranquebar. There had been a native outbreak, nnd the story led tho king to send for his court chaplain, who found him poring over a map of India, and was greeted by the ques tion: "Can you llnd preachers for me? I will pay expenses. I want to send them out to Tranquebar." Down through the vanished year3 rings the answer of the old man "Send me your Majesty." Ilut his worn life was not the one chosen for that service, though lie did ids part by bravely holding the ropes at home. Tho palace picture fades into tho mists of time, and given place to a Danish ship, laboring through eight months' perilous voyage, carrying two young men. Zlegenbalg and Plutscbau. missionaries of Jesus Christ. Daptlst Standard. Want to Serve. Wo shall seo lllni, and want to serve. We shall know, and bo pro pared to scKve. Inspiration for ser vice Is vision; uiuipment for service in correspondence, preparation for f.orvico in knowledge! Thus Himself will be the reason of all the service of the now life, and thereforo His will will bo tho piano of Hoavon's activity. Q. Campbell Morgan. ROLL of HONOR Attention is called to tne STUKNGTII of tlie Wayne County The KINANCIKi: of New York City has published a liOLL ()! IlDNOl! of the 11,470 State Hanks and Trust Conmaiiies of I'uited Stales. In (his l'it the WAYNH COl'NTY SAVINitS liAXK Stands 38th in the United States. Stands IQth in Pennsylvania, Stands FIRST in Wayne County. Capital, Surplus, $455,000.00 Total ASSETS, $2,733,000.00 Ilonesdale. Pa., May I'll i'.US., Time Table In Effect June 20th, 1909. SCRANT0N DIVISION kii i i 10 Stations 3 a o a s a i a M a a S m A J1IP M! IOlArN.Y.W.4-MSr r.vl s ir p II ii or, i oo Ar -iiausiii i.vi i 10, 6 06 610 6 25 6 40 6 60 ll 01 12 5ii ...Hancock.... " 215 injii2 4.V" ..starllir it.... 3 30 S 45 2 55 310 327 3 40 10 .14 is 29 " Preston 1'arK " in 24 is ill " ..Wlnwooit, 10 05 2 05! ' ..1'oyntello... " 0 11 9 SI 11 61 " orson " 11 ai " Pleasant Mt. " 6 22 0 35 6 3.S V35 9.W11 30 " .. Untontlate.. " 9 2 ill l S) .Forest Cltr. " 3 43 3 55 6 50 M 0611101 " CTb'ndaleYu " ft 04 10 69 9 0111 01 " .Carbonuato. " 410 7 05 White Bridge " 8 5ft 8 4S 10 51 .Aiayneiu xa. 4 IS 7 13 10 -IS' " ....Jcrinyn " 4 21! 718 8 43,10 43, " .Archibald, 4 S3 4 30 4 34 4 39 7 2M 8 40I0 40, " .... Wlnton.... " ... Peckvllle... 7 25 7 29 8 3310 3.! " ...Olypliant... " ...Dickson.... " ....Throop " . Providence.. " ..Park Place.. 7 31 7 07 B2S10Sq 4 42 4 45 8 25 10 25 8 21J.10 22 819U0 13 7 401 4 48 7 43 4 51 7 48 7E0 T u 815 1015 Lv... Ecranton ...Ar 4 55 ll !a m' Additional trains leave Caroondale for May field Yard at 6.50 a. m. dally, and 5.8 p m dlly except Sunday. Additional trains leave Max field Yard tor Carbondale 6 38 a m dally and IS p. in. dally except Sunday. J. C. Andrrson, J. E. Weujh, Trame Manager, Traveling Agent, 56 nearer Be New York. Scranton. Stu AmilV.Ui AXD DKl'AKTUHK OP TKA1NS Delaware & Hudson 15. It. Trains leave at 0:55 a. m., and 12:25 and 4:30 p. m. Sundays at 11:05 a. m. and 7:15 p. ni. Trains arrive at 9:55 a. m 3:15 and 7:31 p. m. Sundays at 10:15 a. m. and C:50 p. m. . ..( Kile It. 11. Trains leave at S:27 a. m. and 2:50 p. m. Sundays at 2: 50 p. m. Trains arrhe at 2:13 and 8:02 p. in. Sundays at 7:02 p. m. Public Sale of Personal Property Take notice that on Friday, Sept. 3rd, 1009, at 11:30 o'clock a. m., the New York, Ontario and West ern Railway Company will sell at public salo for freight aud storage charges, on hand goods, wares, and merchandise, consisting of six bundles of one dozen chairs, con signed to M. J. Connolly, at its freight station or depot in Clinton township, Wayne County, Pennsyl vania, known as tho Forest City station of said company. New York, Ontario and Western Railway Company, By JAMES E. BURR, Its Attorney. C3w3 Ponies and Carts G-IVB1T -A.-W.A.-X- licutitlfu! .Shetland Punk-a, handsome (.'arts, solid (!old Watches, Diamond. Itines and other valuable presents clven away. To Boys and Girls who win our PONEY AND CART CONTEST Open to all Hoys and filrls. Costs nothing i to enter, (let enrolled at once. Hundreds ot j dollars worth of prizes and cash besides. I I2VBIIY CONTRSTANT IS PAID CASH I whether he wins a urand prize or not. Write us today for full particulars before it Is too laic. J HUMAN LIFE PUBLISHING CO., 528 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Mass.