Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 25, 1000.
THE CULTURE OF CABBAGE.
Soil and Condition For . Successful
Growth of Plants.
To bo able to grow cabbage success
fully In any season (lie soli slioulil bo
hi such ii condition that the watfr will
pass through it us freely as It would
through a piece of pumice stone or
porous rock. Ah a general rule, the
poorer the Poll the ihier and more
porous It is. Thus it Is that on the
comparatively poor farms better late
cabbages are grown than In the mar
ket gardens that are very rich. A
sod Held broken etrly in the spring and
well manured has generally been found
to grow the best cabbage. Tills does
not apply to the early crops. These
do best on the-scl's t hat- are- rich, mid
full of humus.
Low priced fertilizers sometlincs'glvc
ns good, results as the higher priced
goods; but, on the whole, It' will pay
to lx liberal with nitrogen. The two
experiments 'Indicate-that it is- prollt
ablo to m Dltriuto Of soda on the
plant beds -t therrate Of 450' to tVjO
pounds per .acre.
The cabbage is :a .aiative. of western
and southern Enrope and has been,
used for human food' from' time imme
morial. Allrff . the'rypes of cabbage.,
cauliflower. 'Tirussels sjc-onts. coluwd
and kale have sprung lrom the raitio
orlsinal sourec-namely, iMrnHlca ) ,
BOOT DEV21.Of.MFJO'. OF CAM. KGC
caeca. Linn. The wY'd tyor is Mill
growing on tlm chalk c."fl's of liLe Eng
lish channel. On the villi's of south
f t.stoni Kngland is now found c plant
similar to the (b.orgia eiJIards.
There tue three- distinct typou of ealv
ba;;e witsi roi'eroice to the shaje of
the head uamcly, round, oval and llat.
Souie varieties are distinct in type,
while othcr.1 partake of tv.'o or more
shapes due to crossing in tu.vO produc
tion. There is much variation in ti'o
shape, color, jharacijr and texture v,f
the leaf, ranging from regular straigbi
edges, almost white, smotith au
tender, to irregular, nlmost fringed
edges, dark purple color and coarse,
Generally speaVJng, aV varieties are
hardy, bus there s some variation in
hardiness. Usually the purplish green
varieties ;ith crinkled and frbv.ged
leaves are hurdler than the whitish
green sorts with smooth, regular
leaves. The cold resisting variety
are also the most heal resisting.
For a very early crop the teed iua
he sown in a well prepared weed hod
outside in September and the plants
be wintered over in a cold frame or
by mulching with straw in a Sheltered
place. These plants may be set out
vtff.v early In spring, long before spring
grown plants may be used. To make
exb-a good plants tlicy will need to be
taken from the seed bed and bo prick
ed ovit two Inches apart in other beds.
By stting a succession of plants the
crop may be constant from May or
June untjl Christmas.
The plants of early varieties are set
out in spring as early as the weather
permits in .rows three feet apart and
two feet opart in the rows. The fall
grown plants are often planted in the
field In November. Furrows are turn
ed whore tin .rows are to be and the
plants are set low In the furrows, so as
to be protected. North and south fur
rows with plants set on the east side
are satisfactory, although oast and
west furrows are sometimes preferred.
Later varieties require more room.
Early plants must be set deep that is,
so the base of the loaves is below the
ground. If freezing weather comes
the plants may be covered with earth
until danger from frost js over.
The illustration showing the roots of
a cabbage is an interesting study.
Analysis of Sorghutn.
Analysis shows that, considering the
amount of protein and fat contained in
sorghum. It Is about equal to timothy
hay as feed. In point of the amount
of nitrogen, free extract, it is about
half as rich in these elements as tim
othy. Timothy contains 5 per cent
protein, -15 per cent nitrogen, free ex
tract, and ll per cent fat. Sorghum
contains 4.5 per cent protein, 211 per
cent nitrogen, free extract, and 3.23
per cent fur.
The bureau of chemistry of the
fiilted States department of agricul
ture has come out llat footed In answer
to the question "When ii cheese not
choose?" They say that when It is
"soaked curd" It cannot bo sold as
cheese. Pseudo cIicofo Is produced by
soaking the curd nt n certain stage In
cold water, draining it and putting the
lint to pre. This ti'"-it"H'iit Is car
ried i"i si lely for fir'dfKnfntn! pur-
Dealt Only In Cash.
Lord llosehory. who Is oue of the
wealthiest peers In Great Iiritaiu, con
fesses that on one occasion lack of
the moderate sum of fourpence stood
between hlni and an article he was
most anxious to purchase.
lie was one day walking through the
streets of Aberdeen when In the win
dow of a shop lie saw an article which
ho desired to purchase.
"How much to pay" asked his lord
ship, putting his hand in Ills pocket.
"Fourpence, please," answered the
"Well, I do believe I have forgotten
to bring any money with me!" ex
claimed Lord Kosobery.
"A wool, sir." said the shopman, "if
ye haveua got the pennies yo canna
hae the parcel."
I Although the earl promised to send
j the money from the hotel, the Aber-
donlan remained obdurate, and when
he offered to write a check for four
pence the shopkeeper was more sus
picious than ever.
"Na, na," he said, solemnly shaking
his head. "Though ye sold yo were
Andrn Carnegie, I widna gie .ye
credit. I deal only in cash."
Trunks For Aerial Travel.
An enterprising trunk maker in 'Paris,
we learn, has in his shop trunks for
balloonlsts. On the outside, painted in
white letters, are the words "Aoro
Trunk." On the Inside of the cover are
instructions and hints for the traveler.
He is told to have no fear of tumbling
out. for the car is well constructed and
there is no danger of derailment. Do
not jump about in your joy, for the ear
is not a balcony. Do uot -smoke .or car
ry a spirit stove. Do not go into ec
stasies over the progress. Every one
knows It, and It is a waste of time. Se
lect your baggage with intelligence.
Only bring what 3s actually wanted,
.and this will be heavy enough. Clothe
yourself well, for in t'e air it will be
fresh. Do not be vexed if you find no
VOgon restaurant Do not point the
fjogcr of scorn at mortals less fortunate-than
yourself who cannot delight
in the beauties of the air. The trunk
is of great lightness, the framework
boHig of aluminium, with rings to nt
tncit it to the car. The trunk contains
a small medicine chest, but we learn
theic is no provision for lo&'es' big
j A Mercenary Wife.
FrnaJ: Work, the venerable New
j York millionaire, discussed in bis disjunctive-
way international marringes.
"Our girls don't marry men any
more," Ite said primly. "They marry
titles. (JiTls haven't changed, it seems,
since th middle .ages. T'iere was
once, yo:i know, a lady of Touraine
wlto was wedded to a mediaeval count.
Tin- count went oat from his castle
one line morning to meet the foe, but
the foe deficated him and took him
prisoner. Tnen the vouut'u castle was
besieged. Tiio countess wits summon-
I ed to the battlements. From below a
. herald shouted 'to her:
' " 'Lady, your lord has been defeated
innd is now our prisoner. Surrender
j the casilo to us, and he shall be re-
' stored to you in safely.'
I "Hut tiie countt-Ns answered without
nn instant's hesitation:
" 'No, I'li do nothing of the sort, for
I ctn easily obtain another husband,
but .getting another '.-astle is quite a
different matter.' " Exchange.
The Whizzing lQlqbe.
! Among the latest vaudeville novelties
ta Paris Is a bicycle aci which is re-
feral to on thi programme as "the
' whizzing globe." In a groat wire cage,
' globular ,'n forie and about twenty
j feet in diameter, i man sits, mount
ed on a bicycle. Ills wheel rests on a
rim jf narrow wooden slats which ex
I tends in a circle around the Inside of
i the globe. The man pedals vigorously,
I and the globe, resting on an aile and
! free from the floor, Is set In motion, the
! revolutions being In keeping with the
(rapidity of the wheel on1 the inside..
The show is not half over, however.
I when the man emerges and makes bis
I bow, for in the second hot another
I wheelman takes hi place on the top
! of the globe, nnd, while the great cage
; is whizzing, impelled by the bicycle
rider inside, the man on top nijlntalus
his place, the wheels of his machine
spinning around in harmony with the
globe's motions. The whole thing is a
globular treadmill so novel ns to nuike
It wonderful to look at.
A Poor Motto.
Raron Takahlra was talking to u re-
i porter in Ann Arbor about the Jap-
"To say that the Japanese Is only a
living piece of commercialism is all
j wrong," he declared. "The Japanese
' Is chivalrous and kind. P.ut too often
, men accuse him of living up literally
to the Yorkshire motto.
"The seltlsh and despicable motto
ndopted by a certain hard, narrow typo
of Yorkshlremnii is, you know:
"See all, hear nil and ray nowt;
Eat nil, blip nil and pay nowt,
And It th.V (I.jcm owt lor nowt
Do It for t!rF.-n."
A Girl of Four Nations.
"I've been trying to figure out what
this girl looked like." said a mere man
to his sister. "I wis sitting on tho
cross seat of an elevated train, and
two girls with their backs to my back
wore talking. One said she had a
Dutch neck In her Irish lace gown and
that she thought she would wear her
whlto French heeled slippers and do
lior hair in an Mugllsh bun. What with
French, Dutch, Irish and ISngllsh I
Imng'r.cd wlsht nt well wrap her-
, tolf In the Mnes of all nations and let
'It go nt that." New Yurie Press,
UNCLE SAM'S KZ"J KSLG i.
Delicacy From Heu.rr.-.U V ii: Will
De C-sw . II rc.
The department of r.iiieiil.tiio 1' al
ways alert for Mir.it't lilsn. !.'... :i. (he
diplomatic and consular oi;.,o.,-i . . Oi'
I'nitrd Stales have sp 1 n . . tile
on the Jeckir.i; Vr t.ow :'tu; r- ,1
So well have thtso iT'lor.-s been ju
ried out that many new a'nl sirii" :1
fruits and vegetables have ft ur.d tin Ir
way to the tables of -the Al.v."'i'-:Mi
One of the latest and best ihi-,i.."i i'i
this Hue has "boon the iutrcdt! lion iii.o
the Tnited States .,f the !; in.!..:i..:n
wnternieloii. This w.'ts the result .' a
deal consummated by the late nihil-tor
to ltonmania, Horace G. Knowles.
When Mr. Knowles found this melon
growing among the foothills of Car
pathia he realised that it would he
just the thing to serve individually in
America, and instead of hotels serv
ing huge slices of watermelon It would
he possible to serve n whole uncut
watermelon of the Roumanian variety,
equal in .every way to the best Georgia
The now 'melon lias a thin skin, and
the meat, which Is 'less nitrous than
the American melon. Is both yellow
and red In color. The llavor is deli
cate and 'ddllcinus, but the chief char
acteristic of flii! fruit Is its size, which
Is about that of n good sized grape
fruit or Shaddock.
After a thorough tcst'bythc- nrgieul
turn I .department, which found that
the lioumaiilan melon conld be success
fully grown wherever our own melons
would -grow, and having been assured
of its -royal reception by the American
public, Mr. Knowles was anxious to
repny -file gift. Ho had noticed that
oom 'in ltonmania was our; of the. chief
articles of agrloulture, but that sweet
corn was unknown. Accordingly he
obtained a -quantity of sel, Kred sev
eral jllots of ground and instructed'the
Kouniailians in its culture.
The result was so successful and the
corn so thoroughly enjoyed that the
king called Mr. Knowles -to a private
audience -and thanked him for making
It possible for the Roumanian people
to gain this delicacy.
This mdion has received rueh a wel
come and so great has been the de
mand for it that two large hotels in
New York and Philadelphia have
agreed to tike all That can be grown
in tile United States during the next
yeai. and it is their intention to fea
ture them on their ilciiuk.
"Com? Into thi Garden.'
Wen Is are -Uy about confessing their
ancestry. In youth they have the
cliarin of freshness nod proni'se de
iiied many fragrant flowers, ami it is
only when gripped to the earth with
roots ol iron unl ready to set their
piogeny In do'ectable grounds that
they show their-true colors.
It in a puzzle how to tell friends
from enemies, flowers froui weeds. An
ohserving-cye. long about the business,
may be gifted viith an instinct and
power to. detect nt once what promises
to be (candytuft, what grass, what n&s
turtitnu. what rue. or plantain, or p-vp-fiy,
or dandeVIon, and far int. the si
cies los.'ng tit. "nisei ves In the disgul'
3'y taking the garden scrlouiJy there
is variety enough to enliven the days.
A package of i-iwn grass see! on a
well prepared lawn will in time
aroue all the emotions latent In the
humav. diameter. According to well
laid plans and promises, it should be
.-l"er and lawn yrass. An Kng.'ish
friend persuaded thir introduction of a
P'mcIi of dalv seed, and at the hour
of the first weeding a tcikler heart
suggested that no lawn was perfect
without dandelion geld.
One who would write a bonk with
many pictures on the distinguishing
traits of llrst sprouts should lie re
warded with the privilege of making
many editions to follow the fiVst
sweeping sales. Plants have curb us
ways of beginning life. Those that
start out rosettes become tall and
spindling later; those that send forth
threads develop -woody stems.
Amount of Grain For Ccttle.
The difference in practice between
the amounts of grain that are fed to
cattle that are being fattened is very
The following rules will be found of
some service to those who are feed
ing: First, aim to feed coarse foods to
the greatest extent possible consistent
with good increase, ns they nro the
cheaper foods; second, feed enough con
centrates to make tho fattening rea
sonably rapid In order to save in the
fond of maintenance; third, when
the droppings show that the food Is
not being well digested by the ofi'ensn
odor that comes from them tho gr:ii-i
should be reduced; fourth, when the
animal gets off reed the grain should
be at once cut down or tho trouble Is
likely to get worse. At such times con
diimiiit'il food may aid In bringing t'
stomach back Into tone.
Cr.ro of the Grindstone.
A griiid.-ioi)". by th way, should
never lie left exposed to the sun. Th.
weight of the handle will always can -v ,
one portion of the stone to remain up- l
perniost, nnd this from exposure will !
reach a dllforeut degree of hardnes.i '
from the underside, so that after ,
awhile the stone will be ground out .
of a circle. If the stone has to stand
In tho open, a llat box can easily br
obtained to servo as a cover.
Tho chiR'i of ferdu that are fast gain
ing popularity amoii!,- the dairymen
are tho so called molasses feeds, which
nro extremely palatable and are made
fi-Ti (-errr-'irc's from cereals nnd well
f Mid eoi-'i stover soaked I-i iuuIusm'-.
FOR THE CHILDREN
The players sit in a long row, as If
in class nl school. The one who acts as
schoolmaster asks sharply, beglunlug
at one end: "The name of the letter?"
"A," says the llrst player. The school
master turns to the next player: "The
name of the shlpV" and begins to
count ten very quickly and sternly.
"Andromeda," is perhaps called out be
fore he reaches that number. "The
name of the captalnV" "Allan." "What
is the cargo V" "Apples." "The port
she conies from?" "Ainboy." "The
place she is bound for?" "Amsterdam."
The next letter?" "B," and so on. If
the schoolmaster Is very strict and
abrupt with his questions and count
ing he can drive every Idea from the
mind of the person he points at. If
he counts ten before an answer comes '
he passes on to the next, and the next,
until the answer Is given. The one
who gives it moves up nbove those
who failed. The game should be j
Training of Fire Horses.
Did you ever see the tlremen prac
ticing .their horses at a Are engine
.house? if so, you noticed that each
horse leaves his stall at the first sound
of the alarm bell and takes his place
tin front of the engine. He docs not
wait for orders, but knows what to do
as well as do the liremeu themselves.
When an alarm is sounded uot a mo
ment's time is lost, everything con
nected with the gearing and hitchiug
of the team being reduced to a per
fect system, largely automatic. When
a new horse is brought to the station
he receives uo special training that is,
training such as he would receive if a
circus man were attempting it. He is
simply paired with a horse that has
been there a long time, and he soon
gets so that he does what he sees his
mate do. Fire horses are selected for
their good qualities, and they enter
into the spirit of their work with what
in a human being would be called en
thusiasm. i Wave Measurement.
' If M. Hertin, a French engineer, is
i-orreet in ills conclusions the height
and length of waves have been over
estimated. Observations have pre
viously been made in most eases from
email vessels, and as the decks have
been constantly tilted by the waves re
sults wen; exaggerated. Willi care to
avoid this; error the highest wave
iiu-aMired was forty-three feet. M.
iJertiu believes, however, that ill the
, southern seas a height ten feet greater
may be reached. There is a relation
1 tictween length and period, the longest
'. nwvus having a period of twenty-three j
, -seconds. j
' What docs .Sweet AVilliam carry
1 when he goes out walking? A sugar
i What does Illuck Eyed ftusan use to
I keep her hair in order? Cockscomb.
I Wlwf form of entertainment Is coni
. inon .-i.'uong the tlowers? Hops.
What disease is common to young
flowers'' Nettle lv.sh.
On ih:it does (he Wandeving Jew
-.vest when" tired? Toadstools.
Which .parent made Johnny-jump-up?
His ii jppy.
What t:v always uses the second
'Personal pronoun? Yew.
The Chinese Rickshaw.
TbeChinese rickshaw ic a basketchair
arrangement, Jioniethlug like a buggy.
It has a hood, but no front, and dt
rests on two wheels. One cooly hauls
benvem the sluu'ts and another pushes
from .behind whenever a journey up a
steep hill is contemplated. i."ou might
expect ifi'ogress K be slow, with a
man dolug the work instead of a horse.
But this if. not the case. The .Chinese
rickshaw man can trot many ruiles at
a good speed. lie is Xuster thaai the
Japanese and steadier than the Cin
galese. P.esides, lie does not charjjs so
much. Chicago News.
The Selection of Friends.
I A piece of clay was found by tho
j wayside, and it had a most delicious
1 fragrance. "How hast thou obtained
that odor;" asked a jealous clod of
earth, and tho answer came promptly,
I "I have dwelt near tho rose."
We all gain something from our
I friends, and they all take something
I from us, A Spanish proverb says,
j "Who comes from tho kitchen smells
of smoke," so, yon see, you may either
i be perfumed by the rose or be smoked
1 by the soot, according to tho friends j
( you choose. 1
j What is the difference between a po- j
licenian and a nickel ? A policeman j
' being a "copper," the difference is 4 I
What kind of a field is older than ,
you are? Pasturage.
The Shadow Child.
I havo a llttlo comrade
Who stnjs with ine nil d.iy.
Ilo comes at early mornlnK
Ami wutcliL's .ill my play.
Ilo never iuibw.ts questions,
Though 1 rhmit with all my might,
Ilo never poems to hear mo,
And ho often hides from sight.
SomctlniP3 he's phoit nnd funny
Or ho strotchea thin nnd tall,
lie Ilea upon tho cu-pct
Or ho mud lluht up tho wall.
Wo oflcn laco tosuthor,
lint ho always wins from mo.
I hnvo to run aimuirt thiuiis,
Wliilo ho slips through, you see.
I nsUed my nurso this ninrnlns
If 'twas proper or iiullo right
Without nn explanation
Ilo should ko away each night,
Sho told mo all about it,
And from wlmt feho says It seems
Ho plays with other children
Whllo I'm In tha land ot dreams.
5ES KEEPING agB?
i:es GAME FIRST.
After Them tin- Indian Met tlm
All the honey beet. In this countiv
having originally heen Imported
from Europe or Asia, there Is no
racial difference between the wild
ones and the domesticated; tho.it
that live In trees are simply the de
scendants of those that from time to
time have taken "French leuve"
from their owners' hives and revert
ed to a state of nature. The va&t
bulk of the wild bees are of the
German or black race, while the
standard domesticated bee Is the
Italian, but that, however, is only
because the Germans wore the first
to he introduced here. Just when
the Germans came Is In doubt, but
it was some time in the seventeenth
century; certainly It was not until
near the close of the eighteenth cen
tury that any bees were found west
of the Mississippi.
The Indians used to say they
could mark the advance of the white
man by the appearance of bees in
the woods. The Italian bees were
first imported in 1SC0. Better tem
pered and more industrious than the
Germans, they have become very pop
ular with apiarists, but as many still
keep the German bee, and others
have the hybrid formed by the cross
ing of the two races, while countless
Italians now have taken to tha
woods, there to breed more hybrids,
it is clear that there is no sure way
of distinguishing between the wild
bee anl the domesticated. Outing.
Corner Clamps for Beehive.
I have tried every kind of a clamp
and other devices intended to keep
the unxjr chamber and supers of a
beehive in place, but none of them
has proved to be satisfactory, most
of them getting out of place at times.
I have now discarded all of these
devices and am using one ot my
own invention. I will try to ex
plain this for the benefit of the
readers of The Prairie Farmer.
My clamp is biniply a piece of
shoet metal cut -i inches square. I
CORNER CLAMP FOR BEEHIV-:
prefer to have it cut from galvni
Ized steel bimilar to what is common
ly used lor root nig. iiend tlie.,e
sheets so as to ioim a right ai:-;i.-and
nail on the corners of the up
per story and supers so that tue
longer nd will be half an lnc.i w
low the edge of the super to wh.ch ir
Is attached as shown in the illustra
tion. I think any one who will try this
plan will find it to bo entirely satis
factory. h. W. Colvlu, Harrison Co.,
The Ptdr- l-.-rnp of 'cc we set,
It i." .'. Yirepi.i is thins.
If It wo' ,il i- ft I'd hnve it FPt
And ( ir it i'i n via .
1 'i -ijitoii Star.
If SUMMER SUIT
Menner & Go's Store.
J. t I?: i? V''
.rr, .'infil l t
1 JUL. A'
(Hltcf. .fnvollt(- h"dilll( m.i-otwl flrwtr
! WM. II. LEE,
V ATKIKNKY & COfNSI.l.Olt-AT-LAW.
( itllce over pot otliic. Alt lcuul business
promptly attended to. IIotic-Mlak', l'a.
. ATTOttNKY A 'lrNHK1.0lt-AT-I,.'
tnt'i'e- I.llici t.v Hall bulldhm, opposite the
Post lilllie. lionc-diile. l'a.
tlllhe over lieit's More. Iloiiesdaie Pa.
a t. si:ai!lk,
IX. ATTOHNKY A COfNSi:i.Olt-AT-I,AW.
tlllh e near Court IIoiim' Iloiiesdaie, l'a.
. A'tTOKNKY .t COl'NSKI.OH-AT-l.AW.
Ollke ou-r Post tllllce. Ilom-Klnle. Pa.
f1IIAKI.ES A. McCAHTY,
V ATTOHNKY A l'Ol'NSKI.OK-AT-I.AW.
Special and prompt attention given to the
collec tion ot I'luline. Ollke over Kelt's new
store. Ilonesdale. Pa.
jl p. kimuli:,
ATTOHNKY A COl'NSF.I.OIi-AT-LAW.
Otllceover the Host otllie llonchdnle. l'a.
. ATTOHNKY A COl'SSEI.OK-AT-I.AW.
Ollice in the Court House, Ilonesdale,
ATTOHNKY A COUXfrEI.OK-AT-I.AW.
Patents and pensions secured. Dlllce hi the
Schuerholz bulldhm Ilonesdale. l'a.
PETER II. ILOKF,
ATTOHNKY A COl'NSF.I.OR-AT-I.AW.
OIHrc Second Hour old "itvlnus Hank
building, lionesdaie. l'a.
ATTOHNKY A COP.WFI.OH-AT-LAW
Oltiit Ne.xt door tojoM olllie. Former!
occupied bv W. II. Dliumlik. Ik.ncsdiile. Pa
DR. E. T. IJKOWN,
Ollice First floor, old Savings Hank build
lilt,'. Ilonesdale. Pa.
Dr. C. l. P.ISADY. I)i:ntist. Ilonesdale, l'a.
On in: Horns 8 a. m. to 5 p. in.
IFAny evening by appointment.
Citizens' phone. XI ltesidcnce. No. W-X
DR. II. 15. SKAIILES,
i Mlli e and residence lulu Court street
ti'lci.hoiu's. dtlire Hour-2:10 to 4:00 nnd
(id) to.Mti. i. in
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Ollice: Second lloor Masonic lluild
ing, over C. C. Jndwin's drug store,
For New Late Novelties
SPENCER, The Jeweler
"(Jiini-antecd articles only sold."
If you don't insure with
us, we both lose.
White ms Pa.
II Fffi S1LE !
OHl' (if tilt' lll'r-l ''Mlltttlifil fiii-iitt tn U'.ittnn
(uiimy--itimU'(l about tlnvi iiules frum
. ', 1 , , in the hist live
years in buildings, tools nnd Improvements.
H C E R Fvnint "'''I';11 (3 acres are sood hard-
1UJ ilUlbj Will be told reasonably.
A Bargain. --Por furtherJpartlciiUirs en
W. W. WOOD, "Citizen" office.